Comparative reliability of the make and break tests for hip abduction assessment.
Conclusions: Hip abduction strength can be measured and reproduced between testers reliably using both a "MT" and "BT" and a long lever arm with pelvic stabilization. Statistically, the "MT" appears to be slightly more reliable than the "BT", but clinically, the "BT" is more practical and convenient. PMID: 23706084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 24, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Schmidt J, Iverson J, Brown S, Thompson PA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Mobilization with movement, thoracic spine manipulation, and dry needling for the management of temporomandibular disorder: A prospective case series.
as-Peñas C Abstract The purpose of this case series was to describe the outcomes of patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) treated with mobilization with movement (MWM) directed at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the cervical spine, thoracic manipulation, and trigger point (TrP) dry needling. Fifteen patients with TMD completed the Steigerwald/Maher TMD disability questionnaire, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and maximal mouth opening (MMO) at baseline. The VAS and MMO were also collected at 15 days posttreatment and at a 2-month follow-up, and the Steigerwald/Maher TMD disability questionnair...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - May 20, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: González-Iglesias J, Cleland JA, Neto F, Hall T, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A pilot study into the effect of low-level laser therapy in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.
Abstract Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammatory disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses that has a significant impact on patients' quality of life. No study has examined the effectiveness of applying low-level laser therapy (LLLT) locally over the sinuses in patients with CRS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of LLLT in patients with CRS. Fifteen adult patients with CRS participated in this pilot pretest-posttest clinical study. Patients were treated with a 830-nm Ga-Al-As laser in continuous-wave mode at a power output of 30 mW and energy dose of 1 J. Laser irradiation w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 22, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Naghdi S, Ansari NN, Fathali M, Bartley J, Varedi M, Honarpishe R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Exercise in the treatment of major depression: A systematic review grading the quality of evidence.
Conclusion: In general, exercise appears to be beneficial in the treatment of depression when used in combination with medication. A significant issue that is not well addressed in previous studies is the risks associated with exercise. Further, this review indicates that aerobic exercise is not more effective than other types of physical activity, pointing to a need to further investigate active components. PMID: 23521569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 22, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Danielsson L, Noras AM, Waern M, Carlsson J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

To sense and make sense of anxiety: Physiotherapists' perceptions of their treatment for patients with generalized anxiety.
In conclusion, the gradual bodily awareness of sensations, to sense and make sense of anxiety in physiotherapy treatment, becomes an opportunity to find ways to withstand and to manage symptoms of anxiety, encouraging an embodied self-trust. The emphasis on the immediately lived body involves the potential to learn how to endure anxiety instead of running away from it, to discern and to understand different sensations, leading to an integration of anxiety as being part of oneself rather than overflowing oneself. PMID: 23521570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 22, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Danielsson L, Hansson Scherman M, Rosberg S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets: Application to a postmenopausal woman with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis of the spine.
Abstract The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework facilitates systematic assessment of functioning across four components. ICF Core Sets are proposed to be beneficial for clinicians in multidisciplinary care settings because they provide a common language for communication. A clinical vignette of a postmenopausal woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a non-traumatic vertebral fracture is presented to discuss how the ICF Core Sets for RA and osteoporosis (OP) can be helpful in structuring clinical decisions. To demonstrate how condition-specific ICF Core Sets can be ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 12, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lorbergs AL, Macintyre NJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

High-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces pain and cardio-respiratory parameters in an animal model of acute pain: Participation of peripheral serotonin.
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (HF-TENS) in antihyperalgesia, assessed through changes of sciatic nerve activity and its effects on cardiorespiratory parameters, using formalin-induced nociception in anesthetized rats. The animals were divided into formalin (FORM) and HF-TENS groups. All rats received injections of 5% formalin (50 μl, right hind-paw). The sciatic nerve activity and cardiopulmonary parameters (mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and respiratory frequency) were measured, and then the serum levels of serotonin (5-...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 11, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Santuzzi CH, Neto HD, Pires JG, Gonçalves WL, Gouvea SA, Abreu GR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The implementation of the ICF among Israeli rehabilitation centers - The case of physical therapy.
Abstract The extent of the implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), developed by the WHO, in rehabilitation units and in physical therapy (PT) departments is unknown. The study aims to describe the extent to which the ICF has been implemented in PT services within rehabilitation units in Israel. To update data on ICF implementation since its inception. An online semi-structured survey was administered to 25 physiotherapists in charge of PT departments in all rehabilitation units throughout Israel. Rehabilitation units were grouped into three categories: genera...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 8, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jacob T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Integrating virtual reality video games into practice: Clinicians' experiences.
Abstract The Nintendo Wii is a popular virtual reality (VR) video gaming system in rehabilitation practice and research. As evidence emerges related to its effectiveness as a physical therapy training method, clinicians require information about the pragmatics of its use in practice. The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study is to explore observations and insights from a sample of physical therapists (PTs) working with children with acquired brain injury regarding practical implications of using the Wii as a physical therapy intervention. Six PTs employed at a children's rehabilitation center participated ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Levac DE, Miller PA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Validation of the Persian version of Functional Index Questionnaire (FIQ) and Modified FIQ in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome.
Abstract The aim of this investigation was to culturally translate and validate the Functional Index Questionnaire (FIQ) and Modified FIQ (MFIQ) in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). A sample of 100 patients with PFPS completed the FIQ and MFIQ, and Short-Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey in the first session. The FIQ and MFIQ were re-administered to a sample of 47 patients to evaluate test-retest reliability. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were evaluated by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach's alpha coefficient, respectively. Corrected item-total correlations a...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Negahban H, Pouretezad M, Sohani SM, Mazaheri M, Salavati M, Mohammadi F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Relationship between scores from the Knee Outcome Survey and a single assessment numerical rating in patients with patellofemoral pain.
Abstract Objective: To determine the relationship between patient-reported single numeric ratings and actual scores obtained from a validated instrument, the Knee Outcome Survey (KOS). Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures are an important component of patient management. Information obtained from PRO measures can be used to prioritize goal setting, assist with clinical decision-making, provide evidence for effectiveness of interventions, monitor progress, and assess organizational or clinician performance. Methods: Scores from the KOS activity of daily living (ADL) and Sports subscales completed at ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 30, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bradbury M, Brosky JA, Walker JF, West K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Diagnosis and treatment of a patient with bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome secondary to anterior subluxation of bilateral sternoclavicular joints: A case report.
Diagnosis and treatment of a patient with bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome secondary to anterior subluxation of bilateral sternoclavicular joints: A case report. Physiother Theory Pract. 2013 Jan 23; Authors: Nichols D, Seiger C Abstract Thoracic outlet syndrome may result from a posterior sternoclavicular (SC) joint subluxation, or an anterior SC joint subluxation after surgical fixation. This case report presents the physical therapy management of a patient with bilateral thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) secondary to bilateral idiopathic anterior SC joint subluxation. A 16-year-old female presented with ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 23, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nichols D, Seiger C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Upper extremity strength and range of motion and their relationship to function in breast cancer survivors.
This study characterizes the impact that shoulder motion, flexibility, and strength losses have on shoulder function in BCS. Deficits in AROM and shoulder strength explained the greatest proportion of shoulder disability. Future clinical trials should consider incorporating AROM and strengthening techniques to improve shoulder use after breast cancer treatments. PMID: 23343035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 23, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Harrington S, Padua D, Battaglini C, Michener LA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Identification of fidgety movements and prediction of CP by the use of computer-based video analysis is more accurate when based on two video recordings.
This study evaluates the role of postterm age at assessment and the use of one or two video recordings for the detection of fidgety movements (FMs) and prediction of cerebral palsy (CP) using computer vision software. Recordings between 9 and 17 weeks postterm age from 52 preterm and term infants (24 boys, 28 girls; 26 born preterm) were used. Recordings were analyzed using computer vision software. Movement variables, derived from differences between subsequent video frames, were used for quantitative analysis. Sensitivities, specificities, and area under curve were estimated for the first and second recording, or a mean ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 23, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Adde L, Helbostad J, Jensenius AR, Langaas M, Støen R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A brief interphase interval interposed within biphasic pulses enhances the contraction force of the quadriceps femoris muscle.
Abstract There is still unsettled controversy regarding the optimal neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) parameters that will induce the strongest contractions with minimal discomfort. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the introduction of an interphase interval (IPI) interposed within the two phases of biphasic pulses will affect sensory and motor thresholds, the force of the electrically induced contractions (EIC), and the degree of discomfort associated with these contractions. Within subjects, repeated measures design was employed with 29 healthy young volunteers. Sensory and motor thres...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Laufer Y Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Life satisfaction and self-efficacy in patients affected by a first stroke living in Kuwait: A two-phase study.
In conclusion, psychosocial self-efficacy was identified as having a stronger relationship to life satisfaction compared with general self-efficacy within this sample of Kuwaiti female patients. Health professionals suggested various strategies for enhancing self-efficacy and thereby life satisfaction post-stroke during the rehabilitation process in Kuwait. Despite the collectivist culture of Kuwait, the findings indicate that the patient's own confidence and sense of responsibility for progress may be relevant to rehabilitation. PMID: 23289959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Omu O, Reynolds F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using theories of learning in workplaces to enhance physiotherapy clinical education.
Abstract Clinical education has long been accepted as integral to the education of physiotherapy students and their preparation for professional practice. The clinical environment, through practice immersion, situates students in a powerful learning context and plays a critical role in students' construction of professional knowledge. Despite this acknowledged centrality of practice and clinical environments to the students' experiential construction of professional knowledge, there has been limited exploration of learning theories underpinning clinical education in the literature. In this paper, we explore a sele...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Patton N, Higgs J, Smith M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Validity of measuring leg length with a tape measure compared to a computed tomography scan.
Abstract A frequently used technique to measure leg length (LL) is the supine tape measure method (TMM). However, radiographic imaging, more recently computed tomography (CT) scans, has been considered the most accurate. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the TMM for measuring LL compared to CT scans. Additionally, intrarater and interrater reliability of the TMM were assessed. LL measurements of 30 adults (mean  =  38.4 years, SD  =  13.1 years) were obtained by two physical therapists (PT) using the TMM method, anterior superior iliac spine (AS...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Neelly K, Wallmann HW, Backus CJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Exploring gait-related dual task tests in community-dwelling fallers and non-faller: A pilot study.
Abstract The best test to assess dual task (DT)-related falls' risk is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate differences between community-dwelling fallers and non-fallers on a variety of simple task combinations. Twenty-seven adults, aged 65 years or older, took part. Forty-eight DT tests and one triple task (TT) test were conducted. Fallers had longer walking time when avoiding a moving obstacle and performing a motor task and longer walking time when triple tasking, as suggested by a measure of proportionate difference between single and DT/TT conditions (p = 0.014 and 0.044, respect...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Muhaidat J, Kerr A, Evans JJ, Skelton DA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical performance tests, self-reported outcomes, and accidental falls before and after total knee arthroplasty: An exploratory study.
Abstract This longitudinal, observational study explored the relationship between physical performance tests, self-reported outcomes, and accidental falling, before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Thirty-seven patients were randomly selected from a larger study of falling before and after surgery conducted at a UK National Health Service Orthopaedic Unit. Physical performance tests were the Berg Balance Score (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG), and Hand Grip Strength (HGS). Self-reported outcomes incorporated the Western Ontario and McMaster's Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Activities Balance Confidence Scale (A...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 4, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Swinkels A, Allain TJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A pilot study on changes in passive range of motion in the cervical spine, for children aged 0-5 years.
Conclusions: These data suggest that there is a decrease in PROM in rotation during the first 5 years of life, and that PROM in lateral flexion remains unchanged. PMID: 23270403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 27, 2012 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ohman AM, Beckung ER Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy management of osteitis pubis in a 10-year-old cricket fast bowler.
Abstract This case report describes a 10-year-old boy who presented with radiating pain (Visual Analog Scale score of 7.2 cm) down his left groin and was eventually diagnosed to have osteitis pubis. History revealed that he was exceeding the workload guidelines of bowling for a fast bowler. Examination findings were left sacro-iliac joint dysfunction, reduced left internal rotation of the hip, tightness of bilateral hip flexors and poor motor control of the lumbo-pelvic muscles. Physical therapy was aimed at correcting the sacro-iliac joint dysfunction, increasing the hip range of motion and muscle length alo...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 27, 2012 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sudarshan A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research