Utilization of manual therapy to the lumbar spine in conjunction with traditional conservative care for individuals with bilateral lower extremity complex regional pain syndrome: A case series.
DISCUSSION: Both patients exhibited reductions in pain and clinically meaningful improvements in function. Manual therapies when applied to the lumbar spine in these patients as part of a comprehensive treatment plan resulted in improved spinal mobility, decreased pain, and reduction is distal referred symptoms. Although one cannot infer a cause and effect relationship from a case series, this report identifies meaningful clinical outcomes potentially associated with manual physical therapy to the lumbar spine for two patients with complex regional pain syndrome type 1. PMID: 29873592 [PubMed - as supplied by publishe...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Walston Z, Hernandez L, Yake D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Predictors for adherence to a home-based pelvic floor muscle exercise program for treating female urinary incontinence in Brazil.
CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to home-based PFME is a complex phenomenon. Assessing self-efficacy may help physiotherapists to detect patients' confidence in performing home-based exercises and, when necessary, give patients additional incentives. PMID: 29863450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 4, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sacomori C, Berghmans B, de Bie R, Mesters I, Cardoso FL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of the five-repetition sit-to-stand test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on domiciliary oxygen therapy.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability and learning effect of the five-repetition sit-to-stand test (5STSt) in severe and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients on domiciliary oxygen therapy compare the results with those of COPD patients not on such therapy. METHODS: Twenty-eight COPD patients were included in the domiciliary oxygen therapy group (DOTG) and 17 in the control group (CG). The participants of the groups were paired by age, sex, body mass index, and lung function. The groups performed two 5STSt (5STSt1 and 5STSt2). RESULTS: In total, 96% of the patients ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cani KC, Silva IJCS, Karloh M, Gulart AA, Matte DL, Mayer AF Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the neck disability index and numeric pain rating scale in patients with mechanical neck pain without upper extremity symptoms.
CONCLUSION: The threshold for MCID for the NDI and NPRS in patients without UE symptoms is lower (NDI = 5.5; NPRS = 1.5) than that of patients with UE/radicular symptoms (NDI = 8.5 points; NPRS = 2.2). Knowledge of these cut-scores in each presentation of NP is needed for successful research and clinical treatment. Additional outcomes may be warranted for patients with UE symptoms. PMID: 29856244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Young IA, Dunning J, Butts R, Mourad F, Cleland JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Hip bone marrow edema presenting as low back pain: a case report.
CONCLUSIONS: This case report highlights the importance of including a comprehensive and continuous differential diagnostic process throughout the treatment period, looking for those risk factors (i.e. red flags) that warrant further investigation and referral to the appropriate physician. Physiotherapy diagnosis should include clinical reasoning, clinical presentation, and symptom behavior in addition to appropriate referral for medical assessment and diagnostic imaging when appropriate. Physiotherapists working within a direct access environment have the competence and responsibility to participate with other health prof...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mourad F, Maselli F, Cataldi F, Pennella D, Fernández-De-Las-Peñas C, Dunning J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Low-frequency vibrotherapy considerably improves the effectiveness of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in patients with lipedema: A two-armed, randomized, controlled pragmatic trial.
Abstract PURPOSE: Although the exact prevalence of lipedema is unknown the number of women suffering from this condition is ever-growing. When treated conservatively, manual lymphatic drainage is regarded the gold standard. However, the rate of its effectiveness varies considerably with some women showing minimal to no improvement depending on severity of the disease and medical history. METHODS: Thirty female patients diagnosed with lipedema stage 2-3 referred to physiotherapeutic treatment were randomly allocated to either six treatments of MLD or to six treatments of combined MLD and vibrotherapy treatment...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schneider R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The complexity of integrating a behavioral medicine approach into physiotherapy clinical practice.
CONCLUSION: The complexity of integrating a BM approach into physiotherapy clinical practice arises from multiple determinants functioning as both facilitators and barriers. By selecting strategies to address these determinants, the implementation of a BM approach could be supported. PMID: 29847287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fritz J, Söderbäck M, Söderlund A, Sandborgh M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Use of a fracture prevention screening algorithm predicts self-reported falls in postmenopausal women.
CONCLUSION: These findings support the use of fracture risk as a trigger for fall screening to comprehensively classify risk in post-menopausal women as proposed by the FPSA. PMID: 29843543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 29, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Downey PA, Perry SB, Marchetti G, Thompson DP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Outcomes following a locomotor training protocol on balance, gait, exercise capacity, and community integration in an individual with a traumatic brain injury: a case report.
DISCUSSION: Use of the NRN protocol may be feasible in individuals with TBI, though 24 sessions may not have been enough to achieve the full potential benefit of this intervention in an individual with a chronic TBI. PMID: 29799299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Moriello G, Pathare N, BroschartValenza P, Provost D, Westfall K, Lenge K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of breathing patterns, pressure, volume, and flow characteristics of three breathing techniques to encourage lung inflation in healthy older people.
Abstract BACKGROUND: It is important to encourage lung inflation to prevent postsurgical pulmonary complications and we compared three breathing techniques that place different emphasis on inspiratory flow and breath-holding. METHODS: Fourteen healthy older people (69 ± 3.6 yrs) used diaphragmatic breathing (DB), Triflo II (TF), and a water pressure threshold device (BreatheMAX; BM) in a randomized and balanced crossover design. Outcome measures were inspiratory flow and pressure, inspiratory time (Ti), tidal volume (Vt), and breathing frequency. RESULTS: Inspiratory flow with TF wa...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ubolsakka-Jones C, Tasangkar W, Jones DA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Wii training on hand function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSION: Wii training plus usual care decreases spasticity and increases grip strength and hand function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. PMID: 29792556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: El-Shamy SM, El-Banna MF Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The need for mapping personal goals to exercise dosage in community-based exercise programs for people with Parkinson's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Community-based exercise programs could be optimized by better aligning participant goals and exercise intensity. PMID: 29791244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Amateis AL, Boesel CL, Ehnert BP, Evans AS, Hurst KE, Marek KL, Sullivan AC, Zalewski KR, Huddleston WE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Immediate effects of a distal gait modification during stair descent in individuals with patellofemoral pain.
CONCLUSION: The distal gait modification session changed the lower extremity kinetic chain strategy of movement, increasing foot and ankle movement contribution and decreasing knee contribution to the task. An immediate decrease in patellofemoral pain intensity during stair descent was also observed. To emphasize forefoot landing may be a useful intervention to immediately relieve pain in patients with patellofemoral pain during stair descent. Clinical studies are needed to verify the gait modification session effects in medium and long terms. PMID: 29791252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Aliberti S, Mezêncio B, Amadio AC, Serrão JC, Mochizuki L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A systematic review of grounded theory studies in physiotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: There are several key tenets of GTM that are integral to the iterative process of qualitative theorizing and need to be applied throughout all research practices including sampling, data collection, and analysis. PMID: 29791261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ali N, May S, Grafton K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Standardized outcome measures for cerebral palsy among physiotherapists in southwestern Nigeria: awareness, use, barriers, and facilitators.
This study was, therefore, carried out to determine awareness and use of standardized outcome measures among physiotherapists managing CP in Nigeria. Barriers to and facilitators for the use of outcome measures were also investigated. This was a descriptive study involving 138 physiotherapists from selected hospitals in southwestern Nigeria. A self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information on socio-demographics, awareness, use, barriers to, and facilitators for the use of seven standardized outcome measures. The Gross Motor Function Measure was the most recognized (78.9%) and commonly used (58%) ou...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 22, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Obembe AO, Dada O, Balogun AO, Ojo OW, Johnson OE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

How does leadership manifest in the patient-therapist interaction among physiotherapists in primary health care? A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: This study describes how leadership manifests in the patient-physiotherapist interaction. The findings can be used to empower physiotherapists in their clinical leadership and to give them confidence in taking on formal leadership roles, thus becoming active participants in improving health care. Future studies are needed to explore other aspects of leadership used in physiotherapy clinical practice. PMID: 29775113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 18, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rasmussen-Barr E, Savage M, Von Knorring M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of exercise in combination with autologous bone marrow stem cell transplantation for patients with type 1 diabetes.
Abstract Stem cell therapy is a promising approach for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Previous studies recommended regular exercise for the control of T1D. Experimental studies showed that a combination of stem cells and exercise yielded a better outcome. Yet, the effect of exercise programs following stem cell transplantation in patients with T1D has not been investigated. Thus, the current study aimed to examine the effect of a combined exercise program on measures of glycemic control in patients with T1D who received autologous bone marrow stem cell transplantation (ABMSCT). Thirty patients wi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 18, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mohamed MT, Embaby EA, Labib A, El-Husseiny M, Khamis H, El-Demery A, Shoukry MM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cluster subgroups based on overall pressure pain sensitivity and psychosocial factors in chronic musculoskeletal pain: Differences in clinical outcomes.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to empirically derive psychosocial and pain sensitivity subgroups using cluster analysis within a sample of individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) and to investigate derived subgroups for differences in pain and disability outcomes. METHODS: Eighty female participants with CMP answered psychosocial and disability scales and were assessed for pressure pain sensitivity. A cluster analysis was used to derive subgroups, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to investigate differences between subgroups. RESULTS: Psychosocial factors (kinesiophobia, pain catastroph...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Almeida SC, George SZ, Leite RDV, Oliveira AS, Chaves TC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Patient adherence to an exercise program for chronic low back pain measured by patient-report, physiotherapist-perception and observational data.
Abstract The effectiveness of exercise programs for chronic low back pain (CLBP) is dependent upon patient adherence which is problematic to measure accurately. This cross-sectional observational study aimed to compare patient-reported levels of adherence with physiotherapists' perceptions of patient adherence; and to explore the proportion of patients who could accurately recall and demonstrate the exercises contained within their prescribed exercise program for CLBP. Participating patients (n = 61) included those attending for a follow-up consultation with a physiotherapist (n = 15) at a cons...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Peek K, Carey M, Mackenzie L, Sanson-Fisher R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinical narratives in residency education: Exploration of the learning process.
Conclusions: In this study, clinical narratives served as a pedagogical tool to enhance aspects of clinical expertise. The utilization of clinical narrative may be used as one tool to help to create reflective practitioners with improved skills foundational to clinical practice. PMID: 29764267 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Furze JA, Greenfield BH, Barr JB, Geist K, Gale J, Jensen GM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors influencing the use of outcome measures in knee osteoarthritis: A mixed method study of physiotherapists in Nigeria.
CONCLUSION: There is a need to establish good organizational structure focusing on the use of outcome measures in practice and development of a concessional toolkit of short and easily applicable instruments with user description. PMID: 29764269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Odole AC, Odunaiya NA, Ojo JO, Akinpelu AO Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in athletes: Contributory factors and treatment implications.
Abstract Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures. Informed by knowledge from physical therapy, as well as the fields of voice rehabilitatio...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kolnes LJ, Stensrud T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of an evolving profession on the frequency and perceived difficulty of ethical encounters among physical therapists in the clinic.
CONCLUSIONS: While today's PTs report that they encounter ethical situations at a frequency similar to PTs in 1980, these same PTs report these ethical challenges as minimally difficult when compared to PTs responding to the 1980 survey. It is proposed that a move toward autonomous practice, the elevation of the entry level professional degree, and changing health care policy and environments have been influential in shaping these changes over time. PMID: 29757065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Berg-Poppe P, MacCabe A, Karges J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and clinical feasibility of measuring dual-task gait in the inpatient rehabilitation setting following traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: The WWTT, mWART, and TUG-COG have excellent reliability and appear clinically feasible for incorporation into clinical practice in inpatient rehabilitation following TBI. PMID: 29757066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rachal L, Swank C, Trudelle-Jackson E, Driver S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy interventions for patients with chronic pelvic pain: A systematic review of the literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Although physiotherapy interventions show some beneficial effects, evidence cannot support the results. Heterogeneity in terms of population phenotype, methodological quality, interpretation of results, and operational definition result in little overall evidence to guide treatment. PMID: 29757068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fuentes-Márquez P, Cabrera-Martos I, Valenza MC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Accuracy of a single measurement site for self-monitoring of patients with breast cancer at risk for lymphedema.
CONCLUSIONS: Circumference difference between arms of 4% measured at 30 cm proximal to the styloid process can be used as a surveillance site for further monitoring of patients at risk for lymphedema and may contribute to early diagnosis. Feelings of heaviness or swelling have moderate relationship with lymphedema, which needs to be confirmed in clinical practice. PMID: 29757069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hidding JT, Beurskens CHG, De Vries MT, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MWG, van Laarhoven HWM, van der Wees PJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Students' perspectives of core value development in a modified problem-based learning program.
Abstract Physical therapy educational programs are tasked to develop core values in their students as the foundation of professionalism. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an approach that intends to enrich exploration of issues in clinical decision making, understand how patient care is supported by other aspects of professional practice, and develop examination, intervention and communication skills. This qualitative study aimed to understand, interpret, and describe doctoral physical therapy students' perspectives of core value development in a modified PBL program. Twenty-seven of 49 students from a single class ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wormley ME, Tovin MM, Lusardi M, Wilson S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An argument for competency-based training in pelvic floor physiotherapy practice.
Abstract Pelvic floor dysfunction has been described as "a silent epidemic," affecting many people in the community yet under-recognized and insufficiently managed. There is evidence that pelvic floor physiotherapy can manage many of these disorders, however a competency framework to guide and inform pelvic floor physiotherapy training and practice is lacking. The assessment and management of the pelvic floor complex is not addressed as a core component of most entry-to-practice physiotherapy programs despite being within the scope of physiotherapy practice which is in contrast with the knowledge and ski...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Frawley HC, Neumann P, Delany C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy as a career choice-perspective of students and physiotherapists in Portugal.
oks D Abstract We investigated Portuguese physiotherapy students' and physiotherapists' (1) perceptions of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP); (2) factors that influenced their decision to pursue a career in CRP; and (3) suggestions to develop CRP. Online surveys were disseminated to final year students and physiotherapists. A number of 189 students (mean age 23 [SD 6] years; 78% ♀) and 375 physiotherapists (mean age 31 [SD 8] years; 78% ♀) participated. Students' opinions about CRP were positively influenced by lecturers (n = 112, 69%), clinical experiences (n = 110, 68%), and...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Marques A, Oliveira A, Machado A, Jácome C, Cruz J, Pinho T, Hall A, Alvelos H, Brooks D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Leadership capabilities of physiotherapy leaders in Ireland: Part 1 physiotherapy managers.
CONCLUSIONS: Physiotherapy managers work predominantly through the structural and human resource frames. To successfully meet the leadership requirements of their roles physiotherapy managers may benefit from specific leadership development training to develop leadership capabilities in the political and symbolic frames. PMID: 29733737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: McGowan E, Elliott N, Stokes E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Leadership capabilities of physiotherapy leaders in Ireland: Part 2. Clinical specialists and advanced physiotherapy practitioners.
CONCLUSION: There are many similarities in the self-reported leadership capabilities of managers and clinical specialists/APPs. However, differences were also noted. Both cohorts of physiotherapy leaders may benefit from specific development programs to develop leadership capabilities associated with the political and symbolic frames. PMID: 29733739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: McGowan E, Elliott N, Stokes E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Development and validation of the Working Alliance Inventory Dutch version for use in rehabilitation setting.
CONCLUSION: Eleven of the 14 hypotheses were not rejected confirming good clinimetric properties of the WAI-ReD. The WAI-ReD can be used in rehabilitation to measure therapeutic alliance. PMID: 29733745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Paap D, Schrier E, Dijkstra PU Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Fullerton Advanced Balance scale in children with cerebral palsy.
Abstract The Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale is a multi-item balance assessment test designed to measure balance in relatively higher functioning individuals. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the FAB in children with cerebral palsy (CP). A total of 40 children with CP participated in this study. The internal consistency of the FAB was performed using the Cronbach alpha coefficient and the test-retest reliability was assessed. To verify the concurrent validity, scores on the FAB were compared with the pediatric balance scale (PBS) using the Spearm...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sim YJ, Kim GM, Yi CH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effectiveness of web-based patient education and action and coping plans as an adjunct to patient treatment in physiotherapy: A randomized controlled trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The study investigated: (1) the effect of combining web-based patient education (WBPE) with action and coping plans on patients' adherence to physiotherapy and their subsequent functional outcomes; and (2) the participants' satisfaction with the WBPE program. METHODS: One hundred and eight participants enrolled in this 8-week two group randomized controlled trial. They were allocated to either the WBPE planning group or the attention-control group. The WBPE group made action and coping plans and were familiarized with their web-based program. The attention control group was given access to...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clark H, Bassett S, Siegert R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Basic Body Awareness Therapy in patients suffering from fibromyalgia: A randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that BBAT might be an effective intervention in patients suffering from fibromyalgia in relation to pain, movement quality, and anxiety. PMID: 29723080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bravo C, Skjaerven LH, Espart A, Guitard Sein-Echaluce L, Catalan-Matamoros D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Re-imagining the role of the physiotherapist when managing people with long-term conditions.
This article aims to discuss the challenges faced by and the opportunities afforded to physiotherapists when caring for people with LTCs. It highlights the complexity of managing people with LTCs and the demands faced by physiotherapists when working within a transitioning healthcare service that necessitates cost-effective yet, sustainable care. It considers ways that interventions can be optimized to not only support individuals with LTCs to improve their quality of life, but live an existence that has meaning and purpose. It also explores health promotion strategies that could be influential in changing the future healt...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hartley SE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Use of a modified treatment-based classification system for subgrouping patients with low back pain: Agreement between telerehabilitation and face-to-face assessments.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that a telerehabilitation assessment using the modified TBC system may be able to direct treatment of patients with acute and subacute LBP. However, challenges still remain in applying this approach to clinical practice. PMID: 29723124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Peterson S, Kuntz C, Roush J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Ethics and sexual health: Exploration of the ethical code of conduct for physiotherapists concerning sexual health in clinical practice.
This article aims to illustrate how the professional ethical code of physiotherapy can serve as a tool for ethical clinical reasoning regarding sexual health in clinical physiotherapy practice. We analyse the ethical codes for physical therapy, in relation to a definition of sexual health and the declaration of sexual rights. The analysis outlines several ethical considerations crucial in dealing with sexual health, while also acknowledging the critical role of cultural context in any ethical analysis. We conclude that physiotherapists need to practise ethical reasoning and that the ethical code of physiotherapy can act as...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Areskoug-Josefsson K, Kjellström S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factor structure of the German version of the pain attitudes and beliefs scale for physiotherapists.
The objective of this study was to replicate the previous validation study on the German PABS-PT. EFA was implemented to reexamine the underlying structure of the scale, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test the fit of the hypothesized two-factor model. Results of the initial validation study were not replicated. EFA indicated that a two-factor solution is an inadequate representation of the PABS-PT data, and CFA showed insufficient fit of the hypothesized two-factor model to the PABS-PT data. Our results indicate a need for caution when using the PABS-PT to measure physiotherapists' orientation toward LB...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Emanuel B, André M, O'Sullivan K, Baldew SS, Wim D, Michel P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Demanding treatment processes in Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapy: From the physiotherapists' perspectives.
en AM Abstract Long-lasting musculoskeletal pain may be understood as the embodiment of bio-psycho-social strain. A combined theoretical perspective of biomedicine, physiotherapy and phenomenology may make these painproblems more comprehensible for the therapist. Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapy is one treatment approach applied on patients with long-lasting musculoskeletal pain. The approach is process-oriented, and can be long-term, complex and demanding. To explore this issue, we employed a multi-stage focus-group phenomenological methodology including five experienced physiotherapists. We found that during ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dragesund T, Øien AM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Views of general practitioners toward physiotherapy management of osteoarthritis-a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: This study found that GPs who were interviewed had a limited understanding on the role of physiotherapists and of clinical guidelines. Interprofessional communication was not as good as it should have been. A reconfiguration of the Sheffield musculoskeletal pathway may help achieve more effective collaborative working and a better outcome for patients. PMID: 29658794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Okwera A, May S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical activity during hospitalization: Activities and preferences of adults versus older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Both older adult and adult patients are physically inactive during hospitalization, and older adult patients express a greater need for additional information regarding physical activity after hospitalization than adult patients. Therefore, personalized strategies that inform and motivate patients to resume physical activities during hospitalization are needed regardless of age. PMID: 29658797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Meesters J, Conijn D, Vermeulen HM, Vliet Vlieland T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The validity and reliability of the ADL-Glittre test for children.
CONCLUSION: The TGlittre-P proved to be a valid and reliable assessment of the functional capacity of healthy children aged 6 to 14 years. PMID: 29658799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Martins R, Assumpção MS, Bobbio TG, Mayer AF, Schivinski C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Kinematic upper extremity performance in people with near or fully recovered sensorimotor function after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants with near or fully recovered sensorimotor function after stroke still show deficits in movement kinematics; however, the FMA-UE may not be able to detect these impairments. PMID: 29658813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Thrane G, Sunnerhagen KS, Persson HC, Opheim A, Alt Murphy M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effectiveness of translational manipulation under interscalene block for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: A nonrandomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: Physical therapy consisting of manual therapy and exercise provides benefit for patients with AC. Translational manipulation under local block may be a useful adjunct to manual therapy and exercise for patients with AC. PMID: 29658838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rendeiro DG, Deyle GD, Gill NW, Majkowski GR, Lee IE, Jensen DA, Wainner RS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cross-cultural validation of a Brazilian version of the adapted manual wheelchair circuit (AMWC-Brazil).
CONCLUSION: The AMWC was successfully translated to the Brazilian-Portuguese (AMWC-Brazil) and presented high and satisfactory construct validity. PMID: 29659301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ribeiro Neto F, Costa RRG, Lopes ACG, Carregaro RL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Activity training on the ground in children with cerebral palsy: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence shows little effect of activity training on the ground on activity or participation in children with cerebral palsy, suggesting that rigorous trials with larger samples and larger "dosage" of activity training on the ground are needed in the future. PMID: 29659303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bania T, Chiu HC, Billis E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical activity levels and self-determined motivation among future healthcare professionals: Utility of the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2).
CONCLUSIONS: This HCP cohort were found to be active and intrinsically motivated to exercise. The BREQ-2 was shown to be a valid and reliable tool with strong subscale internal consistency. PMID: 29659306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mahony R, Blake C, Matthews J, Donnoghue GO, Cunningham C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The evaluation of non-use of the upper limb in chronic hemiparesis is influenced by the level of motor impairment and difficulty of the activities-proposal of a new version of the Motor Activity Log.
This study aims to evaluate the influence of the degree of difficulty of the activities in Motor Activity Log (MAL) scores for patients with mild, moderate, and severe hemiparesis, and to estimate the correlation between motor impairment levels of hemiparesis and MAL scores in post-stroke patients. Sixty-six patients with chronic hemiparesis (49 with mild-moderate hemiparesis, and 17 with severe hemiparesis) were evaluated by the Fugl-Meyer upper-limb section and versions of MAL for different degrees of motor impairment. The Rasch model was used to analyze the level of difficulty of the activities of the different versions...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Silva ESM, Pereira ND, Gianlorenço ACL, Camargo PR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Peak expiratory flow in obese subjects in different positions.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the peak expiratory flow (PEF) in obese subjects in standing (ST), seated (SE), supine (SU), prone (PR), and right and left lateral decubitus (RL and LL) positions. METHODS: 36 obese volunteers, aged between 18 and 54 years, and nonsmokers, were evaluated by anthropometric data; spirometry; international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ); and PEF in ST, SE, SU, PR, RL, and LL positions, randomly. RESULTS: The mean age was 27.3 ± 7.4 years and BMI of 38.7 ± 3.2 kg/m2; IPAQ results: active (50%), irregularly active (25%), ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nascimento JP, Perossi L, Holtz M, Baddini-Martinez JA, De Souza HCD, Gastaldi AC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research