Patient inaccessibility to antifungal drugs in developing nations: The case of Pakistan

The life threatening fungal infections are rising worldwide and becoming a challenging public health concern. Around 1.5 to 2 million people die each year globally due to fungal infections and Pakistan is not an exception.1 Fungal infections are common in Pakistan but are often under-diagnosed and under-reported. The population is at high risk due to high prevalence of fungal-infection-susceptible diseases such as cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, chronic respiratory disorders, and asthma2. It has been estimated that around 3 million people in Pakistan are affected by fungal infections such as chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, mucormycosis, candidaemia, cryptococcal meningitis, pneumocystis pneumonia, oral candidiasis, and allergic fungal sinusitis.
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Zhou S, Wei J, Wang Y, Liu X Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Despite clinical advances, the survival rate of patients with HCC remains low, as most patients are diagnosed with HCC when they are already at the advanced stage. Certain circular RNAs (circRNAs) are closely associated with the development of liver cancer. In the present study, a circRNA array was performed to screen differentially expressed circRNAs in HCC tissues. The further analysis focused on the newly identified circRNA_101237, the host gene of which, cyclin-dependent kin...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Bacteria in some tumors may hinder cancer treatments. (read more)
Source: Environmental Factor - NIEHS Newsletter - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Case Study Source Type: research
This study evaluated a novel composite measure of health literacy and numeracy by assessing its predictive validity for diabetes self-care activities and glycemic control. Methods: Patients (N = 102) with type 2 diabetes were recruited from a family medicine clinic at an academic medical center. Combined health literacy was assessed by combining the results of the Health Literacy Scale and the Subjective Numeracy Scale. Self-management activities were assessed by the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities scale. Hemoglobin A1c (A1c) values were extracted from patients' medical records to assess glycemic control. Path ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research
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Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This report provides an in-depth look at public drug program spending in Canada, using the Canadian Institute for Health Information's (CIHI) National Prescription Drug Utilization Information System. Public drug program spending does not include spending on drugs dispensed in hospitals or on those funded through cancer agencies and other special programs. Public drug program spending increased by 6.8% in 2018, compared to an increase of 5.3% in 2017. The growth in 2018 was largely because of the introduction of Ontario Health Insurance Plan+ (OHIP+), which extended drug coverage to all Ontario residents age 24 years or y...
Source: Healthcare Quarterly - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: Healthcare Quarterly - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Dean Connolly, Xan Hughes, Alison Berner
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsWeight loss after EGJR is sustained up to 5  years after revision with little effect on medical comorbidities. Patients with a greater reduction in stoma diameter experienced superior weight loss.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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