Few women with history of breast cancer and ovarian cancer take a recommended genetic test

UCLA HealthDr. Christopher ChildersOf the nearly 4 million women in the United States who have had either breast cancer or ovarian cancer, at least 1.5 million have a high risk of carrying certain types of genetic mutations that could increase their risk for additional cancers in the future.And although the mutations, including those that affect the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, can be identified through a simple blood or saliva test, more than 80 percent of those women have not taken the test or even discussed it with a health care provider, according to a new study from the  UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.The study is published online August 18 in the peer-reviewed Journal of Clinical Oncology.“Many of these women have inherited genetic changes that put them and their family members at risk for future cancers,” said Dr. Christopher Childers, a resident physician in the department of surgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the study’s lead author. “Identifying a mutation is often important for surgical decision-making and cancer therapy, but its importance extends further than that. If individuals are aware that they have these mutations, they can take steps to lower their future cancer risk.”Childers said people who know they have the mutations would be advised to undergo more frequent and specialized screening (such as breast MRI), consider preventive medications, undergo risk-reducing surgery or mak...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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Conclusions: There are significant geographic and clinic variations in support for fertility preservation. Clinics overall are able to expeditiously see patients to avoid delays in oncologic treatment. Clinics that provide additional support and long-term care tend to have a larger oncologic volume and have more patients who utilize their fertility treatment upon completion of cancer therapy.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Health policy Source Type: research
Abstract HER2 is a member of epidermal factor receptor (EGFR) family which is overexpressed in breast cancer, ovarian cancer and gastric cancer. Development of new binders for cancer cell surface receptors and expressing them at the surface of exosomes would be a great approach in targeted cancer therapy. We found a high affinity scFv against HER2 using ribosome display with the approach of applying it as a targeting moiety at the surface of exosomes by fusion to lysosomal associated membrane protein 2B (LAMP2B). We also provide some structural information about the ribosome display selected scFv (scFv HFS2) throu...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
Abstract Sorcin (Soluble resistance related calcium binding protein) is a small soluble penta EF family (PEF) of calcium (Ca2+) binding protein (22,000 Da). It has been reported to play crucial roles in the regulation of calcium homeostasis, apoptosis, vesicle trafficking, cancer development, and multidrug resistance (MDR). Overexpression of sorcin has been reported to be associated with different cancers such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, leukemia, lung cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, ovarian cancer, etc. Essentially, expression of sorcin has been found to be elevated in cancer cells as comp...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer and thus an attractive target for novel cancer therapy. Several compounds that can reactive mutant p53 protein have been identified. APR-246 is currently being tested in a phase II clinical trial in high-grade serous ovarian cancer. We have used RNA-seq analysis to study the effects of APR-246 on gene expression in human breast cancer cell lines. Although the effect of APR-246 on gene expression was largely cell line dependent, six genes were upregulated across all three cell lines studied, i.e., TRIM16, SLC7A11, TXNRD1, SRXN1, LOC344887, and SLC7A1...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract BMI-1 (B-lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1) is a key protein partner in polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) that helps in maintaining the integrity of the complex. It is also a key player in ubiquitination of histone H2A which affects gene expression pattern involved in various cellular processes such as cell proliferation, growth, DNA repair, apoptosis and senescence. In many cancers, Overexpression of BMI1correlates with advanced stages of disease, aggressive clinicopathological behavior, poor prognosis resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. BMI1 is emerging as a key player in EMT, chemo-resistance...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 September 2018 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 90 Author(s): Annalisa Aluigi, Marco Ballestri, Andrea Guerrini, Giovanna Sotgiu, Claudia Ferroni, Franco Corticelli, Marzia Bruna Gariboldi, Elena Monti, Greta Varchi Doxorubicin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of several neoplastic conditions, such as leukemia, neuroblastoma, soft tissue and bone sarcomas, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and others. However, its clinical application is limited by cardiotoxicity, such as cardiomyopathy, that once developed carries a poor prognosis and is frequently ...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Abstract Protein kinases are promising therapeutic targets for cancer therapy. Here, we applied multiple approaches to optimize the potency and selectivity of our reported alloxazine scaffold. Flexible moieties at position 2 of the hetero-tricyclic system were incorporated to fit into the ATP binding site and extend to the adjacent allosteric site and selectively inhibit protein kinases. This design led to potential selective inhibition of ABL1, CDK1/Cyclin A1, FAK, and SRC kinase by 30-59%. Cytotoxicity was improved by ∼50 times for the optimized lead (10b; IC50 = 40 nM) against breast cancer (MCF-7) ce...
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Chem Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
Osteopontin (OPN), a multifunctional protein, has emerged as a potentially valuable biomarker for diagnosing and treating cancers. Recent research focuses on its involvement in tumor biology including the cell proliferation, survival, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. Understanding the molecular mechanisms and pharmacological effects of OPN in cancer development could lead to new targets for improving cancer diagnosis and treatment.This review explains how the structurally conserved domains of OPN are associated with OPN signaling mediators and CD44, and how the conserved OPN domains determine biological functions. T...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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