Investigation of adenovirus isolation frequency from the stool samples of patients suspected with acute flaccid paralysis.

[Investigation of adenovirus isolation frequency from the stool samples of patients suspected with acute flaccid paralysis]. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2016 Apr;50(2):287-92 Authors: Bayrakdar F, Coşgun Y, Salman Atak T, Karademir H, Korukluoğlu G Abstract Although adenoviruses (AdVs) generally cause upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis/epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonia, they can lead to the involvement of central nervous system. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a type of seizure, characterized by rapid and sudden onset of extreme weakness in hands and feet, including (less frequently) weakness of respiratory and swallowing, representing with decreased muscle tone, especially in children below 15-year-old. The major viral cause of AFP is polioviruses, however non-polio enteroviruses, mumps virus, rabies virus and flaviviruses can also be responsible for AFP. The data of some recent studies have pointed out the probable aetiological role of AdVs in AFP. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of AdVs from stool samples of AFP-suspected patients and their contacts. A total of 6130 stool samples from patients (age range: 0-15 years) prediagnosed as AFP (n= 3185) and their contacts (n= 2945), which were sent to our laboratory from the health care centers located at different regions of Turkey for the monitorization of poliomyelitis as part of national AFP surveillance programme, between 2000-2014, have been retro...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

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ConclusionsBronchodilator dose responsiveness may be useful for phenotyping and may be of utility in practice and future studies focused on asthma outcomes or quantification of treatment responses. In children and adolescents, this phenotype of poor bronchodilator responsiveness may be associated with periods of relatively stable disease yet marked airway constriction in response to triggers, including tobacco smoke, respiratory infections/pneumonia, and aeroallergens.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the risk factor for mortality owing to VAP. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective clinical audit study screened medical records between the period of January 2014 and December 2017. All patients under mechanical ventilation MV) for ≥72 hours were screened against previously reported diagnostic criteria for VAP. The medical records were obtained for cases of documented diagnosis of VAP. RESULTS In all, 145 patients (5.0%) diagnosed with VAP were included in the study; the morbidity of VAP was 19.5 episodes per 1000 days of MV. The 30-day mortality rate was 42.8%. Univariate logistic analysis ...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Soo-Yeon Yang, Tae-Rim Choi, Hye-Rim Jung, Ye-Lim Park, Yeong-Hoon Han, Hun-Suk Song, Ranjit Gurav, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Kyungmoon Park, Jung-Oh Ahn, Yung-Hun YangAbstractGlutaric acid is a C5 dicarboxylic acid that can be used as a building block for bioplastics. Although high concentrations of glutaric acid can be produced by fermentation or bioconversion, a large amount of α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) is necessary to accept the amine group from 5-aminovaleric acid. To decrease the demand for α-KG, we introd...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Ilona Piekarz, Sabina Górska, Szczepan Odrobina, Marek Drab, Krzysztof Wincza, Andrzej Gamian, Slawomir GruszczynskiAbstractThis paper presents a microwave sensor designed as a capacitive matrix for label-free Escherichia coli detection. The mean value of capacitances’ change in the capacitive matrix sensor is an indicator of the bacteria detection. The theoretical analysis was confirmed by the realization of an exemplary sensor chip manufactured using the United Monolithic Semiconductor (UMS) PH25 process on a 10...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: MycoscienceAuthor(s): Katesaraporn Nuankeaw, Boonyanoot Chaiyosang, Thanapat Suebrasri, Somdej Kanokmedhakul, Saisaamorn Lumyong, Sophon BoonlueAbstractBioactive compounds of endophytic fungus Trichoderma polyalthiae were extracted from culture broth media. The crude extracts showed strong antimicrobial activity against human pathogens. Biologically active compounds were isolated and purified by chromatographic methods. The structures of the pure compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. They were identified as Violaceol I and Violaceol II. These compounds...
Source: Mycoscience - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Babor TF, Ferreira-Borges C PMID: 31603745 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Materials Letters, Volume 258Author(s): V. Poornima Parvathi, M. Umadevi, R. Sasikala, R. Parimaladevi, V. Ragavendran, J. Mayandi, G.V. SatheAbstractDevelopment of efficient antimicrobial agents is imperative for the persistent microbial pollution and contamination. Here, we have analyzed the enhancement in the antibacterial activity of TiO2 nanoparticles when co-doped with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and activated carbon (TAC). Highly active anatase phased TiO2 was observed in X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra. Morphological studies revealed the formation of spherical ...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
A blood test can identify a subgroup of pneumonia patients at increased risk for developing acute respiratory failure or sepsis, according to new research.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yangyang Kong, Tingjuan Huang, Haiyan Zhang, Qianqian Zhang, Junjie Ren, Xiaohong Guo, Huiqin Fan, Lixin LiuAbstractAimsInsulin-like growth factor binding protein-related protein 1 (IGFBPrP1) promotes hepatic stellate cell (HSC) autophagy and activation. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) including long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), have received increasing attention. We aimed to investigate the roles of the lncRNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1), miR-29b, and autophagy...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Qiuju Zhou, Tianwen Wang, Can Wang, Zheng Wang, Yanan Yang, Pei Li, Ruihua Cai, Meng Sun, Hongyu Yuan, Lei NieAbstractIn this paper, a facile double-emulsion approach was reported to fabricate the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-doped hydroxyapatite/alginate nanocomposite microparticles. First, hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HApNPs) were prepared using coprecipitation method, then, HApNPs were involved in sodium alginate (Alg) network to form HAp/Alg microparticles via emulsion process. Next, sil...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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