NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29928837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29928840 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Do Death Certificates Underestimate the Burden of Rare Diseases? The Example of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Mortality, Sweden, 2001-2013.
The objective of this study was to determine the completeness of reporting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as a cause of death. METHODS: In 2017, we linked data on a Swedish population-based cohort (the Swedish Lupus Linkage, 2001-2013) comprising people with SLE (n = 8560) and their matched general population comparators (n = 37 717) to data from the Cause of Death Register. We reviewed death records of deceased people from the cohort (n = 5110) and extracted data on patient demographic characteristics and causes of death. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for not reporting SL...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

CDC's Program Evaluation Journey: 1999 to Present.
Authors: Kidder DP, Chapel TJ PMID: 29928844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection Among HIV-Infected Medicaid Enrollees.
CONCLUSION: Screening for latent TB infection among fee-for-service Medicaid beneficiaries with HIV was suboptimal, despite the presence of demographic, social, or clinical characteristics that should have increased the likelihood of screening. The lack of certain data in Medicaid may have resulted in an underestimation of screening. PMID: 29928845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Geography of Microcephaly in the Zika Era: A Study of Newborn Distribution and Socio-environmental Indicators in Recife, Brazil, 2015-2016.
CONCLUSIONS: The disproportionate incidence of microcephaly in newborns in poor areas of Recife reinforces the need for government and public health authorities to formulate policies that promote social equity and support for families and their children with microcephaly. PMID: 29920225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hospitalization Trends and Comorbidities Among People With HIV/AIDS Compared With the Overall Hospitalized Population, Illinois, 2008-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: HIV hospitalizations are largely preventable with appropriate treatment and adherence. Additional efforts to improve retention in HIV care that address comorbidities of PLWHA are needed. PMID: 29913100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Surveillance-Based Hepatitis C Care Cascade, New York City, 2017.
CONCLUSION: A substantial gap exists between confirming HCV infection and initiating treatment, even in the era of direct-acting antivirals. Using this cascade, we will monitor progress in improved treatment and cure of HCV in NYC. PMID: 29902392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Incorporation of Social Determinants of Health in the Peer-Reviewed Literature: A Systematic Review of Articles Authored by the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention.
CONCLUSIONS: This assessment serves as a baseline measurement of inclusion of SDH topics from NCHHSTP authors in the literature and creates a methodology that can be used in future assessments of this topic. PMID: 29874147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Statewide Evaluation of New HIV Diagnoses in Rhode Island: Implications for Prevention.
CONCLUSIONS: Most new HIV diagnoses in Rhode Island were among MSM born in the United States, and a substantial number were likely infected in-state. People with newly diagnosed HIV who were foreign-born, including Hispanic/Latino and heterosexual groups, were less likely to have acquired HIV in Rhode Island than were MSM. HIV prevention approaches, including pre-exposure prophylaxis, should be adapted to the needs of specific groups. Rhode Island offers lessons for other states focused on eliminating HIV transmission. PMID: 29874149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Anticipating Industry Arguments: The US Food and Drug Administration's Authority to Reduce Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes.
This article reviews some of the key legal arguments that industry is likely to advance and considers possible responses. As we demonstrate, there are strong arguments that the US Food and Drug Administration has the authority to implement a policy to reduce nicotine in cigarettes to nonaddictive levels. PMID: 29879366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Healthy Chinese Take-Out Sodium-Reduction Initiative in Philadelphia Low-Income Communities and Neighborhoods.
Authors: Ma GX, Shive SE, Zhang G, Aquilante J, Tan Y, Pharis M, Bettigole C, Lawman H, Wagner A, Zhu L, Zeng Q, Wang MQ Abstract OBJECTIVES: Sodium reduction in restaurant foods is important because 77% of sodium in the United States is consumed by eating prepared and restaurant foods. We evaluated a sodium-reduction intervention, Healthy Chinese Take-Out Initiative, among Chinese take-out restaurants in low-income neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Our objectives were to (1) analyze changes in the sodium content of food samples and (2) collect data on changes in chefs' and owners' knowledge about the he...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Adopting an Anti-Racism Public Health Curriculum Competency: The University of Washington Experience.
Authors: Hagopian A, West KM, Ornelas IJ, Hart AN, Hagedorn J, Spigner C PMID: 29847749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Recommendations on How to Manage Anticipated Communication Dilemmas Involving Medical Countermeasures in an Emergency.
Authors: Schoch-Spana M, Brunson E, Chandler H, Gronvall GK, Ravi S, Sell TK, Shearer MP Abstract National investments to facilitate prompt access to safe and effective medical countermeasures (MCMs) (ie, products used to diagnose, prevent, protect from, or treat conditions associated with chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear threats, or emerging infectious diseases) have little merit if people are not willing to take a recommended MCM during an emergency or inadvertently misuse or miss out on a recommended MCM during an emergency. Informed by the Expert Working Group on MCM Emergency Communication, the J...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Beliefs About Behavioral Determinants of Obesity in Appalachia, 2011-2014.
This study aimed to identify differences in beliefs about obesity between Appalachians and non-Appalachians. Our analyses explored health beliefs and behaviors among US adults aged ≥18 (n = 14 451) who responded to the Health Information National Trends Survey (2011-2014), of whom 1015 (8%) resided within the 420 counties recognized as Appalachian by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Using weighted regression analyses and controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and general health, we determined that self-reported body mass index was higher among Appalachians than among non-Appalachians ( B = 0.75, P =...
Source: Public Health Reports - May 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using HIV Surveillance Data to Link People to HIV Medical Care, 5 US States, 2012-2015.
Authors: Beltrami J, Dubose O, Carson R, Cleveland JC Abstract INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provided funding to 5 health departments for demonstration projects using HIV surveillance data to link people with newly diagnosed HIV to care. We assessed how well these health departments established linkage to care, how the demonstration projects helped them with this work, and if they sustained these activities after CDC funding ended. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained quantitative and qualitative data on linkage-to-care activities from health department...
Source: Public Health Reports - May 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract Chen LW, Gregg A, Palm D. Longitudinal evaluation of quality improvement and public health accreditation readiness in Nebraska local health departments, 2011-2016. Public Health Rep. 2018;133(3):250-256. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0033354918754542) There was an error with respect to Figures 2 and 3 in the original published version of this article. The article has been corrected online and in print. PMID: 29750892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Disparities in Initiation of Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents for Hepatitis C Virus Infection in an Insured Population.
Authors: Marcus JL, Hurley LB, Chamberland S, Champsi JH, Gittleman LC, Korn DG, Lai JB, Lam JO, Pauly MP, Quesenberry CP, Ready J, Saxena V, Seo SI, Witt DJ, Silverberg MJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: The cost of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may contribute to treatment disparities. However, few data exist on factors associated with DAA initiation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HCV-infected Kaiser Permanente Northern California members aged ≥18 during October 2014 to December 2016, using Poisson regression models to evaluate demographic, behavior...
Source: Public Health Reports - May 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Toward a Public Health Surveillance System for Behavioral Health.
Authors: Lyerla R, Stroup DF PMID: 29746207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Latent Classes of Substance Use Among American Indian and White Students Living on or Near Reservations, 2009-2013.
CONCLUSION: We found significant differences in substance use patterns, especially at younger ages, between reservation American Indian students and white students attending the same schools. Combinations of substances used by American Indian adolescents were most likely to include marijuana, as compared with alcohol for white adolescents. Identifying subpopulations of users allows the design of interventions that will more efficiently and effectively address prevention and treatment needs of groups of individuals than would a one-size-fits-all approach. PMID: 29746211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Care Utilization and Expenditures Attributable to Cigar Smoking Among US Adults, 2000-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive tobacco control policies and interventions are needed to reduce cigar smoking and the associated health care burden. PMID: 29688130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Cost Analysis of Single-Dose Hepatitis B Revaccination Among Infants Born to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen-Positive Mothers and Not Responding to the Initial Vaccine Series.
Authors: Hall EW, Rosenberg ES, Trigg M, Nelson N, Schillie S Abstract OBJECTIVES: Infants born to mothers who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive are at risk for perinatal hepatitis B infection. As prevention, these infants receive a series of 3 or 4 doses of hepatitis B vaccine starting at birth and postvaccination serologic testing. Infants with antibody levels
Source: Public Health Reports - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Mobile Phone App for Providing Adolescents With Sexual and Reproductive Health Information, New York City, 2013-2016.
Authors: Steinberg A, Griffin-Tomas M, Abu-Odeh D, Whitten A Abstract The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene released the Teens in NYC mobile phone application (app) in 2013 as part of a program to promote sexual and reproductive health among adolescents aged 12-19 in NYC. The app featured a locator that allowed users to search for health service providers by sexual health services, contraceptive methods, and geographic locations. We analyzed data on searches from the Where to Go section of the app to understand the patterns of use of the app's search functionality. From January 7, 2013, th...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption and Chronic Liver Disease Mortality in New Mexico and the United States, 1999-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: An expanded CLD definition and alcohol-attributable fractions can be used to create comprehensive data on CLD mortality. When stratified by CLD cause and demographic characteristics, these data may help states and jurisdictions improve CLD prevention programs. PMID: 29664698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hurricane Maria and a Generation of Resistencia.
Authors: PMID: 29669217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Estimated Cost to a Restaurant of a Foodborne Illness Outbreak.
CONCLUSIONS: The cost of a single foodborne illness outbreak to a restaurant can be substantial and outweigh the typical costs of prevention and control measures. Our study can help decision makers determine investment and motivate research for infection-control measures in restaurant settings. PMID: 29656701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tree-Related Injuries Associated With Response and Recovery From Hurricane Sandy, New Jersey, 2011-2014.
CONCLUSIONS: A major hurricane was associated with an increase in tree-related injuries in emergency departments, especially for mechanisms consistent with handling downed and damaged trees. Further research should confirm these findings and evaluate opportunities for preventing tree-related injuries. PMID: 29653060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Reducing the Risk of Alzheimer's Disease and Maintaining Brain Health in an Aging Society.
Authors: Kelley M, Ulin B, McGuire LC PMID: 29653062 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Longitudinal Evaluation of Quality Improvement and Public Health Accreditation Readiness in Nebraska Local Health Departments, 2011-2016.
CONCLUSION: Funding and technical assistance can improve LHDs' QI maturity and accreditation readiness. Improvement takes time and sustained efforts by LHDs, and support from external partners (eg, state health departments) helps build LHDs' QI maturity and accreditation readiness. PMID: 29653064 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Variation in Birth Outcomes by Mother's Country of Birth Among Hispanic Women in the United States, 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated heterogeneity in rates of adverse birth outcomes by country of birth for foreign-born Hispanic women. Presenting rates for foreign-born mothers as a group masks differences by country. To understand possible changes in data on birth outcomes, states should stratify data by maternal country of birth. PMID: 29653068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Identifying Algorithms to Improve the Accuracy of Unverified Diagnosis Codes for Birth Defects.
CONCLUSIONS: We found that surveillance programs that rely on unverified diagnosis codes can use algorithms to dramatically increase the accuracy of case finding, without having to review medical records. This can be important for etiologic studies. However, the use of increasingly restrictive case definition algorithms led to a decrease in completeness and the disproportionate exclusion of less severe cases, which could limit the widespread use of these approaches. PMID: 29620432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Improved Health and Insurance Status Among Cigarette Smokers After Medicaid Expansion, 2011-2016.
Authors: Brown CC, Tilford JM, Bird TM Abstract OBJECTIVES: The high concentration of smokers among subgroups targeted by the Affordable Care Act and the historically worse health and lower access to health care among smokers warrants an evaluation of how Medicaid expansion affects smokers. We evaluated the impact of Medicaid expansion on smoking behavior, access to health care, and health of low-income adults, and we compared outcomes of all low-income people with outcomes of low-income current smokers by states' Medicaid expansion status. METHODS: We obtained data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance ...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Naming Institutionalized Racism in the Public Health Literature: A Systematic Literature Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Although institutionalized racism is recognized as a fundamental cause of health inequities, it was not often explicitly named in the titles or abstracts of articles published in the public health literature during 2002-2015. Our results highlight the need to explicitly name institutionalized racism in articles in the public health literature and to make it a central concept in inequities research. More public health research on institutionalized racism could help efforts to overcome its substantial, longstanding effects on health and well-being. PMID: 29614234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: Public Health Reports - April 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Evidence Base for the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Constructs.
CONCLUSIONS: This evaluation highlights a limited evidence base for the MIECHV Benchmark 1 constructs and a need to clarify other criteria, beyond evidence, used to choose constructs and associated performance measures. One implication of not having evidence-based performance measures is a lack of confidence that the program will drive positive outcomes. If performance measures are not evidence based, it is difficult to attribute positive outcomes to the home visiting services. PMID: 29614235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Identifying Barriers to Collaboration Between Primary Care and Public Health: Experiences at the Local Level.
CONCLUSIONS: Some barriers to collaboration (eg, changes to health care billing, demands on provider time) require systems change to overcome, whereas others (eg, a lack of shared priorities and mutual awareness) could be addressed through educational approaches, without adding resources or making a systemic change. Overcoming these common barriers may lead to more effective collaboration. PMID: 29614236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Including a Novel Tobacco Product in Oregon's Indoor Clean Air Act: Lessons Learned for Clean Air Policy, 2015-2016.
Authors: Fiala SC, Drach LL, Parkman SW, Hargand SL, Girard KE PMID: 29614237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - April 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29596757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Development of a Surveillance Definition for United States-Mexico Binational Cases of Tuberculosis.
CONCLUSION: Input from partners who were responsible for the care and treatment of patients who cross the United States-Mexico border was crucial in defining a binational case of TB. PMID: 29570435 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Associations Between Comorbid Health Conditions and Quit Outcomes Among Smokers Enrolled in a State Quitline, Arizona, 2011-2016.
CONCLUSION: Having a comorbid condition was associated with lower quit rates, and smokers with co-occurring CHCs and MHCs had the lowest quit rates. Quitlines should evaluate more intensive, evidence-driven, tailored services for smoking cessation among callers with comorbid conditions. PMID: 29570436 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Value of Wellness.
Authors: Adams JM PMID: 29517948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessing New Diagnoses of HIV Among American Indian/Alaska Natives Served by the Indian Health Service, 2005-2014.
The objectives of this study were to use Indian Health Service (IHS) data from electronic health records to analyze human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses among American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) and to identify current rates and trends that can support data-driven policy implementation and resource allocation for this population. METHODS: We analyzed provider visit data from IHS to capture all AI/AN patients who met a definition of a new HIV diagnosis from 2005 through 2014 by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. We calculated rates and trends of new H...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Locating People Diagnosed With HIV for Public Health Action: Utility of HIV Case Surveillance and Other Data Sources.
Authors: Padilla M, Mattson CL, Scheer S, Udeagu CN, Buskin SE, Hughes AJ, Jaenicke T, Wohl AR, Prejean J, Wei SC Abstract INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case surveillance and other health care databases are increasingly being used for public health action, which has the potential to optimize the health outcomes of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, often PLWH cannot be located based on the contact information available in these data sources. We assessed the accuracy of contact information for PLWH in HIV case surveillance and additional data sources and whether time since diagnosis was assoc...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Variations in Cigarette Smoking and Quit Attempts by Health Insurance Among US Adults in 41 States and 2 Jurisdictions, 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: We found disparities in smoking and quit attempts by insurance status and state. Opportunities exist to increase access to cessation treatments through comprehensive state tobacco control programs and improved cessation insurance coverage, coupled with promotion of covered cessation treatments. PMID: 29471727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Emotional Well-Being and Public Health: Proposal for a Model National Initiative.
Authors: Feller SC, Castillo EG, Greenberg JM, Abascal P, Van Horn R, Wells KB, University of California, Los Angeles Community Translational Science Team Abstract In 2011, the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council named mental and emotional well-being as 1 of 7 priority areas for the National Prevention Strategy. In this article, we discuss emotional well-being as a scientific concept and its relevance to public health. We review evidence that supports the association between emotional well-being and health. We propose a national emotional well-being initiative and describe its 6 compone...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary Dissertation Research Among Public Health Doctoral Trainees, 2003-2015.
Authors: Golembiewski EH, Holmes AM, Jackson JR, Brown-Podgorski BL, Menachemi N Abstract OBJECTIVES: Given the call for more interdisciplinary research in public health, the objectives of this study were to (1) examine the correlates of interdisciplinary dissertation completion and (2) identify secondary fields most common among interdisciplinary public health graduates. METHODS: We analyzed pooled cross-sectional data from 11 120 doctoral graduates in the Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2003-2015. The primary outcome was interdisciplinary dissertation completion. Covariates included primary public health ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Impacts of Federally Funded State Obesity Programs on Adult Obesity Prevalence in the United States, 1998-2010.
CONCLUSIONS: Statewide obesity interventions can contribute to reduced odds of obesity in the United States. Future research should evaluate the CDC-DNPAO programs in relation to their goals, objectives, and other environmental obesity risk factors to inform future interventions. PMID: 29425081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mortality and Cause of Death in Younger Homeless Veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Younger and middle-aged homeless veterans had higher mortality rates than those of their non-homeless veteran peers. Our results indicate that homelessness substantially increases mortality risk in veterans throughout the adult age range. Health assessment would be valuable for assessing the mortality risk among homeless veterans regardless of age. PMID: 29420922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Modernizing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Informatics Using Surveillance Data Platform Shared Services.
Authors: Lee B, Martin T, Khan A, Fullerton K, Duck W, Kinley T, Stoutenburg S, Hall J, Crum M, Garcia MC, Iademarco MF, Richards CL PMID: 29420924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Rapid Escalation of Fentanyl in Illicit Drug Evidence in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 2010-2016.
Authors: Creppage KE, Yohannan J, Williams K, Buchanich JM, Songer TJ, Wisniewski SR, Fabio A Abstract Opioid overdose deaths in the United States quadrupled from 1999 (n = 8050 deaths) to 2015 (n = 33 091 deaths), and the number of deaths associated with synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, increased from 3105 deaths in 2013 to nearly 20 000 deaths in 2016. Given this rapid increase, timely surveillance for drugs in circulation is crucial. However, current surveillance systems used to track drug overdoses do not detect new drugs in circulation quickly. We studied the change in the presence of fentany...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Reducing Harm Through Litigation Against Opioid Manufacturers? Lessons From the Tobacco Wars.
Authors: Carr D, Davis CS, Rutkow L PMID: 29357263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research