Incentive spirometry and positive expiratory pressure improve ventilation and recruitment in postoperative recovery: A randomized crossover study.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Impairment of global and regional pulmonary ventilations is a well-known consequence of general anesthesia. Positive expiratory pressure (PEP) or incentive spirometry (IS) is commonly prescribed, albeit their efficacy is poorly demonstrated. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of PEP and IS on lung ventilation and recruitment in patients after surgery involving anesthesia using electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHOD: Ten male subjects (age = 61.2 ± 16.3 years; BMI = 25.3 ± 3.8 kg/m2), free of pulmonary di...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Reychler G, Uribe Rodriguez V, Hickmann CE, Tombal B, Laterre PF, Feyaerts A, Roeseler J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A manual physical therapy intervention for symptoms of knee osteoarthritis and associated fall risk: A case series of four patients.
DISCUSSION: We identified potential connections between symptom relief in patients with knee OA, stumble response, and ultimately fall risk. The results suggest that MPT intervention designed to improve the signs and symptoms of knee OA may lead to a secondary benefit of improved gait stability and stumble response. PMID: 29482395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Allen C, Sheehan R, Deyle G, Wilken J, Gill N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Consensus on core phenomena and statements describing Basic Body Awareness Therapy within the movement awareness domain in physiotherapy.
This study provides a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. The data reveal phenomena implemented when promoting movement quality through movement awareness. Data provide clarity in some aspects of the vocabulary as fundamental theory. Further reearch will be developed. PMID: 29482403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lh S, M M, D CM, A P, G G, Al G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Ultrasound measurement of abdominal muscles during clinical isometric endurance tests in women with and without low back pain.
CONCLUSIONS: An altered activation pattern in the deep (TrA) and superficial (EO) muscles of LBP participants during fatigue stage of the SDSLR test as compared to controls indicates motor control dysfunction in the LBP group. Comparison of the activity of TrA and EO muscles during fatigue stage of SDSLR test can be used to assess alterations in motor control of abdominal muscles. PMID: 29482405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: ShahAli S, Arab AM, Ebrahimi E, ShahAli S, Rahmani N, Negahban H, Kazemnejad A, Bahmani A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The use of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS): case series.
Abstract Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent among men over the age of 40. Even though associations between lumbar spine conditions and LUTS have been documented in the literature, no studies have detailed a specific lumbar assessment and classification process, and the related treatment effects in patients with LUTS. In this case series, we present three male patients with LUTS as primary complaints, who were evaluated and treated with Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) for the lumbar spine. The duration of their symptoms was between 4 months and 7 years. Urogenital pathologies were ruled...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wu D, Rosedale R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and responsiveness of a goniometric device for measuring the range of motion in the dart-throwing motion plane.
CONCLUSION: The ROM of the wrist in the DTM plane was measured with fair-to-good reliability and responsiveness and, therefore, has the potential to become an evaluation tool for rehabilitation. PMID: 29482407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kasubuchi K, Dohi Y, Fujita H, Fukumoto T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of two-point discrimination test in carpal tunnel syndrome patients.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability (intra and inter) of two-point discrimination (2PD) test in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six adults with unilateral right hand CTS. METHODS: Two examiners performed measurements of 2PD sensation (using Dellon discriminator) on the first three fingers on both hands. The first examiner performed three series of measurements at 1-minute intervals. After 7 days, measurements were repeated by the same examiner (intra-rater). For inter-rater reliability, the examination (by second examiner) was also repeated after 7 days....
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wolny T, Linek P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Whole body vibration improves maximum voluntary isometric contraction of knee extensors in patients with chronic kidney disease: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: WBV training improves MVIC of knee extensors in patients with CKD on HD in the interdialytic period. WBV training could be considered in the management of patients with CKD. PMID: 29482412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fuzari HK, Dornelas de Andrade A, A Rodrigues M, I Medeiros A, F Pessoa M, Lima AM, Cerqueira MS, Marinho PE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Antigravity treadmill training during the early rehabilitation phase following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A case series.
Abstract Patients who have undergone unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) have been reported to exhibit altered gait 19-25 months post-surgery. The most common gait impairment in this population is inadequate knee flexion and a corresponding decrease in the knee extensor moment during loading response (i.e., quadriceps avoidance). The purpose of this case series was to determine whether incorporation of antigravity treadmill training into a standard physical therapy program can eliminate quadriceps avoidance gait during the early rehabilitation phase following UKA. Four females who underwent UKA were recr...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Huang CH, Schroeder ET, Powers C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of individualized physical rehabilitation programs on respiratory function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome.
This study demonstrated that most of the respiratory function parameters increased significantly in both groups over the year of exercise training. After the year of training the individualized physical rehabilitation program for the EG was significantly better (p 
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Odinets T, Briskin Y, Pityn M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy for nocturnal lower limb cramping: A case report.
DISCUSSION: While her cramping and resulting pain improved, perceived participation restrictions persisted. Lack of improvement in the participation measure may have been related to the lack of a structured biopsychosocial approach to the rehabilitation process. PMID: 29482418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Andrews AW, Pine R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Thermal and mechanical pain sensitization in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess sensitization using quantitative sensory testing in mechanical and thermal modes in individuals with and without osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Pain thresholds were correlated with functionality, symptoms of depression and intensity of pain. METHODS: Thirty control volunteers and 30 patients with OA of the knee were assessed. Punctate pain thresholds using Von Frey filaments and thermal pain thresholds using a Thermal Sensory Analyzer were evaluated in the periarticular region of the knee and forearm. Using a digital pressure algometer, pressure pain thresholds were...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bevilaqua-Grossi D, Zanin M, Benedetti C, Florencio L, Oliveira A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Topical lotions utilized in outpatient rehabilitation clinics as a potential source of bacterial contamination.
Abstract Soft tissue mobilization and massage requiring lotions or creams are commonly used interventions in outpatient rehabilitation clinics. For at least 50 years hand creams used in healthcare settings have been found to be contaminated by bacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the current state of bacterial contamination of lotions used in clinics and to determine the efficacy of lotion preservatives to kill bacteria. Unopened containers of lotions were studied, along with 81 lotion containers used in 22 outpatient clinics in southeast Tennessee and northwest Georgia. Three sites on each co...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Spratt HG, Levine D, Bage J, Giles DK, Collier AG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An 8-week scapular stabilization exercise program in an elite archer with scapular dyskinesis presenting joint noise: A case report with one-year follow-up.
Abstract This case report demonstrates the effects of a scapular stabilization exercise program for managing the clinical symptoms of scapular dyskinesis in an archer presenting joint noise during shoulder movement. A 31-year-old man with a 20-year career in archery who complained of scapular dyskinesis and joint noise during shoulder movement was referred for proper management. The player performed the scapular stabilization exercise program, with an emphasis on strengthening scapular stabilizers and neutralization of scapular position, for 40 min, three times per week for 8 weeks (a total of 24 session...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kim JT, Kim SY, Oh DW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Beyond supervised learning: A multi-perspective approach to outpatient physical therapy mentoring.
CONCLUSIONS: This study captured multiple perspectives as to the components of interest in development of a formalized mentoring program for novice therapists in the outpatient setting. As the profession continues to emphasize standards for guided learning, steps must be taken by individual employers to promote and facilitate the most effective practices. Findings provide depth and suggestions for developing an outpatient-mentoring program. PMID: 29474099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Buning MM, Buning SW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cervical myelopathy causing numbness and paresthesias in lower extremities: A case report identifying the cause of a false positive Sharp-Purser test.
DISCUSSION: A large disc herniation causing central canal stenosis could underpin a false positive SPT. Special tests should always be used with caution, as they can lead to inaccurate diagnoses if there is a false positive. PMID: 29474100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mansfield CJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Efficacy of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation compared to other stretching modalities in range of motion gain in young healthy adults: A systematic review.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on range of motion (ROM) gain in young healthy adults. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized trials, including young healthy adults. The interventions were: PNF compared with different PNF techniques, control, other muscle stretching exercises and musculoskeletal manipulations. The outcome measures were: articular ROM and adverse effects. The final number of included studies was 46, involving 1,864 adults. There was difference on ROM comparing assisted hold-relax (HR) o...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wanderley D, Lemos A, Moretti E, Barros MMMB, Valença MM, de Oliveira DA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Recovering from provoked vestibulodynia: Experiences from encounters with somatocognitive therapy.
d GK Abstract Although provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) represents a significant challenge for many young women in the Western world, little is known about how these women experience therapeutic efforts. The aim of this paper is to enhance our knowledge of the way that the therapeutic process is experienced by women with PVD undergoing somatocognitive therapy (SCT). The study enhances insight into this recently developed therapy through a detailed description of the physiotherapy approach. The empirical data are based on interviews with six women who participated in SCT. The empirical data analysis is guided by thema...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Danielsen KG, Dahl-Michelsen T, Håkonsen E, Haugstad GK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Perspectives of Dutch Physiotherapists on Self-Management Support: A Q-Methodology Study.
Abstract Self-management support programs are reported to have positive effects on the health and care of people with physical disabilities. It is unclear how physiotherapists (PTs) view self-management support. A cross-sectional study with mixed-methods design using Q-methodology was conducted to determine the perspectives of Dutch PTs on self-management support. PTs (n = 39) rank-ordered 37 validated statements about self-management support from "most disagree (-3)" to "most agree (+3)." Differences in perspectives on self-management support were explored in a by-person centroid fac...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Van Wely L, Boiten JC, Verhoef J, Eijckelhof BH, Van Hooft SM, Van Staa A, Roelofs PD Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Neighborhood environmental factors are related to health-enhancing physical activity and walking among community dwelling older adults in Nigeria.
CONCLUSIONS: Six of eight supportive environmental factors were associated with more physical activity among community dwelling older Nigerian adults. Policy makers including physiotherapists in this role can use the evidence to inform community-based physical activity and health promotion programs for older adults in Nigeria. PMID: 29474106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Oyeyemi AL, Kolo SM, Oyeyemi AY, Omotara BA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of dry needling on radial tunnel syndrome: A case report.
Abstract This case report describes a 45-year-old male who presented with chronic right lateral elbow pain managed unsuccessfully with conservative treatment that included anti-inflammatory medication, injection, massage, exercise, bracing, taping, electro-physical agents, and manual therapy. Diagnosis of radial tunnel syndrome (RTS) was based on palpatory findings, range of motion testing, resisted isometrics, and a positive upper limb neural tension test 2b (radial nerve bias). Conventionally, the intervention for this entrapment has been surgical decompression, with successful outcomes. This is potentially a fi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability, validity and minimal detectable change of the Mini-BESTest in Greek participants with chronic stroke.
This study aimed to investigate the psychometric characteristics of reliability, validity and ability to detect change of a newly developed balance assessment tool, the Mini-BESTest, in Greek patients with stroke. DESIGN: A prospective, observational design study with test-retest measures was conducted. METHODS: A convenience sample of 21 Greek patients with chronic stroke (14 male, 7 female; age of 63 ± 16 years) was recruited. Two independent examiners administered the scale, for the inter-rater reliability, twice within 10 days for the test-retest reliability. Bland Altman Analysis f...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lampropoulou SI, Billis E, Gedikoglou IA, Michailidou C, Nowicky AV, Skrinou D, Michailidi F, Chandrinou D, Meligoni M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of gait training with non-paretic knee immobilization on patients with hemiplegia: Three single-case studies.
This study examined the possibility of improving their gait by immobilizing the non-paretic knee joint in extension and promoting weight shift toward the paretic side. Single-case ABABA studies were conducted, involving three patients with hemiplegia. The patients walked with their non-paretic knee joints immobilized in extension using a dial-lock knee orthosis during the intervention (B1 and B2) periods. Measurement items included (1) temporal and distance factors and (2) hip, knee, and ankle joint angles during gait. In all subjects, the stance phase was significantly prolonged on the paretic side during all intervention...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 22, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Morishita M, Yamaguchi H, Yamagami S, Kobayashi M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Can 5  minutes of repetitive prone press-ups and sustained prone press-ups following a period of spinal loading reverse spinal shrinkage?
The objective of this study is to investigate if sustained and repetitive prone press-ups could reverse decreased spinal height following spinal loading and if there was a correlation between the degree of end range of motion spinal extension and spinal height gains. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest crossover design is used in this study. SETTING: Study was carried out in research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Forty-one healthy men and women were included in this study. INTERVENTION: Participants were seated in the stadiometer for 5 min with a 4.5-kg weight placed on each shoulder; the load was removed for 5 ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 22, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Munster MM, Brismée JM, Sizer PS, Browne K, Dewan B, Litke A, Pape JL, Sobczak S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinician perspectives and experiences in the prescription of ankle-foot orthoses for children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Processes, strengths, and challenges associated with AFO prescription in Canada were identified. This is a first step toward the development of guidelines to help clinicians improve AFO prescription for children with CP. PMID: 29465276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kane K, Manns P, Lanovaz J, Musselman K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Functioning and primary healthcare utilization in older adults: a 1-year follow-up study.
This study aimed to explore the association between aspects of disability and older adults' primary healthcare utilization and hospitalization over a period of 1 year. METHODS: Older adults (n = 129) were assessed for self-reported disability, lower limb performance, pain intensity and number of painful body sites, depressive symptoms, and self-reported physical activity. Data on primary healthcare utilization and hospitalization were collected for the period of 1 year through registries and phone interviews. RESULTS: Regression analysis, adjusted for potential confounders, showed that self-reported dis...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Silva AG, Queirós A, Rocha NP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Placebo effect of facilitatory Kinesio tape on muscle activity and muscle strength.
CONCLUSIONS: Facilitatory KT promotes maximal grip strength only among regular KT users, but its effect is trivial. Interestingly, such effect is not related to any electrophysiological change in the KT applying muscle, which may indicate an indirect working mechanism leading to the increased grip strength. PMID: 29461139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mak DN, Au IP, Chan M, Chan ZY, An WW, Zhang JH, Draper D, Cheung RT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors shaping expectations for complete relief from symptoms during rehabilitation for patients with spine pain.
CONCLUSION: The results should assist physical therapists to recognize patients who may have lower expectations of recovery and plan pre-treatment education interventions. PMID: 29452024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bishop MD, Mintken P, Bialosky JE, Cleland JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapists' management of challenging situations in guiding people with rheumatoid arthritis to health-enhancing physical activity.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides detailed descriptions of PTs' clinical behavior in video-recorded sessions. The results imply that motivated PTs can, despite their biomedical and practitioner-focused training, learn to adapt their communication strategies to different situations, altering between traditional information-giving and utilizing group resources by organizing participation. PMID: 29447492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nessen T, Opava CH, Martin C, Demmelmaier I Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A framework for establishing connections in physiotherapy practice.
This study aimed to identify the various ways that physiotherapists establish meaningful connections with their patients. Interpretive description, a qualitative methodology, was used to structure the inductive and iterative design. Eleven physiotherapists and 7 patients from private practice clinics participated in semi-structured interviews to describe their experiences of the therapeutic relationship. Textual data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis and constant comparison. The iterative data generation and analysis process resulted in a framework composed of three "ways" (i.e. categories) of esta...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 12, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Miciak M, Mayan M, Brown C, Joyce AS, Gross DP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Running in people with cerebral palsy: A systematic review.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Running is a fundamental motor skill which is important for participation in recreational activities throughout the lifespan. AIM: To identify, appraise, and synthesize the evidence related to running in people with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A search of electronic databases was conducted in April 2016. Articles were reviewed by two assessors and had to meet the following criteria: 1) population included people with CP; and 2) included information about running. Articles were assessed for quality using the Checklist for Measuring Study Quality by Downs and Black. RESULTS: Of 2...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chappell A, Gibson N, Morris S, Williams G, Allison GT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Operationalizing wait lists: Strategies and experiences in three hospital outpatient physiotherapy departments in Montreal.
unt M Abstract In Canada, limited resources and increasing demand place pressure on the public healthcare system, something that is likely to increase. In this context, wait lists in outpatient physiotherapy departments (OPD) will get longer, system inefficiencies will arise, and frustrations and ethical concerns will be experienced by patients and staff. To better understand the perceptions of OPD staff regarding priority setting, treatment frequency, treatment duration, and wait list management strategies, we conducted an Interpretive Description study involving semi-structured interviews in three OPDs in Montre...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Laliberté M, E Feldman D, Williams-Jones B, Hunt M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Development and initial evaluation of an instrument to assess physiotherapists' clinical reasoning focused on clients' behavior change.
CONCLUSIONS: This feasible and content-validated instrument shows potential for use in investigations of physiotherapy students' and physiotherapists' clinical reasoning, however continued development and testing are needed. PMID: 29405848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Elvén M, Hochwälder J, Dean E, Söderlund A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Movement goals encoded within the cortex and muscle synergies to reduce redundancy pre and post-stroke. The relevance for gait rehabilitation and the prescription of walking-aids. A literature review and scholarly discussion.
Abstract Current knowledge of neural and neuromuscular processes controlling gait and movement as well as an understanding of how these mechanisms change following stroke is an important basis for the development of effective rehabilitation interventions. To support the translation of findings from basic research into useful treatments in clinical practice, up-to-date neuroscience should be presented in forms accessible to all members of the multidisciplinary team. In this review we discuss aspects of cortical control of gait and movement, muscle synergies as a way of translating cortical commands into specific mu...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maguire CC, Sieben JM, De Bie RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The role of the therapeutic alliance on pain relief in musculoskeletal rehabilitation: A systematic review.
Abstract The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the role of therapeutic alliance in pain relief in patients with musculoskeletal disorders treated by physiotherapy. Manual and database searches (Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, PEDro, Lilacs, Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO) were performed with no restrictions of language and publication date. We included prospective studies with samples of patients undergoing physiotherapy for musculoskeletal conditions, with one measure of therapeutic alliance and the outcome pain. Methodological quality was assessed by the Methodological Index for Non...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Taccolini Manzoni AC, Bastos de Oliveira NT, Nunes Cabral CM, Aquaroni Ricci N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Subgrouping children with cerebral palsy from a broader perspective using two methods.
Abstract The purpose was to develop two versions of a body function index in cerebral palsy (BFI-CP I and BFI-CP II) using two methods to explore the relationship and differences among them and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and to explore the differences among subsets of the classifications that do not correspond to the ordinal levels of the GMFCS. Data on various measures from 405 children with CP between 18 months and 5 years of age were extracted from the Move & PLAY Study. The BFI-CP I was developed using a summing technique and the BFI-CP II was developed using cluster a...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jeevanantham D, Bartlett D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Learning and knowing bodies: Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapists' reflections on embodied knowledge.
CONCLUSION: Embodied knowledge can support the physiotherapists in their clinical practice. The learning and knowing body represents resources of empowerment for the patients. PMID: 29393714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ekerholt K, Bergland A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of a clinical protocol for measuring turnout in collegiate dancers.
Abstract Reliable methods of measuring turnout in dancers and comparing active turnout (used in class) with functional (uncompensated) turnout are needed. Authors have suggested measurement techniques but there is no clinically useful, easily reproducible technique with established inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. We adapted a technique based on previous research, which is easily reproducible. We hypothesized excellent inter-rater and intra-rater reliability between experienced physical therapists (PTs) and a briefly trained faculty member from a university's department of dance. Thirty-two participants we...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Greene A, Lasner A, Deu R, Oliphant S, Johnson K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of documentation on communication during patient-physiotherapist interactions: A qualitative observational study.
Abstract Documentation is an essential component of physiotherapy practice for clinical, legal, and ethical reasons. Research in other healthcare contexts suggests that documentation impacts upon communication in patient-practitioner interactions. Thus, the objective of this qualitative study was to examine how physiotherapists and their patients communicate during episodes of documentation. The research was informed by ethnomethodology and ethnography. In total, 113 patient-physiotherapist interactions were observed in Switzerland and Australia with video-recordings, audio-recordings, and field notes collected as...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 31, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schoeb V, Hiller A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Shoulder and elbow range of motion for the performance of activities of daily living: A systematic review.
Abstract The loss of range of motion (ROM) in the upper extremities can interfere with activities of daily living (ADL) and, therefore, many interventions focus on improving impaired ROM. The question, however, is what joint angles are needed to naturally perform ADL. The present review aimed to compile and synthesize data from literature on shoulder and elbow angles that unimpaired participants used when performing ADL tasks. A search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus, CINAHL, and PEDro. Studies were eligible when shoulder (flexion, extension, abduction, adduction) and/or elbow (flexion, extension) angles...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Oosterwijk AM, Nieuwenhuis MK, van der Schans CP, Mouton LJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The study of surface electromyography used for the assessment of abductor hallucis muscle activity in patients with hallux valgus.
CONCLUSIONS: It is speculated that the changes of the AbdH function may occur in the period before clinical appearance of hallux valgus deformity, or at the onset of distortion development. Further studies are needed for a comprehensive assessment of AbdH muscle in patients with hallux valgus. PMID: 29373047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mortka K, Lisiński P, Wiertel-Krawczuk A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Propensity for movement specific reinvestment by physiotherapists: Implications for education.
Abstract Previous studies have shown that the propensity for conscious monitoring and control of movement (i.e. movement specific reinvestment) influences the acquisition of movement skills. Physiotherapists, whose primary function is to promote effective human movement, also develop specialized movement skills that are necessary to perform diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. To explore the implications for promoting expertise, this current study examined physiotherapists' propensity for movement-specific reinvestment. Practitioners and students in physiotherapy, and other rehabilitation, and non-health profess...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Capio CM, Uiga L, Malhotra N, Eguia KF, Masters RSW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability and validity of a designed setup for the assessment of static back extensor force and endurance in older women with and without hyperkyphosis.
CONCLUSION: The measurements of static back muscle force and endurance are reliable and valid with our designed setup in older women with and without hyperkyphosis. PMID: 29368984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Roghani T, Khalkhali Zavieh M, Rahimi A, Talebian S, Manshadi FD, Akbarzadeh Baghban A, King N, Katzman W Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory repercussions according to the abdominal circumference measurement of men with obstructive respiratory disorder submitted to respiratory physiotherapy.
ami M Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the effect of respiratory physiotherapy among men with obstructive respiratory disorder, in relation to abdominal circumference (AC). METHODS: Quasi-experimental study including 26 men split into two groups according to AC(cm): 1)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Martinelli B, Pires Di Lorenzo VA, Quitério RJ, Ambrozin ARP, Arca EA, Jamami M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability of sternal instability scale (SIS) for transverse sternotomy in lung transplantation (LTX).
CONCLUSION: The SIS is a reliable manual assessment tool for evaluation of sternal instability after CSI following BSLTX and may facilitate the timely detection and management of sternal instability. PMID: 29369002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fuller LM, El-Ansary D, Button B, Bondarenko J, Marasco S, Snell G, Holland AE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility and reliability of a virtual reality oculus platform to measure sensory integration for postural control in young adults.
CONCLUSION: Our novel portable VR platform was found to be feasible and reliable in healthy young adults. PMID: 29364733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lubetzky AV, Kary EE, Harel D, Hujsak B, Perlin K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of mobilization with movement on lateral knee pain due to proximal tibiofibular joint hypomobility.
Abstract This case report describes a 45-year-old female who presented with lateral knee pain over the right proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) managed unsuccessfully with rest, medications, bracing, injection, and physiotherapy. Clinical diagnosis of PTFJ hypomobility was based on concordant symptom reproduction with palpatory tenderness, accessory motion testing, and restricted anterior glide of the fibula. Intervention consisted of Mulligan's mobilization with movement and taping over the right PTFJ with immediate improvements noticed in pain, range of motion, and function. The patient was seen twice a week and...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S, Miller J, J Werstine R, Young S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of the craniocervical flexion and isometric neck exercise compared in patients with chronic neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: The present study compared the effects of neck isometric exercise (NIE) and craniocervical flexion exercise (CFE) on cervical lordosis, muscle endurance of cervical flexion, neck disability index (NDI), and active cervical range of motion (ACROM) in all three planes in patients with non-specific, chronic neck pain (CNP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients from a university hospital-based rehabilitation center were randomly assigned to an experimental (22 patients performing CFE) or control (19 patients performing NIE) group. All patients performed three 30-second repetitions of s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chung S, Jeong YG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability of the unsupported upper-limb exercise test (UULEX) and 6-min peg board ring test (6PBRT) in healthy adult individuals.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The unsupported upper-limb exercise (UULEX) and 6-min peg board ring tests (6PBRTs) have been developed to measure peak unsupported arm exercise capacity and arm endurance, respectively, in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These tests are valid and reproducible in this population; however, the reproducibility of healthy adults is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day test-retest reliability of the UULEX and 6PBRT in healthy adults. METHOD: The study included 41 healthy adults, aged 38.3 ± 17.9 years old, who performed b...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 19, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lima VP, Velloso M, Almeida FD, Carmona B, Ribeiro-Samora GA, Janaudis-Ferreira T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A systematic literature review of physiotherapy and rehabilitation approaches to lower-limb amputation.
DISCUSSION: LLA rehabilitation is a topic that requires the focus of current and future studies; evidence-based studies are required on the approaches to rehabilitation for specific LLA groups. PMID: 29351504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 19, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ülger Ö, Yıldırım Şahan T, Çelik SE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research