Thirdhand Smoke: State of the Science and a Call for Policy Expansion.
Authors: Northrup TF, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Hoh E, Quintana PJ, Hovell MF, Matt GE, Stotts AL PMID: 26957657 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Congressional Public Health Caucus.
Authors: Currie JT PMID: 26957658 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Oral Health Strategic Framework, 2014-2017.
Authors: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Oral Health Coordinating Committee PMID: 26957659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sharing Overdose Data Across State Agencies to Inform Public Health Strategies: A Case Study.
Authors: Cherico-Hsii S, Bankoski A, Singal P, Horon I, Beane E, Casey M, Rebbert-Franklin K, Sharfstein J Abstract Data sharing and analysis are important components of coordinated and cost-effective public health strategies. However, legal and policy barriers have made data from different agencies difficult to share and analyze for policy development. To address a rise in overdose deaths, Maryland used an innovative and focused approach to bring together data on overdose decedents across multiple agencies. The effort was focused on developing discrete intervention points based on information yielded on decedents'...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Online Hookup Sites for Meeting Sexual Partners Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Rhode Island, 2013: A Call for Public Health Action.
We present the advertising prices and corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs of the top five sites used by newly diagnosed HIV-positive MSM to meet sexual partners: Grindr, Adam4Adam, Manhunt, Scruff, and Craigslist. Craigslist offered universal free advertising. Scruff offered free online advertising to selected nonprofit organizations. Grindr and Manhunt offered reduced, but widely varying, pricing for nonprofit advertisers. More than half (60%, 26/43) of newly diagnosed MSM reported meeting sexual partners online in the 12 months prior to their diagnosis. Opportunities for public health agencies to promote HIV-r...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Characteristics of Local Health Departments Associated with Implementation of Electronic Health Records and Other Informatics Systems.
CONCLUSION: Many LHDs lack health informatics capacity, particularly in smaller, rural jurisdictions. Cross-jurisdictional sharing, investment in public health informatics infrastructure, and additional training may help address these shortfalls. PMID: 26957662 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Timing of Clinical Billing Reimbursement for a Local Health Department.
CONCLUSIONS: Billing represents an important financial opportunity for LHDs to continue to sustainably assure population health. Yet, the lag from service provision to reimbursement may complicate budgeting, especially in initial years of new billing activities. Special consideration may be necessary to establish flexibility in the budget-setting processes for services with clinical billing revenues, because funds for services delivered in one budget period may not be received in the same period. LHDs may also benefit from exploring strategies used by other delivery organizations to streamline billing processes. PMID: ...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Association Between Neighborhood Poverty and HIV Diagnoses Among Males and Females in New York City, 2010-2011.
Authors: Wiewel EW, Bocour A, Kersanske LS, Bodach SD, Xia Q, Braunstein SL Abstract OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association of neighborhood poverty with HIV diagnosis rates for males and females in New York City. METHODS: We calculated annual HIV diagnosis rates by ZIP Code, sex, and neighborhood poverty level using 2010-2011 New York City (NYC) HIV surveillance data and data from the U.S. Census 2010 and American Community Survey 2007-2011. Neighborhood poverty levels were percentage of residents in a ZIP Code with incomes below the federal poverty threshold, categorized as 0%-
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection, Immigration Status, and Diagnostic Discordance: A Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold In-Tube Test Among Immigrants to the U.S.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that whether and how either of these tests should be deployed is highly context sensitive. Significant discordance in test results when used among immigrants raises the possibility of missed opportunities for harm reduction in this already at-risk population. However, we found little distinction between the tests in terms of diagnostic outcome when used in a U.S. native population, suggesting little benefit to the adoption and use of the QFT-GIT test in place of TST on the basis of test performance alone for this population. PMID: 26957665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HIV Testing Among Men at Risk for Acquiring HIV Infection Before and After the 2006 CDC Recommendations.
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of annual HIV testing was low for men with sexual risk for HIV infection, and little improvement took place from 2002 to 2006-2010. Interventions aimed at men at risk, especially MSM, in both nonmedical and health-care settings, likely could increase HIV testing. PMID: 26957666 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Physician Attitudes Toward Adult Vaccines and Other Preventive Practices, United States, 2012.
We described the following among U.S. primary care physicians: (1) perceived importance of vaccines recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices relative to U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) preventive services, (2) attitudes toward the U.S. adult immunization schedule, and (3) awareness and use of Medicare preventive service visits. METHODS: We conducted an Internet and mail survey from March to June 2012 among national networks of general internists and family physicians. RESULTS: We received responses from 352 of 445 (79%) general internists and 255 of 409 (62%) family physicians. F...
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Distribution, Determinants, and Prevention of Falls Among the Elderly in the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey.
CONCLUSION: Patients with a history of falls did not consistently receive professional recommendations on fall prevention-related lifestyle or living condition changes. Given the high likelihood of a serious fall, future interventions should focus on involving primary care physicians in active preventive efforts before a fall occurs. PMID: 26957668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in the United States: Updated Estimates of Women and Girls at Risk, 2012.
CONCLUSION: The estimated increase was wholly a result of rapid growth in the number of immigrants from FGM/C-practicing countries living in the United States and not from increases in FGM/C prevalence in those countries. Scientifically valid information regarding whether women or their daughters have actually undergone FGM/C and related information that can contribute to efforts to prevent the practice in the United States and provide needed health services to women who have undergone FGM/C are needed. PMID: 26957669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Great Recession of 2007-2009 and Public Insurance Coverage for Children in Alabama: Enrollment and Claims Data from 1999-2011.
CONCLUSION: Recessions have a substantial impact on the number of children enrolled in CHIP and Medicaid, and a disproportionate impact on program spending. Programs should be aware of the likely magnitudes of the effects in their budget planning. PMID: 26957670 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Differences Among U.S. Children and Adults Exposed to Secondhand Smoke at Home: National Health Interview Surveys 2000 and 2010.
CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported SHS exposure at home declined for all population subgroups from 2000 to 2010, but socioeconomic differences existed for some subgroups in both years. Current tobacco control policies need to be improved to reach all population subgroups so that SHS exposure can be further reduced, especially among vulnerable populations. PMID: 26957671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Defining Sickle Cell Disease Mortality Using a Population-Based Surveillance System, 2004 through 2008.
CONCLUSION: Accurate assessment of all-cause mortality and age at death requires long-term surveillance via population-based registries of patients with accurately diagnosed SCD. PMID: 26957672 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: PMID: 26957673 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Law and the Public's Health.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 26957674 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Raising the Tobacco Sales Age to 21: Surveying the Legal Landscape.
Authors: Berman ML PMID: 26957675 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - March 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Routine Screening for HIV Infection in Medical Care Settings: A Decade of Progress and Next Opportunities.
Authors: Sullivan PS, Lyons MS, Czarnogorski M, Branson BM PMID: 26862224 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Strengthening Screening for HIV, Hepatitis C, and STIs: An Innovative Partnership Between the Health Department and Community Health Centers in New York City.
Authors: Terranova E, Tsoi B, Laraque F, Washburn K, Fuld J Abstract In New York City, federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are ideal partners for health departments because of their location in neighborhoods with high rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and gonorrhea. Providers have experienced many barriers to following screening and treatment recommendations. In 2013, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with six FQHCs, representing 14 clinics, to make screening for HIV and HCV routine and increase adherence to gonorrhea treatment guidelines through education, el...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating Routine HIV Screening in the New York City Community Health Center Collaborative.
CONCLUSION: This study enabled routine HIV implementation testing at a community health center network, which resulted in enhanced HIV testing, an increased number of HIV-positive cases identified, and a rise in the number of patients linked to HIV specialist care. PMID: 26862226 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Experiences Implementing a Routine HIV Screening Program in Two Federally Qualified Health Centers in the Southern United States.
CONCLUSION: Southside and Central Care effectively implemented routine HIV screening programs that dramatically increased their testing volume while also linking the majority of HIV-positive patients to care. Other community health centers should consider similar programs. PMID: 26862227 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Routine HIV Screening in an Urban Community Health Center: Results from a Geographically Focused Implementation Science Program.
CONCLUSION: Routine HIV screening at CHCs in neighborhoods with high rates of HIV infection is feasible. Routine screening is an important tool to improve HIV care continuum outcomes and to address racial and geographic disparities in HIV infection. PMID: 26862228 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Dual-Routine HCV/HIV Testing: Seroprevalence and Linkage to Care in Four Community Health Centers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
CONCLUSION: The dual-routine HCV/HIV testing model shows that integrating dual-routine testing in a primary care setting is possible and leads to increased HCV and HIV screening, enhanced seropositivity diagnosis, and improved linkage to care. PMID: 26862229 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Ten Sites, 10 Years, 10 Lessons: Scale-up of Routine HIV Testing at Community Health Centers in the Bronx, New York.
CONCLUSION: ACTS demonstrated that substantial and sustained increases in routine HIV testing can be achieved in health-care settings, not by adding personnel or financial resources, but by using the model's practice change plan and streamlined HIV testing approach. PMID: 26862230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How Compliance Measures, Behavior Modification, and Continuous Quality Improvement Led to Routine HIV Screening in an Emergency Department in Brooklyn, New York.
CONCLUSION: Using compliance-monitoring, behavior-modification, and continuous quality-improvement processes produced substantial increases in offers and HIV test completion. WHMC is replicating this approach across departments, and other hospitals implementing routine HIV screening programs should consider this approach as well. PMID: 26862231 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Costs of Expanded Rapid HIV Testing in Four Emergency Departments.
CONCLUSION: An optimized process could achieve additional cost savings but would require an investment in electronic system interfaces to further automate testing processes. PMID: 26862232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Scaling Up HIV Testing in an Academic Emergency Department: An Integrated Testing Model with Rapid Fourth-Generation and Point-of-Care Testing.
CONCLUSION: Integrating HIV screening into the standard triage workflow resulted in a higher proportion of ED patients being tested for HIV as compared with the supplementary staff-only HIV testing model. New rapid fourth-generation testing technology allowed the identification of acute HIV infection and same-visit confirmation of a positive diagnosis. PMID: 26862233 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Comparison of Parallel and Integrated Models for Implementation of Routine HIV Screening in a Large, Urban Emergency Department.
This study compared two approaches for implementation of non-targeted HIV screening in the emergency department (ED): (1) designated HIV counselors screening in parallel with ED care and (2) nurse-based screening integrated into patient triage. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to compare parallel and integrated screening models using data from the first 12 months of each program. Data for the parallel screening model were extracted from information collected by HIV test counselors and the electronic medical record (EMR). Integrated screening model data were extracted from the EMR and supplemented by data...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evolution and Escalation of an Emergency Department Routine, Opt-out HIV Screening and Linkage-to-Care Program.
CONCLUSION: This program demonstrated the capacity for high-volume, routine, opt-out HIV screening. Evolving ED challenges require program monitoring and adaptation to sustain scalable HIV screening in EDs. PMID: 26862235 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Expanded HIV Testing and Linkage to Care: Conventional vs. Point-of-Care Testing and Assignment of Patient Notification and Linkage to Care to an HIV Care Program.
Authors: Bares S, Eavou R, Bertozzi-Villa C, Taylor M, Hyland H, McFadden R, Shah S, Pho MT, Walter J, Badlani S, Schneider J, Prachand N, Benbow N, Pitrak D Abstract OBJECTIVE: The University of Chicago Medicine (UCM) led the Expanded Testing and Linkage to Care (X-TLC) program for disproportionately affected populations on the South Side of Chicago. The X-TLC program aimed to expand routine HIV testing to high-prevalence communities with disproportionately affected populations (i.e., minority men and women, men who have sex with men, and intravenous drug users) according to CDC guidelines at multiple clinical sit...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Implementing Routine HIV Screening in Three Chicago Hospitals: Lessons Learned.
This study describes routine HIV screening implementation and outcomes in three hospitals in Chicago, Illinois. METHODS: Retrospective data from three hospitals were examined, and routine testing procedures, testing volume, reactive test results, and linkage-to-care outcomes were documented. RESULTS: From January 2012 through March 2014, 40,788 HIV tests were administered at the three hospitals: 18,603 (46%) in the emergency department (ED), 7,546 (19%) in the inpatient departments, and 14,639 (36%) in outpatient clinics. The screened patients varied from 1% to 22% of the total eligible patient population across ho...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating Routine HIV Testing into Family Planning Clinics That Treat Adolescents and Young Adults.
This study describes the process of implementing HIV services into family planning clinics and how to train staff in routine, opt-out testing. METHODS: This study used HIV screening data from 10 family planning clinics serving adolescents and young adults in Houston, Texas. A total of 34,299 patients were tested for HIV during a 48-month study period, from January 2010 through December 2014. RESULTS: Patients tested included minors
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Pharmacy Intervention to Improve HIV Testing Uptake Using a Comprehensive Health Screening Approach.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that adoption of strategies that destigmatize and normalize HIV testing can improve uptake. Implementation of this strategy in low-access, minority communities with high HIV prevalence and among high-risk populations may help reduce racial/ethnic disparities in HIV. PMID: 26862239 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor.
Authors: PMID: 26843659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evidence of Support for Smoke-Free Public Housing Among New York City Residents.
Authors: Farley SM, Schroth KR, Curtis CJ, Angell S PMID: 26843660 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26843661 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HRSA's Transformation of Public Health Training.
Authors: Bigley MB PMID: 26843662 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Shift to High-Impact HIV Prevention by Health Departments in the United States.
Authors: Purcell DW, McCray E, Mermin J PMID: 26843663 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Call for Greater Consideration for the Role of Vaccines in National Strategies to Combat Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria: Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 10, 2015.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 26843664 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Overcoming Barriers to Low HPV Vaccine Uptake in the United States: Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 9, 2015.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 26843665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hepatitis A Infections Among Food Handlers in the United States, 1993-2011.
Authors: Sharapov UM, Kentenyants K, Groeger J, Roberts H, Holmberg SD, Collier MG Abstract We reviewed news reports of hepatitis A virus (HAV)-infected food handlers in the United States from 1993 to 2011 using the LexisNexis® search engine. Using U.S. news reports, we identified 192 HAV-infected food handlers who worked while infectious; of these HAV-infected individuals, 34 (18%) transmitted HAV to restaurant patrons. News reports of HAV-infected food handlers declined from 1993 to 2011. This analysis suggests that universal childhood vaccination contributed to the decrease in reports of HAV-infected food ha...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using a Handheld Device for Patient Data Collection: A Pilot for Medical Countermeasures Surveillance.
This study, conducted within the Mini-Sentinel Initiative, sought to develop the patient identification and matching processes necessary to assess safety outcomes for MCMs. A handheld device was used to collect identifying information (e.g., name, birthdate, and sex) from the driver's licenses of 421 individuals presenting for routine care at their primary care medical office. Overall, 374 individuals (88.8%) could be linked to their electronic health data using driver's license information. The device was also pilot-tested at a seasonal influenza immunization clinic: detailed vaccine information (e.g., lot number and manu...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Tool for Providing Data on Small Areas: Development of Neighborhood Profiles for Santa Clara County, California, 2014.
We describe a tool-neighborhood profiles-that provides a way for public health agencies and their partners to define neighborhood boundaries, select indicators, and disseminate data in a user-friendly format. We also share lessons learned, including the importance of involving planning departments in boundary definition to ensure relevance to the community, selecting a framework that links indicators to broader conceptual categories that can highlight disparities, and forming a team with the diverse skills necessary for planning and developing the profiles. PMID: 26843668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating Public Health and Deliberative Public Bioethics: Lessons from the Human Genome Project Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Program.
We describe how deliberative public bioethics is a method of engagement that can be helpful in public health. Although medical, research, and public health ethics can be considered some of what bioethics addresses, deliberative public bioethics offers both a how and where. Using the Human Genome Project Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications program as an example of effective incorporation of deliberative processes to integrate ethics into public health policy, we examine how deliberative public bioethics can integrate both public health and bioethics perspectives into three areas of public health practice: research, educ...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Shifting Resources and Focus to Meet the Goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: The Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.
Authors: Flores SA, Purcell DW, Fisher HH, Belcher L, Carey JW, Courtenay-Quirk C, Dunbar E, Eke AN, Galindo CA, Glassman M, Margolis AD, Neumann MS, Prather C, Stratford D, Taylor RD, Mermin J, ECHPP Project Team Abstract In September 2010, CDC launched the Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning (ECHPP) project to shift HIV-related activities to meet goals of the 2010 National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). Twelve health departments in cities with high AIDS burden participated. These 12 grantees submitted plans detailing jurisdiction-level goals, strategies, and objectives for HIV prevention and care activities...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Critical Assessment of Officially Reported Chagas Disease Surveillance Data in Mexico.
CONCLUSION: While increasing trends in officially reported data have been observed, large discrepancies in case estimates compromise our understanding of Chagas disease epidemiology. Reported cases based on current practices are not enough to correctly assess the Chagas disease burden and spatial distribution in Mexico. Understanding the true epidemiology of this disease will lead to more focused and successful control and prevention strategies to decrease disease burden. PMID: 26843671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation Framework for HIV Prevention and Care Activities in the Enhanced Comprehensive HIV Prevention Planning Project, 2010-2013.
CONCLUSION: The ECHPP evaluation (2008-2015) will assess whether ECHPP programmatic activities in 12 areas with high AIDS prevalence contributed to changes in client outcomes, and whether these changes were associated with changes in longer-term, community-level impact. PMID: 26843672 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Inhaled Toxicants from Waterpipe and Cigarette Smoking.
CONCLUSIONS: One WTS session consistently exposed users to larger smoke volumes and higher levels of tobacco toxicants compared with one cigarette. These computed estimates may be valuable to emphasize in prevention programming. PMID: 26843673 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research