Change in Population Characteristics and Teen Birth Rates in 77 Community Areas: Chicago, Illinois, 1999-2009.
Authors: Gunaratne S, Masinter L, Kolak M, Feinglass J Abstract OBJECTIVE: We analyzed community area differences in teen births in Chicago, Illinois, from 1999 to 2009. We analyzed the association between changes in teen birth rates and concurrent measures of community area socioeconomic and demographic change. METHODS: Mean annual changes in teen birth rates in 77 Chicago community areas were correlated with concurrent census-based population changes during the decade. Census measures included changes in race/ethnicity, adult high school dropouts, poverty or higher-income households, crowded housing, unemploy...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Improving Population Blood Pressure Control for Brain and Heart Health.
Authors: George MG, Hong Y, Bowman BA PMID: 26345373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Drug Overdose Deaths: Let's Get Specific.
Authors: Slavova S, O'Brien DB, Creppage K, Dao D, Fondario A, Haile E, Hume B, Largo TW, Nguyen C, Sabel JC, Wright D, Members of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists Overdose Subcommittee PMID: 26345488 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Medicare-Associated Spike in U.S. Cancer Rates at Age 65, 2000-2010.
We examined whether or not delays in medical care near this age extend to cancer diagnosis. We calculated single-year-of-age cancer incidence rates by site and stage for the most common cancer sites (i.e., prostate, female breast, lung, and colorectal) for the 2000-2010 period using data from the SEER 18 registries, and we used Poisson regression to identify a possible age-65 effect. The analysis was repeated on comparable Canadian data. Cancer rates at age 65 were found to be as much as 15% above expected in the U.S. data, with the age-65 effect strongly associated with site- and stage-specific survival. A smaller associa...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Errata.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 196 in vol. 130, PMID: 25931620.][This corrects the article on p. 62 in vol. 127, PMID: 22298923.]. PMID: 26345610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Elimination Efforts in the United States in the Era of Insurance Expansion and the Affordable Care Act.
Authors: Balaban V, Marks SM, Etkind SC, Katz DJ, Higashi J, Flood J, Cronin A, Ho CS, Khan A, Chorba T Abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act can enhance ongoing efforts to control tuberculosis (TB) in the United States by bringing millions of currently uninsured Americans into the health-care system. However, much of the legislative and financial framework that provides essential public health services necessary for effective TB control is outside the scope of the law. We identified three key issues that will still need to be addressed after full implementation of the Affordable Care Act: (1) ess...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Correlates of Concurrent Sexual Partnerships Among Young, Rural African American Men.
CONCLUSION: Masculinity attitudes and impulsive decision-making are independent predictors of concurrent sexual partnerships among rural African American men and, consequently, the spread of HIV and other STIs. Developing programs that target masculinity attitudes and self-regulatory skills may help to reduce concurrent sexual partnerships. PMID: 26345725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: PMID: 26345738 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Surgeon General's Perspectives.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 26346094 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Framework to Reduce Infectious Disease Risk from Urban Poultry in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: To reduce the risk of pathogen exposure from backyard poultry, urban ordinances should incorporate the following seven components: limited flock size, composting of manure in sealed containers, prohibition of slaughter, required veterinary care to sick birds, appropriate disposal of dead birds, annual permits linked to consumer education, and a registry of poultry owners. PMID: 26346104 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Future of Immunizaton Information System Cross-Jurisdictional Data Exchange.
Authors: Martin K, Jarris P PMID: 26346227 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Regulation of Information Technology in Behavioral Health.
Authors: Goldstein MM PMID: 26346328 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

U.S. Public Health Service Recommendation for Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water for the Prevention of Dental Caries.
Authors: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Federal Panel on Community Water Fluoridation PMID: 26346489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Water Intake by Outdoor Temperature Among Children Aged 1-10 Years: Implications for Community Water Fluoridation in the U.S.
CONCLUSION: Optimal fluoride concentration in drinking water to prevent caries need not be based on outdoor temperature, given the lack of association between total water intake and outdoor temperature, the weak association between plain water intake and outdoor temperature, and the minimal amount of individual variance in plain water intake explained by outdoor temperature. These findings support the change in the U.S. Public Health Service recommendation for fluoride concentration in drinking water for the prevention of dental caries from temperature-related concentrations to a single concentration that is not related to...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NVAC Statement of Support Regarding Efforts to Better Implement IIS-to-IIS Data Exchange Across Jurisdictions: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on February 10, 2015.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 26346664 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Changes in Caries Experience, Untreated Caries, Sealant Prevalence, and Preventive Behavior Among Third-Graders in New York State, 2002-2004 and 2009-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: Measurable improvement in reducing dental caries prevalence among third-grade children has been made in New York State, but this improvement was not uniform across subgroups. Specifically, disease prevalence among lower-income children remained high, underscoring the need to strengthen existing programs and identify additional policy and programmatic interventions. PMID: 26346760 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Surgeon General's Perspectives.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 26346894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor.
Authors: Shaw FE PMID: 26346994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Advising Undergraduate Public Health Students: A Phased Approach.
Authors: Arnold LD, Embry ES, Fox C PMID: 26347087 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mobilizing Young People in Community Efforts to Improve the Food Environment: Corner Store Conversions in East Los Angeles.
Authors: Sharif MZ, Garza JR, Langellier BA, Kuo AA, Glik DC, Prelip ML, Ortega AN PMID: 26347230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Law and the Public's Health.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 26347344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26347454 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor.
Authors: PMID: 26327715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Making Our Communities Walkable for Older Adults.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 26327716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26327717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Let's Move! Cities, Towns and Counties: Working with Local Elected Officials to Improve Community Food and Physical Activity Environments.
Authors: McKinnon RA, Wiedt T, Hoffnagle E, Shrimplin S, Extended Let's Move! Cities, Towns and Counties Team PMID: 26327718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Bottleneck or Magnifying Glass? Monitoring the Health-Care System's Vital Signs through Emergency Departments.
Authors: Sauser K, Vickery KD, Davis MM PMID: 26327719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Suffer the Infants: A Severe Case of Pertussis in Oregon, 2012.
This report describes an Oregon infant who was hospitalized with pertussis for 90 days, required extracorporeal oxygenation for 43 days, suffered complications including stroke, and had hospital charges totaling $1.5 million. Pertussis morbidity among young infants argues for vaccination of women during each pregnancy and of infants beginning promptly at two months of age. PMID: 26327720 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Fire Assay Workers and Their Children in Alaska, 2010-2011.
Authors: Porter KA, Kirk C, Fearey D, Castrodale LJ, Verbrugge D, McLaughlin J Abstract In October 2010, an employee at Facility A in Alaska that performs fire assay analysis, an industrial technique that uses lead-containing flux to obtain metals from pulverized rocks, was reported to the Alaska Section of Epidemiology (SOE) with an elevated blood lead level (BLL) ≥10 micrograms per deciliter (μg/dL). The SOE initiated an investigation; investigators interviewed employees, offered blood lead screening to employees and their families, and observed a visit to the industrial facility by the Alaska Occupational ...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Measuring Accreditation Activity and Progress: Findings from a Survey of Indiana Local Health Departments, 2013.
Authors: Meyerson BE, Barnes PR, King J, Degi LS, Halverson PK, Polmanski HF Abstract A 2013 survey of Indiana local health departments (LHDs) measured accreditation activity and progress. Reported activities were categorized using the Public Health Accreditation Board's (PHAB's) accreditation steps as a guiding framework and matched with selected sociodemographic, organizational, and technical assistance variables. Findings indicated that 42 (59.2%) of responding Indiana LHDs reported pursuing accreditation. Of LHDs pursuing accreditation, 21 were at the initial introductory step, 18 were at the prerequisite step,...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Impact of the National School Lunch Program on Fruit and Vegetable Selection in Northeastern Elementary Schoolchildren, 2012-2013.
Authors: Amin SA, Yon BA, Taylor JC, Johnson RK Abstract Increasing children's fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is an important goal of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) National School Lunch Program. Since 2012, the USDA's requirement that children select FVs at lunch as part of the reimbursable school meal has been met with concern and evidence of food waste. We compared elementary schoolchildren's FV selection, consumption, and waste before (10 school visits, 498 tray observations) and after (11 school visits, 944 tray observations) implementation of this requirement using validated dietary asses...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Community Health Worker Intervention to Reduce HIV/AIDS Stigma and Increase HIV Testing Among Underserved Latinos in the Southwestern U.S.
Authors: Rios-Ellis B, Becker D, Espinoza L, Nguyen-Rodriguez S, Diaz G, Carricchi A, Galvez G, Garcia M Abstract OBJECTIVES: Latinos are at an elevated risk for HIV infection. Continued HIV/AIDS stigma presents barriers to HIV testing and affects the quality of life of HIV-positive individuals, yet few interventions addressing HIV/AIDS stigma have been developed for Latinos. METHODS: An intervention led by community health workers (promotores de salud, or promotores) targeting underserved Latinos in three southwestern U.S. communities was developed to decrease HIV/AIDS stigma and increase HIV knowledge and per...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends and Differences Among Three New Indicators of HIV Infection Progression.
CONCLUSION: Continued efforts are needed to ensure early HIV diagnosis as well as initial linkage to and continued engagement in HIV medical care among all people living with HIV. Targeted interventions are needed to improve health-care and supportive services for those with worse health outcomes. PMID: 26327725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Transnational Record Linkage for Tuberculosis Surveillance and Program Evaluation.
CONCLUSION: Electronic linkage of pre-immigration screening records to a domestic TB registry was feasible, sensitive, and highly specific in two high-priority immigrant cohorts. Transnational record linkage can be used for program evaluation and routine monitoring of post-U.S.-arrival TB risk among immigrants, but requires interagency data sharing and collaboration. PMID: 26327726 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Children and Adolescents Unvaccinated Against Measles: Geographic Clustering, Parents' Beliefs, and Missed Opportunities.
CONCLUSIONS: Reasons other than negative vaccine-related beliefs, including missed opportunities, accounted for the vast majority of unvaccinated children and adolescents. PMID: 26327727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sex and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Premature Mortality Due to HIV: Florida, 2000-2009.
This study aimed to characterize premature mortality among people diagnosed with HIV infection from 2000 to 2009 in Florida, by sex and race/ethnicity, to estimate differences in premature mortality that could be prevented by linkage to HIV care and treatment. METHODS: Florida surveillance data for HIV diagnoses (excluding concurrent AIDS diagnoses) were linked with vital records data to ascertain deaths through 2011. Years of potential life lost (YPLL) were obtained from the expected number of remaining years of life at a given age from the U.S. sex-specific period life tables. RESULTS: Among 41,565 people diagnos...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends in HIV Testing Among U.S. Older Adults Prior to and Since Release of CDC's Routine HIV Testing Recommendations: National Findings from the BRFSS.
This study examined temporal trends in HIV testing among U.S. older adults (50-64 years of age) before and after the release of CDC's routine HIV testing recommendations in 2006. METHODS: The sample (n=872,797; 51.4% female) comprised 2003-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System respondents in the oldest categories to which the recommendations apply: 50-54 years (34.5%, n=301,519), 55-59 years (34.1%, n=297,865), and 60-64 years (31.3%, n=273,413). We calculated (1) four-year pooled prevalences of past-year HIV testing before and after 2006, when the recommendations were released; and (2) annual prevalences of ...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Role of Adverse Event Reporting in the FDA Response to a Multistate Outbreak of Liver Disease Associated with a Dietary Supplement.
CONCLUSIONS: Vigilant surveillance is required for adverse events linked to the use of dietary supplements. PMID: 26327730 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Do Sexually Oriented Massage Parlors Cluster in Specific Neighborhoods? A Spatial Analysis of Indoor Sex Work in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, California.
CONCLUSION: Sexually oriented massage parlors in Los Angeles and Orange counties cluster in particular neighborhoods. More research is needed to ascertain the causal factors of such clusters and how interventions can be designed to leverage these spatial factors. PMID: 26327731 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Law and the Public's Health.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 26327732 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Public Health Laboratories and the Affordable Care Act: What the New Health-Care System Means for Public Health Preparedness.
Authors: Malcarney MB, Seiler N, Horton K PMID: 26327733 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Law and the Public's Health.
Authors: Rosenbaum S PMID: 26327734 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Respecting Religious Freedoms and Protecting the Public's Health.
Authors: Hodge JG PMID: 26327735 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: PMID: 26327736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Model for Development and Delivery of a Graduate Course in Transdisciplinary Research.
Authors: Reme SE, Caban-Martinez AJ, Young J, Arlinghaus A, Gray G PMID: 26327737 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A message from the editor.
Authors: Shaw FE PMID: 25931616 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 60 in vol. 130, PMID: 25552756.]. PMID: 25931617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Surgeon General's Perspectives.
Authors: Murthy VH PMID: 25931618 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Executive perspective.
Authors: PMID: 25931619 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Adolescent health and teen pregnancy in the United States: a progress report.
Authors: Kappeler EM PMID: 25931620 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - May 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research