Expansion of Preexposure Prophylaxis Capacity in Response to an HIV Outbreak Among People Who Inject Drugs-Cabell County, West Virginia, 2019
Public Health Rep. 2021 Mar 1:33354921994202. doi: 10.1177/0033354921994202. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrom January 1, 2018, through October 9, 2019, 82 HIV diagnoses occurred among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Cabell County, West Virginia. Increasing the use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among PWID was one of the goals of a joint federal, state, and local response to this HIV outbreak. Through partnerships with the local health department, a federally qualified health center, and an academic medical system, we integrated PrEP into medication-assisted treatment, syringe services program, and primary health...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nathan W Furukawa Mathew Weimer Kara S Willenburg Michael E Kilkenny Amy D Atkins R Paul McClung Zachary Hansen Kathleen Napier Senad Handanagic Neal A Carnes Jeffrey Kemp Rinderle Robyn Neblett-Fanfair Alexandra M Oster Dawn K Smith Source Type: research

Research Synthesis, HIV Prevention Response, and Public Health: CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Project
CONCLUSIONS: The contributions of the PRS Project to HIV prevention and public health efforts in the United States can be credited to CDC's long-standing support of the project and its context within a federal prevention agency, where HIV programs and policies were developed and implemented. The effect of the PRS Project was likely facilitated by opportunities to directly influence program and policy because of connections with other research translation activities and program and policy decision making within CDC.PMID:33635724 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988871 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Linda J Koenig Cynthia M Lyles Darrel Higa Mary M Mullins Theresa A Sipe Source Type: research

State Paid Family and Medical Leave Laws: Growth and Gaps in Coverage
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 26:33354920985807. doi: 10.1177/0033354920985807. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33635739 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920985807 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler M Barton Laws Juliana Franco Eric Jutkowitz Samantha Morton Source Type: research

Nonmedical Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Events : A Systematic Review
CONCLUSION: This review suggests that people who use marijuana may be at increased risk for cardiovascular events. As states expand new laws permitting marijuana use, it will be important to monitor the effect of marijuana use on cardiovascular disease outcomes, perhaps through the inclusion of data on nonmedical marijuana use in diverse national and local surveillance systems.PMID:33636088 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988285 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peter K Yang Erika C Odom Roshni Patel Fleetwood Loustalot Sallyann Coleman King Source Type: research

Research Synthesis, HIV Prevention Response, and Public Health: CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Project
CONCLUSIONS: The contributions of the PRS Project to HIV prevention and public health efforts in the United States can be credited to CDC's long-standing support of the project and its context within a federal prevention agency, where HIV programs and policies were developed and implemented. The effect of the PRS Project was likely facilitated by opportunities to directly influence program and policy because of connections with other research translation activities and program and policy decision making within CDC.PMID:33635724 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988871 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Linda J Koenig Cynthia M Lyles Darrel Higa Mary M Mullins Theresa A Sipe Source Type: research

State Paid Family and Medical Leave Laws: Growth and Gaps in Coverage
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 26:33354920985807. doi: 10.1177/0033354920985807. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33635739 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920985807 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler M Barton Laws Juliana Franco Eric Jutkowitz Samantha Morton Source Type: research

Nonmedical Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Events : A Systematic Review
CONCLUSION: This review suggests that people who use marijuana may be at increased risk for cardiovascular events. As states expand new laws permitting marijuana use, it will be important to monitor the effect of marijuana use on cardiovascular disease outcomes, perhaps through the inclusion of data on nonmedical marijuana use in diverse national and local surveillance systems.PMID:33636088 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988285 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peter K Yang Erika C Odom Roshni Patel Fleetwood Loustalot Sallyann Coleman King Source Type: research

Research Synthesis, HIV Prevention Response, and Public Health: CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Project
CONCLUSIONS: The contributions of the PRS Project to HIV prevention and public health efforts in the United States can be credited to CDC's long-standing support of the project and its context within a federal prevention agency, where HIV programs and policies were developed and implemented. The effect of the PRS Project was likely facilitated by opportunities to directly influence program and policy because of connections with other research translation activities and program and policy decision making within CDC.PMID:33635724 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988871 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Linda J Koenig Cynthia M Lyles Darrel Higa Mary M Mullins Theresa A Sipe Source Type: research

State Paid Family and Medical Leave Laws: Growth and Gaps in Coverage
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 26:33354920985807. doi: 10.1177/0033354920985807. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33635739 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920985807 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler M Barton Laws Juliana Franco Eric Jutkowitz Samantha Morton Source Type: research

Nonmedical Marijuana Use and Cardiovascular Events : A Systematic Review
CONCLUSION: This review suggests that people who use marijuana may be at increased risk for cardiovascular events. As states expand new laws permitting marijuana use, it will be important to monitor the effect of marijuana use on cardiovascular disease outcomes, perhaps through the inclusion of data on nonmedical marijuana use in diverse national and local surveillance systems.PMID:33636088 | DOI:10.1177/0033354920988285 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peter K Yang Erika C Odom Roshni Patel Fleetwood Loustalot Sallyann Coleman King Source Type: research

A Census Tract-Level Examination of Differences in Social Determinants of Health Among People With HIV, by Race/Ethnicity and Geography, United States and Puerto Rico, 2017
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25:33354921990373. doi: 10.1177/0033354921990373. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Social and structural factors, referred to as social determinants of health (SDH), create pathways or barriers to equitable sexual health, and information on these factors can provide critical insight into rates of diseases such as HIV. Our objectives were to describe and identify differences, by race/ethnicity and geography, in SDH among adults with HIV.METHODS: We conducted an ecological study to explore SDH among people with HIV diagnosed in 2017, by race/ethnicity and geography, at the census-tract lev...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shacara Johnson Lyons Zanetta Gant Chan Jin Andr é Dailey Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike Anna Satcher Johnson Source Type: research

Legal Literacy for Public Health Practitioners
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25:33354921994198. doi: 10.1177/0033354921994198. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33629922 | DOI:10.1177/0033354921994198 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brianne Bostian Yassine Akshara Narayan Menon Tara Ramanathan Holiday Matthew Penn Source Type: research

A Census Tract-Level Examination of Differences in Social Determinants of Health Among People With HIV, by Race/Ethnicity and Geography, United States and Puerto Rico, 2017
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25:33354921990373. doi: 10.1177/0033354921990373. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Social and structural factors, referred to as social determinants of health (SDH), create pathways or barriers to equitable sexual health, and information on these factors can provide critical insight into rates of diseases such as HIV. Our objectives were to describe and identify differences, by race/ethnicity and geography, in SDH among adults with HIV.METHODS: We conducted an ecological study to explore SDH among people with HIV diagnosed in 2017, by race/ethnicity and geography, at the census-tract lev...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shacara Johnson Lyons Zanetta Gant Chan Jin Andr é Dailey Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike Anna Satcher Johnson Source Type: research

Legal Literacy for Public Health Practitioners
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25:33354921994198. doi: 10.1177/0033354921994198. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33629922 | DOI:10.1177/0033354921994198 (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brianne Bostian Yassine Akshara Narayan Menon Tara Ramanathan Holiday Matthew Penn Source Type: research

Association Between Design Elements of Concussion Laws and Reporting of Sports-Related Concussions Among US High School Athletes, 2009-2017
We examined the association between multiple design elements of state concussion laws and rates of sports-related concussion reporting among US high school athletes.METHODS: We derived 3 design elements of concussion laws from the 2009-2017 LawAtlas database: (1) strength of law, (2) number of law revisions, and (3) speed of law adoption. We examined the association between these design elements and rates of new and recurrent sports-related concussion reporting from the 2009-2010 through 2016-2017 academic years in a nationally representative sample of high school athletes participating in High School Report Information On...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jingzhen Yang Hosea H Harvey Lindsay Sullivan Lihong Huang R Dawn Comstock Source Type: research

Using Implementation Teams to Inform a More Effective Response to Future Pandemics.
Authors: Aijaz M, Fixsen D, Schultes MT, Van Dyke M PMID: 33617366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Media Reports as a Tool for Timely Monitoring of COVID-19-Related Deaths Among First Responders-United States, April 2020.
Authors: Kelly-Reif K, Rinsky JL, Chiu SK, Burrer S, de Perio MA, Trotter AG, Miura SS, Seo JY, Hong R, Friedman L, Hand J, Richardson G, Sokol T, Sparer-Fine EH, Laing J, Oliveri A, McGreevy K, Borjan M, Harduar-Morano L, Luckhaupt SE Abstract We aimed to describe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) deaths among first responders early in the COVID-19 pandemic. We used media reports to gather timely information about COVID-19-related deaths among first responders during March 30-April 30, 2020, and evaluated the sensitivity of media scanning compared with traditional surveillance. We abstracted information about de...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Addressing the STI Epidemic Through the Medicaid Program: A Roadmap for States and Managed Care Organizations.
Authors: Seiler N, Horton K, Pearson WS, Cramer R, Adil M, Bishop D, Heyison C PMID: 33617381 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Developing a Database of Structural Racism-Related State Laws for Health Equity Research and Practice in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: By providing comprehensive, detailed data on structural racism-related state laws in all 50 states and the District of Columbia over time, our database will provide public health researchers, social scientists, policy makers, and advocates with rigorous evidence to assess states' racial equity climates and evaluate and address their effect on racial/ethnic health inequities in the United States. PMID: 33617383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Will Student Contracts Keep Campuses Safe From COVID-19? A Behavioral Science Perspective.
Authors: Lederer AM, Stolow JA PMID: 33617386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Gaps in Knowledge About COVID-19 Among US Residents Early in the Outbreak.
Authors: PMID: 33601974 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Corrigendum: National Support for a Menthol Cigarette Sales Ban.
Authors: PMID: 33601979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Receipt of and Spending on Cessation Medication Among US Adults With Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance, 2010 and 2017.
Authors: Shrestha SS, Xu X, Wang X, Babb SD, Armour BS, King BA, Trivers KF Abstract OBJECTIVE: Studies examining the use of smoking cessation treatment and related spending among enrollees with employer-sponsored health insurance are dated and limited in scope. We assessed changes in annual receipt of and spending on cessation medications approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) among tobacco users with employer-sponsored health insurance from 2010 to 2017. METHODS: We analyzed data on 439 865 adult tobacco users in 2010 and 344 567 adult tobacco users in 2017 from the IBM MarketScan Commercial Da...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Participatory COVID-19 Surveillance Tool in Rural Appalachia : Real-Time Disease Monitoring and Regional Response.
We report on the development and implementation of an internet-based COVID-19 participatory surveillance tool in rural Appalachia. METHODS: A regional collaboration among public health partners culminated in the design and implementation of the COVID-19 Self-Checker, a local online symptom tracker. The tool collected data on participant demographic characteristics and health history. County residents were then invited to take part in an automated daily electronic follow-up to monitor symptom progression, assess barriers to care and testing, and collect data on COVID-19 test results and symptom resolution. RESULTS: ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Establishing an Epidemiologic Profile of Hepatitis C Virus Infection at the Los Angeles County Jail.
CONCLUSION: Even in the absence of resources for universal screening for HCV infection, the creation of a risk profile and its implementation into a screening program may be a beneficial first step toward improving HCV surveillance and establishing an accurate estimate of HCV infection in the incarcerated population. PMID: 33602004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Fewer US Adolescents Playing Football and Public Health: A Review of Measures to Improve Safety and an Analysis of Gaps in the Literature.
The objective of this topical review was to review these measures and the data supporting their effectiveness. We conducted a search of scientific literature supplemented by a web search to identify safety measures. We used the Indiana University library electronic database, PubMed, and web browser searches with specific search terms. In addition to peer-reviewed studies, we searched news stories and reports from sport-related organizations. We summarized the measures and evaluations of effectiveness and categorized the measures by type (game rules, practice guidelines, equipment innovations, strategic initiatives) and tar...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Developing National Genotype-Independent Indicators for Recent Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Transmission Using Pediatric Cases-United States, 2011-2017.
Authors: Harrist AV, McDaniel CJ, Wortham JM, Althomsons SP Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) cases are sentinel events for Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in communities because children, by definition, must have been infected relatively recently. However, these events are not consistently identified by genotype-dependent surveillance alerting methods because many pediatric TB cases are not culture-positive, a prerequisite for genotyping. METHODS: We developed 3 potential indicators of ongoing TB transmission based on identifying counties in the United States with relatively high pediatric (aged
Source: Public Health Reports - February 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Recommendations for Demonstrators, Law Enforcement Agencies, and Public Health Agencies for Reducing SARS-CoV-2 Transmission During Civil Protests.
Authors: Eisenman DP, Wiley DJ, Pollock BH, Rutherford GW, Rimoin AW, Bibbins-Domingo K, Checkoway H, Hurd T, Waters CM, Dawson-Rose C PMID: 33593123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Relationships Between State Health Department Practitioners' Perceptions of Organizational Supports and Evidence-Based Decision-Making Skills.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study can guide the development and dissemination of initiatives designed to simultaneously improve individual and organizational capacity for EBDM in public health settings. Future studies should focus on types of strategies most effective to build capacity in particular types of agencies and practitioners, to ultimately improve public health practice. PMID: 33593131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Health and Social Needs of Patients Discharged From the Emergency Department With Suspected COVID-19.
We describe the development of a telehealth follow-up program in Boston, Massachusetts, for patients discharged from the emergency department after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing to identify patients with worsening clinical symptoms, to screen for unmet HRSNs, and to deliver self-isolation counseling and risk-reduction strategies for socially vulnerable people. We prioritized telephone calls to patients with public health insurance and patients without primary care physicians. In the first 43 days of operation, March 30-May 12, 2020, our intervention reached 509 patients, with 209 (41.1%) patients reporting an...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

High Rates of COVID-19 Infection Among Indigenous Maya at a US Safety-Net Health System in California.
We report a cluster of COVID-19 cases among the Maya in Alameda County, California, most of whom were misclassified in public health data as nonindigenous Spanish-speaking people. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all COVID-19 tests performed from April 1 through May 31, 2020, at Alameda Health System. A total of 1561 tests from 1533 patients were performed, with an overall test positivity rate of 17.0% (N = 265). We used the language field from the electronic health record to identify 29 patients as speaking an indigenous Mayan language; by medical record review, we identified 52 additional Maya patients. Maya ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Estimating and Characterizing COVID-19 Deaths, Puerto Rico, March-July 2020.
CONCLUSIONS: Including probable deaths per the CSTE guidelines and monitoring all-cause excess mortality can lead to a better estimation of COVID-19-associated deaths and serve as a model to enhance mortality surveillance in other US jurisdictions. PMID: 33596136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Correctional-Public Health Collaboration for Colorectal Cancer Screening in a State Prison System.
We report on the first 2 years of an ongoing collaboration between a state correctional system and state health department to implement annual colorectal cancer screening for sentenced people using fecal immunochemical testing (FIT). Preparation for the annual iterations begins in January, and patient engagement begins in March. In the first year of implementation (2018), 1396 of 1856 (75.2%) sentenced people completed an eligibility screen, and 254 of 321 (79.1%) eligible patients completed a FIT (eligible patients were aged ≥50 [≥45 if Black] in year 1 [lowered to ≥45 in year 2] and reported no previous relevant...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Dual MD-MPH Degree Students in the United States: Moving the Medical Workforce Toward Population Health.
CONCLUSIONS: As more MD students pursue public health training, the impact of an MPH degree on medical school curricula, MD-MPH graduates, and MD-MPH career pursuits should be studied using accurate and comprehensive databases. PMID: 33563071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Applying the AFIX Quality Improvement Model to Increase Adult Immunization in Wisconsin.
CONCLUSIONS: Adult AFIX resulted in increased awareness about adult immunization recommendations and may be a useful tool for increasing adult immunization rates. PMID: 33563090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Geographic Differences in Social Determinants of Health Among US-Born and Non-US-Born Hispanic/Latino Adults With Diagnosed HIV Infection, United States and Puerto Rico, 2017.
We examined differences in the distribution of HIV diagnosis and social determinants of health (SDH) among US-born and non-US-born Hispanic/Latino adults in the United States and Puerto Rico. METHODS: We used data reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS) to determine US census tract-level HIV diagnosis rates and percentages among US-born and non-US-born Hispanic/Latino adults aged ≥18 for 2017. We merged data from the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey with NHSS data to examine regional differences in federal poverty level, education, median house...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How Do Urban Environments Affect Young People's Mental Health? A Novel Conceptual Framework to Bridge Public Health, Planning, and Neurourbanism.
This article synthesizes existing knowledge on urban places (both built and natural environments) and mental health in the public health and urban planning literature and examines the emerging field of neurourbanism (a multidisciplinary study of the effect of urban environments on mental health and brain activity) to enhance current practice and research. We developed 2 novel conceptual frameworks (1 research-oriented, 1 practice-oriented), adapted from Bronfenbrenner's socioecological model, that focus on the relationship between urban environments and young people's mental health. We added a digital and social media cont...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Discordance Between Perinatal Alcohol Use Among Women and Provider Counseling for Alcohol Use: An Assessment of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System.
CONCLUSION: Disparities in alcohol counseling occurred despite the national recommendation for universal screening and counseling prenatally. Continued integration of universal screening for alcohol use during pregnancy is needed. PMID: 33563096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Increase in Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Among Older Adults in Arizona : An Association With Changes in Testing Practices.
Authors: Bridge R, Erhart LM, Brady S, Komatsu K Abstract OBJECTIVES: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of respiratory illness, health care visits, and hospitalizations. Arizona, which began conducting laboratory surveillance in 2004, has noted an increase in RSV cases (defined as a laboratory-positive result) among adults aged ≥65, concurrent with increasing reports from polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. We assessed whether the shift in the age distribution of reported RSV cases resulted from a change in RSV testing practices. METHODS: We used data on laboratory-confirmed RSV cases ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Economic Evaluations of Workplace Wellness Programs.
CONCLUSION: This review provides recommendations that can improve the methodologic quality of studies to validate the ROI and public health effects of WWPs. PMID: 33541206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a New Field Epidemiology Training Program Intermediate Course to Strengthen Public Health Workforce Capacity in Tanzania.
CONCLUSIONS: The Tanzania FETP Intermediate course substantially improved trainee knowledge and helped to improve local data quality and reporting. This course is a promising model to strengthen subnational capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats in Africa. PMID: 33541215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Corrigendum: The Impact of Syringe Services Program Policy on Risk Behaviors Among Persons Who Inject Drugs in 3 US Cities, 2005-2015.
Authors: PMID: 33541217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

USPHS Corps Care : Force Health Protection for Public Health Officers During the Ebola and COVID-19 Responses.
We describe the FHP roles of the Corps Care program for the resiliency of Commission Corps officers in general and the Corps' impact during the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Qualitative analysis of FHP discussions with deployed officers highlights the unique challenges to FHP presented by the pandemic response. PMID: 33541219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Robust Testing in Outpatient Settings to Explore COVID-19 Epidemiology: Disparities in Race/Ethnicity and Age, Salt Lake County, Utah, 2020.
Authors: Ahmed SM, Shah RU, Fernandez V, Grineski S, Brintz B, Samore MH, Ferrari MJ, Leung DT, Keegan LT Abstract OBJECTIVE: US-based descriptions of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have focused on patients with severe disease. Our objective was to describe characteristics of a predominantly outpatient population tested for SARS-CoV-2 in an area receiving comprehensive testing. METHODS: We extracted data on demographic characteristics and clinical data for all patients (91% outpatient) tested for SARS-CoV-2 at University of Utah Health clinics in Salt Lake County, Utah, f...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sensitivity and Specificity of the National Death Index for Multiple Causes of Death in People With HIV.
Authors: Schwarcz S, Hessol NA, Spinelli MA, Hsu LC, Wlodarczyk D, Tulsky J, Newman MD, Buchbinder SP Abstract OBJECTIVES: Inaccuracies in cause-of-death information in death certificates can reduce the validity of national death statistics and result in poor targeting of resources to reduce morbidity and mortality in people with HIV. Our objective was to measure the sensitivity, specificity, and agreement between multiple causes of deaths from death certificates obtained from the National Death Index (NDI) and causes determined by expert physician review. METHODS: Physician specialists determined the cause of ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention Practices for Lyme Disease by Clinicians, United States, 2013-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Many providers evaluate patients for tick bites and treat patients for Lyme disease, but knowledge about appropriate testing is low. Providers may benefit from tailored education about appropriate Lyme disease diagnosis, testing, and effective tick-bite prevention. PMID: 33541229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Identifying COVID-19 Cases and Social Groups at High Risk of Transmission: A Strategy to Reduce Community Spread.
Authors: Gunn RA, Bellettiere J, Garfein RS, Long KC, Binkin NJ, Anderson CAM PMID: 33508206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Maternal Vaccine Knowledge, Attitudes, and Intentions.
CONCLUSIONS: Understanding differences in behavioral constructs integral to vaccine decision making among women of different races/ethnicities can lead to tailored interventions to improve vaccine acceptance. PMID: 33508208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Preteen Behaviors and Sexual Orientation of High School Students Who Report Depressive Symptoms, United States, 2015-2017.
Authors: D'Agati D, Kahn GD, Swartz KL Abstract Unhealthy preteen behaviors are associated with adolescent depression. However, little is known about preteen factors among sexual minority young people, a group at increased risk for teen depression and suicide. We completed weighted multivariate logistic regression analyses on data from the national 2015 and 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of 30 389 high school students in the United States. Preteen sex, cigarette smoking, and alcohol and marijuana use were significantly more prevalent among lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and questioning students who reported depre...
Source: Public Health Reports - January 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research