Integrated approaches to physical Therapy education: a new comprehensive model from the University of Illinois Chicago.
Abstract Demand for physical therapists in the United States (U.S.) is currently robust and expected to grow further. There are currently 228 physical therapy programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE), and 30 more are in development in the U.S.; 29,246 students are currently enrolled in these programs (2014-2015 data). A shortage of physical therapy faculty with an advanced doctoral degree (i.e., PhD, EdD, DSc) is a primary concern for these programs. Specialized residency and fellowship training in physical therapy continue to expand, preparing professionals to d...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 5, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Arena R, Girolami G, Aruin A, Keil A, Sainsbury J, Phillips SA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The reliability of assessing sternocleidomastoid muscle length and strength in adults with and without mild neck pain.
CONCLUSION: SCM muscle length and SCM strength can be reliably assessed using a bubble goniometer and HHD. No differences were found when comparing left to right SCM muscle length or strength in those with or without mild neck pain. PMID: 28379051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 5, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cibulka MT, Herren J, Kilian A, Smith S, Mahmutovic F, Dolles C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A randomized trial to determine the duration of analgesia following a 15- and a 30-minute application of acupuncture-like TENS on patients with chronic low back pain.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that clinicians could use a 15-minute AL-TENS application to provide significant analgesia in patients presenting with low back pain since if provides a comparable analgesia versus a 30-minute application. PMID: 28379056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 5, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tousignant-Laflamme Y, Laroche C, Beaulieu C, Bouchard AJ, Boucher S, Michaud-Létourneau M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Activity-specific aquatic therapy targeting gait for a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury.
DISCUSSION: An activity-specific aquatic therapy program improved gait in a patient with iSCI. The properties of water create a practical environment for safe practice of skills. Further studies are warranted in large samples. PMID: 28379060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 5, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Wall T, Falvo L, Kesten A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Perceived risks and benefits of hippotherapy among parents of children currently engaged in or waiting for hippotherapy: A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Minimization of the perceived risks compared to the numerous perceived benefits could create clinical issues such as the client putting self at risk of injuries (e.g., bites, falls, and kicks) if not cautious enough or complications insufficiently prevented, which suggests the need to develop educational activities for an informed consent to this type of rehabilitation. PMID: 28379061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - April 5, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Léveillé A, Rochette A, Mainville C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Stance foot alignment and hand positioning alter star excursion balance test scores in those with chronic ankle instability: What are we really assessing?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The literature has consistently shown that the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is a reliable and valid tool to anticipate the risk of lower extremity injury, assess dynamic postural control differences among groups, and assess the effectiveness of balance training programs in both healthy individuals and people with lower extremity injuries. However, there is no standard administration technique for the SEBT in research, clinical practice, or performance settings. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to compare six different combinations (3 different foot alignments × 2 han...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 31, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Cuğ M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Can metabolic function and physical fitness improve without weight loss for inactive, obese, Hispanic adolescents? A feasibility study.
CONCLUSION: Expected directions of change were made for most indicators of metabolic function and body composition, but measures of physical fitness improved for all four subjects. PMID: 28350207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 28, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brewer W, Olson S, Sunehag A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Clinimetric properties of the pressure biofeedback unit method for estimating respiratory pressures.
CONCLUSION: It seems that the Pressure Biofeedback Unit is not able to effectively predict the respiratory muscles' strength as routinely evaluated through the use of the manovacuometry presenting a low cross-validation and good reliability. PMID: 28281869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 10, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: da Silva AP, Dos Santos RP, Coertjens PC, Coertjens M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effectiveness of low-level laser therapy on pain, self-reported hand function, and grip strength compared to placebo or "sham" treatment for adults with carpal tunnel syndrome: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: No strong evidence exists concerning the effects of LLLT on CTS in adults. Studies that used 780-860 nm Lasers and energy dosages of 9-11 J/cm(2) or 10.8 J reported a more favorable outcome for pain, symptom severity, and functional ability as well as grip strength at the end of treatment and short-term follow up. PMID: 28272964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - March 8, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Burger M, Kriel R, Damon A, Abel A, Bansda A, Wakens M, Ernstzen D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Factors informing fear of reinjury after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should be aware of factors informing fear of reinjury post ACL reconstruction. Modifiable fears including pain, mode and length of rehabilitation and psychological factors should be considered during rehabilitation to potentially improve the return to sport rate. PMID: 28095091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ross CA, Clifford A, Louw QA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effect of foot plantar massage on balance and functional reach in patients with type II diabetes.
n M Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of manual foot plantar massage (classic and friction massage) on functional mobility level, balance, and functional reach in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). METHODS: A total of 38 subjects diagnosed with T2 DM were included in the study. A healthy control group could not be formed in this study. After the subjects' socio-demographic data were obtained, Timed Up & Go (TUG) Test, functional reach test (FRT), one-leg standing test with eyes open-closed, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to measure foot pain intensity w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yümin ET, Şimşek TT, Sertel M, Ankaralı H, Yumin M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Facilitating awareness of philosophy of science, ethics and communication through manual skills training in undergraduate education.
CONCLUSION: Practical classes in Sykegrep provide a basis for students' discussions about the body as well as their experiences with the body in the collaborative learning context. The students' reflections on their expectations of manual skills in physiotherapy and experiences of touch and being touched can facilitate an awareness of philosophy of science, ethics and communication. IMPLICATIONS: Our study will be an incitement to further develop a manual skills teaching program that incorporates philosophy of science, ethics and communication in undergraduate education. PMID: 28095097 [PubMed - as supplied by pu...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kordahl HL, Fougner M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An immediate effect of axial neck rotation training with real time visual feedback using a smartphone inclinometer on improvement in axial neck rotation function.
CONCLUSIONS: Repeated Axi-NRT using VF is useful to educate participants in maintaining the axis of the cervical spine and to increase ROM for axial neck rotation with less compensatory neck motion in participants with a restricted range of neck rotations. PMID: 28095101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Park KN, Kwon OY, Kim SH, Jeon IC Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Electromyographic analysis of gluteus maximus and hamstring activity during the supine resisted hip extension exercise versus supine unilateral bridge to neutral.
This study's aim was to compare muscle activation of the gluteus maximus and hamstrings from healthy subjects during a supine resisted hip extension exercise versus supine unilateral bridge to neutral. Surface electromyographic (EMG) signals were obtained from the right gluteus maximus and hamstrings in 13 healthy male and 13 healthy female subjects. Maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) were collected to normalize data and permit meaningful comparisons across muscles. Peak median activation of the gluteus maximus was 33.8% MVIC for the bridge and 34.7% MVIC for the hip extension exercise, whereas peak median re...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 17, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Youdas JW, Hartman JP, Murphy BA, Rundle AM, Ugorowski JM, Hollman JH Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The scope of physiotherapy services provided in public ICUs in Greece: A pilot study.
In conclusion, all Greek ICUs in Athens surveyed had physiotherapy cover. The physiotherapists working in these ICUs in Athens were involved in respiratory care and mobilization. PMID: 28075178 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 11, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Grammatopoulou E, Charmpas TN, Strati EG, Tsamis N, Evagelodimou A, Belimpasaki V, Skordilis EK Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Standing activity intervention and motor function in a young child with cerebral palsy: A case report.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a home-based standing program may have contributed to improved motor skills for this child. Further research is needed to determine the effect of standing interventions on functional motor development for children with severe CP. PMID: 28071965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Audu O, Daly C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Tobacco cessation counseling within physical therapist practice: Results of a statewide survey of Florida physical therapists.
CONCLUSIONS: Most respondents agreed that patients should be screened for tobacco use and counseled accordingly, but few were familiar with evidence-based TCC guidelines. Further training is required to promote knowledge and skill in TCC, along with systems changes to reduce barriers toward the implementation of TCC within the clinical environment. PMID: 28071967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pignataro RM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

From ancient Greece to the cognitive revolution: A comprehensive view of physical rehabilitation sciences.
stán Ó, Huepe D Abstract The development of rehabilitation has traditionally focused on measurements of motor disorders and measurements of the improvements produced during the therapeutic process; however, physical rehabilitation sciences have not focused on understanding the philosophical and scientific principles in clinical intervention and how they are interrelated. The main aim of this paper is to explain the foundation stones of the disciplines of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech/language therapy in recovery from motor disorder. To reach our goals, the mechanistic view and ho...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 10, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Martínez-Pernía D, González-Castán Ó, Huepe D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Gait rehabilitation for a patient with an osseointegrated prosthesis following transfemoral amputation.
CONCLUSION: The described rehabilitation program may be an effective method of improving gait in patients with an EEFP even after long-term socket usage. PMID: 28045571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - January 3, 2017 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leijendekkers RA, van Hinte G, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW, Staal JB Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Evidence-based practice in the management of lower limb lymphedema after gynecological cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Although LLL is more or as frequent and detrimental as upper limb lymphedema post-cancer treatment, there are only a few studies about this subject. Publications are even scarcer when considering studies with interventional approach. Randomized controlled trials are necessary to support rehabilitation resources on lymphedema post-gynecological cancer treatment. PMID: 27918865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 5, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Iwersen LF, Sperandio FF, Toriy AM, Palú M, Medeiros da Luz C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Immediate and lasting effects of a thoracic spine manipulation in a patient with signs of cervical radiculopathy and upper extremity hyperalgesia: A case report.
Abstract Patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) may present with accompanying symptoms of hyperalgesia, allodynia, heaviness in the arm, and non-segmental pain that do not appear to be related to a peripheral spinal nerve. These findings may suggest the presence of central or autonomic nervous system involvement, requiring a modified management approach. The purpose of this case report is to describe the treatment of a patient with signs of CR and upper extremity (UE) hyperalgesia who had a significant decrease in her UE pain and hypersensitivity after a single thoracic spine manipulation (TSM). A 48-year-old f...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 2, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Deschenes BK, Zafereo J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Changes in cervical movement impairment and pain following orofacial treatment in patients with chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder with pain: A prospective case series.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of isolated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) manual therapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) of the TMJ and cervical spine including flexion-rotation test (FRT) in people suffering chronic pain arising from chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). An experienced clinician managed a case series of 12 patients with TMD (mean duration 28.6 months +/- 26.9). The intervention comprised four-weekly sessions of transverse medial accessory TMJ mobilization and advice. Patients were examined prior to and one-week following the intervention period...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 2, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Grondin F, Hall T Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Tiredness and fatigue during processes of illness and recovery: A qualitative study of women recovered from fibromyalgia syndrome.
In this study, inspired by narrative approaches to health and illness, we explore how women who have regained their health after FMS describe tiredness along a storyline from before they fell ill, through their illness, recovery process, and present-day health. The data derive from qualitative interviews with eight Norwegian women who previously suffered from FMS but who no longer had the condition at the time of interview. We undertook a narrative analysis to understand the complexity of the stories about tiredness and fatigue and on this basis identified a storyline based on four sub-narratives: 1) Alarming but ignored t...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 29, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Grape HE, Solbrække KN, Kirkevold M, Mengshoel AM Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Using a divided-attention stepping accuracy task to improve balance and functional outcomes in an individual with incomplete spinal cord injury: A case report.
Abstract A spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently results in impaired balance, endurance, and strength with subsequent limitations in functional mobility and community participation. The purpose of this case report was to implement a training program for an individual with a chronic incomplete SCI using a novel divided-attention stepping accuracy task (DASAT) to determine if improvements could be made in impairments, activities, and participation. The client was a 51-year-old male with a motor incomplete C4 SCI sustained 4 years prior. He presented with decreased quality of life (QOL) and functional independence, and...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leach SJ, Magill RA, Maring JR Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Satisfaction of Nigerian stroke survivors with outpatient physiotherapy care.
CONCLUSION: The stroke survivors were generally satisfied with outpatient physiotherapy care. However, lack of continuity and cost of care were sources of dissatisfaction among patients. Delivery of physiotherapy to stroke survivors in Nigeria should be structured to allow for continuity of care as this may enhance satisfaction. Implementation of inexpensive rehabilitation strategies may help reduce cost of physiotherapy. PMID: 27892812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 28, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Olaleye OA, Hamzat TK, Akinrinsade MA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Editorial Board EOV.
Authors: PMID: 27841715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Manuscript Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 27841716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - November 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Leadership and leadership development within the profession of physiotherapy in Ireland.
CONCLUSION: Physiotherapists who have had leadership training were more likely to perceive themselves to be leaders. Leadership training may support physiotherapists to assume leadership roles both clinically and nonclinically. PMID: 27736279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 13, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: McGowan E, Stokes E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Does preoperative physiotherapy improve postoperative, patient-based outcomes in older adults who have undergone total knee arthroplasty? A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: There is insufficient quality evidence to support the efficacy of preoperative physiotherapy in older adults who undergo total knee arthroplasty. PMID: 27736286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 13, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chesham RA, Shanmugam S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Kinesiophobia mediates the influences on attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary artery disease.
ansson B Abstract PURPOSE: To identify predictors of attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and to test the hypothesis that kinesiophobia mediates the influence on attendance at CR in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS: In total, 332 patients (75 women; mean age 65 ± 9.1 years) with a diagnosis of CAD were recruited at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. METHODS: The patients were tested in terms of objective measurements, self-rated psychological measurements, and level of physical activity. A path model with direct and indirect effects via kinesiophobia ...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 11, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bäck M, Cider Å, Herlitz J, Lundberg M, Jansson B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Defining a Bobath clinical framework - A modified e-Delphi study.
CONCLUSION: The Delphi was successful in gaining consensus on a Bobath clinical framework in a geographically diverse expert association, identifying the unique components of Bobath clinical practice. Discussion throughout all three Rounds revolved primarily around the terminology of atypical and compensatory motor behavior and balance. PMID: 27710163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Vaughan-Graham J, Cott C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

An Ai Chi-based aquatic group improves balance and reduces falls in community-dwelling adults: A pilot observational cohort study.
The objective of the study was to pilot the implementation of an aquatic group based on Ai Chi principles (Aquabalance) and to evaluate the safety, intervention acceptability, and intervention effect sizes. DESIGN: Pilot observational cohort study. METHODS: Forty-two outpatients underwent a single 45-minute weekly group aquatic Ai Chi-based session for eight weeks (Aquabalance). Safety was monitored using organizational reporting systems. Patient attendance, satisfaction, and self-reported falls were also recorded. Balance measures included the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, the Four Square Step Test (FSST), and the...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Skinner EH, Dinh T, Hewitt M, Piper R, Thwaites C Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Professional roles in physiotherapy practice: Educating for self-management, relational matching, and coaching for everyday life.
This article presents findings from a study aimed at gaining a better understanding of how physiotherapists in actual practice understand their interactions with patients during the treatment process. This article reports on the findings from focus-group interviews with physiotherapists working in three different settings. Analyses of the interview data identified three modes of physiotherapy practice. In one, physiotherapists educate their patients to be self-managing in conducting exercise programs based on sound evidence. Educational films available on the Internet are included in these efforts to teach patients. In ano...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - October 6, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Solvang PK, Fougner M Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Kinesio taping or just taping in shoulder subacromial impingement syndrome? A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: KT and sham taping generated similar results regarding pain and Constant Scores. PMID: 27617500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kocyigit F, Acar M, Turkmen MB, Kose T, Guldane N, Kuyucu E Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Funding is related to the quality, conduct, and reporting of trial reports in musculoskeletal physical therapy: A survey of 210 published trials.
CONCLUSION: Trial funding was positively associated with having multiple departments represented in the research team, larger sample size, higher quality, and publication in higher impact factor journals. PMID: 27617707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maas E, Maher C, Moseley A, Annevelink R, Jagersma J, Ostelo R Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Parkinson's disease in Jordan: Barriers and motivators to exercise.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the study shed light into large areas of unmet needs of supporting exercise and physiotherapy for people with PD in developing countries as per Jordan. For better patient outcomes, findings of the study suggest that it is crucial to raise awareness among all PD-related stakeholders on the benefits of early referrals to physiotherapy and early engagement in exercise programs. PMID: 27617865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Khalil H, Nazzal M, Al-Sheyab N Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

A new method of measuring shoulder hand behind back movement: Reliability, values in symptomatic and asymptomatic people, effect of hand dominance, and side-to-side variability.
Abstract Shoulder hand behind back (HBB) range of motion (ROM) is a useful measure of impairment and treatment outcome. The purpose of this repeated measures study was to identify inter- and intra-rater reliability, of a new simplified method of measuring HBB ROM. Two experienced raters measured HBB ROM with a bubble inclinometer on 25 people (aged 42-75 years, 14 female) with unilateral shoulder dysfunction and 25 age- and gender-matched asymptomatic subjects on two different occasions. Statistical analysis included calculation of intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs), minimal detectable change (MDC), stand...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Satpute K, Hall T, Kumar S, Deodhar A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physical therapist screening and differential diagnosis for traumatic-onset elbow pain: A case report.
DISCUSSION: A thorough history and examination by the physical therapist led to clustering of signs and symptoms, allowing for the development of a differential diagnosis list which included occult radial head fracture. All clinicians should be prepared to screen for complex conditions. Timely diagnosis and improved outcomes for clinically complex patients are increasingly necessary in contemporary healthcare reimbursement models. PMID: 27618254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: VanWye WR, Hoover DL, Willgruber S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport scale to Persian language.
Abstract The aim of the present study was to develop and provide validation statistics for the Persian Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport scale (I-PRRS) following a cross-sectional and prospective cohort study design. The I-PRRS was forward/back-translated and culturally adapted into Persian language. The Persian I-PRRS was administered to 100 injured athletes (93 male; age 26.0 ± 5.6 years; time since injury 4.84 ± 6.4 months) and 50 healthy athletes (36 male; mean age 25.7 ± 6.0 years). The Persian I-PRRS was re-administered to 50 injured athletes at 1 week to examine test-ret...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Naghdi S, Ansari NN, Farhadi Y, Ebadi S, Entezary E, Glazer D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Exercise using mung bean bag improves balance in healthy young adults.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise using a mung bean bag (MB) for balance ability. Thirty-nine healthy female young adults (aged 18-25 years with normal body mass index) were randomly assigned into three groups (n for each group = 13): control group, firm surface (FS) exercise group, and MB exercise group. The FS and MB groups were trained with static and dynamic balance exercises (20 minutes × 3 times/week × 6 weeks). Participants' balance abilities were measured using a Balance Master 4 times: at pre-training (baseline) and at the second, fourth, and sixth w...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 12, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Siriphorn A, Chamonchant D, Boonyong S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The effects of backward walking training on balance and mobility in an individual with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: A case report.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that backward walking may be a beneficial rehabilitation approach; examination of the clinical efficacy is warranted. PMID: 27482619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - August 2, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Foster H, DeMark L, Spigel PM, Rose DK, Fox EJ Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The application of a clinical prediction rule for patients with neck pain likely to benefit from cervical traction: A case report.
DISCUSSION: This case report demonstrates the application of a CPR to assist in deciding if cervical traction is an appropriate intervention. Further research is needed to validate the CPR and to establish the optimal mode of delivery for traction. PMID: 27472483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 29, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Bernstetter A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Changes in water content in response to an acute bout of eccentric loading in a patellar tendon with a history of tendinopathy: A case report.
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated resting water content of the involved tendon found in this report may be indicative of reduced tendon stiffness. A similar amount of water content reduction was observed on both sides following mechanical loading, suggesting that the involved tendon may respond to the eccentric exercise similarly to the uninvolved tendon. Future investigations are needed to study the relationships among tendon water exchanges, mechanical properties, patient symptoms, and tissue injuries. PMID: 27472664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 29, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ho KY, Kulig K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Electrical stimulation ventilatory feedback facilitates maintenance of a prolonged expiration pattern during exercise: A proof-of-concept study in healthy adults.
This study aimed at verifying the safety and effects of electrical stimulation ventilatory feedback (ESVF) to provide feedback during expiration, which may assist with breathing control in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Because this is a new therapy, we examined the feasibility of the therapy in healthy adults. The 23 healthy adult participants were randomized into two groups: a stimulation group that received ESVF and a placebo group with the ESVF device attached, but not activated. Sensory stimulation was provided at a frequency of 20 Hz and pulse duration of 200 μs. During breathing train...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 26, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Yamahara J, Ito K, Nonaka K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
In conclusion, static stretching was effective in increasing hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults. PMID: 27458757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 26, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Medeiros DM, Cini A, Sbruzzi G, Lima CS Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Rehabilitation of ataxic gait following cerebellar lesions: Applying theory to practice.
Abstract Damage to the cerebellum can result in ataxic gait, which affects the ability to walk safely and independently. Physiotherapy is the main treatment for ataxic gait, but there is limited high-quality evidence for interventions used. This review explores the neural mechanisms of the symptoms of ataxic gait, by discussing the cerebellum's role in coordination, motor learning, anticipatory postural control, balance reactions and adapting gait to meet environmental demands. It discusses mechanisms that occur at cellular level throughout the whole cerebellum and then focuses on difficulties that arise from dama...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 26, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kelly G, Shanley J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Physiotherapists' perspectives on aerobic exercise early after stroke: A preliminary study.
Abstract Aerobic exercise is recognized as part of comprehensive stroke rehabilitation in best-practice and clinical guidelines, yet many individuals remain physically inactive during their hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to identify the perspectives of physiotherapists on aerobic exercise prescription and implementation at in-patient stroke rehabilitation centers with and without a structured aerobic exercise program. A survey was conducted at three Canadian rehabilitation centers to evaluate physiotherapist perceptions of individuals recovering from stroke, the practice environment, and their trai...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 26, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Prout EC, Mansfield A, McIlroy WE, Brooks D Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of a smartphone pulse rate application for the assessment of resting and elevated pulse rate.
CONCLUSIONS: The Android®, iOS®, and Polar® devices showed acceptable test-retest reliability at rest and post-exercise. Both the smartphone platforms demonstrated concurrent validity with the Polar® at rest and post-exercise. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The Azumio® Instant Heart Rate application when used by either platform appears to be a reliable and valid tool to assess pulse rate in healthy individuals. PMID: 27459148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 26, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Mitchell K, Graff M, Hedt C, Simmons J Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Special Issue: "Perspectives on pain neuroscience education".
Special Issue: "Perspectives on pain neuroscience education". Physiother Theory Pract. 2016 Jul;32(5):327 Authors: Hasson S PMID: 27400330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hasson S Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Teaching patients about pain: It works, but what should we call it?
PMID: 27400331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice)
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - July 1, 2016 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louw A, Puentedura EL, Zimney K Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research