Cultural humility: treating the patient, not the illness.
Authors: Prasad SJ, Nair P, Gadhvi K, Barai I, Danish HS, Philip AB PMID: 26847853 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 9, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

How well will you FIT? Use of a modified MMI to assess applicants' compatibility with an emergency medicine residency program.
CONCLUSIONS: FIT provided program leadership with a sense of an applicant's 'fit' within this program. Interview day scores correlated with scores received during residency. Most applicants report a positive experience with FIT sessions. FIT provides a useful tool to recruit applicants who fit with the residency program. PMID: 26842824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 6, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A teach approach: visual mapping of chromosome translocation.
Authors: Han P PMID: 26842825 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 6, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A word-count approach to analyze linguistic patterns in the reflective writings of medical students.
CONCLUSIONS: To enhance students' empathy toward the psychosocial issues faced by patients and their family members, students should be encouraged to explore the domain of psychological processes by identifying and expressing their affective and perceptual experiences. Researchers in future studies should use outcome measures such as self-awareness or empathy to determine the overall effectiveness of reflective writing and how changes in linguistic patterns affect such outcomes. PMID: 26838331 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 4, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Curricular integration of social medicine: a prospective for medical educators.
Authors: Vanderbilt AA, Baugh RF, Hogue PA, Brennan JA, Ali II Abstract In the United States, the health of a community falls on a continuum ranging from healthy to unhealthy and fluctuates based on several variables. Research policy and public health practice literature report substantial disparities in life expectancy, morbidity, risk factors, and quality of life, as well as persistence of these disparities among segments of the population. One such way to close this gap is to streamline medical education to better prepare our future physicians for our patients in underserved communities. Medical schools have the...
Source: Medical Education Online - January 21, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The clinical relevance of physical activity education in medical school.
Authors: Rashid S, Jamall OA, Iqbal S, Rizvi AF, Nayeem O, Khan AM PMID: 26782723 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - January 21, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The use of social media to supplement resident medical education - the SMART-ME initiative.
Authors: Galiatsatos P, Porto-Carreiro F, Hayashi J, Zakaria S, Christmas C Abstract BACKGROUND: Residents work at variable times and are often unable to attend all scheduled educational sessions. Therefore, new asynchronistic approaches to learning are essential in ensuring exposure to a comprehensive education. Social media tools may be especially useful, because they are accessed at times convenient for the learner. OBJECTIVE: Assess if the use of Twitter for medical education impacts the attitude and behavior of residents toward using social media for medical education. DESIGN: Preintervention and posti...
Source: Medical Education Online - January 16, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Medical student plagiarism in problem-based learning courses.
Authors: Kim KJ, Hwang JY, Lee DW, Shim MS PMID: 26758614 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - January 16, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The importance of laboratory medicine in the medical student curriculum.
Authors: Barai I, Gadhvi K, Nair P, Prasad S PMID: 26690575 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The gamification of medical education: a broader perspective.
Authors: Muntasir M, Franka M, Atalla B, Siddiqui S, Mughal U, Hossain IT PMID: 26690576 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Dermatology - a compulsory part of the UK medical school curriculum?
Authors: Shah H, Pozo-Garcia L, Koulouroudias M Abstract Dermatological conditions form a significant number of consultations seen by general practitioners on a daily basis. There is a lack of training and formal assessment of dermatology during medical school and we propose that there should be a mandatory component in OSCEs for dermatology during medical school to enhance one's diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills which will ultimately lead to better care for the patient and efficacious use of NHS resources. PMID: 26701607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Mini-med school for Aboriginal youth: experiential science outreach to tackle systemic barriers.
CONCLUSION: The prospect of increasing admission rates and successful completion of medical education among students from marginalized communities poses a real, though difficult-to-measure, possibility of increasing the workforce most likely to return to and work in such challenging contexts. A mini-medical school for Aboriginal youth highlights mutual, long-term benefit for diverse partners, encouraging medical educators and community-based science educators to explore the possibilities for deepening partnerships in their own regions. PMID: 26701840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Instant messaging - one solution to doctor-student communication?
Authors: Hossain IT, Mughal U, Atalla B, Franka M, Siddiqui S, Muntasir M PMID: 26701841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

When should undergraduate medical students do an intercalated BSc?
Authors: Jamall OA, Iqbal SS, Rizvi A, Nayeem O, Rashid S, Khan AM PMID: 26701842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 26, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Healthcare information technology in medical education - a forgotten focus.
Authors: Malik HH, Hossain IT PMID: 26680029 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 19, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Teledermatology in medical education - a 'rash' decision?
Authors: Lami M, Malabanan K, McAuliffe O PMID: 26680030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 19, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Effect of novel patient interaction on students' performance of pregnancy options counseling.
CONCLUSIONS: A 1-h NPI does not improve medical students' performance of pregnancy options counseling and the option of adoption is routinely omitted. Adoption is clearly an area that needs greater attention when designing comprehensive reproductive health curriculum for medical students. PMID: 26654215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 16, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery and LapVR evaluation metrics may not correlate with operative performance in a novice cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Neither the low-fidelity box trainer or the high-fidelity virtual simulator demonstrated significant correlation with GOALS operative scores. These findings offer caution against the use of these modalities for brief assessments of novice surgical trainees, especially for predictive or selection purposes. PMID: 26641071 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 10, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development and assessment of a pediatric emergency medicine simulation and skills rotation: meeting the demands of a large pediatric clerkship.
Authors: Fielder EK, Lemke DS, Doughty CB, Hsu DC, Middleman AB Abstract OBJECTIVE: To implement a curriculum using simulation and skills training to augment a Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) rotation within a pediatric clerkship. BACKGROUND: PEM faculty are often challenged with a high learner to teacher ratio in a chaotic clinical setting. This challenge was heightened when our pediatric clerkship's traditional 1-week PEM rotation (consisting of 4 students completing four 8-hour ED shifts/week) expanded to 8 students every 2 weeks. We sought to meet this challenge by integrating simulation-based education ...
Source: Medical Education Online - December 4, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Longitudinal patient pathways in clinical education: a medical student's perspective.
Authors: Shemtob L PMID: 26633762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 4, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Preparing for the primary care clinic: an ambulatory boot camp for internal medicine interns.
Authors: Esch LM, Bird AN, Oyler JL, Lee WW, Shah SD, Pincavage AT Abstract INTRODUCTION: Internal medicine (IM) interns start continuity clinic with variable ambulatory training. Multiple other specialties have utilized a boot camp style curriculum to improve surgical and procedural skills, but boot camps have not been used to improve interns' ambulatory knowledge and confidence. The authors implemented and assessed the impact of an intern ambulatory boot camp pilot on primary care knowledge, confidence, and curricular satisfaction. METHODS: During July 2014, IM interns attended ambulatory boot camp. It includ...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 28, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Helping medical students to acquire a deeper understanding of truth-telling.
Authors: Hurst SA, Baroffio A, Ummel M, Burn CL Abstract PROBLEM: Truth-telling is an important component of respect for patients' self-determination, but in the context of breaking bad news, it is also a distressing and difficult task. INTERVENTION: We investigated the long-term influence of a simulated patient-based teaching intervention, integrating learning objectives in communication skills and ethics into students' attitudes and concerns regarding truth-telling. We followed two cohorts of medical students from the preclinical third year to their clinical rotations (fifth year). Open-ended responses were a...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 15, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Student perceptions of reproductive health education in US medical schools: a qualitative analysis of students taking family planning electives.
CONCLUSIONS: Interview data revealed that students are using FP electives to fill gaps within preclinical and clinical medical school curriculum. Future physicians will be unable to provide comprehensive care for their female patients if they are not provided with this education. Research should be directed at development and analysis of comprehensive FP curricula, which will allow students to obtain the knowledge necessary to best care for their patients. PMID: 26563959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 15, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Cleveland Clinic's summer research program in reproductive medicine: an inside look at the class of 2014.
CONCLUSION: The outcomes portrayed in this study will be useful in the implementation of new programs or refinement of existing medical research training programs. PMID: 26563960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 15, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A 5-year experience with an elective scholarly concentrations program.
CONCLUSIONS: An elective, interdisciplinary scholarly program with a focus beyond traditional biomedical research offers students the opportunity to expand the scope of their medical education without an untoward effect on academic performance or residency placement. PMID: 26561482 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 13, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Factors affecting self-regulated learning in medical students: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: The outcomes of student understanding of the factors affecting self-regulation indicate that facilitating factors should be used on an individual basis to reduce the effect of inhibiting factors to improve self-regulation in students. PMID: 26549046 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 10, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Recruitment of rural healthcare professionals for live continuing education.
DISCUSSION: Providing free CE coordinated through local healthcare organizations and physician groups was the most cost-effective method of recruiting rural HCPs for CE. Formal advertising added cost without increasing the number of participants per event. Although this is the first study of the cost-effectiveness of recruitment methods targeting HCPs in rural areas, results are consistent with research on cost-effectiveness of outreach to rural lay community members. PMID: 26549047 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 10, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Pre-clinical medical student experience in a pediatric pulmonary clinic.
CONCLUSIONS: Students identified several educational benefits of exposure to a single pediatric pulmonary clinic. Patients and families were not inconvenienced by the participation of a student. Additional studies are warranted to further investigate the value of this model of pre-clinical medical student exposure to subspecialty pediatrics. PMID: 26547081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 9, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A time-efficient web-based teaching tool to improve medical knowledge and decrease ABIM failure rate in select residents.
Authors: Drake SM, Qureshi W, Morse W, Baker-Genaw K Abstract AIM: The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) exam's pass rate is considered a quality measure of a residency program, yet few interventions have shown benefit in reducing the failure rate. We developed a web-based Directed Reading (DR) program with an aim to increase medical knowledge and reduce ABIM exam failure rate. METHODS: Internal medicine residents at our academic medical center with In-Training Examination (ITE) scores ≤35th percentile from 2007 to 2013 were enrolled in DR. The program matches residents to reading assignments based ...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 4, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development of an instrument to measure medical students' perceptions of the assessment environment: initial validation.
CONCLUSIONS: The AEQ is a valid and reliable instrument. Initial validation supports its use to measure students' perceptions of the assessment environment in an undergraduate medical program. PMID: 26511792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 30, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Probing the effect of OSCE checklist length on inter-observer reliability and observer accuracy.
CONCLUSIONS: The addition of 20 checklist items to a core list of 20 items in an OSCE assessment checklist does not appear to impact observer accuracy or inter-rater reliability. PMID: 26490948 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 23, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Clinical simulation training improves the clinical performance of Chinese medical students.
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these data indicate that clinical skill training with a variety of simulations could substantially promote the clinical performance of medical students and optimize the resources used for medical education, although a precise analysis of each specialization is needed in the future. PMID: 26478142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 20, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The application of 3D printing in anatomy education.
Authors: AbouHashem Y, Dayal M, Savanah S, Štrkalj G PMID: 26478143 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 20, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Should basic health economics principles be taught during medical school in the UK?
Authors: Ashraf MA, Sherwani Y, Najim M, Ahmed M, Rabee R, Al-Jibury O, Al-Mayahi F, Ahmed A PMID: 26462850 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 17, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Team-based learning on a third-year pediatric clerkship improves NBME subject exam blood disorder scores.
CONCLUSIONS: Institutional BD scores were higher than national BD scores for both pre and post, with an effect size that tripled from pre to post scores. Institutional BD scores increased after the use of the TBL module, while overall exam scores remained steadily above national norms. PMID: 26466555 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 17, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Should an intercalated degree be compulsory for undergraduate medical students?
Authors: Philip AB, Prasad SJ, Patel A Abstract Undertaking an intercalated year whilst at medical school involves taking time out of the medicine undergraduate programme in order to pursue a separate but related degree. It is widely seen as a challenging but rewarding experience, with much to be gained from the independent project or research component of most additional degrees. However, whilst intercalating is encouraged at many universities and is incorporated into some undergraduate curricula, it is by no means compulsory for all students. The literature would suggest that those who have intercalated tend to d...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 7, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Relationship of residency program characteristics with pass rate of the American Board of Internal Medicine certifying exam.
CONCLUSIONS: As shown through the ratio of full-time equivalent paid faculty to positions and whether there was a formal mentoring program, a highly supervised training experience was strongly associated with the pass rate. In contrast, percentage of osteopathic doctors was inversely related to the pass rate. Programs with OCC significantly outperformed programs without OCC. This study suggested that enhancing supervision of training programs and offering parental support may help attract and produce competitive residents. PMID: 26426400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 2, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Gamification in medical education.
Authors: Ahmed M, Sherwani Y, Al-Jibury O, Najim M, Rabee R, Ashraf M PMID: 26426401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 2, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Innovative model of delivering quality improvement education for trainees - a pilot project.
Authors: Ramar K, Hale CW, Dankbar EC Abstract BACKGROUND: After incorporating quality improvement (QI) education as a required curriculum for our trainees in 2010, a need arose to readdress our didactic sessions as they were too long, difficult to schedule, and resulting in a drop in attendance. A 'flipped classroom' (FC) model to deliver QI education was touted to be an effective delivery method as it allows the trainees to view didactic materials on videos, on their own time, and uses the classroom to clarify concepts and employ learned tools on case-based scenarios including workshops. METHODS: The Mayo Qua...
Source: Medical Education Online - September 25, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Innovations in service learning: a novel program for community service at NYU School of Medicine.
Authors: Herlihy NS, Brown C Abstract PROBLEM: As NYU medical students, the authors determined that there was no structured form of service learning in their curriculum. They sought to establish a service program that recognizes students for their dedication to community service in both the NYU and NYC communities. APPROACH: In 2012, with the support of the Office of Student Affairs (OSA), the authors created the NYU School of Medicine Community Service Program (CSP). The program tracks and verifies students' participation in service projects. It sets a goal for students to complete 100 service hours through at...
Source: Medical Education Online - September 22, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Redesigning a clinical mentoring program for improved outcomes in the clinical training of clerks.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings serve as an improved framework for the role of the institution and demonstrate how institutional policies, programs, and structures can shape a clinical mentoring program. We recommend the adoption of mentorship schemes for other cohorts of medical students and for different learning and training stages involved in becoming a physician. PMID: 26384479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 21, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

YouTube in medical education: a student's perspective.
Authors: Rabee R, Najim M, Sherwani Y, Ahmed M, Ashraf M, Al-Jibury O, Rabee N, Najim R, Ahmed A PMID: 26384480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 21, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Investing in success: student experiences in a structured, decelerated preclinical medical school curriculum.
CONCLUSIONS: The ECP allows some students to complete medical school who otherwise may not have been able to do so. This analysis has provided valuable information that was used to improve the program, allowing CHM to continue its mission of training a diverse set of students to be exemplary physicians. PMID: 26381089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 20, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Three controversies over item disclosure in medical licensure examinations.
Authors: Park YS, Yang EB Abstract In response to views on public's right to know, there is growing attention to item disclosure - release of items, answer keys, and performance data to the public - in medical licensure examinations and their potential impact on the test's ability to measure competence and select qualified candidates. Recent debates on this issue have sparked legislative action internationally, including South Korea, with prior discussions among North American countries dating over three decades. The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze three issues associated with item disclosure in me...
Source: Medical Education Online - September 17, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Health behaviors and personality in burnout: a third dimension.
Authors: Mustafa OM Abstract The high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals warrants a thorough examination aimed at improving the current understanding of its predictors and preventive measures. Cecil et al. have underscored the alarming prevalence of burnout among medical students and assessed its association with demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral factors. Of interest, health behaviors were found to be predictive of burnout. The study suggests certain behaviors (such as high physical activity) to be protective, and thus, calls for their establishment early in college life to prevent the develo...
Source: Medical Education Online - September 16, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The near-peer tutoring programme: embracing the 'doctors-to-teach' philosophy - a comparison of the effects of participation between the senior and junior near-peer tutors.
CONCLUSIONS: Generally, the near-peer tutors perceived that they have benefited most in their skills enhancement and these near-peer tutors were scored highly by the students. However, senior near-peer tutors do not perceive that the programme has a lasting impact on their choice of career path. PMID: 26356229 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 13, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Temporal changes in tolerance of uncertainty among medical students: insights from an exploratory study.
CONCLUSIONS: Tolerance of ambiguity - but not other types of uncertainty - decreases during medical school, suggesting that TU is a multidimensional, partially mutable state. Future studies should measure tolerance of different uncertainties and examine how TU might be improved. PMID: 26356230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 13, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

What is the reward? Medical students' learning and personal development during a research project course.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that individual research projects enhance research-specific skills and competencies needed in evidence-based clinical work and are beneficial for personal and professional development. PMID: 26344390 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 9, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Peer-led problem-based learning in interprofessional education of health professions students.
CONCLUSION: Based on this data we believe peer-teacher-led problem-based interprofessional seminars can be used to increase medical and pharmacy students' perceived need for professional cooperation. Currently, major barriers to interprofessional education involvement are awareness and time commitment. Undergraduate health professions education can incorporate student-led seminars to improve interprofessional education. PMID: 26344391 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 9, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

General practice: a medical student perspective.
Authors: Ramjeeawon N, Shah N, Singh B, Singagireson S PMID: 26341738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 7, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research