Bile acid-retention by native and modified oat and barley β-glucan

Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Elena Marasca, Samy Boulos, Laura NyströmAbstractFoods rich in cereal β-glucan are efficient dietary tools to help reduce serum cholesterol levels and hence the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, β-glucan undergoes various reactions during food processing, which alter its viscous properties and interactions with components of the gastrointestinal tract. It has been proposed in the literature that oxidation and partial hydrolysis increase β-glucan’s bile acid-binding activity, and therefore its effectiveness in lowering cholesterol. Here, the passage kinetics of a bile salt mix across a dialysis membrane was studied with or without oat and barley β-glucan extracts, native or modified (partial hydrolysis and oxidations by sodium periodate or TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl)). Bile acid-retention turned out to be purely a function of viscosity, with the most viscous native extracts exhibiting the strongest retardation of bile acid permeation. Opposite of what was suggested in the literature, oxidation and molecular weight reduction do not seem to increase the bile acid-binding capability of β-glucan.
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

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