IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 155: Important Considerations for the Treatment of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Heart Failure from a Diabetologist ’s Perspective: Lessons Learned from Cardiovascular Outcome Trials

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 155: Important Considerations for the Treatment of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Heart Failure from a Diabetologist’s Perspective: Lessons Learned from Cardiovascular Outcome Trials International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010155 Authors: Chrysi Koliaki Nicholas Katsilambros Heart failure (HF) represents an important cardiovascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, and is emphasized in recent cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) as a critical outcome for patients with T2DM. Treatment of T2DM in patients with HF can be challenging, considering that these patients are usually elderly, frail and have extensive comorbidities, most importantly chronic kidney disease. The complexity of medical regimens, the high risk clinical characteristics of patients and the potential of HF therapies to interfere with glucose metabolism, and conversely the emerging potential of some antidiabetic agents to modulate HF outcomes, are only some of the challenges that need to be addressed in the framework of a team-based personalized approach. The presence of established HF or the high risk of developing HF in the future has influenced recent guideline recommendations and can guide therapeutic decision making. Metformin remains first-line treatment for overweight T2DM patients at moderate cardiovascular risk. Although not contraindicated, metfo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThere is consensus that metformin should be the first-line pharmacological therapy for type 2 diabetes. Although new evidence on effective treatments for type 2 diabetes is rapidly evolving, there is uncertainty regarding the optimal choice of second-line therapy. Our aim was to review the current major guidelines for second-line therapy in type 2 diabetes, along with findings from the recent cardiovascular outcome trials, focusing on two particularly promising classes of glucose-lowering drugs, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP1 RA...
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study observed an inverse correlation between plasma LDL cholesterol and heart function in individuals with T2DM. Patients with higher levels of plasma LDL cholesterol had worse left ventricular function. Therefore, plasma LDL cholesterol may be a modifiable risk factor of heart failure in diabetes, but prospective studies are necessary to confirm this finding. Introduction Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disease that affects a considerable number of patients worldwide (1). Among diabetic individuals, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality (2). C...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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