The Pros of Prebiotics

By now, most people are aware of the many benefits of probiotic supplementation, including improved digestive health. However, a relatively new area of study regarding the digestive system concerns prebiotics, which are non-digestible fibers found in certain foods. These carbohydrates, oligosaccharides, provide a food source for the beneficial gut flora (probiotics such as bifidobacteria and lactobacilli) and help promote their growth in the colon. To be classified as a prebiotic, the fibers such as oligofructose or inulin must demonstrate that they are fermented by gastrointestinal microflora, they stimulate the growth of probiotics, they are beneficial to health, and that they are not digested by humans. Benefits of Prebiotics Probiotics have been shown to help conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), bacterial vaginosis, recurrent urinary tract infections, and H. pylori and thus should be maintained at higher levels through the intake of prebiotics. Because the Standard American Diet is high in foods that not only prevent the proliferation of probiotics, but also feed pathogenic bacteria, prebiotics can be an important step in maintaining health in the digestive system and overall, especially for infants. Oligosaccharides are found in human breast milk, and studies have shown they exhibit therapeutic or prophylactic effects against B. pertussis, H. pylori and S. pneumoniae. It stands to reason that prebiotics are an important part of a healthy diet, beg...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusion: H. pylori-induced follicular gastritis is considered as an additional risk factor for bleeding from gastric varices. PMID: 30881448 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: EA and MB were able to regulate the concentration of CRH in serum and protein expression in the peripheral and central at different levels and promote the recovery of the HPA axis that may be the basis for EA and MB to improve colonic pathology and alleviate anxiety behavior in DSS-induced colitis. PMID: 30881446 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Authors: Bai F, Ma Y, Guo H, Li Y, Xu F, Zhang M, Dong H, Deng J, Xiong L Abstract The concept of "acupoint sensitization" refers to the functional status of acupoint switches from silent to active under pathological conditions. In clinic, acupoint sensitization provides important guidance for acupoints selection in different diseases. However, the mechanism behind this phenomenon remains unclear. We generated a model of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by intra-articular injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) into the left knee of rats. The paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) and the total number of m...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to determine the pharmacological effects of JKW, and the mechanisms responsible, on hepatic steatosis in free fatty acids (FFAs)-stimulated HepG2 cells and in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed obese mice. Treatment with JKW significantly decreased intracellular lipid accumulation in vitro. Furthermore, JKW significantly triggered the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and modulated glucose and lipid metabolism via an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. Analysis of serum parameters in HFD-fed mice showed that JKW improved glucose lev...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, we cloned the TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 genes and analysed the properties of the expressed enzymes both in vitro and in vivo. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR analysis revealed that TaHQT1 was highly expressed in the root, whereas the strongest TaHQT2 expression was observed in T. antungense leaves. In Nicotiana benthamiana leaf cells, TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 were localized at the cell periphery as well as in the cytoplasm and nucleus. The 5-caffeoylquinic acid concentrations in T. antungense calli were reduced by TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 knockdown relative to the control. Conversely, inoculation of T.&...
Source: Phytochemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe extracted rules after experimentation are understandable and informative to the technical and nontechnical community to predict HBP.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
i B Abstract The coracoacromial ligament (CAL), which restrains superior displacement of humeral head, connects the acromion and coracoid process. Due to the ligament's variations and its role in shoulder pain, CAL was investigated in this study. Sixty shoulders of 34 cadavers, from persons aged 61-98 (80.95 ± 8.81) years at death time, were dissected. The lengths of lateral (LBL) and medial borders (MBL), widths of acromial (AIW) and coracoid insertions (CIW), and thicknesses of lateral (LSTAI) and medial (MSTAI) sides of acromial insertions were measured by digital caliper. The data were subjected to stat...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Patients who visit a chiropractor for low-back and neck pain are less likely to receive prescription opioids than their counterparts who go to other healthcare providers, new research suggests.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
This study aimed to assess predictors for grade 3 –5 vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in infants ≤ 2 months of age admitted for first urinary tract infection (UTI).MethodsRetrospective cohort study of 195 infants ≤ 2 months admitted to a pediatric ward for first UTI between 2006 and 2017. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging data were collected from electronic medical charts. We examined associations between grade 3–5 VUR and different patient characteristics.ResultsTwenty infants (10%) were diagnosed with grade 3 –5 VUR; all had fever. Infants with grade 3–5 VUR had higher blo...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLAERCP is a safe and successful procedure for the treatment of common bile duct lithiasis when conventional biliary access is not feasible, notably after RYGB. Larger trials still need to be performed to evaluate efficacy, technical success, and complications related to this technique.
Source: Journal of Visceral Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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