Combining manual therapy with pain neuroscience education in the treatment of chronic low back pain: A narrative review of the literature.
Abstract Teaching people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) about the neurobiology and neurophysiology of their pain is referred to as pain neuroscience education (PNE). There is growing evidence that when PNE is provided to patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, it can result in decreased pain, pain catastrophization, disability, and improved physical performance. Because the aim of PNE is to shift the patient's focus from the tissues in the low back as the source of their pain to the brain's interpretation of inputs, many clinicians could mistakenly believe that PNE should be a "hands-off," educati...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 30, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Puentedura EJ, Flynn T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The efficacy of pain neuroscience education on musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review of the literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence supports the use of PNE for chronic MSK disorders in reducing pain and improving patient knowledge of pain, improving function and lowering disability, reducing psychosocial factors, enhancing movement, and minimizing healthcare utilization. PMID: 27351541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Zimney K, Puentedura EJ, Diener I Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Listening is therapy: Patient interviewing from a pain science perspective.
This article highlights the interview process focusing on a pain science perspective as it relates to screening patients, establishing psychosocial barriers to improvement, and pain mechanism assessment. PMID: 27351690 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Diener I, Kargela M, Louw A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinical biopsychosocial physiotherapy assessment of patients with chronic pain: The first step in pain neuroscience education.
Abstract Pain neuroscience education (PNE) is increasingly used as part of a physical therapy treatment in patients with chronic pain. A thorough clinical biopsychosocial assessment is recommended prior to PNE to allow proper explanation of the neurophysiology of pain and the biopsychosocial interactions in an interactive and patient-centered manner. However, without clear guidelines, clinicians are left wondering how a biopsychosocial assessment should be administered. Therefore, we provided a practical guide, based on scientific research and clinical experience, for the biopsychosocial assessment of patients wit...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wijma AJ, van Wilgen CP, Meeus M, Nijs J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The clinical application of teaching people about pain.
Abstract Teaching people about the neurobiology and neurophysiology of their pain experience has a therapeutic effect and has been referred to as pain neuroscience education (PNE). Various high-quality randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews have shown increasing efficacy of PNE decreasing pain, disability, pain catastrophization, movement restrictions, and healthcare utilization. Research studies, however, by virtue of their design, are very controlled environments and, therefore, in contrast to the ever-increasing evidence for PNE, little is known about the clinical application of this emerging thera...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Zimney K, O'Hotto C, Hilton S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A researcher's ethical dilemma: Is self-plagiarism a condemnable practice or not?
PMID: 27259659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 3, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Arumugam A, Aldhafiri FK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Minimum standards of clinical practice for physiotherapists working in critical care settings in Australia and New Zealand: A modified Delphi technique.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to develop a consensus framework of minimum standards of practice for physiotherapists working in critical care. The clinical utility of this framework now requires assessment. PMID: 27259819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 3, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Skinner EH, Thomas P, Reeve JC, Patman S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Retrospective analysis of physical therapy utilization by the specificity of the diagnosis and order written on the referral.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that a physician diagnosis and referral may not be required to direct care for patients seeking PT services. Third-party payers that require a physician referral for PT services may be delaying access to healthcare and increasing costs. PMID: 27260084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 3, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Riley SP, Tafuto V, Brismée JM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

What is the effect of treating secondary lymphedema after breast cancer with complete decongestive physiotherapy when the bandage is replaced with Kinesio Textape? - A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: This randomized controlled pilot study shows that CDP with tape can be an alternative to CDP with bandage. The quality of life is higher, the economy and working environment is better, and the effect measured by circumference is comparable. More RCTs are required to increase the evidence for CDP with tape. IMPLICATIONS: Treating lymphedema with CDP with tape after breast cancer is a good alternative to CDP with bandage and makes it possible to treat more patients with less resources. PMID: 27260219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 3, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Melgaard D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Peak expiratory flow in healthy, young, non-active subjects in seated, supine, and prone postures.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the PEFs in healthy, young, non-active subjects in seated, supine, and prone postures. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy volunteers (15 male, mean age 22.7 years, non-smokers, sedentary) underwent a physical examination, spirometry to confirm normal pulmonary function, and PEF using the Mini-Wright Peak Flow Meter while wearing a nose clip. PEF measurements were repeated three times in each of three positions (seated, prone, and supine) in random order and differed by less than 20 L/min for a given position. Paired Student's t-tests were used to analyze the results, and the signifi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 2, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Antunes BO, de Souza HC, Gianinis HH, Passarelli-Amaro RC, Tambascio J, Gastaldi AC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Embodiment and aging in contemporary physiotherapy.
Conclusions consider embodiment in the practice and disciplinary discourse of contemporary physiotherapy, specifically, considering the ways embodied perspectives can support therapists in their health care practice and relationships with people with aging bodies. PMID: 27253333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hay ME, Connelly DM, Kinsella EA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Responsiveness of the Berg Balance Scale in patients early after stroke.
This study shows that a change of 6 BBS point or more can be considered an important change for patients in the sub-acute phase after stroke, which also represents an 80% probability of exceeding the measurement error. A total of 80% of unchanged patients would display random fluctuations within the bounds of MDC80, while 20% of unchanged patients would exceed MDC80. PMID: 27253334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Saso A, Moe-Nilssen R, Gunnes M, Askim T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of core stability and general exercise on abdominal muscle thickness in non-specific chronic low back pain using ultrasound imaging.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results provided evidence that only GE increased right and left rectus muscle thickness. The only significant difference between CSE and GE groups was the right rectus thickness. As rectus is a global muscle, the effect of GE on strength improvement (one side stronger than the other) may have a negative effect on motor control of lumbopelvic muscles and possibly increase the risk of back pain occurring or becoming worse, though this was not observed in the present study. PMID: 27253335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Shamsi M, Sarrafzadeh J, Jamshidi A, Zarabi V, Pourahmadi MR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using simulation pedagogy to teach clinical education skills: A randomized trial.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study investigating SLE for teaching skills of clinical education. SLE improved educators' self-efficacy in three domains of clinical education. Sample size limited the interpretation of student ratings of educator supervision skills. Future studies using SLE would benefit from future large multicenter trials evaluating its effect on educators' teaching skills, student learning outcomes, and subsequent effects on patient care and health outcomes. PMID: 27253336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Holdsworth C, Skinner EH, Delany CM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Construct validity of the Modified Gait Efficacy Scale in older females.
Abstract There are few well-validated tools that focus on the assessment of walking confidence in older adults. The main objective of this study was to assess construct validity of the 10-item Modified Gait Efficacy Scale (mGES) as a measure of walking confidence in older adults. Twenty-four older females completed the mGES, the 16-item Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC-16) scale, and the Senior Fitness Test (SFT). Construct validity of the mGES was evaluated by quantifying relationships between the mGES and the ABC-16 and the SFT, and by examining the ability of the mGES to discriminate between known gr...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Goldberg A, Talley SA, Adamo DE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 27253338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 27253339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of vocalization on spinal excitation as measured by H wave.
Abstract The aim of this study was to measure the H wave by using voice-activated electromyography to reveal how different speech outputs affect the spinal cord segments innervating the lower limb skeletal muscles. In 21 healthy adults (16 men and 5 women) seated in a semi-reclined position, the H wave was recorded using surface electrodes over the soleus muscle of the pivot leg after stimulating the tibial nerve. The amplitude of the H wave was 1.02 SD 0.69 mV under the pre-vocalization condition; 1.51 SD 0.76 mV under the submaximal vocalization condition (≥60-
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 7, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Furukawa K, Fujiwara T, Abe K, Kamijo M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The relationship between knowledge of pain neurophysiology and fear avoidance in people with chronic pain: A point in time, observational study.
Abstract Chronic pain is prevalent in the western world; however fear of pain often has a greater impact than the degree of initial injury. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between knowledge of the neurophysiology of pain and fear avoidance in individuals diagnosed with chronic pain. Twenty-nine people with chronic musculoskeletal pain were recruited and completed questionnaires to determine their understanding of pain neurophysiology and the degree of their fear avoidance beliefs. There was an inverse relationship between knowledge of pain neurophysiology and the level of fear avoidance. Pati...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fletcher C, Bradnam L, Barr C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of virtual reality-based balance exercises and conventional exercises on balance and fall risk in older adults living in nursing homes in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: Similar improvements were found in balance and fall risk with VR-based balance training and conventional balance training in older adults living in the nursing home. Both exercise trainings can be preferable by health care professionals considering fall prevention. Appropriate patient selection is essential. PMID: 27049879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yeşilyaprak SS, Yıldırım MŞ, Tomruk M, Ertekin Ö, Algun ZC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinical diagnosis and treatment of a patient with low back pain using the patient response model: A case report.
Abstract The medical management of low back pain (LBP) can be approached in a multitude of ways. Classification via subgrouping is increasingly common in orthopedic literature. Clinical diagnosis and treatment of LBP using the patient response model (PRM) can assist clinicians in hypothesizing the origin of pain and providing beneficial interventions unlike the widely used pathoanatomical model. This case report involved a 52-year-old female with sudden onset of right-sided LBP that radiated to the foot. These symptoms were accompanied by occasional paresthesias in bilateral lower extremities. Magnetic resonance i...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Robinson M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Connectivity: An emerging concept for physiotherapy practice.
ll J Abstract Having spent their first century anchored to a biomedical model of practice, physiotherapists have been increasingly interested in exploring new models and concepts that will better equip them for serving the health-care needs of 21st century clients/patients. Connectivity offers one such model. With an extensive philosophical background in phenomenology, symbolic interactionism, structuralism, and postmodern research, connectivity resists the prevailing western biomedical view that health professionals should aim to increase people's independence and autonomy, preferring instead to identify and ampl...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nicholls DA, Atkinson K, Bjorbækmo WS, Gibson BE, Latchem J, Olesen J, Ralls J, Setchell J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Assessing movement quality in persons with severe mental illness - Reliability and validity of the Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience.
Abstract Motor disturbances and disturbed self-recognition are common features that affect mobility in persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder. Physiotherapists in Scandinavia assess and treat movement difficulties in persons with severe mental illness. The Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E) is a new and shortened version of the commonly used Body Awareness Scale-Health (BAS-H). The purpose of this study was to investigate the inter-rater reliability and the concurrent validity of BAS MQ-E in persons with severe mental illness. The concurrent validity was exam...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hedlund L, Gyllensten AL, Waldegren T, Hansson L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of prehabilitation on the range of motion and functional outcomes in patients following the total knee or hip arthroplasty: A pilot randomized trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Prehabilitation improved knee flexion, but this did not translate into improved functional mobility or quality of life. PMID: 27050325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cavill S, McKenzie K, Munro A, McKeever J, Whelan L, Biggs L, Skinner EH, Haines TP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Development of a community-based exercise program for people diagnosed and at-risk for Huntington's disease: A clinical report.
DISCUSSION: This clinical report describes the integration of the evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values to develop and implement individualized, community-based exercise groups, aimed to improve balance, gait speed, and fatigue measures for persons with HD and those at-risk. Post-program reflections and recommendations for those who are interested in developing similar programs in other communities are described. PMID: 27046737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clark D, Danzl MM, Ulanowski E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter-rater reliability study of the Peritron™ perineometer in pregnant women.
CONCLUSION: Good inter-rater reliability was found for the overall sample and first trimester of pregnancy for both mean values and single maximal values of the three MVCs. A good and moderate reliability was respectively found in the second trimester in analyzing the mean and single maximum values of three MVCs. PMID: 27046803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ribeiro JD, Guirro EC, Franco MM, Duarte TB, Pomini JM, Ferreira CH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Consistency of strength curves for determining maximal effort production during isokinetic knee testing of anterior cruciate ligament-deficient patients.
Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to attempt to establish decision rules for determining maximal effort production during isokinetic strength testing of unilateral anterior cruciate ligament-deficient patients based on the degree of strength curve consistency within a set. Thirty-three participants performed six bilateral knee extension and flexion exertions at maximal effort and at 80% of perceived maximum at testing velocities of 60 and 180°s(-1). Within-set consistency was quantified by computation of the variance ratio across strength curves. Tolerance interval-based cutoff scores covering 99%...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Almosnino S, Dvir Z, Bardana DD Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of two passive head-down tilt positions on diaphragm excursion in healthy adults: A preliminary study.
CONCLUSION: Optimal change in hemi-diaphragm excursion was obtained utilizing 30° head-down tilt positions in healthy subjects. PMID: 27043164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schewitz J, Roos R, van Aswegen H, Manda S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Outpatient-based physical rehabilitation for survivors of prolonged critical illness: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: A 7-week, outpatient-based exercise and education program resulted in improved health-related quality of life scores but not improved exercise capacity. PMID: 27043264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: McWilliams DJ, Benington S, Atkinson D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Urinary incontinence symptoms and impact on quality of life in patients seeking outpatient physical therapy services.
CONCLUSION: These preliminary data indicate that UI is a condition afflicting many individuals who present to outpatient physical therapy beyond those seeking care for UI. We recommend using a simple screening measure for UI and its impact on HRQoL as part of a routine initial evaluation in outpatient physical therapy settings. PMID: 26863987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Alappattu M, Neville C, Beneciuk J, Bishop M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Does core stability exercise improve lumbopelvic stability (through endurance tests) more than general exercise in chronic low back pain? A quasi-randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: CSE is not more effective than GE for improving endurance core stability tests and reducing disability and pain in chronic non-specific LBP patients. PMID: 26864057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Shamsi MB, Rezaei M, Zamanlou M, Sadeghi M, Pourahmadi MR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of sternoclavicular joint mobilization on pain and function in a patient with massive supraspinatus tear.
Abstract Massive irreparable rotator cuff tears can be difficult to treat conservatively, especially when the patient has multiple comorbidities. Although there is evidence to support interventions aimed at the spine, there is paucity in the literature describing interventions to the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) in individuals with rotator cuff pathology. A 57-year-old female with multiple comorbidities and a body mass index of 59 was referred to physical therapy with a 4-month history of right shoulder pain, significant functional limitations, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), demonstrating a full-thickness s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mischke JJ, Emerson Kavchak AJ, Courtney CA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of manual therapy and exercise therapy for postural hyperkyphosis: A randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: Manual therapy was as effective as exercise therapy in reducing kyphosis angle and increasing back extensor muscle strength in young women with postural hyperkyphosis. PMID: 26863146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kamali F, Shirazi SA, Ebrahimi S, Mirshamsi M, Ghanbari A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of kinesio tape on neuromuscular activity of peroneus longus.
CONCLUSION: KT in participants with functional ankle instability (FAI) seems to have no effect on the neuromuscular activity of PL and sensation of giving way during downhill running. PMID: 26863268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Juchler I, Blasimann A, Baur H, Radlinger L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A single session of open kinetic chain movements emphasizing speed improves speed of movement and modifies postural control in stroke.
Abstract Little attention has been given to training speed of movement, even though functional activities require quick submaximal contractions. Closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercises are considered more functional; however, the best method for training speed is not known. A single bout of open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises emphasizing speed was performed to determine whether movement velocity and muscle activation would improve in a single session and whether the improvements transfer to a physiological balance task. Eleven participants
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Gray VL, Ivanova TD, Garland SJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter- and intratester reliability values of ultrasound imaging measurements of diaphragm movement in the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine intertester and intratester reliability of ultrasound measurements of bilateral diaphragm excursions in the thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal curves of 31 females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) (mean age = 14.1 ± 1.8 years). METHOD: Subjects were tested during tidal breathing using real-time ultrasound imaging with a 3.5 MHz curvilinear transducer. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in intratester and intertester reliability values in bilateral diaphragmatic excursions measured at the thoracolumbar spinal curve, w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Noh DK, Koh JH, You JS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Patients suffering from rheumatic disease describing own experiences from participating in Basic Body Awareness Group Therapy: A qualitative pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The study described perspectives in movement learning experienced by patients. The results support the view that contact with the body can help patients exploring and cultivating their own resources for a more functional movement quality. Descriptions of relational movement learning aspects can contribute to our understanding of physiotherapy group design. PMID: 26863582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Olsen AL, Skjaerven LH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Relative electromyographic activity in trunk, hip, and knee muscles during unilateral weight bearing exercises: Implications for rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: Lower AO and LE activation most likely resulted from subjects maintaining a vertical trunk position over the stance limb during each exercise. The fact that the exercises required greater frontal plane control (from balancing on a single limb) most likely accounted for lower GMX activity. The exercises would provide little, if any, benefit for individuals with AO, LE, or GMX weakness. The unilateral weight bearing exercises would be beneficial for GM neuromuscular re-education and endurance and VM strengthening. PMID: 26761186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 13, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bolgla LA, Cruz MF, Roberts LH, Buice AM, Pou TS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A comparison of two stretching programs for hamstring muscles: A randomized controlled assessor-blinded study.
In conclusion, the fact that both stretching programs resulted in similar results suggests no influence of the joint at which the stretching is focused upon, as assessed by the straight leg raising and knee extension angle tests. PMID: 26756214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Demoulin C, Wolfs S, Chevalier M, Granado C, Grosdent S, Depas Y, Roussel N, Hage R, Vanderthommen M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of crutches, an orthosis TheraTogs, and no walking aids on the recovery of gait in a patient with delayed healing post hip fracture: A case report.
Abstract Accelerated rehabilitation following hip fracture and joint replacement, including early unrestricted weight-bearing and muscle strengthening, has gained importance in hastening functional recovery and hospital discharge. The influence of walking aids on these parameters is sparsely investigated. In this case report, we document the effect of walking with crutches; an orthotic garment and strapping system, TheraTogs; and no walking aids over 3-4-week periods on walking speed, trunk sway, and muscle activity measured with electromyography (EMG). The patient was a 49-year-old female showing delayed healing ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maguire C, Sieben JM, Scheidhauer H, Romkes J, Suica Z, de Bie RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Peak torque, reaction time, and rate of torque development of hip abductors and adductors of older women.
ga MT Abstract Impaired muscle function at the hip has been implicated to be a major factor related to falls in older adults. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the rate of torque development (RTD), reaction time (RT), and peak torque (PT) of hip abductors and hip adductors in young women (YW), older women nonfallers (ONF), and older women fallers (OF). Eighteen YW and 44 older women divided among OF (n = 20) and ONF (n = 24) performed maximum isometric hip abductor and adduction contractions on a dynamometer. YW had 40% greater PT and 61.5% greater RTD for hip abductors than the ONF. Compared with OF...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Morcelli MH, Rossi DM, Karuka AH, Crozara LF, Hallal CZ, Marques NR, Gonçalves M, Navega MT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility and effectiveness of adding object-related bilateral symmetrical training to mirror therapy in chronic stroke: A randomized controlled pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the feasibility of adding object-related bilateral training to MT. Both types of training improved UL bilateral activity; however, a larger sample is required for a definitive study. Other studies need to be carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of combining more distal-oriented movements and object-related unilateral training to improve these effects in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 26756623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rodrigues LC, Farias NC, Gomes RP, Michaelsen SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using near infrared light to manage symptoms associated with restless legs syndrome.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether the application of near infrared (NIR) light could positively modulate symptoms associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS). Twenty-one subjects with RLS were treated with NIR three times weekly for four weeks. Baseline measures of: (1) international restless legs syndrome rating scale (IRLSRS) score; (2) Semmes Weinstein monofilament (SWM) test; (3) visual analog pain scale (VAS); (4) ankle-brachial index (ABI); and (5) sonographic imaging of the popliteal and posterior tibial arteries were compared to post-treatment values. NIR (850 nm) was delivered t...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Guffey JS, Motts S, Barymon D, Wooten A, Clough T, Payne E, Henderson M, Tice N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measurement of craniovertebral angle by the Modified Head Posture Spinal Curvature Instrument: A reliability and validity study.
This study demonstrates that the MHPSCI is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring CV angle in subjects with or without postural neck pain. PMID: 26756923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Subbarayalu AV Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Student-clinician agreement in clinical competence as a predictor of clinical placement performance in Australian undergraduate physiotherapy students.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The opportunity for student self-reflection and the accuracy of that reflection are critical to the acquisition of professional competencies. The relationship between student-clinician agreement and clinical performance in physiotherapy students has not yet been investigated. The aim was to determine whether a simple measure of student-clinician agreement assessed midway during a clinical placement predicts final placement score. PARTICIPANTS: 100 undergraduate Monash University Bachelors of Physiotherapy students and their clinical educators. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Assessment of Phy...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lo K, Osadnik CR, Leonard M, Maloney SR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

"A touch of physiotherapy" - the significance and meaning of touch in the practice of physiotherapy.
"A touch of physiotherapy" - the significance and meaning of touch in the practice of physiotherapy. Physiother Theory Pract. 2016 Jan 11;:1-10 Authors: Bjorbækmo WS, Mengshoel AM Abstract Touch, while ubiquitous and ever present in the practice of physiotherapy, is conspicuously absent from physiotherapy-related research. Based on a theoretical perspective inspired by phenomenology, this article explores and elaborates on the meaning and significance of touch in the practice of physiotherapy. The research data were generated through 16 close observations conducted in primary care clin...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bjorbækmo WS, Mengshoel AM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measuring distress in South African children during burns dressing changes: A pilot study.
DISCUSSION: South African children's distress during burn dressing changes manifests in different ways. Adequate capture of it requires a comprehensive set of objective, observational, and qualitative measures, which are independent of language and culture. PMID: 26752343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw Q, Firfirey N, Grimmer K, van Niekerk SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Gender-sensitive and youth-friendly physiotherapy: Steps toward a stress management intervention for girls and young women.
This article describes and evaluates initial steps of a gender-sensitive, youth-friendly group intervention model designed for teenage girls and young women who experience stress-related or psychosomatic problems. Fifty-four young women (16-25 years of age) participated in a gender-sensitive physiotherapy stress management course at a youth health center. Inclusion criteria were self-defined stress-related problems and a wish to participate in the group intervention. Measurements of aspects of body perception, self-image, multiple somatic problems, and mental health symptom areas were assessed both before and after interve...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Strömbäck M, Wiklund M, Salander Renberg E, Malmgren-Olsson EB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of kinesiologic taping on epidermal-dermal distance, pain, edema and inflammation after experimentally induced soft tissue trauma.
Abstract PURPOSE: In sports medicine, the use of kinesiologic tape has recently gained popularity. Although widely used, there is no study examining the effects of kinesiologic tape on soft tissue after a contusion injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of kinesiologic taping on epidermal-dermal distance, edema, pain and inflammation after experimentally induced contusion injury. METHODS: Twelve adult female Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups: (1) 30 min group: n = 6, weight range: 182.0-199.4 g; and (2) 6 h group: n = 6, weight r...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kafa N, Citaker S, Omeroglu S, Peker T, Coskun N, Diker S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

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Authors: PMID: 26492436 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research