A knowledge translation intervention designed using audit and feedback and the Theoretical Domains Framework for physical therapists working in inpatient rehabilitation: A case report.
DISCUSSION: Input from the clinicians on the educational meeting, documentation changes and placement of tracks, and support from the supervisor were used to design and locally adapt a KT intervention to change assessment practice among PTs in an inpatient sub-acute rehabilitation hospital. Implementation and evaluation of the intervention is underway. PMID: 29659311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Romney W, Salbach N, Parrott JS, Deutsch JE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Anatomical distribution of musculoskeletal disorders following a road traffic collision in litigants presenting to physiotherapists within a private-clinic in North-East England.
CONCLUSIONS: This study presents epidemiological evidence that MSDs following a RTC occur primarily in the neck/upper back or lower back regions, and that multiple MSDs are common. PMID: 29659312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sewell J, Dixon C, Morris R, Stuart S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Shoulder external rotation range of motion and pectoralis minor length in individuals with and without shoulder pain.
CONCLUSIONS: PM length is not strongly correlated with GHJ ER ROM in individuals with or without shoulder pain. However, the position in which GHJ ER ROM is measured influenced the motion in asymptomatic individuals. PMID: 29659313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rosa DP, Santos RV, Gava V, Borstad JD, Camargo PR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Level of physical activity in men and women with chronic stroke.
The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in PA, physical functioning and psychological factors and the association between these factors and PA in men and women 1-3-year post-stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 187 community-dwelling individuals with stroke (65-85 years old, 29% women) were included in a secondary analysis based on data from a cross-sectional study. The exclusion criteria were severe cognitive or language dysfunction or dementia. The level of PA was measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. Physical function included balance, walking speed and mobility. P...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Vahlberg B, Bring A, Hellström K, Zetterberg L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Association between pain drawing and psychological factors in musculoskeletal chronic pain: A systematic review.
man T Abstract BACKGROUND: It has been speculated that there is an association between pain area and psychological factors in chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions; however, this relation is not well established. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between pain distribution and psychological factors in chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We searched the following databases using optimized search strategies: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane. Studies were included if they investigated the relation between pain area using a pain...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 16, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Reis F, Guimarães F, Nogueira LC, Meziat-Filho N, Sanchez TA, Wideman T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Being present with the patient-A critical investigation of bodily sensitivity and presence in the field of physiotherapy.
This article advocates integrating ideas from phenomenological theory regarding the body with a psychoanalytical theory of language to enrich our understanding of the meaning of bodily presence in the practice of physiotherapy. The authors use this theoretical framework to explore bodily presence as a source for physiotherapists' professional development. They are using research on children as moving and meaning-producing subjects11 The concept of subject is used in different ways in phenomenology and psychoanalysis, and also in varying ways in each of the two traditions. However, here the concept is used more in line with...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 12, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Engelsrud G, Nordtug B, Øien I Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Use of trunk muscle training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation to reduce pain and disability in an older adult with chronic low back pain: A case report.
Abstract Among older adults, low back pain (LBP) is common, costly, and disabling. Trunk muscle training (TMT) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) have both been found to be effective in reducing LBP, but studies among older adults have been limited. An 83-year-old female with left-sided chronic LBP participated in a randomized controlled trial consisting of supervised TMT and NMES to the paraspinal muscles two times per week for 12 weeks. She also participated in a home exercise program. At the end of the intervention, she reported reduced LBP and LBP-related disability per the modified Oswestry disab...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 4, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pugliese JM, Sions JM, Velasco TO, Hicks GE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Examining physiotherapist use of structured aerobic exercise testing to decrease barriers to aerobic exercise.
CONCLUSION: This study found that physiotherapists are regularly implementing aerobic exercise. This exercise was infrequently guided by formal aerobic exercise testing, which could increase access to safe and effective exercise within the optimal aerobic training zone. As well, this could facilitate training in patients with cardiovascular diagnoses that require additional testing for medical clearance. Increased ECG training and access to equipment for physiotherapists may augment pre-screening aerobic exercise testing. This training should include learning the key arrhythmias for aerobic exercise test termination as def...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Foster B Sc E, Fraser JE, Inness PhD EL, Munce S, Biasin L, Poon V, Bayley M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A global health training model for teaching pediatric clinical decision making skills to Rwandan physical therapists: A case report.
DISCUSSION: This case report documents a global health continuing professional development project that improved pediatric rehabilitation knowledge and clinical skill confidence. The project incorporated sustainability by soliciting both input and involvement of the target audience from start to finish; from the needs assessment to classroom teaching. Building on these two aspects promotes a sense of ownership and longevity. PMID: 29608118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Clark K, Whalen Smith CN, Kohls L, Musabyemariya I, Kayonga Ntagungira E, Mann M, Fisher SR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Global rating of change: perspectives of patients with lumbar impairments and of their physical therapists.
CONCLUSIONS: Therapists tended to report higher GROC ratings than their patients did but there were negligible differences between MCID estimates derived from GROCp and that derived from GROCt. PMID: 29608121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wang YC, Sindhu BS, Kapellusch J, Yen SC, Lehman L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Kinesiologic tape for labor pain control: Randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Despite its safety, the KT technique did not prove to effectively control labor pain. PMID: 29608125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Miquelutti MA, Silveira C, Cecatti JG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Evaluation of a 2 to 1 peer placement supervision model by physiotherapy students and their educators.
CONCLUSIONS: 2 to 1 placements were positively evaluated by students and educators when supported by a structured supervision model. Clear guidance to students on the provision of peer feedback and support for educators providing feedback to two different students is recommended. PMID: 29608130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Alpine LM, Caldas FT, Barrett EM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A novel clinical test for assessing patellar cartilage changes and its correlation with magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy.
In conclusion, the PST shows high sensitivity and has a greater NPV than MRI as a clinical test for diagnosing CMP. PMID: 29601214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Khoo P, Ghoshal A, Byrne D, Subramaniam R, Moran R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of patellar taping on lower extremity running kinematics in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of patellar taping (Leukotape® (LT), Pinetown, South Africa, Kinesio Tape (KT), Dortmund, Germany, or no tape) on lower extremity kinematics in runners with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). METHODS: In total, 20 healthy individuals and 12 with PFPS ran on a treadmill under different taping conditions and lower extremity kinematics and stride characteristics were obtained using Peak Motus Software, Colorado, USA. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and mixed factorial analysis of variance (p 
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pelletier A, Sanzo P, Kivi D, Zerpa C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Is perceived force an accurate method of regulating exercise load for the neck?
This study determined the accuracy of perceived force as a method of regulating exercise load for the cervical flexors and extensors. METHODS: Thirty healthy individuals performed submaximal isometric cervical flexion and extension exercise at perceived intensities (25%, 50%, and 75%) of their maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with no feedback in a neck dynamometer. Measurements of "actual" versus "perceived" force levels were compared before and after the performance of an MVC. Data were analyzed descriptively and the relationship between performance error, test, and participant factors examined...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: O'Leary S, Cush AM, Ng WYW, Taanevig C, Tan JE, McPhail SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of hip extensor muscle activity including the adductor magnus during three prone hip extension exercises.
This study compared the role of the adductor magnus muscle (Amag) as a hip extensor while performing active prone hip extension (PHE), PHE with hip adduction (PHE-ADD), and PHE with hip abduction (PHE-ABD) with the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and hamstrings. METHODS: The study recruited 22 healthy participants. Electromyography data were recorded from the Amag, Gmax, and medial and lateral hamstrings during PHE, PHE-ADD, and PHE-ABD. Normalized electromyographic data were examined using one-way, repeated-measures analyses of variance. RESULTS: The magnitude of the Amag, Gmax, and hamstring activations did not differ s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ko HI, Jeon SY, Kim SH, Park KN Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of dance-based movement therapy on balance, gait, and psychological functions in severe cerebellar ataxia: A case study.
CONCLUSION: Although interpreting the findings of this study is limited to a single participant, partnered dance could be a suitable alternative physiotherapeutic intervention method for people with severely impaired mobility due to cerebellar dysfunction. PMID: 29601222 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Song YG, Ryu YU, Im SJ, Lee YS, Park JH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Providing no-cost transport to patients in an underserved area: Impact on access to physical therapy.
We describe the efforts of a private practice physical therapy (PT) clinic to reduce these barriers by offering a door-to-door van service at no cost to patients. METHODS: Clinic records and national census databases were retrospectively reviewed to explore the impact of offering no-cost van rides to patients attending outpatient PT appointments. We used descriptive statistics and linear regression to describe volume of utilization of the van service over a 40-month period. Paired t-tests compared PT clinic attendance rates (percentage of scheduled visits that were attended) before and after implementation of the van ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bove AM, Gough ST, Hausmann LRM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapists' perception of workplace ethics in an evolving health-care delivery environment: a cross-sectional survey.
This study identified groups who may be vulnerable to low perception of organizational ethical environment and identified self-reported strategies to remedy these perceptions. An ethics environment questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of 1200 physical therapists in Georgia. Respondents (n = 340) were analyzed by age, workplace setting, and position in organization. Therapists working in skilled nursing/assisted living environments scored the lowest on the questionnaire and voiced concerns regarding their ethical work environments. Owners and executives perceived their organizations to be more ethical than ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cantu R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Persons' various experiences of learning processes in patient education for osteoarthritis, a qualitative phenomenographic approach.
CONCLUSION: Different experiences of motivation and learning impact on persons' learning processes which, in turn, influence the persons' capability to accomplish self-efficacy and empowerment. The outcome space may serve as a basis for discussions between healthcare educators involved in PE to better understand what learning implies and to develop PE further. PMID: 29601226 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Larsson I, Sundén A, Ekvall Hansson E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The use of pain neuroscience education in older adults with chronic back and/or lower extremity pain.
CONCLUSION: PNE is a feasible and potentially efficacious treatment for older adults with chronic pain. PMID: 29601227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rufa A, Beissner K, Dolphin M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Evaluation of three measures of cardiorespiratory fitness in independently ambulant stroke survivors.
Abstract Measuring cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in the stroke population is challenging. Currently, the recommended method is a graded exercise test (GXT) on an ergometer such as a treadmill or cycle, which may not always be possible. We investigated whether walking tests such as the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and the shuttle walk test (SWT) may be appropriate indicators of CRF in the stroke population. Twenty-three independently ambulant stroke survivors (11 men, age 61.5 ± 18.4 years) within one-year post stroke performed the 6MWT, SWT, and cycle GXT, during which peak oxygen consumptio...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dunn A, Marsden DL, Barker D, van Vliet P, Spratt NJ, Callister R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability, validation, and "minimal detectable change" scores for frequently reported tests of objective physical function in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.
In conclusion, the ISWT, STS-60, e1RM, and CPET are reliable tests of function in CKD. The ISWT is a valid means of exercise capacity. The MDC can help researchers and rehabilitation professionals interpret changes following an intervention. PMID: 29601230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wilkinson TJ, Xenophontos S, Gould DW, Vogt BP, Viana JL, Smith AC, Watson EL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Aging and exercise: Perceptions of the active lived-body.
This article reports on the findings from interviews with 16 women between the age of 70 and 85. We analyzed the data using qualitative content analysis. Two overarching and interrelated themes concerning body perception emerged from the interviews: "The aging body and appearance" and "The body as subject and object." The binary discourse of old age, as either a decline or a success appears in our findings. The training contributes to a sense of well-being experienced through perceived increased physical abilities, self- image and self-esteem. Physical ability was perceived as being more important than ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fougner M, Bergland A, Lund A, Debesay J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Outpatient physical therapy cardiovascular assessment: Physical therapist perspective and experience.
CONCLUSION: Majority of the physical therapists were not measuring HR and BP during clinical assessment, although some reported cardiovascular adverse events occurring in their patients. PMID: 29596007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 29, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Albarrati AM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Whole body vibration on people with sequelae of polio.
CONCLUSIONS: WBV appears to be a safe exercise for this population. Long-term use in polio survivors needs to be researched, particularly in reducing barriers to participation to promote the physical aspects of health. PMID: 29596010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 29, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Da Silva CP, Szot CL, deSa N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Magnetic-resonance-imaging-based three-dimensional muscle reconstruction of hip abductor muscle volume in a person with a transfemoral bone-anchored prosthesis: A feasibility study.
CONCLUSION: The presented technique appears feasible to follow muscle volume changes over time in a person with a cobalt-chrome-molybdenum transfemoral bone-anchored prosthesis in an experimental setting. Future research should focus on analysis of muscle tissue composition and the feasibility in bone-anchored prostheses of other alloys. PMID: 29589767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leijendekkers RA, Marra MA, Ploegmakers MJM, Van Hinte G, Frölke JP, Van De Meent H, Staal JB, Hoogeboom TJ, Verdonschot N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of portable handheld versus fixed isokinetic dynamometers in measuring strength of the wrist and forearm.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the dynamometers demonstrated acceptable correlations supporting concurrent validity for measuring forearm and wrist strength, except with the screwdriver handle. However, different tools, positions, and handle interfaces provided different absolute values, therefore the tools cannot be used interchangeably. It is recommended that repeated measurements to monitor patient progress are taken with the same tool and handle type. PMID: 29589769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lucado A, Fraher L, Patel H, Munck G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Solution space: Monitoring the dynamics of motor rehabilitation.
This article presents and discusses a perspective on the concept of "solution space" in physiotherapy. The model is illustrated with a subjective assessment of the way movements are performed and an objective quantification of the dynamics of the recovery process for a patient with a knee injury. Based on insights from the domain of human motor control, solution space is a key concept in our recovery model that explains the emergence of a variety of adaptive changes that may occur in the movement system recovering from an injury. The three dimensions that span the solution space are: (1) information and control p...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bosga J, Hullegie W, Cingel RV, Meulenbroek R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Inter-rater reliability of DartfishTM movement analysis software for measuring maximum flexion and extension at the hip and knee in older adults with osteoporosis and osteopenia.
This study evaluates the inter-rater reliability of using DartfishTM 2-D Motion Analysis Software to measure maximum flexion and extension angles at the hip and knee in individuals with OP or OPe while performing five tasks of the Safe Functional Motion test. Twelve participants were videotaped performing the pour, footwear, newspaper, sweep, and sit-to-floor tasks. Five raters used DartfishTM to analyze maximum flexion and extension angles at the hip and knee, and an intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) and SEM were calculated for each measurement. In all five tasks, ICC and SEM values ranged from 0.23 to 0.95, and ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Allen T, Hollingham Z, MacWhirter J, Welsh M, Negm A, Adachi JD, MacIntyre NJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Mirror therapy and treadmill training for a patient with chronic stroke: A case report.
DISCUSSION: The positive outcomes from this new combination therapy for this participant are encouraging given the relatively small dose of training and indicate the potential benefit of mirror therapy as an adjunct to treadmill training for enhancing lower limb muscle tone, motor function and walking velocity in patients with chronic stroke. PMID: 29589777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Broderick P, Horgan F, Blake C, Hickey P, O'Reilly J, Ehrensberger M, Simpson D, Roberts D, Monaghan K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy management of patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP): A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence currently available is sparse with methodological flaws, making it difficult to recommend a specific physiotherapy option. There is an urgent need for high-quality randomized controlled trials to identify the most effective physiotherapy management strategy for patients with CPP. PMID: 29589778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Klotz SGR, Schön M, Ketels G, Löwe B, Brünahl CA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Immediate preoperative outcomes of pain neuroscience education for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty: A case series.
CONCLUSIONS: Results appear to suggest that immediately after PNE, patients scheduled for TKA had statistically significant changes in fear of movement, decreased sensitivity to pain and positive shifts in their beliefs about their future knee surgery. Larger trials with control/comparison groups are warranted to determine the true effects of preoperative PNE for patients about to undergo TKA. PMID: 29589782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Zimney K, Reed J, Landers M, Puentedura EJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Implementation of motor learning principles in physical therapy practice: Survey of physical therapists' perceptions and reported implementation.
CONCLUSIONS: Level of self-efficacy might be insufficient to support the systematic implementation of ML principles in practice. Addressing impeding individual- and organizational-level factors might facilitate ML self-efficacy and implementation. Postgraduate education facilitates ML implementation. PMID: 29589787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Atun-Einy O, Kafri M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

How physiotherapists perceive, interpret, and respond to the ethical dimensions of practice: A qualitative study.
Abstract The profile and reach of physiotherapy has expanded in areas of extended scope of practice, and broader engagement with population needs beyond the individual treatment encounter. These changes raise increasingly complex ethical challenges evidenced by growth in physiotherapy-based ethics studies and discussions. This paper examines how a broad cross section of Australian physiotherapists perceive, interpret, and respond to ethical challenges in their work contexts and how professional codes of conduct are used in their practice. Using an interpretive qualitative methodology, purposive sampling of 88 memb...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Delany C, Edwards I, Fryer C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of applying consistent pressure to the stationary and the moving arm on measurement reliability of glenohumeral internal rotation range of motion.
CONCLUSION: MSHC with ACP to both arms leads to reliable GIR ROM measurement in a clinical setting. PMID: 29578820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hwang UJ, Kwon OY, Jeon IC, Jung SH, Kim MH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and relationship of the fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire with the shoulder pain and disability index and numeric pain rating scale in patients with shoulder pain.
ook C Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) the test-retest reliability of Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) Work (FABQW) subscale, FABQ Physical Activity (FABQPA) subscale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) Pain subscale, SPADI Disability subscale, and Numeric Pain Rating scale (NPRS); and 2) the relationship between the FABQPA, FABQW, SPADI pain, SPADI disability, and NPRS after 4 weeks of pragmatically applied physical therapy (PT) in patients with shoulder pain. DESIGN: Prospective, single-group observational design. METHODS: Data were collected at i...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Riley SP, Tafuto V, Cote M, Brismée JM, Wright A, Cook C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Acute physiological responses in pregnant women during exercises in different positions.
CONCLUSION: This study points that acute physiological responses to the positional challenge similarly occur in all trimester of pregnant women. Short duration exercise in the Std positions exerts more physiologic stresses on cardiorespiratory functions than in the Sup, Side, and Sit positions. PMID: 29558235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chaunchaiyakul R, Pinthong M, Ajjimaporn A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

How physiotherapists supervise to enhance practical skills in dedicated aides of toddlers with cerebral palsy: A qualitative observational study.
CONCLUSION: Supervision is an emergent process where knowledge is transformed through interactions and shared sense-making processes. IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians should be aware of the context-dependent and interactional factors that drive the supervision process. PMID: 29558237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sørvoll M, Obstfelder A, Normann B, Øberg GK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of dry needling on cubital tunnel syndrome: Three case reports.
Abstract This case series describes three patients who presented with right medial elbow pain managed unsuccessfully with conservative treatment that included medication, massage, exercise therapy, ultrasound therapy, neurodynamic mobilization, and taping. Diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome was based on palpatory findings, a positive elbow flexion test, and a positive Tinel's sign. Conventionally, the intervention for this entrapment has been surgical decompression, with successful outcomes. This is potentially a first-time description of the successful management of cubital tunnel syndrome with dry needling (DN...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 12, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Anandkumar S, Manivasagam M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors influencing physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs toward chronic low back pain: Impact of a care network belonging.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the attitudes and beliefs of physiotherapists (PTs) regarding the management of chronic LBP and to investigate the factors which influence them. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in the French Loire Valley region by a questionnaire sent to the private PTs between June and September 2014. Demographic data and modalities of practices were collected in association with the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale (PABS) which is a specific self-administered questionnaire designed to assess the "biomedical" or "behavioral" (i.e., biopsychosocial) management orie...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Petit A, Begue C, Richard I, Roquelaure Y Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The use of commercially available games for a combined physical and cognitive challenge during exercise for individuals with Parkinson's disease - a case series report.
Abstract Complexity of an animal's environment has been shown to affect structural and functional changes in the brain. Evidence from animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) suggests that exercising in an enriched environment may protect against the onset of Parkinsonian symptoms in rats that are exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. The variety of activities and visual interfaces that can be created using commercially available gaming devices provide cognitively stimulating as well as physically challenging environments for exercise. This case series will: 1) elaborate on the rationale behind...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pradhan S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Functional measures show improvements after a home exercise program following supervised balance training in older adults with elevated fall risk.
Abstract Supervised balance training shows immediate benefit for older adults at fall risk. The long-term effectiveness of such training can be enhanced by implementing a safe and simple home exercise program (HEP). We investigated the effects of a12-week unsupervised HEP following supervised clinic-based balance training on functional mobility, balance, fall risk, and gait. Six older adults with an elevated fall risk obtained an HEP and comprised the HEP group (HEPG) and five older adults who were not given an HEP comprised the no HEP group (NoHEPG). The HEP consisted of three static balance exercises: feet-toget...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tisher K, Mann K, VanDyke S, Johansson C, Vallabhajosula S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Few adults with functional limitations advised to exercise more or lose weight in NHANES 2011-14 seek health professional assistance: An opportunity for physical therapists.
CONCLUSIONS: Few individuals with functional limitations advised to lose weight or increase exercise seek health professional assistance for weight loss. Physical therapists have an opportunity to assist those with functional limitations with exercise prescription. PMID: 29498558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kinslow B, De Heer HD, Warren M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Pelvic floor outcomes in patients who have undergone general rehabilitation following surgery for colorectal cancer: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing a general rehabilitation program following surgery for CRC demonstrated improved bowel symptoms from pre- to post-rehabilitation program; however, there were no differences when compared with matched controls who did not undertake rehabilitation. Further studies with larger sample sizes and longer-term follow-up are needed confirm these findings. PMID: 29498563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 2, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lin KY, Denehy L, Granger CL, Frawley HC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Safety and feasibility of transcranial direct current stimulation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - a pilot study with a single subject experimental design.
CONCLUSIONS: This case study demonstrates the safety and feasibility of long-term facilitatory and inhibitory tDCS on a single participant with ALS. This study serves as a guideline for implementing tDCS in future ALS trials. PMID: 29488820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Madhavan S, Sivaramakrishnan A, Bond S, Jiang QL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The Danish version of Lymphoedema Functioning, Disability and Health Questionnaire (Lymph-ICF) for breast cancer survivors: Translation and cultural adaptation followed by validity and reliability testing.
CONCLUSION: The translated and adjusted Lymph-ICF DK (Denmark) is reliable and valid, allowing for assessing self-reported impairments in function, activity limitations, and participation restrictions in Danish patients with breast cancer-related arm lymphedema. PMID: 29485298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Grarup KR, Devoogdt N, Strand LI Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Space perception, movement, and insight: attuning to the space of everyday life after major weight loss.
This article explores this discrepancy in depth from the perspective of phenomenology and space perception and through the concepts of body image, body schema, and affordances. It draws on an empirical example in which a nautical engineer described his lived experience of returning to work following bariatric surgery and the discrepancies he experienced while adjusting to his new situation, particularly when moving his smaller body around the ship's engine room, previously inaccessible to him. Analysis of this empirical example suggests that transitions in weight and size following bariatric surgery are both highly explici...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Natvik E, Groven KS, Råheim M, Gjengedal E, Gallagher S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Variation in perceived providers of ambulatory physical therapy in the United States, 2009-2012: An analysis using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.
CONCLUSION: Non-physical therapist providers are responsible for a substantial amount of PT delivery in the US. Numbers of visits and total expenditures varied by the type of provider delivering PT. PMID: 29485316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brooks G, Dolphin M, Rufa A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using the Hemophilia Joint Health Score for assessment of children: Reliability of the Spanish version.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Numerous measuring instruments for the evaluation of hemophilic arthropathy have been developed. One of the most used systems is the Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) given its sensitivity to clinical changes appearing in the joints because of recurrent hemarthrosis. OBJECTIVE: Assessing the interrater reliability, using the Spanish version of the HJHS (version 2.1) in children with hemophilia. DESIGN: Reliability study to assess the interrater reliability of the Spanish version of HJHS. METHODS: A sample of 36 children aged 7-13 years diagnosed with hemophilia A or B ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: R CB, A TO, S PA, J CJ, F Q, J NM, Ja LP Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research