Learning medical professionalism - the application of appreciative inquiry and social media.
CONCLUSIONS: This innovative training program was well accepted in the formal curriculum and the predesigned social media environment. Appreciative inquiry for medical professionalism should be integrated into the organizational culture and the culture of social media interaction. PMID: 30831060 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 6, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The Medical Student Summer Research Program at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston: building research foundations.
CONCLUSIONS: MSSRP is a curriculum-based program that provides a framework to other medical institutions interested in the development of similar student research programs and provides students the exposure and option to continue with research as a component of their medical profession. PMID: 30831061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - March 6, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Creating a collaborative peer writing group during residency.
Authors: Lukolyo H, Keating EM, Rees CA Abstract Residency training principally aims to educate trainees on the clinical care of patients. This arduous period of training also offers access to mentorship and institutional resources for research; however, the demands of rigorous clinical training present barriers to conducting meaningful research during this time. Peer writing groups have been shown to be effective means to increase scholarly output among faculty but have not been well described as models to increase scholarly output among residents. The authors established a collaborative peer writing group during ...
Source: Medical Education Online - March 4, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Visual art instruction in medical education: a narrative review.
Authors: Mukunda N, Moghbeli N, Rizzo A, Niepold S, Bassett B, DeLisser HM Abstract The humanities have been increasingly incorporated into medical school curricula in order to promote clinical skills and professional formation. To understand its current use, we reviewed the literature on visual arts training in medical education, including relevant qualitative and quantitative data. Common themes that emerged from this review included a focus on preclinical students; instruction promoting observation, diagnostic skills, empathy, team building, communication skills, resilience, and cultural sensitivity. Successful ...
Source: Medical Education Online - February 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Video lectures versus live lectures: competing or complementary?
Authors: Ranasinghe L, Wright L PMID: 30810511 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Use of student feedback to drive quality improvement (QI) in a preclinical U.S. medical school course.
We report the systematic process we used to collect data from students and faculty that helped facilitate quality improvement in a key course in Phase-1 of our LEARN curriculum. PMID: 30810513 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Development and pilot of an interprofessional pediatric resuscitation program for non-acute care inpatient providers.
Authors: Gupta R, Fitzgibbons C, Ramsay C, Vanderheiden L, Toppozini C, Lobos AT Abstract Multiprofessional ward healthcare providers are generally unprepared to assemble and engage in the initial resuscitation of pediatric inpatients. This is important as the performance of these first-responders, in the several minutes prior to the arrival of acute care support, may have significant effects on overall patient outcome. Accordingly, we aimed to develop and pilot a training program intended for non-acute care inpatient providers, relevant to their working context. Using the latest theory and evidence in medical educ...
Source: Medical Education Online - February 28, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Video lectures versus live lectures: competing or complementary?
Authors: Ranasinghe L, Wright L PMID: 30724718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 8, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Developing faculty leadership from 'within': a 12-year reflection from an internal faculty leadership development program of an academic health sciences center.
This article describes perspectives from our 12-year experience cultivating a formal faculty LDP within an academic health center and longitudinal outcomes of our LDP. Responding to faculty concerns from University of California San Francisco's (UCSF) 2001 Faculty Climate Survey, UCSF established the UCSF-Coro Faculty Leadership Collaborative (FLC) in 2005. The FLC focused on building leadership skills using a cohort-based, experiential, interactive and collaborative learning approach. From 2005 to 2012, FLC has conducted training for 136 graduates over 7 cohorts with 97.6% completion rate. FLC faculty participants include...
Source: Medical Education Online - February 5, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Writing to learn on the wards: scholarly blog posts by medical students and housestaff at a teaching hospital.
Authors: Manian FA, Hsu F Abstract BACKGROUND: Informative writing is a valuable tool for learning and fostering the scientific process. Pearls4Peers (P4P) is an educational open-access website dedicated to scholarly blog posts in hospital medicine based on questions raised during ward teaching rounds. A goal of P4P is to enhance the learning experience of medical students and housestaff (i.e., interns and upper-level residents) by inviting them to write blog posts for a worldwide audience. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with inviting medical students and housestaff to contribute blog posts to a clinical...
Source: Medical Education Online - January 31, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Digitalising medical education: sacrificing skills for knowledge?
Authors: Ranasinghe L PMID: 30663533 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - January 22, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Perceptions of a longitudinal standardized patient experience by standardized patients, medical students, and faculty.
CONCLUSION: Stakeholders observed that the LSP cases brought some sense of continuity missing in other clinical skills encounters which helped prepare students for patient care. Continuity pairings of students, faculty, and SPs were recommended to enhance relationship-building and feedback. PMID: 30560720 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 20, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Video versus live lecture courses: a comparative evaluation of lecture types and results.
CONCLUSIONS: Video and live lectures are equally effective in preparation for the clinical part of the medical exams. Video lectures offer many benefits for the students and for the faculties, and may complement and partly replace conventional live events. PMID: 30560721 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 20, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Correction.
CORRECTION. Med Educ Online. 2019 Dec;24(1):1554876 Authors: PMID: 30540221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 13, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Digital devices for teaching cardiac auscultation - a randomized pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Digital stethoscopes and hand-held echo may be useful devices for teaching cardiac auscultation. This pilot study provides a novel study design, a heart murmur grading system, and data that will help develop definitive studies to assess new teaching techniques for cardiac auscultation using digital technology. PMID: 30499380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - December 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Fostering self-determination of bedside providers to promote active participation in rapid response events.
The objective of the study is to enhance active participation of bedside providers in RR by fostering self-determination through targeted education. DESIGN: Needs assessment affirmed that bedside providers in our tertiary academic pediatric hospital felt loss of control over patient care, lack of competence, and disconnect from the RR team. We used the principles of autonomy, competence, and relatedness posited by the self-determination theory to guide the development, implementation, and evaluation of our educational program for bedside providers. RESULTS: Forty-two bedside providers participated in our program. P...
Source: Medical Education Online - December 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Orderly display of limb lead ECGs raises Chinese intern's diagnostic accuracy when determining frontal plane QRS axis.
Authors: Li G, Banarsee K, Laukkanen JA, Hao L Abstract BACKGROUND: There is limited information on whether the orderly display of limb lead ECGs (electrocardiograms) can facilitate students to determine frontal plane QRS complex wave electrical axis. OBJECTIVES: The study investigated whether the orderly display of limb lead ECGs can raise Chinese undergraduate intern's diagnostic accuracy when determining frontal plane axis. DESIGN: A total of 147 fifth-year undergraduate interns aged between 21 and 25 years were randomly arranged into 2 groups: one group was given classically displayed ECGs of limb ...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 29, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Assessment of medical students' leadership traits in a problem/case-based learning program.
CONCLUSIONS: Medical students demonstrated development of several important leadership traits during the first 2 years of medical school. This was accomplished while participating in the PEARLS program and without the addition of curricular time. Future work will examine the impact of third year clerkships on leadership traits. PMID: 30406727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 9, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Impact of the final adjective in the Medical Student Performance Evaluation on determination of applicant desirability.
CONCLUSION: The MSPE final adjective had a greater impact than the narrative description of performance on the determination of applicant desirability. ABBREVIATIONS: MSPE: Medical Student Performance Evaluation; AAMC: Association of American Medical Colleges; BCM: Baylor College of Medicine. PMID: 30406730 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 9, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Medical school dropouts: regrettable or required?
Authors: Rajabali H, Dewji R, Dewji F PMID: 30406731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 9, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

'Fostering transformative learning, self-reflexivity and medical citizenship through guided tours of disadvantaged neighborhoods'.
CONCLUSIONS: This pilot demonstrated that incorporating self-reflexive learning exercises into a brief community-based guided tour can enhance the social consciousness of medical students by deepening understandings of health disparities and promoting transformative learning experiences. PMID: 30384820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - November 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Assessment methods and resource requirements for milestone reporting by an emergency medicine clinical competency committee.
Authors: Goyal N, Folt J, Jaskulka B, Baliga S, Slezak M, Schultz LR, Vallee P Abstract BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) introduced milestones for Emergency Medicine (EM) in 2012. Clinical Competency Committees (CCC) are tasked with assessing residents on milestones and reporting them to the ACGME. Appropriate workflows for CCCs are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare different approaches to milestone assessment by a CCC, quantify resource requirements for each and to identify the most efficient workflow. DESIGN: Three distinct processes for ...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Comprehensive history of 3-year and accelerated US medical school programs: a century in review.
Authors: Schwartz CC, Ajjarapu AS, Stamy CD, Schwinn DA Abstract Within the context of major medical education curricular reform ongoing in the United States, a subset of schools has re-initiated accelerated (3-year) medical education. It would be helpful for education leaders to pause and consider historical reasons such accelerated medical schools were started, and then abandoned, over the last century to proactively address important issues. As no comprehensive historical review of 3-year medical education exists, we examined all articles published on this topic since 1900. In general, US medical educational cur...
Source: Medical Education Online - November 2, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Behaviour-based functional and dysfunctional strategies of medical students to cope with burnout.
CONCLUSIONS: The identified behavioural-based functional coping strategies suggest that social support and active relaxing exercises seem to be very important possibilities for medical students to reduce stress and exhaustion. The use of drugs and alcohol for stress reduction raises concerns. Programs are recommended to improve resilient behaviour and to impart the identified functional coping strategies to medical students. PMID: 30371222 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 30, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Fellowship exit examination in orthopaedic surgery in the commonwealth countries of Australia, UK, South Africa and Canada. Are they comparable and equivalent? A perspective on the requirements for medical migration.
Authors: Hohmann E, Tetsworth K Abstract International migration of healthcare professionals has increased substantially in recent decades. In order to practice medicine in the recipient country, International Medical Graduates (IMG) are required to fulfil the requirements of their new countries medical registration authorities. The purpose of this project was to compare the final fellowship exit examination in Orthopaedic Surgery for the UK, Australia, Canada and South Africa. The curriculum of the Australian Orthopaedic Association (SET) was selected as a baseline reference. The competencies and technical modules...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 30, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Contemporary global perspectives of medical students on research during undergraduate medical education: a systematic literature review.
CONCLUSION: Despite the wide variations in medical education systems worldwide, the perspectives of medical students on research in undergraduate medical education shared many common themes. Globally, medical students underscored the necessity and importance of research in medical education as reflected by many students reporting positive attitudes and interest in research endeavors. Moreover, a worldwide consensus emerged regarding the decline in the numbers of physician-scientists and the necessity for a reversal of that trend. Various barriers to research engagement and participation were highlighted. PMID: 30372403...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 30, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Impact of an education-centered medical home on quality at a student-volunteer free clinic.
This study compares screening metrics of a longitudinal clerkship called the education-centered medical home (ECMH) with the standard clinical model at a student-volunteer free clinic (SVFC). In the ECMH model, the same attending physician staffs one half-day of clinic with same group of students weekly for 4 years. Standard clinical models are staffed with students and physicians who come to the SVFC based on availability. DESIGN: ECMH students aimed to increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening rates in their patient panel as part of a quality improvement project. Students prepared individualized care...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 24, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A unique approach to faculty development using an Observed Structured Teaching Encounter (OSTE).
Authors: Smith MA, Cherazard R, Fornari A, Adelman P, Snopkowski M, Lesser M Abstract We have challenges with poor patient satisfaction scores (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems [HCAHPS]) and internal medicine resident (IMR) evaluations of voluntary attending physicians. Using an Observed Structured Teaching Encounter (OSTE), we designed a faculty development project that focused on attendings' teaching and feedback skills. To assess attending communication with interns and improve attending teaching and feedback skills. All IM attendings on the Long Island Jewish Forest Hills (LIJFH)...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 24, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Inspiring the next generation of academic physicians: the academic health careers program.
Authors: Brueckner-Collins JK, Stratton TD, Conigliaro RL Abstract There is growing evidence in the medical education literature for the aggressive need to recruit and retain the next generation of academic physicians. In 2008, the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UK COM) developed an academic health careers (AHCs) program for preclinical medical students as an introduction into the practice of academic medicine. The goals of this elective experience included (1) highly customized training and mentorship experiences in research, teaching, and other aspects of academic medicine; (2) information and perspe...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 17, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A call to reform medical curricula to sustain the NHS.
Authors: Jeyabaladevan P, Yogalingam S Abstract The rise of doctors becoming entrepreneurs can be the solution to the challenges the National Health Service (NHS) currently faces. Doctors and medical students with entrepreneurial aspirations are creating innovative solutions to the problems patients experience. With increasing patient load and decreasing resources in hospitals, it is necessary that medical students are inspired to develop skills that will help to identify problems within organisations and have the knowledge and platforms to convert ideas into reality. By reforming the medical curricula to include h...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 17, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Annual program review process: an enhanced process with outcomes.
This report outlines our systematic process and describes specific outcomes it has produced over a 10-year period. We identified ways to enhance our APREE after reading articles that described various ways to conduct the process found in a PubMed and OvidSP search and relevant policies from our local Graduate Medical Education Office. After discussing options, we incorporated new ideas into our APREE and tasked our Program Evaluation Committee to track outcomes from objectives developed by faculty and residents during each APREE. Objectives from faculty and residents in 10 years of our APREE led to major improvements ...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 14, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A case study on breastfeeding education in Lebanon's public medical school: exploring the potential role of social networks in medical education.
CONCLUSIONS: Our work using breastfeeding as an exemplary case suggests there is a role for better attending to the beliefs of medical students as well as to the social side of medical education. Future studies can use social network theory to help identify and address influences on medical education outcomes. PMID: 30300105 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 10, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

A meta-analytic perspective on the valid use of subjective human judgement to make medical school admission decisions.
Authors: Kreiter C, O'Shea M, Bruen C, Murphy P, Pawlikowska T Abstract While medical educators appear to believe that admission to the medical school should be governed, at least in part, by human judgement, there has been no systematic presentation of evidence suggesting it improves selection. From a fair testing perspective, legal, ethical, and psychometric considerations, all dictate that the scientific evidence regarding human judgement in selection should be given consideration. To investigate the validity of using human judgements in admissions, multi-disciplinary meta-analytic research evidence from the wid...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 7, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

In their own words: stressors facing medical students in the millennial generation.
CONCLUSIONS: Though individually focused interventions have demonstrated some success, medical students self-report stressors that may be better addressed through system-level changes. PMID: 30286698 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - October 7, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The intergroup empathy bias among incoming medical students.
CONCLUSIONS: We showed that empathy levels were modulated by group belonging (25% of the variance was explained by group belonging). Post hoc analyses showed that the differences between the peers' and patients' situations tend to reveal an appropriate professional attitude with regard to patients because they displayed: (1) lower scores on personal distress and fantasy; (2) higher scores on perspective taking (as for peers); (3) stable scores on empathic concern in peers' and patients' situations. However, integrating empathy lessons in the educational program of medical students remains a priority. In a long-term perspec...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 6, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The development of medical MOOCs in China: current situation and challenges.
This study aimed to investigate the current situation and challenges on the development of medical massive open online courses (MOOCs) in China. A survey was constructed and the statistical analysis was adopted to evaluate the medical MOOCs. The results showed that the medical MOOC-related journal papers, conference papers, books and dissertations have risen dramatically over the past five years. In addition, the top 6 most representative MOOC platforms provide the majority (87%) of medical courses. The statistical analysis showed that PMPH-MOOC was the most influential medical MOOC platform in China. Compared to the forei...
Source: Medical Education Online - October 6, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Social Networking Sites (SNSs) in medical education: a student's perspective.
Authors: Nadir R, Bashir K, Nasir MA, Khan HA PMID: 30252622 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - September 27, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Exploring the relative importance of work-organizational burnout risk factors in Belgian residents.
This study analyzed the relative importance of positive and negative work-organizational stressors, according to residents themselves, with NVivo11. Eleven work-organizational themes were found with deductive reasoning and two themes, recognition and success experiences, were found inductively. Main positive stressors are professional development, receiving feedback, experiencing success, autonomy and social support. Main negative stressors are high workloads, role conflicts/ambiguity, long work hours, and a lack of feedback, a lack of social support, and a lack of professional development. Measures to improve residents' w...
Source: Medical Education Online - September 26, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Innovation in medical education: a culinary coaching tele-nutrition training program.
Authors: Polak R, Pober D, Finkelstein A, Budd MA, Moore M, Silver JK, Phillips EM Abstract BACKGROUND: Nutrition medical education training programs that are focused on home cooking are emerging. OBJECTIVE: This short communication describes the first synchronous tele-nutrition medical education training program using a novel Culinary Coaching (CC) model. DESIGN: Seven health coaches were trained and each coach delivered CC programs to four patients (28 total). Evaluations included:1) two questionnaires before, immediately after, and six months post training program; and 2) one questionnaire after each pat...
Source: Medical Education Online - August 31, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Queering medical education: systematically assessing LGBTQI health competency and implementing reform.
Authors: DeVita T, Bishop C, Plankey M Abstract Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals face well-established health disparities. American medical schools have been inconsistent in their training in the care of LGBTQI-identified patient, and many have not formally assessed their curriculums for content related to the care of LGBTQI-identified patients. From 2015 to 2016, the authors systematically evaluated Georgetown University School of Medicine's preclinical curriculum for its LGBTQI competency using video lecture capture, LGBTQI health competencies published by the American...
Source: Medical Education Online - August 31, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Concerning trends in allopathic medical school faculty rank for Indigenous people: 2014-2016.
Authors: Brodt E, Bruegl A, Thayer EK, Eiff MP, Gonzales K, Crespo C, Spector D, Kamaka M, Carpenter DA, Carney PA Abstract BACKGROUND: Trends in faculty rank according to racial and ethnic composition have not been reviewed in over a decade. OBJECTIVE:  To study trends in faculty rank according to racial and ethnicity with a specific focus on Indigenous faculty, which has been understudied. METHODS: Data from the Association of American Medical Colleges' Faculty Administrative Management Online User System was used to study trends in race/ethnicity faculty composition and rank between 2014 and 2016, w...
Source: Medical Education Online - August 15, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The Practitioner's Guide to Global Health: an interactive, online, open-access curriculum preparing medical learners for global health experiences.
The objective of this study is to create and evaluate an open-access, interactive massive open online course (MOOC) that prepares learners to safely and effectively participate in STEGH, permits flexible and asynchronous learning, is free of charge, and provides a certificate upon successful completion. METHODS: Global health experts from 8 countries, 42 institutions, and 7 specialties collaborated to create The Practitioner's Guide to Global Health (PGGH): the first course of this kind on the edX platform. Demographic data, pre- and posttests, and course evaluations were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Within its...
Source: Medical Education Online - August 8, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Measuring the extent and nature of use of Social Networking Sites in Medical Education (SNSME) by university students: Results of a multi-center study.
This study aims to determine educational use of SNSs by the medical students of two Saudi and a Kuwaiti medical school. A cross-sectional study was conducted by administering a 20-statement questionnaire to the undergraduate medical and allied health sciences students of two Saudi universities: Taibah University (TU) and Imam Abdulrahman AlFaisal University (IAFU), and one Kuwaiti university, Kuwait University (KU). The data were collected and analyzed by SPSS 20. Of a total of 1312 respondents, 1181 (90%) students used SNSs and 131 (10%) did not use SNSs for any reason. Further, only 442/1181 (37%, p 
Source: Medical Education Online - August 8, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Trustingly bewildered. How first-year medical students make sense of their learning experience in a traditional, preclinical curriculum.
CONCLUSION: Trust in the educational system, within a substandard learning environment, created cognitive dissonance that students resolved through rationalization, whereby they negated that factual overload and lack of relevance, reflection, and personal feedback was problematic. The cost of this mechanism is possibly that inferior teaching is perceived as normal, necessary, and good enough. If so, these future physicians' ability to critically evaluate and create quality in medical education and practice, may be weakened. PMID: 30064330 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - August 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

The relationships between the medical learners' motivations and strategies to learning medicine and learning outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the first report of the correlation between house officers' ALM and learning outcomes. House officers with deep strategies were more likely to have better learning outcomes. In particular, house officers with a surface motive to learning medicine, i.e., aiming for qualification, were surprisingly correlated with better learning outcomes. PMID: 30012059 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - July 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

An innovative approach to identifying learning needs for intrinsic CanMEDS roles in continuing professional development.
This study explores whether physician narratives around challenging cases would provide information regarding learning needs that could help guide the development of CPD activities for intrinsic CanMEDS competencies. METHODS: We surveyed medical and surgical specialists from Southern Ontario using an online survey. To assess perceived needs, participants were asked, 'Describe three CPD topic you would like to learn about in the next 12 months'. To identify learning needs that may have arisen from problems encountered in practice, participants were asked, 'Describe three challenging situations encountered in the pa...
Source: Medical Education Online - July 18, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Integrated problem-based learning versus lectures: a path analysis modelling of the relationships between educational context and learning approaches.
This study aimed at investigating the relationships between students' perception of their educational context and learning approaches in three learning environments differing by their teaching formats (lecture or problem-based-learning PBL) and integration level of the curriculum (traditional or integrated). We tested the hypothesis that a PBL format and an integrated curriculum are associated to deeper approaches to learning and that this is mediated by student perception. The study sample was constituted of 1394 medical students trained respectively in a traditional lecture-based (n = 295), in an integrated lec...
Source: Medical Education Online - July 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Beyond 'charting outcomes' in the radiation oncology match: analysis of self-reported applicant data.
Authors: Jang S, Rosenberg SA, Hullett C, Bradley KA, Kimple RJ Abstract The Charting Outcomes resource is useful in gauging an applicant's competiveness for a given specialty. However, many variables are not reported in Charting Outcomes that may influence an applicant's ability to match. A significant proportion of applicants record their experiences in an anonymous, self-reported applicant spreadsheet. We analyzed factors associated with a successful match using this dataset to test the hypothesis that research productivity and high academic performance correlates with success rates. A retrospective analysis of ...
Source: Medical Education Online - June 28, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Using multiple mini interviews as a pre-screening tool for medical student candidates completing international health electives.
Authors: Satterfield CA, Dacso MM, Patel P Abstract There continues to be an increase in the number of learners who participate in international health electives (IHEs). However, not all learners enter IHEs with the same level of knowledge, attitude, and previous experience, which puts undue burden on host supervisors and poses risks to student and patient safety. The Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) is a technique that has become a popular method for undergraduate and postgraduate-level health science admissions programs. This paper describes the MMI process used by our program to screen first-year medical students a...
Source: Medical Education Online - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Student response to reports of unprofessional behavior: assessing risk of subsequent professional problems in medical school.
CONCLUSION: Student reactions to reports of unprofessional behavior may be useful as a tool to help assess risk of recurrent lapses. Students with diminished capacity to recognize behaviors as unprofessional or accept responsibility for them appear to be at highest risk for additional adverse academic and professionalism events while in medical school. PMID: 29912668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - June 19, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research