Irritability, Depressed Mood, Inattention and Spatial Working Memory in Children and Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder With/Without Persistent Depressive Disorder.
Abstract The specific relationships between sad/low mood, irritability, inattention and spatial working memory (SWM) have not been systematically examined in young people with major depressive disorder with and without persistent depressive disorder. 313 medication naïve young people (aged 6-16 years) with active major depressive disorder (MDD) alone, persistent depressive disorder (DD) alone and comorbid active MDD and DD were identified. Standard multiple regression was used to investigate how well SWM components-Spatial Span, Strategy and Between Search Errors (BSE)-predict 'sad/unhappy', 'irritable' ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vance A, Winther J Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Prenatal and Postnatal Predictive Factors for Children's Inattentive and Hyperactive Symptoms at 5 Years of Age: The Role of Early Family-related Factors.
We examined several parent-reported prenatal and postnatal factors as potential risk factors for attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology in 5-year-old children. Our study is based on the CHILD-SLEEP birth cohort. Several parental questionnaires were collected prenatally (32nd pregnancy week) and postnatally (i.e. child aged 3, 8, and 24 months and at 5 years). At 5 years of age, ADHD symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. Our main results showed that being a boy, parental depressive symptoms, more negative family atmosphere or a child's shorter sleep duration, and maternal au...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Huhdanpää H, Morales-Muñoz I, Aronen ET, Pölkki P, Saarenpää-Heikkilä O, Kylliäinen A, Paavonen EJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Your Fear is My Fear: The Relationship Between Parental and Offspring Anxieties.
Abstract Contrary to the well-documented link between parental and offspring clinical anxiety, little is known about the relationship between parental everyday-life anxieties (e.g., concerning family, finances, health) and offspring anxieties. To close this gap, we assessed the frequency of parental symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety disorders and everyday-life anxieties, as well as the frequency of offspring anxiety symptoms in a representative sample by self-report. Parents reported that 48.4% of the children were free of specific symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety disorders within the last 12 months, 39.2% showed low symptom l...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Adolph D, Margraf J, Schneider S Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Validity of the Draw a Person: A Quantitative Scoring System (DAP:QSS) for Clinically Evaluating Intelligence.
Abstract To assess the psychometric properties of the Draw a Person: A Quantitative Scoring System (DAP:QSS), in 2543 children (M = 11.43 ± 3.06 years), correlations between drawings scores and Raven's Matrices scores, age, and academic achievement were examined. Although older children (> 11 years) obtained higher drawing scores than younger ones (p 
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Troncone A, Chianese A, Di Leva A, Grasso M, Cascella C Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Meeting a Physical Activity Guideline in Preschool and School Readiness: A Program Evaluation.
This study evaluates if the Kiddie Children and Teachers on the Move physical activity (PA) program improves the proportion of days meeting the Institute of Medicine (IOM) PA guideline, and whether meeting the guideline is correlated with improvement in school readiness. Thirteen Head Start-affiliated pre-kindergarten classrooms participated in this study. Minutes per hour of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and proportion of days meeting the IOM PA guideline were examined across three types of intervention days: days during a non-intervention period, non-program days during the intervention period, and progra...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hoza B, Shoulberg EK, Tompkins CL, Meyer LE, Martin CP, Krasner A, Dennis M, Cook H Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Curvilinear Relations Between Preschool-Aged Children's Effortful Control and Socioemotional Problems: Racial-Ethnic Differences in Functional Form.
Abstract The majority of studies of preschool-aged children's self-regulation presume that their higher levels of self-regulation are concurrently and prospectively associated with fewer externalizing and internalizing problems. This assumes their relations are only linear in form and negative, but studies with community samples of mostly non-Hispanic White children have found curvilinear or positive relations between self-regulation and socioemotional problems in early childhood. This cross-sectional study tests linear and quadratic relations between children's behavioral battery assessed effortful control and pa...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 7, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Choe DE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Impact of Perceived Personal Discrimination on Problem Behavior of Left-Behind Children: A Moderated Mediating Effect Model.
This study aimed to determine how pathological Internet use and emotional intelligence affect the relationship between perceived personal discrimination and problem behavior of left behind children. Data were collected from 406 left-behind students from 6 rural primary and secondary schools in Mainland China. Results indicated that perceived personal discrimination could be a predictor of left-behind children's pathological Internet use, and further cause their problem behavior. Pathological Internet use had a partial mediating effect on the relation between perceived personal discrimination and problem behavior. In additi...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 7, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Wang S, Xie F Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers.
Abstract An adverse relationship between screen exposure time and brain functional/structural connectivity was reported in typically developing children, specifically related to neurobiological correlates of reading ability. As children with reading difficulties (RD) suffer from impairments in reading and executive functions (EF), we sought to determine the association between the ratio of screen time duration to reading time duration and functional connectivity of EF networks to the entire brain in children with RD compared to typical readers (TRs) using resting state data. Screen/reading time ratio was related t...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Horowitz-Kraus T, DiFrancesco M, Greenwood P, Scott E, Vannest J, Hutton J, Dudley J, Altaye M, Farah R Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Measuring What Matters to Individuals with Angelman Syndrome and Their Families: Development of a Patient-Centered Disease Concept Model.
Abstract Angelman syndrome (AS) is a complex, heterogeneous, and life-long neurodevelopmental disorder. Despite the considerable impact on individuals and caregivers, no disease-modifying treatments are available. To support holistic clinical management and the development of AS-specific outcome measures for clinical studies, we conducted primary and secondary research identifying the impact of symptoms on individuals with AS and their unmet need. This qualitative research adopted a rigorous step-wise approach, aggregating information from published literature, then evaluating it via disease concept elicitation in...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - September 2, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Willgoss T, Cassater D, Connor S, Krishnan ML, Miller MT, Dias-Barbosa C, Phillips D, McCormack J, Bird LM, Burdine RD, Claridge S, Bichell TJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Patterns of Associations Between Maternal Symptoms and Child Problem Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Mentalization, Negative Intentionality, and Unsupportive Emotion Socialization.
We examined how maternal depression, anxiety, hostility, mentalization, negative intentionality (NI), and unsupportive emotion socialization (UES) predict child internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors (CIEPB). Mothers (N = 537) of toddlers (Mage = 23.26 months, Range 10-44 months) completed the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire, the Infant Intentionality Questionnaire, the Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale, and the Child Behavior Checklist. All maternal symptoms negatively predicted mentalization and positively predicted N...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Arikan G, Kumru A Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Developmental Course and Risk Factors of Physical Aggression in Late Adolescence.
This study examined risk factors of physical aggression during transition from early to late adolescence using a two-wave longitudinal study. Specifically, we examined if risk factors in early adolescence predict physically aggressive behavior starting in late adolescence and why some adolescents desist physical aggressive behavior while others do not. The study sample consisted of 2289 Norwegian adolescents (1235 girls) who participated in the Young-HUNT1 study (mean age 14.5) and the follow-up study 4 years later, Young-HUNT2 study (mean age 18.4). One in six young adolescents reported engaging in physical fights. M...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Henriksen M, Skrove M, Hoftun GB, Sund ER, Lydersen S, Tseng WL, Sukhodolsky DG Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis on Parent-Teacher Agreement on Preschoolers' Emotional and Behavioural Problems.
Abstract Based on a meta-analysis, this study aimed to examine cross-informant agreement between parents and teachers about Internalizing, Externalizing and Total Problems in preschool children using community and clinical samples and to test the effects of the type of sample, the measure used for assessments, and child sex on agreement between informants. The meta-analysis involved 23 studies assessing cross-informant agreement for preschool children. Informants were parents and teachers. The level of cross-informant agreement tended to be low. Meta-regression analyses showed that the child's sex, the type of sam...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 26, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Carneiro A, Soares I, Rescorla L, Dias P Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Suicidality in 12-Year-Olds: The Interaction Between Social Connectedness and Mental Health.
This study examined whether positive beliefs and social connectedness moderate associations between mental health symptoms and STB. A community sample of 12-year-olds (N = 60) completed self-report questionnaires on their STB, mental health symptoms, positive beliefs and social connectedness. Nearly 20% of the adolescents reported STB. STB was associated with increased mental health symptoms and lower scores on the resilience measures. A significant moderating effect of social connectedness showed that youth with a combination of poor mental health and high levels of social support exhibited lower levels of S...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 26, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Simcock G, Andersen T, McLoughlin LT, Beaudequin D, Parker M, Clacy A, Lagopoulos J, Hermens DF Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Adolescent Posttraumatic Growth: A Review.
Abstract Existing literature on posttraumatic growth following adverse experiences has questioned adolescent capacity to experience such growth given immature cognitive and affective development. The aim of this review was to conduct the first review of the literature regarding post-traumatic growth among adolescents (ages 12-18) to determine whether there is empirical evidence of adolescent post-traumatic growth. Results of the review, conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, are reported to (1) summarize existing support for adolescent post-traumatic growth within available empirical literature, (2) discuss pot...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 24, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Harmon J, Venta A Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Convergent Validity and Preliminary Cut-Off Scores for the Anxiety and Depression Subscales of the DASS-21 in US Adolescents.
Abstract Although the depression and anxiety subscales (DASS-D and DASS-A) of the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales are commonly used in adolescents, few studies have investigated the convergent validity of/potential cutoff scores for these subscales in U.S. adolescents. To address these gaps, 306 U.S. adolescents completed the DASS-21, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale (GAD7), and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CESD). The DASS-D and CESD were strongly correlated, while the DASS-A and GAD7 were strongly correlated in males and more moderately correlated in females. Using the C...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Evans L, Haeberlein K, Chang A, Handal P Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Impact of Motivation on Selected Aspects of Attention in Children with ADHD.
Abstract Earlier reports showed the co-occurrence of a motivation deficit in children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of extrinsic motivation on selected aspects of attention in children with ADHD, as well as to measure cortical activity and dimensions of motivation as per the self-determination theory. The study included 30 children with ADHD and 30 typically developing (TD) children aged 9-13 years. Children with ADHD exhibited a higher theta/beta power ratio (TBR) in the midline and a lower regional cerebral blood oxygenation (rCBO2) level in prefrontal areas measured using th...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 20, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Skalski S, Pochwatko G, Balas R Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

School Achievement and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: The Role of Self-efficacy and Peer Relationships at School.
Abstract Depressive symptoms are common during adolescence. Failure at school often relates to low self-efficacy that, in turn, is associated with depressive symptoms. Several studies have supported the role of friends in counteracting depression in adolescence. The present study tested a mediation model in which the indirect effect between school achievement and depressive symptoms, mediated by perceived self-efficacy, was moderated by peer relationships at school. Self-report questionnaires were administered to 1004 adolescents aged 14 to 18 years (M = 15.5; SD = 1.2). The modera...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Cattelino E, Chirumbolo A, Baiocco R, Calandri E, Morelli M Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Correction to: Retrospective Assessment of Behavioral Inhibition in Infants and Toddlers: Development of a Parent Report Questionnaire.
h K Abstract The original version of this article were unfortunately published with an error in "Methods" section. This has been corrected by publishing this correction article. PMID: 32797336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Gensthaler A, Möhler E, Resch F, Paulus F, Schwenck C, Freitag CM, Goth K Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Social Anxiety Status of Left-Behind Children in Rural Areas of Hunan Province and its Relationship with Loneliness.
This study was designed to investigate the situation of social anxiety among left-behind children in rural areas of Hunan Province, China, and to study the effect of social anxiety on loneliness. METHODOLOGY: A total of 797 left-behind children were selected from rural areas in Hunan Province, China. The basic information questionnaire for left-behind children, Social Anxiety Scale for Children, Perceived Social Support Scale and UCLA Loneliness Scale were used for investigation. RESULTS: (1) The social anxiety score of left-behind children in China is 6.84 ± 4.28, higher than non-left-behind...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Li M, Ren Y, Sun H Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Household and Family Alcohol Use and Adolescent Behavioural Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
Abstract Exposure to alcohol misuse is considered an adverse childhood experience impacting on neurodevelopmental and behavioural outcomes in adolescents including substance use, mental illness, problem behaviours, suicidality, and teenage pregnancy. Most research on this issue has focussed on higher income countries, whereas patterns of alcohol use and related factors may be different in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This systematic review therefore seeks to collate all published studies from 1990-2020 on the topic set in LMICs. 43 studies were included, totalling 70,609 participan...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Jokinen T, Alexander EC, Manikam L, Huq T, Patil P, Benjumea D, Das I, Davidson LL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Identifying the Contributions of Maternal Factors and Early Childhood Externalizing Behavior on Adolescent Delinquency.
We examined whether childhood externalizing group subtypes were uniquely related to maternal depression and victimization and whether these subtypes differentially predicted adolescent delinquency. Data were drawn from the Longitudinal Study on Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) consortium (N = 1091; 51.3% female, 52.2% African American). Latent class analysis indicated three groups at age 4 (titled "well-adjusted," "hyperactive/oppositional," and "aggressive/rule-breaking"). Caregiver victimization and depression significantly predicted group membership such that aggressive/rule...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Schmidt AT, Camins JS, Henderson CE, Christensen MR, Magyar MS, Crosby JW, Boccaccini MT Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Association Between Prescribed Hypnotics in Infants and Toddlers and Later ADHD: A Large Cohort Study from Norway.
eit S Abstract As previously indicated an association may exist between early sleep problems in infants and toddlers, and a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of this study was to study if this association could be replicated in a complete nationwide cohort of children. Prospective cohort study using national registries. All children born in Norway from January 2004 to December 2010 were included (N = 410,555). Information on hypnotic drugs dispensed to children 0-3 years of age outside of institutions was collected from the Norwegian Prescription Database and ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Holdø I, Bramness JG, Handal M, Hansen BH, Hjellvik V, Skurtveit S Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Initial Challenges of Caregiving During COVID-19: Caregiver Burden, Mental Health, and the Parent-Child Relationship.
Abstract Research confirms that the mental health burdens following community-wide disasters are extensive, with pervasive impacts noted in individuals and families. It is clear that child disaster outcomes are worst among children of highly distressed caregivers, or those caregivers who experience their own negative mental health outcomes from the disaster. The current study used path analysis to examine concurrent patterns of parents' (n = 420) experience from a national sample during the early months of the U.S. COVID-19 pandemic. The results of a multi-group path analysis, organized by parent gen...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 4, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Russell BS, Hutchison M, Tambling R, Tomkunas AJ, Horton AL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Treatment Refractory Internalizing Behaviour Across Disorders: An Aetiological Model for Severe Emotion Dysregulation in Adolescence.
Abstract Auto-aggressive behaviour, especially treatment refractory suicidality in adolescents with psychiatric disorders, may be challenging to clinicians. In search of therapeutic possibilities, we have integrated current opinions regarding causality and interdependency of suicidality and auto-aggressive behaviour across disorders within the HiTOP framework. We propose a developmental model regarding these unsettling behaviours in youths that may help to guide future directions for research and interventions. We argue that the interdependent development of biologic factors, attachment, moral reasoning and emotio...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - August 3, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Herpers PCM, Neumann JEC, Staal WG Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Community-Based Prevalence of Externalizing and Internalizing Disorders among School-Aged Children and Adolescents in Four Geographically Dispersed School Districts in the United States.
Abstract The Project to Learn About Youth-Mental Health (PLAY-MH; 2014-2018) is a school-based, two-stage study designed to estimate the prevalence of selected mental disorders among K-12 students in four U.S.-based sites (Colorado, Florida, Ohio, and South Carolina). In Stage 1, teachers completed validated screeners to determine student risk status for externalizing or internalizing problems or tics; the percentage of students identified as being at high risk ranged from 17.8% to 34.4%. In Stage 2, parents completed a structured diagnostic interview to determine whether their child met criteria for fourteen exte...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Danielson ML, Bitsko RH, Holbrook JR, Charania SN, Claussen AH, McKeown RE, Cuffe SP, Owens JS, Evans SW, Kubicek L, Flory K Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Sleep Problems of Children with Autism May Independently Affect Parental  Quality of Life.
Sleep Problems of Children with Autism May Independently Affect Parental Quality of Life. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2020 Jul 28;: Authors: Liu R, Dong H, Wang Y, Lu X, Li Y, Xun G, Ou J, Shen Y, Xia K, Zhao J Abstract The current study explored how and to what extent sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impacted their parents' quality of life (QOL). A total of 440 ASD children and 344 age-matched typically developing (TD) children were included in the case-control designed study. In the TD group, a linear regression model showed that the Children's Sleep Habits Questionn...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Liu R, Dong H, Wang Y, Lu X, Li Y, Xun G, Ou J, Shen Y, Xia K, Zhao J Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Bright Side of Grit in Burnout-Prevention: Exploring Grit in the Context of Demands-Resources Model among Chinese High School Students.
This study contributes to understanding students' emotional responses to academic stressors by integrating grit into the well-established Job Demands-Resources Model and by examining the relationship between academic demands, grit (consistency of interests, perseverance of effort), burnout, engagement, academic achievement, depression, and life satisfaction in Chinese students. We conducted a self-report study with N = 1527 Chinese high school students (Mage = 16.38 years, SD = 1.04). The results of structural equation modeling showed that after controlling for gender, socio-e...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Teuber Z, Nussbeck FW, Wild E Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A New Compassion Scale for Children and Its Psychometric Properties.
Abstract Based on a quantitative study of 756 children aged 12 to 18, this paper proposes a Compassion Scale for children. Following explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis, the final instrument consisted of 20 items grouped into three dimensions. Its three-factor structure explained 51.84% of the observed variance in the subjects' compassion. The internal consistency coefficient of the Compassion Scale was .89 and the split-half reliability coefficient was .75. As a result of the analysis, it was determined that Compassion Scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool that will be able to use to determine t...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Nas E, Sak R Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Physiological Stress Response Reactivity Mediates the Link Between Emotional Abuse and Youth Internalizing Problems.
Abstract Youth who are raised in emotionally abusive families are more likely to have poor mental health outcomes such as depression and anxiety. However, the mechanisms of this association are unclear. The present study utilized a longitudinal sample of low-SES youth (N = 101, MageT1 = 10.24) to examine stress response reactivity (i.e. vagal withdrawal, sympathetic activation, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA] axis activation) as mediators between emotional abuse and prospective youth internalizing symptoms. Results indicated that blunted HPA reactivity to a laboratory social st...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Duprey EB, Oshri A, Liu S, Kogan SM, Caughy MO Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Parental Psychopathology and Oppositional Defiant Problems in Emerging Adults: Moderated Mediation by Temperament and Gender.
Abstract Previous studies have indicated that prenatal maternal depressive symptoms predicted toddler temperament, which led to childhood irritability, an important component to ODD problems. In addition, children with ODD problems continue to have difficulties as they transition into emerging adulthood. The current study examined whether present-day emerging adult temperament mediated the relationship between perceived parental psychopathology (e.g., depressive, anxiety, and antisocial problems) and emerging adult ODD problems (e.g., affective and behavioral components). Further, emerging adult and parent gender ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 25, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: McKinney C, Stearns M Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Child disclosure, parental solicitation, and adjustment problems: Parental support as a mediator.
This study used data from 209 early adolescents to examine perceived parental support as a mediator in the associations between perceived parental solicitation and child disclosure and subsequent adjustment problems, while also examining race/ethnic group differences across non-Hispanic White and Hispanic early adolescents using multi-group path analyses. Perceived parent support did not mediate the associations between child disclosure and perceived parental solicitation and subsequent adjustment problems. However, child disclosure was directly associated with subsequent conduct problems for Hispanic adolescents. Child di...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 25, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Fernandez A, Loukas A, Pasch KE Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Parent Management Training Oregon Model and Family-Based Services as Usual for Behavioral Problems in Youth: A National Randomized Controlled Trial in Denmark.
Abstract This randomized control trial used intent-to-treat analyses to compare parent management training-Oregon model (PMTO) (N = 64) to family-based services as usual (SAU) (N = 62) in 3.5-13-year-old children and their families in Denmark. Outcomes were parent report of child internalizing and externalizing problems, parenting efficacy, parenting stress, parent sense of coherence, parent-report of life satisfaction, and parental depressive symptoms. Outcomes were measured at pretreatment, post-treatment, and 18-20 months post-treatment. Results demonstrated that both PMTO and f...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 23, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Scavenius C, Chacko A, Lindberg MR, Granski M, Vardanian MM, Pontoppidan M, Hansen H, Eiberg M Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Cumulative and Differential Relation of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Substance Use During Emerging Adulthood.
This study supports the importance of examining specific adverse experiences rather than only using an overall measure and provides some counterintuitive results that may be linked to resilient mechanisms. PMID: 32700097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 22, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Villanueva L, Gomis-Pomares A Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence and Food Insecurity Predict Early Behavior Problems Among South African Children over 5-years Post-Birth.
Abstract Households experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) and food insecurity are at high risk of lifelong physical and behavioral difficulties. Longitudinal data from a perinatal home-visiting cluster-randomized controlled intervention trial in South Africa townships were used to examine the relationships between household settings and mothers' histories of risk and children's behavior problems at 3 and 5 years of age. IPV, food insecurity, maternal depressed mood, and geriatric pregnancy (at age of 35 or older) were consistently associated with children's internalizing and externalizing behavior prob...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hayati Rezvan P, Tomlinson M, Christodoulou J, Almirol E, Stewart J, Gordon S, Belin TR, Rotheram-Borus MJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire for Depression in Youth: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.
Abstract We aimed to assess cross-cultural differences in depressive symptoms and the validity of the Korean version of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ). Four hundred and sixty-four children and adolescents (aged 7-19, 278 girls) with any psychiatric diagnosis, 290 of whom had major depressive disorder, were included. The levels of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents were evaluated by children/adolescents and their parents. We conducted Pearson's r and Cronbach's α, confirmative factor analysis and item response theory tests. The Korean version of the MFQ demonstrated excellent criterion...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kim H, Kim K, Kim JW Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Searching for the HERO in Youth: Does Psychological Capital (PsyCap) Predict Mental Health Symptoms and Subjective Wellbeing in Australian School-Aged Children and Adolescents?
Abstract Psychological capital (PsyCap) comprising the positive psychological resources of hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism (HERO) has strong empirical associations with increased wellbeing and reduced mental health symptoms in adult samples. Emerging studies of PsyCap among school-age students have also shown preliminary, positive associations between PsyCap and student wellbeing. The present study is the first to examine PsyCap-HERO constructs and associations with both mental health symptoms and subjective wellbeing in school-aged children and adolescents (aged 9-14 years). A convenience sample of ...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Finch J, Farrell LJ, Waters AM Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Childhood Anxiety: Prenatal Maternal Stress and Parenting in the QF2011 Cohort.
In this study we examine whether specific 'anxiety-maintaining' parenting behaviors (i.e., overinvolvement and/or negativity) exacerbate the effects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) on school-age anxiety symptoms. Women (N = 230), pregnant at the time of the 2011 Queensland Floods, reported on their experience of flood-related PNMS (objective hardship, cognitive appraisal, subjective distress). At 4-years, mother-child dyads were coded for maternal overinvolvement and negativity during a challenging task; at 6-years mothers reported on their children's anxiety symptoms and their own mood, N...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: McLean MA, Cobham VE, Simcock G, Lequertier B, Kildea S, King S Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Dynamics of Child soldiers' Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Well-being: Perspectives from Bioecological Systems Theory in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Abstract Background research on children associated with armed forces and armed groups (CAAFAG) and the analysis of how to facilitate their social reintegration and human development reveals a variety of complex individual and collective challenges with which they are confronted; however, their social and cultural environment, and the risks that may impede their future development and well-being, remain understudied. This empirical research reports the results of descriptive and correlational analyses of data emanating from author-administered interviews, and focus group discussions with 128 CAAFAG and two psychol...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Kiyala JCK Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Diagnostic Biomarker for Pediatric Generalized Anxiety Disorder Using the Error-Related Negativity.
Abstract The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential following a mistake that is a putative biomarker of anxiety. The study assessed the ERN as a diagnostic biomarker using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in 96 cases with anxiety disorders (AD) and 96 matched healthy controls (HC) ages 8 to 18 years. Forty-one cases had generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); 55 cases had other anxiety disorders (OAD) without GAD. ERN amplitude was significantly increased in AD cases compared to HC. The area under the curve (AUC) in the ROC analysis was 0.64, indicat...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hanna GL, Liu Y, Rough HE, Surapaneni M, Hanna BS, Arnold PD, Gehring WJ Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Parent Distress Intolerance, Repetitive Negative Thinking, and Mental Health Service Use.
This study examined the relationship between parental DI and RNT on mental health treatment seeking for parents themselves and their children. Results suggest higher DI and RNT predict service use among parents (p 
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Patel ZS, Casline E, Jensen-Doss A, Timpano KR Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Latent Class Analysis of Perceived Neighborhood Conditions Associated with Mental Disorders Among Children in the United States.
Abstract The current study examined the association between perceived neighborhood conditions and common childhood mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of children in the U.S. The data were derived from the 2017 National Survey of Children's Health, including American children aged 6-17 years (N = 15,438). Latent class analysis was used to identify subtypes of perceived neighborhood conditions regarding neighborhood physical environment, social capital, and violence. Three classes were identified: Ideal Neighborhood (55.99%); Insufficient Assets (27.38%), and Broken and Un...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - July 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Li X, Fu Q, Leigh I, Humphrey D Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Comorbid Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms Among Children with ADHD: The Influence of Parental Distress, Parenting Practices, and Child Routines.
Abstract Emotional/behavioral concerns are common among children with ADHD. Familial factors (e.g., parental adjustment, parenting behaviors) are linked to the presence of comorbid internalizing/externalizing symptoms among children with ADHD. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate a model that includes multiple familial variables and their direct and indirect effects on child emotional and behavioral problems among children with ADHD. Participants included parents of children (6-12 years of age; M = 8.87, SD = 1.92) with a diagnosis of ADHD (N = 300). Parti...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 30, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: McRae E, Stoppelbein L, O'Kelley S, Fite P, Smith S Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Assessing the Measurement Invariance of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in School Students in China and the United Kingdom.
Abstract The current study investigated the measurement invariance of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in school-attending youth in the UK (N = 437) and China (N = 364). The original 24-item ICU and five shortened versions proposed in previous studies were tested and compared using confirmatory factor analysis in the UK sample. Results indicated that the original ICU was a poor fit in the UK sample. A shortened, 11-item version (ICU-11) featuring two factors (Callousness and Uncaring) provided the best fit and was invariant across gender in both the UK and Chinese samples. Co...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 23, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Allen JL, Shou Y, Wang MC, Bird E Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Maternal Sociodemographic Factors Are Associated with Methylphenidate Initiation in Children in the Netherlands: A Population-Based Study.
In conclusion, boys and children born to a mother of Dutch-Caucasian ethnicity were more likely to receive methylphenidate, irrespective of the presence of ADHD symptoms. PMID: 32566998 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Cheung K, El Marroun H, Dierckx B, Visser LE, Stricker BH Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Behavioural Problems in a Nationally Representative Sample of Uruguay. Characterisation of Latent Profiles by Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Depression and Family Violence.
This study aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the CBCL in a representative sample of children from Uruguay (n = 4210), identify latent profiles and characterise profiles according to sociodemographic and family environment variables (maternal depression and violence practices). Our results suggest that the CBCL 1½-5 is reliable. We replicate the seven-correlated-factor solution, which is invariant by sex and age. Three large profiles of behavioural problems were identified (high, medium and low risk) where membership in groups of higher risk was explained by the soci...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vásquez-Echeverría A, Alvarez-Nuñez L, González M, Rudnitzky F Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Power of Systemizing in Autism.
This study provides an overview of the current state of research regarding the systemizing concept. High systemizing abilities are characteristic and specific in autism and as a result, three non-social features of autism are seen: restricted and repetitive behavior, obsessional interests, and, savant skills. We found solid evidence that, in order to identify autism in clinical practice, at least the use of an instrument which is specialized in measuring one's systemizing abilities is required. PMID: 32529539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development)
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: van der Zee E, Derksen JJL Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Atypical Sensory Processing Profiles and Their Associations With Motor Problems In Preschoolers With Developmental Coordination Disorder.
Abstract The aims of this study were to identify sensory processing profiles specific to preschoolers with DCD in a community sample and examine the association of sensory processing problems with motor coordination difficulties in these children. Sixty-three 5-year-old children with DCD and without other neurodevelopmental disorders and 106 age-matched typically developing children participated in this study. Sensory processing problems were assessed using the Sensory Profile. Our results demonstrated problems in wide sensory processing patterns (low registration, sensitivity and avoiding) and areas (auditory, ve...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 11, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Mikami M, Hirota T, Takahashi M, Adachi M, Saito M, Koeda S, Yoshida K, Sakamoto Y, Kato S, Nakamura K, Yamada J Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Anxiety Symptoms Differ in Youth With and Without Tic Disorders.
Abstract We compared anxiety symptoms in youth with and without tic disorders by comparing scores on the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) in youth with tic disorders to those in a concurrent community control group and in a group of treatment-seeking anxious youth from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). Data from 176 youth with tic disorders, 93 control subjects, and 488 CAMS participants were included. Compared to youth with tic disorders, controls had lower total MASC scores (p 
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Vermilion J, Pedraza C, Augustine EF, Adams HR, Vierhile A, Lewin AB, Collins AT, McDermott MP, O'Connor T, Kurlan R, van Wijngaarden E, Murphy TK, Mink JW Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Interplay of Depression and Hostile Attributions in the Link Between PTSD Symptoms and Peer Victimization in Child Victims of Sexual Abuse.
This study sought to test a serial mediation model in which depressive symptoms and hostile attributions mediate the relationship between post-traumatic stress symptoms and peer victimization in a sample of child victims of sexual abuse. Participants included 771 children aged 6 to 12 years old, consulting specialized intervention settings following disclosure of sexual abuse. Children completed questionnaires assessing their levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms, depressive symptoms and experiences of peer victimization in the school context. Vignettes were used to assess hostile attributions for instrumental and relat...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 5, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Hébert M, Tremblay-Perreault A, Myre G Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation in Elementary School-Aged Children with a Maternal History of Suicidal Behavior: A Pilot Study.
The objective of this pilot study was to compare clinical characteristics, temperament, and emotion regulation in children, aged 6-9 years, with (PH+) and without (PH-) a maternal history of suicidal behavior to determine which factors could be markers of early vulnerability. At baseline, PH+ children, compared to PH- children, demonstrated more difficulties with temperament, emotion regulation, and experienced more life events in the year prior to their baseline appointment. At study follow-ups, however, no differences were found between PH+ and PH- children. Results suggest there are some...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Sheftall AH, Bergdoll EE, James M, Bauer C, Spector E, Vakil F, Armstrong E, Allen J, Bridge JA Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research