Subgrouping children with cerebral palsy from a broader perspective using two methods.
Abstract The purpose was to develop two versions of a body function index in cerebral palsy (BFI-CP I and BFI-CP II) using two methods to explore the relationship and differences among them and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and to explore the differences among subsets of the classifications that do not correspond to the ordinal levels of the GMFCS. Data on various measures from 405 children with CP between 18 months and 5 years of age were extracted from the Move & PLAY Study. The BFI-CP I was developed using a summing technique and the BFI-CP II was developed using cluster a...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jeevanantham D, Bartlett D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Learning and knowing bodies: Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapists' reflections on embodied knowledge.
CONCLUSION: Embodied knowledge can support the physiotherapists in their clinical practice. The learning and knowing body represents resources of empowerment for the patients. PMID: 29393714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ekerholt K, Bergland A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of a clinical protocol for measuring turnout in collegiate dancers.
Abstract Reliable methods of measuring turnout in dancers and comparing active turnout (used in class) with functional (uncompensated) turnout are needed. Authors have suggested measurement techniques but there is no clinically useful, easily reproducible technique with established inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. We adapted a technique based on previous research, which is easily reproducible. We hypothesized excellent inter-rater and intra-rater reliability between experienced physical therapists (PTs) and a briefly trained faculty member from a university's department of dance. Thirty-two participants we...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Greene A, Lasner A, Deu R, Oliphant S, Johnson K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of documentation on communication during patient-physiotherapist interactions: A qualitative observational study.
Abstract Documentation is an essential component of physiotherapy practice for clinical, legal, and ethical reasons. Research in other healthcare contexts suggests that documentation impacts upon communication in patient-practitioner interactions. Thus, the objective of this qualitative study was to examine how physiotherapists and their patients communicate during episodes of documentation. The research was informed by ethnomethodology and ethnography. In total, 113 patient-physiotherapist interactions were observed in Switzerland and Australia with video-recordings, audio-recordings, and field notes collected as...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 31, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schoeb V, Hiller A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Shoulder and elbow range of motion for the performance of activities of daily living: A systematic review.
Abstract The loss of range of motion (ROM) in the upper extremities can interfere with activities of daily living (ADL) and, therefore, many interventions focus on improving impaired ROM. The question, however, is what joint angles are needed to naturally perform ADL. The present review aimed to compile and synthesize data from literature on shoulder and elbow angles that unimpaired participants used when performing ADL tasks. A search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, CINAHL, and PEDro. Studies were eligible when shoulder (flexion, extension, abduction, adduction) and/or elbow (flexion, extension) angles...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Oosterwijk AM, Nieuwenhuis MK, van der Schans CP, Mouton LJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The study of surface electromyography used for the assessment of abductor hallucis muscle activity in patients with hallux valgus.
CONCLUSIONS: It is speculated that the changes of the AbdH function may occur in the period before clinical appearance of hallux valgus deformity, or at the onset of distortion development. Further studies are needed for a comprehensive assessment of AbdH muscle in patients with hallux valgus. PMID: 29373047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mortka K, Lisiński P, Wiertel-Krawczuk A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Propensity for movement specific reinvestment by physiotherapists: Implications for education.
Abstract Previous studies have shown that the propensity for conscious monitoring and control of movement (i.e. movement specific reinvestment) influences the acquisition of movement skills. Physiotherapists, whose primary function is to promote effective human movement, also develop specialized movement skills that are necessary to perform diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. To explore the implications for promoting expertise, this current study examined physiotherapists' propensity for movement-specific reinvestment. Practitioners and students in physiotherapy, and other rehabilitation, and non-health profess...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Capio CM, Uiga L, Malhotra N, Eguia KF, Masters RSW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability and validity of a designed setup for the assessment of static back extensor force and endurance in older women with and without hyperkyphosis.
CONCLUSION: The measurements of static back muscle force and endurance are reliable and valid with our designed setup in older women with and without hyperkyphosis. PMID: 29368984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Roghani T, Khalkhali Zavieh M, Rahimi A, Talebian S, Manshadi FD, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, King N, Katzman W Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory repercussions according to the abdominal circumference measurement of men with obstructive respiratory disorder submitted to respiratory physiotherapy.
ami M Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the effect of respiratory physiotherapy among men with obstructive respiratory disorder, in relation to abdominal circumference (AC). METHODS: Quasi-experimental study including 26 men split into two groups according to AC(cm): 1)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Martinelli B, Pires Di Lorenzo VA, Quitério RJ, Ambrozin ARP, Arca EA, Jamami M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of sternal instability scale (SIS) for transverse sternotomy in lung transplantation (LTX).
CONCLUSION: The SIS is a reliable manual assessment tool for evaluation of sternal instability after CSI following BSLTX and may facilitate the timely detection and management of sternal instability. PMID: 29369002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fuller LM, El-Ansary D, Button B, Bondarenko J, Marasco S, Snell G, Holland AE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility and reliability of a virtual reality oculus platform to measure sensory integration for postural control in young adults.
CONCLUSION: Our novel portable VR platform was found to be feasible and reliable in healthy young adults. PMID: 29364733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lubetzky AV, Kary EE, Harel D, Hujsak B, Perlin K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of mobilization with movement on lateral knee pain due to proximal tibiofibular joint hypomobility.
Abstract This case report describes a 45-year-old female who presented with lateral knee pain over the right proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) managed unsuccessfully with rest, medications, bracing, injection, and physiotherapy. Clinical diagnosis of PTFJ hypomobility was based on concordant symptom reproduction with palpatory tenderness, accessory motion testing, and restricted anterior glide of the fibula. Intervention consisted of Mulligan's mobilization with movement and taping over the right PTFJ with immediate improvements noticed in pain, range of motion, and function. The patient was seen twice a week and...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S, Miller J, J Werstine R, Young S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of the craniocervical flexion and isometric neck exercise compared in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: The present study compared the effects of neck isometric exercise (NIE) and craniocervical flexion exercise (CFE) on cervical lordosis, muscle endurance of cervical flexion, neck disability index (NDI), and active cervical range of motion (ACROM) in all three planes in patients with non-specific, chronic neck pain (CNP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients from a university hospital-based rehabilitation center were randomly assigned to an experimental (22 patients performing CFE) or control (19 patients performing NIE) group. All patients performed three 30-second repetitions of s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chung S, Jeong YG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability of the unsupported upper-limb exercise test (UULEX) and 6-min peg board ring test (6PBRT) in healthy adult individuals.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The unsupported upper-limb exercise (UULEX) and 6-min peg board ring tests (6PBRTs) have been developed to measure peak unsupported arm exercise capacity and arm endurance, respectively, in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These tests are valid and reproducible in this population; however, the reproducibility of healthy adults is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day test-retest reliability of the UULEX and 6PBRT in healthy adults. METHOD: The study included 41 healthy adults, aged 38.3 ± 17.9 years old, who performed b...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 19, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lima VP, Velloso M, Almeida FD, Carmona B, Ribeiro-Samora GA, Janaudis-Ferreira T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A systematic literature review of physiotherapy and rehabilitation approaches to lower-limb amputation.
DISCUSSION: LLA rehabilitation is a topic that requires the focus of current and future studies; evidence-based studies are required on the approaches to rehabilitation for specific LLA groups. PMID: 29351504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 19, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ülger Ö, Yıldırım Şahan T, Çelik SE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Scapular focused interventions to improve shoulder pain and function in adults with subacromial pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
In conclusion, in adults with SAPS, scapular focused interventions can improve short-term shoulder pain and function. PMID: 29351510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 19, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Saito H, Harrold ME, Cavalheri V, McKenna L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Goal setting practice in chronic low back pain. What is current practice and is it affected by beliefs and attitudes?
CONCLUSION: Goal setting is common practice for CLBP and is perceived as a high priority. It is more often a collaboration between therapist and patient rather than patient-led with treatment orientation of the physiotherapist a predictor of patient involvement. Education of healthcare professionals needs to include better understanding of chronic pain to orient them away from a biomedical treatment approach, as well as to enhance skills in facilitating patient involvement in goal setting. PMID: 29345522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 18, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Gardner T, Refshauge K, McAuley J, Hübsher M, Goodall S, Smith L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Multimodal physiotherapy treatment based on a biobehavioral approach for patients with chronic cervico-craniofacial pain: a prospective case series.
ny A, La Touche R Abstract The purpose of this prospective case series was to observe and describe changes in patients with chronic cervico-craniofacial pain of muscular origin treated with multimodal physiotherapy based on a biobehavioral approach. Nine patients diagnosed with chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorder and neck pain were treated with 6 sessions over the course of 2 weeks including: (1) orthopedic manual physiotherapy (joint mobilizations, neurodynamic mobilization, and dynamic soft tissue mobilizations); (2) therapeutic exercises (motor control and muscular endurance exercises); and (3) patien...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Marcos-Martín F, González-Ferrero L, Martín-Alcocer N, Paris-Alemany A, La Touche R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Evidence, education and multi-disciplinary integration are needed to embed exercise into lung cancer clinical care: A qualitative study involving physiotherapists.
CONCLUSION: This study has identified barriers to, and potential strategies for, the embedding of exercise into lung cancer clinical practice. Evidence, education and multi-disciplinary integration are viewed by physiotherapists as critical for success. A targeted gradual approach, by applying these strategies at defined stages across the lung cancer pathway, is recommended to facilitate future practice change. PMID: 29336644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Granger CL, Parry SM, Denehy L, Remedios L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical exercise prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A feasibility study.
CONCLUSION: Exercise prior to HSCT is safe and feasible, and positive trends suggest favorable preliminary effectiveness. Adherence to the exercise program needs to be optimized in a future trial. PMID: 29336645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: van Haren IEPM, Staal JB, Potting CM, Atsma F, Hoogeboom TJ, Blijlevens NMA, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MWG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Rhythmic arm swing integrated into treadmill training in patients with chronic stroke: A single-subject experimental study.
This study aimed to compare the effects of rhythmic arm swing and arm fixation during treadmill walking in patients with poststroke hemiparesis. We used an alternating study design with multiple baselines across subjects. Three patients with chronic stroke participated in this study. During treadmill walking, rhythmic arm swing and arm fixation conditions were alternately applied. Outcome measures included the 10-meter walk test (10MWT) and energy expenditure index (EEI). In the intervention phase, all subjects showed significantly greater improvements in the 10MWT and EEI scores for rhythmic arm swing condition compared t...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kang TW, Oh DW, Lee JH, Cynn HS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The use of mastoid vibration with canalith repositioning procedure to treat persistent benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: A case report.
Abstract The Canalith Repositioning Procedure (CRP) was originally described as a non-invasive treatment for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) by Epley. Since its inception, the maneuver has undergone several modifications; and currently is performed in the absence of induced mastoid vibration (oscillation). Clinically, mastoid vibration may be used to assist in treatment of persistent cases of BPPV, where a simple CRP may fail to improve symptoms. This case describes a patient with a three-month history of BPPV (right posterior canalithiasis), who was previously treated unsuccessfully with standard CRP....
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Griech SF, Carroll MA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and minimal detectable change of thoracoabdominal mobility measurements using photogrammetry.
Abstract The knowledge about measurement errors of the measuring tool is important before its use, as clinical decisions are going to be made based on its results. Here we investigate intrarater and interrater reliability and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of thoracoabdominal mobility measurements using photogrammetry, considering novice and experienced raters. Thoracoabdominal mobility of 17 healthy participants was assessed; photographs during apnea in maximal inspiration and expiration were used to calculate latero-lateral and anteroposterior diameters of the thorax (at axillary and xiphoid level) and abdo...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sarro KJ, Mombrini CL, Tonole TB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Safety and effectiveness of fascial therapy in adult patients with hemophilic arthropathy. A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: A physiotherapy program based on fascial therapy is safe in patients with hemophilia. Fascial therapy may improve joint status, pain, and mobility in patients with hemophiliac arthropathy of the knee and ankle. PMID: 29334292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Donoso-Úbeda E, Meroño-Gallut J, López-Pina JA, Cuesta-Barriuso R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Sensory dissociation in chronic low back pain: Two case reports.
Abstract Patients with chronic low back pain often report that they do not perceive their painful back accurately. Previous studies confirmed that sensory dissociation and/or discrepancy between perceived body image and actual size is one of the specific traits of patients with chronic pain. Current approaches for measuring sensory dissociation are limited to two-point-discrimination or rely on pain drawings not allowing for quantitative analysis. This case study reports the sensory dissociation of two cases with chronic low back pain using a recently published test (point-to-point-test (PTP)) and a newly develope...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Adamczyk WM, Luedtke K, Saulicz O, Saulicz E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinical learning spaces: Crucibles for practice development in physiotherapy clinical education.
Abstract This paper, through a deep examination of clinical workplaces as learning spaces, uses a holistic interpretation of clinical education and offers a practice development crucible metaphor as a useful way to deepen how clinical education can be conceptualized. An in-depth conceptualization of clinical education is needed if educators are able to develop wise educational practice and optimize the time students spend in clinical learning settings. The research reported here was undertaken in the qualitative paradigm guided by philosophical hermeneutics. Data collection strategies included observation, semi-st...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Patton N, Higgs J, Smith M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A short, structured skills training course for critical care physiotherapists in a lower-middle income country.
CONCLUSIONS: This short, structured, critical care focused physiotherapy training has potential benefit to participating physiotherapists. Further, it provides an evidence that collaborative program can be planned and conducted successfully in a resource poor setting. This sustainable short course model may be adaptable to other resource-limited settings. PMID: 29319380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tunpattu S, Newey V, Sigera C, De Silva P, Goonarathna A, Aluthge I, Thambavita P, Perera R, Meegahawatte A, Isaam I, Dondorp AM, Haniffa R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

'Student-y or studious': An exploration of students' perceptions of parallel learning in preregistration physiotherapy education.
CONCLUSIONS: It is clear from findings that students perceive the benefits of parallel learning of mixed groups. However, to avoid perceptions that it is merely cost cutting, learning resources need to be maintained and from the outset clear explanations of the purposes should be given to students. PMID: 29319384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Milligan J, Grafton K, Hammond JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of pain neuroscience education and exercise on pain, muscle endurance, catastrophizing and anxiety in adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain: a school-based pilot, randomized and controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest a potential benefit of PNE and exercise for adolescents with CINP. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed. PMID: 29319386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Andias R, Neto M, Silva AG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Relationship between physical activity, disability, and physical fitness profile in sedentary Latina breast cancer survivors.
CONCLUSION: Latina breast cancer survivors have low physical activity and fitness levels that increase their risk of disability, cardiometabolic comorbidities, and potential cancer recurrence. PMID: 29319387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ortiz A, Tirado M, Hughes DC, Gonzalez V, Song J, Mama SK, Basen-Engquist K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An exploration of pain experiences and their meaning in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients report difficulty in explaining the persistence of pain. This fosters a need to legitimize their pain, which influences feelings of frustration and self-worth. An understanding of these responses will assist health care professionals in managing on-going pain in those with COPD. PMID: 29319390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lee AL, Harrison SL, Goldstein RS, Brooks D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Limited utility of Kinesio Taping ® in the physiotherapy treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation.
CONCLUSIONS: The application of Kinesio Taping® associated with physiotherapy improved SpO2 of non-hypoxemic patients with COPD exacerbation. Further studies should be conducted to evaluate the method in the long run and in another outcome. PMID: 29308939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Daitx RB, Dos Santos K, Dohnert MB, da Silva TDA, Silva JD Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A multimodal physical therapy approach utilizing the Maitland concept in the management of a patient with cervical and lumbar radiculitis and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome-hypermobility type: A case report.
Abstract The purpose of this case report is to present a multimodal approach for patient management using the Maitland concept framework for cervical and lumbar radiculitis with an underlying diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobility Type (EDS-HT). This case presents care guided by evidence, patient values, and rationale for the selected course of physical therapy treatment provided by therapist experience. A 35-year-old female with a 2-year history of worsening lumbar and cervical pain was referred to physical therapy to address these musculoskeletal issues concurrent with diagnostic testing for EDS. A mu...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pennetti A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Which knowledge? An examination of the knowledge at play in physiotherapy with children.
This article explores how knowledge is expressed and enacted in the practice of physiotherapy with children. The empirical material was generated through close observation of seven physiotherapy treatment sessions involving 7 children between 6 and 11 years old and 5 physiotherapists. Observations were undertaken by the first author, whose post-session written notes, along with comments and questions, constitute the database of this article. Through processing and analysis of data, we have written and present three experiential anecdotes as basis for further analysis and discussion. The article shows how children take...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bjorbaekmo W, Stendal Robinson H, Engebretsen E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Mapping physical therapy research: The geographical affiliations and methodological quality of 2,959 randomized controlled trials.
The objective was to study the frequency and methodological quality of physical therapy-related randomized controlled trials (RCTs) across the world. PEDro was searched for RCTs in physical therapy published between January 1 2015 and December 5 2016. For each trial, the first and last authors' affiliations and the PEDro scale were extracted. Using the first and last authors' affiliations, each article was geocoded using the Data Science Toolkit API. The search located 2,959 RCTs, which were affiliated primarily with a small cluster of countries. The median PEDro score for all trials was 5 (IQR 4:7). The geographical sprea...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Larsson J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A comparison of two manual physical therapy approaches and electrotherapy modalities for patients with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized three arm clinical trial.
Abstract A broad spectrum of physical therapy exercise programs provides symptom relief and functional benefit for patients with knee OA. Manual physical therapy, including tailored exercise programs provide relatively higher level benefit that persists to one year. It is currently unknown if there are important differences in the effects of different manual physical therapy techniques for patients with knee OA and there are virtually no studies comparing manual physical therapy and electrotherapy modalities. The aim of the study was to compare long-term results between three treatment groups (mobilization with mo...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kaya Mutlu E, Ercin E, Razak Ozdıncler A, Ones N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of exercise on perception of verticality in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
CONCLUSION: Improvements in visual, postural, and haptic verticality perception within the stabilization exercise training and Basic Body Awareness group treatment suggest the addition of these exercise methods for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis to improve internal body orientation. PMID: 29308950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yagci G, Yakut Y, Simsek E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Efficiency of neuromuscular electrical stimulation: A comparison of elicited force and subject tolerance using three electrical waveforms.
CONCLUSION: For the same level of discomfort, BMPC yielded one-third greater muscle force than BMAC and at a lesser current amplitude. These data evidence a greater efficiency for BMPC than BMAC. PMID: 29308952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bellew JW, Allen M, Biefnes A, Grantham S, Miglin J, Swartzell D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Can pain beliefs change in middle school students? A study of the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education.
This study set out to explore if an abbreviated PNE lecture to middle school children would result in a positive shift in pain knowledge as well as healthier beliefs regarding pain. One-hundred-and-thirty-three middle school students spanning 5th to 8th grade attended a 30-minute PNE lecture. The primary outcome measures of pain knowledge (neurophysiology of pain questionnaire [NPQ]) and beliefs regarding pain (numeric rating scale) were measured before and immediately after the PNE lecture. Significant improvement in knowledge was found with mean score on NPQ test scores improving from 3.83 (29.5%) pre-PNE to 7.90 (60.8%) post-PNE (p 
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Podalak J, Zimney K, Schmidt S, Puentedura EJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A qualitative study of clinical reasoning in physiotherapy with preterm infants and their parents: Action and interaction.
CONCLUSION: Through mutuality and engagement with the infant and parent(s), the PTs allow the autonomy of interaction to emerge and shape the translation of CR into successful therapeutic actions and learning together with the infant and parent(s). PMID: 29308955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Håkstad RB, Obstfelder A, Øberg GK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Management of a patient's gait abnormality using smartphone technology in-clinic for improved qualitative analysis: A case report.
DISCUSSION: Video allows for multiple views, which can be further enhanced by using applications for frame-by-frame analysis and zoom capabilities. This is especially useful for less experienced observers of human motion, as well as for establishing comparative signs prior to implementation of training and/or permanent devices. PMID: 29308956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: VanWye WR, Hoover DL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Validity of eyeball estimation for range of motion during the cervical flexion rotation test compared to an ultrasound-based movement analysis system.
uml;niger T, Hall T Abstract Headache is a common and costly health problem. Although pathogenesis of headache is heterogeneous, one reported contributing factor is dysfunction of the upper cervical spine. The flexion rotation test (FRT) is a commonly used diagnostic test to detect upper cervical movement impairment. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate concurrent validity of detecting high cervical ROM impairment during the FRT by comparing measurements established by an ultrasound-based system (gold standard) with eyeball estimation. Secondary aim was to investigate intra-rater reliability of...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schäfer A, Lüdtke K, Breuel F, Gerloff N, Knust M, Kollitsch C, Laukart A, Matej L, Müller A, Schöttker-Königer T, Hall T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Medically unexplained physical symptoms, misunderstood and wrongly treated? A semiotic perspective on chronic pain.
Abstract Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are a significant and increasing health issue in the western world. Chronic pain constitutes a considerable element of these symptoms, and the lack of a biomedical explanation of their cause challenges the clinical encounter. The limitations of biomedicine become evident in these encounters and expose the need for an expanded understanding of body and symptom. Semiotics, as an anti-dualistic meta-theory, closes the gap between natural science and the humanities and views the human body in an evolutionary and existential perspective. By focusing on interpretat...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Busvold KIH, Bondevik H Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors associated with patient-satisfaction in student-led physiotherapy clinics: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: The results emphasize the importance placed by patients on effective communication, as well as the relationship between the supervisor and student overseeing their care. The findings highlight the influence of both the student and supervisor on patient satisfaction and provide insight into the style of student supervision from the perspective of the patient. PMID: 29308961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Forbes DR, Nolan D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Pain-diminishing effects of Kinesio ® taping after median sternotomy.
In this study, the impact of Kinesio® taping on postoperative morbidity after median sternotomy was observed. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (mean age 66 ± 9 years, CI: 63.28; 68.98) who underwent median sternotomy between 09/2014 and 11/2014 participated in this prospective randomized controlled trial. Patients were assigned into a treatment on a non-treatment group. Patients in the treatment group were taped after leaving the intensive care unit. We assessed, pain, consumption of pain medication, the subjective estimation of patients' ability to breathe, radiologic and microbial abnormalitie...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brockmann R, Klein HM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Pelvic floor symptoms, physical, and psychological outcomes of patients following surgery for colorectal cancer.
CONCLUSION: The findings of a high percentage of participants with persistent low physical activity levels and worse bowel symptoms after CRC surgery compared to preoperative levels suggest the need for health-care professionals to provide information about the benefits of physical activity and bowel management at postoperative follow-ups. Further investigation in larger studies is warranted. PMID: 29308963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lin KY, Denehy L, Frawley HC, Wilson L, Granger CL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability and validity of the standardized Mensendieck test in relation to disability in patients with chronic pain.
The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and convergent validity of the SMT in a heterogeneous sample of 50 patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach's α and interrater reliability by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Convergent validity was assessed by determining the Spearman rank correlation coefficient between the movement quality measured in the SMT and functional limitation measured on the disability rating index (DRI). RESULTS: The internal consistency was Cronbach's α 0.91. Substantial reliability was found for the items: ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Keessen P, Maaskant J, Visser B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of Kinesio Taping on breast cancer-related lymphedema: A meta-analysis in clinical trials.
CONCLUSIONS: KT was effective on postmastectomy lymphedema related to breast cancer; however, it is not more efficient than other treatments. PMID: 29308967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kasawara KT, Rossetti Mapa JM, Ferreira V, Nemitalla Added MA, Shiwa SR, Carvas N, Batista PA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Social cognitive or learning theory use to improve self-efficacy in musculoskeletal rehabilitation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Studies that used social cognitive or learning theory principles to improve self-efficacy in patients with orthopedic or musculoskeletal conditions generally displayed moderate to large effect sizes supporting this intervention. Sound research methodological quality and low risk of intervention-related injury or other adverse events were also generally observed. Findings suggest that these interventions may also benefit individuals with conditions that have not progressed to end-stage salvage surgery such as younger, more athletically active individuals for knee OA prevention. PMID: 29308969 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ghazi C, Nyland J, Whaley R, Rogers T, Wera J, Henzman C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Exploring patient experiences of participating in a group exercise class for the management of nonspecific shoulder pain: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Among those interviewed, the exercise class was described as providing an environment conducive to the development of relationships, friendships, humor and fun, gaining mastery of their exercises, and encouraging the transition toward self-management of their pain. For those who had previous experience of one-to-one physiotherapy, the exercise class was evaluated as the preferred mode of physiotherapy delivery. The findings of this study support a move away from traditional one-on-one physiotherapy sessions to the potentially more cost-effective group setting. PMID: 29297720 [PubMed - as supplied by publis...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Barrett E, Hayes A, Kelleher M, Conroy C, Robinson K, O'Sullivan K, McCreesh K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research