Addressing health and health-care disparities: the role of a diverse workforce and the social determinants of health.
This article offers a rationale for increasing the diversity and cultural competency of the health and health-care workforce, and describes key strategies led by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Minority Health to promote cultural competency in the health-care system and strengthen community-level approaches to improving health and health care for all. PMID: 24385666 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Federal investments to eliminate racial/ethnic health-care disparities.
We present a model that describes the relationships among social disadvantage, health-care disparities, and health disparities. Improving access to health care and enhancing patient-provider interaction are critical pathways for reducing disparities. Increasing the diversity of the public health and health-care workforces is an efficient strategy for reducing disparities because it impacts both access to care and patient-provider communication. Federal policy makers should continue interest in workforce diversity to optimize the health of all Americans. PMID: 24385667 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Transitioning from health disparities to a health equity research agenda: the time is now.
This article highlights ongoing research and programmatic efforts underway at the National Institutes of Health that hold promise for advancing population health and improving health equity. PMID: 24385668 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A message from the editor.
Authors: Bigley MB PMID: 24587542 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Surgeon general's perspectives.
Authors: Lushniak BD PMID: 24587543 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory committee: standards for adult immunization practice.
Authors: National Vaccine Advisory Committee PMID: 24587544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

On the hard and soft sciences in public health.
Authors: VanLandingham M PMID: 24587545 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Faith-based partnerships for population health: challenges, initiatives, and prospects.
Authors: Levin J PMID: 24587546 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Infectious disease surveillance in the 21st century: an integrated web-based surveillance and case management system.
Authors: Troppy S, Haney G, Cocoros N, Cranston K, DeMaria A Abstract The Massachusetts Virtual Epidemiologic Network (MAVEN) was deployed in 2006 by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Bureau of Infectious Disease to serve as an integrated, Web-based disease surveillance and case management system. MAVEN replaced program-specific, siloed databases, which were inaccessible to local public health and unable to integrate electronic reporting. Disease events are automatically created without human intervention when a case or laboratory report is received and triaged in real time to state and local public he...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Prescription drug monitoring and dispensing of prescription opioids.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of state PDMPs up to 2008 did not show a significant impact on per-capita opioids dispensed. To control the diversion and abuse of prescription drugs, state PDMPs may need to improve their usability, implement requirements for committee oversight of the PDMP, and increase data sharing with neighboring states. PMID: 24587548 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessment of state- and territorial-level preparedness capacity for serving deaf and hard-of-hearing populations in disasters.
CONCLUSION: This study provides new knowledge that can help emergency agencies improve their preparedness training, planning, and capacity to serve Deaf/HH populations in emergencies. PMID: 24587549 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Rates of substance use of American Indian students in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades living on or near reservations: update, 2009-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrate that adolescent substance use is still a major problem among reservation-based AI adolescent students, especially 8th graders, where prevalence rates were sometimes dramatically higher than MTF rates. Given the high rates of substance use-related problems on reservations, such as academic failure, delinquency, violent criminal behavior, suicidality, and alcohol-related mortality, the costs to members of this population and to society will continue to be much too high until a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of substance use are established. PMID: 245875...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

High risk for HIV following syphilis diagnosis among men in Florida, 2000-2011.
CONCLUSION: Men who acquire syphilis are at very high risk of HIV infection. PMID: 24587551 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Timely HIV diagnosis and HIV/TB comanagement among California patients in 2008.
CONCLUSIONS: Although most HIV/TB patients received the recommended treatment, half had new HIV diagnoses. Compared with patients who had previous HIV diagnoses, patients with new HIV diagnoses had greater immunosuppression at TB diagnosis. A new diagnosis indicates that HIV could have been diagnosed earlier and ART or treatment for latent TB infection could have been initiated to prevent TB development. PMID: 24587552 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hospitalization rates of people living with HIV in the United States, 2009.
Authors: Bachhuber MA, Southern WN Abstract OBJECTIVES: We determined hospitalization rates and disparities among people with HIV, which may have been underestimated in previous studies, as only those in medical care were included. METHODS: We estimated the hospitalization rate of people with diagnosed HIV infection in the U.S. in 2009 using two nationally representative datasets. We took the number of hospitalizations from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and searched each discharge for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for HIV infection and opportunistic infections (OIs). We divide...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Hepatitis C seroprevalence among prison inmates since 2001: still high but declining.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide an important updated estimate of hepatitis C seroprevalence and suggest that correctional populations bear a declining but still sizable share of the epidemic. Correctional facilities remain important sites for hepatitis C case finding and therapy implementation. These results may also assist future studies in projecting the societal costs and benefits of providing new treatment options in prison systems. PMID: 24587554 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Incorporating global health competencies into the public health curriculum.
Authors: Winskell K, Evans D, Stephenson R, Del Rio C, Curran JW PMID: 24587558 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Demographic disparities in the tobacco retail environment in Boston: a citywide spatial analysis.
Authors: Duncan DT, Kawachi I, Melly SJ, Blossom J, Sorensen G, Williams DR PMID: 24587559 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A message from the editor.
Authors: Bigley MB PMID: 24790249 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Surgeon general's perspectives.
Authors: Lushniak BD PMID: 24790250 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The need for a comprehensive public health approach to preventing child sexual abuse.
Authors: Letourneau EJ, Eaton WW, Bass J, Berlin FS, Moore SG PMID: 24790251 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Patenting genes: what does Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics mean for genetic testing and research?
Authors: Cartwright-Smith L PMID: 24790252 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Administration time between seasonal live-attenuated influenza vaccine and trivalent influenza vaccine during the "Stop Flu at School" Campaign--Hawaii, 2009.
Administration time between seasonal live-attenuated influenza vaccine and trivalent influenza vaccine during the "Stop Flu at School" Campaign--Hawaii, 2009. Public Health Rep. 2014 May;129(3):229-36 Authors: Sreenivasan MV, He HH, Park SY Abstract OBJECTIVES: We determined whether the administration time differed between seasonal intranasal live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) and seasonal injectable trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) during Hawaii's 2009 school-located influenza vaccination clinics. This information is useful for public health response and allows further inv...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Accuracy of parental reports of children's HPV vaccine status: implications for estimates of disparities, 2009-2010.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that, while estimates of overall coverage based on parental report may be unbiased, the differences in the accuracy of parental report could result in misleading estimates of disparities in HPV vaccine coverage. PMID: 24791021 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Protecting newborns by immunizing family members in a hospital-based vaccine clinic: a successful Tdap cocooning program during the 2010 California pertussis epidemic.
CONCLUSION: A cocooning strategy can be successfully implemented, such that the majority of newborns leave the hospital with their families fully immunized against pertussis. PMID: 24791022 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Disparities in current cigarette smoking prevalence by type of disability, 2009-2011.
Authors: Courtney-Long E, Stevens A, Caraballo R, Ramon I, Armour BS Abstract OBJECTIVES: Smoking, the leading cause of disease and death in the United States, has been linked to a number of health conditions including cancer and cardiovascular disease. While people with a disability have been shown to be more likely to report smoking, little is known about the prevalence of smoking by type of disability, particularly for adults younger than 50 years of age. METHODS: We used data from the 2009-2011 National Health Interview Survey to estimate the prevalence of smoking by type of disability and to examine the as...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Completeness and timeliness of electronic vs. conventional laboratory reporting for communicable disease surveillance--Oklahoma, 2011.
CONCLUSIONS: Although early in the transition to ELR compliance in Oklahoma, ELR has already yielded improved timeliness for communicable disease surveillance. However, ELR did not yield more complete reports than conventional reporting. Requiring specific demographic data fields for ELR reports can improve the completeness of ELR. PMID: 24791024 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Persistent racial/ethnic disparities in AIDS diagnosis rates among people who inject drugs in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1993-2007.
CONCLUSIONS: AIDS diagnosis rates continue to be substantially higher for black/African American and Hispanic/Latino PWID than for white PWID in most large MSAs. This finding suggests a need for increased targeting of prevention and treatment programs, as well as research on MSA-level conditions that may serve to maintain the disparities. PMID: 24791025 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Colorectal cancer screening among American Indians in a Pacific Northwest tribe: Cowlitz Tribal BRFSS Project, 2009-2010.
CONCLUSION: Data from the Cowlitz Tribal BRFSS demonstrate that members are receiving CRC screening in the same proportions as NHW people despite lower sociodemographic and health status indicators among members. Unique characteristics of the tribe likely contribute to this finding. PMID: 24791026 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Assessing the contributions of an academic health department for a school of public health in New York State.
Authors: Eidson M, Pradhan E, Morse D PMID: 24791027 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Improving processes of care for overweight and obese children: evidence from the 215-GO! program in Philadelphia health centers.
Authors: Walker DM, Robbins JM, Brown D, Berhane Z PMID: 24791028 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A message from the editor.
Authors: Thompson BL PMID: 24982527 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Antibiotic resistance: a public health crisis.
Authors: Lushniak BD PMID: 24982528 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Relative burden of distracted driving fatalities by characteristic.
Authors: Griswold JB, Grembek O PMID: 24982529 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Stimpson and Wilson respond.
Authors: Stimpson JP, Wilson FA PMID: 24982530 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Improving outcomes along the HIV care continuum: paying careful attention to the non-biologic determinants of health.
Authors: Valdiserri RO PMID: 24982533 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Effect of rapid influenza diagnostic testing on antiviral treatment decisions for patients with influenza-like illness: southwestern U.S., May-December 2009.
Authors: Suryaprasad A, Redd JT, Ricks PM, Podewils LJ, Brett M, Oski J, Minenna W, Armao F, Vize BJ, Cheek JE Abstract Rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) had low test sensitivity for detecting 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1pdm09) infection, causing public health authorities to recommend that treatment decisions be based primarily upon risk for influenza complications. We used multivariate Poisson regression analysis to estimate the contribution of RIDT results and risk for H1N1pdm09 complications to receipt of early antiviral (AV) treatment among 290 people with influenza-like illness (ILI) who received an ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Rapid HIV testing at gay pride events to reach previously untested MSM: U.S., 2009-2010.
Authors: Mdodo R, Thomas PE, Walker A, Chavez P, Ethridge S, Oraka E, Sutton MY Abstract We offered rapid HIV testing at social events frequented by young men who have sex with men (MSM), a group disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. We tested 1,312 MSM; of those MSM, 1,072 (81.7%) reported HIV testing history. Of those reporting HIV testing history, 550 (51.3%) were non-Hispanic black and 404 (37.7%) were aged
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The status of the National HIV Surveillance System, United States, 2013.
Authors: Cohen SM, Gray KM, Ocfemia MC, Johnson AS, Hall HI Abstract The burden of HIV disease in the United States is monitored by using a comprehensive surveillance system. Data from this system are used at the federal, state, and local levels to plan, implement, and evaluate public health policies and programs. Implementation of HIV reporting has differed by area, and for the first time in early 2013, estimated data on diagnosed HIV infection were available from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and six U.S. dependent areas. The newly available data for the entire U.S. as well as several other key changes...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Fatal crashes from drivers testing positive for drugs in the U.S., 1993-2010.
CONCLUSIONS: The profile of a drugged driver has changed substantially over time. An increasing share of these drivers is now testing positive for prescription drugs, cannabis, and multiple drugs. These findings have implications for developing interventions to address the changing nature of drug use among drivers in the U.S. PMID: 24982537 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Understanding the burden of tuberculosis among American Indians/Alaska Natives in the U.S.: a validation study.
CONCLUSIONS: ICD-9-CM codes for active TB disease in the IHS NPIRS do not accurately reflect the burden of TB among AI/ANs. Most confirmed active TB cases in the IHS health system were reported to the state; the national TB surveillance system may accurately represent the burden of TB in the AI/AN population. PMID: 24982538 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

What predicts dissemination efforts among public health researchers in the United States?
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the need for structural changes to the system, including funding agency priorities and participation of researchers in practice- and policy-based experiences, which may enhance efforts to disseminate by researchers. PMID: 24982539 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How the Affordable Care Act affects inmates.
Authors: Espinosa JF, Regenstein M PMID: 24982541 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Integrating competencies and learning outcomes in core courses for the MPH.
Authors: Hooper L, Begg MD, Sullivan LM PMID: 24982543 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Effective practices for teaching the biostatistics core course for the MPH using a competency-based approach.
Authors: Sullivan LM, Hooper L, Begg MD PMID: 24982544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

HHS--supporting global immunization through policies, programs, and partnerships.
Authors: Daulaire N PMID: 25100883 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Global immunization through the lens of development.
Authors: Shen AK, Clay R, Pablos-Mendez A PMID: 25100884 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The contribution of immunization: saving millions of lives, and more.
Authors: Chan M PMID: 25100885 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Global health and U.S. health--inextricably linked.
Authors: Elias C, Mundel T PMID: 25100886 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Enhancing the work of the Department of Health and Human Services national vaccine program in global immunization: recommendations of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on September 12, 2013.
Authors: PMID: 25100887 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research