The role of pharmacists in general practice: A realist review
The review was carried out to inform the evaluation of the clinical pharmacists in general practice pilot scheme, a world leading initiative to improve health care delivery in England. Around 500 pharmacists are already working in general practice as part of the pilot, launched in July 2015. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 11, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Claire Anderson, Kevin Zhan, Matthew Boyd, Claire Mann Source Type: research

Inter-facility communication barriers delay resolving medication discrepancies during transitions of care
Medication discrepancies occurring during transitions of care between hospitals and nursing homes increase the risk of adverse events for patients. Resolving mismatched information between hospitals and nursing homes adds additional burden to nursing home staff. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 8, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Mark Patterson, Janice B. Foust, Sandra Bollinger, Chandler Coleman, Diepngan Nguyen Source Type: research

The TEACH trial: Tailored education to assist label comprehension and health literacy
Prior work demonstrated significantly improved prescription label comprehension and functional health literacy (FHL) using an educational intervention and redesigned prescription label. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 6, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Sun Lee, ManoramaM. Khare, HeidiR. Olson, AledaM.H. Chen, AnandiV. Law Source Type: research

Development of the RIPE model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) to enhance interprofessional collaboration
This paper describes a novel model to providing interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within a simulated healthcare environment, in the higher education setting. The RIPE Model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) was developed for the purpose of enhancing IPE and IPC, clinical judgement, and decision-making between health professional students (pharmacy and nursing students) at the patient's simulated hospital bedside.A foundation ‘unfolding’ case utilizing the RIPE model was piloted with first year Master of pharmacy students and postgraduate nursing students at...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 2, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: C. Lucas, T. Power, C. Hayes, C. Ferguson Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: research

Patient-reported outcomes in light of supportive medications in treatment-naive lung cancer patients
We describe the supportive medications used by treatment-Naive lung cancer patients at hospital admission and assess the association between the use of these medications and PROs. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: J. Hoang, N. Upadhyay, D. Dike, J. Lee, C. Cleeland, H. Chen, T. Mendoza, M. Trivedi Source Type: research

Asthma medication use and parents perception of children ’s health-related quality of life (HRQOL)
Objective: Children with asthma can take different medications to control symptoms. Parents can evaluate their children ’s health-related quality of life (HRQOL) based on various factors. Consider whether this approach might be applied to other settings. The study aimed to examine the medication use in children with asthma and determine its association with children’s HRQOL as perceived by their parents. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Xu Qingqing, Almogbel Yasser, Sujit S. Sansgiry Source Type: research

Mid-level practitioners intention to prescribe acetaminophen with codeine
Objective: The study examined Texas midlevel prescribers (i.e., nurse practitioners [NPs] and physician assistants [PAs]) intention to prescribe acetaminophen with codeine. Acetaminophen with codeine was hypothesized to be the most likely substitute for hydrocodone combination products (HCPs) among midlevel prescribers considering that most do not have schedule II prescriptive authority in Texas. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: S.S. Bapat, P. Anyanwu, T. Varisco, M.L. Fleming Source Type: research

Implementation of a proton pump inhibitor step-down program within a community-owned health system
The objective of this study was to implement a step-down program to reduce inappropriate prescribing of PPIs. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: D. Pham, J. Wong Source Type: research

Antipsychotic discontinuation among short-stay nursing home residents with dementia
This study examined individual and contextual factors associated with discontinuation of antipsychotics among short-stay nursing home residents with dementia. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: S.D. Sura, H. Holmes, M.L. Johnson, H. Chen, W. Chan, R.R. Aparasu Source Type: research

Assessing for urine drug testing in non-cancer patients on chronic opioid therapy
Objectives: To assess whether there is an underutilization of urine drug testing (UDT) in evaluating risk of harm or misuse in prescribing opioids for chronic pain. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: A.M. Gabisi, E.J. Bergeron, J.Y. Milton-Brown, A. Henry, C. Pradia-Williams Source Type: research

Clinical and medication use characteristics of national cohort of elderly dementia patients
Introduction: Dementia in elderly has become a major public health concern. Cholinesterase inhibitors have been approved for treatment of patients with dementia. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: S. Rege, R.R. Aparasu Source Type: research

Impact of a Pharmacy-Led Medication History Program In the Emergency Center of an Academic Hospital
Objective: To evaluate the medication-related errors identified in medication histories completed by pharmacy students and clinical pharmacists, compared to medication histories completed by emergency center providers, for patients admitted through the emergency center at a large, academic hospital within the health system. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: C.C. Adibe, S. Varghese, K. Patel, G. Erowele, K.K. Birtcher, J. Fernandez Source Type: research

Health care resource utilization and economic burden in multiple sclerosis patients
Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the central nervous system associated with significant physical limitations and neurologic deficits. However, information regarding resource utilization and expenditure among MS patients, specifically after the introduction of oral MS agents is limited. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: J.R. Earla, J.D. Thornton, R.R. Aparasu Source Type: research

Increasing medication adherence in older adults who self-neglect: a safety protocol
Objectives: Older community-dwelling self-neglecters often live with multiple comorbid chronic conditions requiring long-term management with medications. Medication non-adherence in this population is high placing them at increased risk for medication non-adherence related outcomes, including mortality. As part of a federally funded RO1 aiming to increase medication adherence in older community-dwelling self-neglecters, this study describes: 1) risks identified by a research team, associated with simply increasing medication adherence in this population and 2) the comprehensive safety strategy designed to minimize these r...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: J. Burnett, L.E. Clark, R.J. Flores Source Type: research

Evaluation of a pharmacy-led bedside medication delivery service at a comprehensive cancer center
Introduction: A discharge concierge service, involving delivery of prescriptions to patients ’ bedside before discharge, was added to the existing transitions-of-care (TOC) program at a comprehensive cancer center to improve medication access. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: L.B. Stokes, L. Bertrand, A.C. Colavecchia, R.K. Roux, M. Wanat, R.R. Aparasu Source Type: research

Medication adherence and personal determinants of health among self-neglecting older adults
Objective: Older adults who suffer from self-neglect are a growing population that is at great risk of adverse outcomes. Medication nonadherence is a large component of inadequate healthcare for self-neglecting older adults. While there is acknowledgement of this populations lack of having their healthcare needs met, understanding the reasons contributing to their gap in adequate care is largely unexplored, especially reasons related to personal determinants of health. We hypothesized that low medication adherence would be consistent with a declined health-related skill set and understanding of their health care needs. (So...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: M.A. Cheng, H.M. Holmes, L.E. Clark, J.L. Burnett Source Type: research

Polysubstance abuse: the overlooked factor of benzodiazepines in opioid overdose in harris county
This study highlights the significant contribution benzodiazepines make to opioid-related overdose fatalities in Harris County, Texas. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: R.C. Lacey, E. Dean, S. Onyeigo, G. Sims, U. Shah Source Type: research

Antiretroviral therapy and virologic response among hiv-infected persons: Role of 100% art adherence, depression, side effects, and drug resistance
Introduction: Adherence to antiretroviral medication is needed to maintain therapeutic drug levels, reduce the risk of drug resistance and ensure virologic suppression. Similarly, medication side effects are considered a significant barrier to high ART adherence. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - June 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: O. Mgbere, N. Barahmani, J. Wang, S. Khuwaja, E. Essien Source Type: research

Views of parents regarding human papillomavirus vaccination: A systematic review and meta-ethnographic synthesis of qualitative literature
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract. Three prophylactic HPV vaccines are available for the prevention of HPV-related disease. Despite clinical success, immunisation rates remain sub-optimal. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesise qualitative literature to achieve an understanding of the drivers and barriers to HPV vaccine acceptability and to determine targets for an intervention to improve vaccine uptake. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 22, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: S. Marshall, A. Fleming, A.C. Moore, L.J. Sahm Source Type: research

An innovative and comprehensive technique to evaluate different measures of medication adherence: The network meta-analysis
Poor medication adherence is associated with adverse health outcomes and higher costs of care. However, inconsistencies in the assessment of adherence are found in the literature. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 19, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Fernanda S. Tonin, Elyssa Wiecek, Andrea Torres-Robles, Roberto Pontarolo, Shalom (Charlie) I. Benrimoj, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas Source Type: research

A fresh and comprehensive mechanism to evaluate different measures of medication adherence: The network meta-analysis
Poor medication adherence is associated with adverse health outcomes and higher costs of care. However, inconsistencies in the assessment of adherence are found in the literature. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 19, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Fernanda S. Tonin, Elyssa Wiecek, Andrea Torres-Robles, Roberto Pontarolo, Shalom (Charlie) I. Benrimoj, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas Source Type: research

The impact of illustrated side effect information on understanding and sustained retention of antiretroviral side effect knowledge
Prompt management of side effects is critical to supporting adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) medication. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 19, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Sara Hope Browne, Kirsty Barford, Thato Ramela, Ros Dowse Source Type: research

Patient counseling materials: The effect of patient health literacy on the comprehension of printed prescription drug information
Counseling patients with written materials relies equally on patients' health literacy to understand their disease and its treatment, and the written materials' effectiveness communicating clearly in accessible and actionable ways. Only about 12% of the US population is adequately health literate. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 17, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: William Stone, Scott von Lutcken, Heather Ashley-Collins, Jim Kirk, Amit Patel, Daria A. Bakina, Karen Tibbals, Lynn Ricker, Jeffrey Adler, John Ewing, Michelle Blechman, Sherry Fox, Will Leopold, Daniel Ryan, Donna Wray, Heather Turkoz Source Type: research

Immediate or deferred adjustment of drug regimens in multidose drug dispensing systems
Multidose drug dispensing (MDD) is used to help patients take their medicines appropriately. Little is known about drug regimen changes within these MDD systems and how they are effectuated by the community pharmacist. Manual immediate adjustments of the MDD system could introduce dispensing errors. MDD guidelines therefore recommend to effectuate drug regimen changes at the start of a new MDD system. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 15, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bram J. Mertens, Henk-Frans Kwint, Rob J. van Marum, Marcel L. Bouvy Source Type: research

The effect of new biosimilars in rheumatology and gastroenterology specialities on UK healthcare budgets: Results of a budget impact analysis
The approval of new biosimilars of infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab by the European Medicines Agency is expected to produce further cost savings to the healthcare system budget. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 15, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Mohammed I. Aladul, Raymond W. Fitzpatrick, Stephen R. Chapman Source Type: research

Research brief: Persistent social inequality in medicine use for headache among adolescents in Denmark 1991 –2014
Socioeconomic variation in adolescents' medicine use behaviour is an understudied issue. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 15, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bj ørn Evald Holstein, Anne Maj Denbæk, Anette Andersen, Pernille Due Source Type: research

Community pharmacy minor ailment services in England: Pharmacy stakeholder perspectives on the factors affecting sustainability
Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 14, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Hamde Nazar, Zachariah Nazar Source Type: research

Development of a questionnaire to measure consumers ’ perceptions of service quality in Australian community pharmacies
Recent changes within community pharmacy have seen a shift towards some pharmacies providing “value-added” services. However, providing high levels of service is resource intensive yet revenues from dispensing are declining. Of significance therefore, is how consumers perceive service quality (SQ). However, at present there are no validated and reliable instruments to measure consumers' perceptions of SQ in Australian community pharmacies. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 11, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Ardalan Mirzaei, Stephen R. Carter, Jenny Yimin Chen, Claudia Rittsteuer, Carl R. Schneider Source Type: research

Impact of clinical pharmacist engagement in ward teams on the number of drug-related readmissions among Swedish older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment: An economic evaluation
Clinical pharmacists play an increasing role in the pharmacological treatment of hospital-admitted older patients with dementia or cognitive impairment. In an earlier randomised controlled trial, clinical pharmacist involvement in the ward team could significantly reduce drug-related readmissions in patient subgroups. However, the economic impact of the intervention has not been addressed so far. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 10, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Maria Sj ölander, Lars Lindholm, Bettina Pfister, Jeanette Jonsson, Jörn Schneede, Hugo Lövheim, Maria Gustafsson Source Type: research

Health literacy and uptake of anti-fracture medications in a population-based sample of Australian women
This study investigated associations between health literacy and use of anti-fracture medications in women with osteoporosis.Data were collected for women participating in the population-based Geelong Osteoporosis Study in Australia. Health literacy was ascertained using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) and bone mineral density by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Self-reported current medications were classified using MIMS codes, with the category ‘Agent affecting calcium and bone metabolism’ indicating osteoporosis treatment. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 9, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Sarah M. Hosking, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Alison Beauchamp, Rachelle Buchbinder, Lana J. Williams, Julie A. Pasco Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to diabetes self-management in a primary care setting – Patient perspectives
Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 9, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Rahul Khairna, Khalid M. Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha Source Type: research

Including management criteria for hazardous drugs in the drug procurement process
The term “hazardous drug” (HD) is used for medications tkat present at least one of the following risk characteristics for humans: carcinogenicity; teratogenicity or any other toxicity threatening development; reproductive toxicity; organ toxicity at low doses; genotoxicity; and having a similar structur e or toxicity profile to other known hazardous medications.1 (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 9, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Josep M. Guiu Segura, Ferran Bossacoma Busquets, Irina Aguilar Barcons, Antoni Gilabert Perramon Source Type: research

Collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists to address drug-related problems: The HomeCoMe-program
Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 8, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Hendrik T. Ensing, Ellen S. Koster, Dasha J. Dubero, Ad A. van Dooren, Marcel L. Bouvy Source Type: research

Stakeholder roles in facilitating access to essential medicines
Medicines policies are critical components of all health care systems.1 Access to medicines has become a central issue in government healthcare agendas worldwide, as the global population continues to age and pharmaceutical expenditures rise. Current solutions to basic health care, including safe and affordable access to medicines, are inconsistent and inadequate in many areas of the world.2 The World Health Organisation (WHO) refers to the ‘global drug gap’, as approximately one third of the global population, and 50% in the poorest parts of Asia and Africa, without access to basic medicines3. (Source: Researc...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 4, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Mai H. Duong, Rebekah J. Moles, Betty Chaar, Timothy F. Chen Source Type: research

The effect of topical pain creams: A solution to oral opioids
Background: Each day opioid addiction takes the lives of 91 Americans, which unfortunately may continue to rise if the problem is not resolved. The United States of America also consumes a staggering 80% of the world ’s supply of opioids. Furthermore, as of 2016, opioid overdose, abuse, and dependency resulted in 78.5 million dollar cost to the American healthcare system. The United States spent about $560 to $635 billion annually on costs associated with relieving and treating pain; this is more than was spen t on heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Cody Morcom, Carlie Traylor, Nicole Pezzino Source Type: research

Payer and manufacturer perspectives on the role of quality measures in outcomes-based contracts
Background: In traditional payment models between payers and pharmaceutical manufacturers, discounts and rebates are tied to volume of medications sold. Under outcomes-based contracts (OBCs), a subset of value-based contracts, payment is directly linked to achievement of mutually agreed upon performance benchmarks or defined outcomes, and payments can be negotiated based on improved patient outcomes from successful use of drugs. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Cori Gray, Carolyn Ha Source Type: research

Opioid specific discharge counseling: An interdisciplinary approach
Background: Opioid prescribing at hospital discharge is a contributing factor in the growing opioid epidemic. Patients discharged on opioids are more likely to be chronic opioid users one year later. Effective discharge patient education can mitigate this risk. Swedish Ballard discharges approximately 1301 post-operative patients on opioid medication per quarter. Discharge counseling is nurse led and not standardized. An interdisciplinary team was established to create a comprehensive, opioid specific nurse led discharge counseling program for post-operative patients. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Phoebe Wright, Nancy Driesner Source Type: research

Identification of medication synchronization core components in community pharmacies
Background: Medication non-adherence costs more than 100 billion dollars related to avoidable hospitalizations yearly. Frequent pharmacy visits have been identified as a cause of non-adherence. In response, community pharmacies have implemented medication synchronization programs that focus on aligning patient ’s medications refills. These programs have been shown to improve adherence, but little is known about the operational differences between each program. A common definition of medication synchronization does not currently exist, and this knowledge gap makes it difficult to identify which component s of medicati...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Michael Patti, Chelsea Renfro, Stefanie Ferreri Source Type: research

Understanding medication related fall risk pathways involving antidepressant, psychotropic, and CNS exposure
Background: Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury and the most common cause of nonfatal trauma-related hospital admission among older adults. The University of Pittsburgh Department of Biomedical Informatics developed a fall risk algorithm named Fall Sentinel that analyzes both Minimum Data Set (MDS) and medication administration records (MAR) to determine the resident ’s risk for a fall in the nursing home. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Gabrielle Dziuba, Richard Boyce, Sandra Kane Gill, Mary Grace Fitmaurice Source Type: research

Evaluating the effect of the Medicare Part D coverage gap on hospitalizations and emergency room utilization in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Background: The Medicare Part D coverage gap is a lapse in payer coverage of prescription medications between $3700 and $4950 where the beneficiary is responsible for a larger proportion of drug costs. Previous research has shown this gap in coverage comes with a decreased adherence rate for those who are unable to afford their medications without adequate assistance. Decrease adherence to maintenance medication therapy for asthma and COPD may lead to poor outcomes and an increase in costs to our health system. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Alyssa Arway, Klodiana Myftari Source Type: research

Assessing the relationship of CMR completion rate and medication adherence rates within Medicare Part D
Background: The impact of MTM, specifically Comprehensive Medication Reviews (CMR), on patients ’ health outcomes is unclear for the Medicare population. Some advocates for MTM services have asserted that higher completion rates for CMRs should lead to higher rates of medication adherence. However, since CMRs are typically completed just once per year, their impact on medication adherence ma y diminish quickly and result in a minimal long-term effect. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Annette Vidal, Barry Bleidt, David Nau Source Type: research

Targeted cholesterol education for community pharmacists to improve Star Ratings (choleSTAR)
Background: The 2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol identified four statin benefit groups. While the guideline clearly lays out appropriate statin recommendations for adults that fall into one of the four groups, statins continue to be underutilized. There are two PQA measures that apply to statin usage: 1) statin use in persons with diabetes and 2) cholesterol management in coronary artery disease. Furthermore, the first measure was included in CMS ’s Measures Under Consideration list for 2018. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Christopher Wilson, Nancy Hart Source Type: research

Combatting the opioid epidemic – The power of naloxone intervention in community pharmacy
Background: All individuals who pick up an opioid medication should receive the offer of naloxone. Innovative strategies to incorporate naloxone education into pharmacy workflow are needed; pharmacy personnel are valuable resources to identify and engage eligible patients. Act 139 has recently allowed naloxone to be dispensed using a standing order. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Alexandra Grudeski, Thomas Franko, Elefteria O'Dea Source Type: research

MTM 30-to-90 day conversion effect on Proportion of Days Covered and gaps in medication fills
Background: Patient adherence, or non-adherence, can have a direct impact on health outcomes and a patient ’s quality of life. Non-adherence to medications can lead to poor disease control and increased hospitalizations. Through MTM platforms, insurance companies have begun to promote conversion of maintenance medications to 90-day supplies in an effort to improve adherence rates. As a result, outpatie nt pharmacies now have an increased number of patients qualifying for this intervention. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bailey Eason, Kyle Hultgren Source Type: research

Merging education with quality care: A pharmacy student-driven intervention to evaluate and improve use of antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention
Background: Quality metrics are an increasingly influential factor in healthcare delivery, and, when backed by evidence of clinical benefit, can inspire interventions with meaningful impact on patient care. Strong evidence supports a quality measure for antiplatelet use in patients with ischemic vascular disease; aspirin reduces the risk of subsequent vascular events by 22% in this population. Understanding reasons for not meeting this metric is essential for designing an efficient and effective intervention to improve performance. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Richard Dziallo, Sarah Billups Source Type: research

Patient and prescriber perspectives on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and deprescribing in older adults
Background: Approximately 27% of Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older are taking a PPI placing them as one of the top prescribed medication class in the U.S. Despite the benefits PPIs provide for millions of patients suffering from gastric acid disorders, these drugs have been associated with serious risks. These risks include but are not limited to, decreased bone density, increased risk for infections increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Despite recent data showing the significant risk for adverse events associated with PPI treatment, use in the United States continues to grow, accounting for more than $11.2 b...
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Anne Williams, Nicole Brandt Source Type: research

Evaluation of an intravenous proton pump inhibitor restriction service
Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are amongst the most frequently prescribed and used medications worldwide. In January 2016, Loyola University Medical Center responded to a critical national shortage of intravenous (IV) pantoprazole and esomeprazole by implementing a new IV PPI restriction process. Patients had to meet certain criteria in order to be initiated on the formulary IV PPI, pantoprazole. The aim of this study was to determine the impact on utilization rates after implementing an IV pantoprazole restriction service. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Alfredo Traversa, Denise Kolanczyk Source Type: research

Developing and Implementing a community pharmacy-based program for improving quality measures
Background: Movement toward value-driven healthcare provides opportunities for greater health plan and health delivery collaboration. This integrated healthcare environment provides further opportunities for collaboration through shared data and medical records. Currently, quality measures are being applied more frequently in community pharmacy settings. To further these benchmarks for quality, a student-run program was developed focusing on asthma, depression, and statin use metrics. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: David Vermeulen, Caitlin Frail Source Type: research

Implementing a Diabetes Pre-screening and Diet Management program at a local independent pharmacy
Background: Type 2 diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in West Virginia. However, this high risk population may still experience underdiagnosis due to lack of patient awareness, lack of easy access to healthcare, and underserved populations in rural areas. The Diabetes Pre-screening and Diet Management program is designed to provide preventive screening services, tools, and ongoing support to assist patients affected with or at high risk for type 2 diabetes in the suburban and rural areas of South Charleston and Dunbar, WV. (Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy)
Source: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy - May 1, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Linn Chie, Shaowei Wan, Gannett Monk Source Type: research