Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease: Insights and Challenges for Considering Food Groups and Nutrient Sources

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe relationship between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease has been the subject of much research, but an important methodological consideration is the interdependence between the nutrient composition of foods and the recognition of healthy dietary patterns. This review considers some of the challenges in researching dietary patterns with implications for translation to public health promotions.Recent FindingsA number of statistical methods have emerged for analysing dietary patterns using population dietary data. There are limitations in the assumptions underpinning food categorisation, but this research is able to consistently identify foods and dietary patterns that are positively related to health. Aligned to this activity is the ongoing development of food composition databases which has its own limitations such as keeping up to date with changing foods and newly identified components, sampling of foods, and developments in chemical analytical methods. Finally, dietary patterns form the basis for current dietary guidelines and related public health –oriented programs, but the issues raised for research (e.g. food categorisation and cuisine influences on dietary patterns) can also translate to these settings.SummaryThe study of dietary patterns in cardiovascular disease prevention presents with a number of methodological challenges relating to the way food groups are formed and the limitations of food composition databases. Added to...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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In this study, we compared the effects of EFT and PMR in patients with Hwabyung.Design40 patients were enrolled and randomized to receive 4 weeks of group sessions with either EFT (n = 20) or PMR (n = 20). Evaluations were conducted pre- and post-treatment and at 4-week and 24-week follow-ups after session end.Main Outcome MeasuresThe Hwabyung Scale, Visual Analogue Scale of Hwabyung Symptoms (VAS-HS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) were administered as self-report tools. The analysis excluded 8 patients who never attended tr...
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)Author(s): Antonio Gippini, Alberto Prado
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 August 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): H.S. Natraj Setty, Nagaraja Moorthy, Jagadeesh Venkatappa, Rangarajan Ramalingam, Shivanand Patil, T.R. Raghu, C.N. ManjunathAbstractA dual left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery is a rare, and benign congenital anomaly. In this anomaly, there is the presence of two LADs in the anterior inter ventricular sulcus (AIVS). One of the LADs is a short one that ends high in the AIVS. The other longer one enters the distal AIVS and feeds the apex. To date, 9 types of dual LAD variants, and one novel type X has been reported. Here...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Sébastien Marx, Thomas Dal Maso, Jia-Wei Chen, Marina Bury, Johan Wouters, Carine Michiels, Benjamin Le CalvéAbstractThe majority of cancer-associated deaths are related to secondary tumor formation. This multistep process involves the migration of cancer cells to anatomically distant organs. Metastasis formation relies on cancer cell dissemination and survival in the circulatory system, as well as adaptation to the new tissue notably through genetic and/or epigenetic alterations. A large number of proteins are clear...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Ahmad Khurshid, Ju Lee Eun, Shaikh Sibhghatulla, Kumar Anuj, Madhusudana Rao Kummara, Park So-Yong, O Jin Jun, Soo Han Sung, Choi InhoAbstractIntegrins are the main cell surface receptors and execute multifaceted functions such as the bidirectional transmission of signals (i.e., inside-out and outside-in) and provide communication between cells and their microenvironments. Integrins are the key regulators of critical biological functions and contribute significantly to the promotion of cancer at almost every stage of disease progr...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Crescenzo D’Alterio, Stefania Scala, Gabriella Sozzi, Luca Roz, Giulia BertoliniAbstractSeveral lines of compelling pre-clinical evidence identify chemotherapy as a potentially double-edged sword: therapeutic efficacy on the primary tumor may in fact be counterbalanced by the induction of tumor/host reactive responses supportive for survival and dissemination of cancer cell subpopulations. This paradoxical effect of chemotherapy can affect different districts such as the primary tumor, the circulation and distant organs by s...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, although human studies are needed, NPs obtained from food-derived flavonoids have promising anticancer effects in vivo.
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia, Volume 19, Issue 9Author(s):
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia, Volume 19, Issue 9Author(s):
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 114Author(s): Jun Chen, Shengjun Lu, Xiufang Weng, Zhihui Liang, Xiongwen WuAbstractHLA-A2 is the most common serological HLA type among all ethnic groups. Through advances in DNA typing, more than 800 subtypes of HLA-A2 have been identified, and the existence of heterogeneity of antigen specificity among the HLA-A2 subtypes has been suggested by retrospective analyses of allogeneic transplantation patients and by studies of antigen amino acid structure. However, prior to this study, the antigenicity of a given subtype or the mismatch extent between two giv...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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