A Literature Overview of Virtual Reality (VR) in Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders: Recent Advances and Limitations

In this paper, we conduct a literature survey about various virtual reality (VR) treatments in psychiatry. We collect 36 studies that made use of VR to provide clinical trials or therapies for patients with psychiatric disorders. In order to gain a better understanding of the management of pain and stress, we first investigate VR applications for patients to alleviate pain and stress during immersive activities in a virtual environment. Particularly for anxiety, VR exposure therapies are effective in provoking realistic reactions to feared stimuli. On top of that, the exposure therapies with simulated images are beneficial for patients with psychiatric disorders such as phobia and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Moreover, VR environments have shown possibility to change depression, cognition, even social functions. We review the empirical evidences from VR-based treatments on psychiatric illnesses such as dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), schizophrenia and autism. Through cognitive training and social skill training, VR therapies for rehabilitation help to improve their quality of life. Recent advances in VR technology also demonstrate potential abilities to address cognitive and functional impairments in dementia. In terms of the different types of VR systems, we discuss feasibility of the technology within different stages of dementia as well as the methodological limitations. Although there is much room to improve, its widespread adoption in psychiatry is st...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the results of the ISCHEMIA trial are in good accordance with those of the MR-INFORM trial recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine, as the noninvasive management of a large proportion of patients with CAD was shown to be noninferior to current invasive strategies. Recent outcome data from trials may therefore have an impact on future guidelines to further reduce the execution of unnecessary left heart catheterizations. PMID: 32458013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Authors: Hallgren RC, Rowan JJ Abstract Context: Osteopathic physicians often target the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPm) and rectus capitis posterior major (RCPM) muscles when using muscle energy or soft tissue cervical techniques to treat patients with head and neck pain. The RCPm and RCPM muscles are located deep within the posterior occipitoatlantal and atlantoaxial interspaces, respectively. Objective: To characterize the functional role of RCPm and RCPM muscles by comparing electromyographic (EMG) activation patterns of these muscles with EMG activation patterns of specific flexor and extensor muscle...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Ponna V, Talsma J, Pierce-Talsma S PMID: 32451545 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Snyder LL, Knox SC, Smutny CJ Abstract Hip pain in adults is a common complaint. Secondary processes can often mask underlying conditions, prolonging the course to diagnosis and definitive treatment. In this case, a 74-year-old man presented to an outpatient clinic after 6 weeks of right hip pain that began upon initiation of a rehabilitation program following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Various imaging and treatment modalities (including radiography, osteopathic manipulative treatment, injection of the greater trochanteric bursa, L2-3 paravertebral block, magnetic resonance imaging, and intra-ar...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: TA is as acceptable and safe as cryotherapy in screen and treat setting. TA has the logistic advantages for the low-resourced settings as the machines are more portable, do not require costly refrigerant gas and battery-driven models are available. The cure rates for CIN 1+ lesions in our study were comparable between cryotherapy and TA. PMID: 32458647 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Conclusions: Syndrome of the trephined occurs more frequently than previously described in posttraumatic patients with large cranial vault defects. Cranial vault reconstruction leads to significant, quantifiable functional improvement in a large number of patients. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Luciana Aikawa, Alexandre Massao Yoshizumi, Mirian Matsura Shirassu, Marcia Kiyomi Koike
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsLess than half of the total number of patients maintained a medium level of overall HRQoL after diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, and nearly 60% continued to have lower overall HRQoL even after the treatment was complete. Older participants with more severe economic burden and higher depression experienced lower and more persistent overall HRQoL; thus, these patients should be monitored and provided supportive care as a part of survivorship care.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeComplementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common amongst cancer patients. However, there is growing concern about its safety and efficacy. Online crowdfunding campaigns represent a unique avenue to understand the cancer patient ’s perspective for using CAM or declining conventional cancer therapy (CCT).MethodsFive hundred GoFundMe campaigns from 2012 to 2019 detailing financial need for cancer treatment were randomly selected and reviewed for endorsement of CAM use, reasons for using CAM, and reasons for declining CCT. Descriptive statistics were used to compare patient and campaign character...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThe purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether photobiomodulation (PBM) might be effective for chemotherapy-induced palmo-plantar erythrodyesthesia (PPED), as it is for mucositis or radio dermatitis; no standard therapy exists for PPED. Patients were allocated to PBM or sham irradiation and were blindly assessed after 2 weeks. Pain and satisfaction with treatment were also evaluated. We found a significant benefit from PBM in comparison with sham treatment (p
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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