Hyperkyphosis and back pain are not associated with prevalent vertebral fractures in women with osteoporosis.
In conclusion, these data suggest that prevalent VFs are not significantly associated with kyphosis or chronic back pain, in patients with manifest spinal osteoporosis. PMID: 25495768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 11, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ribom EL, Kindmark A, Ljunggren O Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial comparing pulsed ultrasound and erythromycin phonophoresis in the treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.
Abstract Abstract Therapeutic ultrasound, an important physiotherapy modality, has been used successfully in the treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). No study has compared pulsed ultrasound (PUS) with erythromycin phonophoresis (EP). The aim of this randomized, double-blind, parallel group study with concealed allocation was to compare PUS with EP. Sixty CRS patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Group 1 had PUS and Group 2 had EP. Patients were treated 3 days a week for 10 sessions over 4 weeks. The severity of nine CRS symptoms was self-rated by patients on an ordinal scale of 0-3 ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 11, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ansari NN, Naghdi S, Fathali M, Bartley J, Rastak MS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Pain Neuroscience Education and dry needling on chronic elbow pain as a result of cyberchondria: a case report.
Abstract Abstract This case report describes a 31-year-old male who presented with complaints of chronic pain in his right elbow. Detailed subjective examination revealed that the patient had searched Google for extensive online information relating to his pain, ultimately self-labeling with various diagnoses. After researching in YouTube, the patient self-treated with ice, exercises, neural mobilization, self-massage and taping, all resulting in a failed outcome. Clinical findings revealed trigger points in his right brachioradialis muscle with added symptoms of central pain. This is a potential first-time descri...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 9, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Embodiment and self in reorientation to everyday life following severe traumatic brain injury.
Abstract Abstract People with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) are often young and need long-term follow-up as many suffer complex motor, sensory, perceptual and cognitive impairments. This paper aims to introduce phenomenological notions of embodiment and self as a framework to help understand how people with sTBI experience reorientation to everyday life, and to inform clinical practice in neurological physiotherapy. The impairments caused by the sTBI may lead to a sense of alienation of ones own body and changes in operative intentionality and in turn disrupt the reorganization of self, identity, everyday l...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sivertsen M, Normann B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of the Swedish version of the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (S-ESES): a test-retest study in adults with neurological disease.
Conclusion: The S-ESES is recommended for use in research and in clinical work for people with neurological diseases. The low-absolute reliability, however, indicates a limited ability to measure changes on an individual level. PMID: 25418018 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 24, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ahlström I, Hellström K, Emtner M, Anens E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Examination of the use of a dual-channel functional electrical stimulation system on gait, balance and balance confidence of an adult with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this case report is to determine the effects of a dual-channel functional electrical stimulation (FES) system on gait and balance of a 57-year-old male diagnosed with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Outcome measures included the: Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC); Dynamic Gait Index (DGI); Observational Gait Scale (OGS) and Tinetti Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA). Assessments were completed with and without use of FES during the initial examination and after two, four and six weeks of intervention with FES. ABC Scale scores improved from 32.8 ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Robinson BS, Williamson EM, Cook JL, Harrison KS, Lord EM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy departments in Australian tertiary hospitals regularly participate in and disseminate research results despite a lack of allocated staff: a prospective cross-sectional survey.
Conclusions: This is the first study to report on research activity in hospital-based Australian physiotherapy departments. Few sites allocate staff to conduct or support research. Despite this, physiotherapy departments regularly publish and present research results. Future studies could investigate how hospital-based physiotherapy departments can optimize research culture and output. PMID: 25412563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Skinner EH, Hough J, Wang YT, Hough CR, Southby A, Snowdon DA, Sturgess T, Haines TP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Management of a patient with patellofemoral pain syndrome using neuromuscular training in decreasing medial collapse: a case report.
Discussion and evidence-based recommendations: The clinical assessment of medial collapse utilized was novel, and a successful outcome with minimal visits was achieved for a patient with PFPS. Further research to establish the reliability and validity of the 2D evaluation method of medial collapse and optimum alignment training for patients with PFPS is necessary. PMID: 25412564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yemm B, A Krause D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Focus group insights assist trial design for stroke telerehabilitation: a qualitative study.
The objective of the study was to draw on the insights of people with stroke to assist in the development of a telerehabilitation program, using easily accessible technology to deliver an intervention. A qualitative study was conducted with four focus groups of people who were at least 12 months post-stroke and who had completed their rehabilitation. All focus groups were conducted in community facilities and used a semi-structured approach. Fifteen people took part in the focus groups. Three main themes emerged from the data in response to questions about use of technology and important aspects of physiotherapy. The first...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 18, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Saywell N, Taylor D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Immediate effects of high-speed cycling intervals on bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease.
Abstract Abstract There is growing evidence that speed-based exercise training benefits people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The present study investigates the effects of a single session of volitional, high-speed cycling intervals on a battery of timed functional tests selected for their relevance to the symptom of bradykinesia. Ten subjects with PD (Hoehn-Yahr stage ≤ 3.0) participated in a familiarization session and three test sessions. Functional testing occurred before and after 30 minute sessions in which subjects performed no exercise (NO), pedaled at their preferred cadence (PC), or perf...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 27, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Uygur M, Bellumori M, LeNoir K, Poole K, Pretzer-Aboff I, Knight CA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) combined with neurodynamics in the management of a patient with cervical radiculopathy: a case report.
Abstract Abstract This case report describes a 47-year-old female who presented with complaints of pain in the right elbow radiating down to the thumb. Physical examination revealed symptom reproduction with Spurling A test, upper limb neurodynamic testing-1 and right cervical rotation along with reduced symptoms with neck distraction. Clinical diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy (CR) was made based on a clinical prediction rule. This case report speculates a potentially first-time description of successful conservative management of CR in a patient utilizing simultaneous combination of sustained natural apophysea...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 20, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparing core stability and general exercise on chronic low back pain patients using three functional lumbopelvic stability tests.
Abstract Abstract It is a matter of controversy whether core stability exercise is preferred to other types of exercise for chronic low back pain. Lumbopelvic stability is an important element in low back pain. No study was found using lumbopelvic stability tests in comparing core stability and other exercises. The single leg squat, dip test, and runner pose test appear to be suitable as tests for lumbopelvic stability. The aim of this study was to compare "core stability" and "traditional trunk exercise" using these tests and also the Oswestry disability questionnaire and pain intensity. Twent...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 15, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Shamsi M, Sarrafzadeh J, Jamshidi A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manuscript Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 25286192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 6, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Is a sphygmomanometer a valid and reliable tool to measure the isometric strength of hip muscles? A systematic review.
Conclusion: The sphygmomanometer appears to be reliable for assessment of isometric muscle strength around the hip joint, but further research is warranted to establish its validity. PMID: 25286193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 6, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Toohey LA, De Noronha M, Taylor C, Thomas J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The mechanical effect of kinesiology tape on rounded shoulder posture in seated male workers: a single-blinded randomized controlled pilot study.
Conclusion: RST using kinesiology tape with stretch produces immediate mechanical correction of RSP in seated male workers. PMID: 25264014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 29, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Han JT, Lee JH, Yoon CH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of measurements of hip abduction strength obtained with a hand-held dynamometer.
This study aimed to evaluate intrarater and interrater reliability when measuring hip abductor strength in the supine position using a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) (Study 1), and to elucidate the relationships between measured values and examiners' physical characteristics (Study 2). Three healthy examiners (1 female, 24 y.o. and 2 males 23 and 27 y.o) and 12 subjects (6 females, 24.5 ± 2.8 years and 6 males, 27.7 ± 3.5 years) participated in Study 1, and 20 healthy examiners (7 females, 22.3 ± 1.3 years and 13 males, 29.4 ± 8.2 years) and 2...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 29, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ieiri A, Tushima E, Ishida K, Inoue M, Kanno T, Masuda T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effectiveness of mobilization therapy and exercises in mechanical neck pain.
Conclusion: Our results showed that manual therapy interventions were no better than supervised exercises in reducing pain, improving ROM and neck disability. PMID: 25264016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 29, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ganesh GS, Mohanty P, Pattnaik M, Mishra C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Modified Rivermead Mobility Index: a reliable measure in people within 14 days post-stroke.
Conclusion: The MRMI is a reliable measure of physical mobility in the early post-stroke phase. PMID: 25238211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 19, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rådman L, Forsberg A, Nilsagård Y Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of sagittal plane hip, knee, and ankle joint angles from a single frame of video data using the GAITRite camera system.
This study included thirty-two healthy participants age 20-59, stratified by age and gender. Participants performed three successful walks with and without markers applied to anatomical landmarks. GAITRite software was used to digitize sagittal hip, knee, and ankle angles at two phases of gait: (1) initial contact; and (2) mid-stance. Intra-rater reliability was more consistent for the experienced physical therapist, regardless of joint or phase of gait. Intra-session reliability was variable, the experienced physical therapist showed moderate to high reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 18, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ross SA, Rice C, Von Behren K, Meyer A, Alexander R, Murfin S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects on training and detraining on physical function, control of diabetes and anthropometrics in type 2 diabetes; a randomized controlled trial.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of circuit exercise training and detraining, which is defined by termination of training without additional physical activities, in type 2 diabetic patients. Elderly with type 2 diabetes were divided into a group that exercised for 1 h three times a week for 12 weeks, followed by detraining for 8 weeks, or into a control group. Muscular strength, endurance, flexibility, agility, balance, body mass index (BMI), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and blood lipid profile were measured. Of the 98 diabetic participants who joined this study,...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 18, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Park SY, Lee IH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability of hand-held dynamometry for strength assessment during electrically induced muscle contractions.
Conclusion: Our results confirm previous findings indicating good to excellent reliability of quadriceps femoris muscle MVIC assessment with a HHD. However, a high 95% repeatability range indicates the HHD is not sufficiently reliable as an indicator of the force level attained during electrically induced contractions. Other methods need to be investigated to assist in determining whether MEIC have reached therapeutic levels. PMID: 25221851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 15, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kodesh E, Laufer Y Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An integrated approach to the examination and treatment of a patient with chronic low back pain.
Discussion: Symptomatic response to active movement, observations of quality of movement and joint mobility assessment were key factors in directing a therapeutic program that was successful in helping the patient meet his treatment goals. PMID: 25152958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Spoto MM, Dixon G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Curing and caring competences in the skills training of physiotherapy students.
This article explores the significance of curing and caring competences in physiotherapy education, as well as how curing and caring competences intersect within the professional training of physiotherapy students. The empirical data include participant observations and interviews with students attending skills training in the first year of a bachelor's degree program in Norway. Curing and caring are conceptualized as gender-coded competences. That is, curing and caring are viewed as historical and cultural constructions of masculinities and femininities within the physiotherapy profession, as well as performative actions....
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 20, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dahl-Michelsen T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of Trunk Control Test in patients with neuromuscular diseases.
Conclusion: Our results confirm that the TCT is an easy, reliable and valid instrument for the measurement of trunk performance in ambulatory NMD patients. PMID: 25096157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 6, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Parlak Demir Y, Yıldırım SA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy for correcting postural and coordination deficits in patients with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to test the effects of a conventional exercise program designed for correcting postural and coordination abnormalities in patients with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using principles of motor learning applied to functional exercise training, exercises were performed while lying, sitting, standing and walking, with the goal of improving intra- and inter-limb coordination in the upper and lower extremities, postural stability and gait pattern. Twenty-two participants with TBI-related deficits received therapy in a supervised outpatient clinic. Therapy ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 1, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ustinova KI, Chernikova LA, Dull A, Perkins J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of respiratory muscles activity and exercise capacity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis and healthy individuals.
Conclusions: Scoliosis causes respiratory muscle weakness and reduced fatigue duration in response to mild physical activity compared with healthy subjects and these dysfunctions appear to be related to the severity of scoliosis curvature (moderate> mild). PMID: 25051355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 22, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mohammadi P, Akbari M, Sarrafzadeh J, Moradi Z Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy as a disciplinary institution in modern society - a Foucauldian perspective on physiotherapy in Danish private practice.
This study consisted of 21 interviews with physiotherapists employed in private practice and observation notes of the clinic. Interviews and observation notes were analyzed through the lens of Foucault's concepts of discipline, self-discipline, power and resistance. Three categories were constructed: (1) the tacit transition from person to patient; (2) the art of producing docile bodies; and (3) the inhibition of freedom of action by practicing in private homes. From a Foucauldian perspective, private physiotherapeutic practices have a disciplinary function in modern society as the physiotherapists produce docile bodies th...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 8, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Praestegaard J, Gard G, Glasdam S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy in Primary Care Triage - the effects on utilization of medical services at primary health care clinics by patients and sub-groups of patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a case-control study.
Conclusions: The reduced utilization of medical services by patients with MSD who were triaged to physiotherapists at a PHCC is likely due to altered management of MSD with initial assessment by physiotherapists. PMID: 24988315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 2, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bornhöft L, Larsson ME, Thorn J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapists supporting self-management through health coaching: a mixed methods program evaluation.
Conclusions: This study established that a group program in support of CDSM founded on a HC approach demonstrated potential value from participants as well as favorable outcomes. A pragmatic randomized control trial is required to determine efficacy of this intervention. PMID: 24983454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 1, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dufour SP, Graham S, Friesen J, Rosenblat M, Rous C, Richardson J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Arts, literature and reflective writing as educational strategies to promote narrative reasoning capabilities among physiotherapy students.
Conclusions: Final year physiotherapy students reported enhanced skills of narrative reasoning. The findings support the inclusion of these strategies within the undergraduate physiotherapy curricula. PMID: 24959969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 24, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Caeiro C, Cruz EB, Pereira CM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability of the Leeds Movement Performance Index (LMPI): a new tool for neurological physiotherapy.
Conclusions: Results indicate that the LMPI is a reliable measurement tool when used by senior neurological physiotherapists. PMID: 24955787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 23, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ross DH, McCluskey S, Fletcher-Cook P, Stephenson J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An application of the health action process approach to physiotherapy rehabilitation adherence.
This study tested the utility of an extended version of the health action process approach (HAPA) to explain the attitudinal and behavioural processes contributing to rehabilitation adherence and ultimately rehabilitation outcomes in physiotherapy patients. The HAPA focuses on self-efficacy, action and coping planning and their relationships to behavioural intentions and actual behaviour. A one group prospective design was employed in which 20 participants with soft tissue injuries of the shoulder were followed for the first four weeks of their clinic- and home-based physiotherapy. Participants enrolled in the study after ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 29, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clark H, Bassett S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Therapeutic neuroscience education via e-mail: a case report.
Abstract Abstract Therapeutic neuroscience education (TNE) aims to alter a patient's thoughts and beliefs about pain and has shown efficacy in treating chronic pain. To date, TNE sessions mainly consist of one-on-one verbal communication. This approach limits availability of TNE to pain patients in remote areas. A 32-year-old patient with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who underwent surgery for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) attended a single clinic one-on-one TNE session followed by TNE via electronic mail (e-mail), pacing and graded exposure over a 4-month period. A physical examination, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS)...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 29, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Undergraduate physiotherapy students' competencies, attitudes and perceptions after integrated educational pathways in evidence-based practice: a mixed methods study.
Abstract Abstract This mixed methods study aimed to explore perceptions/attitudes, to evaluate knowledge/ skills, to investigate clinical behaviours of undergraduate physiotherapy students exposed to a composite education curriculum on evidence-based practice (EBP). Students' knowledge and skills were assessed before and after integrated learning activities, using the Adapted Fresno test, whereas their behaviour in EBP was evaluated by examining their internship documentation. Students' perceptions and attitudes were explored through four focus groups. Sixty-two students agreed to participate in the study. The wit...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bozzolan M, Simoni G, Balboni M, Fiorini F, Bombardi S, Bertin N, Da Roit M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Does verbal encouragement actually improve performance in the 6-minute walk test?
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance in the 6-minute walk test (6 MWT) of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by comparing to a group of healthy elderly patients, performed with and without verbal encouragement. This cross-sectional study compared 40 patients with COPD (forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1%) = 53.7 ± 23.8%; forced vital capacity (FVC%) = 65.5 ± 20.8%; and the FEV1/FVC ratio = 55.4 ± 12.4) and 40 healthy e...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Marinho PE, Raposo MC, Dean E, Guerra RO, Dornelas de Andrade A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of bilateral step-up and -down training on motor function in a person with hemiparesis: a case report.
Abstract Abstract Gait training to facilitate the use of the paretic limb for persons with hemiparesis continues to be of interest to those in the clinical research domain. The purpose of this case report was to assess the outcomes of a repeated step-up and -down treatment, initiating with the paretic limb, on functional mobility, endurance and gait kinematic parameters in a person with hemiparesis. The participant was an 85-year-old female 3 years status post left hemiparesis, who reported overall good health. The participant was asked to step up on a 1-inch height wood box with her paretic limb. Once both feet w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 3, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ko M, Hilgenberg S, Hasson SM, Braden HJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on joint position sense in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis.
Abstract Abstract Objective: To study the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on joint position sense (JPS) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) subjects. Methods: Thirty subjects with knee OA (40-60 years old) using non-random sampling participated in this study. In order to evaluate the absolute error of repositioning of the knee joint, Qualysis Track Manager system was used and sensory electrical stimulation was applied through the TENS device. Results: The mean errors in repositioning of the joint, in two position of the knee joint with 20 and 60 degree angle, after applying the TENS was signi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 3, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Shirazi ZR, Shafaee R, Abbasi L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Influence of posture on the ventilatory pattern and the thoraco-abdominal kinematics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Marinho PE Abstract Abstract Objective: Evaluate the influence of posture on ventilatory pattern, compartmental distribution of volume of chest wall and thoraco-abdominal kinematics of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Twelve, male patients with severe COPD (Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1) = 24.35 ± 4.52%, Forced Vital Capacity% (FVC%) = 60 ± 13.39% and relationship FEV1/FVC = 53.42 ± 14.47). The distribution of the vo...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cavalcanti AG, Rattes Lima CS, Barros de Sá R, Reinaux CM, Braz Júnior DS, Teixeira AL, Dornelas de Andrade A, Marinho PE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measurement properties of existing clinical assessment methods evaluating scapular positioning and function. A systematic review.
ard K Abstract Abstract The aims were to compile a schematic overview of clinical scapular assessment methods and critically appraise the methodological quality of the involved studies. A systematic, computer-assisted literature search using Medline, CINAHL, SportDiscus and EMBASE was performed from inception to October 2013. Reference lists in articles were also screened for publications. From 50 articles, 54 method names were identified and categorized into three groups: (1) Static positioning assessment (n = 19); (2) Semi-dynamic (n = 13); and (3) Dynamic functional assessment (n&thi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Larsen CM, Juul-Kristensen B, Lund H, Søgaard K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of changes in supraspinatus muscle thickness in persons with subacromial impingement syndrome and asymptomatic adults.
Abstract Abstract Purpose: To compare changes in supraspinatus muscle thickness in persons with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) and asymptomatic adults and to determine the reliability of the ultrasound imaging (USI) protocol. Subjects: Twenty-two persons with SAIS and 22 age- and gender-matched asymptomatic controls. Methods: Ultrasound images of supraspinatus muscle thickness at rest and at 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of arm elevation were captured and measured. To determine same-day intratester reliability, one examiner imaged the same subject twice and two examiners took turns capturing image...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Blume C, Wang SS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy clinic therapeutic ultrasound equipment as a source for bacterial contamination.
This study demonstrates the need for better cleaning and storage protocols for US heads and gel bottles in PT clinics. PMID: 24678757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Spratt HG, Levine D, Tillman L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manual therapy in the treatment of ankle hemophilic arthropathy. A randomized pilot study.
pez-Pina JA Abstract Abstract Purpose: Although physiotherapy has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing ankle arthropathy compared to prophylaxis treatment from early ages, there have been no conclusive studies examining physiotherapy intervention once hemophilic arthropathy of the ankle has been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two physiotherapy interventions, in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of the ankle that had not been operated on previously. Method: Nine patients with hemophilia (mean age of 35.7 SD 11.9 years) were randomized to a mobilization group (n&thinsp...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cuesta-Barriuso R, Gómez-Conesa A, López-Pina JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The ambiguity of standing in standing devices: a qualitative interview study concerning children and parents experiences of the use of standing devices.
Conclusions: There is an inherent duality related to the use of a standing device. Standing in a standing device was seen as a treatment of body structures and functions, as well as a possible source of pain. Standing was considered to influence freedom in activities and participation both positively and negatively. The parents experienced that standing influenced other peoples' views of their child, while the children experienced standing as a way to extend the body and as something that gave them benefits in some activities. Physiotherapists working with children should take into account both the social and physical dime...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 27, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nordström B, Näslund A, Ekenberg L, Zingmark K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Criterion validity, reliability and clinical responsiveness of the CareConnections Functional Index.
This study established the criterion validity, test-retest reliability and responsiveness of the CareConnections Functional Index (CCFI). The CCFI is composed of four body-region specific subscales, measuring functional ability. Reference standards included the Neck Disability Index; Modified Oswestry Disability Index; Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale. One hundred subjects per body region were enrolled. Subject's rated their perceived improvement based on the 15-point Global Rating of Change questionnaire. Minimal clinically important differences (MCID) were calculat...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hoekstra CJ, Deppeler DA, Rutt RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Concurrent validity and reliability of the Simple Goniometer iPhone app compared with the Universal Goniometer.
Conclusion: The measurements from the SG iPhone® app were reliable and possessed concurrent validity for this sample and protocol when compared to the UG. PMID: 24666408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jones A, Sealey R, Crowe M, Gordon S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The validity of using an electrocutaneous device for pain assessment in patients with cervical radiculopathy.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and preference for assessing pain magnitude with electrocutaneous testing (ECT) compared to the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Borg CR10 scale in men and women with cervical radiculopathy of varying sensory phenotypes. An additional purpose was to investigate ECT sensory and pain thresholds in men and women with cervical radiculopathy of varying sensory phenotypes. This is a cross-sectional study of 34 patients with cervical radiculopathy. Scatterplots and linear regression were used to investigate bivariate relationships between ECT, VAS an...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Abbott A, Ghasemi-Kafash E, Dedering A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of goniometric iPhone applications for the assessment of active shoulder external rotation.
Conclusion: Both applications were found to be reliable and comparable to SG. A photo-based application potentially offers a superior method of measurement as visualizing the landmarks may be simplified in this format and it provides a record of measurement. Clinical relevance: Further study using patient populations may find the two studied applications are useful as an adjunct for clinical practice. PMID: 24654927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mitchell K, Gutierrez SB, Sutton S, Morton S, Morgenthaler A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Vascular disorder in a competitive cyclist: a case report.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this case report was to alert the physical therapist (PT) to the possibility of vascular disorders in endurance athletes with apparent musculoskeletal symptoms. A 33-year-old female injured her knee in a fall and described a history of progressive unilateral lower extremity (LE) pain and weakness, especially with running and cycling. She received LE stretching and strengthening but her symptoms persisted, so she stopped all activity. When she became symptomatic with minimal exertion, she went to a neurologist, but electromyographic (EMG)/nerve conduction velocity (NCV) studies were...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 12, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clifft JK, Coleman FA, Malone CB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Efficacy of kinesio taping on isokinetic quadriceps torque in knee osteoarthritis: a double blinded randomized controlled study.
Conclusion: Application of therapeutic KT is effective in improving isokinetic quadriceps torque, SSCT and reducing pain in knee osteoarthritis. PMID: 24617598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 11, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S, Sudarshan S, Nagpal P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Recognition and management of BPPV for an elderly female patient referred for low back pain: a resident's case study.
Abstract Abstract Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is common among older adults and frequently misdiagnosed or unidentified. Undiagnosed BPPV has been associated with depression, falls and ADL limitations. This case study describes the diagnostic process and management of BPPV for a 65-year-old patient with a primary complaint of chronic low back pain (LBP) in an outpatient orthopedic physical therapy setting. Following routine screening performed on initial evaluation, the patient was educated about examination findings that indicated the potential for BPPV and given the option to proceed with further ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 6, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Massey BJ, Osborne R, Beneciuk JM, Rowe RH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research