The effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on joint position sense in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis.
Abstract Abstract Objective: To study the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on joint position sense (JPS) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) subjects. Methods: Thirty subjects with knee OA (40-60 years old) using non-random sampling participated in this study. In order to evaluate the absolute error of repositioning of the knee joint, Qualysis Track Manager system was used and sensory electrical stimulation was applied through the TENS device. Results: The mean errors in repositioning of the joint, in two position of the knee joint with 20 and 60 degree angle, after applying the TENS was signi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 3, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Shirazi ZR, Shafaee R, Abbasi L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Influence of posture on the ventilatory pattern and the thoraco-abdominal kinematics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Marinho PE Abstract Abstract Objective: Evaluate the influence of posture on ventilatory pattern, compartmental distribution of volume of chest wall and thoraco-abdominal kinematics of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Twelve, male patients with severe COPD (Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1) = 24.35 ± 4.52%, Forced Vital Capacity% (FVC%) = 60 ± 13.39% and relationship FEV1/FVC = 53.42 ± 14.47). The distribution of the vo...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cavalcanti AG, Rattes Lima CS, Barros de Sá R, Reinaux CM, Braz Júnior DS, Teixeira AL, Dornelas de Andrade A, Marinho PE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measurement properties of existing clinical assessment methods evaluating scapular positioning and function. A systematic review.
ard K Abstract Abstract The aims were to compile a schematic overview of clinical scapular assessment methods and critically appraise the methodological quality of the involved studies. A systematic, computer-assisted literature search using Medline, CINAHL, SportDiscus and EMBASE was performed from inception to October 2013. Reference lists in articles were also screened for publications. From 50 articles, 54 method names were identified and categorized into three groups: (1) Static positioning assessment (n = 19); (2) Semi-dynamic (n = 13); and (3) Dynamic functional assessment (n&thi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Larsen CM, Juul-Kristensen B, Lund H, Søgaard K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of changes in supraspinatus muscle thickness in persons with subacromial impingement syndrome and asymptomatic adults.
Abstract Abstract Purpose: To compare changes in supraspinatus muscle thickness in persons with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) and asymptomatic adults and to determine the reliability of the ultrasound imaging (USI) protocol. Subjects: Twenty-two persons with SAIS and 22 age- and gender-matched asymptomatic controls. Methods: Ultrasound images of supraspinatus muscle thickness at rest and at 0°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of arm elevation were captured and measured. To determine same-day intratester reliability, one examiner imaged the same subject twice and two examiners took turns capturing image...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Blume C, Wang SS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy clinic therapeutic ultrasound equipment as a source for bacterial contamination.
This study demonstrates the need for better cleaning and storage protocols for US heads and gel bottles in PT clinics. PMID: 24678757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Spratt HG, Levine D, Tillman L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manual therapy in the treatment of ankle hemophilic arthropathy. A randomized pilot study.
pez-Pina JA Abstract Abstract Purpose: Although physiotherapy has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing ankle arthropathy compared to prophylaxis treatment from early ages, there have been no conclusive studies examining physiotherapy intervention once hemophilic arthropathy of the ankle has been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two physiotherapy interventions, in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of the ankle that had not been operated on previously. Method: Nine patients with hemophilia (mean age of 35.7 SD 11.9 years) were randomized to a mobilization group (n&thinsp...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cuesta-Barriuso R, Gómez-Conesa A, López-Pina JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The ambiguity of standing in standing devices: a qualitative interview study concerning children and parents experiences of the use of standing devices.
Conclusions: There is an inherent duality related to the use of a standing device. Standing in a standing device was seen as a treatment of body structures and functions, as well as a possible source of pain. Standing was considered to influence freedom in activities and participation both positively and negatively. The parents experienced that standing influenced other peoples' views of their child, while the children experienced standing as a way to extend the body and as something that gave them benefits in some activities. Physiotherapists working with children should take into account both the social and physical dime...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 27, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nordström B, Näslund A, Ekenberg L, Zingmark K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Criterion validity, reliability and clinical responsiveness of the CareConnections Functional Index.
This study established the criterion validity, test-retest reliability and responsiveness of the CareConnections Functional Index (CCFI). The CCFI is composed of four body-region specific subscales, measuring functional ability. Reference standards included the Neck Disability Index; Modified Oswestry Disability Index; Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale. One hundred subjects per body region were enrolled. Subject's rated their perceived improvement based on the 15-point Global Rating of Change questionnaire. Minimal clinically important differences (MCID) were calculat...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hoekstra CJ, Deppeler DA, Rutt RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Concurrent validity and reliability of the Simple Goniometer iPhone app compared with the Universal Goniometer.
Conclusion: The measurements from the SG iPhone® app were reliable and possessed concurrent validity for this sample and protocol when compared to the UG. PMID: 24666408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jones A, Sealey R, Crowe M, Gordon S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The validity of using an electrocutaneous device for pain assessment in patients with cervical radiculopathy.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and preference for assessing pain magnitude with electrocutaneous testing (ECT) compared to the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Borg CR10 scale in men and women with cervical radiculopathy of varying sensory phenotypes. An additional purpose was to investigate ECT sensory and pain thresholds in men and women with cervical radiculopathy of varying sensory phenotypes. This is a cross-sectional study of 34 patients with cervical radiculopathy. Scatterplots and linear regression were used to investigate bivariate relationships between ECT, VAS an...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 25, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Abbott A, Ghasemi-Kafash E, Dedering A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of goniometric iPhone applications for the assessment of active shoulder external rotation.
Conclusion: Both applications were found to be reliable and comparable to SG. A photo-based application potentially offers a superior method of measurement as visualizing the landmarks may be simplified in this format and it provides a record of measurement. Clinical relevance: Further study using patient populations may find the two studied applications are useful as an adjunct for clinical practice. PMID: 24654927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mitchell K, Gutierrez SB, Sutton S, Morton S, Morgenthaler A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Vascular disorder in a competitive cyclist: a case report.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this case report was to alert the physical therapist (PT) to the possibility of vascular disorders in endurance athletes with apparent musculoskeletal symptoms. A 33-year-old female injured her knee in a fall and described a history of progressive unilateral lower extremity (LE) pain and weakness, especially with running and cycling. She received LE stretching and strengthening but her symptoms persisted, so she stopped all activity. When she became symptomatic with minimal exertion, she went to a neurologist, but electromyographic (EMG)/nerve conduction velocity (NCV) studies were...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 12, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clifft JK, Coleman FA, Malone CB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Efficacy of kinesio taping on isokinetic quadriceps torque in knee osteoarthritis: a double blinded randomized controlled study.
Conclusion: Application of therapeutic KT is effective in improving isokinetic quadriceps torque, SSCT and reducing pain in knee osteoarthritis. PMID: 24617598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 11, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S, Sudarshan S, Nagpal P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Recognition and management of BPPV for an elderly female patient referred for low back pain: a resident's case study.
Abstract Abstract Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is common among older adults and frequently misdiagnosed or unidentified. Undiagnosed BPPV has been associated with depression, falls and ADL limitations. This case study describes the diagnostic process and management of BPPV for a 65-year-old patient with a primary complaint of chronic low back pain (LBP) in an outpatient orthopedic physical therapy setting. Following routine screening performed on initial evaluation, the patient was educated about examination findings that indicated the potential for BPPV and given the option to proceed with further ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 6, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Massey BJ, Osborne R, Beneciuk JM, Rowe RH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Kinesiologic taping reduces morbidity after oral and maxillofacial surgery: a pooled analysis.
Abstract Abstract Background: Postoperative morbidity is a major disadvantage after oral and maxillofacial (OMF) surgery, often caused by pain, trismus and swelling affecting patients' quality of life. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of kinesiologic taping (KT) on swelling, pain, trismus and patients' satisfaction after OMF surgery. Materials and methods: Performing a pooled analysis of 96 patients that were assigned for maxillofacial treatment (midface fractures n = 30, mandibular fractures n = 26, wisdom tooth removal n = 40) divided into treatment eithe...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ristow O, Pautke C, Kehl V, Koerdt S, Hahnefeld L, Hohlweg-Majert B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Practice patterns when treating patients with low back pain: a survey of physical therapists.
Abstract Abstract Low back pain (LBP), is a common musculoskeletal problem, affecting 75-85% of adults in their lifetime. Direct costs of LBP in the USA were estimated over 85 billion dollars in 2005 resulting in a significant economic burden for the healthcare system. LBP classification systems and outcome measures are available to guide physical therapy assessments and intervention. However, little is known about which, if any, physical therapists use in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the use of and barriers to LBP classification systems and outcome measures among physical therapist...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Davies C, Nitz AJ, Mattacola CG, Kitzman P, Howell D, Viele K, Baxter D, Brockopp D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Separate assessment of gluteus medius and minimus: B-mode or M-mode ultrasound?
Abstract Abstract The hip abductors gluteus medius (Gmed) and minimus (Gmin) differ slightly in function and how they are affected by hip joint pathology. A separate assessment of Gmed and Gmin is feasible by ultrasound (US) imaging. B-mode and M-mode US can be used to measure muscle thickness. Two B- and two M-mode scans of Gmed and Gmin thickness were taken in relaxation on 16 asymptomatic volunteers, repeated within 4 days on 11 subjects. Three types of intra-rater reliability of muscle thickness measurements were examined: (1) within-session reliability comparing two scans from the same session, (2) between-da...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 26, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dieterich AV, Deshon L, Pickard CM, Strauss GR, McKay J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Weight management including dietary and physical activity advice provided by Australian physiotherapists: a pilot cross-sectional survey.
Abstract Abstract Physiotherapists may have an impact on obesity prevention and treatment by providing nutrition and physical activity advice to overweight or obese clients; yet little is known about physiotherapists' beliefs and practices related to client weight management. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the practices, beliefs, attitudes and knowledge of physiotherapists regarding the provision of weight management advice to overweight or obese clients. Physiotherapists (n = 65) working in multiple practice settings completed a self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression dete...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 21, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Snodgrass SJ, Carter AE, Guest M, Collins CE, James C, Kable AK, Ashby SE, Plotnikoff RC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Correlation between posture, balance control, and peripheral muscle function in adults with cystic fibrosis.
This study aimed to assess the correlation between posture, balance, and peripheral muscle function in adults with CF. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 14 clinically stable patients who were subjected to postural assessment (photogrammetry), stabilometry, and peripheral muscle function. Results: Comparing the right and left sides of the body, there were significant differences for the following variables: horizontal and vertical head alignments; heel angle; and vertical alignment of the trunk (p 
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 18, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lima TR, Guimarães FS, Sá Ferreira A, Penafortes JT, Almeida VP, Lopes AJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Community group exercise versus physiotherapist-led home-based physical activity program: barriers, enablers and preferences in middle-aged adults.
Abstract Abstract Background/Purpose: Barriers and enablers of physical activity have been investigated, but it remains unclear what middle-aged adults' physical activity preferences are. Two physical activity interventions were compared to determine barriers, enablers and preferences for physical activity format in sedentary, community-dwelling 50- to 65-year-olds. Methods: Using mixed methods, 37 Physical Activity at Home (PAAH) participants took part in focus groups at the end of the intervention period and completed the Active Australia Survey (AAS). Participants were divided into three sub-groups: (1) group e...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 18, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Freene N, Waddington G, Chesworth W, Davey R, Cochrane T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of manually-assisted cough combined with postural drainage, saline instillation and airway suctioning in critically-ill patients during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation: a prospective observational single centre trial.
This study aimed to determine the effects manually-assisted cough (MAC), postural drainage, saline instillation and airway suction during HFOV. Methods: This was an observational study of a chest physiotherapy intervention in adult critically ill patients during HFOV. Measures included gas exchange, HFOV and haemodynamic variables 1 h before, immediately before, and 15 min, 1 h, 6 h and 12 h after intervention. Wet weight of airway secretions was also measured. Linear mixed modelling compared pre-intervention gas exchange, HFOV and haemodynamic variables with the four specified time-point...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 15, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ntoumenopoulos G, Berry M, Camporota L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manual lymphatic drainage versus exercise in the early postoperative period for breast cancer.
Conclusion: The performance of active exercise or MLD did not demonstrate difference in wound healing complications, shoulder ROM and UL perimetry at 60 d after surgery, suggesting that these techniques may be employed, according to the complaints or symptoms of each woman and physical therapist experience. PMID: 24410411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: de Oliveira MM, de Rezende LF, do Amaral MT, Pinto E Silva MP, Morais SS, Costa Gurgel MS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Sportiness and masculinities among female and male physiotherapy students.
This article explores the gendered importance of sportiness in terms of students' judgments of themselves and their classmates as suitable physiotherapy students. The article is based on observations and qualitative interviews with students attending clinical skills training classes in the first year of a bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy in Norway. The analysis focuses on sportiness as a display of masculinity and is inspired by Connell's concept of multiple masculinities. The findings demonstrate sportiness as a shared common value among students. However, it was also found that there are two main typologies: (1...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dahl-Michelsen T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic measurements of lower trapezius muscle thickness at rest and during isometric contraction: a reliability study.
Conclusions: USI can be used to reliably measure LT thickness at rest, during active contraction and during active contraction when holding a weight. The described protocol can be utilized during shoulder examinations to provide an additional assessment tool for monitoring changes in LT thickness. PMID: 24410413 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Talbott NR, Witt DW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability and agreement of the Satisfaction with the Assistive Technology Services (SATS) instrument in two Nordic countries.
Conclusions: This study indicates that the SATS may be reliably administered for telephone interviews among adult PWC and scooter users, and give information about aspects of the service delivery process for quality development improvement purposes. Further psychometric testing of the SATS is required. PMID: 24410414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sund T, Iwarsson S, Anttila H, Helle T, Brandt A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11) among older people with chronic pain.
Conclusion: The Swedish version of TSK-11 had acceptable construct validity, factor structure, and reliability and, hence, can be considered suitable for older people with chronic pain. PMID: 24410415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Larsson C, Hansson EE, Sundquist K, Jakobsson U Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Body awareness - a vital aspect in mentalization: experiences from concurrent and reciprocal therapies.
Conclusion: Reduced body awareness seemed to correspond with lacking or fragmented memories of their own life history. Body awareness was a vital aspect in the therapeutic processes. Future challenges seemed to become manageable for the patients once they had realized that the resources for coping with these demands were available within themselves. PMID: 24410416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ekerholt K, Schau G, Mathismoen KM, Bergland A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The measurement properties of modified Rivermead mobility index and modified functional ambulation classification as outcome measures for Chinese stroke patients.
This study aimed to examine the measurement properties of Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI) and Modified Functional Ambulation Classification (MFAC) in Chinese stroke patients. The content validity, responsiveness, predictive validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency and factor structure of the MRMI were examined. The content validity, discriminative power and inter-rater agreement of the MFAC were investigated. A total of 456 Chinese stroke patients were recruited. Evidence of good content validity, high responsiveness, adequate predictive validity, excellent test-retest reliability with 1.3-point as ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 8, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tsang RC, Chau RM, Cheuk TH, Cheung BS, Fung DM, Ho EY, Ip EM, Ko BP, Lee JY, Liu AK, Ng VP, Tang RS, To KW, Tsang CP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Medical students' awareness of the role of physiotherapists in multidisciplinary healthcare.
This study investigated medical students' awareness of the role of physiotherapists in multidisciplinary healthcare teams. Methods: One hundred and ninety-eight medical students of the University of Maiduguri, Nigeria, participated in this study. Each student completed a self-administered questionnaire that obtained information on demographics, awareness of role of physiotherapists and educational sources of information as well as suggestions about other sources of information about physiotherapy. Chi-square test was used to analyze differences in awareness by gender and year of study. Results: Although rates of awareness ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 7, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Vincent-Onabajo GO, Mustapha A, Oyeyemi AY Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The presentation and outcomes of shoulder pain in public hospital physiotherapy departments in NSW: an observational study.
This study investigates the type of shoulder conditions presenting to public physiotherapy departments and the outcomes of such presentations. Methods: Demographic, diagnostic, and outcome data were collected from people with shoulder pain presenting to 10 public outpatient physiotherapy services in NSW, Australia, from 1 April 2007 to 30 September 2007. Pearson's correlation and paired T tests were used to determine relationships and significance of changes in the defined outcomes. Results: One hundred fifty-three people were included in this study. The most common presentations based on physiotherapist's diagnoses were r...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 7, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Roberts D, Li F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A daily adjustable progressive resistance exercise protocol and functional training to increase quadriceps muscle strength and functional performance in an elderly homebound patient following a total knee arthroplasty.
Discussion: The results suggest that early initiation of a DAPRE protocol was free of adverse events and improved quadriceps strength and functional performance for this patient. PMID: 24397371 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 7, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ardali G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation pulse duration and maximum tolerated muscle torque.
Abstract Abstract Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a physical therapy intervention used to treat muscle weakness. NMES-elicited forces during therapy are correlated with strength gains. Patient discomfort limits NMES-elicited forces potentially compromising strength gains and the efficacy of this invention. The purpose of this study was to determine if NMES containing two different electrical stimulation pulse durations (200 or 500 μs) affected the knee extensor muscle torques subjects tolerated. Other NMES characteristics were identical in the two conditions: monophasic square-wave pulses;...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Scott W, Flora K, Kitchin BJ, Sitarski AM, Vance JB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of electrical muscle stimulation early in the quadriceps and tibialis anterior muscle of critically ill patients.
Conclusions: EMS used at low current intensity and for a short duration failed to prevent muscle atrophy in critically ill patients. However, we did find a significant improvement in active dorsiflexion of the ankle joint suggesting that it could help to prevent against stance plantar flexion in these patients. PMID: 24377663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Falavigna LF, Silva MG, de Almeida Freitas AL, Silva PF, Paiva Júnior MD, de Castro CM, Andrade MD, Cavalcanti Gallindo MA, Ribeiro LC, Ramos FF, de Andrade FM, de França EE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapists' experiences of activity pacing with people with chronic musculoskeletal pain: an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
Conclusions: This study increases our understanding of activity pacing and will help to make the best use of activity pacing in clinical practice, and optimize outcomes for the patients. These findings suggest that physiotherapists need to develop reflective listening skills, and use an experiential learning approach to facilitate activity pacing. PMID: 24377664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Scott-Dempster C, Toye F, Truman J, Barker K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter-rater reliability of select physical examination procedures in patients with neck pain.
This study evaluated the inter-rater reliability of select examination procedures in patients with neck pain (NP) conducted over a 24- to 48-h period. Twenty-two patients with mechanical NP participated in a standardized examination. One examiner performed standardized examination procedures and a second blinded examiner repeated the procedures 24-48 h later with no treatment administered between examinations. Inter-rater reliability was calculated with the Cohen Kappa and weighted Kappa for ordinal data while continuous level data were calculated using an intraclass correlation coefficient model 2,1 (ICC2,1). Coeff...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hanney WJ, George SZ, Kolber MJ, Young I, Salamh PA, Cleland JA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The influence of muscle length on one-joint shoulder internal and external rotator muscle strength.
Conclusion: The IR and ER muscles were found to be weakest when placed in a position of shortest muscle length, while the neutral 0° and mid-range positions were the strongest positions. PMID: 24377666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cibulka MT, Enders G, Hall J, Jackson A, Maines S, Haar JV, Bennett J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction as a reason for the development of acetabular retroversion: a new theory.
This article puts forth a theory suggesting that acetabular retroversion may be produced by sacroiliac joint dysfunction. PMID: 24350878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 18, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cibulka MT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Aquatic aerobic exercise for children with cerebral palsy: a pilot intervention study.
Conclusion: Ambulatory children with CP may improve their gross motor skills and walking endurance after an aquatic exercise program held twice per week for 14 weeks, utilizing moderate-to-vigorous exercise intensity and consisting of functional activities. PMID: 24328930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 16, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fragala-Pinkham MA, Smith HJ, Lombard KA, Barlow C, O'Neil ME Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Assessment of subjective and motor fatigue in Polio survivors, attending a Postpolio clinic, comparison with healthy controls and an exploration of clinical correlates.
Abstract Abstract Purpose: Polio survivors experience declining mobility, pain and fatigue. The extent of motor fatigue and its impact on mobility and quality of life, in addition to other commonly reported impairments requires evaluation. Methods: An observational, case-control, cross-sectional design was used to assess 30 Polio survivors and 30 age- and sex-matched controls. Muscle strength and motor fatigue were assessed using fixed dynamometry. Fatigue, pain and quality of life were assessed using the Piper Fatigue Scale, the Fatigue Severity Scale, visual analogue scales and the RAND Short Form-36, respective...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 16, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Murray D, Hardiman O, Meldrum D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects on centre-based training and home-based training on physical function, quality of life and fall incidence in community dwelling older adults.
Abstract Abstract This was a quasi-experimental study to compare the effects of center-based training with home-based training on physical function, quality of life and fall incidence in older adults. Fifty older adults were recruited to receive exercise training for 6 months. Participants in the center-based group received training under supervision of a physiotherapist at the day training center. Those in the home-based group received training assisted by a care worker at home. The outcome measures were the Elderly Mobility Scale (EMS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Short-for...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 16, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kwok TM, Tong CY Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of a recreational ice skating program on the functional mobility of a child with cerebral palsy.
Discussion: The results appear to suggest that the participation in an ice skating program clinically improved this child's functional mobility. Further research needs to be done with regard to physical recreational programs and the benefit they can have on the function of children with activity limitations. PMID: 24328904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 11, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Walsh SF, Scharf MG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A narrative reasoning course to promote patient-centred practice in a physiotherapy undergraduate programme: a qualitative study of final year students.
Conclusions: Students recognized the contribution of the course in developing competencies to facilitate patient-centred practice. Future research is needed to inform lecturers on how to best integrate narrative reasoning within the physiotherapy undergraduate curricula. PMID: 24328905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 11, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cruz EB, Caeiro C, Pereira C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Use of Therapeutic Neuroscience Education to address psychosocial factors associated with acute low back pain: a case report.
Abstract Abstract Acute low back pain (LBP) from injuries is prevalent in the work place. It has been shown that patients with psychosocial factors often progress with persistent pain and lead to significant workers compensation costs. Therapeutic Neuroscience Education (TNE) has been shown to be beneficial in changing a patient's cognition regarding their pain state, which may result in decrease fear, anxiety and catastrophization. A 19-year-old female who developed LBP from a work injury was the patient for this case report. A physical examination, Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NRPS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 19, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Zimney K, Louw A, Puentedura EJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The Second Physical Therapy Summit on Global Health: developing an action plan to promote health in daily practice and reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases.
Matereke N, Meyer ER, M'kumbuzi VR, Mostert-Wentzel K, Myezwa H, Fagevik Olsén M, Peterson C, Pétursdóttir U, Robinson J, Sangroula K, Stensdotter AK, Yee Tan B, Tschoepe BA, Bruno S, Mathur S, Wong WP Abstract Abstract Based on indicators that emerged from The First Physical Therapy Summit on Global Health (2007), the Second Summit (2011) identified themes to inform a global physical therapy action plan to integrate health promotion into practice across the World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) regions. Working questions were: (1) how well is health promotion implemented within phy...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 19, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dean E, Dornelas de Andrade A, O'Donoghue G, Skinner M, Umereh G, Beenen P, Cleaver S, Afzalzada D, Ann Delaune M, Footer C, Gannotti M, Gappmaier E, Figl-Hertlein A, Henderson B, Hudson MK, Spiteri K, King J, Klug JL, Laakso EL, Lapier T, Lomi C, Maart S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Deep flexion activity training in a patient with stroke using task-oriented exercise: a case report.
Discussion: The task-oriented deep flexion activity intervention was associated with positive changes in functional activity and social participation in a patient recovering from stroke. PMID: 24188030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Katherasapandian H, Vaidhiyalingam P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manuscript Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 24117132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 17, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Aspects of reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale for older people.
In conclusion, SEE-SV has good item-to-total correlation, satisfactory internal consistence and substantial test--retest reliability. Our results show satisfactory content validity; however, studies are needed to further evaluate construct validity and to evaluate other aspects such as predicitve validity and responsiveness. PMID: 24083621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 1, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rydwik E, Hovmöller F, Boström C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of arm position on the ultrasonographic measurements of the acromion-greater tuberosity distance.
Abstract Abstract Ultrasonographic measurements of acromion-greater tuberosity (AGT) distance have shown to be reliable and valid in the assessment of glenohumeral subluxation (GHS) in patients with stroke. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of arm positions on ultrasonographic measurements of AGT distance. The secondary aim was to assess the intra-rater reliability of AGT distance in different arm positions. Sixteen healthy individuals with a mean age 28 standard deviation 11 years who gave informed written consent were recruited. Four clinically relevant arm positions for patients with s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 16, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kumar P, Bourke C, Flanders J, Gorman T, Patel H Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Breath control during a tiptoe task.
This study determined if the timing and magnitude of inhaled volume changes were related to mechanical events that challenge spinal stability during a tiptoe task. Thirty healthy individuals (15 male) had airflow recorded while they completed a tiptoe task which involved: moving onto tiptoe while reaching toward a hanging target (ascent); grasping and holding the target while maintaining the tiptoe position for 3 s (hold); and then returning to the start position (descent). The rate of airflow and amount of inhaled volume (normalized to vital capacity (%VC)) were identified at 13 different intervals spanning the asc...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 11, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lamberg EM, Hagins M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and concurrent criterion validity of a novel technique for analyzing hip kinematics during running.
;e JM Abstract Abstract Excessive frontal plane hip kinematics during running has been associated with numerous running pathologies. Traditionally, assessment of hip kinematics during running required expensive and complex equipment and procedures making objective running assessment difficult for practicing clinicians. The aim of this study was to establish the reliability and validity of a novel technique designed for clinicians that allows for objective assessment of frontal plane hip kinematics during running. Hip angles and excursions were measured using videos and jpeg images of 10 subjects (five males and fi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 11, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Atkins LT, James CR, Sizer PS, Jonely H, Brismée JM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research