Quality of wheelchair services as perceived by users in rural Bangalore district, India: a cross-sectional survey.
This study investigated the current state of wheelchair services in Bangalore Rural district, as provided by Bangalore Baptist Hospital, and identified areas for improvement. METHOD: a cross-sectional survey was held among 50 wheelchair users. Data was collected on demographics, satisfaction, wheelchair skills and level of disability using QUEST, WST-Q and CHART-SF questionnaires. RESULT: Overall satisfaction can be described as more or less satisfied, scoring 3.8 out of 5. Wheelchair users were less satisfied with the services compared to the wheelchair itself. The skills a wheelchair users had were strongly cor...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Geilen BG, de Witte L, Norman G, George CE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Impact of the FindMyApps program on people with mild cognitive impairment or dementia and their caregivers; an exploratory pilot randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: No statistical significant group differences on the outcomes were found. Small to moderate effect-sizes in favour of the FindMyApps group were found for self-management and social participation. Caregivers tended to have more positive care experiences. Subgroup analyses showed that people older than 70 benefitted more from FindMyApps regarding self-management and higher educated people benefitted more regarding social participation. FindMyApps is feasible for the target group and may have potential to improve self-management and social participation. For a future definitive effectiveness trial a larger sample ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Beentjes KM, Neal DP, Kerkhof YJF, Broeder C, Moeridjan ZDJ, Ettema TP, Pelkmans W, Muller MM, Graff MJL, Dröes RM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Exploring change in young children's power mobility skill following several months' experience.
Abstract PURPOSE: To measure and compare progression in children's power mobility skill among process and task-based measures following a loan of one of four early power mobility devices. Additionally, to explore different power mobility learner groups and skill development trajectories. METHODS: In this pre-post study, children were purposefully sampled and power mobility skill was measured from video taken pre-post several months' experience (mean 192.40; SD 42.79 days) using the Assessment of Learning Powered mobility use (ALP) and two task-based measures. Associations among power mobility skill mea...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Livingstone RW, Field DA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Can google glass ™ technology improve freezing of gait in parkinsonism? A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: This feasibility study provides preliminary data suggesting that some walking tasks may improve with GG, which uses various musical dance programs to provide visual and auditory cueing for patients with FOG. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Freezing of gait in parkinsonian syndromes is a disabling motor block described by patients as having their feet stuck to the floor leading to difficulty in initiation of gait and increased risk for falls. Wearable assistive devices such as Google Glass™ use visual and auditory cueing that may improve gait pattern in patients with freezing of gait. Augmented reality pro...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lee A, Hellmers N, Vo M, Wang F, Popa P, Barkan S, Patel D, Campbell C, Henchcliffe C, Sarva H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the feasibility of an error-minimized approach to powered wheelchair skills training using shared control.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with mild to moderate cognitive impairment are able to learn the skills required to drive a powered wheelchair in as few as six training sessions. Further evaluation of the Co-pilot training program is required. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Shared control teleoperation technology may be used to augment learning in older adults with cognitive impairments. Evaluation of the feasibility of use of novel rehabilitation technologies is critical prior to engaging in large-scale clinical research. Individuals with cognitive impairment are able to learn the required skills for operation of a powered whee...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Smith EM, Miller WC, Mitchell I, Mortenson WB, Mihailidis A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Emergency siren detection technology and hearing impairment: a systematized literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: So far, few technologies have been identified, and most of them are in the laboratory development stage (i.e., low product readiness level). These results indicate a justified need for the development of new in-vehicle technologies to detect emergency vehicles and actions to transform the new devices into products that are available for people with hearing impairment. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION There is a need to design new assistive technology devices that are intended to detect emergency service vehicles, which in turn may reduce stress and anxiety related to driving for people with hearing impairment. ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bubar A, Eckstein B, Ell A, Hilts E, Martin S, Powell T, Miguel Cruz A, Rios Rincon A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Robot dramas may improve joint attention of Chinese-speaking low-functioning children with autism: stepped wedge trials.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), especially those with low cognitive functioning, have deficits in joint attention. Previous research has found that these children are interested in engaging with social robots. PURPOSE: In the present study, we designed a robot drama intervention for promoting responses to joint attention abilities (RJA) of children with low-functioning autism (IQs
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: So WC, Cheng CH, Law WW, Wong T, Lee C, Kwok FY, Lee SH, Lam KY Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Neural decoding of continuous upper limb movements: a meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: EEG-based motion trajectory decoding makes a promising approach for neurotechnology which can be used for neural control of motion reconstruction and neurorehabilitation tools. However, the feasibility and validity of continuous motion decoding by non-invasive brain activity are not clear. The main aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis across studies that examined the ability of EEG-based continuous motion decoding of upper limb movements. APPROACH: Pearson's correlation coefficient (CC) was used to evaluate the model performance of the studies and considered as an effect size. ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Khaliq Fard M, Fallah A, Maleki A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Motivate-to-move: development of an intervention promoting parental adherence to early power mobility programs.
CONCLUSIONS: The parent-based MI interventions developed in this project may help to increase parental adherence to home-based early power mobility programs, thereby potentially addressing an identified barrier to implementation of early power mobility programs. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION To our knowledge, this is the first study to develop MI scripts for the purpose of increasing parental/caregiver adherence to a power mobility training program for children. The MI interventions developed in this study are consistent with published suggestions to address perceived barriers to the implementation of early power mobilit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kenyon LK, Krajenka VM, Lach K, VanBeek H, Williams B, Bower Russa M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Designing an adaptive shade above the wheelchair.
Conclusion: This manually operated adaptive shade can be greatly used with a wheelchair in the area where rain is very common and it stays for a long time. The injured people or the patients can use this adaptive shade with a wheelchair and can perform their daily activities like a normal person. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION This new and innovative idea about adaptive shade on the wheelchair can give the researchers an area to think about how they can improve more than 75 million people's lifestyles and make them self-dependent who are unable to walk. The proposed designed shade can give protection to the people who hav...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chowdhury S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the quality and the provision process of wheelchairs in Germany. Results from an online survey.
CONCLUSION: The presented cross-sectional study results give an important overview about the user satisfaction with the quality and provision process of wheelchairs. A longitudinal study accompanying users during the provision process is being recommended as a more in-depth study. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Low durability and adaptability were identified as main issues regarding wheelchair quality. Waiting times for wheelchairs were perceived as too long by the users and make up the main factor for low satisfaction with the wheelchair provision process. Reduced waiting times for wheelchairs (especially for electric wh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 9, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Perotti L, Klebbe R, Maier A, Eicher C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Patient experience using digital therapy "Vigo" for stroke patient recovery: a qualitative descriptive study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants had a positive attitude towards using tablet tehchnologies in their home environment. Users of digital assistant "Vigo" acknowledged its ability to support, give educational information and increase participation in therapeutic activities. Implications for rehabilitation Tablet application can support, give educational information, and increase participation in therapeutic activities for persons after stroke. As home-based rehabilitation tool, the content of the application must be simple, flexible, and diverse, to face the challenges of meeting each individual's goals, functional needs ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Epalte K, Tomsone S, Vētra A, Bērziņa G Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Effects of virtual reality environments on overground walking in people with Parkinson disease and freezing of gait.
CONCLUSIONS: The exacerbation of gait impairments that are characteristic precursors of FoG in FoG-provoking VR environments supports the potential utility of VR technology in the assessment and treatment of gait impairments in PD. Implications for rehabilitation Freezing increases fall risk and reduces quality of life in Parkinson disease (PD). Virtual reality (VR) can simulate visuospatial environments that provoke freezing. Immersive VR doorway, hallway, and crowd environments were developed. Gait speed slowed when people with PD walked overground in all VR environments. Step variability and festination increased in fre...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yamagami M, Imsdahl S, Lindgren K, Bellatin O, Nhan N, Burden SA, Pradhan S, Kelly VE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Functional impact of augmentative and alternative communication scale: development of an outcome measure for educators of students with complex communication needs.
CONCLUSION: The study provides emerging evidence that supports the FIAAC-E scale as a reliable way to evaluate communicative participation in children and youth who use AAC systems at school. Implications for rehabilitation Using a reliable means to measure the effectiveness of AAC for children and youth at school may reveal important factors that influence successful communicative, academic, and social participation in school. The FIAAC-E scale is a promising educator-reported questionnaire to inform the development of communication goals and monitor progress towards meeting these goals for students with complex communica...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ryan SE, Shepherd TA, Renzoni AM, D'Alessandro D, Oh A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

What facilitates the acceptance of technology to promote social participation in later life? A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: These findings can help health care professionals to make better decisions when deciding to recommend technology for their older clients. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Acceptance of technology to promote social participation in later life is a multi-complex process. There is no "one size fits all" approach, a person-centered intervention must be used. When introducing new technologies, using an adapted/tailored training approach could potentially increase self-efficacy in using technology. Rehabilitation professionals' misconceptions concerning the use of technology in later life can be a barrier to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Benoit-Dubé L, Jean EK, Aguilar MA, Zuniga AM, Bier N, Couture M, Lussier M, Lajoie X, Belchior P Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Potential advantages, barriers, and facilitators of implementing a cognitive orthosis for cooking for individuals with traumatic brain injury: the healthcare providers' perspective.
CONCLUSIONS: Health care providers' perspectives will help develop implementation strategies to facilitate the adoption of COOK within homes and clinical contexts for individuals with TBI and improve the next version of this technology. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION COOK shows a high potential for increasing independence and safety during meal preparation with its sensor-based monitoring of the environment and cognitive-based assistance, for adults with TBI. Comprehensive clinical assessments to identify individuals' therapeutic goals, clinical characteristics, and living environments are necessary to facilitate the depl...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zarshenas S, Couture M, Bier N, Giroux S, Pigot H, Dawson D, Nalder E, Gagnon-Roy M, Le Dorze G, Poncet F, McKenna S, Zabjek K, Bottari C, Canadian Traumatic Brain Injury Research Consortium Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Refining the design of a smartphone application for people with chronic low back pain using mixed quantitative and qualitative approaches.
CONCLUSIONS: This study described how we refined the design of our application for people with chronic NSLBP using a qualitative and quantitative approaches. This methodology allows for deepening the knowledge of the needs and expectations of potential users by measuring their user experience. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) is a major global public health issue leading to considerable economic cost and is primarily responsible for pain and disability. Mobile application has the potential to involve people with chronic NSLBP in their rehabilitation. This study described how we refined the...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Grolier M, Arefyev A, Pereira B, Tavares Figueiredo I, Gerbaud L, Coudeyre E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Moral distress and ethical decision-making of eldercare professionals involved in digital service transformation.
CONCLUSION: Our qualitative analysis showed three recurrent roles among eldercare professionals in regard to digital service transformation; makers, implementers and maintainers. All three encountered challenging and stressful ethical dilemmas due to uncertainty and a lack of control. The matter of power relations, the attempts to standardize digital solutions and the conflict between cost efficiency and if digital care solutions add value for patients, all caused moral dilemmas for eldercare professionals. The findings suggest a need for organizational infrastructure that promotes ethical conduct and behaviour, ethics tra...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Frennert S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary perspectives and practices of wheelchair prescription for children with neuromuscular conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Integrated psychosocial care is needed to support families throughout their child's disease progression, including wheelchair transition. Implementation of readiness for change tools, and development of tailored informational resources is recommended. Improved access to equipment options and trials, and more efficient funding processes are highly likely to improve parental engagement throughout the wheelchair prescription process. Implications for rehabilitation Healthcare professionals express a strong demand for integrated psychosocial care within paediatric neuromuscular clinics to support families througho...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Paguinto SG, Kasparian NA, Bray P, Farrar M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A map of assistive technology educative instruments in neurodevelopmental disorders.
CONCLUSION: It is important that therapists choose the instrument that will offer the best approach towards the goal that is set. Future research could provide evidence based data, evaluating each specific methodology and tailoring each therapeutic approach specifically to a case. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Technology creates environments in which children could practice and learn in a safer, more predictable and pleasant manner. Assistive Technologies provide the opportunity for better acquisition of selfhelp skills and the power of social interaction for individuals with disabilities. By mapping out the wide array o...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - October 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pontikas CM, Tsoukalas E, Serdari A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Hearing aid affordability in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: Hearing aids were unaffordable for three-fourths of Americans with functional hearing loss, and their purchase would result in impoverishment for hundreds of thousands of individuals. Reductions in out-of-pocket hearing aid costs to $500 or $1000 would alleviate affordability issues for many Americans with hearing loss. Future federal and state policy should address poor rates of insurance coverage for hearing care, specifically among Medicare and Medicaid, to reduce out-of-pocket costs for hearing care particularly for older adults. Implications for rehabilitation An average out-of-pocket hearing care cost of...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - October 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jilla AM, Johnson CE, Huntington-Klein N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Occupational therapy utilisation of apps in practice in the United States.
Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this cross-sectional research study was to explore the use of apps by occupational therapy practitioners in the United States to gain a more complete overview of utilisation and perceived effectiveness, and assess trends by population served, practice setting, occupation addressed, and client deficit. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 160 self-identified occupational therapy practitioners, 126 occupational therapists and 34 occupational therapy assistants, recruited through snowball sampling on social media participated in this 26-question survey available for two weeks on...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - October 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Davis-Cheshire R, Cogar C, Collier D, Deriveau W, Kunkel E, Mouser H, Newhouse J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

People with intellectual and visual disabilities access basic leisure and communication using a smartphone's Google Assistant and voice recording devices.
CONCLUSION: The new technology system may be a useful resource to help people like the participants of this study access basic leisure and communication independently. Implications for rehabilitation A technology system relying on commercial devices may be practical and acceptable in daily programs for persons with intellectual and other disabilities. Such system may be used for supporting the persons' independent leisure engagement and communication with distant partners. A system may be accessible to persons with significant disabilities if the responses needed to operate it are simple. Simple hand-pressure responses may...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - October 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lancioni GE, Singh NN, O'Reilly MF, Sigafoos J, Alberti G, Chiariello V, Desideri L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The efficacy of appropriate paper-based technology for Kenyan children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: APT devices used in Kenyan children with non-ambulant CP had a meaningful positive effect on both the children's and their families' lives. Implications for rehabilitation Assistive devices are often unobtainable for children with cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income countries. APT is a low cost and sustainable solution to make seating and standing devices for disabled children in Kenya. The regular use of a postural support device enhanced the children's motor skills, ability to function and participate in everyday activities, reduced the burden of care for the families and promoted the children's social interac...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - October 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Barton C, Buckley J, Samia P, Williams F, Taylor SR, Lindoewood R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A survey of research trends in assistive technologies using information modelling techniques.
CONCLUSIONS: The manuscript concludes the fact that assistive technologies for rehabilitation are experiencing a transition from standalone mechanical devices towards smart, wearable and connected devices. Implications for Rehabilitation Customized assistive devices could be programmed for multiple uses. User data privacy and internet dependency of smart assistive technologies must be taken care of while designing smart assistive devices for rehabilitation. Fog devices could eliminate the latency issues associated with cloud-based rehabilitation services. PMID: 32996798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dis...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Modi N, Singh J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Preparing participants for the use of the tongue visual sensory substitution device.
CONCLUSIONS: The information on the training progression would be of interest to researchers preparing studies, and to eye care professionals, who may advise patients to use SSDs. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION There are large individual differences in how far and how fast each participant can learn to use a visual-to-tactile sensory substitution device for a variety of tasks. Recognition is mainly achieved through top-down processing with prior knowledge about the possible responses. Therefore, the generalizability is still questionable. Users develop different strategies in order to succeed in training tasks. PMID:...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pamir Z, Jung JH, Peli E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Technology acceptance and perceptions of robotic assistive devices by older adults - implications for exoskeleton design.
Conclusions: Emerging technologies such as robotic assistive devices require a specific enquiry to understand how best to optimise acceptance by older adults and avoid feelings by them of frustration, embarrassment and ultimately abandonment of these devices. Implications for rehabilitation Older adults frequently require rehabilitation and assistance with ambulation Exoskeletons are forms of assistive technologies for rehabilitation, and they are moving from clinical use to more day care use, including as part of daily living These results help explain factors related to the perception of exoskeletons by older adults, whi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shore L, de Eyto A, O'Sullivan L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Technology for maintaining oral care after stroke: considerations for patient-centered practice.
CONCLUSION: The available device and technologies may help substantially with the accommodations needed for post-stroke oral care, improving the oral health of stroke survivors. Good oral health confers benefit to overall health and well-being and could enhance recovery and rehabilitation outcomes. Nonetheless, more research is necessary to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of technology in stroke contexts. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Oral care may be challenging after stroke due to patient fatigue, hemiparesis, cognitive impairments, and other impaired body functions. Poor oral hygiene may impact stroke re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gurgel-Juarez N, Egan M, Wiseman M, Finestone H, Flowers HL Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Usability and task load comparison between a robotic assisted transfer device and a mechanical floor lift during caregiver assisted transfers on a care recipient.
Conclusions: The RATD represents a promising new intervention for transferring and handling care recipients who use wheelchairs. However, while caregivers report reduced physical demand and discomfort, more work is required to advance the ease of the human machine interface, the amount of space allowed for the robot to operate, and the ability of the care recipient to operate the technology independently. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Caregivers report significant physical and mental stress while transferring clients in and out of a wheelchair. Clinical standard transfer equipment is limited in the space which it can be ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Greenhalgh M, Blaauw E, Deepak N, St Laurent COLM, Cooper R, Bendixen R, Koontz AM, Cooper RA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Assistive technology accommodations for post-secondary students with mental health disabilities: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Future research is needed on outcomes of AT implementation in this population and to explore the apparent lack of awareness of these supports by students and service providers, as evidenced by the limited research identified by this scoping review. Implications for rehabilitation There appears to be a gap in access to assistive technology (AT) to students with mental health disabilities, except when the student has concurrent physical or learning disabilities These students have additional barriers as they have little or no prior knowledge of AT, having not been previously identified in high school as needing ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ko S, Petty LS Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Recommendations for studies on dynamic arm support devices in people with neuromuscular disorders: a scoping review with expert-based discussion.
CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to, first, integrate multiple ICF model components and contextual constructs within one study design. Second, include the influence of environmental and personal factors when developing and deploying a device. Third, include short-term and long-term measurements to monitor adaptations over time. Finally, include user satisfaction as guidance to evaluate the device effectiveness. IMPLICATIONS ON REHABILITATION Synthesized evidence will support future research and development of dynamic arm supports. Tabulated evidence stresses the importance of integrating ICF model components and contextual c...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 25, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Essers JMN, Murgia A, Peters AA, Janssen MMHP, Meijer K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Measurement properties of wheelchair use assessment tools in adults with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay.
CONCLUSIONS: The WST-Q-F and the WheelCon-F have excellent test-retest reliability, acceptable measurement errors, and support for construct validity in adults with ARSACS. This study was the first to evaluate these assessment tools in this population, and the results support a need to implement wheelchair skills training interventions in this population. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION The WST-Q-F version 5.0 and the WheelCon-F Short Form are reliable and valid assessment tools to measure manual and powered wheelchair skills and self-efficacy in adults with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 25, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bourassa J, Best KL, Gagnon C, Hébert LJ, Brais B, Routhier F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Measure It Super Simple (MISS) activity tracker: (re)design of a user-friendly interface and evaluation of experiences in daily life.
CONCLUSIONS: This study offers a generic structured methodology and a list of design requirements to adapt the interface of an existing activity tracker consistent with the skills and needs of the elderly. The MISS activity seemed to be successfully (re)designed, like the elderly who participated in this pilot study reported that anyone should be able to use it. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION This study provides an overview of important characteristics of the activity tracker interface for elderly individuals that can be used when choosing an appropriate activity tracker. This study can serve as a model that demonstrates ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ummels D, Braun S, Stevens A, Beekman E, Beurskens A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Towards coherence across global initiatives in assistive technology.
PMID: 32960650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology.)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Layton N, MacLachlan M, Smith RO, Scherer M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

First experiences of communication with mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit using eye-tracking technology.
CONCLUSION: Mechanically ventilated ICU and IMC patients are able to use ET in a very short time for communication to indicate their basic needs, answer rating scales and pain scores as well as questionnaires about quality of life and self-esteem. Implications for rehabilitation COMFORT - The novel communication device improves the patients' ability to communicate with the attending physicians, physiotherapists and nurses in order to provide a tailored rehabilitation approach. COMPLIANCE - The use of the eye-tracking technology enables the patients to communicate special needs and fears during the course of the rehabilitat...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ull C, Weckwerth C, Schildhauer TA, Hamsen U, Gaschler R, Waydhas C, Jansen O Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The role of assistive technology devices in fostering the participation and learning of students with visual impairment in higher education institutions in Tanzania.
CONCLUSIONS: The study found that students with visual impairment were well-acquainted with the meaning of assistive technology. However, their knowledge was limited to the assistive technology devices available at their institution. Most of the students with visual impairment emerged as dependent users of assistive technology devices, who depend on the support of either sighted students or a more skilled person. The study further established that the institution under review has only a few basic assistive technology devices, at the disposal of students. The study also established the benefits of assistive technology for s...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kisanga SE, Kisanga DH Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Design of an adjustable wheelchair for table tennis participation.
CONCLUSIONS: Para table tennis has some specific requirements related to movements and posture which were improved by a new wheelchair design specific for the sport. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Many adaptive sports are improved with sport specific technology. A model client was used to develop a wheelchair specifically for adaptive table tennis. The height and angle of the seat of the new wheelchair can be adjusted for optimal stability and reach. The casters of the new wheelchair can be locked to allow only forward and backward motion. PMID: 32951495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Reh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Duvall J, Gebrosky B, Ruffing J, Anderson A, Ong SS, McDonough R, Cooper RA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Does the purpose matter? A comparison of everyday information and communication technologies between eHealth use and general use as perceived by older adults with cognitive impairment.
This study aims to compare how older adults with cognitive impairment perceive relevance and level of EICT challenge between eHealth use and general use. METHODS: This cross-sectional study includes 32 participants (65-85 years of age) with cognitive impairment of different origins (due to e.g., stroke or dementia). The Short Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire+ (S-ETUQ+) was used, providing information about the relevance of EICTs and measuring the EICT level of challenge. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, standardized z-tests and Fisher's exact tests. The significance level was set to p 
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jakobsson E, Nygård L, Kottorp A, Bråkenhielm Olsson C, Malinowsky C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

"Re-identifying yourself": a qualitative study of veteran views on implantable BCI for mobility and communication in ALS.
CONCLUSION: The interest in BCI and views on ethical issues raised by BCI is moderated by the experience of living with ALS. The findings from this study can help guide the development of implantable BCI technology for persons with ALS. Implications for rehabilitation Loved ones will play crucial roles in helping patients think through the possible benefits and burdens of getting a BCI device. Providers should consider how the ideal timing for getting an implantable BCI device will vary based on the priorities of persons with ALS and their disease stage. Concerns about social stigma, burden of adjustment, and the desire to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Versalovic E, Diamond M, Klein E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Novel lateral transfer assist robot decreases the difficulty of transfer in post-stroke hemiparesis patients: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Transfer with a lateral transfer assist robot is easier than with wheelchair and facilitates independence in post-stroke hemiparesis patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Transfer skill influences the functional independence and quality of life of a wheelchair user A novel structural mobility device-the lateral transfer assist robot (LTAR)-can facilitate transfers The LTAR could improve the degree of independence for transfers than the wheelchair, without any time loss, in post-stroke hemiparesis patients The LTAR could potentially reduce the risk for falls in various medical and care facilities. PMID...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Koyama S, Tanabe S, Otaka Y, Kato T, Furuzawa S, Tatemoto T, Kumazawa N, Yoshimuta H, Torii K, Tsukada S, Saitoh E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Smartphone apps for transportation by people with intellectual disabilities: are they really helpful in improving their mobility?
CONCLUSIONS: The paper also discusses the implications for practice and presents some useful recommendations, including the need for family support and government assistance. Implications for rehabilitation Smartphone apps introduced specifically for transportation can be extensively supportive for individuals with intellectual disabilities prominently in terms of ease of use, low cost and flexible navigation. It is found that smartphone apps for transportation have been contributory in fulfilling the mobility requirements of intellectually disabled people. Transportation apps like Careem and Uber are very much popular in ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alanazi A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Physiotherapy students' perspectives on the use and implementation of exoskeletons as a rehabilitative technology in clinical settings.
CONCLUSION: This study highlights current challenges surrounding exoskeleton implementation into clinical practice and provides direction for future exoskeleton development. Implications for rehabilitation Physiotherapy students view exoskeletons as a potentially valuable rehabilitation tool once perceived limitations are addressed. This study encourages collaboration between physiotherapists and biomedical engineers for future exoskeleton development. More research is needed to inform treatment parameters and appropriate client criteria to guide exoskeleton use for gait rehabilitation. PMID: 32928001 [PubMed - as sup...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zabel S, Lockhart Z, Badiani N, Cornish J, Falzon L, Flis A, Patterson K, Gregor S, Vaughan-Graham J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Usability of smartphone apps as reading aids for low vision patients.
CONCLUSIONS: All tested apps provided improvement in VA and reading performance, with proven usability. Free smartphone apps for magnification should be considered in reading rehabilitation programmes for low vision patients. Implications for rehabilitation Reading is essential for performing productive daily activities and for full participation in modern society, being a clinical indicator of visual function and quality of life. Difficulty in reading is one of the main complaints of low vision patients referred for visual rehabilitation. Smartphone apps for magnification and readability optimization of printed texts may ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: da Silva PBE, Leal AS, Ferraz NN Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

User-centred design, evaluation, and refinement of a wireless power wheelchair charging system.
CONCLUSIONS: Careful application of user-centred design principles is essential to the successful development of usable assistive technology devices, particularly for target populations with complex disabilities. The diverse perspectives of all relevant stakeholders must be considered and synthesized to produce a practical and usable solution. Implications for rehabilitation Battery charge is a constant and critical concern for power wheelchair users. Many power wheelchair users cannot independently use and monitor existing chargers. A wireless wheelchair charging system was developed to alleviate this issue. Sustained use...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Philips GR, Clark C, Wallace J, Coopmans C, Pantic Z, Bodine C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Evaluation of rolling resistance in manual wheelchair wheels and casters using drum-based testing.
Abstract PURPOSE: Rolling resistance is a drag force that increases the required propulsion force of manual wheelchair users (MWU) and increases the risk of upper extremity pain and injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To understand the influence of different design, environmental, and setup factors on rolling resistance (RR), a series of tests were performed on a range of wheels and casters using a drum-based equipment with the capability to measure RR forces. Independent factors were varied including load, camber, toe, speed, tire pressure, and surface, using ranges anticipated in the community. Combined factor t...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ott J, Wilson-Jene H, Koontz A, Pearlman J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A glimpse into smartphone screen reader use among blind teenagers in rural Nepal.
CONCLUSIONS: One implication of the findings is that smartphone accessibility features training material needs to be made easily available to schools and all disabled youth worldwide, as smartphones are increasingly becoming available in low-income remote regions with low literacy rates. The built-in accessibility features of smartphones promise disabled youth a non-stigmatizing platform for social participation and access to the information society. Implications for Rehabilitation The built-in accessibility features of smartphones provide disabled youth a non-stigmatizing practical platform for social participation and ac...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sankhi P, Sandnes FE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Smart home and communication technology for people with disability: a  scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Smart home and communication technology can improve outcomes for people living with disabilities and complex needs. However, a number of factors impact the successful implementation of technology, including personalization, flexibility and ongoing support to the person with a disability and their close others. Future research should utilize high-quality study designs and established measures of important outcomes for this group. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION There is a broad range of smart home and communication technology devices and systems available that may support the independence and participation of p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jamwal R, Jarman HK, Roseingrave E, Douglas J, Winkler D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of pediatric powered mobility outcome measures.
CONCLUSIONS: The PMP and PM-PT intra and interrater reliability were good to excellent, the ALP inter-rater reliability was good and the convergent validity between all three measures was good to excellent. Implications for rehabilitation There is evidence of validity and reliability for three tests of powered wheelchair proficiency (PMP, PM-PT and ALP). Children using powered mobility, aged 6-18 years, now have outcome measures with empirical evidence that was previously lacking. When time for assessment is limited, the shorter PM-PT can be used instead of the more comprehensive PMP. PMID: 32924663 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gefen N, Rigbi A, Weiss PLT Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Examining social determinants in use of assistive technology for race/ethnic groups of older adults.
This study examined race and ethnic differences in AT use among a nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States. DESIGN: Weighted logistic regression analyses were conducted using the 2012 Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), collected annually by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The study sample included 282,825 non-Hispanic White, African American, Asian and non-White Hispanic older adults. Activity limitation, health care access, overall health status and sociodemographic characteristics were included as variables in the analysis. Interaction analyses wer...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 9, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chan KT, Marsack-Topolewski C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

"I was like intoxicated with this positivity": the politics of hope amongst participants in a trial of a novel spinal cord injury rehabilitation technology in South Africa.
CONCLUSIONS: For clinicians, the path between supporting positive emotions (which may lead to positive outcomes), and confronting unrealistic hope (which may lead to negative outcomes) may be difficult. Follow-up with participants after re-integration into their communities is important to determine long-term psychological impact. Pan African Clinical Trial Number: PACTR201608001647143 IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION In low-resource contexts where there is a low level of access to rehabilitation services, such access in the context of a trial of a new intervention may engender hope in a group of people with spinal cord inj...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Evans RW, Bantjes J, Shackleton CL, West S, Derman W, Albertus Y, Swartz L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research