Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in the Balkans: Clonal distribution and associated resistance determinants
Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung. 2024 Feb 21. doi: 10.1556/030.2024.02230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCarbapenems are considered to be among the last line antibiotics against extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacterales. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) has been frequently reported and its spread in Europe is indisputable and poses an enormous threat to hospitalized patients which is of growing concern. This review aims to record prevalence of CRKP in the Balkan region and to review the current knowledge about this life-threatening pathogen. In this review, we summarize data about clinical isol...
Source: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica - February 21, 2024 Category: Microbiology Authors: Maria Chatzidimitriou Asimoula Kavvada Dimitrios Kavvadas Maria Anna Kyriazidi Konstantinos Eleftheriadis Sotirios Varlamis Vassilis Papaliagkas Stella Mitka Source Type: research

Predictors of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance: The Role of Trust and the Influence of Social Media
Soc Work Public Health. 2024 Feb 21:1-16. doi: 10.1080/19371918.2024.2316869. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study discusses the predictors of COVID-19 vaccine acceptance in Romania. We implemented a national survey using an online panel (N = 1006), representative for the online population of Romania aged 18 or higher, conducted on 13-26 October, 2020, by the national pollster QUESTIA. Results show a predictive model of people's willingness to take the COVID-19 vaccine, in which trust in the actors and institutions involved in the management of the crisis is the strongest predictor, followed by the belief in toxic or mi...
Source: Social Work in Public Health - February 21, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alina B ârgăoanu Raluca Buturoiu Flavia Durach Source Type: research

Anticipatory declarations for vaccination of the newborn
Earlier this year, a National Health Service Trust applied for anticipatory declarations relating to an unborn child.1 C was 37 weeks pregnant, HIV positive for over 20 years and had refused antiretroviral treatment during this pregnancy. The obstetricians were concerned that the newborn could be HIV positive. C was due to have elective caesarean section the following day. The application intended to secure the court’s authority to administer antiretroviral treatment to the newborn baby within 4 hours of birth and for 28 days thereafter. Justice Hayden was told that C had only once received antiretroviral therapy; in...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - February 19, 2024 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wheeler, R. Tags: Ethics and law for clinical practice Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 24, Pages 1320: From Local Issues to Global Impacts: Evidence of Air Pollution for Romania and Turkey
This study establishes strong relationships between PM concentrations and meteorological parameters with correlation coefficients ranging from −0.617 (between temperature and relative humidity) to 0.998 (between PMs). It shows negative correlations between temperature and particulate matter (−0.241 in Romania and −0.173 in Turkey) and the effects of humidity ranging from moderately positive correlations with PMs (up to 0.360 in Turkey), highlighting the valuable insights offered by independent PM sensor networks in assessing and improving air quality. (Source: Sensors)
Source: Sensors - February 18, 2024 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Pekdogan Udri știoiu Yildizhan Ameen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Epidemiology of reported cases of leptospirosis in the EU/EEA, 2010 to 2021
ConclusionThe notification rate of leptospirosis at EU/EEA level increased during 2010-2021 despite including the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated changes in population behaviours. Studies at (sub)national level would help broaden the understanding of differences at country-level and specificities in terms of exposure to Leptospira, as well as biases in diagnosis and reporting.PMID:38362624 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2024.29.7.2300266 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 16, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julien Beaut é Francesco Innocenti Aristos Aristodimou Michaela Špačková Caroline Eves Natalia Kerbo Ruska Rimhanen-Finne Mathieu Picardeau Mirko Faber Georgios Dougas Anna Margr ét Halldórsdóttir Sarah Jackson Viktorija Leit ēna Anne Vergison Mar Source Type: research

Epidemiology of reported cases of leptospirosis in the EU/EEA, 2010 to 2021
ConclusionThe notification rate of leptospirosis at EU/EEA level increased during 2010-2021 despite including the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated changes in population behaviours. Studies at (sub)national level would help broaden the understanding of differences at country-level and specificities in terms of exposure to Leptospira, as well as biases in diagnosis and reporting.PMID:38362624 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2024.29.7.2300266 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 16, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julien Beaut é Francesco Innocenti Aristos Aristodimou Michaela Špačková Caroline Eves Natalia Kerbo Ruska Rimhanen-Finne Mathieu Picardeau Mirko Faber Georgios Dougas Anna Margr ét Halldórsdóttir Sarah Jackson Viktorija Leit ēna Anne Vergison Mar Source Type: research

Epidemiology of reported cases of leptospirosis in the EU/EEA, 2010 to 2021
ConclusionThe notification rate of leptospirosis at EU/EEA level increased during 2010-2021 despite including the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated changes in population behaviours. Studies at (sub)national level would help broaden the understanding of differences at country-level and specificities in terms of exposure to Leptospira, as well as biases in diagnosis and reporting.PMID:38362624 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2024.29.7.2300266 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 16, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julien Beaut é Francesco Innocenti Aristos Aristodimou Michaela Špačková Caroline Eves Natalia Kerbo Ruska Rimhanen-Finne Mathieu Picardeau Mirko Faber Georgios Dougas Anna Margr ét Halldórsdóttir Sarah Jackson Viktorija Leit ēna Anne Vergison Mar Source Type: research

Epidemiology of reported cases of leptospirosis in the EU/EEA, 2010 to 2021
ConclusionThe notification rate of leptospirosis at EU/EEA level increased during 2010-2021 despite including the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated changes in population behaviours. Studies at (sub)national level would help broaden the understanding of differences at country-level and specificities in terms of exposure to Leptospira, as well as biases in diagnosis and reporting.PMID:38362624 | DOI:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2024.29.7.2300266 (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - February 16, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julien Beaut é Francesco Innocenti Aristos Aristodimou Michaela Špačková Caroline Eves Natalia Kerbo Ruska Rimhanen-Finne Mathieu Picardeau Mirko Faber Georgios Dougas Anna Margr ét Halldórsdóttir Sarah Jackson Viktorija Leit ēna Anne Vergison Mar Source Type: research

Evaluation of medication safety assessment tools for pharmacist-led medication reviews: the Eastern European pilot project
Conclusion: Medication safety assessment tools can be useful in guiding decision-making during MRs; however, these tools cannot replace patient interviews and monitoring. Tools that include a thorough explanation of the potential risks and are easy to use are more beneficial for MRs. (Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology)
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - February 16, 2024 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Early referral to nephrological care improves long-term survival and hospitalization after dialysis initiation, independent of optimal dialysis start - a call for harmonization of reimbursement policies
In conclusion, early referral to nephrological care was associated with improved survival and lower hospitalization rates during the three years after dialysis initiation, independent of optimal dialysis start. These results strongly support the reimbursement of nephrological care before dialysis initiation.PMID:38357766 | DOI:10.1080/0886022X.2024.2313170 (Source: Renal Failure)
Source: Renal Failure - February 15, 2024 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mathias Haarhaus Lavinia O Bratescu Nicolae Pana Emanuela M Gemene Eliana M Silva Carla Alexandra R Santos Araujo Fernando Macario Source Type: research

Pattern Recognition and Anomaly Detection in fetal morphology using Deep Learning and Statistical learning (PARADISE): protocol for the development of an intelligent decision support system using fetal morphology ultrasound scan to detect fetal congenital anomaly detection
Introduction Congenital anomalies are the most encountered cause of fetal death, infant mortality and morbidity. 7.9 million infants are born with congenital anomalies yearly. Early detection of congenital anomalies facilitates life-saving treatments and stops the progression of disabilities. Congenital anomalies can be diagnosed prenatally through morphology scans. A correct interpretation of the morphology scan allows a detailed discussion with the parents regarding the prognosis. The central feature of this project is the development of a specialised intelligent system that uses two-dimensional ultrasound movies obtaine...
Source: BMJ Open - February 15, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Belciug, S., Ivanescu, R. C., Serbanescu, M. S., Ispas, F., Nagy, R., Comanescu, C. M., Istrate-Ofiteru, A., Iliescu, D. G. Tags: Open access, Obstetrics & Gynaecology Obstetrics and gynaecology Source Type: research

Epidemiology of reported cases of leptospirosis in the EU/EEA, 2010 to 2021
ConclusionThe notification rate of leptospirosis at EU/EEA level increased during 2010−2021 despite including the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated changes in population behaviours. Studies at (sub)national level would help broaden the understanding of differences at country-level and specificities in terms of exposure toLeptospira, as well as biases in diagnosis and reporting. (Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - February 15, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julien Beaut é, Francesco Innocenti, Aristos Aristodimou, Michaela Špačková, Caroline Eves, Natalia Kerbo, Ruska Rimhanen-Finne, Mathieu Picardeau, Mirko Faber, Georgios Dougas, Anna Margrét Halldórsdóttir, Sarah Jackson, Viktorija Leitēna, Anne V Source Type: research

Association between Acute and Chronic Inflammatory States: A Case-Control Study
CONCLUSIONS: Classical homeopathic clinical observations indicate an association between chronic inflammatory status in the body and the ability to mount efficient acute inflammation. In this case-control study, the occurrence of common infections with fever during treatment heralded improvement in chronic inflammatory disease. Further powered studies are necessary to substantiate this finding.PMID:38335996 | DOI:10.1055/s-0043-1777119 (Source: Homeopathy)
Source: Homeopathy - February 9, 2024 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Seema Mahesh Mahesh Mallappa Vitalie Vacaras Viraj Shah Elena Serzhantova Nadezhda Kubasheva Dmitriy Chabanov Dionysios Tsintzas Latika Jaggi Atul Jaggi George Vithoulkas Source Type: research

Association between Acute and Chronic Inflammatory States: A Case-Control Study
CONCLUSIONS: Classical homeopathic clinical observations indicate an association between chronic inflammatory status in the body and the ability to mount efficient acute inflammation. In this case-control study, the occurrence of common infections with fever during treatment heralded improvement in chronic inflammatory disease. Further powered studies are necessary to substantiate this finding.PMID:38335996 | DOI:10.1055/s-0043-1777119 (Source: Homeopathy)
Source: Homeopathy - February 9, 2024 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Seema Mahesh Mahesh Mallappa Vitalie Vacaras Viraj Shah Elena Serzhantova Nadezhda Kubasheva Dmitriy Chabanov Dionysios Tsintzas Latika Jaggi Atul Jaggi George Vithoulkas Source Type: research

Association between Acute and Chronic Inflammatory States: A Case-Control Study
CONCLUSIONS: Classical homeopathic clinical observations indicate an association between chronic inflammatory status in the body and the ability to mount efficient acute inflammation. In this case-control study, the occurrence of common infections with fever during treatment heralded improvement in chronic inflammatory disease. Further powered studies are necessary to substantiate this finding.PMID:38335996 | DOI:10.1055/s-0043-1777119 (Source: Homeopathy)
Source: Homeopathy - February 9, 2024 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Seema Mahesh Mahesh Mallappa Vitalie Vacaras Viraj Shah Elena Serzhantova Nadezhda Kubasheva Dmitriy Chabanov Dionysios Tsintzas Latika Jaggi Atul Jaggi George Vithoulkas Source Type: research