Dietary flavonoids: Nano delivery and nanoparticles for cancer therapy

In conclusion, although human studies are needed, NPs obtained from food-derived flavonoids have promising anticancer effects in vivo.
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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In this study, a marked decrease in the incidence of lung cancer (a 67% relative risk reduction) was observed in a high-risk population. Although a number of preclinical studies have demonstrated that canakinumab inhibits interleukin-1β and reduces inflammation, the question remains whether these actions positively affect both cancer incidence and recurrence. This review will summarize the role of inflammation in cancer propagation and development, discuss the biological rationale for targeting interleukin-1β in lung cancer, advocate for further investigation of the anti-inflammatory antibody canakinumab as a new...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Chun-Nan Kuo, Yu-Ming Liao, Li-Na Kuo, Hui-Ju Tsai, Wei-Chiao Chang, Yun YenCancer is the leading cause of death in Taiwan, and the overall incidence rate has gradually increased. The four most common cancers in Taiwan are colorectal, lung, breast and liver cancers. With the rise in incidence, the clinical use and costs of all anticancer drugs have steadily increased. The costs of novel therapeutics, such as targeted therapies and immunotherapy were accounted almost two-third of all antineoplastic agents in Tai...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Collectively, TSGA10 functional expression alters under the hyper-/hypo-glycemia and hypoxia, which indicates its importance as a candidate bio-target for the cancer therapy. PMID: 31508330 [PubMed]
Source: BioImpacts - Category: Research Tags: Bioimpacts Source Type: research
In conclusion, exposure to luminal neratinib resulted in a pronounced elevation in fluid secretion in the rat intestine. Increasing luminal calcium inhibits the neratinib‐associated fluid secretion in a dose‐dependent manner. These results suggest that CaSR activation may be a potent therapeutic target to reduce chemotherapy‐associated diarrhea.
Source: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionH5B14-based ADCs targeting the RON PSI domain are superior in inducing RON internalization, leading to robust drug delivery and overall inhibition and eradication of tumors in multiple xenograft models. These findings warrant H5B14-based ADCs for clinical trials in the future.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Joseph Hardie, Javier A. Mas-Rosario, Siyoung Ha, Erik M. Rizzo, Michelle E. FarkasAbstractImmunotherapy has become a promising new approach for cancer treatment due to the immune system’s ability to remove tumors in a safe and specific manner. Many tumors express anti-inflammatory factors that deactivate the local immune response or recruit peripheral macrophages into pro-tumor roles. Because of this, effective and specific ways of activating macrophages into anti-tumor phenotypes is highly desirable for immunotherapy purp...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 September 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Saketh S. Dinavahi, Christopher G. Bazewicz, Raghavendra Gowda, Gavin P. RobertsonAldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are highly expressed in the chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-resistant cell subpopulations of many different cancer types. Accordingly, the development of ALDH inhibitors may be the most direct approach to target these cell populations. However, inhibiting multiple ALDH family members can be toxic and isoform-specific inhibition is often ineffective. This review discusses the role of ALDH in cancer and therapy ...
Source: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 119Author(s): Zewen Song, Zhaomei Yu, Limin Chen, Zhijiao Zhou, Qiong Zou, Yang LiuAbstractMicro-RNAs regulate multiple biological behaviors of cancers, making them potential targets of new cancer therapies. MiR-1181 has been demonstrated to perform oncogenic or tumor-suppressing function in a tissue-dependent way, but its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was unclear. Here, we showed that miR-1181 was significantly overexpressed in HCC tissues when compared with tumor-adjacent normal ones or normal liver tissues from donated organ, and th...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 September 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Taylor M. Parker, Vanessa Henriques, Antonio Beltran, Harikrishna Nakshatri, Rajan GognaAbstractCancers exhibit a remarkable degree of intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH), which results from complex cellular interactions amongst various cell types. This phenomenon provides an opportunity for clonal selection and growth advantages to aggressive cancer cell types, resulting in worse prognosis and challenges to anti-cancer therapy. Cell competition is a conserved mechanism operational in cellular and organ systems, which allows neighb...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the data suggest that halting pro-survival autophagy by targeting PIK3C3 with MPT0L145 significantly sensitizes cancer cells to targeted or chemotherapeutic agents, fostering rational combination strategies for cancer therapy in the future.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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