All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover Source Type: research

The Effect of Bright Light Therapy on Sleep and Quality of Life in Patients With Poststroke Insomnia
This study was randomized, double blind, and placebo controlled. A 2-week trial was conducted on patients with mild-to-moderate stroke who had poststroke insomnia. Only patients who had experienced a first episode of stroke were enrolled in this study. Sleep parameters were measured using the Actiwatch Spectrum Pro for 7 days before and after light therapy. The instrument specifically collected data concerning sleep, mood state, fatigue, and subjective quality of life. Participants with poststroke insomnia received bright light therapy (10,000 lux) or placebo therapy for 30 minutes in the early morning. A total of 112 elig...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Prospective Associations of Leisure-Time Physical Activity With Psychological Distress and Well-Being: A 12-Year Cohort Study
Conclusions Our findings highlight the role of leisure-time physical activity in psychological distress and well-being, with greater effect sizes associated with higher frequency and intensity of leisure-time physical activity. Future interventions should consider examining potential mediators of the association of leisure-time physical activity with psychological well-being, such as body mass index. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Examination of the Allostatic Load Construct and Its Longitudinal Association With Health Outcomes in the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study
Conclusions AL scores computed with clinical-based cutoffs performed robustly in our sample of mainland Puerto Ricans, whereas z scores did not predict disease and disability. AL-select was the most consistent predictor, supporting its use as a disease-predicting model. Future assessment of AL-select in other populations may help operationalize AL. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association of Bipolar Disorder With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events: A Population-Based Historical Cohort Study
This study aimed to assess the association of bipolar disorder (BD) with risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after adjusting for established cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Methods We conducted a population-based historical cohort study using the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Patients older than 30 years with a clinical encounter from 1998 to 2000 with no prior MACE, atrial fibrillation, or heart failure were followed up through March 1, 2016. BD diagnosis was validated by chart review. Cox proportional hazards regression models were adjusted for established CVD risk factors, alcohol use disord...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Psychobiological Mechanisms in Somatic Symptom Disorder and Depressive Disorders: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Approach
We examined the associations between NPF and somatic symptoms in the daily life of women with SSD or DD and investigated the mediating role of psychobiological stress responses. Methods Twenty-nine women with SSD and 29 women with DD participated in an ecological momentary assessment study. For 14 days, intensity of and impairment by somatic symptoms, NPF, and stress-related biological measures (cortisol, alpha-amylase) were assessed five times per day using an electronic device and saliva samples. Multilevel models were conducted. Results The greater the number of NPF, the higher the concurrent and time-lagg...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Network Analysis of Persistent Somatic Symptoms in Two Clinical Patient Samples
Conclusions This work is the first to estimate the structure of PSS using network analysis. A next step could be first to replicate our findings before translating them into clinical practice. Second, results may be useful for generating hypotheses to be tested in future studies, and the results open new opportunities for a better understanding for etiology, prevention, and intervention research. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Functional Connectivity Study to Investigate the Role of the Right Anterior Insula in Modulating Emotional Dysfunction in Borderline Personality Disorder
This study had several key aims: a) to investigate the role of right anterior insula (rAI) functional connectivity in modulating baseline emotional status in BPD, b) to compare differences in connectivity changes after mindfulness training versus interpersonal effectiveness intervention, and c) to explore the correlation between longitudinal changes in imaging data and clinical indicators. Methods Thirty-eight patients with BPD underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants completed self-report clinical scales and participated in a dialectical-behavioral therapy (mindfulness versus inte...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Determinants and Mechanisms of the Renin-Aldosterone Stress Response
Conclusions Cognitive stress appraisal processes seem to modulate RAAS stress reactivity. This points to potential clinical implications for psychoeducative therapeutical interventions targeting stress appraisal processes to reduce endocrine stress reactivity. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Mitochondrial Function as Related to Psychological Distress in Health Care Professionals
Objective The present study evaluated the association of psychological distress and radiation exposure as a work-related stressor with mitochondrial function in health care professionals. Methods Health care professionals at a regional hospital in Italy were evaluated for physical health and psychological measures using self-report questionnaires (n = 41; mean age = 47.6 [13.1] years; 66% women). In a second sample, individuals exposed to elevated levels of ionizing radiation (IR; likely effective dose exceeding 6 mSv/y; n = 63, mean age = 45.8 [8.8] years; 62% women) were compared with health care workers with ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Links Between Socioeconomic Status, Daily Depressive Affect, Diurnal Cortisol Patterns, and All-Cause Mortality
Conclusions These findings suggest that daily negative emotional experiences and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning may constitute important psychological and physiological pathways underlying the link between SES and all-cause mortality. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Association of Childhood Maltreatment, Sex, and Hair Cortisol Concentrations With Trajectories of Depressive and Anxious Symptoms Among Adult Psychiatric Inpatients
Conclusions Childhood maltreatment and HCC should be further investigated as predictors of anxious and depressive trajectories, during which sex-specific associations ought to be considered. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Childhood Maltreatment and Psychiatric Comorbidity in Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Disorders
Conclusions Childhood maltreatment is more common in IMID than in a healthy population and is associated with psychiatric comorbidity. Given the high burden of psychiatric disorders in the IMID population, clinicians should be aware of the contribution of maltreatment and the potential need for trauma-informed care strategies. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Cardiometabolic Disorders in the Offspring of Parents With Severe Mental Illness
Conclusions Having a cardiometabolic disorder was associated with male offspring of parents with SMI. Our findings suggest that there is an elevated risk of coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, obesity, and hypertension in the male offspring of parents with SMI. Our results suggest that the somatic health of offspring of parents with SMI should also be considered in addition to their mental health in clinical practice. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for January 2022 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 84, Issue 1
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - December 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover Source Type: research

Author and Subject Index
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Author and Subject Index Source Type: research

2021 volume contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: VOLUME CONTENTS AND INDEX Source Type: research

Relevance of Prospect Theory to Clinical Care–Seeking Behavior During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Patients With Movement Disorders
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Equity, Environment, and the Biopsychosocial Ecology of the COVID-19 Syndemic
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Sex Difference in Comorbid Depression in First-Episode and Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia: Baseline Results From the Depression in Schizophrenia in China Study
Objective Comorbid depression is common in schizophrenia, and sex differences are prominent in many aspects of schizophrenia. However, few studies have investigated sex difference in comorbid depression in schizophrenia. This large sample study aimed to investigate sex differences in first-episode drug-naive (FEDN) patients with schizophrenia comorbid major depressive episode (SZ-MDE). Methods A total of 996 FEDN patients with schizophrenia (472 males/524 females) were recruited. The 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were applied. Results There was n...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

History of Depression, Elevated Body Mass Index, and Waist-to-Height Ratio in Preadolescent Children
Conclusions In this study, 9- and 10-year-old girls with a history of depression were more likely to have an elevated BMI and elevated waist-to-height ratio than girls with no history of depression. These results provide important clinical context in caring for preadolescents with a history of depression. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Impact of Optimism and Pain Interference on Response to Online Behavioral Treatment for Mood and Anxiety Symptoms
This study aimed to explore a) if high pain interference has a negative effect on response to computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) for anxiety and depression and b) whether high optimism can buffer the negative effects of pain interference on cCBT outcomes. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of data on 403 participants from the randomized controlled clinical trial “Online Treatment for Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Primary Care.” It examined the impact of cCBT, with and without access to an Internet support group, on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mood, and anxiety symptoms. ...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Role of Perseverative Cognition for Both Mental and Somatic Disorders in a Naturalistic Psychiatric Patient Sample
Conclusions Our data complement previous work linking PC to stress-related mental disorders but question its immediate role in neurodevelopmental and somatic disorders. Targeting PC in the treatment of mood disorders and perhaps also in addiction seems promising. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Pavlovian Intervention to Condition Comforting Effects of Fruits
Conclusions Repeated pairing of fruit intake with a reliable distress-reducing activity led to the conditioning of comforting effects of fruit intake. Further refinement of the intervention design is necessary to translate this conditioned association to actual intake of fruit and other foods. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Direct Verbal Suggestibility as a Predictor of Placebo Hypoalgesia Responsiveness
Conclusions These results suggest that the extent to which direct verbal suggestibility captures variability in placebo responsiveness depends on the use of conditioning and highlights the utility of suggestibility as a potential contributing factor to placebo responding when placebo hypoalgesia is induced through verbal suggestions. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The School-Ladder Effect: Subjective Socioeconomic Status and Diurnal Cortisol Profile Among Adolescents
Conclusions Our findings highlight the importance of the reference group for subjective SES and provide a further understanding of socioeconomic disparities in adolescents’ stress physiology. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Association of Burnout and Vital Exhaustion With Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
This study aimed to investigate the association of burnout and vital exhaustion with measures of glycemic control and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO were searched from inception to April 2, 2020. Data extraction and quality assessment were performed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. When possible, results were meta-analyzed using random-effects models and rated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Results A total of 5317 titles/abstracts were screened, 140 articles were read fu...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW/META-ANALYSIS Source Type: research

Sleep and Inhibitory Control Over Mood-Congruent Information in Emerging Adults With Depressive Disorder
Objective Accumulating evidence has suggested bidirectionality between sleep problems and depression, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. We assessed the role of sleep in inhibitory control ability with emotional stimuli, which has been shown to be suboptimal among individuals with depression and proposed to perpetuate depressive symptoms. Methods Emerging adults (aged 18–25 years, 64.6% female) were screened for depressive and other mental disorders by structured clinical interview and questionnaire. Individuals with depressive disorders were assigned to have a polysomnography-monitored daytime sleep...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Impact of Subjective and Objective Sleep Quality on Peptic Ulcer Rebleeding in Older Adults
Conclusions The present results highlight the importance of proper treatment and prevention of sleep problems in older adults after successful PUB treatment. Our results, if replicable in future studies with more rigorous design and representative samples, might shed light on the etiology of ulcer rebleeding and suggest new pathways for preventing this disease. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Cumulative Impact of Chronic Stressors on Risks of Myocardial Infarction in US Older Adults
Conclusions Chronic life stressors are significant independent risk factors for cardiovascular events in US older adults. The risks associated with multiple chronic stressors were especially high in adults with a previous MI. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Association of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With Longitudinal Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate in World Trade Center Responders
In this study, we investigated the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and kidney disease. Methods World Trade Center (WTC) responders were included if they had two or more measures of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The PTSD Checklist (PCL) was used to define no PTSD (PCL (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Noninvasive Cervical Vagal Nerve Stimulation Alters Brain Activity During Traumatic Stress in Individuals With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Objective Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling condition affecting a large segment of the population; however, current treatment options have limitations. New interventions that target the neurobiological alterations underlying symptoms of PTSD could be highly beneficial. Transcutaneous cervical (neck) vagal nerve stimulation (tcVNS) has the potential to represent such an intervention. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of tcVNS on neural responses to reminders of traumatic stress in PTSD. Methods Twenty-two participants were randomized to receive either sham (n = 11) or active (n...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

β-Adrenergic Contributions to Emotion and Physiology During an Acute Psychosocial Stressor
Conclusions These results provide updated experimental evidence that β-adrenergic blockade attenuates negative, high arousal emotions in response to a psychosocial stressor while also blunting sympathetic nervous system reactivity. Together, these findings shed light on the neurophysiological mechanisms by which stressors transform into the subjective experience we call “stress.” Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02972554. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

When Anger Remains Unspoken: Anger and Accelerated Epigenetic Aging Among Stress-Exposed Black Americans
Conclusions These results suggest race-related LSE may elicit the internalization of anger, which, along with the externalization of anger, may initiate detrimental epigenetic alterations that confer the risk of adverse health outcomes. These findings lay the groundwork for longitudinal studies of the association between race-related stress and racial health disparities. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Article Summaries for November–December 2021 Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume 83, Issue 9
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - November 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

All Issue Ads
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: All Issue Ads Source Type: research

Table of Contents
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Table of Contents Source Type: research

Editorial Board
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial Board Source Type: research

Cover
No abstract available (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Cover Source Type: research

Dispositional Optimism and All-Cause Mortality in Older Adults: A Cohort Study
Conclusions We observed no independent relationship between optimism and all-cause mortality in the total sample, although optimism seemed to be associated with lower risk among the oldest old (adults 77 years and older). (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Evaluation of Goal-Striving Stress and Sleep Duration Among African Americans in the Jackson Heart Study
Objective The purposes of this study were to assess the association between changes in goal-striving stress (GSS) and changes in sleep duration in African Americans (AAs) and to determine if the association varies by sex, age, and/or educational attainment. Methods We completed a longitudinal analysis using examination 1 (2000–2004, n = 5306) and examination 3 (2009–2013, n = 3819) data from the Jackson Heart Study, with a final sample of 3500. Changes in GSS and changes in sleep duration were calculated by subtracting examination 1 GSS from examination 3 GSS. Mean differences (β [standard error...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Relationships Between Early Maternal Warmth and Social Connection: A Randomized Clinical Trial With Naltrexone
Objective Early experiences of having received maternal warmth predict responses to opportunities to connect with others later in life. However, the understanding of neurochemical mechanisms by which such relationships emerge remains incomplete. Endogenous opioids, involved in social connection in both animals and humans, may contribute to this link. Therefore, the current study examined a) relationships between early maternal warmth and brain and self-report responses to novel social targets (i.e., outcomes that may promote social connection) and b) the effect of the opioid antagonist, naltrexone, on such relationship...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

SITAgliptin for Depressive Symptoms in Type 2 Diabetes: A Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions Repositioning of oral hypoglycemic therapy for depressive symptoms in T2D is feasible. However, in this unpowered feasibility study, we did not detect evidence of superiority of sitagliptin over placebo. The results are cautioned by the small sample size and limited treatment duration. Trial Registration: EudraCT: 2015–004527-32. (Source: Psychosomatic Medicine)
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research