A novel design and implementation of wheelchair navigation system using Leap Motion sensor.
Conclusions: The promising results obtained from prototype testing suggest the possibility of real-life application of this wheelchair navigation system, which can greatly assist amputee users and rehabilitation patients.Implications for rehabilitationA novel wheelchair navigations system designed to facilitate amputee users, stroke patients and rehabilitation patients.The proposed system eliminates the reliance on finger movements, is gaze independent, and does not require voice or gesture control, creating much more freedom for users undergoing specific medical conditions or still under rehabilitation or treatment.Result...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fereidouni S, Sheikh Hassani M, Talebi A, Rezaie AH Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Designing ApplTree: usable scheduling software for people with cognitive impairments.
CONCLUSIONS: Feedback provided insight into future considerations when designing reminding apps and using them in neuropsychological rehabilitation. This work highlights the benefit of user-led research into accessible design and use of assistive technologies. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION "Unsolicited" push prompts are an easy to implement feature of reminding technology that is useful and acceptable for people with ABI in community rehabilitation. Observations provide insights about how people with ABI make use of reminding apps over time. This can inform those designing apps or providing reminding technology...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jamieson M, Cullen B, Lennon M, Brewster S, Evans J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A comparative study of an assistive e-learning interface among students with and without visual and hearing impairments.
Conclusion: The teachers involved in the study expressed the need for comprehensive cooperation from academic organisations through provision of required support, including technical, financial, and human resources.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe existing e-learning systems in higher educational organizations revealed the need to develop and implement instructional communication features based on technological components to support visual-and hearing-impaired students.The implementation of the accessible e-learning system is an important strategical approach to enhance flexible access to learning contents for all studen...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Farhan W, Razmak J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A novel ergonomic wheelchair reduces bacterial hand contamination.
Abstract Objective: To determine whether bacterial contamination of rider's hands is less with a novel ergonomic wheelchair (EW) than a standard wheelchair (SW). Experimental design: After wheelchair hand rims were disinfected, volunteers wearing nitrile gloves propelled each wheelchair through a standardised "run" in hospital. Post-run cultures were obtained from riders' gloved hands. Bacterial hand counts were compared between runs matched by rider (same rider, different chairs) or time (different riders in each chair, running concurrently), and overall. Setting: Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Car...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Slater BCS, Porter SB, DeVries AS, Johnson JR, Clabots CR, Hansen AH, Goldish GD Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A review: accessible technology through participatory design.
Conclusions: Multidisciplinary communication is necessary to identify problems and propose solutions, and it is essential that people with disabilities collaborate with experts from a range of disciplines to identify problem-solving patterns.Implications for rehabilitationA participatory design can develop a holistic understanding of the participant's motivation and rehabilitation needs. This has provided a grounded basis to offer information about the assistive technology design.A participatory work provides information about the technology design which may finally result in a better understanding of rehabilitation, other...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Quintero C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Implementing music therapy through telehealth: considerations for military populations.
Conclusions: Knowledge gaps and evolving models of creative arts therapies telehealth for military-connected populations are elucidated, with emphasis on clinical and ethical considerations.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONMusic therapy intervention can be successfully adapted to accommodate remote facilitation.Music therapy telehealth has yielded positive participant responses including decrease in pain, anxiety, and depression.Telehealth facilitation is not a deterrent to continued music engagement.Distance delivery of music through digital platforms can support participants on a clinic to community continuum. PMID: 3...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Vaudreuil R, Langston DG, Magee WL, Betts D, Kass S, Levy C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Development of a mobile application to screen and manage fall risks in older people.
Conclusion: The mobile application can be used to screen and manage fall risks in older adults. It may help health providers to identify older adults at low, moderate, and high risks of falls provide education and training to minimise falls and fall-related injuries.Implications for rehabilitationFalls are a major health problem in older people. A great proportion of falls and falls related injuries are preventable.Given the availability and accessibility of various mobile health application and the increasing mobile device usage among older adults, mobile application can be used as a platform for delivering fall preventio...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Taheri-Kharameh Z, Malmgren Fänge A, Ekvall Hansson E, Bashirian S, Heidarimoghadam R, Poorolajal J, Barati M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Assistive device using computer vision and image processing for visually impaired; review and current status.
Conclusion: Various assistive devices for visually impaired are available commercially and several studies indicate further advancement. However, adaptability and trustworthiness are major issues. The primary reason behind this is the low-performance level of the device, feedback, and testing. The secondary reason is commercial availability and poor knowledge of the end-user.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAdvancement in computer science and image processing has paved the way to assist sensory impaired in doing various activities.Assistive technologies play a pivotal role in daily activities of visually impaired by assistin...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Patel K, Parmar B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Promoting clinical best practice in a user-centred design study of an upper limb rehabilitation robot.
Conclusions: The data indicated that use of the device did not result in patient goal-setting and may have resulted in poor movement quality. Therapists expected a higher level of autonomy from the robotic device, and this may have contributed to the above problems. These problems can and should be addressed through modification of both the study design and device to provide more explicit instructions to promote clinical best practice.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONEncouraging clinical best practice when using evaluating prototype devices within a clinical setting is important to ensure that best practice is maintained - a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fong J, Crocher V, Klaic M, Davies K, Rowse A, Sutton E, Tan Y, Oetomo D, Brock K, Galea MP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A systematic review of impairment focussed technology in neurology.
Conclusions: This review identified some of the common neurological impairments across diseases and showed that technology can be beneficial for neurological patients by helping them with everyday living. The review also found that different aspects such as personal aspects of the intended users (e.g., impairments) and physical and environmental context of the task play an essential role in the usefulness of the technology.Implications for rehabilitationNeurological diseases are globally the leading cause of disability, whereby there is a great need for rehabilitation of neurological impairments.Assistive technology can co...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Waerling RD, Kjaer TW Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Item development, internal consistency, and known-groups validity of the Self-Directed Mobility Scale.
Conclusions: The Self-Directed Mobility Scale appears to be a valid tool for assessing views of self-directed mobility and mobility advocacy intentions in paediatric physical and occupational therapists, as well as undergraduate students. Future work should examine the internal consistency based on study sample to ensure the (> 0.70) acceptable Cronbach's alpha level is met.Implications for rehabilitationThe Self-Directed Mobility Scale is a viable measurement tool to assess views of self-directed mobility and mobility advocacy intentions of pediatric physical and occupational therapists.In combination with other measur...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Logan SW, Ross SM, Bogart KR, Feldner HA, Kenyon LK, Woekel E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Effect of seat height on manual wheelchair foot propulsion, a repeated-measures crossover study: part 2 - wheeling backward on a soft surface.
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that, during manual-wheelchair foot propulsion backward on a soft surface, lowering the seat height increases speed, push frequency and push effectiveness, and decreases perceived difficulty.Materials and methods: In a repeated-measures crossover study, 50 able-bodied participants used one foot to propel a manual wheelchair 5 m backward on a soft surface at 5 seat heights, ranging from 5.08 cm below to about 5.08 cm above lower-leg length, in random order. We recorded Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) capacity scores and used the Wh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Heinrichs ND, Kirby RL, Smith C, Russell KFJ, Theriault CJ, Doucette SP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Assistive technology as a pillar of universal health coverage: qualitative analysis of stakeholder responses to the world health assembly resolution on assistive technology.
Conclusion: The content analysis synthesises complex global data and identifies directions to positively influence national and regional AT policy and delivery. The complexity of factors demonstrates the importance of an AT systems-thinking approach; that is, the development and application of organised knowledge, skills, procedures and policies related to assistive products. AT systems thinking will be essential for AT to be effectively deployed as a pillar of universal health coverage.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAssistive technology is a key facilitator of health and well-being, playing a critical role in global effor...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Layton N, Bell D, Borg J, Steel E, Maclachlan M, Tebbutt E, Khasnabis C, Swaminathan S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Parental experiences on the role of wheelchairs in the lives of their children with mobility impairments: a qualitative exploration in Dubai.
Conclusion: The study is the first of its kind in Dubai and indicated that the wheelchair played an important role in the children's lives and allowed participation in life roles that brought joy and fulfilment. Without wheelchairs, children would be isolated and frustrated. However, some of the participants were not satisfied with their child's current wheelchair and felt the chair was not appropriate. Recommendations to specific stakeholders included: the development of policies to guide wheelchair service provision by government. In addition, insurance providers could collaborate with the government to adhere to the pol...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 24, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liebenberg A, Geiger M, Visagie S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Modified desk height helps children with cerebral palsy perform sit-to-stand.
In this study, we used a height adjustable chair and desk to investigate the role of desk support in STS and how it might benefit children with CP. Methods: Seventeen typically developing children (TDC), average age = 9.7 years, and 28 children with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] I and II), average age = 10.3 years, participated in the test. Elapsed time and body sway were measured using a pressure mat and load cell while each child performed a STS task. Two different desk heights were tested for time consumption and sway under the condition of hands-on-desk and arms-crossed. Results: ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lim HK, Ko J, Lee D, Han DU Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Randomized controlled feasibility study of FindMyApps: first evaluation of a tablet-based intervention to promote self-management and meaningful activities in people with mild dementia.
Conclusions: Qualitative results indicate that the FindMyApps intervention has the potential to positively influence the self-management abilities and engagement in meaningful activities of people with dementia. Remarks are made to improve the intervention and recommendations are given for future effectiveness studies.Implications for rehabilitationThe person-centred tablet intervention FindMyApps has the potential to positively influence the self-management and engagement in meaningful activities in people with dementia.Based on the input of persons with dementia and informal carers, the FindMyApps intervention and study ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kerkhof Y, Kohl G, Veijer M, Mangiaracina F, Bergsma A, Graff M, Dröes RM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Inside pandora's box: a systematic review of the assessment of the perceived quality of chatbots for people with disabilities or special needs.
Conclusion: Systematic procedures based on reliable and valid methodologies continue to be needed in this field. The current lack of reliable tools and systematic methods to assess chatbots for people with disabilities and special needs is concerning, and ultimately, it may also lead to unreliable systems entering the market with disruptive consequences for people.Implications for rehabilitationChatbots applied in rehabilitation are mainly tested in terms of clinical effectiveness and validity with a minimal focus on measuring the quality of the interactionThe usability and interactive properties of chatbots applied in reh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Federici S, de Filippis ML, Mele ML, Borsci S, Bracalenti M, Gaudino G, Cocco A, Amendola M, Simonetti E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

An investigation into the effectiveness of a novel wheelchair seat-cover assembly for the reduction of forces exerted onto the buttocks.
Abstract Purpose: This purpose was to investigate developed seat-cover assemblies' effect on decreasing the fluctuation of the shear force exerted onto the buttocks as the factors causing decubitus ulcers when the back-support was inclined.Materials and Methods: The participants were 10 wheelchair users. The force plate was used to measure the horizontal force as the shear force. The back-support was inclined at increasing angles, starting from the upright position (IUP), then proceeding to a fully reclined position (FRP), and returning to the upright position (RUP). The experimental conditions were two conditions...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kobara K, Takahashi H, Nagata Y, Osaka H, Suehiro T, Fujita D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The Wheelchair Outcome Measure for Young People (WhOM-YP): modification and metrics for children and youth with mobility limitations.
Abstract Purpose: Wheelchairs enhance children's mobility and participation in daily life, yet few participation measures are used to evaluate wheeled mobility interventions. The Wheelchair Outcome Measure for Young People (WhOM-YP) addresses this gap, evaluating importance of and satisfaction with client-identified participation outcomes inside and outside home for children aged 18 years and younger who need wheeled mobility interventions.Methods: Mixed methods study using semi-structured interviews with nine experienced therapists and nine wheelchair users (11-18 years) evaluated the appropriateness of adult Whe...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Field DA, Miller WC Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Significant challenges when introducing care robots in Swedish elder care.
Conclusions: The introduction of care robots in elder care services seems to be more challenging than that of welfare technology in general, given the context and prevailing attitudes and preconceptions about robotics. Significant challenges need to be managed, at all levels of the society, before care robots can become an integral part of daily care and assist older people and their caregivers in activities and rehabilitation.IMPLICATION FOR REHABILITATIONThe challenges described by the societal actors', are partly similar to those of the end users', in terms of attitudes, ethics, knowledge and skills, and collaboration. ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Johansson-Pajala RM, Gustafsson C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A rapid review of the effect of assistive technology on the educational performance of students with impaired hearing.
Conclusion: This review concluded that the limited research speaks to the positive impact of AT on educational outcomes. Additionally, for students with a hearing impairment to be able to receive high-quality AT that will enhance their educational success, more evidence-based research on the efficacy of hearing AT needs to be conducted, especially as newer technologies emerge in this technological era.Implications for rehabilitationThe use of appropriate hearing assistive technology (AT) is a key facilitator within the educational environment and has a positive impact on the educational outcomes for students studying at co...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bell D, Foiret J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The extent to which mobile applications support independence among the visually impaired - a pilot study.
A, Siira HJ Abstract Background and aim: Visual impairment (VI) problems are increasing as the global aging population grows. Mobile devices have become essential to interacting with friends and society. Because the visually impaired are no exception, it would be useful to determine the functionalities that best support the independence of people with VI. The currently available functionalities and applications were analysed to provide insight about which features the visually impaired value most.Materials and methods: A Webropol survey with structured and open-ended questions was carried out. The participants (n&...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 10, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Järvelä ME, Falck AAK, Rajala MM, Kyngäs HA, Siira HJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Physiotherapists' clinical use and acceptance of a telemonitoring platform during anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation: a prospective clinical study.
Conclusions: Even though health care professionals were involved in the design of the telemonitoring platform, use in routine care was limited. Physiotherapists recognized the relevance of using health technology, but there are still barriers to overcome in order to successfully implement eHealth in routine care.Implications for rehabilitationThe use and acceptance of the telemonitoring platform by physiotherapists for patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction was limited.Suggestions made by therapists for platform improvement mainly related to user-friendliness and efficiency of workflow.Novel digital h...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 10, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rothgangel A, Kanera I, van den Heuvel R, Wientgen M, Jamin G, Lenssen T, Braun S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Technical quality of online resources for mobility device training.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the technical quality of online educational resources for mobility device training could be improved. A need for higher quality resources for device users and caregivers was identified.Implications for rehabilitationThe overall technical quality of online educational resources for mobility device training for users and caregivers is low.A Mobility Device Training Catalogue is freely available and summarizes the highest quality online resources found on mobility device training.The Mobility Device Training Catalogue is intended for use by users and caregivers, but it may also provide cl...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 10, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Best KL, Beaudoin M, Routhier F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Exploring serious games for stroke rehabilitation: a scoping review.
Conclusion: We present main findings from our review concerning the attributes of existing games for stroke rehabilitation such as meaningful play, handling of failures, emphasising challenge, and the value of feedback. We conclude with a list of design recommendations that future serious game developers can consider while designing interfaces for stroke patients.Implications for RehabilitationThis review exhibits that the usage of gaming technologies is a very effective interactive mechanism for stroke based rehabilitation.Further our review also shows that serious games provide an avenue and opportunity for customized an...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 8, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mubin O, Alnajjar F, Al Mahmud A, Jishtu N, Alsinglawi B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Aesthetics and the perceived stigma of assistive technology for visual impairment.
Conclusion: Device without negative symbolism but with modern aesthetics (smart glasses) were positively accepted by the participants than the device with traditional aesthetics and symbolisms of visual impairment (white cane). Designers should, therefore, consider aesthetics in addition to functionality in order to avoid the perceived stigma, thereby reducing the chances of device abandonment.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONUnderstanding the factors that influence the perceived stigma associated with assistive technology can help designers and developers to reduce assistive technology abandonment and perceived stigma.Desig...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dos Santos ADP, Ferrari ALM, Medola FO, Sandnes FE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Prioritization of patients access to outpatient augmentative and alternative communication services in Quebec: a decision tool.
Conclusion: In this study, we co-developed a prioritization decision tool with the key stakeholders for prioritization of patients who are referred to AAC services in rehabilitation settings.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILIATIONStudies in Canada have shown that people in Canada with a need for rehabilitation services are not receiving publicly available services in a timely manner.There is no standardized tool for the prioritization of AAC patients.In this mixed methods study, we co-developed a prioritization tool with key stakeholders for prioritization of patients who are referred to AAC services in a rehabilitation center in Q...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rahimi SA, Dery J, Lamontagne ME, Jamshidi A, Lacroix E, Ruiz A, Ait-Kadi D, Routhier F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Video modelling as a tool to evaluate self-perception of strategies used by adolescents during daily tasks.
Conclusions: Unexpectedly, the participants who associated their ability as less organized presented successful behaviors in the home environment and successfully performed the WCPA. Therapists should be aware that clients may achieve success in daily tasks even though they may cope with cognitive challenges in unexpected ways.Implication for rehabilitationTherapists may expect adolescent clients to approach tasks in a variety of ways, using different strategies for coping with everyday cognitive challenge.Therapists need to acknowledge that there is no ideal strategy that provides a solution for all individuals.Mediating ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zlotnik S, Gal E, Weiss PL Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Evaluation of satisfaction with geospatial assistive technology (ESGAT): a methodological and usability study.
Abstract Purpose: Manual wheelchair users are more vulnerable, in situations such as road crossings, hazardous sidewalks or curbs and crossing of buildings and facilities threshold. Geospatial assistive technology (GAT) can help with route planning. However, it is important to ensure the usability of such products, as well as the satisfaction of persons with reduced mobility. The study's aim was (1) to develop and validate a questionnaire on the satisfaction of GAT, in English and French, and to (2) assess satisfaction, efficacy and efficiency of a GAT with manual wheelchair users following a filmed trial in a den...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Vincent C, Girard R, Dumont F, Archambault P, Routhier F, Mostafavi MA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Policymaker and stakeholder perspectives on access to assistive technologies in Canada: challenges and proposed solutions for enhancing equitable access.
Conclusions: This is the most comprehensive study of Canadian policymaker and stakeholder views on AT access to date. Identified challenges and solutions point to opportunities for policy action and to support work to create a national vision for AT access that strengthens the potential for ATs to enable daily activity participation, independence, and societal inclusion of seniors and people with disabilities.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAT use supports daily activity participation, independence, and societal inclusion of seniors and people with disabilities.There is an urgent need to ensure that those who need ATs have ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wang RH, Zdaniuk N, Durocher E, Wilson MG Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Human visual skills for brain-computer interface use: a tutorial.
Abstract Background and objectives: Many brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) for people with severe disabilities present stimuli in the visual modality with little consideration of the visual skills required for successful use. The primary objective of this tutorial is to present researchers and clinical professionals with basic information about the visual skills needed for functional use of visual BCIs, and to offer modifications that would render BCI technology more accessible for persons with vision impairments.Methods: First, we provide a background on BCIs that rely on a visual interface. We then describe the v...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - June 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fried-Oken M, Kinsella M, Peters B, Eddy B, Wojciechowski B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Virtual reality interventions to enhance upper limb motor improvement after a stroke: commonly used types of platform and outcomes.
Conclusion: A standardized set of outcomes can promote better comparisons between studies using different VR-based platforms for post-stroke UL motor improvement.Implications for RehabilitationA wide variety of commercially available systems are present from expensive customizable systems to low-cost turnkey systems.The Fugl-Meyer Assessment and Wolf Motor Function Test along with the Stroke Impact Scale-Social Participation subscale were used most often across all studies as assessments of body structure and function, activity limitations and participation restriction.It is essential to include movement pattern outcomes a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Subramanian SK, Cross MK, Hirschhauser CS Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Effects of the model of human occupation-based home modifications on the time use, occupational participation and activity limitation in people with disabilities: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
Abstract Purpose: To compare the effect of intervention providing home modifications and assistive devices based on MOHO theory with home exercise on people with disability in time use, competence and values of occupational performance and activity limitations.Methods: Participants were 20 people with disabilities due to deficits in central nervous system. Eleven people in the experimental group partook in environmental modifications and assistive device intervention and nine people in the control partook in home exercise programmes. A total of eight sessions were progressed, one pre-test, six sessions of interven...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jo YJ, Kim H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Air-powered shopping carts in grocery stores: a pilot study.
Conclusions: Motorized shopping carts are used by a wide variety of individuals. Individuals aged 54 or younger and do not own a mobility device chose to use air-powered more than electric-powered carts. The functional capabilities of the air-powered carts demonstrated their potential to serve as practical replacements for electric-powered carts found in grocery and retail stores.Implications for rehabilitationThe availability and reliability of motorized shopping carts at retail stores are integral for individuals with physical impairments to complete their shopping needs.The development of novel assistive devices such as...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Daveler B, Gebrosky B, Eckstein I, Cooper R, Grindle GG, Cooper RA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

A review of adaptive sport opportunities for power wheelchair users.
Conclusions: This literature review identified few programs for sports for people who use power wheelchairs. Many challenges such as lack of appropriate technology, lack of programs, and challenging classification categories all interact to contribute to this problem. Opportunities exist for better and more appropriate technology to be developed and for new and innovative sports and rules to be adopted for these athletes to benefit more from sport and recreation.Implications for rehabilitationAthletes with complex disabilities and high support needs are not provided with the same opportunities as other athletes.Challenges ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Duvall J, Satpute S, Cooper R, Cooper RA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Development and application of PyeongChang 2018  Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games Accessibility Manual.
Conclusions: The study provided fundamental data to develop an inclusive game operation manual for future international sports competitions, and it could ultimately serve as a cornerstone for integration and inclusion through sports.Implications for RehabilitationEnsuring accessibility can secure equal opportunities to participate and enjoy the events for everyone in mega-sporting events including persons with disabilities.However, the current Korean construction law does not adequately address the accessibility requirements for the Paralympic Games. Therefore, the study of the development of the 2018 Pyeongchang Accessibi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lee HL, Kim JY, Kim JB Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Contextual sensory integration training via head mounted display for individuals with vestibular disorders: a feasibility study.
Conclusion: HMD training within increasingly complex immersive environments appears to be a promising adjunct modality for vestibular rehabilitation. Future controlled studies are needed to establish effectiveness.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONVirtual Reality allows for gradual introduction of complex semi-real visual environments.Within VR training patients can re-learn to maintain balance when presented with a sensory conflict in a safe environment.Head Mounted Display training appears to be a promising adjunct modality for vestibular rehabilitation.Portability and affordability of the hardware and software enhance the ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lubetzky AV, Kelly J, Wang Z, Gospodarek M, Fu G, Sutera J, Hujsak BD Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Exercise intensity of the upper limb can be enhanced using a virtual rehabilitation system.
in MF Abstract Purpose: Motor recovery of the upper limb (UL) is related to exercise intensity, defined as movement repetitions divided by minutes in active therapy, and task difficulty. However, the degree to which UL training in virtual reality (VR) applications deliver intense and challenging exercise and whether these factors are considered in different centres for people with different sensorimotor impairment levels is not evidenced. We determined if (1) a VR programme can deliver high UL exercise intensity in people with sub-acute stroke across different environments and (2) exercise intensity and difficulty...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Baniña MC, Molad R, Solomon JS, Berman S, Soroker N, Frenkel-Toledo S, Liebermann DG, Levin MF Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Practice improves court mobility and self-efficacy in tennis-specific wheelchair propulsion.
Abstract Purpose: Wheelchair tennis (WT) propulsion is uniquely characterized by the requirement for racket holding coupled with effective hand-rim contact. Thus, investigations involving strategies to enhance chair mobility skills are merited. The aim was to examine the effects of organized practice on WT match play responses and the impact of racket holding during practice.Materials and methods: Following physiological profiling involving graded and peak exercise testing, 16 able-bodied (AB) participants performed bouts of WT match play interspersed with practice involving wheelchair mobility drills completed wi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 15, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sindall P, Lenton JP, Mason BS, Tolfrey K, Cooper RA, Martin Ginis KA, Goosey-Tolfrey VL Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Information and communication technology-based assistive technology to compensate for impaired cognition in everyday life: a systematic review.
Conclusions: Smartphones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), etc. with e.g. calendars and reminder alarms can improve prospective memory, especially for people with ABI. Furthermore, PDAs and similar products with prompts can improve execution of tasks for people with cognitive impairment due to different diagnoses. Products should be tailored to the users' needs and the users trained in product use. Further studies concerning children, older people and people with intellectual and developmental disability are required; as well as studies on cost-effectiveness and the effectiveness of related services.Implications for reh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brandt Å, Jensen MP, Søberg MS, Andersen SD, Sund T Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Expounding the rehabilitation service for acquired visual impairment contingent on assistive technology acceptance.
Conclusions: While assistive technology provides a beacon of hope for the visually impaired to live more independent lives, the data indicated that many visually impaired people were not aware of the new assistive technologies and devices that have been entering the market; furthermore, many visually impaired people are of lower income, and therefore cannot afford the technology.Implications for rehabilitationDetermining differences between congenital and acquired visual impairments, and comparing how the two types of visually impaired users have preferences over the assistive technology and devices that they utilise.Exper...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kan CR, Wang CY Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Ramps remain a barrier to safe wheelchair user transit bus ingress/egress.
Conclusion: This is the first large-scale US study enabling WCUs to describe their experiences using transit bus ramps. Despite ADA guidelines, steep ramps remain the primary factor contributing to incidents and difficulty when using ramps to access transit buses.Implications for rehabilitationThe discrepancy between ADA maximum allowable ramp slopes for the built environment and transit buses may require an increased level of effort that is a barrier to transportation accessibility for some wheelchair users.Wheelchair users who access transit buses should be made aware of, and trained, to navigate ramp configurations foun...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Frost KL, Bertocci G, Smalley C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Examining the effect of virtual reality therapy on cognition post-stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: VR therapy was not superior to control interventions in improving cognition in individuals with stroke. Future research should include high-quality and adequately powered trials examining the impact of virtual reality therapy on cognition post-stroke.Implications for rehabilitationVirtual reality therapy is a promising new form of technology that has been shown to increase patient satisfaction towards stroke rehabilitation.Virtual reality therapy has the added benefits of providing instant feedback, and the difficulty can be easily modified, underscoring the user-friendliness of this form of rehabilitation.Virt...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - May 2, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wiley E, Khattab S, Tang A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Comparing the performance of ultralight folding manual wheelchairs using standardized tests.
Conclusions: This result exemplifies the need for ongoing research to identify whether wheelchairs satisfy ANSI/RESNA testing requirements and highlights the importance of creating a resource data set. This is particularly important when numerous other wheelchairs fail to meet minimum ANSI/RESNA requirements.Implications for RehabilitationFolding frame wheelchairs offer benefits such as transportability and convenience that may benefit certain wheelchair users, assuming their durability is sufficient and they provide similar benefits vs. other wheelchair construction.Previous studies have shown that folding wheelchairs per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gebrosky B, Bridge A, O'Donnell S, Grindle GG, Cooper R, Cooper RA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Setup by a person with deafblindness of a face-to-face communication assistive technology based on generally available applications.
Conclusions: The homemade CAD setup was based on an electronic braille notetaker connected to an iPhone via Bluetooth. The software included the iOS operating system, the VoiceOver screen reader and a text editing application, all running on the iPhone. The examination of the participant's journey found the presence of the four characteristics of the user innovator proposed by von Hippel. It appears that the participant's life has been positively impacted by the use of her homemade CAD on the nine "Activities and Participation" domains of the ICF.Implications for RehabilitationA CAD may make it easier to achieve ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cantin S, de Abreu Cybis W, Durocher N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

It is time for the biopsychosocialtech model.
PMID: 32310710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology.)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Scherer MJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Using assistive technologies in the curriculum of children with specific learning disabilities served in inclusion settings: teachers' beliefs and professionalism.
Conclusions: Directions for further research and recommendations for policy and practice are discussed.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThere is a vital need to investigate teachers' professionalism and beliefs regarding applying AT for the children with SLD in inclusion settings, especially in developing countries.The availability of AT sub-scale had the lowest mean.The teachers' perceptions of their professionalism in using AT in teaching had the highest mean.It is hoped that this study provide the decision-makers in the Ministry of Education (MoE) with valuable insights to develop the use of AT in teaching reading and wri...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 17, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Al-Dababneh KA, Al-Zboon EK Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The effect of tele-speech therapy on treatment of stuttering.
Conclusions: Tele-speech therapy is an effective way for the treatment of stuttering patients irrespective of their age, gender, and educational background. This method can improve patient's speech and reduce stuttering. Implications for RehabilitationTele-rehabilitation is an effective way to treat stuttering.Tele-speech therapy can be implemented for any group of stuttering patients.Participants were satisfied with the tele-rehabilitation intervention.Tele-speech therapy accelerates the treatment process.Tele-speech therapy eliminates patient travels to speech therapies. PMID: 32299263 [PubMed - as supplied by publi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 17, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Eslami Jahromi M, Ahmadian L, Bahaadinbeigy K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Caregiver perspectives on a smart home-based socially assistive robot for individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia.
Conclusion: From a broader outlook, success of SARs as a home-health technology for ADRD is reliant on the timing of their integration, commercial viability, funding provisions, and their bonding with the care recipient. Long-term research in the home settings is required to verify the usability and impact of SARs in mediating aging-in-place of individuals with ADRD.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONSocially assistive robots (SARs), an emerging domain of assistive technology, are projected to have a crucial role in supporting aging-in-place of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD).Caregivers of indi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 17, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Arthanat S, Begum M, Gu T, LaRoche DP, Xu D, Zhang N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

Opening the GATE: systems thinking from the global assistive technology alliance.
Conclusion: Partners in this Global Alliance aim to advance the field of assistive technology by promoting shared research, policy advocacy, educating people and organisations within and outside the field, teaching, training and knowledge transfer by pulling together broad-based membership organisations.Implications for RehabilitationCollegial, cross discipline and multi-stakeholder collaborations support assistive technology research and practice.Knowledge exchange within and across countries and regions is mutually beneficial.Self-organising assistive technology communities are emerging and supported by global movements ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Layton N, Bell D, Buning ME, Chen SC, Contepomi S, Delgado Ramos V, Hoogerwerf EJ, Inoue T, Moon I, Seymour N, Smith RO, de Witte L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research