A Message from the Editor.
Authors: PMID: 26843659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evidence of Support for Smoke-Free Public Housing Among New York City Residents.
Authors: Farley SM, Schroth KR, Curtis CJ, Angell S PMID: 26843660 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26843661 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HRSA's Transformation of Public Health Training.
Authors: Bigley MB PMID: 26843662 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Shift to High-Impact HIV Prevention by Health Departments in the United States.
Authors: Purcell DW, McCray E, Mermin J PMID: 26843663 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Call for Greater Consideration for the Role of Vaccines in National Strategies to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 10, 2015.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 26843664 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Overcoming Barriers to Low HPV Vaccine Uptake in the United States: Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 9, 2015.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 26843665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hepatitis A Infections Among Food Handlers in the United States, 1993-2011.
Authors: Sharapov UM, Kentenyants K, Groeger J, Roberts H, Holmberg SD, Collier MG Abstract We reviewed news reports of hepatitis A virus (HAV)-infected food handlers in the United States from 1993 to 2011 using the LexisNexis® search engine. Using U.S. news reports, we identified 192 HAV-infected food handlers who worked while infectious; of these HAV-infected individuals, 34 (18%) transmitted HAV to restaurant patrons. News reports of HAV-infected food handlers declined from 1993 to 2011. This analysis suggests that universal childhood vaccination contributed to the decrease in reports of HAV-infected food ha...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using a Handheld Device for Patient Data Collection: A Pilot for Medical Countermeasures Surveillance.
This study, conducted within the Mini-Sentinel Initiative, sought to develop the patient identification and matching processes necessary to assess safety outcomes for MCMs. A handheld device was used to collect identifying information (e.g., name, birthdate, and sex) from the driver's licenses of 421 individuals presenting for routine care at their primary care medical office. Overall, 374 individuals (88.8%) could be linked to their electronic health data using driver's license information. The device was also pilot-tested at a seasonal influenza immunization clinic: detailed vaccine information (e.g., lot number and manu...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Tool for Providing Data on Small Areas: Development of Neighborhood Profiles for Santa Clara County, California, 2014.
We describe a tool-neighborhood profiles-that provides a way for public health agencies and their partners to define neighborhood boundaries, select indicators, and disseminate data in a user-friendly format. We also share lessons learned, including the importance of involving planning departments in boundary definition to ensure relevance to the community, selecting a framework that links indicators to broader conceptual categories that can highlight disparities, and forming a team with the diverse skills necessary for planning and developing the profiles. PMID: 26843668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating Public Health and Deliberative Public Bioethics: Lessons from the Human Genome Project Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Program.
We describe how deliberative public bioethics is a method of engagement that can be helpful in public health. Although medical, research, and public health ethics can be considered some of what bioethics addresses, deliberative public bioethics offers both a how and where. Using the Human Genome Project Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications program as an example of effective incorporation of deliberative processes to integrate ethics into public health policy, we examine how deliberative public bioethics can integrate both public health and bioethics perspectives into three areas of public health practice: research, educ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Shifting Resources and Focus to Meet the Goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: The Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.
Authors: Flores SA, Purcell DW, Fisher HH, Belcher L, Carey JW, Courtenay-Quirk C, Dunbar E, Eke AN, Galindo CA, Glassman M, Margolis AD, Neumann MS, Prather C, Stratford D, Taylor RD, Mermin J, ECHPP Project Team Abstract In September 2010, CDC launched the Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning (ECHPP) project to shift HIV-related activities to meet goals of the 2010 National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). Twelve health departments in cities with high AIDS burden participated. These 12 grantees submitted plans detailing jurisdiction-level goals, strategies, and objectives for HIV prevention and care activities...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Critical Assessment of Officially Reported Chagas Disease Surveillance Data in Mexico.
CONCLUSION: While increasing trends in officially reported data have been observed, large discrepancies in case estimates compromise our understanding of Chagas disease epidemiology. Reported cases based on current practices are not enough to correctly assess the Chagas disease burden and spatial distribution in Mexico. Understanding the true epidemiology of this disease will lead to more focused and successful control and prevention strategies to decrease disease burden. PMID: 26843671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation Framework for HIV Prevention and Care Activities in the Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.
CONCLUSION: The ECHPP evaluation (2008-2015) will assess whether ECHPP programmatic activities in 12 areas with high AIDS prevalence contributed to changes in client outcomes, and whether these changes were associated with changes in longer-term, community-level impact. PMID: 26843672 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Inhaled Toxicants from Waterpipe and Cigarette Smoking.
CONCLUSIONS: One WTS session consistently exposed users to larger smoke volumes and higher levels of tobacco toxicants compared with one cigarette. These computed estimates may be valuable to emphasize in prevention programming. PMID: 26843673 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Associations Between Social Determinants of Health and Pregnancy Among Young People: A Systematic Review of Research Published During the Past 25 Years.
CONCLUSION: This research indicates a need to expand the range of SDHs that are analyzed with pregnancy among young people and to focus interventions on areas that have been determined to have an empirical link with pregnancy. PMID: 26843674 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Exposure to Suicide in the Community: Prevalence and Correlates in One U.S. State.
CONCLUSION: Exposure to suicide is pervasive and occurs beyond family; as such, it is imperative to identify those with perceived closeness to the decedent. This hidden cohort of suicide-exposed people is at elevated risk for psychopathology and suicidal ideation. PMID: 26843675 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Needs Assessment for Patients with Sickle Cell Disease in South Carolina, 2012.
CONCLUSION: Administrative datasets can provide important information on demographic gaps in care for patients with SCD. The results highlight both national and regional issues in the provision of health-care services for patients with SCD. PMID: 26843676 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluating Shared Laboratory Services: Detecting Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex and Drug Resistance Using Molecular and Culture-Based Methods.
CONCLUSION: This study revealed advantages and disadvantages associated with sharing services, and identified opportunities for improvement. Referral of specimens resulted in longer turnaround times for mycobacteriology test results and additional costs for transporting specimens. However, specialized testing such as pyrosequencing may not be available in low TB incidence areas, and these rapid results can have positive effects on patient management and TB control. PMID: 26843677 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluating Early Case Capture of Pediatric Cancers in Seven Central Cancer Registries in the United States, 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: ECC provided data rapidly and reflected national data overall with differences in several data elements. ECC also expanded cancer reporting infrastructure and increased data completeness and timeliness. Although challenges related to timeliness and increased work burden remain, indications suggest that researchers may reliably use these data for pediatric cancer studies. PMID: 26843678 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HIV Testing in Publicly Funded Settings, National Health Interview Survey, 2003-2010.
CONCLUSION: Although HIV testing in publicly funded settings increased among women during 2006-2010, testing rates remained low, and no similar increase occurred among men. As such, all test settings should increase HIV screening, particularly for men. PMID: 26843679 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Public Health Nurse Workforce in U.S. State and Local Health Departments, 2012.
CONCLUSION: PHNs were reported to have highly variable occupational classifications and educational backgrounds in health departments. Additional training opportunities are needed for PHNs with diploma and associate's degrees. A shortage of PHNs is possible due to retirement eligibility and administrative barriers to recruitment and retention. PMID: 26843680 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Agreement Between Self-Reported and Confirmed Cancer Diagnoses in New York City Firefighters and EMS Workers, 2001-2011.
CONCLUSION: We found high specificities, NPVs, and general concordance between self-reported cancer diagnoses and registry-confirmed diagnoses. Given the low population prevalence of cancer, self-reported cancer diagnoses may be useful for determining non-cancer cases. Because of the low sensitivities and PPVs for some individual cancers, however, case confirmation with state cancer registries or medical records remains critically important. PMID: 26843681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Funding for Newborn Screening Services.
CONCLUSION: Although the Affordable Care Act coverage mandate may offset some state NBS funding for the screenings themselves, federal support is still required to assure access to the full range of NBS program services. Limiting reimbursement to the costs of screening tests alone would undermine the common practice of using screening charges to fund follow-up services counseling, and medical food or formula, particularly for low-income families. PMID: 26843682 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Prevalence of Diabetes and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Rural-to-Urban Nong Zhuan Fei Migrants in an Urban Area of Northern China, 2013.
CONCLUSION: The Chinese government hopes to integrate an additional 250 million people into city living by 2025. As the NZF population increases, so may the prevalence of diabetes associated with the change from a rural to an urban lifestyle. Action is needed now by public health professionals to prevent a possible diabetes crisis in NZF communities in the future. PMID: 26843683 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Population-Based Estimates of Decreases in Quality-Adjusted Life Expectancy Associated with Unhealthy Body Mass Index.
Authors: Jia H, Zack MM, Thompson WW Abstract OBJECTIVE: Being classified as outside the normal range for body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk for chronic health conditions, poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and premature death. To assess the impact of BMI on HRQOL and mortality, we compared quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) by BMI levels. METHODS: We obtained HRQOL data from the 1993-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and life table estimates from the National Center for Health Statistics national mortality files to estimate QALE among U.S. adults by BMI c...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Department HIV Prevention Programs That Support the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: The Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these findings indicate that health departments in areas with a high burden of AIDS successfully shifted their HIV prevention resources to scale up important HIV programs and make progress toward NHAS goals. PMID: 26843685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Law and the Public's Health.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 26843686 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tax-Exempt Hospitals and Community Health Under the Affordable Care Act: Identifying and Addressing Unmet Legal Needs as Social Determinants of Health.
Authors: Crossley M, Tobin Tyler E, Herbst JL PMID: 26843687 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: PMID: 26843688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Flipping the Classroom and the Pedagogy: Using Active Learning Principles to Bring Leadership Training in Affirmative Sexuality to Public Health Education.
Authors: Austin SB PMID: 26843689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mental Health Training in Schools of Public Health: History, Current Status, and Future Opportunities.
Authors: Walker ER, Kwon J, Lang DL, Levinson RM, Druss BG PMID: 26843690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 573 in vol. 130, PMID: 26556929.]. PMID: 26843691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor.
Authors: PMID: 26556923 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Season of Hope, A Season of Action: Addressing Mental Health Through Faith Communities.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 26556924 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26556925 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Hope Multipliers: the U.S. Public Health Service in Monrovia.
Authors: Lushniak BD PMID: 26556926 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Lessons Learned from the Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions Program for Childhood Obesity Interventions.
Authors: Spoer B, Fullilove R PMID: 26556927 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Classifying Infant Deaths with a Focus on Prevention Strategies.
Authors: Kirby RS PMID: 26556928 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessing the State of Vaccine Confidence in the United States: Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 10, 2015.
Authors: PMID: 26556929 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Representativeness of Tuberculosis Genotyping Surveillance in the United States, 2009-2010.
Authors: Shak EB, France AM, Cowan L, Starks AM, Grant J Abstract Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates contributes to tuberculosis (TB) control through detection of possible outbreaks. However, 20% of U.S. cases do not have an isolate for testing, and 10% of cases with isolates do not have a genotype reported. TB outbreaks in populations with incomplete genotyping data might be missed by genotyping-based outbreak detection. Therefore, we assessed the representativeness of TB genotyping data by comparing characteristics of cases reported during January 1, 2009-December 31, 2010, that had a genotype resu...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Estimating the Size and Cost of the STD Prevention Services Safety Net.
Authors: Gift TL, Haderxhanaj LT, Torrone EA, Behl AS, Romaguera RA, Leichliter JS Abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is expected to reduce the number of uninsured people in the United States during the next eight years, but more than 10% are expected to remain uninsured. Uninsured people are one of the main populations using publicly funded safety net sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention services. Estimating the proportion of the uninsured population expected to need STD services could help identify the potential demand for safety net STD services and improve program planning. In 2013...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Youth Nonfatal Violent Injury Review Panel: An Innovative Model to Inform Policy and Systems Change.
Authors: Purtle J, Rich LJ, Rich JA, Cooper J, Harris EJ, Corbin TJ Abstract Among young people in the United States, nonfatal violent injuries outnumber fatal violent injuries by 171 to 1. The Child Fatality Review Team (CFRT) is a well-established model for informing injury prevention planning. The CFRT's restricted focus on fatal injuries, however, limits its ability to identify opportunities to prevent violent reinjury and address issues unique to nonfatal violent injuries. We adapted the CFRT model to develop and implement a Youth Nonfatal Violent Injury Review Panel. We convened representatives from 23 agenci...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Policy, Systems, and Environmental Approaches to Obesity Prevention: Translating and Disseminating Evidence from Practice.
This article describes the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Center for Training and Research Translation's (Center TRT's) approach to reviewing, translating, and disseminating practitioner-developed interventions, with the goal of providing more practical guidance on how to implement PSE intervention strategies in real-world practice. As of August 2014, Center TRT had disseminated 30 practice-based PSE interventions. This article provides an overview of Center TRT's process for reviewing, translating, and disseminating practice-based interventions and offers key lessons learned during the nine years that Center...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Model of Shared Mycobacteriology Testing Services: Lessons Learned.
CONCLUSION: The collaboration between Wadsworth Center and Rhode Island State Health Laboratories to assess shared services of TB testing highlighted a successful model that may serve as a guideline for other PHLs. The provision of additional rapid testing at a lower cost demonstrated in this study could potentially improve patient management and result in significant cost and resource savings if used in similar models across the country. PMID: 26556934 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Infant Mortality: Development of a Proposed Update to the Dollfus Classification of Infant Deaths.
CONCLUSION: The Dollfus classification system can be adapted for use with ICD-10 codes to create a comprehensive, etiology-based profile of infant deaths. The potential benefits of using Dollfus logic to guide perinatal mortality reduction strategies, particularly to maternal and child health programs and other initiatives focused on improving infant health, warrant further examination of this method's use in perinatal mortality surveillance. PMID: 26556935 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Preventive Aspirin and Other Antiplatelet Medication Use Among U.S. Adults Aged ≥40 Years: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012.
Preventive Aspirin and Other Antiplatelet Medication Use Among U.S. Adults Aged ≥40 Years: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012. Public Health Rep. 2015 Nov-Dec;130(6):643-54 Authors: Gu Q, Dillon CF, Eberhardt MS, Wright JD, Burt VL Abstract OBJECTIVE: We estimated the prevalence of preventive aspirin and/or other antiplatelet medication use and the dosage of aspirin use in the U.S. adult population. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of a representative sample (n=3,599) of U.S. adults aged ≥40 years from the National Health and Nutrition Exam...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Zombie Apocalypse: Can the Undead Teach the Living How to Survive an Emergency?
CONCLUSION: While the campaign drew unprecedented traffic to CDC's website, our findings suggest that it lacked the capability to fully achieve the agency's goals of educating people about preparedness and prompting them to get ready. This finding supports previous studies concluding that it is challenging to design public health messages that evoke positive affect as well as intended changes in intentions or behaviors. PMID: 26556937 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Household Debt and Relation to Intimate Partner Violence and Husbands' Attitudes Toward Gender Norms: A Study Among Young Married Couples in Rural Maharashtra, India.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest the need for combined gender equity and economic promotion interventions to address high levels of debt and related IPV reported among married couples in rural India. PMID: 26556938 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Association Between Neighborhood-Level Smoking and Individual Smoking Risk: Maternal Smoking Among Latina Women in Pennsylvania.
CONCLUSION: Latina women living in census tracts where more women have smoked during or immediately prior to pregnancy are themselves at higher risk of smoking during this period. PMID: 26556939 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research