The Association Between Persistence and Change in Early Childhood Behavioural Problems and Preschool Cognitive Outcomes.
Abstract The link between behavioural and cognitive difficulties is well established. However, research is limited on whether persistence and change in behavioural difficulties relates to cognitive outcomes, particularly during preschool. We used a large New Zealand birth cohort to investigate how persistence and change in serious behavioural problems from ages 2 to 4.5 years related to measures of cognitive delay at 4.5 years (n = 5885). Using the Strengths and Difficulties total problems score at each time point, children were categorised as showing no difficulties, improved behaviour, co...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - January 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: D'Souza S, Underwood L, Peterson ER, Morton SMB, Waldie KE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Separation Anxiety Symptom Profiles and Parental Accommodation Across Pediatric Anxiety Disorders.
Abstract Parental accommodation refers to ways in which caregivers modify their behavior to decrease child distress in the short-term. Accommodation is prevalent among anxious youth and related to decreased treatment and functional outcomes. Although separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with increased accommodation, SAD is not a predictor of treatment response, suggesting that a diagnosis of SAD alone may not be enough to clarify the relationship between accommodation and separation anxiety symptoms within a clinical context. Participants were youth with a primary anxiety disorder (N = 186...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - January 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Phillips KE, Norris LA, Kendall PC Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Callous-Unemotional Traits and Disorganized Attachment: Links with Disruptive Behaviors in Toddlers.
This study examined associations between CU traits, disorganized attachment, and conduct problem (CP) severity in a sample of clinic-referred toddlers with behavioral problems. Mother-child dyads (n = 56; mean child age 19.50 months) completed parent-report questionnaires, a dyadic play session, and the Strange Situation Procedure to assess child attachment pattern. Significant positive associations were found between CU traits and disorganized attachment, independent of CP severity. CU traits but not disorganized attachment predicted CP severity. Results indicate that among toddlers with clinic-referred disrupti...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - January 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kohlhoff J, Mahmood D, Kimonis E, Hawes DJ, Morgan S, Egan R, Niec LN, Eapen V Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Maternal Depression, Externalizing and Internalizing Problems in Children, and Caregiving Burden in Urban Low-Income Ethnic and Racial Minority Families.
Abstract A strong relationship exists between maternal depression and externalizing and internalizing problems in children, and caregiving burden might mediate this relationship. Yet, caregiving burden has rarely been tested as a mechanism underlying the relationship between maternal depression and child emotional and behavioral outcomes. Caregiving burden might be especially high in ethnic and racial minority mother-child dyads in low-income settings where there are more stressors in the environment and rates of maternal depression are elevated. A path analysis with 132 low-income urban mothers who mostly identif...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - December 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Wagner KM, Valdez CR Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Relations Between Tic Severity, Emotion Regulation, and Social Outcomes in Youth with Tourette Syndrome.
This study examined associations between tic severity, emotion regulation, social functioning, and social impairment in youth with Tourette Syndrome (TS). Emotion regulation was examined as a mediator between tic severity and social outcomes. Seventy-seven caregivers of youth with TS (M age = 13.1 years; SD = 2.29) were administered proxy-report measures of tic severity, emotion regulation, social functioning, and social impairment. Total and motor tic severity were negatively associated with emotion regulation and social functioning, and positively associated with social impairment (r's = ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - December 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Quast LF, Rosenthal LD, Cushman GK, Gutiérrez-Colina AM, Braley EI, Kardon P, Blount RL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Parents' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences in Child Sexual Abuse Prevention in El Salvador.
Abstract Childhood sexual abuse (CSA), a global public health problem, is often underreported especially in low-income countries such as El Salvador, and prevention efforts are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine knowledge, attitudes and experiences of CSA prevention and characteristics related to greater knowledge and openness to engaging in child abuse prevention among Salvadoran parents. Salvadoran parents (N = 478) completed questionnaires regarding demographics, definition and signs and symptoms of child abuse, personal experiences of CSA, CSA prevention training, and knowledge, att...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - December 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Salloum A, Johnco C, Zepeda-Burgos RM, Cepeda SL, Guttfreund D, Novoa JC, Schneider SC, Lastra A, Hurtado A, Katz CL, Storch EA Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Latino and Non-Latino Parental Treatment Preferences for Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders.
Abstract There is frequently a presumption that Latino parents have a greater preference for involvement in their child's treatment for anxiety compared to non-Latino white parents. However, parent involvement may increase burdens associated with treatment and research suggests that Latino individuals already face significantly greater barriers to obtaining mental health treatment. In the current study, we compared Latino and non-Latino parents' preferences for parental involvement and perceptions of burdens in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth anxiety. 117 parents (57 Latino) completed measures to...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - December 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Seligman LD, Hovey JD, Ibarra M, Hurtado G, Marin CE, Silverman WK Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Association Between Emotional Disorders and Speech and Language Impairments: A National Population-Based Study.
This study used a long-term tracking large database to investigate whether the proportion of children who were diagnosed with speech and language impairments were later diagnosed with anxiety or depression were significantly greater than that of matched group of the same age and gender without speech and language impairments. More than 4300 eligible children with speech and language impairments and matched controls were identified and assessed for anxiety and depression. The risk of anxiety and depressive disorders in children with speech and language impairments were examined with Cox regression analyses and adjusting for...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - December 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Lee YC, Chen VC, Yang YH, Kuo TY, Hung TH, Cheng YF, Huang KY Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A New Chapter for Child Psychiatry and Human Development: Building on Strength.
PMID: 31741115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Storch EA Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Stress Exposure and Maternal Depression as Risk Factors for Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents.
Abstract Little research has explored the implications of stress inside and outside of the family as a risk factor for psychological symptoms in adolescents of depressed mothers. In a sample of 115 adolescents and their mothers with and without depression histories, adolescents' family and peer stress exposure was measured through the Responses to Stress Questionnaire, and adolescents' anxious/depressed symptoms were measured with the Youth Self Report and Child Behavior Checklist. Mothers reported their current depression symptoms on the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Results suggest that adolescents of mothers wi...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Henry LM, Steele EH, Watson KH, Bettis AH, Gruhn M, Dunbar J, Reising M, Compas BE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

How Do Mothers' Parental Attributions Affect Child Outcomes from a Positive Parenting Intervention? A Mediation Study.
This study examines alternative accounts of how mothers' problematic parental attributions, operationalised as negative pre-treatment and change resistant parental attributions during treatment, may affect child behaviour outcomes from a parenting intervention program. Putative mediators included parental feelings about the child and use of harsh discipline. Participants were 163 families with children aged from 3 to 16 referred to specialist clinics for the treatment of conduct problems. Measures were collected as part of pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up assessments. Mothers' pre-treatment and change r...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Sawrikar V, Hawes DJ, Moul C, Dadds MR Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Sluggish Cognitive Tempo and Behavioral Difficulties in Children with ADHD: Associations with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms.
Abstract Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) appears to be distinct from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and unique patterns of association between SCT and comorbid symptoms have been reported in the literature. The current study examined the relation between environmental supports and comorbid concerns among children with high SCT. Parents of children (ages 6-12) with a diagnosis of ADHD and clinically elevated SCT (N = 126) completed measures of emotional/behavioral functioning, child routines, and parental adjustment. Regression analyses revealed that after controlling for child age and...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 13, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Stoppelbein L, McRae E, Smith S, Becker S, Fite P, Luebbe A, Greening L Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Variants of Children with Psychopathic Tendencies in a Community Sample.
Abstract To investigate the heterogeneity of children with psychopathic tendencies, this study identified heterogenous subgroups among a community sample of children based on their callous-unemotional (CU) traits, conduct problems (CP), and anxiety. A latent profile analysis classified 1861 primary school students (age 6-14) into four subgroups based on parent-report CU traits, CP and anxiety: low-risk children (i.e., low in CU traits, CP, and anxiety), anxious children (i.e., high in anxiety, low in CU traits and CP), primary variants of children with psychopathic tendencies (i.e., high in CU traits and CP, low i...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Huang J, Fan L, Lin K, Wang Y Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Risk of Depression in the Offspring of Parents with Depression: The Role of Emotion Regulation, Cognitive Style, Parenting and Life Events.
This study compared various potential mechanisms in children of depressed (high-risk; n = 74) versus non-depressed (low-risk; n = 37) parents and explored mediators of parental depression and risk in offspring. A German sample of N = 111 boys and girls aged 8 to 17 years were compared regarding children's (i) symptoms of depression and general psychopathology, (ii) emotion regulation strategies, (iii) attributional style, (iv) perceived parenting style and (v) life events. Children in the high-risk group showed significantly more symptoms of depression and general psychopathol...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Loechner J, Sfärlea A, Starman K, Oort F, Thomsen LA, Schulte-Körne G, Platt B Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Profiles of Antisocial Behavior in School-Based and At-Risk Adolescents in Singapore: A Latent Class Analysis.
This study used latent class analysis to examine whether multiple subgroups can be identified based on rule-breaking and aggressive behavior in school-based and at-risk adolescent samples. These groups were tested for differences in behavioral, emotional, personality and interpersonal correlates. Rule breaking and aggressive behavior co-occurred across all classes. School-based adolescents were classified as having minimal, minor or moderate antisocial problems. At-risk adolescents were classified as having mild, medium or severe antisocial problems. Generally, at-risk adolescents had higher levels of antisocial behavior, ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - November 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ang RP, Li X, Huan VS, Liem GAD, Kang T, Wong Q, Yeo JYP Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Inflated Responsibility Beliefs in Paediatric OCD: Exploring the Role of Parental Rearing and Child Age.
Abstract Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) propose that inflated responsibility beliefs are central to the maintenance of the disorder and are proposed to originate during early childhood via experiences of harsh and/or controlling parenting. The current study aimed to examine the associations between perceived parental rearing behaviours, inflated responsibility/threat beliefs, and OCD severity and impairment in children (aged 7-12 years) and adolescents (aged 13-17 years) with OCD (n = 136). Results indicated that for younger children, greater child perce...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Mathieu SL, Conlon EG, Waters AM, McKenzie ML, Farrell LJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Parental Emotion-Focused Behaviors Moderate the Relationship Between Perceptual Sensitivity and Fear Reactivity in Anxious Children.
Abstract This investigation examined the synergistic role of parental emotion-focused socialization behaviors and children's perceptual sensitivity on children's fear reactivity. A sample of 105 children with anxiety disorders (8-12 years; M = 10.07 years, SD = 1.22; 57% female) and their clinically anxious mothers (M = 39.35 years, SD = 7.05) completed an assessment battery that included a diagnostic interview and questionnaires regarding anxiety symptoms, perceptual sensitivity, and emotion socialization behaviors; children also completed a 5...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Woodward EC, Viana AG, Raines EM, Trent ES, Candelari AE, Storch EA, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Anxiety in Children with Selective Mutism: A Meta-analysis.
This study evaluates the current conceptualization of selective mutism (SM) as an anxiety disorder in the DSM-5 using a meta-analytic approach. In the absence of any systematic assessment of anxiety in the field of SM, we pooled prevalence data of comorbid anxiety disorders in a random-effects meta-analysis. On the basis of 22 eligible studies (N = 837), we found that 80% of the children with SM were diagnosed with an additional anxiety disorder, notably social phobia (69%). However, considerable heterogeneity was present, which remained unexplained by a priori specified moderators. The finding that SM is oft...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Driessen J, Blom JD, Muris P, Blashfield RK, Molendijk ML Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

ParentWorks: Evaluation of an Online, Father-Inclusive, Universal Parenting Intervention to Reduce Child Conduct Problems.
Abstract Evidence-based parenting interventions are effective in reducing conduct problems, yet these interventions have limited reach, and few involve the participation of fathers. This paper describes the outcomes of an open trial of ParentWorks, a universal, online, father-inclusive parenting intervention aiming to decrease childhood behavioural problems and promote positive parenting in mothers and fathers. A total of 388 families (456 individual parents; 36.6% fathers) were included in the study. Mixed model analyses showed significant decreases in child emotional/behavioural problems, dysfunctional parenting...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 24, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Piotrowska PJ, Tully LA, Collins DAJ, Sawrikar V, Hawes D, Kimonis ER, Lenroot RK, Moul C, Anderson V, Frick PJ, Dadds MR Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Confirming the Factor Structure and Validity of the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) in Youth.
Abstract Distress tolerance (DT) is an individual's ability to handle uncomfortable emotion states or sensations (Simons and Gaher in Motiv Emot 29(2): 83-102, 2005). DT is associated with heightened risk for psychopathology, including internalizing symptoms. However, little research has examined the feasibility of assessing DT via youth self-report. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the psychometric properties of the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) (Simons and Gaher in Motiv Emot 29(2): 83-102, 2005) in community (n = 117; ages 10-19; 56.4% female) and clinical samples (n = 165; ages 10-18, 52.7% fem...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Tonarely NA, Ehrenreich-May J Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Anxiety in Early Adolescence: Heterogeneous Developmental Trajectories, Associations with Risk Factors and Depressive Symptoms.
This study aimed: (1) to identify heterogeneous trajectories of anxiety symptoms in early adolescence; (2) to analyze the relationships between risk factors and identified trajectories; (3) to study the association between anxiety symptom trajectories and depression symptom course. Anxiety and depressive symptoms of 825 participants (44.40% boys; mean initial age = 13.01, SD = 0.56) was assessed every 6 months over an 18-month period. Trajectory identification relied on latent-variable approach. As a result, 2-4 trajectories were identified for social phobia (SP), generalized anxiety (GA) a...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 19, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: de la Torre-Luque A, Fiol-Veny A, Balle M, Nelemans SA, Bornas X Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

ADHD and ODD Symptoms in Toddlers: Common and Specific Associations with Temperament Dimensions.
ute;lez-Salinas C Abstract The aim of this work was to study the relationship between temperament and signs of psychopathology in typically developing toddlers. More specifically, Attentional Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms were analyzed in connection with fine-grained temperament dimensions. The sample was composed of 65 toddlers aged between 18 and 35 months. Bivariate correlations showed that higher levels of negative emotionality and approach tendencies, and lower levels of inhibitory control, were related to more ADHD and ODD manifestations. Bivariat...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Sánchez-Pérez N, Putnam SP, Gartstein MA, González-Salinas C Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Emotion Identification in Preschool and Early Adolescent Body Mass Index: Exploring the Roles of Depressive Symptoms and Peer Relations.
This study provides novel information about potential targets for early interventions in the service of obesity prevention. PMID: 31625000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Pine A, Barch DM, Luby J, Whalen DJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Factors Relating to the Presence and Modifiability of Self-Perceptual Bias Among Children with ADHD.
Abstract Past research raises concerns about whether the presence of self-perceptual biases among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) interferes with accurate assessment and/or diminishes treatment response. Yet, it remains unclear whether self-perceptual bias is a construct that can be modified. The current study examines individual differences in how children with ADHD (n = 178) display and modify their self-perceptions of competence in the presence of an external motivator for self-perceptual accuracy. Participants were grouped based on the presence and modifiability of t...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - October 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Martin CP, Shoulberg EK, Hoza B, Vaughn A, Waschbusch DA Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Association Between Peer Victimization and Parasomnias in Children: Searching for Relational Moderators.
, Boivin M Abstract This cross-sectional study examined the moderating role of support from three key figures (mothers, teachers, friends) in the association between peer victimization and parasomnias in childhood. The sample consisted of 1150 children aged 8 years who attended elementary school. Controlling for potential confounders, hierarchical multiple regressions revealed that peer victimization was associated with a higher level of parasomnias, equally for both girls and boys. However, for girls, the predictive association of peer victimization with parasomnias was moderated by the level of support in r...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Bilodeau F, Brendgen M, Vitaro F, Côté SM, Tremblay RE, Petit D, Montplaisir J, Boivin M Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Short and Long-Term Parental Posttraumatic Stress After a Child's Accident: Prevalence and Associated Factors.
Abstract Studies on the long-term prevalence of parental posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following child accidental injury are scarce, and findings on risk factors vary. In this follow-up study (T2, n = 69) we determined the prevalence of parental PTSS 2-4 years after accidental injury of their child, compared with 3 months after the accident (T1, n = 135). Additionally, we examined the association between parental and child factors and PTSS severity. Children were 8-18 years old at the time of the accident. Parent and child PTSS was assessed by self-report. Other da...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: van Meijel EPM, Gigengack MR, Verlinden E, van der Steeg AFW, Goslings JC, Bloemers FW, Luitse JSK, Boer F, Grootenhuis MA, Lindauer RJL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Childhood Sleep Functioning as a Developmental Precursor of Adolescent Adjustment Problems.
This study tested whether childhood sleep problems, sleep quantity, and chronotype predicted internalizing and externalizing problems during adolescence. Latent Growth Modeling using the Czech portion of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (N = 4393) was utilized to test the developmental trajectories of sleep characteristics (from 1.5 to 7 years) as predictors of adjustment problems trajectories (from 11 to 18 years). Findings provided evidence that children with higher levels of sleep problems at 1.5 years (and throughout childhood) reported higher levels of internalizi...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 7, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ksinan Jiskrova G, Vazsonyi AT, Klánová J, Dušek L Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Pilot Study of Family-Based Exposure-Focused Treatment for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Anxiety.
Abstract Anxiety is a common and impairing condition in youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Evidence supports the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for treating anxiety in this population; however, available treatment protocols may be difficult to implement outside of research settings. The present study examined the efficacy of family-based exposure-focused treatment (FET) compared to a treatment as usual (TAU) control in 32 youth aged 6-17 years with ASD and co-occurring anxiety. Fourteen youth were randomized to FET, which included 12 face-to-face weekly therapy sessions lasing 45-55 min, wh...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 6, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Storch EA, Schneider SC, De Nadai AS, Selles RR, McBride NM, Grebe SC, Bergez KC, Ramirez A, Viana AG, Lewin AB Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Longitudinal Association Between Preadolescent Facial Emotion Identification and Family Factors, and Psychotic Experiences in Adolescence (The TRAILS Study).
Abstract The current study examines whether facial emotion identification and family factors at preadolescence (age 11) predict psychotic experiences 5 years later during adolescence (age 16) and whether family factors may mediate the association between facial emotion identification and psychotic experiences. Data was obtained from the epidemiological cohort TRAILS (N = 2059). At preadolescence, a facial emotion identification test and three questionnaires to assess family functioning, perceived parenting styles and parenting stress, were administered. At adolescence, a questionnaire on psychot...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Steenhuis LA, Pijnenborg GHM, van der Stouwe ECD, Hartman CA, Aleman A, Bartels-Velthuis AA, Nauta MH Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Maternal Elaborative Language in Shared Emotion Talk with ODD Children: Relationship to Child Emotion Competencies.
In this study of 68 four to eight year-olds with oppositional defiant disorder and 34 children without a diagnosis there was no evidence of differences between mothers of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) children and mothers of non-ODD children in their use of emotion descriptors and open-ended questions when discussing emotion events with their child. After controlling for child age, gender, expressive verbal abilities and number of conversational turns, the more the mothers used these devices the poorer child's ability to generate causes for emotions and the lower the child's emotion regulation ability. The associatio...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 4, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Pate A, Salmon K, Fortune CA, O'Kearney R Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Risk and Protective Factors for Problematic Drinking in Early Adolescence: A Systematic Approach.
Abstract Alcohol use during early adolescence is associated with other risk behaviors as well as future health problems. Within the design of a larger prospective research program, a cohort of U.S. inner-city sixth-grade students (N = 1573, mean age = 12.10) were assessed and reassessed in the seventh-grade. Self-reported information was obtained on problems related to alcohol, fixed markers of risk (e.g. sex, age, SES), individual and interpersonal factors (e.g. internalizing and externalizing symptoms) and contextual factors (e.g. substance availability). Alcohol-related problems in s...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Isaksson J, Schwab-Stone M, Stickley A, Ruchkin V Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Early Parenting and the Intergenerational Transmission of Self-Regulation and Behavior Problems in African American Head Start Families.
Abstract The present investigation used a national sample of African American Head Start children (N = 640; Mage = 4.40) to determine whether conditions of socioeconomic disadvantage, particularly poverty, low parent education, and single parent homes were associated with children's executive function (EF; attention and impulse control) and behavior problems (internalizing and externalizing symptoms) via the mediating effects of parent-child interactions. Path models with manifest and latent variables revealed that parent-child interactions (i.e., cognitive stimulation, control, and har...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Baker CE, Brooks-Gunn J Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Suicidal Ideation Among Anxious Youth: A Preliminary Investigation of the Role of Neural Processing of Social Rejection in Interaction with Real World Negative Social Experiences.
This study examined whether neural processing of social rejection interacted with negative social experiences to predict suicidal ideation. Thus, to our knowledge this is the first study to examine how brain function may interact with the environment to contribute to suicidal ideation in youth, consistent with a developmental psychopathology perspective. Thirty-six anxious youth (ages 11 to 16) completed diagnostic interviews and questionnaires, an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol, and a functional magnetic resonance imaging paradigm. Results showed that youth experienced greater severity of suicidal ideation...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 16, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Oppenheimer CW, Silk JS, Lee KH, Dahl RE, Forbes E, Ryan N, Ladouceur CD Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity and Children's Risk for Both Internalizing Problems and Peer Victimization Experiences.
In this study, we examined the degree to which children's level of anxiety sensitivity (AS) was a precursor to both internalizing problems and peer victimization experiences. Participants were 581 fourth-grade children (M age = 9.31; 51.8% girls; 42.3% Hispanic/Latinx) and their teachers. Measures of AS, internalizing problems, and peer victimization were collected across a single academic year (Fall, Spring). Structural equation modeling and logistic regression analyses indicated AS predicted future internalizing symptoms as well as self- and teacher-reports of peer victimization. Also, children with heighte...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 10, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Hernandez Rodriguez J, Gregus SJ, Craig JT, Pastrana FA, Cavell TA Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Social Problems in Children: Exploring the Contribution of Triarchic Traits and Parenting.
Abstract Social problems are transdiagnostically relevant in the development of various forms of psychopathology. It is thus important to consider contributing factors both at the individual and contextual level. Among 110 children (Mage = 8.85 years), we examined the contribution of triarchic trait dimensions (boldness, meanness, disinhibition) and parenting to the explanation of social problems. Using existing parent-report scales, triarchic scale-level representations were developed and validated. Significant main effects emerged for all three trait dimensions; meanness and disinhibition posi...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 8, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Green LM, Palumbo IM, Shishido Y, Kesner JE, Latzman RD Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

What Differentiates Children with ADHD Symptoms Who Do and Do Not Receive a Formal Diagnosis? Results from a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study.
Abstract ADHD diagnoses are increasing worldwide, in patterns involving both overdiagnosis of some groups and underdiagnosis of others. The current study uses data from a national longitudinal study of Irish children (N = 8568) to examine the sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables that differentiate children with high hyperactivity/inattention symptoms, who had and had not received a diagnosis of ADHD. Analysis identified no significant differences in the demographic characteristics or socio-emotional wellbeing of 9-year-olds with hyperactivity/inattention who had and who had not received...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 5, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: O'Connor C, McNicholas F Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

General Psychopathology and Dysregulation Profile in a Longitudinal Community Sample: Stability, Antecedents and Outcomes.
This study demonstrates that GP and DP are highly similar constructs in middle childhood and adolescence, both describing a general vulnerability for psychopathology with (emotional) dysregulation at its core. Scientific integration of these approaches could lead to a better understanding of the structure, antecedents and outcomes of psychopathology. PMID: 31359330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Deutz MHF, Geeraerts SB, Belsky J, Deković M, van Baar AL, Prinzie P, Patalay P Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Increased Working Memory Load in a Dual-Task Design Impairs Nonverbal Social Encoding in Children with High and Low Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms.
This study supports the role of WM in nonverbal social encoding in children. PMID: 31359331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Hilton DC, Jarrett MA, Rondon AT, Tutek J, Mulla MM Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Growth in Tibetan Adolescent Survivors 6  Years After the 2010 Yushu Earthquake: Depression and PTSD as Predictors.
Posttraumatic Growth in Tibetan Adolescent Survivors 6 Years After the 2010 Yushu Earthquake: Depression and PTSD as Predictors. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2019 Jul 25;: Authors: Xie Y, Wu J, Shen G Abstract This cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Tibetan adolescent survivors (98% Tibetan and 2% Han) 6 years after the 2010 Yushu earthquake to identify the PTG predictors. In 2016, 850 high school students (from 11 to 20 years) in Yushu (N = 850) completed the self-rating depression scale, th...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 25, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Xie Y, Wu J, Shen G Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Associations of Birth Factors and Socio-Economic Status with Indicators of Early Emotional Development and Mental Health in Childhood: A Population-Based Linkage Study.
Abstract Using a linked population-based database established on healthcare, socio-economic, and survey datasets in British Columbia, Canada, we examined how biological, socio-demographic, and socio-economic status (SES) factors at birth related to children's emotional development and mental health. One analysis examined teacher-rated anxiety, hyperactivity, and aggression for kindergarten children (Mage = 5.7; n = 134,094). Another analysis examined administrative healthcare records comprising of physician-assigned diagnostic codes for mental health conditions (conduct disorder, attent...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Guhn M, Emerson SD, Mahdaviani D, Gadermann AM Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Predictors of Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Psychiatric Disorders.
This study aimed to identify factors that predict quality of life (QoL), over and above potential improvements in QoL related to a decrease in psychopathology, in children and adolescents with psychiatric problems. Two hundred and thirty one referred children and adolescents, aged 7-19 years, were followed up across a 1-year period. QoL and psychopathology were assessed, as were a broad range of child, parent, and family/social network factors. Time 1 QoL scores and change in level of psychopathology from Time 1 to Time 2 were important predictors of Time 2 QoL scores. Lower than expected Time 2 QoL was also predicted...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 23, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Bastiaansen D, Ferdinand RF, Koot HM Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Longitudinal Relationships Between Reflective Functioning, Empathy, and Externalizing Behaviors During Adolescence and Young Adulthood.
te; M Abstract Reflective functioning (RF) refers to the understanding of one's own and others' behaviors in terms of mental states, whereas empathy entails the abilities to understand (cognitive empathy) and to share (affective empathy) the emotions of others. Low RF and low empathy have been previously related to externalizing behaviors, such as aggression and rule breaking. However, few longitudinal studies have simultaneously examined the relationships between these variables during adolescence. The aim of the present study is to investigate the longitudinal effects of both RF and empathy on potential changes ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 15, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Morosan L, Ghisletta P, Badoud D, Toffel E, Eliez S, Debbané M Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Emotion Dysregulation, ODD and Conduct Problems in a Sample of Five and Six-Year-Old Children.
Abstract Previous studies examining the relationship between emotion dysregulation and externalizing behavior problems have, so far, focused on using general screening questionnaires capturing a wide range of externalizing behaviors and emotion dysregulation has mostly been assessed through direct observation using negative mood induction and behavioral tasks. The purpose of this study was to explore this relationship using a multi-informant rated clinical questionnaires. Parents and teachers of 609 5-6-year-old children (46% girls, 54% boys) completed the ERC, DBRS, and SDQ. ODD symptoms/conduct problems and labi...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Mitchison GM, Liber JM, Hannesdottir DK, Njardvik U Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Predicting Dropout from Children's Mental Health Services: Using a Need-Based Definition of Dropout.
This study compares predictors of dropout using a novel need-based definition, to existing definitions of dropout. Children (N = 650; 61% male) aged 5-13 attended five children's mental health agencies in Ontario. A mixed effects logistic regression was used to model binary outcome variables (i.e., dropout or treatment completion), for each definition of dropout. Using the need-based definition, older child age, lower child problem presentation, higher child risk behaviors, higher caregiver needs, and more child strengths predicted an increased likelihood of dropout. The need-based definition results in diffe...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 9, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Dossett KW, Reid GJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Adolescent Homelessness and Associated Features: Prevalence and Risk Across Eight States.
This study utilizes data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey to estimate the prevalence of adolescent homelessness and relations to five indicators of poor functioning among students attending public high school in eight states. About 3.27% of students experienced homelessness, and nearly 7% of teens who identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) experienced homelessness. Homelessness was related to higher rates of sexual/dating violence as well as having been bullied and feeling unsafe at school. Homelessness and LGB identification predicted higher rates of more-severe problems with alcohol, hard drug use, poor grades,...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Cutuli JJ, Treglia D, Herbers JE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Overcontrol in Youth Checklist (OCYC): Behavioral and Neural Validation of a Parent-Report of Child Overcontrol in Early Childhood.
Abstract Self-control is protective against psychopathology in childhood. However, too much self-control, namely overcontrol, potentiates risk. Overcontrol is a constellation of child characteristics related to high need for control, perfectionism, inflexibility, social comparison, and performance monitoring and is a transdiagnostic risk factor associated with psychiatric disorders across the lifespan. However, there are no quick and developmentally appropriate screeners to identify overcontrol in early childhood, when overcontrol purportedly becomes stable. The current study validated the Overcontrol in Youth Che...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 29, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Gilbert K, Barch DM, Luby JL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Invalidating Caregiving Environments, Specific Emotion Regulation Deficits, and Non-suicidal Self-injury.
This study examined the indirect effects of distinct aspects of invalidating caregiving environments (i.e., paternal maltreatment, maternal maltreatment, and perceived alienation) on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) via six specific emotion regulation difficulties. We hypothesized that specific emotion regulation deficits would mediate associations between invalidating environments and NSSI. Participants included 114 young adults (57 self-injurers; 57 age- and sex-matched comparison participants) aged 17-25 years. Three parallel mediation models tested hypotheses. Results showed that maternal maltreatment, paternal mal...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Guérin-Marion C, Martin J, Lafontaine MF, Bureau JF Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Slow Processing Speed and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo in Pediatric Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence for Differentiation of Functional Correlates.
We examined whether SCT and processing speed predict different functional correlates within children and adolescents with ADHD. Participants were 193 clinically-referred youth meeting DSM ADHD criteria without comorbid conditions (mean age = 9.9 years, SD = 2.5; age range 6-16). The incremental utility of SCT and processing speed to predict (1) adaptive functioning and (2) academic achievement, after controlling for age, sex, medication status, and ADHD symptom burden, was assessed using hierarchical multiple regressions. SCT symptoms significantly predicted adaptive functioning, accounting...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Cook NE, Braaten EB, Vuijk PJ, Lee BA, Samkavitz AR, Doyle AE, Surman CBH Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Reactive Aggression and Suicidal Behaviors in Children Receiving Outpatient Psychological Services: The Moderating Role of Hyperactivity and Inattention.
Abstract The current study examines associations between reactive and proactive aggression and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youth (N = 115, 62% male), ranging from 6 to 12 years, seeking services in an outpatient psychological clinic. Symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention were evaluated as potential moderators of this link. Children and a caregiver completed self- and parent-report questionnaires on aggression, suicidal behaviors, depressive symptoms, and ADHD-related behaviors during intake. Reactive aggression was more strongly linked to suicidal thoughts and behaviors tha...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 20, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Abel MR, Poquiz JL, Fite PJ, Doyle RL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Trajectories of Verbal and Physical Peer Victimization Among Children with Comorbid Oppositional Defiant Problems, Conduct Problems and Hyperactive-Attention Problems.
ff CE Abstract The high levels of comorbidity between oppositional/conduct problems and hyperactivity/attention problems underscore the need for assessing how vulnerability for peer victimization is shaped by overlap among these behavior problems. Children (mean age 8.39, SD = 0.93) participating in a longitudinal study of the development of conduct problems (N = 744; 348 girls) in Quebec, Canada, were evaluated by their teachers regarding experiences of peer verbal and physical victimization every year for 6 years. Parent and teacher ratings of clinically significant oppositional/...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Ter-Stepanian M, Martin-Storey A, Bizier-Lacroix R, Déry M, Lemelin JP, Temcheff CE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research