Depressive Symptoms of Latinx Women in Rural Farmworker and Urban Non-Farmworker Families in North Carolina
ConclusionAddressing mental health among immigrant women, particularly those in farmworker families, is a complex undertaking. Rural versus urban locality provides a context for mental health. Determining the proximal determinants of locality requires further analysis. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Medicaid Expansion Status and Race on Metastatic Disease at Diagnosis in Patients with Melanoma
ConclusionsThis study suggests that patients are less likely to be diagnosed with Stage IV melanoma in MES. This beneficial effect is more pronounced among Black minorities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

2020 Syndemic: Convergence of COVID-19, Gender-Based Violence, and Racism Pandemics
ConclusionRacialized women are experiencing a2020 Syndemic: a convergence of COVID-19, GBV, and racism pandemics, placing their wellbeing at a disproportionate risk. GBV is a public health issue and gender-responsive COVID-19 programming is essential. Anti-racist and equity-promoting policies to GBV service provision and disaggregated data collection are required. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of Medicaid Expansion Status and Race on Metastatic Disease at Diagnosis in Patients with Melanoma
ConclusionsThis study suggests that patients are less likely to be diagnosed with Stage IV melanoma in MES. This beneficial effect is more pronounced among Black minorities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

2020 Syndemic: Convergence of COVID-19, Gender-Based Violence, and Racism Pandemics
ConclusionRacialized women are experiencing a2020 Syndemic: a convergence of COVID-19, GBV, and racism pandemics, placing their wellbeing at a disproportionate risk. GBV is a public health issue and gender-responsive COVID-19 programming is essential. Anti-racist and equity-promoting policies to GBV service provision and disaggregated data collection are required. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Breast Reconstruction at a Comprehensive Cancer Center
ConclusionsWe identified breast reconstruction disparities in rate and type of reconstruction. These disparities may be due to racial differences in sociodemographic, tumor, and treatment characteristics. The predictors of breast reconstruction varied by race, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying breast reconstruction may vary in African American women. Future research should take a target approach to examine the relative contributions of sociodemographic, tumor, and treatment determinants of the breast reconstruction disparities in African American women. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in the United States: a 2021 Update
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic ’s disproportionate impact on people from some racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. persisted throughout 2021. Black, Latinx, and American Indian persons have been hospitalized and died at a higher rate than White persons consistently from the start of the pandemic. Early data show that hospitaliz ation and mortality rates for Black, Latinx, and American Indian children are higher than White children in a worrying trend. The pandemic has likely worsened the gaps in wealth, employment, housing, and access to health care: the social determinants of health that caused the disparities in the fir...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Testing an Alzheimer ’s Disease Educational Approach in Two African American Neighborhoods in Florida
AbstractAfrican Americans experience a significantly greater burden of Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) compared to non-Hispanic White Americans. Raising awareness and increasing knowledge of AD within African American communities is an important step towards addressing these disparities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of two approaches to sharing AD knowle dge with community residents. Using a quasi-experimental design, African American participants were recruited through community partners and local resources in two comparable neighborhoods in Duval County, Florida, which formed the intervention and...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Breast Reconstruction at a Comprehensive Cancer Center
ConclusionsWe identified breast reconstruction disparities in rate and type of reconstruction. These disparities may be due to racial differences in sociodemographic, tumor, and treatment characteristics. The predictors of breast reconstruction varied by race, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying breast reconstruction may vary in African American women. Future research should take a target approach to examine the relative contributions of sociodemographic, tumor, and treatment determinants of the breast reconstruction disparities in African American women. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in the United States: a 2021 Update
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic ’s disproportionate impact on people from some racial and ethnic groups in the U.S. persisted throughout 2021. Black, Latinx, and American Indian persons have been hospitalized and died at a higher rate than White persons consistently from the start of the pandemic. Early data show that hospitaliz ation and mortality rates for Black, Latinx, and American Indian children are higher than White children in a worrying trend. The pandemic has likely worsened the gaps in wealth, employment, housing, and access to health care: the social determinants of health that caused the disparities in the fir...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Testing an Alzheimer ’s Disease Educational Approach in Two African American Neighborhoods in Florida
AbstractAfrican Americans experience a significantly greater burden of Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) compared to non-Hispanic White Americans. Raising awareness and increasing knowledge of AD within African American communities is an important step towards addressing these disparities. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of two approaches to sharing AD knowle dge with community residents. Using a quasi-experimental design, African American participants were recruited through community partners and local resources in two comparable neighborhoods in Duval County, Florida, which formed the intervention and...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What Factors Lead to Racial Disparities in Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty?
AbstractTotal knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most commonly performed, major elective surgeries in the USA. African American TKA patients on average experience worse clinical outcomes than whites, including lower improvements in patient-reported outcomes and higher rates of complications, hospital readmissions, and reoperations. The mechanisms leading to these racial health disparities are unclear, but likely involve patient, provider, healthcare system, and societal factors. Lower physical and mental health at baseline, lower social support, provider bias, lower rates of health insurance coverage, higher utilization...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research