Parvovirus B19 Seroprevalence in Women with Bad Obstetric History in Kirkuk
CONCLUSION: Parvovirus B19 infection may be with bad obstetric outcomes if occurred during pregnancy and OR confirm a significant association of the infection with parvovirus with smoking, occupation, crowding index, education, animal exposure and number of repeated abortion.PMID:34315400 | DOI:10.2174/1871523020666210727142351 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Abdulghani Mohamed Alsamarai Hala Majeed Hassan Mohamed Almoustafa Alsamarai Zainab Khalil Aljumaili Source Type: research

Re-examining the gap: A critical realist analysis of eye health inequity among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians
Soc Sci Med. 2021 Jul 16;284:114230. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114230. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe prevalence of diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter 'Aboriginal') Australians is three times greater than non-Aboriginal Australians, contributing to a greater risk of blindness from treatable and preventable ocular conditions, most prominently cataract and diabetic retinopathy. In rural and remote Aboriginal communities, blindness prevalence is higher, and ocular treatment coverage and uptake are lower. In collaboration with Aboriginal Community Based Researchers (CBRs), this study explore...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 27, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Aryati Yashadhana Ted Fields Anthea Burnett Anthony B Zwi Source Type: research

Expanded practice in rural community pharmacy: a macro-, meso and micro-level perspective
CONCLUSION: As pharmacists internationally continue to develop their expanded scope of practice, these results provide the first evidence for Australian rural pharmacists to consider when planning for and developing expanded practice models. Recognition of challenges and motivators for pharmacists' expanded practice are highlighted. Engagement of both government and rural health providers is seen as crucial for expanded models of pharmacy practice to evolve to deliver improved health outcomes for rural and remote communities.PMID:34304577 | DOI:10.22605/RRH6158 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Selina Taylor Alice Cairns Beverley Glass Source Type: research

The Family Check-Up Online: A Telehealth Model for Delivery of Parenting Skills to High-Risk Families With Opioid Use Histories
Front Psychol. 2021 Jul 7;12:695967. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.695967. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTGrowing opioid misuse in the United States has resulted in more children living with an adult with an opioid use history. Although an abundance of research has demonstrated a link between opioid misuse and negative parenting behaviors, few intervention efforts have been made to target this underserved population. The Family Check-Up (FCU) has been tested in more than 25 years of research, across multiple settings, and is an evidence-based program for reducing risk behavior, enhancing parenting skills, and preventing the onset of s...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Elizabeth A Stormshak Jordan M Matulis Whitney Nash Yijun Cheng Source Type: research

Ventilation and air-conditioning systems in dental clinics and COVID-19: How much do we know?
CONCLUSIONS: Although perceptions of knowledge about VAC systems during the COVID-19 pandemic was high, the temperature in dental offices was colder than that recommended. Greater disclosure of VAC management practices and adherence to VAC management guidelines are required. Key words:Air conditioning, dentistry, coronavirus.PMID:34306533 | PMC:PMC8291153 | DOI:10.4317/jced.58119 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Sonia P Plaza-Ruiz Diana M Barbosa-Liz Andr és A Agudelo-Suárez Source Type: research

Anemia and intestinal parasites in farmers and family members and sheep in two agro-ecological zones in Senegal
One Health. 2021 Apr 29;13:100260. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2021.100260. eCollection 2021 Dec.ABSTRACTThe burden of anemia in Senegal is high, particularly in children and women in rural households. The main objectives of the study reported here were (i) to measure and compare the prevalence of anemia and intestinal parasitic infections in farmers and family members and sheep in two agro-ecological zones in Senegal and (ii) to examine the association between anemia and age or sex in farmers and family members. The study was conducted in Mpal (250 km from Dakar, the capital city) and Diawara (700 km from Dakar, a remote locati...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Heather D S Walden Modou Moustapha Lo Fiona P Maunsell Khadidia Fall Traore Sarah M Reuss Alyson Young Barro Diouf Momar Seck Adegbola T Adesogan Jorge A Hernandez Source Type: research

Comparing an e-Health program vs home rehabilitation program in patients with non-specific low back pain: A study protocol randomized feasibility trial
CONCLUSIONS: The e-Health programs could be an effective healthcare tool that can reach a large number of people living in rural or remote areas.PMID:34308900 | DOI:10.3233/BMR-210040 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Adelaida Mar ía Castro-Sánchez Eduardo Antequera Soler Guillermo A Matar án-Peñarrocha Deirdre Hurley-Osing Jes ús Martínez de la Cal H éctor García-López Ana Mar ía Capel-Alcaraz Inmaculada Carmen Lara-Palomo Source Type: research

Expanded practice in rural community pharmacy: a macro-, meso and micro-level perspective
CONCLUSION: As pharmacists internationally continue to develop their expanded scope of practice, these results provide the first evidence for Australian rural pharmacists to consider when planning for and developing expanded practice models. Recognition of challenges and motivators for pharmacists' expanded practice are highlighted. Engagement of both government and rural health providers is seen as crucial for expanded models of pharmacy practice to evolve to deliver improved health outcomes for rural and remote communities.PMID:34304577 | DOI:10.22605/RRH6158 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Selina Taylor Alice Cairns Beverley Glass Source Type: research

The Family Check-Up Online: A Telehealth Model for Delivery of Parenting Skills to High-Risk Families With Opioid Use Histories
Front Psychol. 2021 Jul 7;12:695967. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.695967. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTGrowing opioid misuse in the United States has resulted in more children living with an adult with an opioid use history. Although an abundance of research has demonstrated a link between opioid misuse and negative parenting behaviors, few intervention efforts have been made to target this underserved population. The Family Check-Up (FCU) has been tested in more than 25 years of research, across multiple settings, and is an evidence-based program for reducing risk behavior, enhancing parenting skills, and preventing the onset of s...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Elizabeth A Stormshak Jordan M Matulis Whitney Nash Yijun Cheng Source Type: research

Ventilation and air-conditioning systems in dental clinics and COVID-19: How much do we know?
CONCLUSIONS: Although perceptions of knowledge about VAC systems during the COVID-19 pandemic was high, the temperature in dental offices was colder than that recommended. Greater disclosure of VAC management practices and adherence to VAC management guidelines are required. Key words:Air conditioning, dentistry, coronavirus.PMID:34306533 | PMC:PMC8291153 | DOI:10.4317/jced.58119 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Sonia P Plaza-Ruiz Diana M Barbosa-Liz Andr és A Agudelo-Suárez Source Type: research

Anemia and intestinal parasites in farmers and family members and sheep in two agro-ecological zones in Senegal
One Health. 2021 Apr 29;13:100260. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2021.100260. eCollection 2021 Dec.ABSTRACTThe burden of anemia in Senegal is high, particularly in children and women in rural households. The main objectives of the study reported here were (i) to measure and compare the prevalence of anemia and intestinal parasitic infections in farmers and family members and sheep in two agro-ecological zones in Senegal and (ii) to examine the association between anemia and age or sex in farmers and family members. The study was conducted in Mpal (250 km from Dakar, the capital city) and Diawara (700 km from Dakar, a remote locati...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Heather D S Walden Modou Moustapha Lo Fiona P Maunsell Khadidia Fall Traore Sarah M Reuss Alyson Young Barro Diouf Momar Seck Adegbola T Adesogan Jorge A Hernandez Source Type: research

Comparing an e-Health program vs home rehabilitation program in patients with non-specific low back pain: A study protocol randomized feasibility trial
CONCLUSIONS: The e-Health programs could be an effective healthcare tool that can reach a large number of people living in rural or remote areas.PMID:34308900 | DOI:10.3233/BMR-210040 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 26, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Adelaida Mar ía Castro-Sánchez Eduardo Antequera Soler Guillermo A Matar án-Peñarrocha Deirdre Hurley-Osing Jes ús Martínez de la Cal H éctor García-López Ana Mar ía Capel-Alcaraz Inmaculada Carmen Lara-Palomo Source Type: research

Grey nomads with diabetes self-management on the road - a scoping review
CONCLUSION: The literature showed that the grey nomad population had a similar distribution of chronic illness, including diabetes, to that of the general Australian population, but very little was published about how they self-manage conditions when in remote locations where healthcare services were limited. The emerging roles of digital technology and development opportunities for pharmacists offer new and innovative avenues to support grey nomads with diabetes while travelling in rural and remote Australia.PMID:34303325 | DOI:10.22605/RRH6517 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 25, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Anita De Bellis Christine H McCloud Jane Giles Marc Apolloni Wendy Abigail Pauline Hill Liam McClory Source Type: research

Whole of Community Facilitators: An Exemplar for Supporting Rural Health Workforce Recruitment through Students' Professional Experience Placements
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 19;18(14):7675. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18147675.ABSTRACTThe Whole of Community Facilitator model provides support for healthcare students' professional experience placements (PEP) in rural regions in Tasmania. In Tasmania, rural PEP is challenged as healthcare facilities are often small and have limited capacity for staff to devote considerable time to supervising students during PEP. Recruitment and retention of the rural health workforce in Tasmania is sometimes difficult because the island State is geographically distant from mainland Australia, and predominantly classified as a reg...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Sandra Coe Annette Marlow Carey Mather Source Type: research

Predicting dental caries increment using salivary biomarkers in a remote Indigenous Australian child population
This study was part of a trial assessing cost-effectiveness of an intervention to prevent dental caries among children. Baseline epidemiology and application of topical caries-preventive measures was conducted in 2015, followed-up in 2016 and 2017. Children who did not consent or failed to attend the prevention visits but did attend for follow-up epidemiology constituted a natural comparison group for evaluating the intervention. Saliva flow, pH, buffering and bacterial loads were measured at all visits. Caries was scored by the International Caries Detection and Assessment system. Outcome was caries increment. Explanatory...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Surani Fernando Santosh Tadakamadla Jeroen Kroon Ratilal Lalloo Newell W Johnson Source Type: research

Whole of Community Facilitators: An Exemplar for Supporting Rural Health Workforce Recruitment through Students' Professional Experience Placements
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 19;18(14):7675. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18147675.ABSTRACTThe Whole of Community Facilitator model provides support for healthcare students' professional experience placements (PEP) in rural regions in Tasmania. In Tasmania, rural PEP is challenged as healthcare facilities are often small and have limited capacity for staff to devote considerable time to supervising students during PEP. Recruitment and retention of the rural health workforce in Tasmania is sometimes difficult because the island State is geographically distant from mainland Australia, and predominantly classified as a reg...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Sandra Coe Annette Marlow Carey Mather Source Type: research

Predicting dental caries increment using salivary biomarkers in a remote Indigenous Australian child population
This study was part of a trial assessing cost-effectiveness of an intervention to prevent dental caries among children. Baseline epidemiology and application of topical caries-preventive measures was conducted in 2015, followed-up in 2016 and 2017. Children who did not consent or failed to attend the prevention visits but did attend for follow-up epidemiology constituted a natural comparison group for evaluating the intervention. Saliva flow, pH, buffering and bacterial loads were measured at all visits. Caries was scored by the International Caries Detection and Assessment system. Outcome was caries increment. Explanatory...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Surani Fernando Santosh Tadakamadla Jeroen Kroon Ratilal Lalloo Newell W Johnson Source Type: research

Whole of Community Facilitators: An Exemplar for Supporting Rural Health Workforce Recruitment through Students' Professional Experience Placements
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 19;18(14):7675. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18147675.ABSTRACTThe Whole of Community Facilitator model provides support for healthcare students' professional experience placements (PEP) in rural regions in Tasmania. In Tasmania, rural PEP is challenged as healthcare facilities are often small and have limited capacity for staff to devote considerable time to supervising students during PEP. Recruitment and retention of the rural health workforce in Tasmania is sometimes difficult because the island State is geographically distant from mainland Australia, and predominantly classified as a reg...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Sandra Coe Annette Marlow Carey Mather Source Type: research

Predicting dental caries increment using salivary biomarkers in a remote Indigenous Australian child population
This study was part of a trial assessing cost-effectiveness of an intervention to prevent dental caries among children. Baseline epidemiology and application of topical caries-preventive measures was conducted in 2015, followed-up in 2016 and 2017. Children who did not consent or failed to attend the prevention visits but did attend for follow-up epidemiology constituted a natural comparison group for evaluating the intervention. Saliva flow, pH, buffering and bacterial loads were measured at all visits. Caries was scored by the International Caries Detection and Assessment system. Outcome was caries increment. Explanatory...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 24, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Surani Fernando Santosh Tadakamadla Jeroen Kroon Ratilal Lalloo Newell W Johnson Source Type: research

Safety, Quality, and Acceptability of Contraceptive Implant Provision by Community Health Extension Workers versus Nurses and Midwives in Two States in Nigeria
This study examines whether community health extension workers (CHEWs) can insert contraceptive implants to the same safety and quality standards as nurse/midwives. We analyze data from 7,691 clients of CHEWs and nurse/midwives who participated in a noninferiority study conducted in Kaduna and Ondo States, Nigeria. Adverse events (AEs) following implant insertions were compared. On the day of insertion AEs were similar among CHEW and nurse/midwife clients-0.5 percent and 0.4 percent, adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.92 (95 percent CI 0.38-2.23)-but noninferiority could not be established. At follow-up 6.6 percent of CHEW client...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 23, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Megan Douthwaite Olalere Alabi Kingsley Odogwu Kate Reiss Anne Taiwo Ebere Ubah Anthony Uko-Udoh Kayode Afolabi Kathryn Church Justin Fenty Erik Munroe Source Type: research

Five enablers to deliver safe water and effective sewage treatment to remote Indigenous communities in Australia
Rural Remote Health. 2021 Jul;21(3):6565. doi: 10.22605/RRH6565. Epub 2021 Jul 21.ABSTRACTCONTEXT: Safe drinking water and effective sanitation in remotely located Indigenous communities are essential services and their provision is a human right. Yet sustainable provision of these services can be challenging. Risks to human health from inadequate provision include transmission of hygiene-related infections from microbial contamination, and toxic chemicals that may cause kidney damage or dysfunction. This narrative review is conducted in the current context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6, the 'refresh...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Nina L Hall Amanda Lee Wendy E Hoy Sandra Creamer Source Type: research

Primary care physicians' perceptions of the role of alternative payment models in recruitment and retention in rural Alberta: a qualitative study
This study examined the perspectives of rural primary care physicians on the factors that attract and retain physicians in rural locations, including the role that alternative payment models (APMs) might play.METHODS: This was a qualitative study involving in-depth, open-ended interviews with rural primary care physicians practising under fee-for-service (FFS) models and APMs in Alberta, Canada. Participants were recruited from the Rural Health Professions Action Plan member list (consisting of physicians practising in rural or remote locations in Alberta) and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta online databa...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Yewande Ogundeji Fiona Clement Darryn Wellstead Brenlea Farkas Braden Manns Source Type: research

Suicide in rural Australia: A retrospective study of mental health problems, health-seeking and service utilisation
CONCLUSIONS: Higher suicide rates in rural areas, which increase with remoteness, may be attributable to decreasing diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, particularly in men. Less availability of mental health specialists coupled with socio-demographic factors within more remote areas may contribute to lower mental health diagnoses and treatment. Despite an emphasis on improving health-seeking and service accessibility in rural Australia, research is needed to determine factors related to the under-utilisation of services and treatment by specific groups vulnerable to death by suicide.PMID:34288909 | DOI:10.1371/jou...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Scott J Fitzpatrick Tonelle Handley Nic Powell Donna Read Kerry J Inder David Perkins Bronwyn K Brew Source Type: research

Five enablers to deliver safe water and effective sewage treatment to remote Indigenous communities in Australia
Rural Remote Health. 2021 Jul;21(3):6565. doi: 10.22605/RRH6565. Epub 2021 Jul 21.ABSTRACTCONTEXT: Safe drinking water and effective sanitation in remotely located Indigenous communities are essential services and their provision is a human right. Yet sustainable provision of these services can be challenging. Risks to human health from inadequate provision include transmission of hygiene-related infections from microbial contamination, and toxic chemicals that may cause kidney damage or dysfunction. This narrative review is conducted in the current context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6, the 'refresh...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Nina L Hall Amanda Lee Wendy E Hoy Sandra Creamer Source Type: research

Primary care physicians' perceptions of the role of alternative payment models in recruitment and retention in rural Alberta: a qualitative study
This study examined the perspectives of rural primary care physicians on the factors that attract and retain physicians in rural locations, including the role that alternative payment models (APMs) might play.METHODS: This was a qualitative study involving in-depth, open-ended interviews with rural primary care physicians practising under fee-for-service (FFS) models and APMs in Alberta, Canada. Participants were recruited from the Rural Health Professions Action Plan member list (consisting of physicians practising in rural or remote locations in Alberta) and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta online databa...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Yewande Ogundeji Fiona Clement Darryn Wellstead Brenlea Farkas Braden Manns Source Type: research

Suicide in rural Australia: A retrospective study of mental health problems, health-seeking and service utilisation
CONCLUSIONS: Higher suicide rates in rural areas, which increase with remoteness, may be attributable to decreasing diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, particularly in men. Less availability of mental health specialists coupled with socio-demographic factors within more remote areas may contribute to lower mental health diagnoses and treatment. Despite an emphasis on improving health-seeking and service accessibility in rural Australia, research is needed to determine factors related to the under-utilisation of services and treatment by specific groups vulnerable to death by suicide.PMID:34288909 | DOI:10.1371/jou...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Scott J Fitzpatrick Tonelle Handley Nic Powell Donna Read Kerry J Inder David Perkins Bronwyn K Brew Source Type: research

Five enablers to deliver safe water and effective sewage treatment to remote Indigenous communities in Australia
Rural Remote Health. 2021 Jul;21(3):6565. doi: 10.22605/RRH6565. Epub 2021 Jul 21.ABSTRACTCONTEXT: Safe drinking water and effective sanitation in remotely located Indigenous communities are essential services and their provision is a human right. Yet sustainable provision of these services can be challenging. Risks to human health from inadequate provision include transmission of hygiene-related infections from microbial contamination, and toxic chemicals that may cause kidney damage or dysfunction. This narrative review is conducted in the current context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6, the 'refresh...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Nina L Hall Amanda Lee Wendy E Hoy Sandra Creamer Source Type: research

Primary care physicians' perceptions of the role of alternative payment models in recruitment and retention in rural Alberta: a qualitative study
This study examined the perspectives of rural primary care physicians on the factors that attract and retain physicians in rural locations, including the role that alternative payment models (APMs) might play.METHODS: This was a qualitative study involving in-depth, open-ended interviews with rural primary care physicians practising under fee-for-service (FFS) models and APMs in Alberta, Canada. Participants were recruited from the Rural Health Professions Action Plan member list (consisting of physicians practising in rural or remote locations in Alberta) and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Alberta online databa...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 21, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Yewande Ogundeji Fiona Clement Darryn Wellstead Brenlea Farkas Braden Manns Source Type: research

Impact of point-of-care screening for hypertension, diabetes and progression of chronic kidney disease in rural Manitoba Indigenous communities
In this study, we aimed to determine whether optimal follow-up care was provided, defined as proportion of individuals with appropriate kidney disease laboratory testing, medication prescriptions and physician visits.METHODS: We linked screening data from participants to provincial administrative data sets to evaluate whether frequencies of laboratory testing, prescriptions of disease-modifying medications, and primary care and nephrology visits differed in the 18 months before and after screening. We also conducted a propensity score matching analysis to compare outcomes between screened and unscreened adults.RESULTS: Of ...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 20, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Oksana Harasemiw Thomas Ferguson Barry Lavallee Lorraine McLeod Caroline Chartrand Claudio Rigatto Navdeep Tangri Allison Dart Paul Komenda Source Type: research

Psychosocial, Eating Behavior, and Lifestyle Factors Influencing Overweight and Obesity in Adolescents
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent overweight and obesity in Indonesia is rapidly increasing, especially in older adolescents and males, and with gender-specific risks. Customized multisectoral interventions to identify strategies for lifestyle change are urgently needed.PMID:34282658 | DOI:10.1177/0379572121992750 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 20, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Rina Agustina None Meilianawati None Fenny None Atmarita None Suparmi Kun A Susiloretni Wiji Lestari Kirana Pritasari Anuraj H Shankar Source Type: research

Diagnostic test accuracy of telehealth assessment for dementia and mild cognitive impairment
CONCLUSIONS: We found only very few eligible studies with a small number of participants. An important difference between the studies providing data for the analyses was whether the target condition was dementia only (two studies) or dementia and MCI (one study). The data suggest that telehealth assessment may be highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of all-cause dementia when assessed against a reference standard of conventional face-to-face assessment, but the estimates are imprecise due to small sample sizes and between-study heterogeneity, and may apply mainly to telehealth models which incorporate a consider...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 20, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Jenny McCleery Julian Laverty Terry J Quinn Source Type: research

Policy Interventions, Development Trends, and Service Innovations of Internet Hospitals in China: Documentary Analysis and Qualitative Interview Study
CONCLUSIONS: The policy interventions strongly promoted the development of internet hospitals in China. Public tertiary hospitals led the development of internet hospitals. However, internet hospitals in China have mainly played roles that are complementary to those of physical medical institutions. The service model of internet hospitals needs more distinguished innovations to provide personalized digital health and patient-centric services.PMID:34283025 | DOI:10.2196/22330 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 20, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Yunfeng Lai Shengqi Chen Meng Li Carolina Oi Lam Ung Hao Hu Source Type: research

Community involvement to maximise research success in Torres Strait Islander populations: more than just ticking the boxes
This article explores how a team of Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers understood and applied the guidelines during a 3-year dementia prevalence study in the Torres Strait. Their reflections on the practicalities involved in conducting ethically sound and culturally appropriate research are discussed.LESSONS LEARNED: Having a deep understanding of the ethical principles of research with Torres Strait communities is more than just 'ticking the boxes' on ethics approvals. Genuine community involvement is paramount in conducting research with the communities and only then will research be relevant to community needs, c...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Rachel Quigley Sarah G Russell Betty R Sagigi Gavin Miller Edward Strivens Source Type: research

What is a prevention visit? A qualitative study of a structured approach to prevention and screening - the BETTER WISE project
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study underscore the importance of personalized, trusting, non-judgmental, and integrated relationships between primary care providers and patients to effectively address chronic disease prevention, screening, and cancer survivorship as demonstrated by the BETTER WISE prevention visits.TRIAL REGISTRATION: This qualitative study is a sub-component of the BETTER WISE pragmatic, cRCT, trial registration ISRCTN21333761 (date of registration 19/12/2016).PMID:34275453 | PMC:PMC8287802 | DOI:10.1186/s12875-021-01503-y (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Sopcak C Fernandes M A O'Brien D Ofosu M Wong T Wong M Kebbe D Manca Source Type: research

Development of Automated Reinforcement Management System (ARMS): Protocol for a Phase I Feasibility and Usability Study
CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide the baseline capability for the implementation of a remotely monitored contingency management platform. If successful, ARMS has the potential to provide effective treatment for alcohol use disorders to individuals living in remote rural areas.PMID:34279238 | DOI:10.2196/25796 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Andre Miguel Crystal Smith Nicole Perea Kim Johnson Michael McDonell Sterling McPherson Source Type: research

Community involvement to maximise research success in Torres Strait Islander populations: more than just ticking the boxes
This article explores how a team of Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers understood and applied the guidelines during a 3-year dementia prevalence study in the Torres Strait. Their reflections on the practicalities involved in conducting ethically sound and culturally appropriate research are discussed.LESSONS LEARNED: Having a deep understanding of the ethical principles of research with Torres Strait communities is more than just 'ticking the boxes' on ethics approvals. Genuine community involvement is paramount in conducting research with the communities and only then will research be relevant to community needs, c...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Rachel Quigley Sarah G Russell Betty R Sagigi Gavin Miller Edward Strivens Source Type: research

What is a prevention visit? A qualitative study of a structured approach to prevention and screening - the BETTER WISE project
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study underscore the importance of personalized, trusting, non-judgmental, and integrated relationships between primary care providers and patients to effectively address chronic disease prevention, screening, and cancer survivorship as demonstrated by the BETTER WISE prevention visits.TRIAL REGISTRATION: This qualitative study is a sub-component of the BETTER WISE pragmatic, cRCT, trial registration ISRCTN21333761 (date of registration 19/12/2016).PMID:34275453 | DOI:10.1186/s12875-021-01503-y (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Sopcak C Fernandes M A O'Brien D Ofosu M Wong T Wong M Kebbe D Manca Source Type: research

Development of Automated Reinforcement Management System (ARMS): Protocol for a Phase I Feasibility and Usability Study
CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide the baseline capability for the implementation of a remotely monitored contingency management platform. If successful, ARMS has the potential to provide effective treatment for alcohol use disorders to individuals living in remote rural areas.PMID:34279238 | DOI:10.2196/25796 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 19, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Andre Miguel Crystal Smith Nicole Perea Kim Johnson Michael McDonell Sterling McPherson Source Type: research

The Tasmanian Conception to Community (C2C) Study Database 2008-09 to 2013-14: Using linked health administrative data to address each piece in the puzzle
CONCLUSION: Associations between maternal and child health service use and combined effects of regionality and rurality highlight opportunities for targeted intervention and service innovations.PMID:34274707 | DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114216 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 18, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Amanda L Neil Kate Chappell Fiona Wagg April Miller Fiona Judd Source Type: research

Organisational and advance care planning program characteristics associated with advance care directive completion: a prospective multicentre cross-sectional audit among health and residential aged care services caring for older Australians
CONCLUSIONS: The median ACD prevalence was low, with substantial variation across organisations. Sector type was the strongest predictor, being highest in RACFs. Low prevalence rates, overall and in particular sectors, have implications for improvements. Further research into organisational factors associated with ACP/ACD completion is required.PMID:34271934 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-021-06523-z (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 17, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Karen M Detering Craig Sinclair Kimberly Buck Marcus Sellars Ben P White Helana Kelly Linda Nolte Source Type: research

Long-term trend of heat waves and potential effects on phytoplankton blooms in Lake Qiandaohu, a key drinking water reservoir
We examined the long-term trend of heat waves and how the variability of phytoplankton biomass responds to lake heat waves on a deep reservoir (Lake Qiandaohu). Long-term (1980-2020) meteorological observation in the lake watershed showed a significant warming trend of 0.36 °C per decade for the yearly average of daily average air temperature and the yearly average of daily maximum air temperature of 18.32 °C was observed in 2016. Meanwhile, a significant increasing number of heat wave events lasting longer was observed, and Lake Qiandaohu suffered an unusually severe lake heat wave in summer 2016. Significant corr...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 17, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Qunfang Huang Na Li Yuan Li Source Type: research

Organisational and advance care planning program characteristics associated with advance care directive completion: a prospective multicentre cross-sectional audit among health and residential aged care services caring for older Australians
CONCLUSIONS: The median ACD prevalence was low, with substantial variation across organisations. Sector type was the strongest predictor, being highest in RACFs. Low prevalence rates, overall and in particular sectors, have implications for improvements. Further research into organisational factors associated with ACP/ACD completion is required.PMID:34271934 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-021-06523-z (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 17, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Karen M Detering Craig Sinclair Kimberly Buck Marcus Sellars Ben P White Helana Kelly Linda Nolte Source Type: research

Long-term trend of heat waves and potential effects on phytoplankton blooms in Lake Qiandaohu, a key drinking water reservoir
We examined the long-term trend of heat waves and how the variability of phytoplankton biomass responds to lake heat waves on a deep reservoir (Lake Qiandaohu). Long-term (1980-2020) meteorological observation in the lake watershed showed a significant warming trend of 0.36 °C per decade for the yearly average of daily average air temperature and the yearly average of daily maximum air temperature of 18.32 °C was observed in 2016. Meanwhile, a significant increasing number of heat wave events lasting longer was observed, and Lake Qiandaohu suffered an unusually severe lake heat wave in summer 2016. Significant corr...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 17, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Qunfang Huang Na Li Yuan Li Source Type: research

Developmental delay and its predictors among children under five years of age with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition: a cross-sectional study in rural Pakistan
BMC Public Health. 2021 Jul 15;21(1):1397. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11445-w.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: In developing countries, malnutrition in children and developmental delays are two major challenges for public health. To achieve the vision of the Sustainable Development Goals from the broader perspective of child health, early identification of developmental delays and timely intervention are crucial. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of suspected developmental delay and their predictors in children under the age of 5 years with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in rural areas of Pakistan.METHODS: A multi...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Javeria Saleem Rubeena Zakar Gul Mehar Javaid Bukhari Aneela Fatima Florian Fischer Source Type: research

Inequities in periodontal disease prevalence, preventio n, and management
Quintessence Int. 2021 Jul 16;0(0):0. doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b1763677. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPeriodontal disease is highly prevalent and contributes to the global burden of chronic diseases. Inherent and institutional inequities contribute to the prevalence of periodontal disease by facilitating barriers to accessing dental care and maintaining good oral health. The aim of this paper is to review the inequities experienced in the dental field in relation to periodontal disease. Barriers to dental care are experienced in many countries globally. They include cost, insurance coverage, geography, physician availability, an...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Arden Mills Liran Levin Source Type: research

Disparities in Technology and Broadband Internet Access Across Rurality: Implications for Health and Education
Fam Community Health. 2021 Jul 14. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000306. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAmidst the COVID-19 pandemic, interest in using telehealth to increase access to health and mental health care has grown, and school transitions to remote learning have heightened awareness of broadband inequities. The purpose of this study was to examine access and barriers to technology and broadband Internet service ("broadband") among rural and urban youth. Washington State public school districts were surveyed about youth's access to technology (ie, a device adequate for online learning) and broadband availabi...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Janessa M Graves Demetrius A Abshire Solmaz Amiri Jessica L Mackelprang Source Type: research

Ethnic, socio-economic and geographic inequities in maternal health service coverage in Australia
CONCLUSION: Access to health care during the perinatal period is a reflection of Australia's general health system strengths and weaknesses, in particular a failure of the government to translate national and state policy intent into acceptable and accessible care in rural and remote areas, for First Nations women and for mothers experiencing socio-economic disadvantage.PMID:34270134 | DOI:10.1002/hpm.3277 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Haylee Fox Stephanie M Topp Daniel Lindsay Emily Callander Source Type: research

A sociological autopsy lens on older adult suicide in rural Australia: Addressing health, psychosocial factors and care practices at the intersection of policies and institutions
Soc Sci Med. 2021 Jul 2;284:114196. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114196. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper examines the interrelationship between suicide, health, socioeconomic, and psychosocial factors in contributing to suicide in older adults in rural Australia. Drawing on a coronial dataset of suicide cases and a mixed methods sociological autopsy approach, our study integrated a quantitative analysis of 792 suicide cases with a qualitative analysis of medico-legal reports from 30 cases. The sociological autopsy provided novel insights into the entanglement of policy and service provision at the state-level wit...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Scott J Fitzpatrick Donna Read Bronwyn K Brew David Perkins Source Type: research

Birth and death notification via mobile devices: a mixed methods systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: We need more, well-designed studies of the effect of birth and death notification via mobile devices and on factors that may influence its implementation.PMID:34271590 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD012909.pub2 (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Lavanya Vasudevan Claire Glenton Nicholas Henschke Nicola Maayan John Eyers Marita S F ønhus Tigest Tamrat Garrett L Mehl Simon Lewin Source Type: research

Developmental delay and its predictors among children under five years of age with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition: a cross-sectional study in rural Pakistan
BMC Public Health. 2021 Jul 15;21(1):1397. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11445-w.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: In developing countries, malnutrition in children and developmental delays are two major challenges for public health. To achieve the vision of the Sustainable Development Goals from the broader perspective of child health, early identification of developmental delays and timely intervention are crucial. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of suspected developmental delay and their predictors in children under the age of 5 years with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition in rural areas of Pakistan.METHODS: A multi...
Source: Rural Remote Health - July 16, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Javeria Saleem Rubeena Zakar Gul Mehar Javaid Bukhari Aneela Fatima Florian Fischer Source Type: research