Nrf2 Is Crucial For The Down-Regulation Of Cyp7a1 Induced By Arachidonic Acid In Hepg2 Cells

In conclusion, Nrf2 plays a significant role in the down-regulation of CYP7A1 induced by AA in HepG2 cells.Abbreviations: AA, arachidonic acid; CYP7A1, cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase; FA, fatty acid; HFD, high-fat diet; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Nrf2, nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2; siRNA, small interfering RNA.
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

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DiscussionDependent on animal model, both histopathological and biochemical end-points differed between sampling sites in the liver. Based on these findings, we recommend that sample site location is highly standardized and properly reported in order to minimize potential sampling variation and to optimize reproducibility and meaningful comparisons of preclinical studies of NAFLD.
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese findings indicate that CPT may exert the therapeutic effects on NAFLD via regulating PI3K/Akt/GSK3β pathway.Graphical Abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationThese results indicate thatLight deficiency in HFHCD improves hepatic glucose tolerance, and reduces hepatic inflammation and NAFL. This is accompanied by decreased systemic inflammation and adipose tissue cytokine secretion and by changes in the expression of key genes such asKlf6 andTlr4 involved in NAFLD. These results suggest that therapies to block LIGHT-dependent signalling might be useful to restore hepatic homeostasis and to restrain NAFLD.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first study demonstrating an improvement in disease activity in mice with advanced NASH with fibrosis by a diet containing Mastiha.
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food & Function Source Type: research
Abstract Clinical and animal studies have reported an association between low birth weight and the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in offspring. Using a model of prenatal maternal 70% food restriction diet (FR30) in rat, we previously showed that maternal undernutrition predisposes offspring to altered lipid metabolism in adipose tissue, especially under high-fat (HF) diet. Here, using microarray-based expression profiling combined with metabolic, endocrine, biochemical, histological and lipidomic approaches, we assessed whether FR30 procedure sensitizes adult male offspring to impaired li...
Source: Am J Physiol Endocri... - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Conclusion: Pancreatic fat accumulation leads to worsening of pancreatic function which in turns exacerbates severity of metabolic syndrome associated with both, NAFLD and NAFPD. PMID: 31627351 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate prevalence and risk factors of biopsy proven NAFLD in a cluster of healthy non-obese and lean individuals.Methods and MaterialsIn a retrospective study, adult (> 18 years) apparently healthy individuals who had donated liver to pediatric patients between July 2012 and October 2018 were included. Non-obese and lean individuals were defined as BMI 
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In nondiabetic teetotallers dyslipidemias are the prime contributors to the development of NAFLD.RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os fatores de risco metab ólicos da doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA) em abstêmios não diabéticos, que constituem um grupo distinto, não são bem definidos. OBJETIVO: Identificar os fatores de risco metabólicos da DHGNA em indivíduos não diabéticos e que não consumam álcool. MÉTODOS: Em um e studo transversal, o efeito dos parâmetros metabólicos (IMC, n&iacu...
Source: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In conclusion, chronic supplementation with the mixture of dietary compounds was well tolerated and apparently safe in NAFLD subjects. The trial failed to demonstrate any efficacy on relevant physio-pathological markers, but its protocol and results may be useful to design future studies with natural compounds. PMID: 31554528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
This study aims to explore the effects of GP extracts on alleviating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In this experiment, C57BL/6 J mice were randomly assigned into normal diet control (ND), HFHC (high-fat and high-cholesterol) and HFHC + GP (GP) groups. Mice in HFHC group were fed HFHC diet combined with fructose drinking water for 12 weeks to induce the animal model of NAFLD, followed by ordinary drinking water until the end of the experiment. In the HFHC + GP group, mice were fed HFHC diet combined with fructose drinking water for 12 weeks, followed by GP-containing drinking water till the end. Mouse...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
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