Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1142: Advances in Molecular Mechanisms of Wheat Allergenicity in Animal Models: A Comprehensive Review
Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1142: Advances in Molecular Mechanisms of Wheat Allergenicity in Animal Models: A Comprehensive Review Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24061142 Authors: Yining Jin Harini G. Acharya Devansh Acharya Rick Jorgensen Haoran Gao James Secord Perry K. W. Ng Venugopal Gangur The prevalence of wheat allergy has reached significant levels in many countries. Therefore, wheat is a major global food safety and public health issue. Animal models serve as critical tools to advance the understanding of the mechanisms of wheat allergenicity to develop preventive and control methods. A comprehensive review on the molecular mechanisms of wheat allergenicity using animal models is unavailable at present. There were two major objectives of this study: To identify the lessons that animal models have taught us regarding the molecular mechanisms of wheat allergenicity and to identify the strengths, challenges, and future prospects of animal models in basic and applied wheat allergy research. Using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases, we retrieved and critically analyzed the relevant articles and excluded celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Our analysis shows that animal models can provide insight into the IgE epitope structure of wheat allergens, effects of detergents and other chemicals on wheat allergenicity, and the role of genetics, microbiome, and food processing in wheat allergy. Although animal models have inherent limitations...
Conclusions The long-term risks of autoimmune disorders are significantly higher in patients with allergic diseases. Allergic diseases and autoimmune disorders show age- and sex-related clustering patterns.
Authors: Coppell KJ, Stamm RA, Sharp KP Abstract AIM: Coeliac disease (CD) is an increasingly common immune-mediated disorder. Treatment is a life-long gluten-free diet. The aim of this study was to describe the presenting symptoms, delays in diagnosis and difficulties associated with managing CD in children. METHOD: The New Zealand Coeliac Health Survey was undertaken in collaboration with Coeliac New Zealand Incorporated, whose membership was the study population. The questionnaire enquired about presenting and ongoing symptoms, and challenges associated with treatment. Children aged
Celiac disease doesn't discriminate, according to specialists, who acknowledge that people of all sizes can be diagnosed.Medscape Medical News
BD is a 32-year-old man with a history of Crohn ’s disease, EGID, and celiac disease who presented to our clinic for eosinophilia. This case illustrates that TNF-α therapy can contribute to eosinophilia and the development of EGID in Crohn's disease.
Authors: Toda M Abstract Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the most important food crops in the world, and the effect of its consumption on human health is of great concern. Evidence has accumulated that rice contains several components, such as γ-oryzanol and rice bran fibers, which modulate the immune system. In addition, rice has other immunologically beneficial characteristics. It has a low allergenic potential and is gluten-free, reducing the risk of development of food allergies and diseases related to gluten sensitivity such as coeliac disease. This review presents the recent advances in our understanding ...
Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) are a group of immune-mediated diseases with several clinical manifestations triggered by gluten ingestion (1). The three main forms of GRDs are celiac disease (CD), wheat allergy (WA) and non-celiac gluten-sensitivity (NCGS) [1,2]. GRDs often present extraintestinal symptoms. Neurological manifestations have been reported in 10 to 22% of patients with coeliac disease (CD) and include gluten ataxia, polyneuropathy, myopathy, epilepsy, leukoencephalopathy, and headache .
Recent epidemiological studies suggest that non-IgE-mediated childhood food allergic disorders such as eosinophilic esophagitis (EOE), celiac disease and allergic gastroenteritis (AG), may be increasing in parallel with previously observed increases in childhood IgE-mediated food allergy (FA) and food-induced anaphylaxis (FIA)1-4. The term AG encompasses food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), eosinophilic enteritis and colitis, food protein induced enteropathy, food hypersensitivity enteritis and colitis, but not EOE.
Conclusions: Our study confirms that CD and PWAG share comorbidities of autoimmune nature. PWAG had more autoimmune/allergy-related disorders that may be associated with non-celiac gluten sensitivity a self-justifiable reason to be on the diet.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with a wide range of comorbidities, particularly allergies, but its association with nonatopic autoimmune disease is less well defined. Recent genome-wide association studies have reported shared genetic loci between AD and autoimmune diseases. In the UK, most patients with these conditions are managed in primary care, meaning general practice (GP) databases provide a rich data source for studying AD. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to examine the association between AD and the following autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis [RA], ulcerative colitis [UC], Crohn ’s ...
Conclusions: To date, this negative association has not been described. Further studies will be necessary to elucidate the implication of this protection factor in CD. Since, until now the association between CD and allergic diseases has been poorly studied. PMID: 31361165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]