Factors That Influence the Recruitment and Retention of Nurses in Public Health Agencies.
The objective of this study was to examine factors that influence nurses' decisions to work in public health agencies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined perspectives of nurses who worked in state and local public health departments and responded to the 2010 Council on Linkages Between Academia and Public Health Practice's survey of public health workers. We calculated the mean rating of each recruitment and retention factor for nurses and non-nurses separately and compared differences by using t tests. We then used multivariate regression analysis to examine differences in ratings by role (ie, nurse or non-n...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28792858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

CDC Screening Recommendation for Baby Boomers and Hepatitis C Virus Testing in the US Military Health System.
CONCLUSIONS: Interventions should be implemented to increase awareness and knowledge of the current national HCV testing recommendation among baby boomers to seek out testing and health care providers to perform screening. PMID: 28768119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28747854 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Awareness, Possession, and Use of Take-Home Naloxone Among Illicit Drug Users, Vancouver, British Columbia, 2014-2015.
The objectives of this study were to determine awareness, possession, and use of THN among PWUD in Vancouver, Canada, and identify barriers to adopting this strategy. METHODS: From December 1, 2014, to May 29, 2015, participants in 2 prospective cohort studies of PWUD in Vancouver completed a standardized questionnaire, which asked about awareness, possession, and use of THN; sociodemographic characteristics; and drug use patterns. We conducted multivariable logistic regression analyses to determine factors independently associated with awareness and possession of THN. RESULTS: Of 1137 PWUD, 727 (64%) reported at l...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hamilton and Hardy: Mentoring and Friendship in the Service of Occupational Health.
This article explores the mentoring relationship between Alice Hamilton and Harriet Hardy, two female physician-researchers who had a tremendous impact on the development of the field of occupational health in the United States during the 20th century. The article relies on letters the women wrote to each other. Hamilton, the elder, supported and furthered Hardy's career by asking her to coauthor the second edition of a seminal occupational health text. After beginning this intellectual collaboration, Hamilton remained a mentor to Hardy, and a decades-long friendship ensued. The article explores their relationship within t...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Advancing the Use of Emergency Department Syndromic Surveillance Data, New York City, 2012-2016.
We present 6 use cases from New York City that demonstrate the value of syndromic surveillance for public health response and decision making across a broad range of health outcomes: synthetic cannabinoid drug use, heat-related illness, suspected meningococcal disease, medical needs after severe weather, asthma exacerbation after a building collapse, and Ebola-like illness in travelers returning from West Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The New York City syndromic surveillance system receives data on patient visits from all emergency departments (EDs) in the city. The data are used to assign syndrome categories based on...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Local Public Health Surveillance of Heroin-Related Morbidity and Mortality, Orange County, Florida, 2010-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: These 3 data sources can be considered acceptable surveillance systems for monitoring heroin-related events in Orange County. The timely availability of data from ESSENCE-FL makes it the most useful source for obtaining near-real-time data about the heroin epidemic, potentially leading to improved identification of populations most in need of interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality. PMID: 28692385 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Evolution of BioSense: Lessons Learned and Future Directions.
Authors: Gould DW, Walker D, Yoon PW Abstract The BioSense program was launched in 2003 with the aim of establishing a nationwide integrated public health surveillance system for early detection and assessment of potential bioterrorism-related illness. The program has matured over the years from an initial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-centric program to one focused on building syndromic surveillance capacity at the state and local level. The uses of syndromic surveillance have also evolved from an early focus on alerts for bioterrorism-related illness to situational awareness and response, to various ...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Syndromic Surveillance Revolution? Public Health Benefits of Modernizing the Emergency Care Patient Health Record in England.
Authors: Hughes HE, Hughes TC, Haile A, Smith GE, McCloskey B, Elliot AJ PMID: 28692387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Detecting Suicide-Related Emergency Department Visits Among Adults Using the District of Columbia Syndromic Surveillance System.
CONCLUSIONS: ED syndromic surveillance systems based on chief complaint data alone would underestimate the number of suicide-related ED visits. Incorporating the discharge diagnosis into the case definition could help improve detection. PMID: 28692388 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Components of the North Carolina Syndromic Surveillance System Heat Syndrome Case Definition.
Authors: Harduar Morano L, Waller AE Abstract OBJECTIVES: To improve heat-related illness surveillance, we evaluated and refined North Carolina's heat syndrome case definition. METHODS: We analyzed North Carolina emergency department (ED) visits during 2012-2014. We evaluated the current heat syndrome case definition (ie, keywords in chief complaint/triage notes or International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ ICD-9-CM] codes) and additional heat-related inclusion and exclusion keywords. We calculated the positive predictive value and sensitivity of keyword-identified ED visi...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Use of Emergency Department Data to Monitor and Respond to an Increase in Opioid Overdoses in New Hampshire, 2011-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Opioid-related ED encounters in New Hampshire increased substantially from 2011 to 2015. Data from New Hampshire's ED syndromic surveillance system provided timely situational awareness to public health partners to support the overall response to the opioid epidemic. PMID: 28692390 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Harnessing Syndromic Surveillance Emergency Department Data to Monitor Health Impacts During the 2015 Special Olympics World Games.
Authors: Kajita E, Luarca MZ, Wu H, Hwang B, Mascola L Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mass gatherings that attract a large international presence may cause or amplify point-source outbreaks of emerging infectious disease. The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health customized its syndromic surveillance system to detect increased syndrome-specific utilization of emergency departments (EDs) and other medical encounters coincident to the 2015 Special Olympics World Games. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried live databases containing data on ED visits, California Poison Control System calls, and Los Angeles County cor...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Novel Syndromic Surveillance Query for Heat-Related Illness Using Hospital Data From Maricopa County, Arizona, 2015.
CONCLUSION: A novel query for heat-related illness that combined diagnosis codes, chief complaint text terms, and exclusion criteria had a high PPV for heat-related illness, particularly during the heat season. Public health departments can use this query to meet local needs; however, use of this novel query to substantially improve public health heat-related illness prevention remains to be seen. PMID: 28692392 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Risk of Fall-Related Injury due to Adverse Weather Events, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2006-2011.
CONCLUSIONS: The association between the number of fall-related ED visits and weather-related fall injuries, age, and timing suggests that many events occurred en route to work in the morning. Promoting work closures or delaying openings after severe winter weather would allow time for better snow or ice removal, and including "fall risk" in winter weather advisories might effectively warn morning commuters. Both strategies could help reduce the number of weather-related fall injuries. PMID: 28692393 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using an Emergency Department Syndromic Surveillance System to Evaluate Reporting of Potential Rabies Exposures, Illinois, 2013-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Potential rabies exposures and PEP initiation are underreported in suburban Cook County. ED syndromic surveillance records can be used to estimate reporting compliance and conduct active surveillance. PMID: 28692394 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Practitioner-Driven Research Agenda for Syndromic Surveillance.
This article details the context of each topic and its implications for public health. This research agenda can help catalyze the research that public health practitioners identified as most important. PMID: 28692395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Characterizing the Effects of Extreme Cold Using Real-time Syndromic Surveillance, Ontario, Canada, 2010-2016.
Authors: VanStone N, van Dijk A, Chisamore T, Mosley B, Hall G, Belanger P, Michael Moore K Abstract Morbidity and mortality from exposure to extreme cold highlight the need for meaningful temperature thresholds to activate public health alerts. We analyzed emergency department (ED) records for cold temperature-related visits collected by the Acute Care Enhanced Surveillance system-a syndromic surveillance system that captures data on ED visits from hospitals in Ontario-for geographic trends related to ambient winter temperature. We used 3 Early Aberration Reporting System algorithms of increasing sensitivity-C1, C...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using Syndromic Surveillance for All-Hazards Public Health Surveillance: Successes, Challenges, and the Future.
Authors: Yoon PW, Ising AI, Gunn JE PMID: 28692397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Enhancing Surveillance for Mass Gatherings: The Role of Syndromic Surveillance.
Authors: Fleischauer AT, Gaines J PMID: 28692398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Risk Assessment During the Pan American and Parapan American Games, Toronto, 2015.
We describe the creation and use of a risk assessment tool to evaluate alerts produced by ACES during this period. During the games, ACES generated 1420 alerts, 4 of which were considered a moderate risk and were communicated to surveillance partners for further action. The risk assessment tool was useful for public health professionals responsible for surveillance activities during the games. Next steps include integrating the tool within the ACES system. PMID: 28692399 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Developing Syndromic Surveillance to Monitor and Respond to Adverse Health Events Related to Psychoactive Substance Use: Methods and Applications.
Authors: Nolan ML, Kunins HV, Lall R, Paone D Abstract INTRODUCTION: Recent increases in drug overdose deaths, both in New York City and nationally, highlight the need for timely data on psychoactive drug-related morbidity. We developed drug syndrome definitions for syndromic surveillance to monitor drug-related emergency department (ED) visits in real time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 2012 archived syndromic surveillance data from New York City hospitals to develop definitions for psychoactive drug-related syndromes. The dataset contained ED visit-level information that included patients' chief complaints, ...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Developing a Multidisciplinary Syndromic Surveillance Academic Research Program in the United Kingdom: Benefits for Public Health Surveillance.
Authors: Elliot AJ, Morbey R, Edeghere O, Lake IR, Colón-González FJ, Vivancos R, Rubin GJ, O'Brien SJ, Smith GE PMID: 28692401 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Enhanced Influenza Surveillance Using Telephone Triage and Electronic Syndromic Surveillance in the Department of Veterans Affairs, 2011-2015.
Authors: Lucero-Obusan C, Winston CA, Schirmer PL, Oda G, Holodniy M Abstract Telephone triage (TT) is a method whereby medical professionals speak by telephone to patients to assess their symptoms or health concerns and offer advice. These services are often administered through an electronic TT system, which guides TT professionals during the encounter through the use of structured protocols and algorithms to help determine the severity of the patients' health issue and refer them to appropriate care. TT is also an emerging data source for public health surveillance of infectious and noninfectious diseases, inclu...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 28679105 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Rates and Correlates of Binge Drinking Among College Students With Disabilities, United States, 2013.
Authors: West SL, Graham CW, Temple P Abstract OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the first comprehensive picture of alcohol use and binge drinking by US college students with disabilities (SWDs), who represent at least 11% (1.6 million) of the US college student population. METHODS: In fall 2013, we used a stratified random sampling technique to identify and recruit 2440 SWDs from 122 US colleges and universities. A total of 1285 (53%) SWDs from 61 (50%) colleges and universities completed a survey of alcohol and other drug use and the use of substances by student peers. We conducted 4 multiple logistic r...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Advancing the Certified in Public Health Examination: A Job Task Analysis.
CONCLUSION: The JTA established a set of job tasks in 10 public health work domains, and the results provided a foundation for refining the CPH examination. Additional steps are needed to further modify the content outline of the examination. An empirical assessment of public health job tasks, using methods such as principal components analysis, may provide additional insight. PMID: 28640658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of the 2010 National Vaccine Plan Mid-course Review: Recommendations From the National Vaccine Advisory Committee.
Authors: PMID: 28644068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessment of Selected Overdose Poisoning Indicators in Health Care Administrative Data in 4 States, 2012.
CONCLUSIONS: The ISW7 Option B surveillance definition is needed to fully capture the state burden of opioid poisonings. Efforts to control for factors related to administrative data, standardize data sources on a national level, and improve data source accessibility for state health departments would improve the accuracy of drug poisoning surveillance. PMID: 28633003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Hospital Admissions for Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma, 1995-2013.
We examined whether states' EITCs are associated with state rates of hospital admissions for abusive head trauma among children aged
Source: Public Health Reports - June 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Advances in Public Health Surveillance and Information Dissemination at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Authors: Richards CL, Iademarco MF, Atkinson D, Pinner RW, Yoon P, Mac Kenzie WR, Lee B, Qualters JR, Frieden TR PMID: 28609194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Financial Burden of Public Health Responses to Hepatitis A Cases Among Food Handlers, 2012-2014.
Authors: Morey RJ, Collier MG, Nelson NP Abstract When food handlers become ill with hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, state and local health departments must assess the risk of HAV transmission through prepared food and recommend or provide postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) for those at risk for HAV infection. Providing PEP (eg, hepatitis A [HepA] vaccine or immunoglobulin), however, is costly. To describe the burden of these responses on state and local health departments, we determined the number of public health responses to HAV infections among food handlers by reviewing public internet sources of media articles...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HIV Testing and Positivity Patterns of Partners of HIV-Diagnosed People in Partner Services Programs, United States, 2013-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Partner services programs implemented by CDC-funded health departments are successful in providing HIV testing services and identifying previously undiagnosed HIV infections among partners of HIV-diagnosed people. Demographic and regional differences suggest the need to tailor these programs to address unique needs of the target populations. PMID: 28614670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Advancing the Public's Health by Scaling Innovations in Clinical Quality.
Authors: Malcarney MB, Horton K, Seiler N, Hastings D PMID: 28595029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluating the Use of Electronic Health Records for Type 2 Diabetes Surveillance in 2 California Counties, 2010-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Timely diabetes surveillance data from ELRs can be used to document disparities, target interventions, and evaluate changes in population health. ELR data may be easier to access than a patient's entire EHR, but outcome metric validation with diabetes diagnoses would need to be ongoing. Future research should validate ELR and EHR data across multiple providers. PMID: 28586621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trends in Vaccine Hesitancy in a Cohort of Mothers Surveyed in Washington State, 2013-2015.
Authors: Henrikson NB, Anderson ML, Opel DJ, Dunn J, Marcuse EK, Grossman DC Abstract Parents who refuse or delay vaccines because of vaccine hesitancy place children at increased risk for vaccine-preventable disease. How parental vaccine hesitancy changes as their children age is not known. In 2015, we conducted a follow-up survey of 237 mothers enrolled in a 2-arm clinic-level cluster randomized trial (n = 488) in Washington State that was completed in 2013. We surveyed mothers at their baby's birth, age 6 months, and age 24 months using a validated measure of vaccine hesitancy. Both mean hesitancy scores (mean 4...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Delayed and Unreported Drug-Susceptibility Testing Results in the US National Tuberculosis Surveillance System, 1993-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite increases in the proportion of cases with on-time DST results, delayed and unreported results persisted. Carefully assessing causes for delayed and unreported DST results should lead to more timely reporting of drug-resistant tuberculosis. PMID: 28586626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Validation of a Syndromic Case Definition for Detecting Emergency Department Visits Potentially Related to Marijuana.
CONCLUSIONS: Our syndromic case definition and validation method for ED visits potentially related to marijuana could be used by other public health jurisdictions to monitor local trends and for other emerging concerns. PMID: 28586627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Case Finding Using Syndromic Surveillance Data During an Outbreak of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli O26 Infections, Oregon, 2015.
Authors: Hines JZ, Bancroft J, Powell M, Hedberg K Abstract Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) causes an estimated 265 000 infections in the United States annually. Of emerging non-O157:H7 STEC serotypes, O26 is the most commonly recognized. During an outbreak of STEC O26 in Oregon in 2015, we used syndromic surveillance data to supplement case finding by laboratory reporting. From 157 records retrieved by querying syndromic surveillance data, we detected 4 confirmed and 5 suspected cases. However, none of the suspected cases were confirmed by stool culture, and by the time that the data were bein...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Engaging Community and Faith-Based Organizations in the Zika Response, United States, 2016.
Authors: Santibañez S, Lynch J, Paye YP, McCalla H, Gaines J, Konkel K, Ocasio Torres LJ, North WA, Likos A, Daniel KL PMID: 28586630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

An Antipoverty Agenda for Public Health: Background and Recommendations.
Authors: Levin J PMID: 28538109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Dental Therapists: A Solution to a Shortage of Dentists in Underserved Communities?
Authors: Yang YT, Chen B, Wanchek T PMID: 28448769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 29, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Structure of Policy Networks for Injury and Violence Prevention in 15 US Cities.
CONCLUSIONS: Several strategies could strengthen local IVP policy networks, including (1) developing connections with partners from sectors that are not well integrated into the networks and (2) encouraging indirect or less formal connections with important but missing partners and partner types. PMID: 28426291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 21, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Economic Disparities and Syphilis Incidence in Massachusetts, 2001-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Census tract poverty analyses can inform the targeting of interventions that make progress toward reducing disparities in rates of syphilis incidence possible. PMID: 28402751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Partners in Public Health.
Authors: DiPietro Mager NA, Ochs L, Ranelli PL, Kahaleh AA, Lahoz MR, Patel RV, Garza OW, Isaacs D, Clark S Abstract To collect data on public health collaborations with schools of pharmacy, we sent a short electronic survey to accredited and preaccredited pharmacy programs in 2015. We categorized public health collaborations as working or partnering with local and/or state public health departments, local and/or state public health organizations, academic schools or programs of public health, and other public health collaborations. Of 134 schools, 65 responded (49% response rate). Forty-six (71%) responding instit...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Capture-Recapture.
CONCLUSIONS: Capture-recapture was useful for identifying HBV-positive pregnant women for Philadelphia's PHBPP and for highlighting inadequacies in health department protocols and HBV testing during pregnancy. Other health departments with access to similar data sources and staff members with the necessary technical skills can adapt this method. PMID: 28406735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Administrative Preparedness Strategies: Expediting Procurement and Contracting Cycle Times During an Emergency.
Authors: Hurst D, Sharpe S, Yeager VA Abstract We assessed whether administrative preparedness processes that were intended to expedite the acquisition of goods and services during a public health emergency affect estimated procurement and contracting cycle times. We obtained data from 2014-2015 applications to the Hospital Preparedness Program and Public Health Emergency Preparedness (HPP-PHEP) cooperative agreements. We compared the estimated procurement and contracting cycle times of 61 HPP-PHEP awardees that did and did not have certain administrative processes in place. Certain processes, such as statutes allo...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Clinical Risk Factors Associated With Tuberculosis Mortality in the United States, 2009-2013.
Conclusion TB patients with certain risk factors have an elevated risk of TB-specific mortality and should be monitored before, during, and after treatment. Identifying the predictors of TB-specific mortality may help public health authorities determine which subpopulations to target and where to allocate resources. PMID: 28394707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tax Avoidance and Evasion: Cigarette Purchases From Indian Reservations Among US Adult Smokers, 2010-2011.
The objectives of this study were to (1) provide the most recent state-specific prevalence of purchases made on Indian reservations by non-American Indians/Alaska Natives (non-AI/ANs) and (2) assess the impact of these purchases on state tax revenues. We used data from a large national and state-representative survey, the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, which collects self-reported measures on cigarette use and purchases. Nationwide, 3.8% of non-AI/AN smokers reported purchasing cigarettes from Indian reservations. However, in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, and Washingto...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research