Better Health Faster: The 5 Essential Public Health Law Services.
Authors: Burris S, Ashe M, Blanke D, Ibrahim J, Levin DE, Matthews G, Penn M, Katz M PMID: 28123219 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

New Produce Safety Regulations: Promises and Challenges.
Authors: Yang YT, Swinburne M PMID: 28123220 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

High Risk Behaviors but Low Injury-Related Mortality Among Hispanic Teens in Missouri.
CONCLUSION: Injury-related risk behaviors were more prevalent among Hispanic students than non-Hispanic white or non-Hispanic black students. Further efforts are needed to understand risk behaviors among Hispanic teens to guide intervention efforts. PMID: 28123221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Homelessness, Unsheltered Status, and Risk Factors for Mortality: Findings From the 100     000 Homes Campaign.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need to assertively reach out to vulnerable populations and provide interventions to assist them during their transition-for example, as they exit incarceration or age out of foster care. Such a response could prevent unsheltered homelessness and thereby address increased mortality risk. Connecting people with resources to increase their access to employment, benefits, and other sources of income is especially important. PMID: 28123222 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using Population-Size Estimation and Cross-sectional Survey Methods to Evaluate HIV Service Coverage Among Key Populations in Burkina Faso and Togo.
CONCLUSIONS: HIV service coverage among MSM and FSWs in Burkina Faso and Togo was low in 2013. Interventions for improving engagement of these at-risk populations in the HIV continuum of care should include frequent, routine HIV testing and linkage to evidence-based HIV treatment services. Population-size estimates can be used to inform governments, policy makers, and funding agencies about where elements of HIV service coverage are most needed. PMID: 28123223 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Access to Cancer Care and General Medical Care Services Among Cancer Survivors in the United States: An Analysis of 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Data.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides nationally representative data on the proportion of cancer survivors who have access to necessary cancer care and yields insight into factors that impede survivors' access to both cancer care and general medical care. This study is a reference for future work on access to care. PMID: 28123224 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

State Trauma Registries as a Resource for Occupational Injury Surveillance and Research: Lessons From Washington State, 1998-2009.
CONCLUSIONS: Workers' compensation and hospital discharge databases are important but incomplete data sources for work-related injuries; many work-related injuries are not billed to, reported to, or covered by workers' compensation. Trauma registries are well positioned to capture severe work-related injuries and should be included in comprehensive injury surveillance efforts. PMID: 28123225 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Burden of Bites by Dogs and Other Animals in Los Angeles County, California, 2009-2011.
CONCLUSIONS: Animal-to-human bites can often lead to medical complications. Surveillance is essential in helping to identify, manage, and reduce these highly preventable injuries and direct public health actions and policies on animal bite risk and prevention. PMID: 28123226 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Scan of CDC-Authored Articles on Legal Epidemiology, 2011-2015.
CONCLUSION: Results of the scan can be used to identify opportunities for the agency to better support research, professional development, networking, publication, and tracking of publication in this emerging field. PMID: 28123227 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

VA Suicide Prevention Applications Network: A National Health Care System-Based Suicide Event Tracking System.
CONCLUSION: Evaluation of administrative data suggests that use of SPAN substantially increases the collection of data on suicide attempters as compared with the use of medical records alone, but neither SPAN nor the VHA's medical records identify all suicide attempters. Further research is needed to better understand the strengths and limitations of both systems and how to best combine information across systems. PMID: 28123228 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

All-Cause Mortality Among US Veterans of the Persian Gulf War: 13-Year Follow-up.
CONCLUSION: The vital status and mortality risk of Gulf War and non-Gulf War veterans should continue to be investigated. PMID: 28123229 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Are Internalized Metals a Long-term Health Hazard for Military Veterans?
Authors: Kalinich JF, Kasper CE PMID: 28123230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Long-term Health Consequences of Military Service: A Proposal to Strengthen Surveillance and Research.
Authors: Chretien JP, Chretien KC, Pavlin JA PMID: 28123231 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Demographic, Military, and Health Characteristics of VA Health Care Users and Nonusers Who Served in or During Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom, 2009-2011.
Authors: Dursa EK, Barth SK, Bossarte RM, Schneiderman AI Abstract An estimated 60% of all Operation Enduring Freedom / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans who have left the military had used the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) for health care services as of March 31, 2015. What is not known, however, are the differences in demographic, military, and health characteristics between OEF/OIF veterans who use the VA for health care and OEF/OIF veterans who do not. We used data from the 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans to explore these differences. We found that VA health...
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Constitution and the Public's Health: The Consequences of the US Supreme Court's Medicaid Decision in NFIB v Sebelius.
Authors: Sunkara V, Rosenbaum S PMID: 28123233 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

When Must State Public Health Laws Contain Religious Exemptions? Stormans, Inc v Weisman.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 28123234 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Empowering Legacy of Academic Public Health.
Authors: Frenk J PMID: 28123235 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28123236 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Prevalence of HIV Testing Provision at Community Organizations Serving Young People in a Mid-Atlantic City, 2013-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HIV testing provision at organizations serving young people in this mid-Atlantic city was low, and few organizations offered linkages to HIV testing. Strategies are needed to increase the provision of HIV testing at community organizations serving young people, whether through direct or linked approaches. PMID: 28118800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 26, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Inspection Frequency, Sociodemographic Factors, and Food Safety Violations in Chain and Nonchain Restaurants, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2013-2014.
Authors: Leinwand SE, Glanz K, Keenan BT, Branas CC Abstract OBJECTIVES: We explored how restaurant inspection frequency and restaurant neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics are related to food safety inspection outcomes in chain and nonchain restaurants to better understand external factors that may influence inspection outcomes. METHODS: We categorized the results of restaurant inspections in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2013 and 2014 by restaurant type (chain or nonchain), inspection frequency (1, 2, or ≥3 per 2-year study period), and violation type (total number of violations, foodborne-illnes...
Source: Public Health Reports - January 8, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Fifty Years of Global Immunization at CDC, 1966-2015.
Authors: Mast EE, Cochi SL, Kew OM, Cairns KL, Bloland PB, Martin R PMID: 28005470 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

In Memoriam.
Authors: Foster AJ, Kelliher R, Mazzaschi AJ, Feiden K PMID: 28005471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Stepping Into Healthier Communities.
Authors: PMID: 28005472 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Progress on Broadband Access to the Internet and Use of Mobile Devices in the United States.
Authors: Serrano KJ, Thai CL, Greenberg AJ, Blake KD, Moser RP, Hesse BW Abstract Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) aims to improve population health outcomes through several objectives, including health communication and health information technology. We used 7 administrations of the Health Information National Trends Survey to examine HP2020 goals toward access to the Internet through broadband and mobile devices (N = 34 080). We conducted descriptive analyses and obtained predicted marginals, also known as model-adjusted risks, to estimate the association between demographic characteristics and use of mobile d...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Influence of Social Support on Dyadic Functioning and Mental Health Among Military Personnel During Postdeployment Reintegration.
CONCLUSION: Findings here highlight the need to continue to explore ways in which social support, particularly from family and nonmilitary-connected peers, can bolster healthy intimate partner relationships and, in turn, improve the well-being of military service members who are deployed. PMID: 28005474 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Parental Deployment, Adolescent Academic and Social-Behavioral Maladjustment, and Parental Psychological Well-being in Military Families.
CONCLUSION: Long deployments are associated with adolescents' academic and social-behavioral maladjustments and diminished parental well-being, especially among boys and military fathers. PMID: 28005475 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Multi-Angle Imager for Aerosols.
Authors: Liu Y, Diner DJ PMID: 28005476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Correlates of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in the Targeted Testing Program of the New York City Jail System.
CONCLUSION: These data reveal differences in HCV infection by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomics in a large jail population, suggesting that a focused public health intervention is required and that universal screening may be warranted. Further sensitivity and cost-benefit analyses are needed to make this determination. PMID: 28005477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Promising Strategies to Remove Inexpensive Sweet Tobacco Products From Retail Stores.
Authors: Sbarra C, Reid M, Harding N, Li W PMID: 28005478 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Exploring Costing Methods for Environmental Health Services in North Carolina.
The objectives of this study were to (1) derive cost estimates for 2 commonly provided environmental health services-food and lodging inspections and on-site water services-and (2) explore factors that drive variations in costs, focusing on the roles of economies of scale and scope. Using data from 15 local health departments in North Carolina, we found that costs varied substantially. A bivariate analysis found evidence of economies of scale: higher volumes of services were associated with lower costs per service. Providing a greater scope of services, however, was not consistently associated with reduced costs. In-depth ...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HIV-1 Infection and Transmission Networks of Younger People in Chicago, Illinois, 2005-2011.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate a need to address HIV transmission through the networks of younger non-Hispanic black men who have sex with men. The high level of geographic heterogeneity observed suggests that HIV prevention programs should be targeted toward networks of younger people rather than geographic areas of high incidence. This study could also guide prevention efforts in other diverse metropolitan regions with characteristics similar to those of Chicago. PMID: 28005480 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends in Testing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex From US Public Health Laboratories, 2009-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Public health laboratories contribute substantially to TB diagnoses in the United States. Although testing volumes mostly decreased, the increase in NAA testing indicates continued progress in rapid M tuberculosis complex detection. PMID: 28005481 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28005482 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Lens Toward Value-Based Preventive Care and Population Health.
A Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Lens Toward Value-Based Preventive Care and Population Health. Public Health Rep. 2017 Jan/Feb;132(1):6-10 Authors: Burd C, Brown NC, Puri P, Sanghavi D PMID: 28005483 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

State Health Department Requirements for Reporting of Antibiotic-Resistant Infections by Providers, United States, 2013 and 2015.
Authors: Pogorzelska-Maziarz M, Carter EJ, Manning ML, Larson EL Abstract Due to the high burden of antibiotic-resistant infections, several US states mandate public reporting of these infections. To examine the extent to which state departments of health require reporting of antibiotic-resistant infections, we abstracted data from lists of reportable conditions from all 50 states at 2 time points, May 2013 and May 2015. Requirements varied substantially by state. In 2015, most states (n = 44) required reporting of at least 1 antibiotic-resistant infection; vancomycin-intermediate and/or vancomycin-resistant Staphy...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Infectious Disease Hospitalizations Among American Indian/Alaska Native and Non-American Indian/Alaska Native Persons in Alaska, 2010-2011.
Authors: Gounder PP, Holman RC, Seeman SM, Rarig AJ, McEwen M, Steiner CA, Bartholomew ML, Hennessy TW Abstract OBJECTIVE: Reports about infectious disease (ID) hospitalization rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons have been constrained by data limited to the tribal health care system and by comparisons with the general US population. We used a merged state database to determine ID hospitalization rates in Alaska. METHODS: We combined 2010 and 2011 hospital discharge data from the Indian Health Service and the Alaska State Inpatient Database. We used the merged data set to calculate average ...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Student Practicum as a Bridge to Governmental Public Health Practice.
Authors: Burke EM, Biberman DA PMID: 28005486 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Perinatal HIV Exposure Surveillance and Reporting in the United States, 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that data on perinatal exposure collected through the current system are inadequate to comprehensively monitor and prevent perinatal HIV exposure and transmission. Comprehensive PHES data collection and reporting are needed to sustain the progress that has been made toward lowering perinatal HIV transmission rates. We propose that minimum standards be established for perinatal HIV exposure reporting to improve the completeness, quality, and efficiency of PHES in the United States. PMID: 28005487 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Doctor of Public Health Education and Training.
Authors: Sherman BR, Hoen R, Lee JM, Declercq ER PMID: 28005488 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor.
Authors: PMID: 27453590 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Reducing Exposure to Secondhand Smoke: Let's Keep the Momentum Going.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 27453591 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 27453592 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Public Health 3.0: Applying the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Authors: DeSalvo KB PMID: 27453593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Evolution of Public Health-Hospital Collaboration in the United States.
Authors: Prybil LD, Scutchfield FD, Dixon RE PMID: 27453594 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

An Approach to Achieving the Health Equity Goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Communities.
Authors: McCree DH, Beer L, Prather C, Gant Z, Harris N, Sutton M, Sionean C, Dunbar E, Smith J, Wortley P PMID: 27453595 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Coccidioidomycosis-Associated Deaths in California, 2000-2013.
Authors: Sondermeyer GL, Lee LA, Gilliss D, Vugia DJ Abstract The number of cases of coccidioidomycosis and associated hospitalizations increased in California during 2000-2013. During that period, a total of 1,098 death records listed coccidioidomycosis as a cause, averaging 78 deaths annually (range: 43-108). The death rate peaked in 2006 and was significantly higher among males than among females, among African American patients than among white patients, and among residents of the coccidioidomycosis-endemic region of California than among residents of the less endemic regions (p
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Estimating the Impact of Raising Prices and Eliminating Discounts on Cigarette Smoking Prevalence in the United States.
Authors: Marynak KL, Xu X, Wang X, Holmes CB, Tynan MA, Pechacek T Abstract The average retail price per pack of cigarettes is less than $6, which is substantially lower than the $10 per-pack target established in 2014 by the Surgeon General to reduce the smoking rate. We estimated the impact of three cigarette pricing scenarios on smoking prevalence among teens aged 12-17 years, young adults aged 18-25 years, and adults aged ≥26 years, by state: (1) $0.94 federal tax increase on cigarettes, as proposed in the fiscal year 2017 President's budget; (2) $10 per-pack retail price, allowing discounts; and (3) $10 per...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Performance of Risk-Based and Birth-Cohort Strategies for Identifying Hepatitis C Virus Infection Among People Entering Prison, Wisconsin, 2014.
We examined the prevalence of HCV infection among male and female inmates entering two Wisconsin prisons and evaluated existing and alternate risk-based strategies for identifying HCV infection at intake. METHODS: We added HCV testing to the intake procedures for all 1,239 adults prison entrants at the Wisconsin Department of Corrections (WDOC) from November 3, 2014, to January 31, 2015. We identified risk factors associated with HCV infection during the routine intake examination and calculated the sensitivity and specificity of risk-based testing strategies for identifying HCV infection. RESULTS: The prevalence o...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tracing Airline Travelers for a Public Health Investigation: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Infection in the United States, 2014.
CONCLUSION: To prevent the introduction and spread of newly emerging infectious diseases, travelers need to be located and contacted quickly. PMID: 27453599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessment of Administrative Medical Claims Data for Public Health Surveillance of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Fasciitis in Tennessee.
CONCLUSION: Administrative claims data have the potential to augment disease surveillance but require a large investment in resources compared with the few NF cases identified. PMID: 27453600 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research