A Multisite Quality Improvement Initiative to Enhance the Adoption of Screening Practices for Intimate Partner Violence Into Routine Primary Care for Women Veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Improvement in IPV screening practices in CWHCs is a pivotal step toward enhancing care for women. Yet, even with numerous implementation supports, barriers to adoption persist at many sites. Findings on modifiable barriers and unique facilitators can inform next steps for increasing screening uptake. PMID: 33207128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Immigrant Essential Workers: Bhutanese and Burmese Refugees in the United States.
CONCLUSION: Although we had a small snowball sample, we found that working in essential industries was associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 infection among Bhutanese and Burmese refugees. We call for larger studies that include Asian immigrant subgroups, as well as immediate attention to protecting immigrant essential workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 33207130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Differences in Opioid Overdose Mortality Rates Among Middle-Aged Adults by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, 1999-2018.
We examined national trends in opioid overdose mortality rates among middle-aged adults by race/ethnicity and sex. METHODS: Using 1999-2018 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research database, we examined overdose mortality rates per 100 000 population in 2018 among adults aged 45-64 that involved natural and semisynthetic opioids, heroin, synthetic opioids (excluding methadone), and methadone. We tested for significant differences in mortality rates by race/ethnicity and sex. We plotted drug-specific trends by race/ethnicity and sex from 1999 to 2018. ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Correlates of Mental Health Symptoms Among US Adults During COVID-19, March-April 2020.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that mental health symptoms during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic were prevalent nationally, regardless of state of residence and especially among young, psychosocially vulnerable groups. PMID: 33211985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Leveraging 31 Million Google Street View Images to Characterize Built Environments and Examine County Health Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of computer vision and big data image sources makes possible national studies of the built environment's effects on health, producing data and results that may inform national and local decision-making. PMID: 33211991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using Surveillance Data to Respond to an Outbreak of Congenital Syphilis in Arizona Through Third-Trimester Screening Policies, 2017-2018.
Authors: Sykes KJ, Scranton RA, Villarroel L, Anderson BV, Salek S, Stall J Abstract INTRODUCTION: The number of congenital syphilis (CS) cases in Arizona quadrupled from an average of 14 cases annually before 2017 to 61 cases in 2018, and a statewide outbreak was declared. The Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) analyzed statewide surveillance data to identify missed opportunities for prevention and collaborated with the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (AHCCCS) to inform response activities. METHODS: ADHS developed a metric to identify missed opportunities for CS prevention during pregnanc...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Alignment of State Regulations With Breastfeeding and Beverage Best Practices for Childcare Centers and Family Childcare Homes, United States.
Authors: Lee DL, Traseira R, Navarro S, Frost N, Benjamin-Neelon SE, Cradock AL, Hecht K, Ritchie LD Abstract OBJECTIVES: Childcare is an important setting for nutrition; nearly half of young children in the United States participate in licensed childcare, where they consume up to two-thirds of their daily dietary intake. We compared state regulations for childcare with best practices to support breastfeeding and healthy beverage provision. METHODS: We reviewed regulations for childcare centers (centers) and family childcare homes (homes) in effect May-July 2016 and rated all 50 states for inclusion (1 = not in...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Model for Syphilis Screening in the Emergency Department.
We describe the advantages of screening using a reverse testing algorithm rather than the traditional method and the necessity of partnering with the Cleveland Department of Public Health for both diagnostic and follow-up logistics. PMID: 33166486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

National Support for a Menthol Cigarette Sales Ban.
The objective of this study was to update previous research on public support for a menthol ban, including examining differences in support by demographic factors, geographic region, and smoking status. METHODS: We assessed policy support among a cross-sectional sample of 2871 adults aged 18-64 from a nationally representative online panel. We calculated weighted estimates of support by demographic factors, political ideology, region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West), and smoking status (never, former, current nonmenthol, current menthol). We used weighted adjusted logistic regression analysis to examine correlates of ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Containing COVID-19 Through Contact Tracing : A Local Health Agency Approach.
We describe the contact-tracing effort's place within the broader county health agency Incident Command System, as well as the capabilities needed, team composition, special considerations, and major lessons learned by county health officials. Other local, state, tribal, territorial, and federal health officials and policy makers can use this case study to innovate, iterate, and further refine contact-tracing efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection and support community members in isolation or quarantine. PMID: 33170094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Gaps in Knowledge About COVID-19 Among US Residents Early in the Outbreak.
This study aimed to assess the US public's initial understanding about the disease and virus to inform public health communication efforts. METHODS: We conducted a survey of US households from February 28 through March 2, 2020, using a probability-based web-panel survey of 1021 US residents. To assess knowledge about COVID-19, we asked respondents a series of 16 true/false questions. We conducted descriptive statistics and linear regression analyses to examine differences in knowledge scores based on demographic and background characteristics. RESULTS: Knowledge about COVID-19 and the virus was relatively low overa...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Public Health Funding Paradox: How Funding the Problem and Solution Impedes Public Health Progress.
Authors: Fleming PJ, Spolum MM, Lopez WD, Galea S PMID: 33176109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Health and Health Disparities: COVID-19 Exposures and Mortality Among African American People in the United States.
Authors: Maness SB, Merrell L, Thompson EL, Griner SB, Kline N, Wheldon C PMID: 33176112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Routine Screening and Linkage to Care for Hepatitis C Virus in an Urban Safety-Net Health System, 2017-2019.
CONCLUSION: Patient navigation played a critical role in linkage success, but securing stable, long-term financial support for patient navigators is a challenge. PMID: 33176114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

What Strategies Are Hospitals Adopting to Address the Opioid Epidemic? Evidence From a National Sample of Nonprofit Hospitals.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence-based prevention and treatment require strong collaboration between health care and community institutions at all levels. Effective policy interventions may exist to encourage various types and sizes of nonprofit hospitals to adopt evidence-based interventions to address opioid abuse in their communities. PMID: 33176117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mental Health Providers During COVID-19 : Essential to the US Public Health Workforce and in Need of Support.
Authors: Fish JN, Mittal M PMID: 33108959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Affordable Care Act and Changes in Women's Health Insurance Coverage Before, During, and After Pregnancy in California.
CONCLUSIONS: ACA implementation resulted in a dramatic reduction in mothers in California who were uninsured before and after pregnancy. Medicaid expansion played a major role in this improvement. PMID: 33108960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using Urine Drug Testing to Estimate the Prevalence of Drug Use : Lessons Learned From the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2014.
CONCLUSION: Urine drug testing provided underestimates for the prevalence of drug use at a population level compared with self-report. Researchers should use other methods to estimate the prevalence of drug use on a population level. PMID: 33108963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The COVID-19 Pandemic: An Opportunity to Transform Higher Education in Public Health.
Authors: Resnick BA, Mui PC, Bowie J, Kanchanaraksa S, Golub E, Sharfstein JM PMID: 33108967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Public Health Approach to Tackling the Role of Culture in Shaping the Gun Violence Epidemic in the United States.
Authors: Abdalla SM, Keyes KM, Galea S PMID: 33108975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Lack of Serologic Evidence of Infection Among Health Care Personnel and Other Contacts of First 2 Confirmed Patients With COVID-19 in Illinois, 2020.
CONCLUSIONS: In serologic follow-up of the first 2 known patients in Illinois with COVID-19, we found no secondary transmission among tested contacts. Lack of seroconversion among these contacts adds to our understanding of conditions (ie, use of PPE) under which SARS-CoV-2 infections might not result in transmission and demonstrates that SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing is a useful tool to verify epidemiologic findings. PMID: 33108976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Perceptions of Public Health Priorities and Accountability Among US Mayors.
CONCLUSIONS: Mayors recognized critical health challenges at the city level but varied widely in their perceived accountability for such challenges. Findings can inform strategies to engage local policy makers in cross-sector collaborations to improve the health and overall well-being of people in cities across the United States. PMID: 33108978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Predictors of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Initiation Among Public Health Clients in Rural and Small Urban Areas in Iowa.
We described rates and predictors of HIV PrEP initiation among public health clients in rural and small urban areas in Iowa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of clients with PrEP indications served by HIV testing and disease intervention specialist/partner services (DIS/PS) programs in public health departments in Iowa from February 1, 2018, through February 28, 2019. Eligible participants were aged 18-70 and referred for PrEP by public health personnel. Participants completed surveys at enrollment addressing demographic characteristics; sexual history; previous drug use; PrEP experiences; and knowledge, at...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Cancers Attributable to Preventable Infectious Agents in Texas, 2015.
CONCLUSION: Preventable oncogenic infections contribute to cancer incidence in Texas and may affect racial/ethnic minority groups disproportionately. Infection control and prevention should be stressed as an important component of cancer prevention. PMID: 33080142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Calls to a State Poison Center Concerning Cleaners and Disinfectants From the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic Through April 2020.
We examined calls about cleaners and disinfectants to the Michigan Poison Center (MiPC) since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. We compared all calls related to exposure to cleaners or disinfectants, calls with symptoms, and calls in which a health care provider was seen during the first quarters of 2019 and 2020 and in relationship to key COVID-19 dates. From 2019 to 2020, the number of all disinfectant calls increased by 42.8%, the number of calls with symptoms increased by 57.3%, the average number of calls per day doubled after the first Michigan COVID-19 case, from 4.8 to 9.0, and the proportion of calls about disin...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sources of Support for Studies That Inform Recommendations of the Community Preventive Services Task Force.
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence base used by the CPSTF was supported by an array of sponsors, with government agencies providing the most support. Study findings highlight the need for sponsorship transparency and the role of government as a leading supporter of studies that underpin CPSTF recommendations for improving public health. PMID: 33048611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Erroneous Reporting of Deaths Attributed to Pneumonia and Influenza at 2 New York City Teaching Hospitals, 2013-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results underscore how erroneous reporting of 1 condition can lead to underreporting of other causes of death. Misapplication or misunderstanding of procedures by medical providers, rather than extrinsic factors influencing the reporting process, are key drivers of erroneous cause-of-death reporting. PMID: 33031711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Leveraging Implementation Science in the Public Health Response to COVID-19 : Child Food Insecurity and Federal Nutrition Assistance Programs.
Authors: Lane HG, Turner L, Dunn CG, Hager ER, Fleischhacker S PMID: 33031712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How History of Medicine Helps Us Understand COVID-19 Challenges.
Authors: Dolan B, Rutherford G PMID: 33019867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Barriers to and Facilitators of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Adolescents in Montana.
CONCLUSIONS: HPV vaccination rates have increased in Montana but remain lower than rates for other adolescent vaccines. Future work should focus on reducing missed opportunities, increasing parents' knowledge of and confidence in vaccination, and training medical providers on addressing common vaccine concerns. PMID: 32972304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Use of E-Cigarettes and Self-Reported Lung Disease Among US Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: People who have never smoked combustible cigarettes should refrain from starting e-cigarettes, because e-cigarettes carry a significant risk of lung disease independent of tobacco smoking. Additional prospective research into the harmful effects of e-cigarettes would help to further elucidate this link. PMID: 32972319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Care Is Failing the Most Vulnerable Patients: Three Underused Solutions.
Authors: Rochlin DH, Lee CM, Scheuter C, Platchek T, Kaplan RM, Milstein A PMID: 32962512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Redefining Pain and Addiction: Creation of a Statewide Curriculum.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first example of a statewide collaboration among diverse health professional education programs to create a single, standard curriculum. This collaborative process and the nonproprietary Arizona Pain and Addiction Curriculum may serve as a useful template for other states to enhance pain and addiction education. PMID: 32962529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Term Limits in Academic Public Health Administration.
CONCLUSION: Although term limits for deans, directors, and chairs are rare in schools and programs of public health, many deans and directors view term limits as appropriate. Schools and programs may reconsider their current policies for term limits. PMID: 32962535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Effect of Policy Change to Require Laboratory Reporting With Pregnancy Indicated for Syphilis and Hepatitis B Virus Infection, New York City, January 2013-June 2018.
Authors: PMID: 32933379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Retrospective Analysis of Blood Lead Levels in Newly Arrived Immigrant Children, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 2013-2016.
CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence to support the creation of lower age-specific guidelines for BLL screening among newly arrived immigrant children and adolescents. Future studies should elucidate appropriate age ranges for BLL testing based on epidemiologic evidence, such as age and country of origin. PMID: 32933382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Animal-Encounter Fatalities, United States, 1999-2016: Cause of Death and Misreporting.
CONCLUSIONS: Animal-encounter fatalities, analyzed by UCD alone, may be underreported. An initiating animal injury, complicated by comorbidities and fatality, may obscure the causal chain, resulting in misreporting UCD. Ongoing training for medical certifiers is recommended, highlighting accurate identification of UCD and contributing causes in the causal chain of death. PMID: 32933400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Yes, You Need a Lawyer: Integrating Legal Epidemiology Into Health Research.
Authors: Hoss A, Davis CS, Burris S PMID: 32933408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Novel Recruitment Methods for Research Among Young Adults in Rural Areas Who Use Opioids: Cookouts, Coupons, and Community-Based Staff.
CONCLUSIONS: Web-based methods need to be complemented by context-tailored, street-outreach activities to recruit rural PWUD. PMID: 32933438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Department Efforts to Increase Hepatitis C RNA Testing Among People Appearing Out of Care: Comparison of Outreach Approaches, New York City, 2017.
CONCLUSION: Reaching out to people soon after first report or prioritizing groups in which more recent contact information can be found might improve outcomes of future outreach. PMID: 32886566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Disparities Among People Infected With Influenza, Rhode Island, 2013-2018.
The objective of this study was to assess health disparities associated with influenza infection based on median household income and educational attainment. METHODS: We geocoded people with documented confirmed influenza infection by home address to identify the US Census 2010 tract in which they lived during 4 influenza surveillance seasons (2013-2014, 2015-2016, 2016-2017, and 2017-2018) in Rhode Island. We dichotomized influenza as severe if the person with influenza infection was hospitalized (ie, inpatient) or as nonsevere if the person was not hospitalized (ie, outpatient). We examined 2 socioeconomic factors: m...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Epidemiology of HIV Among People Born Outside the United States, 2010-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Characterizing non-US-born people with HIV infection is essential for developing effective HIV interventions, particularly in areas with large immigrant populations. PMID: 32805191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Maternal Health Behaviors and Infant Health Outcomes Among Arab American and Non-Hispanic White Mothers in Massachusetts, 2012-2016.
CONCLUSION: Although Arab American mothers engage in positive health behaviors, non-US-born mothers had poorer maternal health outcomes and access to prenatal care than US-born mothers, suggesting the need for targeted interventions for non-US-born Arab American mothers. PMID: 32805192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends in Hepatitis B Surveillance Among Pregnant Women in New York City, 1998-2015.
We examined epidemiologic trends among women with HBV infection who gave birth in New York City (NYC) to inform public health prevention activities. METHODS: We obtained data on HBV-infected women residing and giving birth in NYC during 1998-2015 from the NYC Perinatal HBV Prevention Program. We obtained citywide birth data from the NYC Office of Vital Statistics. We calculated the incidence of births to HBV-infected women per 100 000 live births and stratified by maternal race, birthplace, and age. We calculated annual percentage change (APC) in incidence of births to HBV-infected women by using joinpoint regression. ...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Changes in Dental Benefits and Use of Emergency Departments for Nontraumatic Dental Conditions in Massachusetts.
CONCLUSION: Strengthening dental coverage policies for adult Medicaid enrollees could decrease their reliance on EDs for NTDCs. PMID: 32795220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends in Childhood Influenza Vaccination Coverage, United States, 2012-2019.
CONCLUSIONS: Influenza vaccination coverage among children appears to have plateaued. Only about half of the children in the United States were vaccinated against influenza. Improvements in measurement of influenza vaccination and development and review of strategies to increase childhood influenza vaccination coverage are needed. PMID: 32783780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluating Population Coverage in a Regional Distributed Data Network: Implications for Electronic Health Record-Based Public Health Surveillance.
CONCLUSION: The DDN population is not a random sample of the regional adult population; it is influenced by health care use patterns and organizations participating in the DDN. Strengths and limitations of DDNs complement those of survey-based approaches. The regional DDN is a promising public health surveillance tool. PMID: 32791022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Salmonellosis Outbreak After a Large-Scale Food Event in Virginia, 2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiologic and laboratory findings indicated that Chowder A was the most likely cause of outbreak. Recommendations to prevent future outbreaks include preparation of all food on-site to ensure safe temperatures during food preparation and service. PMID: 32791024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

What Does It Meme? A Qualitative Analysis of Adolescents' Perceptions of Tobacco and Marijuana Messaging.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest the need for increased regulation of social media messaging and marketing of tobacco and marijuana, with a particular focus on regulating social media, paid influencers, and marketing that appeals to adolescents and young adults. The findings also suggest the importance of prevention programs addressing the role of social media in influencing the use of tobacco and marijuana. PMID: 32791026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Role of Law and Ethics in Recent Preparedness and Response for Vaccine-Preventable Illness.
Authors: Silverman RD PMID: 32791033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research