Perspectives on adding folic acid to flour to prevent spinal bifida | Letters
Dr JK Anand, Chris Pageand Pam Lunnreflect on the UK government ’s decisionOf course the planned fortification of flour with folic acid will help – where the cause of spina bifida is nutritional deficiency of folic acid (All UK flour to be given folic acid additive, 15 October). However, it can not conceivably prevent the defect where it is due to genetic factors – two defective genes from two parents coming together.In some parts of the world consanguineous marriages are commoner than in others. An academic paper in the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition (Vol 32, No 2, June 2014) by Nazish Jabee...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Letters Tags: Health Pregnancy Disability Society Food Parents and parenting Family & wellbeing Life and style Children Genetics Science Source Type: news

The influence of sleep quality, safety culture and cabin ergonomics on work-related stress and burnout of bus drivers in Lahore (2386) - Batool Z, Yasir A.
Background Health and working environment of a professional bus driver is comprised in low income countries such as Pakistan which leads to work-related stress and burnout along with excessive involvement in Road Traffic Crashes. Urban bus drivers in Laho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Safety practices in informal industrial segment of Pakistan - Ahmed I, Usman A, Nazir MS, Shaukat MZ.
This research endeavor is aimed at investigating the current status of health and safety (HS) practices in informal organizations. Data was collected from 35 small manufacturing firms and 156 construction sites, operating in small towns, using systematic o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

A traditional herbal medicine may help alleviate arthritis symptoms
(Natural News) A plant from the barberry family which is commonly used in traditional herbal medicine may help alleviate some symptoms of arthritis, according to a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the University of Sargodha in Pakistan who looked at the... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A New Composite Index to Measure National-Level Quality of Family Planning Programs
CONCLUSIONSThe NQCI and its three components use data routinely collected through national surveys, and can be used to measure and monitor national-level quality of family planning programs. (Source: The Guttmacher Institute)
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Guttmacher Source Type: news

Pakistani man covered in hundreds of bubble-like tumours
Ameer Ali, from Sehwan Sharif in Pakistan's Sindh province, has had small tumours on his abdomen and back since his childhood. Doctors believe he has a severe case of neurofibromatosis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pakistani man, 32, covered in hundreds of bubble-like tumours
Ameer Ali, from Sehwan Sharif in Pakistan's Sindh province, has had small tumours on his abdomen and back since his childhood. Doctors believe he has a severe case of neurofibromatosis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gendered immobility: influence of social roles and local context on mobility decisions in Pakistan - Adeel M, Yeh AGO.
This paper examines the instances of one-day immobility in Pakistan and reports its socio-demographic determinants using the nationally representative dataset of the 2007 Pakistan Time Use Survey. Of 37,830 time diary respondents, nearly 30% did not report... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Psychological autopsy review on mental health crises and suicide among youth in Pakistan - Abdullah M, Khalily MT, Ahmad I, Hallahan B.
In this study, we wanted to investigate methods utilized and the psych... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Violence and economic empowerment of women in Pakistan: an empirical investigation - Khalid J, Choudhry MT.
This article empirically investigates whether women's access to economic resources acts as a risk factor or protective factor for spousal (emotional and physical) violence against them, particularly in the case of Pakistan. Using data from Pakistan Demogra... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

A member of the forget-me-not flower family found to prevent neurodegenerative disorders
(Natural News) Researchers from Pakistan have found that Nonea micrantha, a plant native to northern Africa and the Iberian Penninsula, contains bioactive compounds that can potentially be used to treat neurodegenerative diseases. The team arrived at this finding by studying the plant’s ability to inhibit the breakdown of acetylcholine — a chemical messenger in the brain linked to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What you eat can prevent, manage, or treat cancer and diabetes
(Natural News) Researchers from Northwestern Polytechnical University in China and the University of Agriculture Faisalabad in Pakistan discovered that a diet’s composition affects the gut microbiota. In particular, certain diets can modulate it, which, in turn, can lead to either beneficial or adverse outcomes in a person’s health. The findings of the study, which was published in Food Science and... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pakistan official: Gunmen kill policeman guarding polio team
Pakistani official: Gunmen kill policeman assigned to protect polio workers in country's northwest (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

End Tuberculosis by Empowering Community Health Workers
Credit: Nichole Sobecki / The Global FundBy David BrydenWASHINGTON DC, Sep 24 2018 (IPS)“I’m alive because of support from my family and the community health worker who brought medicine directly to my house, accompanied me during treatment and gave me hope. Without care and human support, there’s no way I could be here today,” says Melquiades Huauya, a survivor of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) from Peru. From his harrowing experience with tuberculosis (TB), Huauya now knows a lot about how to stop it, the world’s biggest infectious disease killer. The disease, which claims about 4...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David Bryden Tags: Editors' Choice Featured Global Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Association of adverse childhood experiences with functional identity and impulsivity among adults: a cross-sectional study - Haaris Sheikh M, Naveed S, Waqas A, Tahir Jaura I.
Introduction: The present study explores the association of adverse childhood experiences with impulsivity and functional identity among Pakistani adults. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 260 Pakistani medical students aged 18 and abov... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

STOP eating poison: Chicken eggs exposed to pesticides found to make you SICK
(Natural News) Toxic pesticides don’t just contaminate the fruits and vegetables that you eat: Their residues also affect farm animals such as chickens, as well as the eggs produced by the animals. A Pakistani study discovered two particular pesticides in chicken eggs, the concentrations of which were high enough to pose health risks to humans who consume... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

An analysis of highway work zone safety practices in Pakistan (Erratum) -
Article title: An analysis of highway work zone safety practices in Pakistan Authors: Hasnain Muhammad Rashid, Anwaar Ahmed, Behram Wali and Nadeem Anwer Qureshi Journal: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion DOI: 10.1080... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A member of the mint family, the bugleweed is a powerful medicinal herb you should be stocking up on
(Natural News) Bugleweed (Ajuga bracteosa), a plant widely distributed in northern India and Pakistan, has long been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various diseases. In a study released in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, a team of researchers looked at the plant’s medicinal properties. The group, composed of scientists from The University of Poonch, Capital University of Science... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hailed by Ayurvedic healers as a powerful medicine, bael is now proven to protect diabetics from other health complications
(Natural News) Ayurvedic medicine has long considered bael (Aegle marmelos) to be a marvelous source of many medicinal products. Recently, Pakistani researchers reported that an extract from its fruit could also inhibit the production of harmful substances that can cause additional health complications in diabetes patients. These substances are called advanced glycation end products (AGEs). They are... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pesticide residues found in eggs contribute to worsened health in humans
(Natural News) A Pakistani study evaluated chicken eggs for residual signs of pesticides used in other parts of the farm. It reported coming across significant levels of the toxic chemicals in the eggs, more than enough to pose serious health risks for humans who consumed the contaminated products. Punjab University supported the study. Its findings were... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Direct costs of polio rehabilitation high in Pakistan
(Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News)
Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - September 1, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Prevalence of emotional and physical intimate partner violence among married women in Pakistan - Iqbal M, Fatmi Z.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of women across the world, and Pakistan is no exception. However, there is wide variance in reported frequencies worldwide and even within the same population. No standardized representative national and sub... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Why the Indian olive is one of the best superfoods of all
(Natural News) The olive tree (Olea ferruginea Royle) is one of the most important fruit trees in the world. It has been known for treating infectious diseases. Researchers at University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan provided scientific evidence of the beneficial properties of the olive plant. For the study, the researchers looked at... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Participatory action research: working beyond disaster toward prevention - Raza H.
Drawing on qualitative analyses of post-disaster effects on vulnerable rural communities in Pakistan, this paper puts forward a participatory action research stance as a next step or approach toward prevention. This approach stands in contrast to the curre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

The association of dissociative symptoms with exposure to trauma - Ullah S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I, Hallahan B.
BACKGROUND: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of North-West Pakistan has endured increased levels of violence in recent years. The psychological sequelae of such trauma including the presence of dissociative symptoms has been minimally investigated to date. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Terrorist attacks: a public health issue - Lindert J, Bilsen J, McKee M.
Terrorism is a public health issue.1 It impacts health directly and indirectly, with an estimated 25 500 deaths worldwide in 2016.2 Of those attacks, half, and 60% of all fatalities, occurred in just three countries, Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. By c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Two-year-old boy battling rare cancer risks blindness as painful mass grows over his eye
Muhammad Junaid, from a small village in Mirpur Khas, Pakistan, suffers from Retinoblastoma - a type of carcinoma that usually affects children under the age of five. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Determinants of flood risk mitigation strategies at household level: a case of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province, Pakistan - Shah AA, Ye J, Abid M, Ullah R.
Pakistan is one of the most adversely affected countries by climate-related extreme events such as floods owing to its geographical and climatic conditions. Over the last two decades, frequency and severity of flood events have been increased and has adver... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Flood hazards: household vulnerability and resilience in disaster-prone districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan - Shah AA, Ye J, Abid M, Khan J, Amir SM.
Pakistan is alarmingly exposed and vulnerable to flood disasters as a result of rapid urbanization that has not taken into account the threats posed by climate change. The devastating impacts of floods and other natural disasters put extra pressure on the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Watering the plant in another's courtyard: an ethnographic exploration of daughters' devaluation through sex-selected abortions among the rural married females in South Punjab, Pakistan - Sattar T, Ahmad S, Zakar R, Maqsood F.
The current study sets forth the cultural underpinnings for daughters' devaluation over son preferences in South Punjab, Pakistan. The major purpose of the present study was to provide an accurate description of women's attitude on different aspects of sex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Pakistan's new vaccination drive, 'final push' against polio
Health official: Pakistan launches week-long anti-polio campaign to vaccinate millions of children under 5 years of age (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - August 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Caravans and containers: children on the move, immobilized - Esmaili BE.
On the Greek island of Leros, newly arriving families from Syria, Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and beyond are routinely received at the landing dock and escorted into barbed wire –lined refugee camps. Many ask if they are being taken to prison. Insi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Automatic transmission: ethnicity, racialization and the car - Alam Y.
This article is based on ethnographic research carried out in Bradford, an ethnically diverse city situated in the north of England. The sample of over 60 participants mostly comprises males of British Pakistani Muslim heritage but varies in terms other ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Insights into selected features of Pakistan's most wanted terrorists - Saeed L, Syed SH.
This article attempts to provide insights into selected features of Pakistan's most wanted terrorists using a dataset of 895 high-profile terrorists provided by the Counter Terrorism Wings of the Criminal Investigation Departments of regional police office... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Gender inequality in mobility and mode choice in Pakistan - Adeel M, Yeh AGO, Zhang F.
Using the nationally representative dataset of the 2007 Pakistan Time-Use Survey, this paper examines gender differences in daily trip rate, mode choice, travel duration, and purpose of travel, which are previously unreported because of limited data availa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Substance abuse in Punjab on the India-Pakistan border : reflections from anthropology - Patnaik SM, Sehra L.
In spite of India's strict prohibition rules on the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, very few steps have been taken in terms of drug control laws in accordance with the laid out policies. Examining the myopic development scenario in conte... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Post traumatic stress disorder among school children of Army Public School Peshawar after six month of terrorists attack - Khan A, Ullah O, Nawaz K, Arsalan, Ambreen, Ahmad I.
BACKGROUND& OBJECTIVES: Terrorist attack in Army Public School Peshawar, Pakistan left behind more than hundred children dead. It was the highest death toll of children in the world in a single terrorists attack. The attack dominated national and internat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effect of Organophasphate poisoning among patients reporting at a tertiary healthcare facility of Sindh Pakistan - Shaikh S, Khaskheli MS, Meraj M, Raza H.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of organophosphate poisoning (OPP) among patients at tertiary healthcare, Pakistan. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted over a six-year period (January 2011 to December 2016) of OPP patients admitted to the i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Bad career choice?
By Rukhsana ShahJul 23 2018 (Dawn, Pakistan)As with so many other professions, nursing remains a neglected line of work, despite its practitioners being responsible for the treatment, safety and quick recovery of patients, as well as post-op management and specialised interventions. Doctors need them because no doctor can care for each patient. Rukhsana ShahAccording to the latest Economic Survey, there are 208,007 doctors and 103,777 nurses in the country. This reflects a ratio of one doctor to less than 0.5 nurses, while the recommended ratio is 1:4. This should not be surprising as 90 per cent of nurses here are females...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rukhsana Shah Tags: Health Source Type: news

Influences of extended family on intimate partner violence: perceptions of Pakistanis in Pakistan and the United Kingdom - Ali PA, O'Cathain A, Croot E.
This study uniquely explores the perspective of Pakistani men and women about the role of a husband and wife's families in relation to marital c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

Post-traumatic stress disorder and resilience among adult burn patients in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study - Bibi A, Kalim S, Khalid MA.
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder  (PTSD) is one of the major psychological disorders developed after burn injuries, though this subject of burn injuries and their destructive chronic psychological impact are not considered as thoughtfully in deve... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Is attitudinal acceptance of violence a risk factor? An analysis of domestic violence against women in Pakistan - Amir-Ud-Din R, Fatima S, Aziz S.
Violence against women (VAW) is a grave problem in Pakistan, and women from all socioeconomic groups are vulnerable to domestic violence in varying degrees. It is argued that patriarchal definition of gender roles may reinforce the internalized inferiority... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Can knowledge of Islam explain lack of support for terrorism? Evidence from Pakistan - Fair CC, Goldstein JS, Hamza A.
In this research note we employ the work of Wiktorowicz who suggests that persons who are knowledgeable of Islam may be more capable of critically evaluating the claims of militant recruiters and ideologues and thus be more resistant to their appeals than ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

'Frightening typhoid fever outbreak spreads in Pakistan
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - July 19, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Cohen, J. Tags: Asia/Pacific News, Epidemiology, Medicine, Diseases In Depth Source Type: news

A popular East Asian herb could hold the key to preventing and treating diabetes
(Natural News) Winged prickly ash (Zanthoxylum armatum), a well-known medicinal herb in East Asia, can be used to prevent and treat diabetes, according to a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The study, conducted by a group of researchers at COMSATS University and The Islamia University of Bahawalpur in Pakistan, assessed... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Studying the anticancer potential of the common plum
(Natural News) A Pakistani study has evaluated the common plum with regards to its potential analgesic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and urease-inhibiting properties. It determined that infusing the edible gum with stabilized gold and silver nanoparticles allowed it to target many different diseases, tissues, and cell types at the same time. The study was conducted by researchers... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Paediatric spinal cord injuries in Pakistan - Rathore FA.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Reduce nerve pain with the waterhyssop medicinal herb (bacopa)
(Natural News) A Pakistani study investigated the ability of the waterhyssop (Bacopa monnieri) to reduce nerve pain. Their results suggest that an extract from the nootropic medicinal herb can help mitigate the symptoms of neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain stems from the nervous system. Two of its major symptoms are hyperalgesia, where the sensitivity to pain... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Terrorism in Pakistan: the psychosocial context and why it matters - Nizami AT, Hassan TM, Yasir S, Rana MH, Minhas FA.
Terrorism is often construed as a well-thought-out, extreme form of violence to perceived injustices. The after effects of terrorism are usually reported without understanding the underlying psychological and social determinants of the terrorist act. Since... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Two immigrant children with vitamin D poisoning - Mohammad LG.
The Danish National Board of Health recommends vitamin D supplement for children under two years, regardless of race or nutrition source. Danish studies have found, that 50-80% of children of Palestinian and Pakistani origin of the ages 0-16 years had vita... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news