Partners in Public Health.
Authors: DiPietro Mager NA, Ochs L, Ranelli PL, Kahaleh AA, Lahoz MR, Patel RV, Garza OW, Isaacs D, Clark S Abstract To collect data on public health collaborations with schools of pharmacy, we sent a short electronic survey to accredited and preaccredited pharmacy programs in 2015. We categorized public health collaborations as working or partnering with local and/or state public health departments, local and/or state public health organizations, academic schools or programs of public health, and other public health collaborations. Of 134 schools, 65 responded (49% response rate). Forty-six (71%) responding instit...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Capture-Recapture.
CONCLUSIONS: Capture-recapture was useful for identifying HBV-positive pregnant women for Philadelphia's PHBPP and for highlighting inadequacies in health department protocols and HBV testing during pregnancy. Other health departments with access to similar data sources and staff members with the necessary technical skills can adapt this method. PMID: 28406735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Administrative Preparedness Strategies: Expediting Procurement and Contracting Cycle Times During an Emergency.
Authors: Hurst D, Sharpe S, Yeager VA Abstract We assessed whether administrative preparedness processes that were intended to expedite the acquisition of goods and services during a public health emergency affect estimated procurement and contracting cycle times. We obtained data from 2014-2015 applications to the Hospital Preparedness Program and Public Health Emergency Preparedness (HPP-PHEP) cooperative agreements. We compared the estimated procurement and contracting cycle times of 61 HPP-PHEP awardees that did and did not have certain administrative processes in place. Certain processes, such as statutes allo...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Clinical Risk Factors Associated With Tuberculosis Mortality in the United States, 2009-2013.
Conclusion TB patients with certain risk factors have an elevated risk of TB-specific mortality and should be monitored before, during, and after treatment. Identifying the predictors of TB-specific mortality may help public health authorities determine which subpopulations to target and where to allocate resources. PMID: 28394707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tax Avoidance and Evasion: Cigarette Purchases From Indian Reservations Among US Adult Smokers, 2010-2011.
The objectives of this study were to (1) provide the most recent state-specific prevalence of purchases made on Indian reservations by non-American Indians/Alaska Natives (non-AI/ANs) and (2) assess the impact of these purchases on state tax revenues. We used data from a large national and state-representative survey, the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, which collects self-reported measures on cigarette use and purchases. Nationwide, 3.8% of non-AI/AN smokers reported purchasing cigarettes from Indian reservations. However, in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, and Washingto...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Legal Authority for Mosquito Control and Pesticide Use in the United States.
Authors: Pepin D, Penn M PMID: 28395143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Overcoming Barriers and Identifying Opportunities for Developing Maternal Immunizations: Recommendations From the National Vaccine Advisory Committee.
Authors: Bok K PMID: 28379782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of Diagnostic Codes in Morbidity and Mortality Data Sources for Heat-Related Illness Surveillance.
CONCLUSIONS: Using multiple data sources and all diagnosis fields may improve the sensitivity of HRI surveillance. Future studies should evaluate the impact of converting ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM codes on HRI surveillance of ED visits and hospitalizations. PMID: 28379784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Voluntarily Reported Immunization Registry Data: Reliability and Feasibility to Predict Immunization Rates, San Diego, California, 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistency in factors predicting immunization coverage levels in a telephone survey and IIS data confirmed the feasibility of using voluntarily reported IIS data to assess immunization rates in children aged 19-35 months. PMID: 28379785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 7, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Machine-Learning Algorithms to Code Public Health Spending Accounts.
CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning can be a time- and cost-saving tool for estimating public health spending in the United States. It can be used with standardized public health spending categories based on the Foundational Public Health Services model to help parse public health expenditure information from other types of health-related spending, provide data that are more comparable across public health organizations, and evaluate the impact of evidence-based public health resource allocation. PMID: 28363034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Estimating Demand for and Supply of Pediatric Preventive Dental Care for Children and Identifying Dental Care Shortage Areas, Georgia, 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Age- and service-specific information on dental care shortage areas could result in more efficient provider staffing and geographic targeting. PMID: 28358619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Feasibility Study on Using an Internet-Panel Survey to Measure Perceptions of E-cigarettes in 3 Metropolitan Areas, 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: This feasibility study found that internet-panel surveys could quickly produce community-level data for targeted public health interventions and evaluation, but they may be limited in producing estimates among subgroups. PMID: 28358990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Ground Turmeric as a Source of Lead Exposure in the United States.
Authors: Cowell W, Ireland T, Vorhees D, Heiger-Bernays W PMID: 28358991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Association Between Parental Barriers to Accessing a Usual Source of Care and Children's Receipt of Preventive Services.
CONCLUSIONS: Parents' attitudes and beliefs about having a usual source of care were strongly associated with their children's receipt of recommended preventive health services. Rates of receipt of child preventive services may be improved by addressing parents' attitudes and beliefs about having a usual source of care. Future studies should assess causes of these associations. PMID: 28358997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

An Experiential Service-Learning Project on Observed Smoking Behavior to Teach Practical Epidemiologic Skills to MPH Students, Philadelphia, 2015.
Authors: McIntire RK, DiVito BM PMID: 28346856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28257260 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Outbreak of Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Among Homeless People in Atlanta, Georgia, 2008-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: This article highlights the ongoing potential for long-lasting and far-reaching TB outbreaks, particularly among populations with untreated human immunodeficiency virus infection, mental illness, substance abuse, and homelessness. To prevent and control TB outbreaks, health departments should work with overnight homeless facilities to implement infection control measures and maintain searchable overnight rosters. PMID: 28257261 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28203116 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 18, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Crossing Boundaries.
CONCLUSIONS: To strengthen efforts to reduce smoking and tobacco-related health burdens and to monitor the effectiveness of policies and programs, Medicaid and public health agencies should prioritize tobacco cessation and develop and analyze data about smoking and cessation efforts among Medicaid beneficiaries. Recent multistate initiatives from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services seek to promote stronger collaborations in clinical prevention activities, including tobacco cessation. PMID: 28192676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessment of Impact and Recovery Needs in Communities Affected by the Elk River Chemical Spill, West Virginia, April 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: CASPER results identified the need to focus on basic public health messaging and household preparedness efforts. Recommendations included (1) encouraging households to maintain a 3-day emergency water supply, (2) identifying additional alternative sources of water for future emergencies, and (3) increasing community education to address ongoing concerns about water. PMID: 28182514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Acute Health Effects After the Elk River Chemical Spill, West Virginia, January 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Medical records, poison center data, and CASPER household surveys were inexact but useful data sources to describe overall community health effects after a large-scale chemical spill. Analyzing multiple data sources could inform epidemiologic investigations of similar events. PMID: 28182515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How States Are Tackling the Opioid Crisis.
CONCLUSIONS: US state alcohol and drug agencies demonstrated a robust response to the opioid crisis in the United States. They have pursued and expanded on an array of evidence-based initiatives aimed at the opioid crisis. Future public health efforts should focus on maintenance and further expansion of high-quality, evidence-based practices, policies, and programs. PMID: 28152337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Should Emergency Department Patients Be Alerted to the Potential Costs for Routine HIV Screening?
Authors: Waxman MJ, Merchant RC, O'Connell DA, Gallucci A, Sutton L, Ata A, Cowan EA, Fish D PMID: 28141969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Large Community Outbreak of Legionnaires' Disease Associated With a Cooling Tower in New York City, 2015.
CONCLUSIONS: A large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease caused by a cooling tower occurred in a medically vulnerable community. The outbreak prompted enactment of a new city law on the operation and maintenance of cooling towers. Ongoing surveillance and evaluation of cooling tower process controls will determine if the new law reduces the incidence of Legionnaires' disease in New York City. PMID: 28141970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Discrimination and Telomere Length Among Older Adults in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: Experiencing everyday discrimination was associated with shortened telomere length among older black adults. Further research is needed to understand the adverse physiologic effects of discrimination to create effective interventions. PMID: 28147207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems and Smoking Cessation in Arkansas, 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Most smokers who indicated smoking in the past 5 years and who tried ENDS did not stop smoking. ENDS use was inversely associated with smoking cessation. Tobacco cessation programs should tell cigarette smokers that ENDS use may not help them quit smoking. PMID: 28147209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Regulating Cooling Towers to Prevent Outbreaks of Legionnaires' Disease.
Authors: Bassett MT, Balter S PMID: 28147210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Outbreaks in the United States, 2009-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: TB outbreaks challenge frontline public health resources. Genotyping and contact investigations are important strategies for detecting and controlling TB outbreaks, particularly among people experiencing homelessness or those with mental illness. PMID: 28147211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 2, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Measuring the Prevalence of Diagnosed Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the United States Using Data From the 2012-2014 National Health Interview Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: With the use of self- or patient-reported health survey data such as the National Health Interview Survey, it is recommended that a measure asking respondents only about COPD diagnosis is not adequate for estimating the prevalence of COPD. Instead, a measure accounting for diagnoses of emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or COPD may be a better measure. Additional analyses should explore the reliability and validation of survey questions related to COPD, with special attention toward questions on chronic bronchitis. PMID: 28135423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Traumatic Brain Injury Incidence, Clinical Overview, and Policies in the US Military Health System Since 2000.
Authors: Swanson TM, Isaacson BM, Cyborski CM, French LM, Tsao JW, Pasquina PF Abstract Exposure to explosive armaments during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom contributed to approximately 14% of the 352 612 traumatic brain injury (TBI) diagnoses in the US military between 2000 and 2016. The US Department of Defense issued guidelines in 2009 to (1) standardize TBI diagnostic criteria; (2) classify TBI according to mechanism and severity; (3) categorize TBI symptoms as somatic, psychological, or cognitive; and (4) systematize types of care given during the acute and rehabilitation stages...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Engagement in the Hepatitis C Care Cascade Among Homeless Veterans, 2015.
Authors: Noska AJ, Belperio PS, Loomis TP, O'Toole TP, Backus LI Abstract The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest provider of hepatitis C virus (HCV) care nationally and provides health care to>200 000 homeless veterans each year. We used the VHA's Corporate Data Warehouse and HCV Clinical Case Registry to evaluate engagement in the HCV care cascade among homeless and nonhomeless veterans in VHA care in 2015. We estimated that, among 242 740 homeless veterans in care and 5 424 712 nonhomeless veterans in care, 144 964 (13.4%) and 188 156 (3.5%), respectiv...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Insurance and Coverage of Evidence-Based Care.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 28135426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Human Services.
Authors: Homer C PMID: 28135429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Quality Improvement Resource for Public Health Practitioners.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that PHQIX, particularly descriptions of the quality improvement initiatives, is a valued resource for public health practitioners. Users reported sharing information with colleagues and applying what they learned to their own work. These findings may relate to other efforts to disseminate quality improvement knowledge. PMID: 28135430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Food Insecurity: A Public Health Issue.
Authors: PMID: 28123203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Pregnancy Intention-More Important Than Ever.
Authors: Moskosky SB PMID: 28123204 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Identifying and Addressing the Daily Needs of Contacts of an Ebola Patient During Investigation, Monitoring, and Movement Restriction, Ohio.
Authors: McCarty CL, Karwowski MP, Basler C, Erme M, Kippes C, Quinn K, de Fijter S, DiOrio M, Braden C, Knust B, Santibañez S PMID: 28123205 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Communication Between Infectious Disease Physicians and US State and Local Public Health Agencies: Strengths, Challenges, and Opportunities.
Authors: Santibañez S, Polgreen PM, Beekmann SE, Cairns C, Filice GA, Layton M, Hughes JM Abstract Strong working relationships between infectious disease (ID) physicians and public health have resulted in the early detection of emerging infectious threats. From May 6 through June 5, 2015, we surveyed ID physicians in the Infectious Diseases Society of America's Emerging Infections Network about communications with public health. A total of 688 of 1491 (46%) members completed the survey, 624 (91%) of whom knew how to reach their health department directly for an urgent issue. Only 38 (6%) described communica...
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Identifying Patients for Overdose Prevention With ICD-9 Classification in the Emergency Department, Massachusetts, 2013-2014.
Authors: Ellison J, Walley AY, Feldman JA, Bernstein E, Mitchell PM, Koppelman EA, Drainoni ML Abstract The national rise in opioid overdose deaths signifies a need to integrate overdose prevention within healthcare delivery settings. The emergency department (ED) is an opportune location for such interventions. To effectively integrate prevention services, the target population must be clearly defined. We used ICD-9 discharge codes to establish and apply overdose risk categories to ED patients seen from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 at an urban safety-net hospital in Massachusetts with the goal of informing...
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Church-Based HIV Screening in Racial/Ethnic Minority Communities of California, 2011-2012.
We examined the results of an HIV testing program that was conducted as part of a larger intervention aimed at reducing HIV stigma at five churches in Los Angeles County, California, in 2011-2012. HIV screening identified one positive result in 323 tests but reached a substantial proportion of people who had not been tested before, including many who lacked health insurance. Although this approach may not be an efficient way to identify cases of previously unknown HIV infection, it could help achieve universal testing goals. PMID: 28123208 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Characteristics of Pregnant Women With Hepatitis B Virus Infection in 5 US Public Health Jurisdictions, 2008-2012.
CONCLUSION: One-fifth of HBsAg-positive pregnant women had documentation for HBeAg and/or HBV DNA, and about one-third reported receiving care for HBV infection during a case-managed pregnancy. Greater emphasis is needed on prenatal evaluation for HBV liver disease care and treatment among pregnant women with HBV infection. PMID: 28123209 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The 2013 HIV Continuum of Care in Tennessee: Progress Made, but Disparities Persist.
CONCLUSION: Tennessee's HIV continuum of care in 2013 showed progress toward 2015 goals. Future efforts to improve the HIV continuum of care should be directed toward vulnerable groups and regions, particularly young, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic people; injection drug users; and residents of the East Tennessee and Nashville regions. PMID: 28123210 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Rates of Traumatic Injury in Arizona, 2011-2012.
CONCLUSION: Racial/ethnic disparities in traumatic injuries persisted after adjusting for age and injury location. Understanding how these disparities differ by mechanism, intent, and alcohol use may lead to the development of more effective initiatives to prevent traumatic injury. PMID: 28123211 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Importance of Taking a Military History.
Authors: Burgo-Black AL, Brown JL, Boyce RM, Hunt SC PMID: 28123212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Cigarette Smoking and Sociodemographic, Military, and Health Characteristics of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans.
CONCLUSION: Mental and physical health, substance use, and military service characteristics shape cigarette-smoking patterns in OEF/OIF veterans. PMID: 28123213 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus and Mandatory Immunization Laws: What Can We Learn From Early Mandates?
Authors: Barraza L, Weidenaar K, Campos-Outcalt D, Yang YT PMID: 28123214 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message From the Editor.
Authors: Shaw FE PMID: 28123215 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28123216 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Being a Good Follower: An Important Component of Effective Public Health Leadership.
Authors: Mullen J PMID: 28123217 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Promise of Electronic Case Reporting.
Authors: Mac Kenzie WR, Davidson AJ, Wiesenthal A, Engel JP, Turner K, Conn L, Becker SJ, Moffatt S, Groseclose SL, Jellison J, Stinn J, Garrett NY, Helmus L, Harmon B, Richards CL, Lumpkin JR, Iademarco MF PMID: 28123218 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 28, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research