All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Reactivity as a Moderator in the Association Between Daily Life Psychosocial Stress and Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

Prospective Relations Between Prenatal Maternal Cortisol and Child Health Outcomes
Conclusions This study provides longitudinal evidence that greater maternal cortisol reactivity to a salient interpersonal stressor during pregnancy is associated with fewer child health problems and better maternal report of overall child health during infancy and into early childhood. Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT01901536. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Associations Between Objective Sleep and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in a Community Sample
Objective Epidemiologic data increasingly support sleep as a determinant of cardiovascular disease risk. Fewer studies have investigated the mechanisms underlying this relationship using objective sleep assessment approaches. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine associations between daily blood pressure (BP) and both objectively assessed sleep duration and efficiency. Methods A diverse community sample of 300 men and women aged 21 to 70 years, enrolled in the North Texas Heart Study, participated in the study. Actigraphy-assessed sleep was monitored for two consecutive nights with ambulatory BP sampled rand...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Job Stress and Heart Rate Variability: Findings From the ELSA-Brasil Cohort
Conclusions Job control was associated with HRV in a large cohort of civil servants. Nevertheless, it is important to emphasize that only the LF index remained associated with low job control. Further studies are needed to develop a greater understanding of the relationship of psychosocial aspects and autonomic balance. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Neural Processing of Food and Erotic Cues in Bulimia Nervosa
Objective Event-related brain potential (ERP) studies have shown that bulimia nervosa (BN) is associated with facilitated processing of disorder-specific stimuli, visible in altered early components during presentation of food cues and bodies varying in size. Less is known about BN and late ERPs, typically less influenced by perceptual features and regarded as more reliable indices of motivational relevance. The purpose of this study was to use the late positive potential (LPP) to investigate the motivational significance of BN-relevant stimuli. Methods Highly salient stimuli, such as pictures of personal binge foods ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Loneliness, Living Alone, and All-Cause Mortality: The Role of Emotional and Social Loneliness in the Elderly During 19 Years of Follow-Up
Conclusions Emotional loneliness is associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in older adults who live alone. Functional status was identified as one potential pathway accounting for the adverse consequences of loneliness. Emotional loneliness that can arise out of the loss or absence of a close emotional attachment figure seems to be the toxic component of loneliness. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Predictive Value of Depression in the Years After Heart Transplantation for Mortality During Long-Term Follow-Up
Conclusions Depression measured by self-report after HTx is associated with increased mortality during extended follow-up. Clinical utility and predictive validity of specific depression components require further study. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Moderators of Response to Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Major Depression in Patients With Heart Failure
Conclusions These findings suggest that increasing the cross-daily stability of activity patterns, and prolonging the daily active period, might help increase the efficacy of CBT. Given moderating effects of HF severity measures, research is also needed to clarify and address factors in patients with less severe HF that diminish the efficacy of CBT. Clinical Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01028625 (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Blended Collaborative Care to Treat Heart Failure and Comorbid Depression: Rationale and Study Design of the Hopeful Heart Trial
Objective Despite numerous improvements in care, morbidity from heart failure (HF) has remained essentially unchanged in recent years. One potential reason is that depression, which is comorbid in approximately 40% of hospitalized HF patients and associated with adverse HF outcomes, often goes unrecognized and untreated. The Hopeful Heart Trial is the first study to evaluate whether a widely generalizable telephone-delivered collaborative care program for treating depression in HF patients improves clinical outcomes. Methods The Hopeful Heart Trial aimed to enroll 750 patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (e...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor With Cognitive Function: An Investigation of Sex Differences in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Objective Although a reduction in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated as a cause of cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the role of sex in moderating this effect has not been explored. Methods We compared the difference in serum BDNF and performance on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) between 96 men and 134 women with T2DM. We compared this with the difference in serum BDNF and performance in the control group (104 men, 144 women). Results Patients with T2DM performed worse on most RBANS indices (η2 = 0.372, all p (Sourc...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for July–August 2019 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 81, Issue 6
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Hopelessness and Other Depressive Symptoms in Adults 70 Years and Older as Predictors of All-Cause Mortality Within 3 Months After Acute Hospitalization: The Hospital-ADL Study
Conclusions Symptoms of apathy were most frequently reported in response to acute hospitalization. However, feelings of hopelessness about their situation were the strongest cognitive-affective predictor of mortality. These results imply that this item is important in identifying patients who are in the last phase of their lives and for whom palliative care may be important. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Trajectory and Perceived Stress in Relation to Birth Outcomes in Healthy Pregnant Adolescents
Objective An early decline in resting blood pressure (BP), followed by an upward climb, is well documented and indicative of a healthy pregnancy course. Although BP is considered both an effector of stress and a clinically meaningful measurement in pregnancy, little is known about its trajectory in association with birth outcomes compared with other stress effectors. The current prospective longitudinal study examined BP trajectory and perceived stress in association with birth outcomes (gestational age (GA) at birth and birth weight (BW) percentile corrected for GA) in pregnant adolescents, a group at risk for stress-as...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety as Related to Gestational Age at Birth: Findings From the All Our Families Study
Objective The aim of the study was to investigate whether symptoms of depression or state anxiety changed the strength or nature of the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational age at birth. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the All Our Families Cohort, a prospective pregnancy cohort study based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Self-reported depressive symptoms and state anxiety were assessed between 3 and 5 months of gestation, and obstetrical information, including diagnosis of HDP, parity, type of delivery, and gestational age at birth, was retrieved from the ma...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Consequences of Foster Care Versus Institutional Care in Early Childhood on Adolescent Cardiometabolic and Immune Markers: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions The impact of institutional rearing on measures of cardiometabolic health and immune system functioning is either absent or not evident until later in development. These findings provide new insights into the biological embedding of adversity and how it varies developmentally and across regulatory systems and adversity type. Clinical Trial Registration NCT00747396 (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Relationship Between Different Experimental Measures of Distorted Symptom Perception in Functional Syndrome Patients
Conclusions Biased symptom reporting in one paradigm is unrelated to biased symptom reporting in the other paradigm, indicating that distortions in symptom perception in patients with functional somatic syndromes are not a trait-like, cross-situationally stable condition, but a versatile dysfunction that is context dependent. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Resting-State Functional Connectivity Between Centromedial Amygdala and Insula as Related to Somatic Symptoms in Depressed Patients: A Preliminary Study
Conclusions Functional connectivity between the CMA and insula is reduced in depressive patients, which is associated with the severity of somatic symptoms. Our findings may provide a potential neural substrate to interpret the co-occurrence of depression with somatic symptoms. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of the Association Between Bereavement and Biomarkers of Immune Function
Conclusions Research examining the association between bereavement and biomarkers of immune function is heterogeneous in methods and quality. Despite these limitations, there is evidence supporting maladaptive changes in immune function after bereavement. The research area would benefit from longitudinal research with larger sample sizes, advanced immunological methods, and incorporating measures of psychological responses to bereavement. The field is poised to refine and scale up its investigation of this common and important phenomenon. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW/META-ANALYSIS Source Type: research

Between the Error Bars: How Modern Theory, Design, and Methodology Enrich the Personality-Health Tradition
The study of relationships between personality traits and health has a long history in psychosomatic research. However, personality science has evolved from an understanding of personality as fixed traits to one that acknowledges that personality is dynamic. Dynamic approaches to conceptualizing and measuring personality and individual differences can enrich personality-health research. In this Presidential Address (American Psychosomatic Society, 2018), I consider how different formulations of personality—stable traits, stable signals in a noisy or variable measure, within-person changes, and intraindividual variabi...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Illness Anxiety Disorder: Psychopathology, Epidemiology, Clinical Characteristics, and Treatment
Illness anxiety disorder is a primary disorder of anxiety about having or developing a serious illness. The core feature is the cycle of worry and reassurance seeking regarding health, as opposed to a focus on relief of distress caused by somatic symptoms (as in Somatic Symptom Disorder). Clinically significant health anxiety is common, with estimates ranging up to 13% in the general adult population. There are evidence-based treatments, including psychopharmacology and cognitive behavioral therapy, that can significantly alleviate symptoms. An understanding of the core psychopathology and clinical features of illness anxi...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: CLINICAL APPLICATIONS Source Type: research

Article Summaries for June 2019 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 81, Issue 5
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Abstracts of the 77th Annual Scientific Meeting, March 6–9, 2019. Vancouver, BC, Canada
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: MEETING ABSTRACTS: PDF Only Source Type: research

Exploratory Investigation of a Brief Cognitive Behavioral Intervention and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Odor Sensitivity
Conclusions Given the connection between anxiety and MCS, results suggest that CBT techniques for somatic processes may show promise in treating conditions characterized by increased sensitivity to odors (e.g., MCS). (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Brain Electrical Activity Associated With Visual Attention and Reactive Motor Inhibition in Patients With Fibromyalgia
Conclusions N2, P3, theta power, and behavioral results indicate that the mechanisms of motor inhibition are sufficiently preserved to enable correct performance of the stop-signal task in patients with FM. Nevertheless, the lower modulation of alpha suggests greater difficulty in mobilizing and maintaining visual attentional resources, a result that may explain the cognitive dysfunction observed in FM. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Evaluating Longitudinal Associations Between Depressive Symptoms, Smoking, and Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Disease in the CARDIA Study
Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate associations between 15-year trajectories of co-occurring depressive symptoms and smoking with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease at year 15. Methods In the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, we modeled trajectories of depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale [CES-D]) and smoking (cigarettes per day [CPD]) among 3614 adults followed from year 0 (ages 18–30 years) through year 15 (ages 33–45 years). Biomarkers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein), oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase, F2-is...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Relation of Psychosocial Distress With Myocardial Perfusion and Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia
Conclusions Among patients with CAD, a higher level of psychosocial distress is not associated with mental stress ischemia, but it is associated with more resting (fixed) perfusion abnormalities in women only, as well as with blunted hemodynamic response to mental stress in both men and women. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Platelet Serotonin Signaling in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease and Comorbid Depression
Conclusions Depressed cardiovascular patients had higher serotonin receptor density and significantly higher incidence of major and minor cardiac adverse events. Future studies with larger sample sizes including patients with more severe depression are needed to expand on the present hypothesis-generating findings. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Prospective Associations of Adolescent Conscientiousness With Psychological Resources and Metabolic Syndrome in Black and White Men
Conclusions Adolescent conscientiousness was beneficial for adult psychological resources, regardless of race or SES. However, there may be physiological costs of conscientiousness for black men from disadvantaged backgrounds. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Unravelling the Prospective Associations Between Mixed Anxiety-Depression and Insomnia During the Course of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Objective Previous studies have suggested that there is a reciprocal relationship between anxiety/depression and insomnia. However, little is known about the prospective relationships between these constructs across the course of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The aim of the study was to examine these relationships in clients who received short-term CBT in a primary care setting. Methods A total of 653 clients (mean [SD] age = 37.8 [12.9], 26.4% men) with mild to moderate levels of anxiety and depression and a treatment duration of at least 7 weeks were included for analyses. The clients completed questionnaires ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Self-Rated Health and Inflammation: A Test of Depression and Sleep Quality as Mediators
Conclusions These results highlight the biological and behavioral mechanisms potentially linking self-rated health to longer-term health outcomes. Such work can inform basic theory in the area as well as intervention approaches that target such pathways. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Prenatal Maternal Depression and Neonatal Immune Responses
Conclusions Maternal depression is associated with offspring immune responses at birth, which may have implications for later life atopic risk or immune function. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for May 2019 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 81, Issue 4
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Brain Functional Connectivity in Patients With Somatic Symptom Disorder
Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate whether individuals with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) display increased resting-state functional connectivity (FC) within and between the sensorimotor network (SMN), default mode network (DMN), salience network, and dorsal attention network (DAN). Methods Eighteen patients with SSD and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. We used a seed-based correlation approach for the four brain networks. Results Patients with SSD had higher scores on the Somato-Sensory Amplification Scale (z = 5.22, p ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Adversity, Social Resources, and Allostatic Load Among Hispanic/Latino Youth: The Study of Latino Youth
Conclusions Statistically significant, but small associations of socioeconomic adversity with both allostatic load and social resources were identified. The small effects may partially reflect range restriction given overall high socioeconomic adversity and high social resources in the cohort. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research