Inter- and intratester reliability values of ultrasound imaging measurements of diaphragm movement in the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine intertester and intratester reliability of ultrasound measurements of bilateral diaphragm excursions in the thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal curves of 31 females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) (mean age = 14.1 ± 1.8 years). METHOD: Subjects were tested during tidal breathing using real-time ultrasound imaging with a 3.5 MHz curvilinear transducer. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in intratester and intertester reliability values in bilateral diaphragmatic excursions measured at the thoracolumbar spinal curve, w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Noh DK, Koh JH, You JS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Patients suffering from rheumatic disease describing own experiences from participating in Basic Body Awareness Group Therapy: A qualitative pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The study described perspectives in movement learning experienced by patients. The results support the view that contact with the body can help patients exploring and cultivating their own resources for a more functional movement quality. Descriptions of relational movement learning aspects can contribute to our understanding of physiotherapy group design. PMID: 26863582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 10, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Olsen AL, Skjaerven LH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Relative electromyographic activity in trunk, hip, and knee muscles during unilateral weight bearing exercises: Implications for rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: Lower AO and LE activation most likely resulted from subjects maintaining a vertical trunk position over the stance limb during each exercise. The fact that the exercises required greater frontal plane control (from balancing on a single limb) most likely accounted for lower GMX activity. The exercises would provide little, if any, benefit for individuals with AO, LE, or GMX weakness. The unilateral weight bearing exercises would be beneficial for GM neuromuscular re-education and endurance and VM strengthening. PMID: 26761186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 13, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bolgla LA, Cruz MF, Roberts LH, Buice AM, Pou TS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A comparison of two stretching programs for hamstring muscles: A randomized controlled assessor-blinded study.
In conclusion, the fact that both stretching programs resulted in similar results suggests no influence of the joint at which the stretching is focused upon, as assessed by the straight leg raising and knee extension angle tests. PMID: 26756214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Demoulin C, Wolfs S, Chevalier M, Granado C, Grosdent S, Depas Y, Roussel N, Hage R, Vanderthommen M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of crutches, an orthosis TheraTogs, and no walking aids on the recovery of gait in a patient with delayed healing post hip fracture: A case report.
Abstract Accelerated rehabilitation following hip fracture and joint replacement, including early unrestricted weight-bearing and muscle strengthening, has gained importance in hastening functional recovery and hospital discharge. The influence of walking aids on these parameters is sparsely investigated. In this case report, we document the effect of walking with crutches; an orthotic garment and strapping system, TheraTogs; and no walking aids over 3-4-week periods on walking speed, trunk sway, and muscle activity measured with electromyography (EMG). The patient was a 49-year-old female showing delayed healing ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maguire C, Sieben JM, Scheidhauer H, Romkes J, Suica Z, de Bie RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Peak torque, reaction time, and rate of torque development of hip abductors and adductors of older women.
ga MT Abstract Impaired muscle function at the hip has been implicated to be a major factor related to falls in older adults. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the rate of torque development (RTD), reaction time (RT), and peak torque (PT) of hip abductors and hip adductors in young women (YW), older women nonfallers (ONF), and older women fallers (OF). Eighteen YW and 44 older women divided among OF (n = 20) and ONF (n = 24) performed maximum isometric hip abductor and adduction contractions on a dynamometer. YW had 40% greater PT and 61.5% greater RTD for hip abductors than the ONF. Compared with OF...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Morcelli MH, Rossi DM, Karuka AH, Crozara LF, Hallal CZ, Marques NR, Gonçalves M, Navega MT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility and effectiveness of adding object-related bilateral symmetrical training to mirror therapy in chronic stroke: A randomized controlled pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the feasibility of adding object-related bilateral training to MT. Both types of training improved UL bilateral activity; however, a larger sample is required for a definitive study. Other studies need to be carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of combining more distal-oriented movements and object-related unilateral training to improve these effects in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 26756623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rodrigues LC, Farias NC, Gomes RP, Michaelsen SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using near infrared light to manage symptoms associated with restless legs syndrome.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether the application of near infrared (NIR) light could positively modulate symptoms associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS). Twenty-one subjects with RLS were treated with NIR three times weekly for four weeks. Baseline measures of: (1) international restless legs syndrome rating scale (IRLSRS) score; (2) Semmes Weinstein monofilament (SWM) test; (3) visual analog pain scale (VAS); (4) ankle-brachial index (ABI); and (5) sonographic imaging of the popliteal and posterior tibial arteries were compared to post-treatment values. NIR (850 nm) was delivered t...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Guffey JS, Motts S, Barymon D, Wooten A, Clough T, Payne E, Henderson M, Tice N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measurement of craniovertebral angle by the Modified Head Posture Spinal Curvature Instrument: A reliability and validity study.
This study demonstrates that the MHPSCI is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring CV angle in subjects with or without postural neck pain. PMID: 26756923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Subbarayalu AV Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Student-clinician agreement in clinical competence as a predictor of clinical placement performance in Australian undergraduate physiotherapy students.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The opportunity for student self-reflection and the accuracy of that reflection are critical to the acquisition of professional competencies. The relationship between student-clinician agreement and clinical performance in physiotherapy students has not yet been investigated. The aim was to determine whether a simple measure of student-clinician agreement assessed midway during a clinical placement predicts final placement score. PARTICIPANTS: 100 undergraduate Monash University Bachelors of Physiotherapy students and their clinical educators. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Assessment of Phy...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lo K, Osadnik CR, Leonard M, Maloney SR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

"A touch of physiotherapy" - the significance and meaning of touch in the practice of physiotherapy.
"A touch of physiotherapy" - the significance and meaning of touch in the practice of physiotherapy. Physiother Theory Pract. 2016 Jan 11;:1-10 Authors: Bjorbækmo WS, Mengshoel AM Abstract Touch, while ubiquitous and ever present in the practice of physiotherapy, is conspicuously absent from physiotherapy-related research. Based on a theoretical perspective inspired by phenomenology, this article explores and elaborates on the meaning and significance of touch in the practice of physiotherapy. The research data were generated through 16 close observations conducted in primary care clin...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bjorbækmo WS, Mengshoel AM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Measuring distress in South African children during burns dressing changes: A pilot study.
DISCUSSION: South African children's distress during burn dressing changes manifests in different ways. Adequate capture of it requires a comprehensive set of objective, observational, and qualitative measures, which are independent of language and culture. PMID: 26752343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw Q, Firfirey N, Grimmer K, van Niekerk SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Gender-sensitive and youth-friendly physiotherapy: Steps toward a stress management intervention for girls and young women.
This article describes and evaluates initial steps of a gender-sensitive, youth-friendly group intervention model designed for teenage girls and young women who experience stress-related or psychosomatic problems. Fifty-four young women (16-25 years of age) participated in a gender-sensitive physiotherapy stress management course at a youth health center. Inclusion criteria were self-defined stress-related problems and a wish to participate in the group intervention. Measurements of aspects of body perception, self-image, multiple somatic problems, and mental health symptom areas were assessed both before and after interve...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Strömbäck M, Wiklund M, Salander Renberg E, Malmgren-Olsson EB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of kinesiologic taping on epidermal-dermal distance, pain, edema and inflammation after experimentally induced soft tissue trauma.
Abstract PURPOSE: In sports medicine, the use of kinesiologic tape has recently gained popularity. Although widely used, there is no study examining the effects of kinesiologic tape on soft tissue after a contusion injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of kinesiologic taping on epidermal-dermal distance, edema, pain and inflammation after experimentally induced contusion injury. METHODS: Twelve adult female Wistar albino rats were divided into two groups: (1) 30 min group: n = 6, weight range: 182.0-199.4 g; and (2) 6 h group: n = 6, weight r...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kafa N, Citaker S, Omeroglu S, Peker T, Coskun N, Diker S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manuscript Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 26492436 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of increased weekend physiotherapy service provision in critical care: a mixed methods study.
CONCLUSION: PTs perceived enhanced service was beneficial for continuity of weekday care and improved patient function. Future studies need to focus on measuring the effect of increased weekend provision on outcomes, preventing complications and length of stay. PMID: 26467461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Duncan C, Hudson M, Heck C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Current evidence demonstrates similar effects of kilohertz-frequency and low-frequency current on quadriceps evoked torque and discomfort in healthy individuals: a systematic review with meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: KFAC and PC have similar effects on quadriceps evoked torque and self-reported discomfort level in healthy individuals. The small number and overall methodological quality of currently available studies included in this meta-analysis indicate that new RCTs are needed to better determine optimal NMES treatment parameters. PMID: 26467544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: da Silva VZ, Durigan JL, Arena R, de Noronha M, Gurney B, Cipriano G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Long-term effects of an intensive interventional training program based on activities for individuals with spinal cord injury: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: For trained individuals with chronic SCIs, classified "A" according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), an ABT program did not significantly affect the scores of the scales used to assess quality of life (SF-36) and functional independence (FIM). PMID: 26467667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Padula N, Costa M, Batista A, Gaspar R, Motta C, Palma G, Torriani-Pasin C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Posture-cognition interaction during quiet standing in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effects of cognitive task (silent backward counting) on postural control in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) (n = 25) as compared with asymptomatic controls (n = 25). Static postural control during quiet standing was assessed under different conditions including: (1) rigid surface-open eyes; (2) rigid surface-closed eyes; (3) foam surface-open eyes; and (4) foam surface-closed eyes. Dependent variables were center of pressure (COP) parameters and cognitive score. The results of this study showed that for most COP parameters, the ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Negahban H, Karimi M, Goharpey S, Mehravar M, Namnik N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Does hippotherapy effect use of sensory information for balance in people with multiple sclerosis?
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that HPOT may be a beneficial physical therapy treatment strategy to improve balance, functional gait, and enhance how some individuals with MS process sensory cues for postural control. Randomized clinical trials will be necessary to validate results of this study. PMID: 26467902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lindroth JL, Sullivan JL, Silkwood-Sherer D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Electromyographic and kinetic analysis of two abdominal muscle performance tests.
CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests that these tests may measure different qualities of muscle performance and provides preliminary support for their use. Further evaluation of these assessments with clinical populations is necessary. PMID: 26467996 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 14, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Haladay DE, Denegar CR, Miller SJ, Challis J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

US hospital-based direct access with radiology referral: an administrative case report.
DISCUSSION: While institutional regulations and reimbursement are reported as barriers to direct access, this report highlights the process one academic medical center used to implement direct access and advanced practice radiology referral by updating policies and procedures, identifying advanced competencies and communicating with necessary stakeholder groups. Favorable reimbursement for services is documented. PMID: 26451511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 9, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Keil A, Brown SR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A clinical contrast: physical therapists with low back pain treating patients with low back pain.
Abstract Patients with low back pain (LBP) often display faulty beliefs and cognitions regarding their pain experience. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) aims to alter the pain experience by targeting these faulty beliefs and cognitions. One PNE strategy aims specifically to reframe commonly held beliefs about tissues by patients with LBP as the single source of pain. In line with this reasoning, it is hypothesized that physical therapists (PT) treating patients with LBP may indeed experience similar, if not worse, pain experiences while treating a patient with LBP. To date, this assumption has never been studied....
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 9, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Puentedura EJ, Zimney K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An electromyographic investigation of the pattern of overflow facilitated by manual resistive proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in young healthy individuals: a preliminary study.
CONCLUSION: A resistance exercise would appear to be effective in producing electrical activity in the contralateral homologous muscles of non-exercised limb. PMID: 26452149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 9, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Reznik JE, Biros E, Bartur G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of a six-month yoga exercise intervention on fitness outcomes for breast cancer survivors.
This study reports on the improvements in physical fitness for 20 breast cancer survivors who participated in a six-month yoga-based exercise program (YE). Results are compared to a comprehensive exercise (CE) program group and a comparison (C) exercise group who chose their own exercises. "Pre" and "post" fitness assessments included measures of anthropometrics, cardiorespiratory capacity, strength and flexibility. Descriptive statistics, effect size (d), dependent sample 't' tests for all outcome measures were calculated for the YE group. Significant improvements included: decreased % body fat (-3.00%...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hughes DC, Darby N, Gonzalez K, Boggess T, Morris RM, Ramirez AG Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A comparison of the effects of visual deprivation and regular body weight support treadmill training on improving over-ground walking of stroke patients: a multiple baseline single subject design.
In this study, we compare the effect of VDBWST training and conventional BWST training on spatiotemporal gait parameters for three individuals who had hemiparetic strokes. We used a single-subject experimental design, alternating multiple baselines across the individuals. We recruited three individuals with hemiparesis from stroke; two on the left side and one on the right. For the main outcome measures we assessed spatiotemporal gait parameters using GAITRite, including: gait velocity; cadence; step time of the affected side (STA); step time of the non-affected side (STN); step length of the affected side (SLA); step leng...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kim JS, Kang SY, Jeon HS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Preoperative therapeutic neuroscience education for lumbar radiculopathy: a single-case fMRI report.
Abstract Therapeutic neuroscience education (TNE) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of mainly chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions. This case study aims to describe the changes in brain activation on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning, before and after the application of a newly-designed preoperative TNE program. A 30-year-old female with a current acute episode of low back pain (LBP) and radiculopathy participated in a single preoperative TNE session. She completed pre- and post-education measures including visual analog scale (VAS) for LBP and leg pain; Oswestry Disability Ind...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Puentedura EJ, Diener I, Peoples RR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Moving without moving: immediate management following lumbar spine surgery using a graded motor imagery approach: a case report.
Abstract Representational body maps are dynamically maintained in the brain and negatively influenced by neglect, decreased movement and pain. Graded motor imagery (GMI) utilizing various tactile and cognitive processes has shown efficacy in decreasing pain, disability and movement restrictions in musculoskeletal pain. Limited information is known about the cortical changes patients undergo during lumbar surgery (LS), let alone the therapeutic effect of GMI for LS. A 56-year-old patient underwent LS for low back pain, leg pain and progressive neurological deficit. Twenty-four hours prior to and 48 h after L...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Schmidt SG, Louw C, Puentedura EJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Laserlight visual cueing device for freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease: a case study of the biomechanics involved.
CONCLUSION: Laserlight visual cueing improved step length beyond a non-cued condition for this patient indicating improved posture and muscle control. PMID: 26395829 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Egerton CJ, McCandless P, Evans B, Janssen J, Richards JD Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manual lymphatic drainage and multilayer compression therapy for vulvar edema: a case series.
CONCLUSION: The present case series is the first to report the use of the MLD and MCT in the successful management of female genital edema. This report suggests that the vulvar edemas for these four patients treated with MLD and MCT seem to resolve faster than expected based on previously reported untreated edemas or edemas treated with different therapeutic approaches. PMID: 26395830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 25, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pinto E Silva MP, Bassani MA, Miquelutti MA, Marques Ade A, do Amaral MT, de Oliveira MM, Ferreira Nde O Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Assessment of shoulder active range of motion in prone versus supine: a reliability and concurrent validity study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: As swimming and surfing are prone dominant sports, it would be more sport specific to assess shoulder active range of motion in this position. OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability of the inclinometer and HALO© for assessing shoulder active range of motion in supine and prone and the concurrent validity of the HALO©. Concurrent validity is based on the comparison of the HALO© and inclinometer. To determine if active range of motion (AROM) differences exists between prone and supine when assessing shoulder internal (IR) and external rotation (ER). DESIGN: The design ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 11, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Furness J, Johnstone S, Hing W, Abbott A, Climstein M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy as a promoter of sexual health.
Abstract Despite the holistic intention of physiotherapy, sexual health receives insufficient attention by physiotherapists. Sexual health is an important part of general health and well-being, which is often negatively affected by physical and psychological disorders. There are several reasons why sexual health should be addressed by physiotherapists, and this article aims to describe the role of the physiotherapist as a promoter of good sexual health and implementation of sexual health in clinical physiotherapy. PMID: 26196697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 22, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Areskoug-Josefsson K, Gard G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapists' stories about professional development.
CONCLUSION: Non-formal ways of learning in working life may help physiotherapists learn and develop confidence, communication strategies and different approaches to treatment. Besides reflection on personal experience and patient encounters, learning and development may be promoted and supported by taking on challenges and changing settings. PMID: 26196698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 22, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pettersson AF, Bolander Laksov K, Fjellström M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Sincerity of effort versus feigned movement control of the cervical spine in patients with whiplash-associated disorders and asymptomatic persons: a case-control study.
on MK Abstract STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the Fly Test can be used to differentiate patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) from asymptomatic persons who deliberately feign symptoms and from WAD patients exaggerating symptoms. BACKGROUND: The lack of valid clinical tests makes it difficult to detect a justifiable cause for compensation claims in traumatic neck-pain disorders. METHODS: The Fly Test recorded the accuracy of neck movements in patients with WAD (n = 34) and asymptomatic persons (n = 31). The participants...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 22, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Oddsdóttir GL, Kristjansson E, Gislason MK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Rehabilitation considerations for a patient with external hemipelvectomy and hemisacrectomy for recurrent soft tissue pelvic sarcoma: a case report.
CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that continuous interdisciplinary care of a complex patient with EHP and hemisacrectomy contributes to significant improvement in functional mobility exceeding prior level of function. This case is particularly interesting because in addition to having a rare diagnosis and undergoing an uncommon surgical procedure, this patient was confined to bed for 4 months prior to surgical intervention, and thus began rehabilitation with a baseline of limited functional mobility and high caregiver burden. PMID: 26196700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 22, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schaal Wilson RE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility of using a large amplitude movement therapy to improve ambulatory function in children with cerebral palsy.
Abstract Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor disability among children. Limited evidence exists regarding the efficacy of traditional rehabilitation strategies on improving ambulatory function in this population. The purpose of the study was to investigate the feasibility and short-term effects of a novel large amplitude movement therapy on ambulatory functions in children with CP. Temporal-spatial gait characteristics were examined before and after a single intervention session, replicated over five children. Five children with CP (7.0 ± 1.0 years); Gross Motor Function Clas...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 8, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hickman R, Dufek JS, Lee SP, Blahovec A, Kuiken A, Riggins H, McClellan JR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Positive pressure - analysing the effect of the addition of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) to home airway clearance techniques (ACT) in adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients.
CONCLUSION: This study is limited by small numbers; however, trends towards less hospital admissions and greater patient ease while using NIV with ACT warrant further investigation. PMID: 25942366 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 1, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Stanford G, Parrott H, Bilton D, Agent P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reproducibility of the incremental shuttle walk test for women with morbid obesity.
Conclusion: The practice of repeating the ISWT appears to be unnecessary for women with morbid obesity, as demonstrated by the excellent reproducibility of the test. PMID: 25693909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 19, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Peixoto-Souza FS, Sampaio LM, de Campos EC, Cangussu Barbalho-Moulim M, Nascimento de Araujo P, Laurino Neto RM, Arena R, Costa D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Differential diagnosis and treatment of bilateral facial pain after whiplash: a case report.
The objective of the current case report was to detail the clinical reasoning and management of an uncommon patient presentation. Case description: The 41-year-old female patient of the current case complained of shooting pain in the jaw, cheek and forehead beginning 7 days after her accident. No imaging was performed, and examination ruled out serious pathology. The patient was treated primarily with deep neck flexor (DNF) and proprioceptive training for 10 visits over an 8-week period. Outcomes: The Numeric Pain Rating Scale improved from 2/10 to 0/10, the Neck Disability Index improved from 17/50 to 1/50, and the Neck F...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 11, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Peterson S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy with newborns and infants: applying concepts of phenomenology and synactive theory to guide interventions.
rg GK Abstract Abstract Physical therapy involving newborns and young infants is a specialized area of practice reserved for therapists who have advanced training and the competence to help newborns, young infants and their families meet their goals. Beginning at birth, infants apply a significant amount of effort to actively participate in and shape their world. Infants make their intentions and requests for support known through their behaviors during social and physical therapy encounters. The therapeutic encounter viewed from the infant's perspective has received limited attention in the physical therapy liter...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 11, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Blanchard Y, Øberg GK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Magnitudes of muscle activation of spine stabilizers, gluteals, and hamstrings during supine bridge to neutral position.
Abstract Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude of selective core muscle activation during supine bridging to neutral exercises (three on a stable and three on an unstable surface). Surface EMG analysis was performed on the lumbar multifidus, gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, and hamstrings from 13 male and 13 female subjects. Lumbar multifidus recruitment was not influenced by exercise or condition and ranged between 29.2 and 35.9% of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). Peak gluteus medius activation (42.0% MVIC) occurred in unstable single-leg bridge. Maximum recruitment of gluteu...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 11, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Youdas JW, Hartman JP, Murphy BA, Rundle AM, Ugorowski JM, Hollman JH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Perceptions of exercise and quality of life in older patients in the United States during the first year following coronary artery bypass surgery.
Discussion and conclusion: Motivating themes remained consistent across the time intervals but the number of responses regarding barriers to exercise increased over time. A better understanding of the patient experience may help to promote exercise initiation and adherence following CAB surgery. PMID: 25630389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 29, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cleary K, LaPier T, Rippee A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapists' perceptions of sexual boundaries in clinical practice in the United States.
Conclusions: Sexuality is part of the physical therapy practice environment and physical therapists' understanding of sexual boundaries is ambiguous. These data can inform professional conversation on sexual boundaries in physical therapy practice leading to greater understanding and decreased potential for violations. PMID: 25630390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 29, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Roush SE, Cox K, Garlick J, Kane M, Marchand L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapist-initiated lung ultrasound to improve intensive care management of a deteriorating patient and prevent intubation: a case report.
Discussion: The addition of LUS to the critical care physiotherapist's assessment skills may provide clinical benefit. The increased diagnostic accuracy of LUS compared with other routine assessments warrants further investigation. PMID: 25630391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 29, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leech M, Bissett B, Kot M, Ntoumenopoulos G Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Determination of the relationship between cognitive function and hand dexterity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a cross-sectional study.
Abstract Abstract Background: Hand dexterity is important for daily living activities and can be related to cognitive functions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cognitive dysfunction and hand dexterity in patients with COPD. Methods: 35 COPD patients and 36 healthy individuals were assessed. The Minnesota Hand Dexterity Test and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) were used for assessment of cognitive function and hand dexterity. Results: Hand dexterity test scores and cognitive function of COPD patients' we...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 27, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Soysal Tomruk M, Ozalevlı S, Dızdar G, Narın S, Kılınc O Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Magnitudes of gluteus medius muscle activation during standing hip joint movements in spiral-diagonal patterns using elastic tubing resistance.
Abstract Abstract The aim of this study was to simultaneously quantify electromyographic (EMG) activation levels (% maximum voluntary isometric contraction [MVIC]) within the gluteus medius muscles on both moving and stance limbs across the performance of four proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) spiral-diagonal patterns in standing using resistance provided by elastic tubing. Differential EMG activity was recorded from the gluteus medius muscle of 26 healthy participants. EMG signals were collected with surface electrodes at a sampling frequency of 1000 Hz during three consecutive repetitions of each s...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 27, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Youdas JW, Adams KE, Bertucci JE, Brooks KJ, Steiner MM, Hollman JH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Treating gynaecological pain: the experiences of bachelor students in physiotherapy performing somatocognitive therapy.
Abstract Abstract Background: Longstanding gynecological pain affects large numbers of women in the Western world. In recently published studies, we have found that a hybrid of physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy called somatocognitive therapy (SCT) ameliorates physical symptoms and psychological distress. In this paper, we report on the experiences of undergraduate physiotherapy students performing the therapy to patients with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD). Aim: The study aimed to investigate the nature of the collaborative interaction between female physiotherapy students and patients with PVD, focusing on...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 27, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fougner M, Haugstad GK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Muscle activation pattern and onset times during a semi-orthostatic, unilateral closed-kinetic hip extension exercise in adolescent males.
Abstract Abstract The hip extensors are an important muscle group for sporting and functional movements, but assessing this muscle group for musculoskeletal dysfunction and strength testing has been performed in adult males and females as a prone, open-chain exercise, which provides little posture specificity for locomotive activities. Given the importance of closed-kinetic chain exercises for strength and rehabilitation requirements, there is an obvious need to assess hip extension but little is known about executing a closed-kinetic chain hip extension exercise for adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 23, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cochrane DJ, Harnett MC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of a community-based multimodal exercise program on physical function and quality of life in cancer survivors: a pilot study.
Abstract Abstract The purpose of this single-arm pilot study was to examine the effects of a community-based multimodal exercise program on: physical function (Timed-Up-and-Go [TUG], 6-min walk test [6MWT], leg and chest press strength, and functional reach [FR]); and quality of life, QoL [FACT-G]), in cancer survivors. Fifty-nine cancer survivors (91.5% female; mean age 59 ± 12 years) completed supervised exercise training for 90 min twice weekly for 12 weeks. Exercise training consisted of 30 min of each of the following: (1) aerobic conditioning; (2) resistance training; and (...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 23, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Foley MP, Barnes VA, Hasson SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effectiveness of standardized approach versus usual care on physiotherapy treatment for patients submitted to alveolar bone graft: a pilot study.
Abstract Abstract Aim: To compare the acute effects of a standardized physiotherapy protocol versus a typical non-standardized physiotherapy protocol on pain and performance of patients undergoing alveolar bone graft (ABG). Method: Sixteen patients (9 males; 12 [11-13] years) with cleft lip and palate undergoing ABG were allocated into two groups: (1) experimental group - EG (standardized physiotherapy protocol); and (2) control group - CG (typical, non-standardized physiotherapy treatment). Range of motion, muscle strength, gait speed and pain level were assessed prior to surgical intervention (PRE), as well as o...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 22, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Vidotto LS, Bigliassi M, Silva TM, Probst VS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research