Characteristics, complications, and gaps in evidence-based interventions in rheumatic heart disease: the Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (the REMEDY study)

Conclusion Rheumatic heart disease patients were young, predominantly female, and had high prevalence of major cardiovascular complications. There is suboptimal utilization of secondary antibiotic prophylaxis, oral anti-coagulation, and contraception, and variations in the use of percutaneous and surgical interventions by country income level.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The FHS can favor the care and control of SAH in Brazil. Thus, it must receive investments that guarantee its effectiveness.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The findings, such as the inverse relationship with tuberculosis treatment discontinuation in the group of people with comorbidity, reinforce the importance of integrated actions in health services to change the scenario of this challenging comorbidity.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Authors: Rathi V, Ish P, Singh G, Tiwari M, Goel N, Gaur SN Abstract Non-anemic iron deficiency has been studied in heart failure, but studies are lacking in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The potential clinical implications of association of iron deficiency with the severity of COPD warrant research in this direction. This was an observational, cross-sectional study on patients with COPD to compare disease severity, functional status and quality of life in non-anemic patients with COPD between two groups - iron deficient and non-iron deficient. Stable non-anemic COPD with no cause of bleeding were e...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
This study aims to further characterise the LALV and proposes a novel classification for its relation to other veins.Dissection of the LRV system, including the left suprarenal vein (LSV), left gonadal vein (LGV) and LALV, was performed in 38 cadavers. Their drainage points into the LRV were recorded, and measurements taken of the distances from these points to the junction of the LRV and inferior vena cava (IVC).The position of the LRV in relation to the aorta was anterior in 35 cases (92%), entirely posterior in 1 case (3%), and circumaortic in 2 cases (5%). Duplication of the LSV and LGV occurred in 6 (16%) and 10 (27%)...
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Arash Fereydooni, Naiem NassiriAbstractThe lateral marginal vein is an anomalous clinical entity found in association with Klippel-Trénaunay and other PIK3CA-related overgrowth syndromes. Although it is reported to affect 
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): George A. BrooksAbstractOnce thought to be a waste product of oxygen limited (anaerobic) metabolism, lactate is now known to form continuously under fully oxygenated (aerobic) conditions. Lactate shuttling between producer (driver) and consumer cells fulfills at least 3 purposes; lactate is: (1) a major energy source, (2) the major gluconeogenic precursor, and (3) a signaling molecule. Lactate Shuttle theory is applicable to diverse fields such as sports nutrition and hydration, resuscitation from acidosis and Dengue, t...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Totzeck M, Rassaf T Abstract Cardiotoxic side effects can significantly limit the quality of life and survival of tumor patients under treatment. Acute and chronic effects include hypertension, venous and arterial thromboembolic events, acute and chronic coronary syndromes, heart failure and arrhythmias. Patients with previous cardiovascular diseases are often more frequently affected by side effects. The triggers are not only irradiation and conventional chemotherapy but increasingly also newer forms of cancer treatment. These include targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). The goals of o...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MS is beneficial where the main aim is to attain a significant and long-lasting weight loss results. The RCTs have depicted the superiority which surgical mechanisms hold over medically based therapy, for enhancing glycaemic control, and achieving remission of diabetes. This type of surgery improves life quality, reduces incidences of other obesity and diabetes relating diseases like microvascular illness, sleep apnea, fatal disorder, and fatty liver disease. PMID: 32077829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
We examined the association between perceived racial discrimination and hypertension among African Americans and whites who live in a low-income, racially integrated, urban community. Hypertension was defined as having a systolic blood pressure 140 mm Hg or more, a diastolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg or more, or taking antihypertensive medication(s). Perceived racial discrimination was based on self-reported responses of experiencing racial discrimination in various settings. Using modified Poisson multivariable regression models, we found no association between perceived racial discrimination and hypertension (prevalence ra...
Source: Family and Community Health - Category: Primary Care Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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