Opportunity Youth: Insights and Opportunities for a Public Health Approach to Reengage Disconnected Teenagers and Young Adults.
Authors: Mendelson T, Mmari K, Blum RW, Catalano RF, Brindis CD Abstract Approximately 1 in 9 teenagers and young adults aged 16-24 in the United States is currently disconnected from school and employment. These disconnected young people (ie, opportunity youth) are not only at high risk for long-term emotional, behavioral, and health problems, but they also represent a loss of human capital, with high social and economic costs. In this article, we offer a public health perspective on opportunity youth by describing their distribution in the population and consequences of their disconnection; proposing a conceptual...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Progress on Major Public Health Challenges: The Importance of Equity.
Authors: Cooper LA, Purnell TS, Showell NN, Ibe CA, Crews DC, Gaskin DJ, Foti K, Thornton RLJ PMID: 30426874 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Building Healthy Community Environments: A Public Health Approach.
This article provides a guide for community leaders to consider the public health effects of decisions about the built environment. We present a conceptual framework that represents a shift from compartmentalized solutions toward an inclusive systems approach that encourages partnership across disciplines and sectors. We discuss practical tools to assist with environmental decision making, such as Health Impact Assessments, environmental public health tracking, and cumulative risk assessment. We also identify priorities in research, practice, and education to advance the role of public health in decision making to improve ...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Importance of Policy Change for Addressing Public Health Problems.
Authors: Pollack Porter KM, Rutkow L, McGinty EE PMID: 30426876 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Bloomberg American Health Initiative.
Authors: MacKenzie EJ, Klag MJ, Sommer A PMID: 30426877 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

An Integrated Public Health Approach to Interpersonal Violence and Suicide Prevention and Response.
Authors: Decker MR, Wilcox HC, Holliday CN, Webster DW Abstract Violence is a leading source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. In this article, we suggest a public health framework for preventing community violence, intimate partner violence and sexual violence, and suicide as key forms of interpersonal and self-directed violence. These types of violence often co-occur and share common risk and protective factors. The gender, racial/ethnic, and age-related disparities in violence risk can be understood through an intersectionality framework that considers the multiple simultaneous identities of peopl...
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The New Harvard Doctor of Public Health: Lessons From the Design and Implementation of an Innovative Program in Advanced Professional Leadership.
Authors: Berman P, Frenk J Abstract We documented lessons learned in the initial design and development of the new Harvard doctor of public health (DrPH) degree, an innovative professional public health doctorate designed to provide advanced education in the field of public health. Using data from program documents, personal participation in the development and administration of the degree, and initial students' results, we present key learnings from this experience and describe the program's goals and processes. Now entering its fifth year, the new Harvard DrPH program has enrolled about 70 students and graduated ...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Disease Intervention Specialist Education for the Future: An Analysis of Public Health Curricula.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that an accredited public health academic program, grounded in CEPH competencies, could address multiple components of DIS educational preparation. Similar analyses should be conducted at other CEPH-accredited schools and programs of public health to account for variations in curriculum. PMID: 30304646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Linking Opioid-Overdose Data to Human Services and Criminal Justice Data: Opportunities for Intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Merging data on overdose mortality with data on use of public human services can be a useful strategy to identify trends in, and factors contributing to, the opioid epidemic; to target interventions; and to stimulate collaboration to address the epidemic. PMID: 30300555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Taking Opportunity Costs Seriously in Public Health Law.
Authors: Burris S PMID: 30300556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Problematic Role of Public Health in Washington, DC's, Urban Renewal.
Authors: Swope C PMID: 30300558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among US Adolescents, 2010-2016.
Authors: Webb NS, Dowd-Arrow B, Taylor MG, Burdette AM Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although research suggests racial/ethnic disparities in influenza vaccination and mortality rates, few studies have examined racial/ethnic trends among US adolescents. We used national cross-sectional data to determine (1) trends in influenza vaccination rates among non-Hispanic white (hereinafter, white), non-Hispanic black (hereinafter, black), and Hispanic adolescents over time and (2) whether influenza vaccination rates among adolescents varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS: We analyzed provider-reported vaccination histories for 2010-2...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Can There Be Acceptable Prison Health Care? Looking Back on the 1970s.
Authors: Reverby SM PMID: 30300566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

An Academic-Practice Partnership at the University of Washington School of Public Health: The Student Epidemic Action Leaders (SEAL) Team.
Authors: Simckes M, Melius B, Hawkins V, Lindquist S, Baseman J Abstract In 2015, the University of Washington School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology established the Student Epidemic Action Leaders (SEAL) team to provide public health students with experience in field epidemiology in state and local public health communicable disease divisions. The University of Washington Department of Epidemiology developed the SEAL team in collaboration with the Washington State Department of Health to offer public health graduate students opportunities to contribute to the real-time needs of public health agencies ...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Blight Abatement of Vacant Land and Crime in New Orleans.
Authors: Kondo MC, Morrison C, Jacoby SF, Elliott L, Poche A, Theall KP, Branas CC Abstract OBJECTIVES: In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused damage in New Orleans, Louisiana, and much of the land in low-resource neighborhoods became vacant and blighted. In 2014, New Orleans launched a program, Fight the Blight, which remediated properties in 6 neighborhoods. Our objective was to examine changes in crime rates near lots that were remediated (ie, debris removed and vegetation mowed). METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental design to test whether crime rates changed from preremediation (January 2013-October 2014) to po...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

A Commentary on Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy: The Story Behind the Trends.
Authors: Kirby RS PMID: 30278150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - October 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Striving to Meet Healthy People 2020 Objectives: Trend Analysis of Maternal Smoking.
We examined trends in prevalence rates of smoking and smoking cessation during pregnancy among women in the United States to assess achievement of Healthy People 2020 prevention targets. METHODS: We assessed the smoking habits of 30 667 mothers whose children were born between 1985 and 2014 and who were sampled by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2014. Sampled participants were children aged 0-15 at the time of interview; however, an adult proxy-usually the biological mother-responded on the child's behalf and reported information about maternal tobacco use during pregnancy. We calculat...
Source: Public Health Reports - October 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Reconsidering the Number of Women With HIV Infection Who Give Birth Annually in the United States.
CONCLUSION: The current annual number of women with HIV infection delivering infants in the United States is about 5000, which is substantially lower than the 2006 estimate. More accurate estimates would require comprehensive reporting of perinatal HIV exposure. PMID: 30265616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

From Industrial Toxins to Worldwide Pollutants: A Brief History of Polychlorinated Biphenyls.
Authors: Markowitz G PMID: 30265822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Immigrants' Use of eHealth Services in the United States, National Health Interview Survey, 2011-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Targeted interventions that reduce socioeconomic barriers in accessing technology and promote multilingual electronic portals could help mitigate disparities in use of eHealth services. PMID: 30223716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Public Health, Racism, and the Lasting Impact of Hospital Segregation.
Authors: Largent EA PMID: 30223719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors Associated With Engagement in Diabetes Self-management Education Among People With Diabetes in the United States.
We examined sociodemographic, patient, and behavioral characteristics associated with DSME in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 84 179 adults who self-identified receiving a diagnosis of diabetes. We constructed weighted, multivariate logistic regression models to examine the associations between DSME and sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, and annual household income), patient characteristics (body mass index, having a regular provider, health insurance status, health ...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Disability Rating and 1-Year Mortality Among Veterans With Service-Connected Health Conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: The combined disability rating is an important determinant of short-term survival among veterans with service-connected health conditions. Veterans with a 100% disability rating comprise a highly select group with increased short-term risk of death due at least in part to their military service. Future studies assessing the relationships among combat exposure, age, duration of disability, disability ratings, and survival would be valuable. PMID: 30223760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Trends in the Conferral of Graduate Public Health Degrees: A Triangulated Approach.
Authors: Leider JP, Plepys CM, Castrucci BC, Burke EM, Blakely CH PMID: 30227771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Occupational and Take-home Lead Exposure Among Lead Oxide Manufacturing Employees, North Carolina, 2016.
Authors: Rinsky JL, Higgins S, Angelon-Gaetz K, Hogan D, Lauffer P, Davies M, Fleischauer A, Musolin K, Gibbins J, MacFarquhar J, Moore Z Abstract OBJECTIVE: In 2016, North Carolina blood lead level (BLL) surveillance activities identified elevated BLLs among 3 children exposed to take-home lead by household members employed at a lead oxide manufacturing facility. We characterized BLLs among employees and associated children and identified risk factors for occupational and take-home lead exposure. METHODS: We reviewed BLL surveillance data for 2012-2016 to identify facility employees and associated children. We...
Source: Public Health Reports - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Quadrivalent Meningococcal Vaccine Uptake Among Men Who Have Sex With Men During a Meningococcal Outbreak in Los Angeles County, California, 2016-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reflect low uptake of the recommended MenACWY vaccine among MSM after a local outbreak, despite public health efforts. In addition to ongoing, widespread campaigns to inform MSM about local outbreaks and vaccination recommendations, MSM may be responsive to direct outreach from peers who have been vaccinated. PMID: 30188807 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Pneumonia-Associated Hospitalizations, New York City, 2001-2014.
CONCLUSION: Sociodemographic factors and immune status appear to play a role in the epidemiology of pneumonia-associated hospitalizations in New York City. Further study of pneumonia-associated hospitalizations in at-risk populations may lead to targeted interventions. PMID: 30188808 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - September 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Health Information Blocking: Responses Under the 21st Century Cures Act.
Authors: Black JR, Hulkower RL, Ramanathan T PMID: 30134128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Strengthening the Effectiveness of National, State, and Local Efforts to Improve HPV Vaccination Coverage in the United States: Recommendations From the National Vaccine Advisory Committee.
Authors: Approved by the National Vaccine Advisory Committee on June 25, 2018 Abstract In February 2018, recognizing the suboptimal rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States, the assistant secretary for health of the US Department of Health and Human Services charged the National Vaccine Advisory Committee (NVAC) with providing recommendations on how to strengthen the effectiveness of national, state, and local efforts to improve HPV vaccination coverage rates. In the same month, the NVAC established the HPV Vaccination Implementation Working Group and assigned it to develop these recomme...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Public Health Implications of Housing Laws: Nuisance Evictions.
Authors: Moran-McCabe K, Gutman A, Burris S PMID: 30096016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Consistency of State Statutes and Regulations With Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2006 Perinatal HIV Testing Recommendations.
Authors: Valentine SS, Poulin A PMID: 30096022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Perinatal HIV Service Coordination: Closing Gaps in the HIV Care Continuum for Pregnant Women and Eliminating Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States.
Authors: Andrews MM, Storm DS, Burr CK, Aaron E, Hoyt MJ, Statton A, Weber S Abstract Eliminating perinatal transmission of HIV and improving the care of childbearing women living with HIV in the United States require public health and clinical leadership. The Comprehensive Care Workgroup of the Elimination of Perinatal HIV Transmission Stakeholders Group, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, developed a concept of perinatal HIV service coordination (PHSC) and identified 6 core functions through (1) semistructured exploratory interviews with contacts in 11 state or city health departments fr...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Mortality, Ethnicity, and Urbanization Among Children Aged 1-4 Years on the US-Mexico Border.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased risk for injury and disease in noncore nonmetropolitan counties might be related to poverty, reduced access to care, or poorer quality of care. Future research should identify the remediable risk factors in such communities as the next step in preventing deaths among children aged 1-4 years. PMID: 30096027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Landscape of US Undergraduate Public Health Education.
Authors: Resnick B, Leider JP, Riegelman R PMID: 30084738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Development of Indicators for Public Health Surveillance of Substance Use and Mental Health.
This report briefly describes the indicators and outlines the process used to develop them. PMID: 30075094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NHCS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 30067447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Biological Risk and Infection Profiles of Young Adult Male Mexican American Gang Members.
The objectives of this study were to (1) measure biological indicators of cardiovascular and metabolic risk, as well as prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), in a sample of Mexican American men aged 25-40 who were affiliated with gangs as adolescents and (2) compare those indicators with a comparable national sample of Latino men. METHODS: Using bivariate analyses, we compared blood pressure, body mass index, 4 metabolic and cardiovascular indicators, and 4 infections for 179 Mexican American formerly gang-affiliated men in San Antonio, Texas, and 155 Mexican American men from the National Health and Nu...
Source: Public Health Reports - August 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Incidence, Distribution, and Cost of Lawn-Mower Injuries in the United States, 2006-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Lawn-mower injuries occurred at a constant rate during the study period. Changes to nationwide industry safety standards are needed to reduce the frequency and severity of these preventable injuries. PMID: 30067452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - August 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Writing for Public Health: Strategies for Teaching Writing in a School or Program of Public Health.
Authors: Mackenzie SLC PMID: 30011382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Sensitivity and Positive Predictive Value of Death Certificate Data Among Deaths Caused by Legionnaires' Disease in New York City, 2008-2013.
Authors: Tran OC, Lucero DE, Balter S, Fitzhenry R, Huynh M, Varma JK, Vora NM Abstract OBJECTIVES: Death certificates are an important source of information for understanding life expectancy and mortality trends; however, misclassification and incompleteness are common. Although deaths caused by Legionnaires' disease might be identified through routine surveillance, it is unclear whether Legionnaires' disease is accurately recorded on death certificates. We evaluated the sensitivity and positive predictive value of death certificates for identifying deaths from confirmed or suspected Legionnaires' disease among ad...
Source: Public Health Reports - July 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Limits and Potential Future Applications of Personalized Medicine to Prevent Complex Chronic Disease.
Authors: Bergquist SH, Lobelo F PMID: 29969575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - July 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

The Effect of Incomplete Death Certificates on Estimates of Unintentional Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: States may be greatly underestimating the effect of opioid-related overdose deaths because of incomplete cause-of-death reporting, indicating that the current opioid overdose epidemic may be worse than it appears. PMID: 29945473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Celebrating 140 Years of Public Health Reports.
Authors: Shaw FE, Kuzmichev A, Rosner D PMID: 29927697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29928835 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Acknowledgment of Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 29928836 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29928837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

NCHS Dataline.
Authors: Smith SS PMID: 29928840 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Do Death Certificates Underestimate the Burden of Rare Diseases? The Example of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Mortality, Sweden, 2001-2013.
The objective of this study was to determine the completeness of reporting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as a cause of death. METHODS: In 2017, we linked data on a Swedish population-based cohort (the Swedish Lupus Linkage, 2001-2013) comprising people with SLE (n = 8560) and their matched general population comparators (n = 37 717) to data from the Cause of Death Register. We reviewed death records of deceased people from the cohort (n = 5110) and extracted data on patient demographic characteristics and causes of death. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for not reporting SL...
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

CDC's Program Evaluation Journey: 1999 to Present.
Authors: Kidder DP, Chapel TJ PMID: 29928844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection Among HIV-Infected Medicaid Enrollees.
CONCLUSION: Screening for latent TB infection among fee-for-service Medicaid beneficiaries with HIV was suboptimal, despite the presence of demographic, social, or clinical characteristics that should have increased the likelihood of screening. The lack of certain data in Medicaid may have resulted in an underestimation of screening. PMID: 29928845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - June 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research