Recruitment Strategies Used in a Survey of African Immigrant Maternal Mental Health in Alberta, Canada
This study evidently highlights the importance of utilizing multiple recruitment strategies to successfully meet the desired sample size for a survey study. We believe the lessons learned during the process of recruitment will be helpful for others working with other African immigrant women populations in Canada and in other Western societies. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Discrimination and Health-Related Quality of Life: An Examination Among Asian American Immigrants
ConclusionsThis study supports the association between racial discrimination and worse HRQOL among Asian Americans, which can inform future interventions, especially among men and those with low social support, aimed at improving the quality of life in this population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of Drug Overdose Mortality for Island-Born and US-Born Puerto Ricans, 2013 –2019
AbstractIn the United States (US), individuals of Puerto Rican heritage die of drug overdoses at higher rates than other Hispanic groups or non-Hispanic Whites; yet, little is known about the extent to which drug overdose mortality affects island-born, versus US-born, Puerto Ricans. The distinction between Puerto Rican-born and US-born provides a starting point for culturally tailored services and interventions, as place of birth often informs language preferences and cultural identifications. Therefore, this study analyzed 2013 –2019 death certificate data from the National Center for Health Statistics for 415,111 US de...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Childhood Growth Trajectories
This study expands previous literature by identifying different BMI growth trajectories for Black, Latino/a, and White children from birth to age nine. This study found a high prevalence rate of overweight and obesity in a predominantly low-income minority group. Using growth-based trajectory modeling, this study also found different growth trajectories by racial/ethnic groups, with Latino/a children having the most concerning growth trajectories from birth to 9 years. These findings demonstrate that ethnic/racial disparities in childhood overweight and obesity start as early as birth, indicating the need to devote more at...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Period Trends in Self-Rated Health at Midlife: Variations by Race/Ethnicity, Union Status, and Education
ConclusionThe findings demonstrate the interactions among race/ethnicity, gender, union status, and education in recent self-rated health trends. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Mental Health Help-Seeking Among Asian Americans: a Systematic Review
DiscussionThe findings showed a need for ethnic tailored approaches when supporting mental health help-seeking patterns. Asian ethnic group ’s immigration status, acculturation level, and psychological barriers to help-seeking should continue to be emphasized. Psychoeducational groups can be beneficial to expand the knowledge base surrounding mental illness and to link group members to culturally responsive resources. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigration Policy Changes and the Mental Health of Mexican-American Immigrants
AbstractIn recent years, significant policy changes focused on immigrants migrating through the southern United States border have been implemented. To determine if there was an association between time since immigration and increases in negative mental health symptomology, 249 Mexican-American immigrants ages 18 –65 were field recruited to participate in a survey exploring their physical and mental health. Results indicate that inconsistent with the Hispanic Health Paradox, the psychological health of immigrants arriving since 2015 was significantly worse than that of more established immigrants. New arri vals had a .38...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Richard Allen Williams, M.D.: a Career Fighting Disparities and Fostering Equity
AbstractThis is a literature review where we acknowledge Richard Allen Williams, the first African American physician to win the John P. McGovern Compleat Physician Award, and recognize his achievements in race and ethnicity in healthcare. There have been significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, racial disparities continue to create inequity in the medical community especially for African Americans. Dr. Williams founded the Association of Black Cardiologists (ABC) in 1974 to address the misperception about, and the misdiagnosis and maltreatment of African American patients. He...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using the Ecological Systems Theory to Understand Black/White Disparities in Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in the United States
AbstractMaternal morbidity and mortality (MMM) is a significant problem in the USA, with about 700 maternal deaths every year and an estimated 50,000 “near misses.” Disparities in MMM by race are marked; black women are disproportionately affected. We use Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory to examine the root causes of racial disparities in MMM at the individual (microsystem), interpersonal (mesosystem), community (exosystem), and societal (macrosystem) levels of influence. This review discusses the interaction of these levels of influence on racial disparities related to MMM—covering preconception hea...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

NIH Portfolio of Unintentional Injury Research Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Children: Current Landscape and Future Opportunities
AbstractUnintentional injuries (UIs) caused by accidental suffocation, burns, drowning, falls, poisoning, and motor vehicle accidents are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children (Dellinger and Gilchrist. Am J Lifestyle Med;2017). Notable racial and ethnic disparities exist in accidental suffocation among infants and in motor vehicle injuries (MVI) among youth. The purpose of this study is to examine the National Institutes of Health ’s funded research projects addressing UIs, using a socioecological framework, and to determine whether funded projects align with key priorities for unintentional injuri...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Contraception Use among Women of Childbearing Age in Southern Israel: A Comparison Between Two Ethnic Populations
ConclusionsOur findings, such as the lower rate of contraception practice in the Bedouin sector in general and the use of the new and safer hormonal contraceptives in particular, can help focus the efforts of medical teams in programs for women ’s health promotion. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sharing the Power of White Privilege to Catalyze Positive Change in Academic Medicine
AbstractWhite privilege can be often overlooked and poorly understood in academic medicine, by those who wield it, and by those who suffer from its deleterious  effects. Dr. Peggy McIntosh, a leader in research on equity and diversity in education, described white privilege as a set of unearned benefits that white people have based on being born white in a culture that favors the white race. White people have privilege because it was given to them by othe r white people, and it was taken by claiming superiority over people of color, starting before the European colonizations of Africa, Asia, and the Americas, and continui...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Deep-Structure Adaptations and Culturally Grounded Prevention Interventions for Native Hawaiians: a Systematic Review of the Literature
This article systematically reviewed the recent culturally relevant prevention intervention literature focused on Native Hawaiians. In this review, we assessed 14 peer-reviewed articles published between 2015 and 2020 that met inclusion and exclusion criteria pertaining to the development and/or evaluation of prevention interventions for Native Hawaiians. The reviewed studies evaluated ten different interventions that were developed using deep-structure adaptation or culturally grounded procedures, and primarily focused on prevention of substance use, obesity/diabetes, and pregnancy/sexually transmitted infections (STIs). ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Expectations and Preferences for Psychotherapy Among African American and White Young Adults
ConclusionsThe results of this study provide information about young adults ’ perceptions, expectations, and preferences related to mental health problems and psychotherapy. Findings suggest some barriers to treatment that might be addressed to improve treatment engagement and utilization of psychological services among young adults in general and among African American y oung adults specifically. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Feasibility of Patient Navigation and Impact on Adherence to Screening Colonoscopy in a Large Diverse Urban Population
ConclusionsExpansion of PN programs to navigate all patients referred for a colonoscopy was feasible in a large, urban setting. This can be implemented resulting in high overall adherence rates to screening colonoscopies. The program likely did not result in large ethnic disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research