Perceived HIV Stigma, Depressive Symptoms, Self-esteem, and Suicidal Ideation Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in China: a Moderated Mediation Modeling Analysis
ConclusionsStudy findings suggested a mediation mechanism of HIV stigma on suicidal ideation through depressive symptoms, and self-esteem might weaken the mediation mechanism by moderating the perceived HIV stigma-depressive symptoms pathway. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of HIV/AIDS on African-born Women Living in the United States: a Systematic Review
ConclusionABW living in the USA are uniquely impacted by HIV/AIDS. Lasting negative health consequences can be mitigated by improving HIV surveillance and investing in further studies about this population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 7, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial disparities in reasons for mortality following bariatric surgery
ConclusionThere are racial and ethnic differences in causes of mortality following bariatric surgery. The predominant cause of overall and bariatric-related mortality in NHB bariatric surgery patients is postoperative venous thromboembolism. More granular MBSAQIP data capture is needed to determine the role of patient risk versus practice patterns in these disparate outcomes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 7, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Critical Care Among Disadvantaged Minority Groups Made Equitable: Trends Throughout the COVID-19 Pandemic
ConclusionsWe found no significant differences in mortality or hospital length of stay between different races and ethnicities. In a pandemic-influenced critical care setting that operated outside conditions of ICU strain and implemented standardized protocol enabling equitable resource distribution, disparities in outcomes often seen among racial and ethnic minority groups were successfully mitigated. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 4, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-demographic Heterogeneity in Prevalence of SARS-COV-2 Infection and Death Rate: Relevance to Black College Student Knowledge of COVID-19 and SARS-COV-2
AbstractBlack and Brown communities are affected disproportionately by COVID-19. In an attempt to learn if young Black college students unknowingly contribute to the spread of the COVID-19 in their communities, using surveys, this pilot study gauges the general safety knowledge and basic scientific knowledge of Black college students about SARS-COV-2 virus and COVID-19 at an HBCU. We also investigated whether students enrolled in chemistry courses designed for STEM (Science, Technology, and Engineering Majors) majors displayed increased knowledge of SARS-COV-2 and COVID-19 in comparison to their non-STEM major peers. Two s...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 4, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiologists ’ Perspectives on BiDil and the Use of Race in Drug Prescribing
ConclusionsThe survey provides useful findings that, when viewed within the context of ongoing debates about race-based medicine, show little progress toward appropriately utilizing BiDil to maximize health outcomes, yet, might inform the development of practical and effective guidelines concerning the use of race in medicine. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Context and Considerations for the Development of Community-Informed Health Communication Messaging to Support Equitable Uptake of COVID-19 Vaccines Among Communities of Color in Washington, DC
ConclusionsThe historic and ongoing socio-economic context and realities of communities of color must be understood and respected to inform community-based health communication messaging to support vaccine equity for COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk and Resilience Among Families in Urban AI/AN Communities: the Role of Young Adults
AbstractUrban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) young adults and their families are often geographically or socially distant from tribal networks and traditional social support. Young adults can be especially vulnerable to cultural and social disconnection, so understanding how AI/AN family functioning can augment resilience and protect against risk is important. This research precedes a preventive substance use intervention study and explores urban Native family functioning, emphasizing the role of young adults by analyzing data from 13 focus groups with urban AI/AN young adults (n = 32), parents (n = 25), and...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Profiles of US Hispanics Unvaccinated for COVID-19
ConclusionsThis study identified the heterogeneity in COVID-19 vaccine attitudes among Hispanics. Further research is needed to determine if the subgroups identified are differentially receptive to interventions to facilitate reconsideration of prior vaccination decisions. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Meet Me Where I Am: An Evaluation of an HIV Patient Navigation Intervention to Increase Uptake of PrEP Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Deep South
AbstractThe southern region of the USA is the epicenter of the HIV epidemic. HIV disproportionately affects African Americans, particularly Black men who have sex with men (Black  MSM). Given the alarming rates of new infections among Black MSM, there is an urgent need for culturally competent healthcare professionals who are trained to address the unique needs and barriers to uptake and adherence to HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. Utilizing a mixed method re search approach, we conducted a process evaluation ofMeet Me Where I Am, a 6-month, 6-session HIV/AIDS patient navigation training program for health...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Substance Use Among Indigenous Tribes in South India: Findings from a Tribal Household Survey
ConclusionSubstance use was high among the indigenous tribes. The male gender, increasing age, Paniya tribe and working status significantly influenced alcohol use, smoking and betel quid chewing. The results underscore the need for indigenous specific de-addiction policies and programmes, alongside a consideration of the critical sociodemographic predictors. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of COVID-19 Information Overload Among the General Public
ConclusionThe source of information and the frequency of receiving COVID-19 information were significantly associated with COVIO. The COVID-19 information is often conflicting, leading to confusion and overload of information in the general population. This can have unfavorable effects on the measures taken to control the transmission and management of COVID-19 infection. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health and Mental Health Disparities Between National Identity Groups in Wales
AbstractDespite close links with ethnic identity and other health-relevant identities, there is surprisingly little work on national identity in the context of population health. National identity is particularly important in multi-national states, where national identity is contested and where different nationalities often reflect both distinct ethnic groups and competing civic visions of national boundaries. The present study examines health disparities between national identity groups in Wales, a constituent nation of the UK. Using data from the National Survey for Wales (n = 23,303), latent class analysis was used to...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Race/Ethnicity Reporting in Light Chain (AL) Amyloidosis Clinical Research in the USA
AbstractLittle is known about racial differences in the incidence of light chain (AL) amyloidosis despite the well-documented racial disparities in the epidemiology of other plasma cell disorders. The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which published clinical research in AL amyloidosis report information on patients ’ race. Clinical research publications in AL amyloidosis between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2020, from the USA were identified. In addition to the reporting of race, study design, funding, cohort size, year of publication, impact factor of publication journal, and first author degree wer...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Sleep: Potential Mediation by Discrimination and Psychological Distress
AbstractPrevious research has demonstrated that experiences of discrimination contribute to racial disparities in sleep, and that psychological distress mediates these relationships. However, previous research has not included race as part of the mediation pathway and has had limited dimensions of sleep health and psychological mediators. In the current study, we examine serial mediation pathways by which race and sleep health are mediated through discrimination and subsequently through psychological distress (i.e., depressive symptoms, chronic stress, and loneliness). Data were from the 2010 wave of the Health Retirement ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - February 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research