Query: dyslexia

This page shows you your search results in order of date.

Order by Relevance | Date

Total 2013 results found since Jan 2013.

A meta-analytic review of comprehension deficits in students with dyslexia
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Sep 17. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00244-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBeyond the established difficulties of individuals with dyslexia in word recognition and spelling, it remains unclear how severe their difficulties in comprehension are. To examine this, we performed a meta-analytic review. A random-effects model analysis of data from 76 studies revealed a large deficit in reading comprehension in individuals with dyslexia compared to their chronological-age (CA) controls (g = 1.43) and a smaller one compared to their reading-level (RL) matched controls (g = 0.64). Individuals with dyslexia also diffe...
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - September 17, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: George K Georgiou Dalia Martinez Ana Paula Alves Vieira Andrea Antoniuk Sandra Romero Kan Guo Source Type: research

The learning experiences of dyslexic medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a phenomenological study
AbstractDyslexia is a Specific Learning Difficulty that impacts on reading and writing abilities. During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical schools have been forced to undertake distance learning and assessment. The wider literature suggested that e-learning might pose additional challenges for dyslexic students. Here we explore their overall experiences of learning/studying during this time in a phenomenological study. Five medical students were interviewed in depth and the audio-recordings were transcribed verbatim. Transcripts then underwent an interpretive phenomenological analysis. Our results highlighted a largely positi...
Source: Advances in Health Sciences Education - September 17, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Whole-object effects in visual word processing: Parallels with and differences from face recognition
Cogn Neuropsychol. 2021 Sep 16:1-27. doi: 10.1080/02643294.2021.1974369. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVisual words and faces differ in their structural properties, but both are objects of high expertise. Holistic processing is said to characterize expert face recognition, but the extent to which whole-word processes contribute to word recognition is unclear, particularly as word recognition is thought to proceed by a component-based process. We review the evidence for experimental effects in word recognition that parallel those used to support holistic face processing, namely inversion effects, the part-whole task, and co...
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychology - September 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Monireh Feizabadi Andrea Albonico Randi Starrfelt Jason J S Barton Source Type: research

Evaluating a new verbal working memory-balance program: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial study on Iranian children with dyslexia
It is important to improve verbal Working Memory (WM) in reading disability, as it is a key factor in learning. There are commercial verbal WM training programs, which have some short-term effects only on the ...
Source: BMC Neuroscience - September 15, 2021 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Mehdi Ramezani, Saeed Behzadipour, Ehsan Pourghayoomi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Elham Shirazi and Angela J. Fawcett Tags: Research Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 9718: Self-Concept in Primary School Student with Dyslexia: The Relationship to Parental Rearing Styles
Wu Huang Dyslexic children may be more likely to form a negative self-concept, especially with poor educational experiences and negative parenting. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the self-concept of Chinese dyslexic children in primary school, and explore the influence factors of self-concept as well as its relationship with parenting style. A total of 50 children with dyslexia and 50 non-dyslexics matched for age, grade and gender participated in the study. We used the Piers-Harris children’s self-concept scale (PHCSS) and the Chinese version of Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran for Chil...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 15, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huang Sun Zhang Lin Lin Wu Huang Tags: Article Source Type: research

Enhanced reading abilities is modulated by faster visual spatial attention
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Sep 12. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00245-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTResearch has shown improved reading following visual magnocellular training in individuals with dyslexia. Many studies have demonstrated how the magnocellular pathway controls visual spatial attention. Therefore, we have investigated the relationship between magnocellular pathway and visual spatial attention deficits in dyslexia in order to better understand how magnocellular-based interventions may help children to learn to read. Magnocellular function, visual spatial attention, and reading abilities of thirty elementary school stude...
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Leila Ebrahimi Hamidreza Pouretemad John Stein Ebrahim Alizadeh Ali Khatibi Source Type: research

Ok Google: Using virtual assistants for data collection in psychological and behavioral research
Behav Res Methods. 2021 Sep 10. doi: 10.3758/s13428-021-01629-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBecause of the increasing popularity of voice-controlled virtual assistants, such as Amazon's Alexa and Google Assistant, they should be considered a new medium for psychological and behavioral research. We developed Survey Mate, an extension of Google Assistant, and conducted two studies to analyze the reliability and validity of data collected through this medium. In the first study, we assessed validated procrastination and shyness scales as well as social desirability indicators for both the virtual assistant and an online qu...
Source: Behavior Research Methods - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Philipp Sprengholz Cornelia Betsch Source Type: research

Delaying Feedback Compensates for Impaired Reinforcement Learning in Developmental Dyslexia
Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2021 Sep 8:107518. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2021.107518. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA theoretical framework suggests that developmental dyslexia is characterized by abnormalities in brain structures underlying the procedural learning and memory systems while the declarative learning and memory systems are presumed to remain intact or even enhanced. This notion has been supported by a substantial body of research, which focused on each system independently. However, less attention has been paid to interactions between these memory systems which may provide insights as to learning situations and conditions ...
Source: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory - September 11, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Yafit Gabay Source Type: research

Ok Google: Using virtual assistants for data collection in psychological and behavioral research
Behav Res Methods. 2021 Sep 10. doi: 10.3758/s13428-021-01629-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBecause of the increasing popularity of voice-controlled virtual assistants, such as Amazon's Alexa and Google Assistant, they should be considered a new medium for psychological and behavioral research. We developed Survey Mate, an extension of Google Assistant, and conducted two studies to analyze the reliability and validity of data collected through this medium. In the first study, we assessed validated procrastination and shyness scales as well as social desirability indicators for both the virtual assistant and an online qu...
Source: Behavior Research Methods - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Philipp Sprengholz Cornelia Betsch Source Type: research

Delaying Feedback Compensates for Impaired Reinforcement Learning in Developmental Dyslexia
Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2021 Sep 8:107518. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2021.107518. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA theoretical framework suggests that developmental dyslexia is characterized by abnormalities in brain structures underlying the procedural learning and memory systems while the declarative learning and memory systems are presumed to remain intact or even enhanced. This notion has been supported by a substantial body of research, which focused on each system independently. However, less attention has been paid to interactions between these memory systems which may provide insights as to learning situations and conditions ...
Source: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory - September 11, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Yafit Gabay Source Type: research

The resilience of the developing reading system: multi-modal evidence of incident and recovery after a pediatric stroke
We report on a 14-year-old female with temporary dyslexia after a left ventral occipitotemporal ischemic stroke. Our longitudinal multimodal findings show that the resolution of the reading impairment was associated with heightened activity in the left posterior superior and inferior temporal gyri. Our findings highlight the role of the left inferior temporal gyrus in reading and the importance of perilesional and ipsilateral cortical areas for functional recovery after childhood stroke.PMID:34503393 | DOI:10.1080/13554794.2021.1957119
Source: Neurocase - September 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: V Borghesani C Wang C Miller M L Mandelli K Shapiro Z Miller C Fox N F Dronkers M L Gorno-Tempini C Watson Source Type: research

Categorical perception and influence of attention on neural consistency in response to speech sounds in adults with dyslexia
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Sep 8. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00241-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDevelopmental dyslexia is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with alterations in the behavioral and neural processing of speech sounds, but the scope and nature of that association is uncertain. It has been proposed that more variable auditory processing could underlie some of the core deficits in this disorder. In the current study, magnetoencephalography (MEG) data were acquired from adults with and without dyslexia while they passively listened to or actively categorized tokens from a /ba/-/da/ consonant continu...
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - September 8, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: T M Centanni S D Beach O Ozernov-Palchik S May D Pantazis J D E Gabrieli Source Type: research

Coarse or fine? Grain size and morpho-orthographic segmentation in struggling readers
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Sep 7. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00240-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMorpho-orthographic segmentation, rapid parsing of complex written words into their morphological components, is a potential source of difference in word recognition between struggling and typical readers. Although typical readers use morpho-semantic representations and morpho-orthographic segmentation in processing morphologically complex words, struggling readers typically rely on morpho-semantic processes involving coarse-grained processing of whole-word units rather than morpho-orthographic segmentation involving fine-grained lette...
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - September 7, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Lindsay Rosenberg Richard S Kruk Source Type: research

Clinical profile of reading ability and reading and writing achievement of children with borderline full-scale intellectual quotient: a prospective study
Poor reading ability is one of the common causes of low academic performance. In previous studies, children with dyslexia were found to demonstrate poor academic achievement due to poor reading ability. Howeve...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - September 7, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Riyo Ueda, Yoshimi Kaga, Yosuke Kita, Eiji Nakagawa, Takashi Okada and Masumi Inagaki Tags: Research Source Type: research

The lexical status of verbs among typical and dyslexic native Arabic readers: a developmental model
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Sep 5. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00243-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe goal of this study was to investigate the development of mental lexicon organization among typical and dyslexic native Arabic readers. The participants included 271 students, divided into dyslexic readers, age-matched typical readers, and typical readers 2 years younger. The lexical status of root and pattern morphemes was examined using two priming paradigms: masked priming and the cross-modal immediate repetition task. We conducted two visual lexical decision tasks (Experiment 1 for verb pattern, Experiment 3 for verb roots), and...
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - September 5, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Salim Abu Rabia Haneen Wattad Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 9344: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Students ’ Mental Health and Sleep in Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: This study has provided evidence that a lower level of psychological resilience and insomnia were associated with mental health problems among undergraduate students in Saudi Arabia, thus enhancing psychological resilience and interventions to support sleep and mental health are vital to support student well-being outcomes throughout the pandemic.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 4, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Azizah Alyoubi Elizabeth J. Halstead Zoe Zambelli Dagmara Dimitriou Tags: Article Source Type: research

Atypical beta power fluctuation while listening to an isochronous sequence in dyslexia
CONCLUSIONS: Atypical beta power fluctuation might reflect deficits in perceiving and tracking auditory rhythm in dyslexia.SIGNIFICANCE: These findings extend our understanding of atypical neural activities for tracking rhythm in dyslexia and could inspire novel methods to objectively measure the benefits of training, and predict potential benefit of auditory rhythmic rehabilitation programs on an individual basis.PMID:34454265 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2021.05.037
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - August 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Andrew Chang Nathalie Bedoin Laure-Helene Canette Sylvie Nozaradan Dave Thompson Alexandra Corneyllie Barbara Tillmann Laurel J Trainor Source Type: research

Difficulties of Young Adults With Dyslexia in Reading and Writing Numbers
This study examined this issue in a group of 30 young adults with a diagnosis of dyslexia, without any concurrent specific difficulty in processing quantities compared with a typically developing group matched for gender, age, university attended and course of studies, and approximate calculation ability. The results showed that adults with dyslexia also have severe difficulty in reading and writing numbers. It emerged that their number reading speed correlated moderately with word reading speed. We concluded that dyslexia is specifically related with difficulties in reading and writing not only alphabetic material, but al...
Source: Journal of Learning Disabilities - August 21, 2021 Category: Disability Authors: Cesare Cornoldi Carlotta Rivella Lorena Montesano Enrico Toffalini Source Type: research

Correction to: Facial speech processing in children with and without dyslexia
Ann Dyslexia. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s11881-021-00237-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34312812 | DOI:10.1007/s11881-021-00237-x
Source: Annals of Dyslexia - July 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Martyna A Galazka Nouchine Hadjikhani Maria Sundqvist Jakob Åsberg Johnels Source Type: research