Global –local consistency benefits memory‐guided tracking of a moving target
AbstractIntroductionPrevious findings have demonstrated that several Gestalt principles do facilitate VSTM performance in change detection tasks. However, few studies have investigated the role of and time-course of global –local consistency in motion perception.MethodsParticipants were required to track a moving target surrounded by three different backgrounds: blank, inconsistent, or consistent. Global –local objects were be bound to move together (covariation). During the PMT, participants had to follow the moving target with their eyes and react as fast as possible when the target had just vanished behind t...
Source: Brain and Behavior - December 3, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Tingting Chen, Jinhong Ding, Guang H. Yue, Haoqiang Liu, Jie Li, Changhao Jiang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of platelet ‐rich plasma on the memory impairment, apoptosis, and hippocampal synaptic plasticity in a rat model of hepatic encephalopathy
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that PRP improves cognitive performance and synaptic plasticity in BDL rats via direct neuroprotective property and/or indirectly by improvement of hepatic dysfunction. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - December 2, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Mahnaz Bayat, Azadeh Khalili, Gholamreza Bayat, Somayeh Akbari, Amirhossein Yousefi Nejad, Afshin Borhani Haghighi, Masoud Haghani Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Loss of “insight” into behavioral changes in ALS: Differences across cognitive profiles
ConclusionsOur findings provide solid support for the notion that ALS patients without dementia experience behavioral decline regardless of their cognitive-behavioral profile and retain different levels of insight into this decline. The inverse association of premorbid verbal intelligence with insight was unexpected, leaving room for further investigation. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - December 2, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Anna G. M. Temp, Elisabeth Kasper, Stefan Vielhaber, Judith Machts, Andreas Hermann, Stefan Teipel, Johannes Prudlo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Literacy and stigma of suicide in Bangladesh: Scales validation and status assessment among university students
ConclusionsThis study revealed the level of literacy and stigma and culturally tested the psychometric properties of the LOSS-B and SOSS-B among university students in Bangladesh. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - December 1, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: S. M. Yasir Arafat, Fahad Hussain, Md. Faruk Hossain, Md. Aminul Islam, Vikas Menon Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Responses to balance challenges in persons with panic disorder: A pilot study of computerized static and dynamic balance measurements
In this study we used computerized static and, for the first time, dynamic balance measurements. Our balance assessments results show that PD patients subjectively feel unstable while they are mechanically more stable than controls. IntroductionSeveral studies have shown an association between panic disorder (PD) and reduced balance abilities, mainly based on functional balance scales.This pilot study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of studying balance abilities of persons with PD (PwPD) using computerized static and, for the first time, dynamic balance measurements in order to characterize balance control strategies e...
Source: Brain and Behavior - December 1, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Revital Amiaz, Shani Kimel Naor, Asaf Caspi, Efrat Czerniak, Shlomo Noy, Tatiana Pelc, Matti Mintz, Meir Plotnik Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Validation of a modified Chinese version of Mini ‐Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination for detecting mild cognitive impairment
ConclusionIn the Chinese-speaking population, C-MACE derived from ACE-III-CV may identify MCI with a good classification accuracy, especially in aged people with low education. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Feng ‐Feng Pan, Liang Cui, Qing‐Jie Li, Qi‐Hao Guo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Genetic effects on educational attainment in Hungary
DiscussionOur results provide evidence that polygenic scores for educational attainment have predictive value in culturally diverse European populations. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: P éter P. Ujma, Nóra Eszlári, András Millinghoffer, Bence Bruncsics, Dóra Török, Péter Petschner, Péter Antal, Bill Deakin, Gerome Breen, György Bagdy, Gabriella Juhász Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

24 ‐hour ambulatory blood pressure alterations in patients with Parkinson's disease
This study was to evaluate the characteristics of blood pressure (BP) alterations in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients by 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. Reverse dipping was more common in PD patients in this study, especially in advanced PD patients. Clinicians should be alert to reverse dipping in PD patients and intervene to prevent serious clinical events. AbstractObjectsAbnormal blood pressure (BP) regulation is a feature of autonomic dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. The present study was to analyze the BP alterations by 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring in PD patients with different disease stages and sub...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Liwei Shen, Xiaoli Yang, Wenmei Lu, Weijie Chen, Xiaofei Ye, Danhong Wu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Waiting longer, feeling fatter: Effects of response delay on tactile distance estimation and confidence in females with anorexia nervosa
ConclusionsThese results suggest that non-perceptual influences cause participants with AN to increase their estimates of tactile distances and become less certain of these estimates. We speculate that previous findings —where participants with AN estimate tactile distances as larger than HC—may be due to non-perceptual differences. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Manja M. Engel, Stephen Gadsby, Andrew W. Corcoran, Anouk Keizer, H. Chris Dijkerman, Jakob Hohwy Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Disordered eating concerns, behaviors, and severity in young adults clustered by anxiety and depression
This study examined links among disordered eating concerns, behaviors, and severity clustered by depression and anxiety.MethodsCollege students (n = 1792) completed a survey comprised of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) assessing Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and Eating Disorder Exam Questionnaire (EDE-Q) assessing concerns and behaviors indicative of disordered eating.ResultsCluster analysis yielded four groups: not depressed or anxious to subclinical, moderate, and high depression and anxiety. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated overall eating disorder seve...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Kaitlyn M. Eck, Carol Byrd ‐Bredbenner Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Frontal interhemispheric structural connectivity, attention, and executive function in children with perinatal stroke
Perinatal stroke affects ∼1 in 1000 births and concomitant cognitive impairments such as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and executive dysfunction can be disabling. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate whether stroke-related differences in frontal white matter (WM) relate to cognitive impa irments. WM metrics correlated with parental ratings of ADHD and executive function suggesting that underlying microstructure of frontal white matter quantified via tractography may provide a relevant biomarker associated with cognition and behavior in children with perinatal stroke. AbstractPerinatal...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Nicole Larsen, Brandon T. Craig, Alicia J. Hilderley, Shane Virani, Kara Murias, Brian L. Brooks, Adam Kirton, Helen L. Carlson Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The Persian version of the centrality of event scale (CES): Assessment of validity and reliability among Iranian university students
AbstractBackgroundEvent centrality, the extent to which an experience is perceived as a central event in one's life, has been found to be a strong correlate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The centrality of event scale (CES) is commonly used in different conditions and cultures to measure trauma-related effects. However, the psychometric properties of this scale have not been investigated in the Iranian context.MethodsThe present study examined the psychometric properties of the Persian translation of the 7-item CES in a sample of 525 university students with a history of a romantic breakup.ResultsConfirmatory fac...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Zahra Azadfar, Zohreh Khosravi, Azam Farah Bijari, Abbas Abdollahi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Structural and functional brain alterations associated with cancer ‐associated cognitive decline in gastric cancer patients: A preliminary longitudinal neuroimaging study
ConclusionTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first longitudinal neuroimaging study on CACD in gastric cancer patients. Based on the results of our preliminary study, we suggest that the neuropathological processes and clinical presentation of CACD in gastric cancer patients is similar to those of patients associated with age-related neurodegenerative disorders. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 26, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Jaeun Ahn, DeokJong Lee, Young ‐Chul Jung, Kyung Ran Kim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

    
(Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 25, 2021 Category: Neurology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Relationship among self ‐injury, experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, anxiety, and depression in Chinese adolescent patients with nonsuicidal self‐injury
AbstractObjectiveTo explore relationship among self-injury behavior, experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, anxiety, and depression in Chinese adolescent patients with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI).MethodsCognitive fusion questionnaire (CFQ), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire —2nd edition (AAQ-II), adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury behavior questionnaire (ANSAQ), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used as research tools to investigate 120 subjects with NSSI and 130 healthy controls.ResultsThe scores of CFQ and AAQ-II in the NSSI group were significantly higher than those i...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 24, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhizhong Hu, Huijuan Yu, Jingzhi Zou, Yanyan Zhang, Zihang Lu, Maorong Hu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Differential effects of alcohol ‐drinking patterns on the structure and function of the brain and cognitive performance in young adult drinkers: A pilot study
ConclusionDespite the small sample size, this study provides new evidence supporting the need for young people to abstain from alcohol to protect their brains. These findings present strong reasoning for updating anti-alcohol slogans and guidelines for young people in the future. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 23, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Xiaobing Guo, Tongjun Yan, Min Chen, Xiaoyan Ma, Ranli Li, Bo Li, Anqu Yang, Yuhui Chen, Tao Fang, Haiping Yu, Hongjun Tian, Guangdong Chen, Chuanjun Zhuo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Neurogenesis in the rat neonate's hippocampus with maternal short ‐term REM sleep deprivation restores by royal jelly treatment
This study aimed to study the possible effect of RJ on neurogenesis of the rat hippocampus neonates following exposure of mother to REM-SD during pregnancy.MethodsThirty neonate rats from 15 pregnant Wistar rats were used. To induce REM-SD, the flowerpot method was used. The pregnant rats were divided into five groups (n = 3): group 1, no treatment; group 2, REM-SD; groups 3, 4, and 5, REM-SD +RJ. The former group received 72 h REM-SD during pregnancy (days 7, 14, 21), and the latter group received REM-SD + RJ (three trial groups). At week 4, the rat neonates of all groups were sacrificed (n = 6 ea...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Atena Khodaverdiloo, Mona Farhadi, Melikasadat Jameie, Seyed behnamedin Jameie, Vahid Pirhajati Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Emotional processing of sadness and disgust evoked by disaster scenes
ConclusionsDisgust disaster scenarios induced long-term prominent LPP, which may correspond with the long-term negative impacts of the disaster. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Xin Wang, Jingna Jin, Wenbo Liu, Zhipeng Liu, Tao Yin Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Borderline personality disorder traits in adolescents with anorexia nervosa
AbstractObjectiveTo examine the correlation between eating disorder (ED) symptoms and borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits in a sample of adolescents with eating disorders.MethodThere were 168 participants (Mage = 16.0 years;SD  =  1.16) with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (AN) or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified—AN type. Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) and the Borderline Personality Questionnaire (BPQ) were used to assess ED symptoms and BPD traits.ResultsA total of 10 participants (6.6%) scored above the clinical cut-off for a likely diagnosis of BPD. A positive correlation was...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Edna Lekgabe, Danielle Pogos, Susan M. Sawyer, Andrew Court, Elizabeth K. Hughes Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Human urinary kallidinogenase combined with edaravone in treating acute ischemic stroke patients: A meta ‐analysis
Our results provided further evidence that HUK combined with Eda provides potential clinical benefits as a treatment for AIS. AbstractIntroductionSeveral studies have investigated the efficacy of human urinary kallidinogenase (HUK) combined with edaravone (Eda) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Our aim was to provide the best available evidence for clinical practice and further research programs for stroke treatment.MethodsWe searched the online database for paper published between January 2015 and April 2021. We calculated weighted mean difference (WMD) or odds risk (OR) and their corresponding 95% confidence inter...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Di ‐Xiao Yang, Yao Li, Dan Yu, Bi Guan, Qian Ming, Yan Li, Li‐Qing Chen Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Behavioral control and changes in brain activity of honeybee during flapping
ConclusionsOur study presented a range of relatively optimal electrical parameters to initiate honeybee flight behavior. Meanwhile, the regularity of flapping duration and flapping frequency under electrical stimulations with different parameters were given. The feasibility of controlling a honeybee's flight behavior by brain electrical stimulation was verified through the flapping and steering initiation experiment of honeybees under semi-constrained state. PSD fluctuations reflected changes in brain activity during flapping and that those fluctuation characteristics at the specific frequency band could be sensitive deter...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Haojia Ding, Jieliang Zhao, Shaoze Yan Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Identification of risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients with hip fractures by a risk stratification index model: A retrospective study
This study investigated the incidence of postoperative delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery, and to identify risk factors for such, as part of developing a risk stratification index (RSI) system to predict a patient's risk of postoperative delirium. AbstractIntroductionPostoperative delirium is one of the most common and dangerous psychiatric complications after hip surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of postoperative delirium in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and to identify risk factors for such, as part of developing a risk stratification index (RSI) system to ...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 22, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Ye Wang, Lin Zhao, Changsheng Zhang, Qi An, Qianqian Guo, Jie Geng, Zhenggang Guo, Zhengpeng Guan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessing the presence of oligoclonal IgM bands as a prognostic biomarker of cognitive decline in the early stages of multiple sclerosis
ConclusionThere are no remarkable cognitive differences between LS-OCMB – and LS-OCMB+ patients in the early stages of MS. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 19, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Cl àudia Coll‐Martinez, Ester Quintana, Judit Salavedra‐Pont, Maria Buxó, Marina González‐del‐Rio, Immaculada Gómez, María Muñoz‐San Martín, Luisa María Villar, Gary Álvarez‐Bravo, René Robles‐Cedeño, Lluís Ramió‐Tor Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Migraine headache in Sudan
AbstractBackgroundMigraine is a main form of headache, it is also a chronic and complex neuroinflammatory disease; it is characterized by recurrent severe headaches, usually affecting one side of the head, and often accompanied by nausea and blurred vision. In susceptible individuals, irritants can trigger migraine attacks, which can be considered as triggers or accelerators.ObjectiveTo describe the precipitating factors, clinical presentation, and treatment of migraine headache in Sudanese patients.MethodsThis is a descriptive hospital-based prospective study covering 130 patients during the study period from January 2016...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Etedal Ahmed A. Ibrahim, Ghada A. Mutaal Badri, Khabab Abbasher Hussien Mohamed Ahmed, Mohammed Eltahier Abdalla Omer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Clinical epidemiological characteristics of nitrous oxide abusers: A single ‐center experience in a hospital in China
ConclusionsN2O abuse can lead to nervous system damage, especially peripheral nerve and spinal cord damage. A full understanding of its clinical epidemiological characteristics is helpful for clinicians to make a timely and clear diagnosis. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Yueyue Li, Jing Dong, Ran Xu, Fanfan Feng, Weihao Kan, Hongmei Ding, Xiaolong Wang, Yujie Chen, Xin Wang, Shiguang Zhu, Ruiguo Dong Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) among children of Chinese rural ‐to‐urban migrant workers
ConclusionThese findings support that the K10 is suitable for gender-comparative research among children of Chinese migrant workers. Using the K10 as a screening tool among this population should be promoted. Limitations and directions for future research were discussed. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Qiang Ren, Yong Li, Ding ‐Geng Chen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The implementation of Journeying through Dementia: Strategies to run a successful pragmatic multicenter trial of a complex intervention
ConclusionWe provide guidance for researchers involved in the trialing of other complex interventions in how these challenges might be overcome. These include: recruiting additional staff to deliver the intervention; having clear protocols in place for managing staff absences; using supervision to problem solve participant attendance at intervention sessions and difficult group dynamics; monitoring staff engagement in supervision and addressing problems with engagement with staff and managers when this occurs; giving staff ring-fenced time to deliver the intervention and engage in supervision; and regular monitoring and fe...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Katherine Berry, Jessica Wright, Kirsty Sprange, Cindy Cooper, Rebecca Courtney ‐Walker, Gail Mountain Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Evaluation of headache associated with personal protective equipment during COVID ‐19
ConclusionHeadache due to PPE is common and can decrease the efficiency of hospital staff performance. Hence, it is necessary to consider this issue among health center personnel and provide modalities to reduce the risk of headache. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Elham Jafari, Mansoureh Togha, Hossein Kazemizadeh, Samaneh Haghighi, Somayeh Nasergivehchi, Mohammad Saatchi, Shadi Ariyanfar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Hair cortisol, social support, personality traits, and clinical course: differences in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
ConclusionFindings support that schizophrenia and bipolar disoder have a significant overlap in both clinical characteristics and enviromental risk factors. Aberrant HCC contributes to the complexity of clinical characteristics mainly in schizophrenia. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Fuzhong Yang, Xiangfei Hong, Jing Tao, Yupeng Chen, Yanbo Zhang, Hua Xiao Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Discriminating mild traumatic brain injury using sparse dictionary learning of functional network dynamics
In this study, we tested whether the alteration of functional network dynamics could be used as potential biomarkers to better diagnose mTBI. We propose a sparse dictionary learning framework to delineate spontaneous fluctuation of functional connectivity into the subject-specific time-varying evolution of a set of overlapping group-level sparse connectivity components (SCCs) based on the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 31 mTBI patients in the early acute phase  (
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Liangwei Fan, Huaze Xu, Jianpo Su, Jian Qin, Kai Gao, Min Ou, Song Peng, Hui Shen, Na Li Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Analysis of risk factors for mental health problems of inpatients with chronic liver disease and nursing strategies: A single center descriptive study
This study analyzed 320 patients with CLD who were hospitalized between January 2018 and January 2020. Questionnaire surveys were used to assess mental health status, including the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90). At the same time, basic data and potential related factors were collected. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Among the 320 patients with CLD, 240 (75%) had mental health problems; among the total patients, education levels, occupations, course of disease, annual hospitalizations, complications, and nursin...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhu Qin, Yannan Shen, Yuanhao Wu, Haicheng Tang, Lin Zhang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Nitrous oxide ‐related neurological disorders: Clinical, laboratory, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological findings
We develop a research to explore any correlation between clinical severity and biomarkers and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities, identify independent factors associated with spinal-MRI abnormalities, and ascertain factors affecting depression/anxiety in patients with N2O-related neurological disorders. AbstractBackgroundRecreational N2O abuse is an important etiology of neurological impairment in young patients, which may easily be ignored clinically. Few current studies have investigated the characteristics or the effects experienced by its users. We aimed to explore any correlation between the clinica...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Jiwei Jiang, Xiuli Shang, Xiaoting Wang, Hanze Chen, Wenyi Li, Yanli Wang, Jun Xu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of the anticholinergic burden on duration and severity of delirium in older hip ‐surgery patients with and without haloperidol prophylaxis: A post hoc analysis
ConclusionsThe ACB was not significantly associated with delirium duration or severity. Haloperidol prophylaxis tended to shorten delirium duration and decrease delirium severity in patients with no or a low ACB. To further explore the influence of anticholinergic acting drugs on delirium duration and severity and the effect of concomitant haloperidol use, additional research with a higher haloperidol dose, a larger study population, and ACB quantification taking drug exposure into account is warranted. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Monique P. H. Tillemans, Madelon H. Butterhoff ‐Terlingen, Rutger Stuffken, Ralph Vreeswijk, Toine C. G. Egberts, Kees J. Kalisvaart Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Polyneuropathy monitoring in Parkinson's disease patients treated with levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel
ConclusionsRates of polyneuropathy in Finnish PD patients with LCIG treatment are comparable to previous studies. Patients ’ weight should be included in regular follow up monitoring and can be used for patient self-monitoring. Vitamin B substitution appears to reduce coupling between levodopa dose and homocysteine and may be useful to prevent polyneuropathy related to LCIG. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: K. Amande M. Pauls, Jussi Toppila, Maija Koivu, Johanna Eerola ‐Rautio, Marianne Udd, Eero Pekkonen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Search for schizophrenia and bipolar biotypes using functional network properties
ConclusionThese data support the existence of a subgroup within psychosis with altered global properties of functional and structural connectivity. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: In és Fernández‐Linsenbarth, Álvaro Planchuelo‐Gómez, Rosa M. Beño‐Ruiz‐de‐la‐Sierra, Alvaro Díez, Antonio Arjona, Adela Pérez, Alberto Rodríguez‐Lorenzana, Pilar del Valle, Rodrigo Luis‐García, Guido Masciliano, Pedro H Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

E2F transcription factor 1 elevates cyclin D1 expression by suppressing transcription of microRNA ‐107 to augment progression of glioma
ConclusionThis study suggested that E2F1 reduces miR-107 transcription to induce CCND1 upregulation, which leads to progression of glioma via Wnt/ β-catenin signaling activation. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Huan Xie, Shigang Lv, Zhaozhen Wang, Xinzhang Yuan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Neural response to aggressive and positive interactions in violent offenders and nonviolent individuals
ConclusionsOur results support findings on the differential role of PAG subdivisions in response to threat and point to altered processing of positive social interactions in violent offenders. They further support the notion that changes in PAG recruitment might contribute to violent individuals “taking action” instead of freezing in case of threatening situations. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Svenja Taubner, Sophie Hauschild, David Wisniewski, Silke Wolter, Gerhard Roth, Thorsten Fehr Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Relationship between PPAR ‐γ gene polymorphisms and ischemic stroke risk: A meta‐analysis
ConclusionIn conclusion, our study showed that PPAR- γ rs1801282 C/G polymorphism probably plays an important role in IS occurrence. The result should be verified with more studies in the future. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Fan Cheng, Xiao ‐Min Si, Gong‐Li Yang, Lan Zhou Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Population attributable fractions of clinical and social risk factors for suicide in Bangladesh: Finding from a case –control psychological autopsy study
ConclusionsThe study determined the population attributable fraction of risk factors for suicide in Bangladesh. Prevention strategies should be prioritized on the management of the aftermaths of adverse life events, treatment of psychiatric disorders, sexual abuse, and social isolation in the country. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 10, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: S. M. Yasir Arafat, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan, Duleeka Knipe, Murad M. Khan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Examining the influence of brain stimulation to the medial prefrontal cortex on the self ‐reference effect in memory
In this investigation we examined the extent transcranial direct current (tDCS) applied to the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) affects memory for information processed in reference to the self. We found strong evidence that self-referential processing improved memory (relative to a control condition), but further showed that tDCS did not have strong effects on memory. Results advance understanding of the extent tDCS affects memory. AbstractPast work shows that processing information in relation to the self improves memory which is known as the self-reference effect in memory. Other work suggests that transcranial d...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 5, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Camill Burden, Ryan C. Leach, Allison M. Sklenar, Pauline Urban Levy, Andrea N. Frankenstein, Eric D. Leshikar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

More autosomal dominant SPG18 cases than recessive? The first AD ‐SPG18 pedigree in Chinese and literature review
ConclusionsWe reported the first autosomal dominant SPG18 pedigree in Chinese Han population, which added more pathogenic evidence for V168M mutation. As more SPG18 cases reported, the essentials of SPG18 need to be updated in clinical practice. Special attentions should be given in gene test for upper motor neuron disorders in case of missing heterozygous mutations inERLIN2. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 4, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Shuai Chen, Jin ‐Long Zou, Shuang He, Wei Li, Jie‐Wen Zhang, Shu‐Jian Li Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Noninvasive evaluation of intracranial pressure in patients with traumatic brain injury by transcranial Doppler ultrasound
The graphical interface shows scatter plots and linear regression between ICP and ONSD in patients with traumatic brain injury during the first week after surgery. Pearson's correlation indicated highly significant positive strong correlations between them (r = 0.679). AbstractIntroductionThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between pulsatility index (PI) or optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and the ability of ONSD and ICP to predict intracranial hypertension.MethodsA total of 68 patients with TBI were included in this ...
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 2, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Tao Chang, Xigang Yan, Chao Zhao, Yufu Zhang, Bao Wang, Li Gao Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Latium region, Italy
ConclusionsThe estimate of prevalence rates observed in this study is probably in line with the values reported in the literature for prospective prevalence studies. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 1, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Maria Puopolo, Ilaria Bacigalupo, Paola Piscopo, Eleonora Lacorte, Alessandra Di Pucchio, Marialaura Santarelli, Maurizio Inghilleri, Antonio Petrucci, Mario Sabatelli, the Latium Registry Group, Nicola Vanacore Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Featured Cover
The cover image is based on the Review ArticleBiopsychological correlates of repetitive and restricted behaviors in autism spectrum disorders by Alma Yadira Galvez Contreras et al.,https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.2341. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Tags: FEATURED COVER Source Type: research

    
(Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Melatonin attenuates morphine ‐induced conditioned place preference in Wistar rats
ConclusionThese findings provide novel evidence for the role of the melatonergic system as a potential target in modulating morphine-seeking behavior. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Fahad S. Alshehri, Badrah S. Alghamdi, Alqassem Y. Hakami, Abdullah A. Alshehri, Yusuf S. Althobaiti Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in brain parenchyma due to mild traumatic brain injury during the first year after injury
AbstractChronic gray matter (GM) atrophy is a known consequence of moderate and severe traumatic brain injuries but has not been consistently shown in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal effect of uncomplicated mTBI on the brain's GM and white matter (WM) from 6 weeks to 12 months after injury. Voxel-based-morphometry (VBM) was computed with the T1-weighted images of 48 uncomplicated mTBI patients and 37 orthopedic controls. Over the period from 6 weeks to 12 months, only patients who experienced uncomplicated mTBI, but not control participants, showed significant G...
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Angela M. Muller, William J. Panenka, Rael T. Lange, Grant L. Iverson, Jeffrey R. Brubacher, Naznin Virji ‐Babul Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The strength of corticomotoneuronal drive underlies ALS split phenotypes and reflects early upper motor neuron dysfunction
ConclusionsWe propose that muscles involved in split phenotypes are those functionally involved in the human motor repertoire used particularly in complex activities. Their anterior horn cells receive the strongest corticomotoneuronal input. This is also true of the weakest muscles that are the earliest to be affected in ALS. Descriptions of split hand in non-ALS cases and proposals that peripheral nerve or muscle dysfunction may be causative are contentious. Only a few carefully controlled cases of each form of split phenotype, using upper motor neuron directed methodologies, are necessary to prove our postulate. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Andrew Eisen, Peter Bede Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Lie to my face: An electromyography approach to the study of deceptive behavior
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate the feasibility of using wearable electrode arrays in detecting human lies in a social setting and set the stage for future research on individual differences in deception expression. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 24, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Anastasia Shuster, Lilah Inzelberg, Ori Ossmy, Liz Izakson, Yael Hanein, Dino J. Levy Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Anti ‐PrP monoclonal antibody as a novel treatment for neurogenesis in mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
ConclusionsOur findings confirmed that 6D11 has a therapeutic effect in APP/PS1 transgenic AD mouse model and A β-induced AD cell model, and the effect exerted via increase of neurogenesis and cell differentiation by transduction of Aβ peptide signal. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - October 21, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Ruolin Li, Ming Ren, Yingxin Yu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research