Do Black Lives Matter in the American Public ’s Mitigation Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic? An Analysis of Mask Wearing and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Deaths from COVID-19
ConclusionsMask wearing may be shaped by an insensitivity to Black and Hispanic deaths and a corresponding unwillingness to engage in health-protective behaviors. The broader history of systemic racism and residential segregation may also explain why white Americans do not wear masks or perceive themselves to be at risk when communities of color are disproportionately affected by COVID-19. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - July 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of Ethnoracial Factors in the Management and Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
ConclusionCultural and familial factors have significant impact on uterine fibroid diagnosis and management. Greater attention to culturally sensitive care and potential bias reduction in the treatment of uterine fibroids should be a priority. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - July 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Heart-Focused Anxiety Among Trauma-Exposed Latinx Young Adults: Relations to General Depression, Suicidality, Anxious Arousal, and Social Anxiety
AbstractRates of traumatic event exposure, posttraumatic stress (PTS), and co-occurring mental health symptoms and disorders are conditionally higher among Latinx individuals compared to other racial/ethnic populations. Importantly, Latinx persons are a heterogeneous population, and certain subgroups endorse higher rates of negative mental health outcomes than others, including Latinx young adults born in the USA. Yet, there is little understanding of individual difference factors among trauma-exposed US born Latinx young adults that may be involved in mental health burden among this group. The present investigation sought...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - July 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Young African Americans ’ Communication with Family Members About COVID-19: Impact on Vaccination Intention and Implications for Health Communication Interventions
This study examined the association between family communication about the COVID-19 vaccine and vaccination intention. Participants were Black/African Americans aged 18 –30 years (N = 312) recruited through an online survey in June 2020. We assessed family communication, vaccine attitudes, perceived norms, outcome expectancies, and vaccination intention. More than half (62%) of the participants had talked to family members about the vaccine. Females were more likely than males to have engaged in family communication (63% vs. 59%) (p.> .05). Family communication, injunctive norms, and descriptive norms were significant...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - July 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Lung Cancer Mortality Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Patient Experiences with Care: a SEER-CAHPS Study
ConclusionsThere are racial/ethnic disparities in lung cancer patient experiences with care that may impact mortality. Patient experiences with care are important risk factors of mortality for certain racial/ethnic groups. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 29, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Inequalities in the Mental Health Experiences of Black African, Black Caribbean and Black-mixed UK Populations: Implications for Action
The objective of this research was to review the reported mental health of Black African-Caribbean communities in the UK, determinants of mental health, and interventions to enhance their experiences of mental health services.MethodThe Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement was applied. To be included, papers must be published in a peer reviewed journal; report on adult populations (over 18) from any of Black African, Black Caribbean or Black mixed people in the UK; and assess (quantitative), or discuss (qualitative) mental health experiences, determinants of mental health, or...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 29, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Magnitude and Factors Associated with Late Initiation of Antenatal Care Booking on First Visit Among Women in Rural Parts of Ethiopia
ConclusionIn Ethiopia, particularly in rural areas, early registration to antenatal care visits was extremely low. Community-based services such as media coverage, education, transportation, and raising awareness about the need of receiving antenatal care services early are required to encourage expecting mothers to attend their ANC appointment on time. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sister, Give Me Your Hand: a Qualitative Focus Group Study on Beliefs and Barriers to Mammography Screening in Black Women During the COVID-19 Era
ConclusionsOur findings on factors that affect breast cancer screening decisions during the COVID-19 era include barriers that are related to poverty and insurance status, as well as those that are related to medical mistrust and negative healthcare experiences. Community outreach efforts should concentrate on building trust, providing equitable digital access, and skillfully addressing breast health perceptions. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 22, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Healthcare Discrimination Experience Scale: Assessing a Variable Crucial for Explaining Racial/Ethnic Inequities in Patient Activation and Health
AbstractHealthcare discrimination experience is expected to be a consequential variable that explains racial/ethnic inequities in patient activation and health; however, existing scales assessing healthcare discrimination experience are limited by insufficient psychometric development and overly narrow construct definitions. A new Healthcare Discrimination Experience Scale was developed, validated, compared to an existing scale, and used to estimate effects in explaining racial/ethnic health inequities. Across two studies, 975 patients with hypertension or diabetes (43% Black, 10% other Persons of Color, 47% White, 53% hav...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 22, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Dementia in American Indians and Alaska Natives Compared to White, Black, and Hispanic Medicare Beneficiaries: Findings from the National Health and Aging Trends Study
ConclusionWhile previous research has reported that AIANs share a similar or lower prevalence of dementia than NHWs, our findings suggest a potentially higher prevalence of dementia among AIAN Medicare beneficiaries. A relatively small number of AIAN resulted in wide confidence intervals for many of our associations. Future research should focus on recruiting a larger sample and on dementia prevalence and unique risk factors within and among AIAN tribes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 16, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation and Cardiometabolic Abnormalities Among Chinese and Korean Americans
ConclusionsLonger time lived in the US is associated with higher risk of cardiometabolic abnormalities among Chinese and Korean Americans. Future studies of acculturation and cardiometabolic risk should carefully consider potential mechanisms and what proxy measures of acculturation capture.Trial Registration NumberNCT03481296, date of registration: 3/29/2018. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disparity in Built Environment and Its Impacts on Youths ’ Physical Activity Behaviors During COVID-19 Pandemic Restrictions
ConclusionsThese findings demonstrate a need to tailor programs and policies to help high-risk groups (e.g., low SES) stay active, healthy, and resilient during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Modeling Survival Time to Death Among TB and HIV Co-infected Adult Patients: an Institution-Based Retrospective Cohort Study
ConclusionCurrent study results revealed that older age, substance use, advanced WHO clinical stages of the disease (stage IV), bedridden functional status, and CD4 less than 200 count/mm3 were significantly associated with shorter survival time to death of HIV/TB co-infected patients while having advanced educational status, being from urban residence, CPT use, and INH significantly increase the survival time to death of TB/HIV co-infected patients.  Patients with TB/HIV co-infection should be given special attention based on these important factors to improve their health and prolong their lives.SummaryHIV-positiv...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Anxiety and Stress due to COVID-19 Pandemic and Associated Factors Among Healthcare Workers in West Guji Zone Southern Ethiopia
ConclusionThe prevalence of anxiety and stress among healthcare workers due to COVID-19 were an average compared with studies in low-income and high-income countries. Health institutions must focus on the well-being of healthcare workers during the fighting for COVID-19 and comprehensive psychological assistance to support the mental well-being of healthcare workers by giving different training. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Addressing Racial Capitalism ’s Impact on Black Essential Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Policy Recommendations
AbstractBlack Americans are more likely to be essential workers due to racial capitalism. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, essential workers are less able to adhere to social distancing and stay-at-home guidelines due to the nature of their work, because they are more likely to occupy crowded households, and are more likely to possess pre-existing health conditions. To assist Black essential workers in preventing infection or reducing the intensity of symptoms if contracted, vaccination against the virus is essential. Unfortunately, Black essential workers face considerable barriers to accessing vaccinations and are hesit...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 10, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research