Online closed ‐loop real‐time tES‐fMRI for brain modulation: A technical report
Here, we assessed tolerability/safety/noise concerns and methodological aspects of a real-time closed-loop tACS-fMRI trial. We discussed the risk of electrode heating and localization of the electrodes, while people are lying down inside the scanner, MRI conditional stimulator setup, RF filters, and wire outing patterns, the amount/type of contact medium, the timing of concurrent tACS within the fMRI paradigm, optimization algorithm and parameters search space to optimally target the frontoparietal network. The initial results of feasibility and applicability of closed-loop tACS-fMRI are reported, and potential hypotheses ...
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 22, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Beni Mulyana, Aki Tsuchiyagaito, Masaya Misaki, Rayus Kuplicki, Jared Smith, Ghazaleh Soleimani, Ashkan Rashedi, Duke Shereen, Til Ole Bergman, Samuel Cheng, Martin P. Paulus, Jerzy Bodurka, Hamed Ekhtiari Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Uncovering sex/gender differences of arithmetic in the human brain: Insights from fMRI studies
AbstractOver the long run, STEM fields had been perceived as dominant by males, despite that numerous studies have shown that female students do not underperform their male classmates in mathematics and science. In this review, we discuss whether and how sex/gender shows specificity in arithmetic processing using a cognitive neuroscience approach not only to capture contemporary differences in brain and behavior but also to provide exclusive brain bases knowledge that is unseen in behavioral outcomes alone. We begin by summarizing studies that had examined sex differences/similarities in behavioral performance of mathemati...
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 21, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Ting ‐Ting Chang, Nai‐Feng Chen, Yang‐Teng Fan Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Liver transplantation in rare late ‐onset ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency with central nervous system injury: A case report and review of the literature
ConclusionFor OTCD patients with central nervous system injury, liver transplantation can fundamentally solve the problem of ammonia metabolism in the liver and avoids further damage to the central nervous system caused by hyperammonemia. At the same time, children's nervous systems are in the developmental stage when neuroplasticity is greatest. If liver transplantation is performed as soon as possible, nerve repair is still possible. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 21, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Xin Jin, Xinchen Zeng, Dong Zhao, Nan Jiang Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Association of increased pain intensity, daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, and quality of life with mobile phone overuse in patients with migraine: A multicenter, cross ‐sectional comparative study
Conclusion: We observed that smartphone overuse could worsen pain, sleep, and reduce treatment efficacy in individuals with migraine. Therefore, controlled smartphone use is recommended to avoid worsening symptoms. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 21, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Mehwish Butt, Yeny Chavarria, Jesse Ninmol, Aabiya Arif, Sameer Saleem Tebha, Muhammad Daniyal, Umesa Mazhar Siddiqui, Syeda Samia Shams, Qubra Sarfaraz, Syeda Fatima Haider, Mohammad Yasir Essar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Health ‐related quality of life in patients with multiple system atrophy using the EQ‐5D‐5L
ConclusionThe problem reported most frequently by Chinese individuals with MSA was mobility. In addition to the greater disease severity of MSA, fatigue, PD-SP, depression, and anxiety were determinants of poor HRQoL. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 20, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Yi Xiao, Lingyu Zhang, Qianqian Wei, Ruwei Ou, Yanbing Hou, Kuncheng Liu, Junyu Lin, Tianmi Yang, Huifang Shang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prediction of delay discounting in intertemporal decisions by future thinking: Accounting for fluency, contents, and functions of future thoughts
ConclusionThe frequency of future thoughts one can generate, specifically future thoughts about financial contents, is associated with less short-sighted intertemporal decisions. The former relationship is enhanced for longer delays (e.g., 5 –10 years). Besides, individuals who frequently engage in FT for planning (planning out sequences of actions) discount future rewards to a lesser extent. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 19, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Fatemeh Eivazi, Javad Hatami, Alireza Moradi, Mohammad ‐Reza Nazem‐Zadeh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 16, 2022 Category: Neurology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Successful thrombolytic therapy is associated with increased granulocyte CD15 expression and reduced stroke ‐induced immunosuppression
ConclusionsOur current results indicate that TT may not only acutely reduce the systemic inflammatory response following stroke but may also play a role in reversing SIIS at a later stage following the insult, as reflected by the higher expression of the CD15 marker on granulocytes following successful TT. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 16, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Katalin Anna B éres‐Molnár, Ágnes Czeti, Ferenc Takács, Gábor Barna, Dániel Kis, Gabriella Róka, András Folyovich, Gergely Toldi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Shape analysis of subcortical structures in obsessive ‐compulsive disorder and the relationship with comorbid anxiety, depression, and medication use: A meta‐analysis by the OCD Brain Imaging Consortium
ConclusionsThe findings here are partly consistent with prior work on brain volumes in OCD, insofar as they emphasize that alterations in subcortical brain morphology are associated with comorbidity and medication status. Further work is needed to understand the biological processes contributing to subcortical shape. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 15, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Jean ‐Paul Fouche, Nynke A. Groenewold, Tatum Sevenoaks, Sarah Heany, Christine Lochner, Pino Alonso, Marcelo C. Batistuzzo, Narcis Cardoner, Christopher R. K. Ching, Stella J. Wit, Boris Gutman, Marcelo Q. Hoexter, Neda Jahanshad, Minah Ki Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Molecular genetic associations between a prominent serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5 ‐HTTLPR/rs25531) and individual differences in tendencies toward autistic traits and generalized internet use disorder in China and Germany
ConclusionsOur findings suggest carriers of low expressing alleles (S, LG) are more likely to show higher autistic traits in both Chinese and German samples. Furthermore, the present work shows that both 5-HTTLPR/rs25531 and cultural differences might be of relevance to understand associations between autistic traits and IUD tendencies, but this needs to be further backed up. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 15, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: YingYing Zhang, Shuxia Yao, Helena Schmitt, Benjamin Becker, Keith M. Kendrick, Christian Montag Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A systematic review of the literature on telepsychiatry for bipolar disorder
ConclusionsGiven the morbidity of BP disorder, the research addressing the telepsychiatry diagnosis and treatment of BP disorder is sparse, with only emerging evidence of its reliability, effectiveness, and acceptance. There is no research assessing the safety and efficacy of telepsychiatry in pediatric populations with BP disorder. Given the morbidity associated with BP disorder at any age, further research is needed to determine how to safely and effectively incorporate telepsychiatry into clinical care for BP adult and pediatric patients. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 14, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Abigail Farrell, Nevita George, Selen Amado, Janet Wozniak Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Intracortical myelin in individuals with alcohol use disorder: An initial proof ‐of‐concept study
ConclusionThese findings provide initial evidence of ICM differences in a moderately sized sample of individuals with AUD compared to controls, although the inflation of type 1 error rate necessitates caution in drawing conclusions. Robustly establishing these differences in larger samples is necessary. The cross-sectional design cannot address whether the observed differences predate AUD or are consequences of heavy alcohol consumption. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 14, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Vanessa Morris, Nicholas Bock, Luciano Minuzzi, James MacKillop, Michael Amlung Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

How academic performance influences social integration: The moderation effect of cultural distance among Chinese cross ‐borderers
ConclusionThe host society is the structural whole requiring the function of social integration, whereas education is the structural component fulfilling the function. When cultural distance is large, the function of education for social integration decreases. The practical implication for enhancing social integration is relieving or bridging the distance. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 14, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Hu Jieyi, Cheung Chau Kiu, Xie Baojian Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The attitudes of mental health professionals on the employability of people with mental illness: A different view limiting employment rehabilitation
ConclusionThis research indicates the importance of improving the professionals ’ attitudes to support people attempting to return to work. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 14, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Andrea Lettieri, Felipe Soto ‐Pérez, Emiliano Díez, Mara Bernate‐Navarro, Manuel Franco‐Martín Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Influencing factors of stroke occurrence and recurrence in hypertensive patients: A prospective follow ‐up studies
ConclusionsFor people with high blood pressure, it is necessary to exercise properly, control body weight, avoid obesity, quit smoking, reduce alcohol consumption, and reasonably control blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipid. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - September 13, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuelong Jin, Minmin Jiang, Na Pan, Yan Chen, Weiwei Chang, Lijun Zhu, Zhengmei Fang, Shizao Fei, Zixuan Zhou, Siyun Zhou, Lianping He, Yingshui Yao Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research