All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

The Effects of Dietary Improvement on Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Authors’ Response
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Editorial Comment on Firth et al. (2019)
This Editorial Comment addresses an article by Firth et al. published in the February issue of 2019. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENT Source Type: research

Hwabyung: A Mental Disorder Related to Suppressed Emotions and Somatic Symptoms Reminiscent of Being on Fire
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Complementing Conceptual Models of Persistent Somatic Symptoms With Mathematical Formalization
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Nationwide Analysis of Changes in Medical Utilization Before and After a New Panic Disorder Diagnosis
Conclusions New PD diagnoses are associated with decreased laboratory examination and nonpsychiatric service utilization, along with increased psychiatric service utilization. We suggest that PD should be detected earlier for mitigating potentially unnecessary use of nonpsychiatric examinations and services. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association Among Glucocorticoid Receptor Sensitivity, Fatigue, and Inflammation in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer
Conclusions Lower increases in GR sensitivity during HNC treatment were significantly predictive of increased fatigue and inflammation markers. Inflammation markers in turn predicted fatigue above and beyond levels of GR sensitivity. Our findings indicate that HNC patients with cancer-related fatigue may exhibit a decreased capacity for glucocorticoids to regulate inflammatory processes, as evidenced by a lower increase in GR sensitivity. Larger studies are necessary to verify the findings. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation in the Association Between Stressors With Psychological and Biological Measures in Adolescence
This study explored the role of emotion regulation (ER) as a moderator in the stressor–adjustment outcome relationship while identifying the relevant stressors. Methods In 214 adolescents (10–18 years; 51.4% boys), stressors (parent and peer relations, negative events), psychological outcomes (adolescent perceived stress, psychopathology symptoms, negative affect), and biological measures related to the stress response (hair cortisol [HC], heart rate variability [HRV]) as well as ER strategies—maladaptive (MalER), adaptive (AdER), and their ratio (Mal/AdER)—were measured and analyzed via linear r...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Childhood Adversity and Pubertal Development Among Puerto Rican Boys and Girls
Conclusions Associations between CA and pubertal development may vary by sex. Understanding the etiological role of adversities on pubertal development and identifying targets for intervention are of utmost importance in ameliorating the impact of CA on child health. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Review of the Association Between Number of Social Roles and Cardiovascular Disease: Graded or Threshold Effect?
Conclusions These results suggest underlying mechanisms linking social roles to different CVD outcomes. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Associations of Total, Cognitive/Affective, and Somatic Depressive Symptoms and Antidepressant Use With Cardiovascular Disease–Relevant Biomarkers in HIV: Veterans Aging Cohort Study
Conclusions Our novel findings suggest that a) monocyte activation and altered coagulation may represent two pathways through which depression increases HIV-CVD risk and that b) tricyclic antidepressants may elevate and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may attenuate HIV-CVD risk by influencing monocyte and inflammatory activation. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Frontostriatal Brain Activation Is Associated With the Longitudinal Progression of Cardiometabolic Risk
Conclusions Frontostriatal brain function may precede and possibly forecast the progression of cardiometabolic risk. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for June 2020 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 82, Issue 5
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Evaluation of Communication Skills Among Physicians: A Systematic Review of Existing Assessment Tools
Conclusions Despite identifying several existing physician communication assessment tools, a high degree of heterogeneity between these tools, in terms of skills assessed and study quality, was observed, and most have been poorly validated. Research is needed to rigorously develop and validate accessible, convenient, “user-friendly,” and easy to administer and score communication assessment tools. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW/META-ANALYSIS Source Type: research

Changes in Emotional Vitality as a Predictor of Levels and Change in Allostatic Load: Longitudinal Results From the Whitehall II Cohort Study
Conclusion This study found that an increase in emotional vitality was associated with subsequent lower levels, but not rate of change, of AL over time. Further research is needed to address the relationship between trajectories of psychological well-being and physiological dysregulation. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Emotional Pathways to the Biological Embodiment of Racial Discrimination Experiences
Conclusions Findings suggest that daily NSE and average negative emotions are important pathways by which racial discrimination gets under the skin, or is embodied, in stress biology. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Personalized eHealth Program for Life-style Change: Results From the “Do Cardiac Health Advanced New Generated Ecosystem (Do CHANGE 2)” Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions The personalized eHealth intervention resulted in significant improvements in life-style. Cardiac patients and health care providers were also willing to engage in this personalized digital behavioral intervention program. Incorporating eHealth life-style programs as part of secondary prevention would be particularly useful when taking into account which patients are most likely to benefit. Trial Registration:https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03178305. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Self-Rated Health and Age-Related Differences in Ambulatory Blood Pressure: The Mediating Role of Behavioral and Affective Factors
Objective Despite the well-established association between self-rated health (SRH) and health, little is known about the potential psychobiological mechanisms responsible for such links and if these associations differ by age. The main goals of this study were to investigate the links between SRH and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), if age moderated the risk, and the health behavior/affective mechanisms responsible for such links. Methods A total of 188 men and women (94 married couples; ages, 18–63 years) completed a standard measure of SRH and a 1-day ABP assessment. Multilevel models were run to examine wheth...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Response to Romantic Partner Interactions and Long-Term Cardiovascular Health Outcomes
Conclusions Momentary diastolic ABP response to partner-specific interactions may function as a mechanism underlying the cardioprotective effect of romantic relationships on long-term BP outcomes. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Marital Status, Close Relationships, and All-Cause Mortality: Results From a 10-Year Study of Nationally Representative Older Adults
Objective Becoming widowed is associated with an increased risk of early mortality. Drawing on theoretical literature related to social support and health, the present study evaluated whether the quantity of close relationships might differentially moderate the relationship between marital status (widowed versus married) and mortality risk 10 years later. Method Data were obtained from the National Social Life Health and Aging Project. A diverse group of older adults (n = 2347) were interviewed three times for 10 years. Information on close friends/family, marital status, and mortality was gathered. Logistic regressio...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Hyperventilation as a Predictor of Blood Donation–Related Vasovagal Symptoms
This study was part of a randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of behavioral techniques on the prevention of vasovagal reactions in blood donors. Data from the no-treatment control group were analyzed. The final sample was composed of 160 college and university students. Observational and self-report measures of symptoms were obtained. Physiological variables were measured mainly using respiratory capnometry. Results Although respiration rate remained stable throughout donation, change in end-tidal carbon dioxide was associated with requiring treatment for a reaction during donation (odds ratio = 0.57, 9...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Somatic Symptoms in Children With a Chronically Ill Family Member
Conclusions The literature on somatic symptoms in children suggests that parental illness is related to increased somatic symptoms in children. Research examining the effects of having a sibling with an illness on somatic symptoms is mixed. Several areas of future research are outlined to further clarify the relationship between familial chronic illness and somatic symptoms. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW/META-ANALYSIS Source Type: research

Effects of Diabetic Ketoacidosis on Executive Function in Children With Type 1 Diabetes: Evidence From Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Performance
This study aimed to determine whether a history of DKA was associated with changes in executive function in children with T1DM. Methods The sample consisted of 99 patients with T1DM with histories of DKA, 82 patients with T1DM without DKA, and 100 healthy controls aged 7 to 18 years. Neuropsychological function and emotion assessments were performed in all participants. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was used to assess executive function. Results Compared with healthy controls, the DKA group (but not the non-DKA group) had a significantly lower mean intelligence quotient (IQ; p = .006, Cohen d = 0.528) and a ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association of Plasma DPP4 Activity and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor With Moderate to Severe Depressive Symptoms in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From a Cross-Sectional Study
The objective of this study was to assess the association of plasma dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) activity, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and the DPP4/BDNF ratio (DBR) with moderate to severe depressive symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Increased DPP4 activity and decreased BDNF in peripheral circulation have been implicated in the pathophysiology of depression. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study using data from 1535 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The main outcome measures were plasma DPP4 activity, BDNF levels, DBR, inflammation markers, and oxidative stress parameters. ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for May 2020 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 82, Issue 4
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads: PDF Only Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover: PDF Only Source Type: research

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Chronic Pain
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Extending Behavioral Medicine to Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Validation of the Chinese Version of the Somatic Symptom Disorder–B Criteria Scale for Detecting DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorders: A Multicenter Study
This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Somatic Symptom Disorder–B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) in an outpatient sample from Chinese general hospitals and to determine the diagnostic performance of the SSD-12 as a screening tool for somatic symptom disorder (SSD). Methods The Chinese version of the SSD-12 was completed by 699 outpatients from nine general hospitals during a 16-month period (2016–2018). The SSD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, Fifth Edition, Research Version, was used to determine diagnostic accuracy (criterion validity). The construct validity of the...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: METHODS AND STATISTICS Source Type: research

The Association of 5α-Reductase Inhibitor With Suicidality
Conclusions 5α-Reductase inhibitor use was not associated with an elevated risk of suicide during a long-term follow-up period. A limitation of this study is that possible drug exposure after the index date was not accounted for. Although 5α-reductase inhibitor may increase the risk of depressive symptoms, the present data indicate that the drug is safe in terms of long-term suicide risk. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Objective Measures of Sleep Apnea and Actigraphy-Based Sleep Characteristics as Correlates of Subjective Sleep Quality in an Epidemiologic Study: The Jackson Heart Sleep Study
Conclusions The weak associations of sleep quality with sleep disorders and objectively measured sleep disturbances are consistent with concepts of “sleep health” as a multidimensional construct. Sleep quality is a patient-centered outcome that provides unique information over objective measurements of sleep disturbances. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Pervasive Discrimination and Allostatic Load in African American and White Adults
This study aimed to examine associations among race, the accumulation of multiple forms of discriminatory experiences (i.e., “pervasive discrimination”), and allostatic load (AL) in African Americans and whites in midlife. Methods Using data collected in 2004 to 2006 from 226 African American and 978 white adults (57% female; mean [SD] age = 54.7 [0.11] years) in the Midlife in the United States II Biomarker Project, a pervasive discrimination score was created by combining three discrimination scales, and an AL score was created based on 24 biomarkers representing seven physiological systems. Linear regress...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Adherence to Life-Style Recommendations and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Population-Based Study of Children Aged 10 to 11 Years
Conclusions Life-style recommendations exist to benefit development and physical health. Their promotion comes at no harm and may have benefits for ADHD. Experimental evidence is needed to clarify the potential bidirectional relationship between ADHD and adverse health behaviors. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Anxiety and Depression Symptom Comorbidity and the Risk of Heart Disease: A Prospective Community-Based Cohort Study
Conclusions The association between anxiety and incident heart disease may be accounted for by comorbid depression, particularly when anxiety and depression symptoms are assessed using self-report questionnaires. Differing methods of assessment and analysis, and adjustment for comorbid depression may explain differences in findings across different studies on anxiety and the risk of heart disease. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Anxiety Disorders in Patients With Somatic Diseases
Conclusions Anxiety disorders are common in patients with somatic diseases, and several effective treatment options exist, including cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacological interventions. We also provide support for the effectiveness of inpatient treatment with unique opportunities for multidisciplinary psychosomatic treatment of anxiety disorders with comorbid somatic diseases. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: CLINICAL APPLICATIONS Source Type: research

Quantifying Cortical Resilience in Experimental, Clinical, and Epidemiological Studies: A Conceptually Grounded Method Using Noninvasive Brain Stimulation
Conclusions The CCaRT paradigm is potentially useful in research and contexts where cortical resilience is to be measured. The CCaRT paradigm has applicability to epidemiological studies and laboratory experimentation as well as diagnostic practice and clinical trial outcome measures. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: METHODS AND STATISTICS Source Type: research

Neural Correlates of Stress and Abdominal Obesity in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Conclusion Increased brain activation in the brain regions involved in the stress response and autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system during psychological stress may underlie stress-induced overeating and abdominal obesity in patients with CAD. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Comparison of Food Cue–Evoked and Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Obesity
Objective Obesity is associated with differences in task-evoked and resting-state functional brain connectivity (FC). However, no studies have compared obesity-related differences in FC evoked by high-calorie food cues from that observed at rest. Such a comparison could improve our understanding of the neural mechanisms of reward valuation and decision making in the context of obesity. Methods The sample included 122 adults (78% female; mean age = 44.43 [8.67] years) with body mass index (BMI) in the overweight or obese range (mean = 31.28 [3.92] kg/m2). Participants completed a functional magnetic resonance imaging s...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Obesity and the Brain: Another Brain-Body Versus Body-Brain Conundrum
Midlife obesity has been associated with poor cognitive functioning in older age, but the bidirectional pathways linking the brain and excessive adipose tissue require further research. In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, two investigations address the brain responses to food-related cues and psychological stressors relevant to obesity. Moazzami and colleagues document the relationship between abdominal obesity and brain responses to stress among patients with coronary artery disease and find that stress-related brain activity plays a potentially important role in the link between psychological distress, food cravings...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENT Source Type: research