'Think-aloud' protocol for ICU rounds: an assessment of information assimilation and rational thinking among trainees.
Authors: Siddiqui S PMID: 28440167 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Student performance and grading changes in a systems-based curriculum.
Conclusion The improvement in student performance in an external assessment may be due, at least partly, to a change in the school's internal grading policy which led to a more appropriate balancing of student study strategies. Future studies on the effect of curriculum change should include an assessment of the impact on student study strategies. PMID: 28440168 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Mentoring program design and implementation in new medical schools.
Conclusions Similar to established medical schools, there was little uniformity among mentoring programs at new medical schools, likely reflecting differences in curriculum and program goals. Outcome measures are needed to determine whether a best practice for mentoring can be established. PMID: 28440169 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Self-assessment and goal-setting is associated with an improvement in interviewing skills.
Conclusions In general, the quality of students' SAGS improved over time. Poor baseline SAGS skills and failure to improve were associated with a decrease in interviewing skills at 17 weeks. For students with better SAGS, interviewing skills increased at week 17. Improvement in SAGS skills was not associated with improved interviewing skills. Understanding structured self-assessment skills helps identify student characteristics that influence progressive mastery of communication skills and therefore may inform curriculum and remediation tailoring. PMID: 28440170 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Discourses of student orientation to medical education programs.
Conclusion By examining how orientation has been described and discussed, we identify three domains of orientation: cultural, social, and practical. These domains are relatively distinct in terms of the activities associated with them, and in terms of who is involved in organizing and running these activities. We also describe orientation as a liminal activity system on the threshold of medical school where incoming students initially cross into the profession. Interestingly, this state of ambiguity also extends to the scholarship of orientation with only some of its aspects attracting formal enquiry, even though there is ...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Using tablets to support self-regulated learning in a longitudinal integrated clerkship.
Conclusions LICs are environments rich in opportunity for self-regulated learning. Tablets can enhance students' ability to develop and employ self-regulatory skills in a clinical context. PMID: 28440172 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Clinicians should be aware of their responsibilities as role models: a case report on the impact of poor role modeling.
This article describes the impact of poor role modeling on medical students' professional and personal development on the basis of a singular incident at an associated teaching hospital. In addition, scientific literature studying the effect of and the reasons behind poor role modeling in undergraduate and graduate medical education is analyzed and discussed. Results To maximize the educational potential of clinical role modeling, medical schools have to consider strategies both on the individual as well as on the institutional level. Several suggestions are offered on both levels. Discussion/conclusion Based on a case rep...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Evaluation of a web-based portal to improve resident education by neonatology fellows.
Authors: Lakshmanan A, Leeman KT, Brodsky D, Parad R Abstract Background Integration of web-based educational tools into medical training has been shown to increase accessibility of resources and optimize teaching. We developed a web-based educational portal (WBEP) to support teaching of pediatric residents about newborn medicine by neonatology fellows. Objectives 1) To compare residents' attitudes about their fellow-led education in the NICU pre- and post-WBEP; including assessment of factors that impact their education and usefulness of teaching tools. 2) To compare fellow utilization of various teaching modaliti...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The experiences of underrepresented minority faculty in schools of medicine.
Conclusions Strong support from leaders, mentors, and peers to nurture and protect faculty of color in schools of medicine is needed to counteract the negative effects of racism and to promote the positive effects this group has on diversity and excellence in medical education. Specific strategies for survival and success are described. PMID: 28440175 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Physical activity counseling in medical school education: a systematic review.
Conclusions Current results provide some support for previous recommendations, and current initiatives are underway that build upon these. However, evidence of improvements in physician practices and patient outcomes is lacking. Recommendations include future directions for curriculum development and more rigorous research designs. PMID: 28440176 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

From student to steward: the Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience at Georgetown University as a case study in professional development during doctoral training.
We describe activities in the domains of leadership, communication, teaching, public outreach, ethics, collaboration, and mentorship. Finally, we provide data that demonstrate that traditional metrics of academic success are not adversely affected by the inclusion of professional development activities in the curricula. By incorporating these seven 'professional development' activities into the required coursework and dissertation research experience, the IPN motivates students to become stewards of the discipline. PMID: 28440177 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Contextual considerations in implementing problem-based learning approaches in a Brazilian medical curriculum: the UNAERP experience.
Discussion and conclusion Our experience illustrates the importance of context (both cultural and structural) in implementing certain pedagogies within one Brazilian training program. We plan to address these barriers by: 1) integrating units, whenever possible, within a spiral curriculum; 2) introducing real patients earlier in students' pre-clinical coursework (primarily in a primary care setting); and 3) using subject experts as PBL tutors to better motivate students. PMID: 28440178 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

USSTRIDE program is associated with competitive Black and Latino student applicants to medical school.
Authors: Campbell KM, Berne-Anderson T, Wang A, Dormeus G, Rodríguez JE Abstract Purpose We compared MCAT scores, grade point averages (GPAs), and medical school acceptance rates of Black and Latino students in an outreach program called Undergraduate Science Students Together Reaching Instructional Diversity and Excellence (USSTRIDE) to non-USSTRIDE students. We hypothesized that Black and Latino participants in USSTRIDE had higher acceptance rates to medical school, higher MCAT scores, and college GPAs when compared to other Black and Latino medical school applicants from our institution. Methods The acade...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Retention of first aid and basic life support skills in undergraduate medical students.
Conclusions The long-term retention of FA and BLS skills after a compulsory course in the first year is poor. Adequate check of vital signs and commencing cardiopulmonary resuscitation retained longer. PMID: 28440180 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Emergency medicine resident crisis resource management ability: a simulation-based longitudinal study.
Conclusions In summary, CRM skills are progressive abilities, and simulation is a useful modality for tracking their development. Modification of this tool may be needed to assess advanced learners' gains in performance. PMID: 28440181 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education - a 4-year follow-up study.
Authors: Rotthoff T, Ostapczuk MS, Kröncke KD, Zimmerhofer A, Decking U, Schneider M, Ritz-Timme S Abstract Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure co...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Characteristics of test anxiety among medical students and congruence of strategies to address it.
Discussion Students' adoption of a 'menu' of strategies rather than one or two carefully selected strategies suggest inefficiencies that might be addressed by interventions, such as advisor-directed conversations with students and incorporating student self-assessment and strategies for managing anxiety within courses on test-taking. Such interventions are in need of further study. An annotated list of evidence-based strategies would be helpful to students and educators. Most important, test anxiety should be viewed by medical educators as a 'real' experience, and students would benefit from educator support. PMID: 284...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Where do we go from here? Moving from systems-based practice process measures to true competency via developmental milestones.
Authors: Martinez J, Phillips E, Harris C Abstract For many educators it has been challenging to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's requirements for teaching systems-based practice (SBP). An additional layer of complexity for educators is evaluating competency in SBP, despite milestones and entrustable professional activities (EPAs). In order to address this challenge, the authors present the results of a literature review for how SBP is currently being taught and a series of recommendations on how to achieve competency in SBP for graduate medical trainees with the use of milestones. Th...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 27, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The LGBTQI health forum: an innovative interprofessional initiative to support curriculum reform.
Authors: Braun HM, Ramirez D, Zahner GJ, Gillis-Buck EM, Sheriff H, Ferrone M Abstract Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy s...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 14, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Improving clerkship preparedness: a hospital medicine elective for pre-clerkship students.
CONCLUSIONS: Students found the one-on-one feedback and personalized attention from attending physicians to be a particularly useful aspect of the course. This frequently cited benefit points to students' perceived needs and the value they place on individualized feedback. Our innovation harnesses an untapped resource - the hospital medicine 'non-teaching' service - and serves as an attainable option for schools interested in enhancing early clinical skill-building for all students, including those recommended for remediation. ABBREVIATIONS: A&P: Assessment and plan; H&P: History and physical; ILP: Individual l...
Source: Medical Education Online - April 13, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The Columbia-Bronx VA amalgamative clerkship: an effective, 12-week, integrated, longitudinal clinical experience.
CONCLUSIONS: Early outcomes indicate that the BVA AC provides a degree of longitudinality that can influence student perceptions of patient care, career development, and health systems, consistent with the larger LIC. The team continues to gather additional data on students' experiences and investigate additional sites that have potential to serve as future AC learning environments. PMID: 28317473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 22, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The state of leadership education in US medical schools: results of a national survey.
This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation. A web-based survey of medical education deans from US allopathic medical schools (N = 144) was administered from November 2014 to February 2015. The survey included questions on the presence of leadership curricula, delivery format, student participation rates, and forms of recognition. Eighty-eight surveys were completed; the majority (85%) of respondents were associate or assistant deans for medical education. Approximately half (5...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 17, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Wellness and Impairment Content in Schools of Medicine Curricula in the United States and Canada.
Authors: Moss SB, Smith PO Abstract Medical students experience numerous stressors, ranging from academic demands to financial strain. These stressors contribute to medical students having a substantial incidence of psychological problems, substance abuse, and seeking of mental health treatment. Left untreated, these problems can result in dysfunctional habit development and subsequent professional impairment. Research has demonstrated the benefits of wellness-impairment educational programs in medical education, but it is unknown to what degree the topics of wellness and impairment are included in medical school c...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Using Bedside Rounds to Teach Communication Skills in the Internal Medicine Clerkship.
CONCLUSIONS: The curriculum appears to be a successful way to reinforce core communication skills and practice common challenging situations students encounter during the Internal Medicine Clerkship. PMID: 28253095 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Perceptions of Medical Students from Pakistan.
CONCLUSION: Despite being aware of the usefulness of CAM only a few medical students had pursued further knowledge. In order to prepare the medical students of today to better fulfill their duties as tomorrow's physicians, consideration should be given to incorporating CAM in the medical curriculum. PMID: 28253096 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Design and Implementation of a Video-based Clinical Examination.
Authors: Valdez CA, Paulsen S Abstract OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe the development of a Video-based Clinical Examination (VCE) as a formal testing format to evaluate student ability to make an accurate pharmaceutical assessment and recommendation, and (2) determine student perception of the VCE testing format. METHODS: Descriptive study of first-year pharmacy students. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-nine students were included in the study. Students perceived that the VCE testing format provided a real life/interactive environment but felt rushed as the video segments of the patient/pharmacist interaction ...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Teaching Residents to Teach: The Impact of a Multi-Disciplinary Longitudinal Curriculum to Improve Teaching Skills.
CONCLUSION: Residents are eager to improve their teaching skills and benefit from a multidisciplinary learning group. A successful teaching curriculum increases resident interest in teaching and impacts self-efficacy and self-assessed teaching skills. PMID: 28253098 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A study of Two Clinical Performance Scores: Assessing the Psychometric Characteristics of a Combined Score Derived from Clinical Evaluation Forms and OSCEs.
Conclusion - These results demonstrate that assessment information based on simulated and actual patient encounters can be combined into a composite. Since a composite score may provide a more valid measure of clinical performance, this study supports using a combined CEF and OSCE measure. PMID: 28253099 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Pre-Clinical Medical Students' Exposure to and Attitudes Toward Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing.
Conclusions - These findings and findings from related studies, coupled with the students' desire to learn more about the issue, suggest that an early educational intervention addressing this topic may be warranted in American medical schools. PMID: 28253100 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Attitudes, Practice and Educational Preferences Towards Evidence-Based Medicine among Physicians in a Large Teaching Hospital.
The objectives of this survey were to identify a) the attitude toward and practice of EBM among physicians, b) perceived benefits of EBM in daily practice, c) barriers to EBM practice, and d) preferred educational interventions. METHODS: This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey of physicians in a single large teaching hospital. RESULTS: Overall, 56% of the physician respondents described the attitude towards EBM in their institution as positive. A similar number of physicians also reported the attitude of their colleagues towards EBM as favourable. 67% of the physicians believed EBM was useful in daily...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Student Course Evaluations: Common Themes across Courses and Years.
Authors: Sadoski M, Sanders CW Abstract Student course evaluations were analyzed for common themes across five different basic science, clinical, and innovative courses from the first and third years of medical school. Each course had both unique and common numerically scaled items including an overall quality rating item. A principal components analysis was conducted for each course to determine the items that loaded most heavily on the same component as the overall quality item. Across courses and years, the items that consistently loaded on the same component as the overall quality item were (1) administrative a...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Personality Profiles of Incoming Male and Female Medical Students: Results of a Multi-Site 9-Year Study.
This study conveys findings of a 9-year multi-site study of personality traits among incoming medical students. The purpose of the study was twofold. First, it assessed gender differences by exploring personality traits of incoming male and female medical students. Second, it sought to illuminate personality factors associated with those who choose a career in medicine by comparing personality characteristics of medical students to those of the general population. METHODS: The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) was administered at four medical schools to two thousand one hundred seventy seven first-year me...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Integrating Emerging Infections Education into Medical Education: An Innovative Approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Most participants felt that outbreak preparedness was not adequately addressed in their curricula and almost all wanted more instruction. In addition, the didactic course and workshop improved self-reported student knowledge of the basic principles of contagious disease outbreak detection and management. Based on the results of our study, we propose integration of a three-hour simulation-based workshop with other instructional endeavors in emerging infections and biopreparedness into medical education curricula. We recommend the offering of a more comprehensive course for those pursuing emergency medicine and ...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Prescribing of Controlled Substances for Non-Patients in the Educational Setting: Review of the Ethical, Legal, and Moral Dilemma for Residents.
Authors: Halldorsson A Abstract Prescription drug abuse is an enormous problem in modern society. Studies have shown that it results in more injuries and deaths to Americans than all illegal drugs combined.1 In this review, the author discusses the prescribing of controlled substances by residents as it relates to intercollegial and other non-patient workplace encounters. Physician drug abuse, medical/legal issues regarding controlled substance prescriptions, and ethical conflicts will be discussed. These issues will be specifically addressed as they relate to the academic institutions where residents can potential...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Pathways to "Involved Professionalism": Making Processes of Professional Acculturation Intentional and Transparent.
Conclusion - We suggest that a further model of professionalism is required to address the challenges of the need for community responsiveness, collaboration, high quality health care and a hospitable professional environment. 'Involved professionalism' ties together knowledge, individual responsibility, collective responsibility and responsiveness to society. It is offered as a framework for health practitioners, policy makers and medical educators. PMID: 28253109 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Standardized Patient Feedback in Clinical Teaching: A Mixed Methods Analysis.
Authors: Doyle Howley L, Martindale J Abstract INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of oral feedback from standardized patients on medical students' overall perceptions of an educational exercise. We chose a mixed-methods approach to better understand the following research questions: Does satisfaction with the standardized patient exercise differ among those students who receive oral feedback and those who do not? What is the quality of oral feedback provided by standardized patients? PROCEDURES: In order to address the first question, a basic randomized design comparin...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Teaching Physicians Procedural Skills at a National Professional Meeting.
CONCLUSION: Skin biopsy and arthrocentesis/joint injection skills can be taught to practicing physicians in a workshop setting at national professional meetings. PMID: 28253111 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Medical Education and Curriculum Reform: Putting Reform Proposals in Context.
Authors: Iedema R, Degeling P, Braithwaite J, Kam Yin Chan D Abstract The purpose of this paper is to elaborate criteria by which the principles of curriculum reform can be judged. To this end, the paper presents an overview of standard critiques of medical education and examines the ways medical curriculum reforms have responded to these critiques. The paper then sets out our assessment of these curriculum reforms along three parameters: pedagogy, educational context, and knowledge status. Following on from this evaluation of recent curriculum reforms, the paper puts forward four criteria with which to gauge the a...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Family Medicine Residents' Performance with Detected Versus Undetected Simulated Patients Posing as Problem Drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS: Multi-clinic studies involving residents experienced with SPs should ensure that the SP role and behavior conform to physician expectations and the demographics of the clinic. SP station testing does not accurately reflect physicians' actual clinical behavior and should not be relied on as the primary method of evaluation. The study also suggests that physicians' poor performance in identifying and managing alcohol problems is not entirely due to lack of skill, as they demonstrated greater clinical skills when they became aware that they were being evaluated. Physicians' clinical priorities, sense of responsib...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Attitudes and Views of Medical Students toward Science and Pseudoscience.
CONCLUSIONS: Medical students' attitudes toward science are generally not favorable. PMID: 28253114 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Psychiatric Training in Pakistan.
Authors: Naeem F, Ayub M Abstract High rates of mental illness, particularly depression have been reported in Pakistan. The health system is both under developed and poorly resourced. It is therefore not surprising that psychiatric training is at its very early stages, at both undergraduate and the postgraduate level. In order to look after the mentally ill patients radical changes need to be implemented in training of doctors. Medical curriculum needs to place more focus on psychiatry. This should not only help junior doctors in understanding the need for psychiatry, but will also prepare them for the challenges t...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Raising Medical Students' Awareness of Nutrition and Fitness in Disease Prevention: Nutrition and Fitness Program at the University of Iowa.
Authors: Snetselaar L, Malville-Shipan K, Ahrens L, Smith K, Chenard C, Stumbo P, Gordon J, Thomas A Abstract At the University of Iowa we devised a learning experience, called the Nutrition and Fitness Program, for third-year medical students. The program was designed to raise awareness of the role of nutrition and exercise in the prevention and treatment of disease. Students spent one afternoon learning about their personal health risk factors, such as body mass index, percent body fat, other anthropometric measures such as waist, hip and mid-arm circumference, blood lipids, bone-mass density, dietary analysis, a...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Academic Support Services in U.S. and Canadian Medical Schools.
CONCLUSIONS: Academic support is common, but has broad interpretation; services are varied. Programs are conceptualized differently, some to provide specific assistance to pass courses, and others for skill development, to enhance self-directed, life-long learning. PMID: 28253117 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development and Evaluation of a Nutrition and Physical Activity Counseling Module for First-Year Medical Students.
Authors: Bass Iii PF, Stetson BA, Rising W, Wesley GC, Ritchie CS Abstract INTRODUCTION: Few Americans follow recommendations regarding nutrition or physical activity, and few physicians provide nutritional counseling (NC) or physical activity counseling (PAC) to patients. Clinical, systems-based, and institutional barriers to teaching and providing NC and PAC exist, but theoretical models of behavior change and principles of adult learning theory (ALT) can enable medical educators to overcome these barriers. METHODS: We developed an educational intervention consisting of interactive lectures and two standardiz...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development, Implementation and Evaluation of an M3 Community Health Curriculum.
DISCUSSION: Most students agree that at the completion of the course they understand what it means to be a community-responsive physician, and they have developed skills to help them become more community responsive. Evaluation tools need to be developed to assess if students' behavior has changed due to course participation. PMID: 28253119 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Determining Component Weights in a Communications Assessment Using Judgmental Policy Capturing.
DISCUSSION: JPC is an effective procedure for determining appropriate weights for complex clinical assessment components. The derived weights may be very different for those assessment components. PMID: 28253120 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

An Assessment of the Impact of Multimedia, Technology-Based Learning Tools on the Cardiac Auscultation Skills of Third-Year Medical Students.
Authors: Torre DM, Pfeifer KJ, Lamb GC, Walters MP, Sebastian JL, Simpson DE Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that medical students and post-graduate trainees need to improve their proficiency in cardiac auscultation. Technologic advances have created new learner-centered opportunities to enhance proficiency in this important physical examination skill. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine if technology-based, self-directed learning tools improved the cardiac auscultation skills of third-year medical students. METHODS: Sixteen (16) third-year medical (M3) students were exposed to three educati...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

MD/MBA Students: An Analysis of Medical Student Career Choice.
CONCLUSIONS: Students entering these programs do so for a variety of reasons and plan diverse careers. These findings can provide guidance for program development and recruitment for dual degree medical education programs. PMID: 28253122 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

An Evaluation on Medical Students' Satisfaction with Clinical Education and its Effective Factors.
CONCLUSION: Based on the present study, we conclude that clinical education should be reevaluated in our university with the specific attention to the class size, variety of diseases and course planning considered for each session in clinical education. PMID: 28253123 [PubMed] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Knowledge of Evidence-Based Practice and Searching Skills.
Authors: Bradley P, Herrin J Abstract The aim of this study was to develop and validate three instruments which measure knowledge about searching for and critically appraising scientific articles (evidence-based practice-EBP). Twentythree questions were collected from previous studies and modified by an expert panel. These questions were then administered to 55 delegates before and after two international conferences in EBP; the responses were assessed for discriminative ability and internal consistency. Five questions were discarded and three instruments of six questions each were developed. Finally, the instrumen...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research