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Total 3439 results found since Jan 2013.

The psychophysiology of "covert" goal-directed behavior
Prog Brain Res. 2023;280:17-42. doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2023.01.006. Epub 2023 Mar 9.ABSTRACTCovert behavior is defined as behavior that is not directly visible and is thus comparable to a type of behavioral silence that requires modern psychophysiological techniques to reveal. Goal-directed behavior is teleologically purposive. Fundamentally, there are two approaches to accounting for purposeful behavior. One is the cybernetic approach, which views behavior as homeostatic and largely reflexive. The other one views behavior as a cognitive process that involves an interaction between neural events representing the previous expe...
Source: Brain Research - September 15, 2023 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Augusto Chiarenza Source Type: research

Advocate for Dyslexic and Neurodiverse Updates Book Highlighting Learning Disabilities and Early Detection
Trailblazer and Alice Garside Award Winner Nancy Lelewer gives hope to families struggling with special needs BOSTON, Sept. 12, 2023 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- In 2004, the Massachusetts branch of the International Dyslexia Association awarded Nancy Lelewer the Alice Garside Award for her...
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - September 12, 2023 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: DIS Source Type: news

Can ChatGPT empower people with dyslexia?
Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2023 Sep 12:1-2. doi: 10.1080/17483107.2023.2256805. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:37697967 | DOI:10.1080/17483107.2023.2256805
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 12, 2023 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bhuvan Botchu Karthikeyan P Iyengar Rajesh Botchu Source Type: research

Misophonia in Children and Adolescents: Age Differences, Risk Factors, Psychiatric and Psychological Correlates. A Pilot Study with Mothers' Involvement
Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2023 Sep 8. doi: 10.1007/s10578-023-01593-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMisophonia is a type of disorder characterized by decreased sound tolerance. While it typically begins in childhood, research on its characteristics in this population is limited. We assessed 90 children aged 7-18 with and without misophonia, along with their mothers, using interviews, questionnaires, and performance-based tests. Younger children with misophonia were more likely to use aggression in response to triggers than older, while adolescents largely reported self-harm during triggers. Children with misophonia did no...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 8, 2023 Category: Child Development Authors: Marta Siepsiak Anna Turek Magdalena Micha łowska Ma łgorzata Gambin Wojciech Łukasz Dragan Source Type: research

Conceptions and Misconceptions: What Do School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists Think About Dyslexia?
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that many school-based SLPs hold misconceptions about dyslexia, especially those related to dyslexia being a visual disorder. The identified misconceptions may contribute to some SLPs' reluctance to incorporate reading and prereading skills into speech-language assessment and intervention. SLPs need greater knowledge of dyslexia to provide more effective evaluations and intervention services.PMID:37672782 | DOI:10.1044/2023_LSHSS-22-00199
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - September 6, 2023 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hannah Krimm Jena McDaniel C Melanie Schuele Source Type: research

Dyslexia-related loci are significantly associated with language and literacy in Chinese –English bilingual Hong Kong Chinese twins
This study explores the genetic overlap between Chinese and English word reading, vocabulary knowledge and spelling, and aims at replicating the association in a unique cohort of bilingual (Chinese –English) Hong Kong Chinese twins. Our result showed an almost complete genetic overlap in vocabulary knowledge (r2 = 0.995), and some genetic overlaps in word reading and spelling (r2 = 0.846, 0.687) across the languages. To investigate the region near rs2624839, we tested proxy SNPs (rs1005678, rs12632110 and rs12494414) at the population level (n = 305–308) and the within-twin level (n = 342–344 [171–1...
Source: Human Genetics - September 5, 2023 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research