Balance training versus balance training and foot and ankle mobilization: a pilot randomized trial in community-dwelling older adults.
CONCLUSION: Augmented balance training with FAM does not improve balance of older adults over conventional methods, but may help to correct ankle mobility limitations at midterm. As this was a pilot study, further studies with adequate sample size are warranted to validate our findings, and elucidate the dose-response relationship of FAM with improvement of balance and ROM in older adults. PMID: 30652944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hernández-Guillén D, Sanoguera-Torres A, Martínez-Pérez C, Igual-Camacho C, Blasco JM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Association between contextual and clinical factors and disability in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Disability is a complex in COPD patients and encompasses a prominent role of dyspnea levels in the prediction of activity and participation. Multivariate models presented clinical and contextual factors as functional predictors that included the physical structure of the environment in the determination of social participation. PMID: 30628491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Athayde FTS, Mancuzo EV, Ferreira LCV, Vinhas LB, Corrêa RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Application of ICF conceptual framework in Osteoporosis.
CONCLUSION: The ICF conceptual framework provides a holistic representation of disability by facilitating a critical appraisal of the health status of people with OP. The framework creates an awareness of the broad and multidimensional nature of OP on the health of individual patients, integrates dimensions of functioning, and highlights the complexity of the evaluation and management of OP. PMID: 30628503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ziebart C, Page AD, MacDermid JC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The physical therapist informatician as an enabler of capacity in a data-driven environment: an administrative case report.
This report describes the development of a physical therapist-informatician (PT-I) that occurred concurrently with the introduction of an electronic health record (EHR). CASE DESCRIPTION: A physical therapist supervisor participated in professional development to become a full-time PT-I within the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (DPMR) of an academic medical center. Cycles of needs assessment and gap analysis produced a nimble process that evolved to meet a shifting environment and to incorporate lessons learned. OUTCOMES: The development of a full-time PT-I enabled the DPMR to become the stewa...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 27, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Daley KN, Krushel D, Chevan J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The treatment of central sensitization in an adolescent using pain neuroscience education and graded exposure to activity: A case report.
Abstract Chronic pain affects 1.7 million children in the United States, and its effects often linger into adulthood. Unfortunately, chronic pediatric pain is often undertreated. The current case report discusses the use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) combined with progressive exposure to activity to treat persistent pain in a 13-year-old female diagnosed with central sensitization syndrome. Prior to the diagnosis, the patient underwent two unsuccessful episodes of physical therapy that focused on musculoskeletal sources of pain. The patient was then referred to a physical therapist specializing in pain mana...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 12, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pack R, Gilliland R, Mecham A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of dual task gait and balance training in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.
sin C Abstract In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the ability to perform simultaneous tasks may be impaired. However, there is no consensus as to whether the strategy of use dual task (DT) should be used with PD patients during gait and balance training because DT can increase the risk of falls. Therefore, it is necessary to critically analyze the relevant studies and evaluate the indications for the use of DT and its effects as a therapeutic strategy. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the effects of DT gait and balance training in individuals with PD. A total of 602 studies were found. Afte...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: De Freitas TB, Leite PHW, Doná F, Pompeu JE, Swarowsky A, Torriani-Pasin C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinical decision making and application of an active rehabilitation program for a person with the neuromuscular symptoms of Allgrove syndrome: a case report.
CONCLUSION: It appears that in this case, this patient with Allgrove syndrome demonstrated a significant increase in endurance, balance, and a return to functional activities and participation following a 10-week physical therapy program consisting of task-oriented exercise, aerobic training, postural control exercises, and patient education. Due to the pathophysiology of Allgrove syndrome, these patients cannot be exercised in a traditional manner. It is prudent to perform these interventions with precautions including frequent monitoring of vitals, rest breaks in cool environments, close supervision during balance tasks,...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Adams JT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manuscript Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 30375918 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 31, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Lower limb joint moments on the fast belt contribute to a reduction of step length asymmetry over ground after split-belt treadmill training in stroke: A pilot study.
Abstract The main goal was to investigate changes in muscle activity and joint moments related to step length (SL) symmetry improvements in individuals poststroke following repeated split-belt treadmill (SBT) walking. Twelve individuals with a first unilateral cerebral stroke presenting initial SL asymmetry (ratio = 1.10-2.05), and mean time post stroke 23 (SD 24.7 months) were included. Participants were trained during six sessions of SBT walking using an error-augmentation protocol. The training resulted in a reduction in SL asymmetry during walking over ground retained over 1-month post-training ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 25, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Betschart M, McFayden BJ, Nadeau S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Evidence-based management of patients with vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance at an Australian metropolitan health service: an observational study of clinical practice.
CONCLUSION: Adherence to best-practice guidelines for the management of BPPV in individuals presenting to the ED is low, and physiotherapists are seldom involved in their management. PMID: 30332324 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lloyd M, Mackintosh A, Grant C, McManus F, Kelly AM, Karunajeewa H, Tang CY Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with exercise decreases duration of mechanical ventilation in ICU patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: NMES + EX consisting of NMES and active EXs was well tolerated and resulted in shorter duration of MV in comparison to standard care or isolated therapy (NMES or EX alone). PMID: 30321084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dos Santos FV, Cipriano G, Vieira L, Güntzel Chiappa AM, Cipriano GBF, Vieira P, Zago JG, Castilhos M, da Silva ML, Chiappa GR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manual therapy and early return to sport in football players with adductor-related groin pain: A prospective case series.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical course including return to sport success rates of football players with adductor-related groin pain (ARGP) after manual therapy of the adductor muscles. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Thirty-four football players with ARGP with median pre-injury Tegner scores of 9 (IQR 25-75: 9-9) were treated with manual therapy of the adductor muscles. Main outcome measures were numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) and global perceived effect (GPE) for treatment and patient satisfaction at 2, 6 and 12 weeks. Return to sport was ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 11, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tak I, Langhout R, Bertrand B, Barendrecht M, Stubbe J, Kerkhoffs G, Weir A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of therapeutic alliance in physical therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A systematic review of the literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Emerging evidence suggests that for individuals participating in physical therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain, a strong TA may improve pain outcomes. In order to facilitate a strong TA, physical therapists must understand factors that positively and negatively influence the relationship. Studies demonstrate that the definition of TA remains consistent as it transitions to the physical therapy setting. PMID: 30265840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 28, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kinney M, Seider J, Beaty AF, Coughlin K, Dyal M, Clewley D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Experiences from group basic body awareness therapy by patients suffering from fibromyalgia: A qualitative study.
Abstract The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how patients with fibromyalgia experienced movement awareness through a basic body awareness therapy group treatment program. A total of 19 participants with fibromyalgia diagnosis were interviewed individually and in groups. Data collection was done from three sources: (1) interviews from the Basic Body Awareness Rating Scale (BARS) part 2 at baseline, at end of treatment, as well as at 12 and 24 weeks follow up; (2) focus group discussions that took place at the end of each session, and at the end of treatment; and (3) an in-depth focus ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bravo C, Skjaerven LH, Guitard Sein-Echaluce L, Catalan-Matamaros D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors influencing people's ability to maintain their activity levels during treatment for soft tissue sarcoma - A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Health professionals should be proactive in exploring possibilities for PA to mitigate the expected physical decline, and support symptom management while undergoing palliative chemotherapy. PMID: 30216104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dewhurst S, Tigue R, Sandsund C, Mein G, Shaw C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Patient education in physiotherapy in total hip arthroplasty (THA) - The perspective of physiotherapists.
CONCLUSION: According to the results, patient education in physiotherapy optimally aims to identify patients' individual rehabilitation needs, advice on coping at home and especially helping patients to be prepared for and capable of long rehabilitation for which they are themselves responsible. These findings resulting from descriptive categories can be utilized in developing education methods and physiotherapists' competence in patient education. PMID: 30204535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 11, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jäppinen AM, Hämäläinen H, Kettunen T, Piirainen A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility of an intensive outpatient Perception-Action Approach intervention for children with cerebral palsy: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: An intensive protocol of outpatient therapies utilizing Perception-Action Approach was feasible for most families of young children with spastic CP to attend at the outpatient clinic location. As this was not an experimental study, no reliable conclusions related to efficacy can be made, but the promising results suggest that further research into the effectiveness of intensive protocols is worthwhile. PMID: 30198809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pottinger HL, Rahlin M, Voigt J, Walsh ME, Fregosi CM, Duncan BR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Can movement tests predict injury in elite orienteerers? An 1-year prospective cohort study.
Conclusion Low sensitivity and specificity were obtained for both the M9TSB and the 9TSB. Thus, it is not recommended that physiotherapists use the nine test screening battery to predict lower extremity injury in orienteerers. PMID: 30198812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leandersson J, Heijne A, Flodström F, Frohm A, von Rosen P Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapy examination and management of a 48-year-old male with vertigo, cephalalgia, and cervicalgia secondary to unilateral vestibular hypofunction.
CONCLUSION: This case report demonstrates a physical therapy program for a patient with peripheral UVH-related symptoms. This approach may also be applicable for patients with the central cause of dizziness such as Chiari malformation. Future directions for research and clinical practice are also suggested in this report. PMID: 30198814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ahmed SS, Giardina M, Nicks KL, Huang HH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Mobilization of the lumbar spine in a 76-year-old male with mechanical low back pain and an abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report.
DISCUSSION: No immediate adverse events were recorded, and repeated follow-up imaging indicated no significant AAA expansion. Considering that mobilization causes similar displacement to active motion, research into the safety of MT in this population is warranted as are guidelines for appropriate initial and ongoing clinical screening during treatment in this population. PMID: 30198815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sault JD, Post AA, Butler AY, O'Hearn MA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Rehabilitation for a complex patient following cerebellar hemorrhage and obstructive hydrocephalus: A case report.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Inpatient rehabilitation facilities play an integral role in patient progress post-stroke. Cerebellar hemorrhages are an infrequent type of stroke and are therefore less discussed in the literature; however, inpatient rehabilitation continues to be an integral part of patient recovery. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the physical therapy interventions, challenges, and successes for a complex patient with a large cerebellar hemorrhage with obstructive hydrocephalus. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient is a 32-year-old male admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation facilit...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: High CM, Andrews AW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of integrating Neurac vibration into a side-lying bridge exercise on a sling in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled study.
This study examined the effects of integrated Neurac vibration during side-lying bridge exercise using a sling system on pain, strength, and balance in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients were randomly assigned to experimental (EG; n = 15) or control groups (CG; n = 15). Both groups performed side-lying bridge exercise; however, the EG group also received Neurac vibration during exercise. Outcome measures included perceived pain level, asymmetry of weight distribution, asymmetry of hip abductor strength (AHAS), and static balance in one-leg standi...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Gwon AJ, Kim SY, Oh DW Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications on physical and pulmonary functions: A case-control study.
This study was planned to determine the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications on physical and pulmonary functions. METHODS: A total of 110 individuals aged 40-65 years were included in the study, 58 with type 2 DM (study group) and 52 without DM (control group). Physical activity level, functional capacity, pulmonary function, and comorbidity levels were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The mean age of the individuals was 52.42 ± 5.88 years. Six-minute walk test distance was 507.2 ± 51.70 m in the study group and 532.23 ±&n...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Okur I, Taspinar B, Telli Atalay O, Pasali Kilit T, Toru Erbay U, Okur EO Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Lower-limb muscle strength, static and dynamic postural stabilities, risk of falling and fear of falling in polio survivors and healthy subjects.
This study investigated the association between preserved lower-limb muscle strength, dynamic and static postural stability, risk of falling, and fear of falling in polio survivors. We also investigated whether these clinical features differ between polio survivors and healthy controls. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study enrolled 16 polio survivors (13 underwent a complete-case analysis) and 12 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Participants were assessed by the manual muscle test, Berg Balance Scale, force platform posturography, and Falls Efficacy Scale. Between-group mean differences with confidence interva...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Galvão TS, Magalhães Júnior ES, Orsini Neves MA, de Sá Ferreira A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Aged care as a bellwether of future physiotherapy.
Abstract Aged care is becoming an increasingly significant feature of health care, but it is not an area physiotherapists have traditionally favored. Aging populations of increasingly chronically ill people represent the most important community of need in health care however, and so physiotherapists risk being marginalized if they do not adapt their practices to meet this growing need. Aged care may therefore represent a testing ground for a new physiotherapy, and the lessons learned in reforming physiotherapy for older adults may extend to all aspects of practice. In this paper, I explore how our current approac...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Nicholls DA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Personalized adapted locomotor training for an individual with sequelae of West Nile virus infection: a mixed-method case report.
CONCLUSIONS: The patient demonstrated improved balance and walking abilities. Intensive LT was feasible and effective for this individual with chronic paraplegia due to WNV infection. PMID: 30136877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 23, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Unger J, Jervis Rademeyer H, Furlan JC, Pujol C, Dawe J, Musselman KE Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Tibiofemoral joint mobilizations following total knee arthroplasty and manipulation under anesthesia.
DISCUSSION: A conventional multimodal intervention approach was ineffective for a patient who developed arthrofibrosis following TKA. A focused intervention approach of grade III and IV tibiofemoral joint mobilizations improved knee flexion, pain, and function following TKA and failed MUA. PMID: 30130416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 21, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dailey K, McMorris M, Gross MT Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Coordination of the rotational movement of the pelvis and the hip in men without low back pain, with control impairment of the lumbopelvic region in the sagittal plane.
e la Rosa F Abstract PURPOSE: To assess the presence of control impairment (CI) of the lumbopelvic region in the axial plane in men without low back pain (LBP) with CI in the sagittal plane. METHODS: Twenty-four males, between 18 and 23 of age, BMI = normal, who did not report episodes of LBP in the 12 months prior to the study, were studied. Assessment of the sagittal control of the lumbopelvic region was performed during stand to sit. Nine participants demonstrated CI in sagittal plane and 15 did not. An active hip lateral rotation (HLR) test was performed, in which lumbopelvic rotation durin...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 21, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Flores-León A, Redenz G, Valencia OD, Guzmán-Venegas R, Araneda OF, Berral de la Rosa F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The impact of LSVT BIG therapy on postural control for individuals with Parkinson disease: A case series.
CONCLUSION: LSVT BIG therapy may improve postural control, gait, and dual-task performance, and therefore reduce fall risk for individuals with moderate PD. PMID: 30118624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fishel SC, Hotchkiss ME, Brown SA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

"What next now that you are sixty?" - Preliminary exploration of the self-reported aspirations of community-dwelling older persons in the Western Cape Province, South Africa within the active aging framework.
"What next now that you are sixty?" - Preliminary exploration of the self-reported aspirations of community-dwelling older persons in the Western Cape Province, South Africa within the active aging framework. Physiother Theory Pract. 2018 Aug 17;:1-8 Authors: Amosun SL, Harris F Abstract Future aspirations of older persons should interest professionals involved in health promotion services in view of World Health Organization's Active Aging Framework. With the South African government's plan to raise life expectancy to 70 years by 2030, there is likelihood that life expectancy at 60&nbs...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Amosun SL, Harris F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Center of pressure-based balance evaluation in individuals with Parkinson's disease: a reliability study.
CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed that balance based on COP measures was reliable in individuals with Parkinson's disease, especially during the Romberg condition with closed eyes. PMID: 30118638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Terra MB, Da Silva RA, Bueno MEB, Ferraz HB, Smaili SM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using the ICF framework to evaluate the effects of environmental factors on physical disability among people with diabetes mellitus.
This study aimed to analyze the influence of environmental factors on the ICF activity-participation outcome, controlling for body function and personal factor dimensions of 75 diabetes patients. METHOD: Outcome measures included questionnaires on musculoskeletal pain (Nordic Questionnaire), physical and environment domains of World Health Organization Quality of Life version BRIEF (WHOQOL-brief) and clinical and personal data. Multiple linear regression with hierarchical entry of variables was used. RESULTS: An assessment of WHOQOL-brief revealed a score of 66.6 (SD = 17.3) to physical domain and 58.8 ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 31, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Alcantara MA, De Souza RA, De Oliveira FA, Pinhal KC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiological responses during clinical spasticity evaluation in elbow flexors in children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSION: The Tardieu test should be carried out with caution on individual level and more studies including kinematic and neuromuscular measures are necessary. PMID: 30028217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brændvik SM, Elkamil AI, Klund-Hansen SL, Roeleveld K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Facilitation of movement: New perspectives provide expanded insights to guide clinical practice.
Abstract Hands-on therapeutic interactions are essential to neurological physiotherapy. Facilitation of movement is a particular aspect of such interactions that potentiates self-initiation of movement. This process involves interactions between the physiotherapist and the patient through three integrated phases: (1) "make movement possible;" (2) "make movement necessary;" and (3) "let movement happen," in which communicative aspects are considered important. The purpose of this paper is to explore a theoretical foundation for this approach by utilizing an extended framework. Dynamic ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Normann B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Beyond the individual: population health and physical therapy.
Abstract Improving the health of populations is critical to meeting global health targets. The purpose of this article is to define population health and differentiate it from related concepts and introduce a framework that can be used to inform the population-based practice of physical therapists. The Population-Based Practice (PBP) Framework is modified from the Public Health Nursing Intervention Wheel and can be used to understand levels (i.e., systems, community, and individual) and types (i.e., screening and outreach, referral and follow-up, health teaching and coaching, consultation and collaboration, advoca...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 18, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Giuffre S, Domholdt E, Keehan J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Defending the art of physical therapy: Expanding inquiry and crafting culture in support of therapeutic alliance.
Abstract The successful practice of physical therapy requires a professional culture that places value on the interpersonal relationships that foster healing, and the face time required to build those relationships. Pressures on current practice are not facilitating this approach. The drive for increased productivity, cost effectiveness and ultimately, profit, are changing the landscape in which we practice. This phenomenon is fueled by an overemphasis on quantitative research in evidence-based medicine and an underappreciation of clinical expertise and patient values. This imbalance undermines the holistic, patie...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brun-Cottan N, McMillian D, Hastings J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Hippotherapy in adults with acquired brain injury: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This review suggests that hippotherapy is safe and well tolerated by adults with ABI. Short-term functional benefits were not associated with the use of hippotherapy. Further high-quality research is required before hippotherapy can be endorsed as a modality in adult neurological rehabilitation. PMID: 30015542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Marquez J, Weerasekara I, Chambers L Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The immediate and 1-week effects of mid-thoracic thrust manipulation on lower extremity passive range of motion.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Research suggests that spinal manipulation may effect motion. Less clear is whether this effect is limited to localized responses or may involve generalizable changes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Mid-thoracic manipulation (MTM) would result in a significant change in the lower extremity passive straight leg raise (PSLR) range of motion immediately and after 1 week. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy subjects were randomly assigned in a double-blinded study. An experimental group received MTM and a control group received a sham intervention. PSLR measurements were taken prior to, immed...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sueki D, Almaria S, Bender M, McConnell B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Lung management protocols increase the incidence of lung procurement and organ transplantation: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Lung management protocols appear to increase transplantation success. High-quality randomized trials are warranted to test observed effects and ascertain the effects of specific protocol components on transplantation outcomes. PMID: 30015547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Raios C, Skinner EH, Keating JL Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Passive stretching-induced changes detected during voluntary muscle contractions.
Abstract Stretching exercises are known for reduction of musculoskeletal stiffness and elongation of electromechanical delay (EMD). However, computing a change in stiffness by means of time delays, detected between onset of electromyographic (EMG), mechanomyographic (MMG) and force signals, can reveal changes in subcomponents (Δt EMG-MMG and Δt MMG-FORCE) of EMD after stretching. In our study, the effect of stretching was investigated while quadriceps femoris (QF) muscle performed isometric contractions. The EMG, MMG, and Force signals were recorded from rectus femoris (RF) and vastus medialis (VM) dur...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 17, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Begovic H, Can F, Yağcioğlu S, Ozturk N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of in home high dose accelerometer-based feedback on perceived and actual use in participants chronic post-stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: In home high dose accelerometer-based feedback increased perceived paretic UE use and overall awareness of paretic UE use. Perception of use may serve as a first step to promote the behavioral change necessary to encourage actual paretic UE use, potentially decreasing the maladaptive effects of learned nonuse on participation. PMID: 30004818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 13, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Whitford M, Schearer E, Rowlett M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Bio-Electro-Magnetic-Energy-Regulation (BEMER) for the treatment of type I complex regional pain syndrome: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Data from the present pilot study suggest that BEMER therapy can be indicated, in combination with traditional rehabilitation programs, for the treatment of CRPS-I. PMID: 29985719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Benedetti MG, Cavazzuti L, Mosca M, Fusaro I, Zati A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of kinesio taping on neuromuscular performance and pain of individuals affected by patellofemoral pain: A randomized controlled trial.
This study analyzed the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) immediately and 72 hours after its application on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) muscle, on the isokinetic performance of the quadriceps femoris and on the pain of subjects with PFP. Fifty-four participants were divided into three groups and performed one of the following protocols: (1) control group (CG)-remained at rest; (2) KT tension group (TG)-KT application with tension in the VMO region; and (3) KT without tension group (WTG)-KT application without tension in the same region. VMO and vastus lateralis (VL) EMG activ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Melo SA, Macedo LB, Borges DT, Brasileiro JS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapy assessment of individuals with multiple sclerosis prior to a group intervention - A qualitative observational and interview study.
ann B Abstract Assessment prior to both individual and group interventions is fundamental to neurological physiotherapy practice. However, knowledge is limited regarding how assessments are carried out, particularly assessments conducted prior to group interventions, which have recently gained increasing attention in clinical research. In this qualitative study, we investigated how physiotherapy assessments of patients with multiple sclerosis prior to a group exercise intervention were carried out and what physiotherapists considered vital elements in the assessment process. Data were gathered through 12 qualitati...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Lahelle AF, Øberg GK, Normann B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Association between changes in function among patients with lumbar impairments classified according to the STarT Back Screening Tool and managed by McKenzie credentialed physiotherapists.
Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the association between functional status (FS) scores using a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) for patients with non-specific low back pain classified according to psychosocial risk using the STarT Back Screening Tool and managed by physiotherapists credentialed in McKenzie methods. METHODS: Participants (n = 705) completed FS and STarT surveys at intake and discharge. Prevalence of STarT risk classifications and change in STarT risk was calculated. Regression models were developed to examine associations between baseline and change in STarT risk categories, and F...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 9, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Werneke MW, Edmond S, Young M, Grigsby D, McClenahan B, McGill T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effect of diverse physical rehabilitative interventions on static postural control in diabetic peripheral neuropathy: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Interventions related to task-specific approach in balance training, treadmill, strengthening, WBV showed improvement in static postural control. Intervention with pilates did not show any beneficial effects. However, there still remains a need for quality trials as the results of these studies were ambivalent in interpretation and quality of the studies were limited by small sample size and higher attrition rates. PMID: 29979897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dixit S, Gular K, Asiri F Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Intensive, functional training leads to optimal outcomes in a young woman post brain stem hemorrhage due to cerebral cavernous malformation.
DISCUSSION: This case report demonstrates an unusual clinical course of unexpected full recovery in a young woman after a large brainstem CCM after an intensive 6-week course of physical therapy. Other patients with a similar presentation after CCM may benefit from an intensive plan of care. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of unusual recovery in this population as not to limit expectations for recovery. PMID: 29979899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Thompson K, Mattern-Baxter K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Management of a nonathlete with a traumatic groin strain and osteitis pubis using manual therapy and therapeutic exercise: A case report.
DISCUSSION: Groin pain has many pathoanatomical drivers. Management of a traumatic groin injury requires a thorough evaluation and a global treatment approach, in order to improve outcomes and reduce the risk of the pathology becoming chronic. PMID: 29979902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Feldman K, Franck C, Schauerte C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Dynamics of cardiorespiratory response during and after the six-minute walk test in patients with heart failure.
This study aimed to investigate the kinetics of the cardiorespiratory response during and after the 6MWT according to exercise capacity. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with HF performed CPX and the 6MWT. They were divided into two groups by 6MWT distance: 34 patients walked ≥300 m (HF-M), and 15 patients walked
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yoshimura K, Urabe Y, Maeda N, Yuguchi S, Yoshida T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Patient perceptions of visual, vestibular, and oculomotor deficits in people with Parkinson's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Visual, vestibular, and oculomotor deficits are under-reported and under-assessed symptoms, which have a significant impact on the lives of people with PD. Healthcare providers should be aware of such deficits. The findings suggest that the healthcare team can better identify these deficits and identify important future areas of research. PMID: 29979909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 6, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Berliner JM, Kluger BM, Corcos DM, Pelak VS, Gisbert R, McRae C, Atkinson CC, Schenkman M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research