Top 12 Global Health Moments of 2018
By The Editorial Team, IntraHealth InternationalDecember 14, 2018A month-by-month guide to the moments that captivated us most throughout the year.As 2018 comes to an end, we ’re looking back on the moments this year that filled us with joy, wonder, sorrow, and fear.These are some of the ones we won ’t forget:January: A mother and daughter assassinated in Pakistan for delivering polio vaccinesThis was the year we were supposed to eradicate polio, according to thePolio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013 –2018. But there were27 new cases of wild poliovirus this year and it remains endemic in Afgh...
Source: IntraHealth International - December 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Tags: Capacity Building for Fistula Treatment and Prevention in Mali (Fistula Mali) Family Planning & Reproductive Health Infectious Diseases Ebola obstetric fistula technology Policy Advocacy Health Workforce Systems Primary Health Care Source Type: news

Global Differences in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Reporting
Conclusion Large disparities exist surrounding OHCA patients among three different high-income countries. In addition to this, there are significant gaps in capturing, reporting, sharing and analyzing OHCA data across regional and national borders. Uniformity of reporting standards continue to hinder the epidemiological evidence base for OHCA. Much about OHCA epidemiology is still unknown in many regions of the world, including countries with regional OHCA surveillance in place. These findings present considerable challenges not only nationally, but globally for evaluating the global burden of out-of-hospital cardiac arres...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - December 6, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Michael Schulz, MS, NRP Tags: Exclusive Articles Cardiac & Resuscitation Source Type: news

Quantifying the contribution of recessive coding variation to developmental disorders
We estimated the genome-wide contribution of recessive coding variation in 6040 families from the Deciphering Developmental Disorders study. The proportion of cases attributable to recessive coding variants was 3.6% in patients of European ancestry, compared with 50% explained by de novo coding mutations. It was higher (31%) in patients with Pakistani ancestry, owing to elevated autozygosity. Half of this recessive burden is attributable to known genes. We identified two genes not previously associated with recessive developmental disorders, KDM5B and EIF3F, and functionally validated them with mouse and cellular models. O...
Source: ScienceNOW - December 6, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Martin, H. C., Jones, W. D., McIntyre, R., Sanchez-Andrade, G., Sanderson, M., Stephenson, J. D., Jones, C. P., Handsaker, J., Gallone, G., Bruntraeger, M., McRae, J. F., Prigmore, E., Short, P., Niemi, M., Kaplanis, J., Radford, E. J., Akawi, N., Balasub Tags: Genetics, Medicine, Diseases reports Source Type: news

Family threaten to kill daughter for having a baby
'Naveed' is a Pakistani Muslim girl living in the UK. She told the BBC about her experience of abuse. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - December 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Expanding the nutritional compendium: Researchers look at this unknown Chinese herb for its potential anticancer properties
(Natural News) For the longest time, Rhus punjabensis was already used in traditional Chinese medicine practices. However, no previous studies have been done to determine why it can be used for such purposes. A group of researchers from Quaid-i-Azam University in Pakistan was the first to show that R. punjabensis contains different bioactive compounds that contribute... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Powdered polio vaccine brings hope to Nigeria and Pakistan
New method of freeze-drying IPV maintains its potency in hot conditionsA polio vaccine that can be stored as a dried powder at room temperature could offer a new way to help eradicate the disease, according to researchers.While existing vaccines have led to polio being eliminated in many countries around the world, including the UK, the highly contagious virus still circulates in the populations of countries includingNigeria andPakistan, where it can cause paralysis or even death.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 27, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Nicola Davis Tags: Polio Science Health Society Vaccines and immunisation World news Nigeria Pakistan Africa South and Central Asia Source Type: news

Teachers as agents of peace? Exploring teacher agency in social cohesion in Pakistan - Halai A, Durrani N.
This paper studies an under-researched area - teachers' role in peacebuilding in conflict-affected contexts - through exploring teacher agency for social cohesion in Pakistan. Insights are sought into teachers' perspectives on the major drivers of conflict... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Child abuse in Pakistan: a qualitative study of knowledge, attitudes and practice amongst health professionals - Maul KM, Naeem R, Rahim Khan U, Mian AI, Yousafzai AK, Brown N.
Child abuse is a global problem and pervades all cultures and socio-economic strata. The effects can be profound and life altering for victims. There is substantial literature from high income countries about signs of abuse, but a dearth of data from low a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Factors affecting motorcyclists' injury severities: an empirical assessment using random parameters logit model with heterogeneity in means and variances - Waseem M, Ahmed A, Saeed TU.
Motorcycles constitute 61% of the total registered vehicles in Pakistan and there has been a 371% growth in motorcycles in the country from year 2005-2015. Motorcycle is an essential and popular mode of transportation in Pakistan, therefore, the present st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Coping mechanisms as predictors of suicidal ideation among the medical students of Pakistan - Akram B, Ahmad MA, Akram A.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the coping mechanisms as positive and negative predictors of suicidal ideation among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from January to October 2017, and comprised students aged 19-... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Pakistani baby is born with an abnormal bulge on top of her head
Anila Ali, from Dokri in the Sindh province of Pakistan, was born with an unusually large, soft head three months ago, which doctors diagnosed as a severe form of craniosynostosis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pakistan launches another vaccination drive against polio
Pakistan launches yet another vaccination drive against polio, targeting millions of children under 5 years of age (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Research helps Pakistani husbands adapt to UK life
New research has uncovered the distinctive challenges faced by some Pakistani men migrating to join their wives in the UK. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - November 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Institutes, Institutes, Bristol Migration and Mobility Institute, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies; Press Release Source Type: news

Black seed honey comparable to manuka in treating wound infections caused by MRSA
(Natural News) It’s time to look at the writings on the wall: The global problem with antibiotic resistance isn’t going away anytime soon, and should nothing be done about it, it will result in more than 10 million deaths each year by 2050, according to the World Health Organization. A study led by researchers from Saudi Arabia and Pakistan... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

IntraHealth Welcomes Dai Hozumi to Executive Team
November 01, 2018Dai Hozumi has joinedIntraHealth International ’s executive team as chief technical officer and leader of IntraHealth ’s Center for Technical Excellence.In this new role, Hozumi will provide visionary leadership to shape, guide, and implement IntraHealth's technical agenda. He will also focus on driving new business and ensuring the quality of our technical products and services as IntraHealth forges new paths within a rapidly evolving global health and development landscape.Hozumi has over 20 years of experience in strategy development and execution, including extensive experience managing com...
Source: IntraHealth International - November 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Source Type: news

The intersection of school corporal punishment and associated factors: baseline results from a randomized controlled trial in Pakistan - Khuwaja HMA, Karmaliani R, McFarlane J, Somani R, Gulzar S, Ali TS, Premani ZS, Chirwa ED, Jewkes R.
Violence against youth is a global issue; one form of youth victimization is school corporal punishment. We use baseline assessments from a cluster randomized controlled trial to examine the prevalence of school corporal punishment, by gender, and the rela... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Fake drugs: The global industry putting your life at risk
In late 2012, 60 people died in two cities in Pakistan after drinking cough syrup to get high. Tests in Pakistan revealed that the medicines seemed to contain the correct amount of active ingredient, but further tests revealed something that was not supposed to be there. Levomethorphan, a chemical five times stronger than morphine, was the contaminant that had caused the deaths. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - October 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Why is it so important to eradicate polio?
Dr Ahmad Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Since 1988, when the global goal was first agreed by the member countries of the World Health Organization, vast amounts of effort and money have been spent on the global mission to eradicate polio, to wipe the disease clean off this earth. So why is it so important for us to keep investing time and effort after so long? I am part of a team of people dedicated to eradicating polio in WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean Region. Working with national governments and our partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, we have gradually cleared po...
Source: WHO EMRO News - October 24, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

The leaves of the arrowleaf dock prove useful in treating liver fibrosis
(Natural News) Confronted by the threat of liver fibrosis, Pakistani researchers looked for antioxidant treatments that could amend part of the damage to the liver. They reported that the leaves of the arrowleaf dock (Rumex hastatus) contain compounds that could prevent the onset of the serious condition. Liver fibrosis ensues when the organs sustain damage from toxic... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Experts from Pakistan Society of Interventional Cardiology Visits MicroPort < sup > ® < /sup >
(Source: Microport News Release)
Source: Microport News Release - October 22, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Source Type: news

Nine-year-old is in agony after his belly swelled to THREE TIMES the size of a beach ball
Aneet Ur Rehman, of Karachi, Pakistan, suffers from Budd-Chiari syndrome, which blocks the veins that drain the liver. He has been told he will die unless he has an urgent liver transplant. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Perspectives on adding folic acid to flour to prevent spinal bifida | Letters
Dr JK Anand, Chris Pageand Pam Lunnreflect on the UK government ’s decisionOf course the planned fortification of flour with folic acid will help – where the cause of spina bifida is nutritional deficiency of folic acid (All UK flour to be given folic acid additive, 15 October). However, it can not conceivably prevent the defect where it is due to genetic factors – two defective genes from two parents coming together.In some parts of the world consanguineous marriages are commoner than in others. An academic paper in the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition (Vol 32, No 2, June 2014) by Nazish Jabee...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 15, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Letters Tags: Health Pregnancy Disability Society Food Parents and parenting Family & wellbeing Life and style Children Genetics Science Source Type: news

The influence of sleep quality, safety culture and cabin ergonomics on work-related stress and burnout of bus drivers in Lahore (2386) - Batool Z, Yasir A.
Background Health and working environment of a professional bus driver is comprised in low income countries such as Pakistan which leads to work-related stress and burnout along with excessive involvement in Road Traffic Crashes. Urban bus drivers in Laho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Safety practices in informal industrial segment of Pakistan - Ahmed I, Usman A, Nazir MS, Shaukat MZ.
This research endeavor is aimed at investigating the current status of health and safety (HS) practices in informal organizations. Data was collected from 35 small manufacturing firms and 156 construction sites, operating in small towns, using systematic o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

A traditional herbal medicine may help alleviate arthritis symptoms
(Natural News) A plant from the barberry family which is commonly used in traditional herbal medicine may help alleviate some symptoms of arthritis, according to a study published in the journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the University of Sargodha in Pakistan who looked at the... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A New Composite Index to Measure National-Level Quality of Family Planning Programs
CONCLUSIONSThe NQCI and its three components use data routinely collected through national surveys, and can be used to measure and monitor national-level quality of family planning programs. (Source: The Guttmacher Institute)
Source: The Guttmacher Institute - October 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Guttmacher Source Type: news

Pakistani man covered in hundreds of bubble-like tumours
Ameer Ali, from Sehwan Sharif in Pakistan's Sindh province, has had small tumours on his abdomen and back since his childhood. Doctors believe he has a severe case of neurofibromatosis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pakistani man, 32, covered in hundreds of bubble-like tumours
Ameer Ali, from Sehwan Sharif in Pakistan's Sindh province, has had small tumours on his abdomen and back since his childhood. Doctors believe he has a severe case of neurofibromatosis. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gendered immobility: influence of social roles and local context on mobility decisions in Pakistan - Adeel M, Yeh AGO.
This paper examines the instances of one-day immobility in Pakistan and reports its socio-demographic determinants using the nationally representative dataset of the 2007 Pakistan Time Use Survey. Of 37,830 time diary respondents, nearly 30% did not report... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Psychological autopsy review on mental health crises and suicide among youth in Pakistan - Abdullah M, Khalily MT, Ahmad I, Hallahan B.
In this study, we wanted to investigate methods utilized and the psych... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Violence and economic empowerment of women in Pakistan: an empirical investigation - Khalid J, Choudhry MT.
This article empirically investigates whether women's access to economic resources acts as a risk factor or protective factor for spousal (emotional and physical) violence against them, particularly in the case of Pakistan. Using data from Pakistan Demogra... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

A member of the forget-me-not flower family found to prevent neurodegenerative disorders
(Natural News) Researchers from Pakistan have found that Nonea micrantha, a plant native to northern Africa and the Iberian Penninsula, contains bioactive compounds that can potentially be used to treat neurodegenerative diseases. The team arrived at this finding by studying the plant’s ability to inhibit the breakdown of acetylcholine — a chemical messenger in the brain linked to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What you eat can prevent, manage, or treat cancer and diabetes
(Natural News) Researchers from Northwestern Polytechnical University in China and the University of Agriculture Faisalabad in Pakistan discovered that a diet’s composition affects the gut microbiota. In particular, certain diets can modulate it, which, in turn, can lead to either beneficial or adverse outcomes in a person’s health. The findings of the study, which was published in Food Science and... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pakistan official: Gunmen kill policeman guarding polio team
Pakistani official: Gunmen kill policeman assigned to protect polio workers in country's northwest (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

End Tuberculosis by Empowering Community Health Workers
Credit: Nichole Sobecki / The Global FundBy David BrydenWASHINGTON DC, Sep 24 2018 (IPS)“I’m alive because of support from my family and the community health worker who brought medicine directly to my house, accompanied me during treatment and gave me hope. Without care and human support, there’s no way I could be here today,” says Melquiades Huauya, a survivor of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) from Peru. From his harrowing experience with tuberculosis (TB), Huauya now knows a lot about how to stop it, the world’s biggest infectious disease killer. The disease, which claims about 4...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David Bryden Tags: Editors' Choice Featured Global Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Association of adverse childhood experiences with functional identity and impulsivity among adults: a cross-sectional study - Haaris Sheikh M, Naveed S, Waqas A, Tahir Jaura I.
Introduction: The present study explores the association of adverse childhood experiences with impulsivity and functional identity among Pakistani adults. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 260 Pakistani medical students aged 18 and abov... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

STOP eating poison: Chicken eggs exposed to pesticides found to make you SICK
(Natural News) Toxic pesticides don’t just contaminate the fruits and vegetables that you eat: Their residues also affect farm animals such as chickens, as well as the eggs produced by the animals. A Pakistani study discovered two particular pesticides in chicken eggs, the concentrations of which were high enough to pose health risks to humans who consume... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

An analysis of highway work zone safety practices in Pakistan (Erratum) -
Article title: An analysis of highway work zone safety practices in Pakistan Authors: Hasnain Muhammad Rashid, Anwaar Ahmed, Behram Wali and Nadeem Anwer Qureshi Journal: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion DOI: 10.1080... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

A member of the mint family, the bugleweed is a powerful medicinal herb you should be stocking up on
(Natural News) Bugleweed (Ajuga bracteosa), a plant widely distributed in northern India and Pakistan, has long been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various diseases. In a study released in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, a team of researchers looked at the plant’s medicinal properties. The group, composed of scientists from The University of Poonch, Capital University of Science... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hailed by Ayurvedic healers as a powerful medicine, bael is now proven to protect diabetics from other health complications
(Natural News) Ayurvedic medicine has long considered bael (Aegle marmelos) to be a marvelous source of many medicinal products. Recently, Pakistani researchers reported that an extract from its fruit could also inhibit the production of harmful substances that can cause additional health complications in diabetes patients. These substances are called advanced glycation end products (AGEs). They are... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pesticide residues found in eggs contribute to worsened health in humans
(Natural News) A Pakistani study evaluated chicken eggs for residual signs of pesticides used in other parts of the farm. It reported coming across significant levels of the toxic chemicals in the eggs, more than enough to pose serious health risks for humans who consumed the contaminated products. Punjab University supported the study. Its findings were... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Direct costs of polio rehabilitation high in Pakistan
(Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News)
Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - September 1, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Prevalence of emotional and physical intimate partner violence among married women in Pakistan - Iqbal M, Fatmi Z.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of women across the world, and Pakistan is no exception. However, there is wide variance in reported frequencies worldwide and even within the same population. No standardized representative national and sub... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Why the Indian olive is one of the best superfoods of all
(Natural News) The olive tree (Olea ferruginea Royle) is one of the most important fruit trees in the world. It has been known for treating infectious diseases. Researchers at University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan provided scientific evidence of the beneficial properties of the olive plant. For the study, the researchers looked at... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Participatory action research: working beyond disaster toward prevention - Raza H.
Drawing on qualitative analyses of post-disaster effects on vulnerable rural communities in Pakistan, this paper puts forward a participatory action research stance as a next step or approach toward prevention. This approach stands in contrast to the curre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

The association of dissociative symptoms with exposure to trauma - Ullah S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I, Hallahan B.
BACKGROUND: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of North-West Pakistan has endured increased levels of violence in recent years. The psychological sequelae of such trauma including the presence of dissociative symptoms has been minimally investigated to date. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Terrorist attacks: a public health issue - Lindert J, Bilsen J, McKee M.
Terrorism is a public health issue.1 It impacts health directly and indirectly, with an estimated 25 500 deaths worldwide in 2016.2 Of those attacks, half, and 60% of all fatalities, occurred in just three countries, Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. By c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Two-year-old boy battling rare cancer risks blindness as painful mass grows over his eye
Muhammad Junaid, from a small village in Mirpur Khas, Pakistan, suffers from Retinoblastoma - a type of carcinoma that usually affects children under the age of five. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Determinants of flood risk mitigation strategies at household level: a case of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province, Pakistan - Shah AA, Ye J, Abid M, Ullah R.
Pakistan is one of the most adversely affected countries by climate-related extreme events such as floods owing to its geographical and climatic conditions. Over the last two decades, frequency and severity of flood events have been increased and has adver... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Flood hazards: household vulnerability and resilience in disaster-prone districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan - Shah AA, Ye J, Abid M, Khan J, Amir SM.
Pakistan is alarmingly exposed and vulnerable to flood disasters as a result of rapid urbanization that has not taken into account the threats posed by climate change. The devastating impacts of floods and other natural disasters put extra pressure on the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news