Two Cheers for Air Pollution Control: Triumphs and Limits of the Mid-Century Fight for Air Quality.
This article analyzes the early years of 20th-century air pollution control in Los Angeles. In both scholarship and public memory, mid-century efforts at the regional level were overshadowed by major federal developments, namely the Clean Air Act and creation of the US Environmental Protection Agency in 1970. Yet the mid-century local experience was highly consequential and presaged many subsequent challenges that persist today. The article begins with an exploration of the existential, on-the-ground misery of smog in Los Angeles during the 1940s and 1950s. The article examines the role that scientific evidence on smog did...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Moving the Needle on Action Around Evidence-Based Screening for Hereditary Conditions: Preparing State Chronic Disease Directors to Advance Precision Public Health.
Authors: Ponte A, Greenberg S, Greendale K, Senier L PMID: 30897048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Use of Flavored E-Cigarettes Among Adolescents, Young Adults, and Older Adults: Findings From the Population Assessment for Tobacco and Health Study.
CONCLUSIONS:: Regulation of sweet e-cigarette flavors (eg, fruit and candy) may help reduce the use of e-cigarettes among young persons without substantially burdening adult e-cigarette users. PMID: 30857471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Acknowledgment of Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 30844342 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mental Health Services in Childhood: The Role of Family Adversity.
CONCLUSIONS:: The observed association between AFEs and use of mental health services may be attributable to more severe or poorly managed mental illness among these children. Efforts are needed to increase access to and quality of mental health care among children affected by AFEs. PMID: 30844343 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Diabetes Self-Management Education for Special Populations: The Social Determinants of Health Matter.
Authors: Brewer LC, Cooper LA, Patten CA PMID: 30840844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 30794753 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Prioritizing Workforce Development Training in State Health Departments Using TRAIN: Challenges and Opportunities.
CONCLUSIONS:: Public health leaders can increase buy-in to the importance of training by giving responsibility for training to a person, centralizing training, and setting expectations for the newly responsible training leader to update training policy and require the use of TRAIN to develop, implement, evaluate, monitor, and report on agency-wide training. PMID: 30794754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Consolidating Local Health Departments in the United States: Challenges, Evidence, and Thoughts for the Future.
Authors: Hoornbeek J, Morris M, Libbey P, Pezzino G PMID: 30794755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Incomplete Medicalization of Obesity: Physician Office Visits, Diagnoses, and Treatments, 1996-2014.
CONCLUSIONS:: Our results suggest that obesity is largely underdiagnosed and undertreated in clinical encounters. Future studies should investigate the structural changes needed to better engage physicians in obesity prevention and care. Practitioners should also reflect on their biases in treating obesity as a chronic disease. PMID: 30794761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Measles and the Modern History of Vaccination.
This article follows the history of measles to explore immunization successes and challenges in this modern era, because measles was the first of the mild and moderate diseases to become the target of a federally supported eradication-through-vaccination campaign, one that relied heavily on the preemptive, required vaccination of children. Its story thus epitomizes the range of political, epidemiological, cultural, and communications challenges to mass immunization in the modern era of vaccination. PMID: 30763141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances: A National Priority for Safe Drinking Water.
Authors: Boston CM, Banacos N, Heiger-Bernays W PMID: 30763146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Influence of Tobacco Retailer Density and Poverty on Tobacco Use in a Densely Populated Urban Environment.
Authors: Farley SM, Maroko AR, Suglia SF, Thorpe LE Abstract OBJECTIVES:: Researchers have identified associations between neighborhood-level factors (eg, income level, tobacco retailer density) and smoking behavior, but few studies have assessed these factors in urban environments. We explored the effect of tobacco retailer density, neighborhood poverty, and housing type (multiunit and public) on smoking in a large urban environment (New York City). METHODS:: We used data on smoking prevalence and individual sociodemographic characteristics from the 2011-2013 New York City Community Health Survey, data on toba...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Building State and Local Public Health Capacity in Syndromic Surveillance Through an Online Community of Practice.
Authors: Gould DW, Lamb E, Dearth S, Collier K PMID: 30763205 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NHCS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 30718975 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Syndromic Surveillance of Emergency Department Visits for Acute Adverse Effects of Marijuana, Tri-County Health Department, Colorado, 2016-2017.
We examined the validity of using syndromic surveillance data to detect marijuana-associated ED visits by comparing the performance of surveillance queries with physician-reviewed medical records. METHODS:: We developed queries of combinations of marijuana-specific International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes or keywords. We applied these queries to ED visit data submitted through the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE) syndromic surveillance system at 3 hospitals during 2016-2017. One physician reviewed the medical recor...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Application of an Implementation Science Framework to Policies on Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception.
CONCLUSIONS:: State leaders and program staff members may benefit from considering the CFIR domains and constructs in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of complex statewide public health initiatives. PMID: 30699303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Novel Measure to Assess Variation in Hepatitis C Prevalence Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Veterans, 2011-2016.
Authors: Byrne T, Troszak L, Midboe AM, Fincke BG, Shwartz M, Gifford AL, McInnes DK Abstract We constructed a novel measure of homelessness to examine differences in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence across 3 categories of unstably housed and homeless veterans and across US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center facilities. We used Veterans Affairs administrative data to classify a cohort of 434 240 veterans as at risk of homelessness, currently homeless, or formerly homeless, and we examined variation in HCV prevalence by using descriptive measures and mixed-effect logistic regression models. HCV p...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Local Decision Making for Implementing Social Distancing in Response to Outbreaks.
CONCLUSIONS:: Variations in the decision to implement social distancing are likely the result of differences in organizational authority and resources and in the primary concerns about implementing social distancing. Research and current social distancing guidelines for health departments should address these factors. PMID: 30657730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Three Changes Public Health Scientists Can Make to Help Build a Culture of Reproducible Research.
Authors: Harris JK, Combs TB, Johnson KJ, Carothers BJ, Luke DA, Wang X PMID: 30657732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Medical-Legal Partnership: A Powerful Tool for Public Health and Health Justice.
Authors: Tobin-Tyler E, Teitelbaum JB PMID: 30644791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Who Me? Ideas for Faculty Who Never Expected to Be Teaching Public Health Students to Write.
Authors: Lang TA PMID: 30644797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Stewart v Azar and the Purpose of Medicaid: Work as a Condition of Enrollment.
Authors: Huberfeld N PMID: 30592901 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Comparing Usual Dietary Intakes Among Subgroups of Mothers in the Year Before Pregnancy.
We described dietary intake during the year before pregnancy among a large, diverse group of US mothers. METHODS:: We examined data from 11 109 mothers who gave birth from 1997 through 2011 and participated in a population-based case-control study, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, as controls (mothers who had babies without major birth defects). We examined whether subgroups of mothers at elevated risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes were more likely than their reference groups to have high dietary intake (>90th percentile of intake) or low dietary intake (
Source: Public Health Reports - December 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Blood Donation, Sexual Practices, and Self-Perceived Risk for HIV in the United States Among Young Adult Men Who Have Sex With Men.
CONCLUSIONS:: YMSM donated blood frequently, suggesting that the deferral process in place did not prevent YMSM from donating blood. The current donor screening process should be reconsidered if it is to prevent YMSM from donating blood. Future research could identify screening questions that permit YMSM with a low risk of HIV infection to donate blood while maintaining the safety of the blood supply. PMID: 30526313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Clarifying Indeterminate Results on the Rabies Direct Fluorescent Antibody Test Using Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction.
CONCLUSION:: These results confirm the recommendation by CDC and state public health laboratories that indeterminate results should be considered positive and justify the prompt treatment of exposed persons through an animal that is suspected to have rabies. PMID: 30508492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Short-Term Incidence of Sequelae of HCV Infection Among Medicaid Beneficiaries in Oregon.
CONCLUSIONS:: Continued assessments using the methods piloted in this study will allow Oregon to monitor trends in severe sequelae of HCV infection over time. PMID: 30508493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mental Health and Substance Use-Related Hospitalizations Among Women of Reproductive Age in Illinois and Wisconsin.
Authors: Bennett AC, Gibson C, Rohan AM, Howland JF, Rankin KM Abstract INTRODUCTION:: Mental health and substance use are growing public health concerns, but established surveillance methods do not measure the burden of these conditions among women of reproductive age. We developed a standardized indicator from administrative data to identify inpatient hospitalizations related to mental health or substance use (MHSU) among women of reproductive age, as well as co-occurrence of mental health and substance use conditions among those hospitalizations. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: We used inpatient hospital discharge d...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Writing in Public Health: A New Program From the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health.
Authors: Valladares LM, Riegelman RK, Albertine S PMID: 30521762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Geospatial Analysis of Birth Records to Target Programming for Mothers With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Michigan, 2013.
The objective of this study was to use birth records and a combination of statistical and geographic information system (GIS) analyses to evaluate GDM rates among subgroups of pregnant women in Michigan. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: We obtained data on maternal demographic and health-related characteristics and regions of residence from 2013 Michigan birth records. We geocoded (ie, matched to maternal residence) the birth data, calculated proportions of births to women with GDM, and used logistic regression models to determine predictors of GDM. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) from the exponentiated beta statistic of the lo...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Demographic Analysis of Racial/Ethnic Minority Enrollment Into HVTN Preventive Early Phase HIV Vaccine Clinical Trials Conducted in the United States, 2002-2016.
CONCLUSIONS:: Although enrollment of racial/ethnic minority groups into HIV vaccine clinical trials has increased, it is not proportional to the number of new HIV diagnoses among these groups. To enhance recruitment of racial/ethnic minority groups, the HIV Vaccine Trials Network has prioritized community partnerships and invested resources into staff training. PMID: 30517057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Changing Role of Disease Intervention Specialists in Modern Public Health Programs.
Authors: Cope AB, Mobley VL, Samoff E, O'Connor K, Peterman TA PMID: 30500306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - December 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Graduation and Academic Placement of Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Minority Doctoral Recipients in Public Health Disciplines, United States, 2003-2015.
We examined trends in the number of underrepresented racial/ethnic minority (ie, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander) doctoral graduates from public health fields and determined the proportion of persons from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups who entered academia. METHODS:: We analyzed repeated cross-sectional data from restricted files collected by the National Science Foundation on doctoral graduates from US institutions during 2003-2015. Our dependent variables were the number of all underrepresented racial/ethnic minority public health doct...
Source: Public Health Reports - December 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using Financial Incentives to Improve Rates of Viral Suppression and Engagement in Care of Patients Receiving HIV Care at 3 Health Clinics in Louisiana: The Health Models Program, 2013-2016.
Authors: Brantley AD, Burgess S, Bickham J, Wendell D, Gruber D Abstract OBJECTIVES:: The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project aimed to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among racial/ethnic minority groups in 8 states. We evaluated Health Models, a pay-for-performance program piloted by the Louisiana Department of Health that used financial incentives to improve rates of engagement in HIV medical care and viral suppression among people with HIV. METHODS:: We enrolled 2076 patients of 3 urban HIV specialty clinics in Louisiana in the Health Models pay-for-performance progr...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating Federal Collaboration in HIV Programming: The CAPUS Demonstration Project, 2012-2016.
Authors: Harrison TP, Williams KM, Mulatu MS, Edwards A, Somerville GG, Cobb-Souza S, Dunbar E, Barskey A PMID: 30457950 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Use of Social Network Strategy Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men for HIV Testing, Linkage to Care, and Reengagement in Care, Tennessee, 2013-2016.
CONCLUSIONS:: The SNS program ascertained HIV status among a high-risk population in a heavily burdened region. Further program evaluation is needed to understand how to improve linkage to care among people with newly diagnosed HIV. PMID: 30457951 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project: A Call for More Focus on the Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS.
Authors: De Jesus M, Williams DR PMID: 30457952 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Learning by Doing: Lessons From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.
Authors: Williams KM, Taylor RD, Painter T, Jeffries WL, Prather C, Spikes P, Mulatu MS, Henny K, Hoyte T, Flores SA PMID: 30457953 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Enhancing HIV Prevention and Care Through CAPUS and Other Demonstration Projects Aimed at Achieving National HIV/AIDS Strategy Goals, 2010-2018.
Authors: Purcell DW, Flores SA, Koenig LJ, Cleveland JC, Mermin J PMID: 30457954 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The "No Wrong Door" Approach to HIV Testing: Results From a Statewide Retail Pharmacy-Based HIV Testing Program in Virginia, 2014-2016.
CONCLUSIONS:: Retail pharmacies may be an effective venue for those who have never been tested for HIV to access HIV testing, particularly if the pharmacies are located in priority areas or where community-based organizations are unable to operate. PMID: 30457955 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Cross-site Monitoring and Evaluation of the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project, 2012-2016: Selected Process and Short-term Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS:: CAPUS grantees substantially expanded their capacity to deliver HIV-related services and reach racial/ethnic minority groups at risk for or living with HIV infection. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of implementing novel and integrated programs that address social and structural barriers to HIV care and prevention. PMID: 30457956 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Evolution of the Secretary's Minority AIDS Initiative Fund: The US Department of Health and Human Services Responds to the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.
Authors: Valdiserri RO, Harrison TP PMID: 30457957 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Implementing a Data to Care Strategy to Improve Health Outcomes for People With HIV: A Report From the Care and Prevention in the United States Demonstration Project.
CONCLUSIONS:: The 4 health departments established procedures for using surveillance and other data to improve linkage to HIV medical care and health outcomes for PWH. To be effective, health departments had to enhance coordination among surveillance, care programs, and providers; develop mechanisms to share data; and address limitations in data systems and data quality. PMID: 30457958 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Routine HIV Screening as a Standard of Care: Implementing HIV Screening in General Medical Settings, 2013-2015.
CONCLUSIONS:: PHIMC identified the following practices for consideration when implementing routine HIV screening in general medical settings: create a culture that supports HIV screening, use champions in clinics, integrate HIV screening into clinic flow and electronic health records, and train clinic staff members on HIV messaging. Incorporating these practices can help other clinical settings build capacity to make routine HIV screening a standard of care. PMID: 30457959 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Global Health Security: Protecting the United States in an Interconnected World.
Authors: Bunnell RE, Ahmed Z, Ramsden M, Rapposelli K, Walter-Garcia M, Sharmin E, Knight N PMID: 30426825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Infants and Children in Haiti, 2015.
Authors: Carpenter C, Potts B, von Oettingen J, Bonnell R, Sainvil M, Lorgeat V, Mascary MC, She X, Jean-Baptiste E, Palfrey S, Woolf AD, Palfrey J Abstract OBJECTIVE:: Few studies have reported blood lead levels (BLLs) in Haitian children, despite the known presence of lead from environmental factors such as soil, water, leaded paint and gasoline, improperly discarded batteries, and earthquakes. We sought to determine the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (EBLLs) among healthy Haitian children. METHODS:: We enrolled children aged 9 months to 6 years from 3 geographic areas in Haiti (coastal, urban, and ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Public Health Rising to the Challenge: The Bloomberg American Health Initiative.
Authors: Sharfstein JM, Leighton J, Sommer A, MacKenzie EJ PMID: 30426869 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Bringing Evidence to Bear on Public Health in the United States.
Authors: Callahan KM, Stuart EA PMID: 30426870 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Public Health Strategy for the Opioid Crisis.
Authors: Saloner B, McGinty EE, Beletsky L, Bluthenthal R, Beyrer C, Botticelli M, Sherman SG Abstract Drug overdose is now the leading cause of injury death in the United States. Most overdose fatalities involve opioids, which include prescription medication, heroin, and illicit fentanyl. Current data reveal that the overdose crisis affects all demographic groups and that overdose rates are now rising most rapidly among African Americans. We provide a public health perspective that can be used to mobilize a comprehensive local, state, and national response to the opioid crisis. We argue that framing the crisis fro...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Grappling With Complex Food Systems to Reduce Obesity: A US Public Health Challenge.
Authors: Barnhill A, Palmer A, Weston CM, Brownell KD, Clancy K, Economos CD, Gittelsohn J, Hammond RA, Kumanyika S, Bennett WL Abstract Despite 2 decades of effort by the public health community to combat obesity, obesity rates in the United States continue to rise. This lack of progress raises fundamental questions about the adequacy of our current approaches. Although the causes of population-wide obesity are multifactorial, attention to food systems as potential drivers of obesity has been prominent. However, the relationships between broader food systems and obesity are not always well understood. Our efforts ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research